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1.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(10)2021 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34679527

RESUMO

Prostate cancer (PCa) represents the fourth most common cancer and the fifth leading cause of cancer death of men worldwide. Multiparametric MRI (mp-MRI) has high sensitivity and specificity in the detection of PCa, and it is currently the most widely used imaging technique for tumor localization and cancer staging. mp-MRI plays a key role in risk stratification of naïve patients, in active surveillance for low-risk patients, and in monitoring recurrence after definitive therapy. Radiomics is an emerging and promising tool which allows a quantitative tumor evaluation from radiological images via conversion of digital images into mineable high-dimensional data. The purpose of radiomics is to increase the features available to detect PCa, to avoid unnecessary biopsies, to define tumor aggressiveness, and to monitor post-treatment recurrence of PCa. The integration of radiomics data, including different imaging modalities (such as PET-CT) and other clinical and histopathological data, could improve the prediction of tumor aggressiveness as well as guide clinical decisions and patient management. The purpose of this review is to describe the current research applications of radiomics in PCa on MR images.

2.
SN Compr Clin Med ; : 1-3, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34541458

RESUMO

Introduction: Large-scale worldwide COVID-19 vaccination programs are being rapidly deployed, and high-risk patients with comorbidity are now receiving the first doses of the vaccine. Physicians should be, therefore, aware of new pitfalls associated with the current pandemic vaccination program, also in the case of [18F]Florbetaben PET/CT.Case PresentationWe described the first image of [18F]Florbetaben PET/CT in the evaluation of a 70-year-old male with suspicious Alzheimer disease and unclear history of heart disease. We detailed the diagnostic imaging PET/CT workup with different findings. Conclusion: In this case, [18F]Florbetaben PET/CT can demonstrate potential beta-amyloid immune-reactivity and deposition associated with the current COVID-19 pandemic vaccination programs.

3.
Curr Oncol ; 28(4): 2481-2495, 2021 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34287265

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This review aims to provide a summary of the clinical indications and limitations of PET imaging with different radiotracers, including 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) and other radiopharmaceuticals, in pediatric neuro-oncology, discussing both supratentorial and infratentorial tumors, based on recent literature (from 2010 to present). METHODS: A literature search of the PubMed/MEDLINE database was carried out searching for articles on the use of PET in pediatric brain tumors. The search was updated until December 2020 and limited to original studies published in English after 1 January 2010. RESULTS: 18F-FDG PET continues to be successfully employed in different settings in pediatric neuro-oncology, including diagnosis, grading and delineation of the target for stereotactic biopsy, estimation of prognosis, evaluation of recurrence, treatment planning and assessment of treatment response. Nevertheless, non-18F-FDG tracers, especially amino acid analogues seem to show a better performance in each clinical setting. CONCLUSIONS: PET imaging adds important information in the diagnostic work-up of pediatric brain tumors. International or national multicentric studies are encouraged in order to collect larger amount of data.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Criança , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos
4.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(6)2021 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34073596

RESUMO

The introduction of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) has led to a significant improvement in the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound in the characterization of a pancreatic mass. CEUS, by using a blood pool contrast agent, can provide dynamic information concerning macro- and micro-circulation of focal lesions and of normal parenchyma, without the use of ionizing radiation. On the basis of personal experience and literature data, the purpose of this article is to describe and discuss CEUS imaging findings of the main solid and cystic pancreatic lesions with varying prevalence.

5.
Nucl Med Commun ; 42(8): 839-845, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33741854

RESUMO

AIM: 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET imaging may play an important role in the restaging of patients with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC),, nevertheless, a systematic review of literature was still missing in this setting. The aim of this review was to summarize the evidence on literature regarding the utility of 18F-FDG PET imaging in restaging patients with SCLC. METHODS: A literature search was performed to retrieve original studies using 18F-FDG PET or 18F-FDG PET/computed tomography (CT) in a minimum of 10 patients with SCLC at restaging. RESULTS: The selected literature (17 studies) was discussed in four sections: detection rate, impact on management, prediction of prognosis and evaluation of the response to therapy. According to the literature, PET imaging may result in discordance with conventional imaging, mainly contrast-enhanced CT (ceCT), and detect additional lesions in a certain proportion of cases, leading to upstaging or downstaging. A variable level of disagreement between PET and conventional imaging has been reported also in the evaluation of response to therapy. A positive PET study is associated with shorter survival, especially in the presence of distant metastases. According to some studies, semiquantitative parameters are also inversely associated with overall survival and progression-free survival. Although the retrieved articles proved the utility of 18F-FDG PET imaging in each clinical setting, literature is still limited. CONCLUSIONS: This review encourages the use of 18F-FDG PET imaging, especially in conjunction with ceCT in recurrent SCLC patients. Further level I evidence is needed to further assess the diagnostic and prognostic capability of 18F-FDG PET/ceCT findings in SCLC.

7.
Cancer Biother Radiopharm ; 36(5): 391-396, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33769088

RESUMO

Background: The retrospective studies that have so far described the outcomes of the sequential use of life-prolonging agents (LPAs) did not include metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients who received radium-223 (223Ra) as part of their treatment. Consequently, it is not known whether including 223Ra in the therapeutic sequence has an impact on cumulative survival. The aim of this study was to evaluate this impact by comparing the cumulative overall survival (OS) in two series of mCRPC patients sequentially treated with two or three LPAs after first-line docetaxel (DOC), including 223Ra and not. Materials and Methods: The authors retrospectively reviewed the records of mCRPC patients with bone involvement alone who received two or three LPAs (including 223Ra) after first-line DOC. The control group was a contemporary series of mCRPC patients with bone involvement alone treated with sequences of two or three LPAs other than 223Ra after first-line DOC. Results: Median cumulative OS was 40.6 months in the 223Ra group of 78 patients and 36.2 months in the non-223Ra group of 186 patients (p = 0.08). OS outcomes were significantly influenced by the number of treatment lines, and baseline Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (PS) and prostate-specific antigen levels. Conclusions: To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first study designed to evaluate the impact of introducing 223Ra in the treatment sequences for mCRPC patients, and the results show that its use does not negatively affect cumulative OS.

8.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 48(9): 2871-2882, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33560453

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the presence and pattern of incidental interstitial lung alterations suspicious of COVID-19 on fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) ([18F]FDG PET/CT) in asymptomatic oncological patients during the period of active COVID-19 in a country with high prevalence of the virus. METHODS: This is a multi-center retrospective observational study involving 59 Italian centers. We retrospectively reviewed the prevalence of interstitial pneumonia detected during the COVID period (between March 16 and 27, 2020) and compared to a pre-COVID period (January-February 2020) and a control time (in 2019). The diagnosis of interstitial pneumonia was done considering lung alterations of CT of PET. RESULTS: Overall, [18F]FDG PET/CT was performed on 4008 patients in the COVID period, 19,267 in the pre-COVID period, and 5513 in the control period. The rate of interstitial pneumonia suspicious for COVID-19 was significantly higher during the COVID period (7.1%) compared with that found in the pre-COVID (5.35%) and control periods (5.15%) (p < 0.001). Instead, no significant difference among pre-COVID and control periods was present. The prevalence of interstitial pneumonia detected at PET/CT was directly associated with geographic virus diffusion, with the higher rate in Northern Italy. Among 284 interstitial pneumonia detected during COVID period, 169 (59%) were FDG-avid (average SUVmax of 4.1). CONCLUSIONS: A significant increase of interstitial pneumonia incidentally detected with [18F]FDG PET/CT has been demonstrated during the COVID-19 pandemic. A majority of interstitial pneumonia were FDG-avid. Our results underlined the importance of paying attention to incidental CT findings of pneumonia detected at PET/CT, and these reports might help to recognize early COVID-19 cases guiding the subsequent management.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Itália , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
9.
Future Oncol ; 17(7): 807-815, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33508980

RESUMO

Background: Radium 223 (RA223) is currently administered as part of a therapeutic sequence with the other life-prolonging agents (LPAs) for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Patients & methods: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of patients who had received at least three LPAs including RA223. Results: Median overall survival (OS) from the start of first-line treatment was 39.8 months, with the patients who completed all six planned courses of RA223 having a longer OS than those who did not (53.2 vs 29.5 months; p < 0.0001). Conclusions: Our study confirms the activity of RA223 regardless of the treatment line in which it is administered and suggests that patient selection plays a central role in maximizing this activity.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Receptores de Andrógenos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Ósseas/terapia , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/terapia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/administração & dosagem , Rádio (Elemento)/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Ósseas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Seguimentos , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Seleção de Pacientes , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/mortalidade , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Eur Radiol ; 31(7): 4595-4605, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33443602

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was (1) to investigate the application of texture analysis of choline PET/CT images in prostate cancer (PCa) patients and (2) to propose a machine-learning radiomics model able to select PET features predictive of disease progression in PCa patients with a same high-risk class at restaging. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety-four high-risk PCa patients who underwent restaging Cho-PET/CT were analyzed. Follow-up data were recorded for a minimum of 13 months after the PET/CT scan. PET images were imported in LIFEx toolbox to extract 51 features from each lesion. A statistical system based on correlation matrix and point-biserial-correlation coefficient has been implemented for features reduction and selection, while Discriminant analysis (DA) was used as a method for features classification in a whole sample and sub-groups for primary tumor or local relapse (T), nodal disease (N), and metastatic disease (M). RESULTS: In the whole group, 2 feature (HISTO_Entropy_log10; HISTO_Energy_Uniformity) results were able to discriminate the occurrence of disease progression at follow-up, obtaining the best performance in DA classification (sensitivity 47.1%, specificity 76.5%, positive predictive value (PPV) 46.7%, and accuracy 67.6%). In the sub-group analysis, the best performance in DA classification for T was obtained by selecting 3 features (SUVmin; SHAPE_Sphericity; GLCM_Correlation) with a sensitivity of 91.6%, specificity 84.1%, PPV 79.1%, and accuracy 87%; for N by selecting 2 features (HISTO = _Energy Uniformity; GLZLM_SZLGE) with a sensitivity of 68.1%, specificity 91.4%, PPV 83%, and accuracy 82.6%; and for M by selecting 2 features (HISTO_Entropy_log10 - HISTO_Entropy_log2) with a sensitivity 64.4%, specificity 74.6%, PPV 40.6%, and accuracy 72.5%. CONCLUSION: This machine learning model demonstrated to be feasible and useful to select Cho-PET features for T, N, and M with valuable association with high-risk PCa patients' outcomes. KEY POINTS: • Artificial intelligence applications are feasible and useful to select Cho-PET features. • Our model demonstrated the presence of specific features for T, N, and M with valuable association with high-risk PCa patients' outcomes. • Further prospective studies are necessary to confirm our results and to develop the application of artificial intelligence in PET imaging of PCa.


Assuntos
Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Neoplasias da Próstata , Inteligência Artificial , Colina/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem
11.
Curr Radiopharm ; 14(3): 209-219, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32564769

RESUMO

In medical imaging, Artificial Intelligence is described as the ability of a system to properly interpret and learn from external data, acquiring knowledge to achieve specific goals and tasks through flexible adaptation. The number of possible applications of Artificial Intelligence is also huge in clinical medicine and cardiovascular diseases. To describe for the first time in literature, the main results of articles about Artificial Intelligence potential for clinical applications in molecular imaging techniques, and to describe its advancements in cardiovascular diseases assessed with nuclear medicine imaging modalities. A comprehensive search strategy was used based on SCOPUS and PubMed databases. From all studies published in English, we selected the most relevant articles that evaluated the technological insights of AI in nuclear cardiology applications. Artificial Intelligence may improve patient care in many different fields, from the semi-automatization of the medical work, through the technical aspect of image preparation, interpretation, the calculation of additional factors based on data obtained during scanning, to the prognostic prediction and risk-- group selection. Myocardial implementation of Artificial Intelligence algorithms in nuclear cardiology can improve and facilitate the diagnostic and predictive process, and global patient care. Building large databases containing clinical and image data is a first but essential step to create and train automated diagnostic/prognostic models able to help the clinicians to make unbiased and faster decisions for precision healthcare.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Cardiologia/tendências , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem Molecular/tendências , Humanos , Medicina Nuclear/tendências , Prognóstico
12.
Nucl Med Commun ; 42(2): 198-204, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33252511

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to predict the results of 99mTc-hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime (HMPAO)-labeled autologous leukocytes scintigraphy assessing count ratios in the perfusion (Pr) and blood-pool (BPr) phase images in three-phase bone scan (3PBSr) between the prosthetic knee and the 'healthy' knee and a novel semiquantitative parameter (P/BP ratio) in patients with unilateral knee arthroplasty. METHODS: Patients with unilateral knee arthroplasty and available 3PBS and 99mTc-HMPAO-labeled autologous leukocytes scintigraphic images were searched in two hospitals (A and B). In center A, the perfusion phase was not available. Regions of interest (ROI) were delineated in the perfusion (P) and blood-pool (BP) phase images, incorporating the prosthetic region and applying an isocontour (40% of the maximum pixel activity); corresponding mirror ROIs were placed on the healthy knee. The P/BP ratio was calculated as {[(Pr/BPr) × 100] - 100}. Receiver operator curves (ROCs) were generated for each semiquantitative parameter to identify the optimal cutoff for predicting the results of the autologous leukocytes scintigraphy. RESULTS: In the whole group (79 patients), BPr demonstrated an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.722 (optimal cutoff = 1.43). In center A (52 patients), BPr demonstrated an AUC of 0.737 (cutoff = 1.43), whereas, in center B (27 patients), AUC for BPr was 0.718 (cutoff = 1.6). A better diagnostic performance was obtained selecting Pr (AUC = 0.918; cutoff = 2.34) and P/BP ratio (AUC = 0.947; cutoff = 26.5%) for the discrimination between septic and aseptic loosening. CONCLUSIONS: The novel P/BP ratio seems to be a promising semiquantitative parameter to predict septic loosening. These findings warrant confirmation in larger patient samples.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Leucócitos/metabolismo , Tecnécio Tc 99m Exametazima/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cintilografia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Coloração e Rotulagem
13.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 10(12)2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33287195

RESUMO

In this review, the performance of fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) in the diagnostic workup of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is evaluated. A comprehensive literature search up to September 2020 was performed, selecting studies with the presence of: sample size ≥10 patients and index test (i.e., "FDG" or "18F-FDG" AND "pancreatic adenocarcinoma" or "pancreas cancer" AND "PET" or "positron emission tomography"). The methodological quality was evaluated using the revised quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies (QUADAS-2) tool and presented according to the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Basic data (authors, year of publication, country and study design), patients' characteristics (number of enrolled subjects and age), disease phase, type of treatment and grading were retrieved. Forty-six articles met the adopted research criteria. The articles were divided according to the considered clinical context. Namely, besides conventional anatomical imaging, such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), molecular imaging with FDG PET/CT is an important tool in PDAC, for all disease stages. Further prospective studies will be necessary to confirm the cost-effectiveness of such imaging techniques by testing its real potential improvement in the clinical management of PDAC.

14.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 10(8)2020 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32824388

RESUMO

We investigated the diagnostic performance of Somatostatin Receptor Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (SSR-PET/CT) for the detection of primary lesion and initial staging of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs). A comprehensive literature search up to January 2020 was performed selecting studies in presence of: sample size ≥10 patients; index test (i.e., 68Ga-DOTATOC or 68Ga-DOTANOC or 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT); and outcomes (i.e., detection rate (DR), true positive, true negative, false positive, and false-negative). The methodological quality was evaluated with QUADAS-2. Pooled DR and pooled sensitivity and specificity for the identification of the primary tumor were assessed by a patient-based and a lesion-based analysis. Thirty-eight studies were selected for the qualitative analysis, while 18 papers were included in the meta-analysis. The number of pNET patients ranged from 10 to 142, for a total of 1143 subjects. At patient-based analysis, the pooled sensitivity and specificity for the assessment of primary pNET were 79.6% (95% confidence interval (95%CI): 71-87%) and 95% (95%CI: 75-100%) with a heterogeneity of 59.6% and 51.5%, respectively. Pooled DR for the primary lesion was 81% (95%CI: 65-90%) and 92% (95%CI: 80-97%), respectively, at patient-based and lesion-based analysis. In conclusion, SSR-PET/CT has high DR and diagnostic performances for primary lesion and initial staging of pNETs.

15.
Clin Nucl Med ; 45(8): 594-603, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32558711

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The primary aim of this multicenter retrospective analysis is to examine the role of F-choline PET/CT as a diagnostic tool for staging and restaging prostate cancer (PCa) in a large population in the light of 10 years of clinical experience. A secondary aim of the study is to produce data on the predictors of a positive F-choline PET/CT result in the setting of PCa primaries and biochemical recurrences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This multicenter retrospective cohort study is based on data collected by 9 Italian nuclear medicine departments. Between October 2008 and September 2019, 3343 men underwent F-choline PET/CT scans before receiving definitive treatments for a primary PCa or biochemical recurrence. Inclusion criteria were (1) histologically proven PCa (on surgical specimens or prostate biopsies from patients not treated surgically) and (2) availability of clinical and pathological data, including serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) level at the time of PET/CT scanning. RESULTS: F-choline PET/CT was performed in 545 cases (16.4%) for cancer staging and in 2798 (83.6%) for restaging purposes, and the result was positive in 540 (99.1%) for the former and 1993 (71.2%) for the latter. A positive PET/CT result was always associated with a high Gleason score (>7) and high PSA levels (P < 0.01). The percentage of patients with a PSA threshold less than 1.0 ng/mL for performing PET/CT was higher in the years 2014 to 2019 (n = 341, 25% of cases) than during the previous period (n = 148, 16%; in 2008-2013). When used for staging purposes, receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that PSA levels of 9.2, 16.4, and 16.6 ng/mL were the optimal cutoffs for distinguishing between positive and negative PET/CT findings for local disease, lymph node involvement, and metastasis, respectively. In the restaging setting, a PSA level of 1.27 ng/mL was the optimal cutoff for distinguishing between a positive and negative PET/CT scan. CONCLUSIONS: F-choline PET/CT can help identify early recurrences, even in the case of low PSA levels (<1 ng/mL). Our data suggest that important improvements have been made in the interpretation of F-choline images and in patient selection in the last 5 years.


Assuntos
Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/normas , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Colina/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32543166

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Radiomic features are increasingly utilized to evaluate tumor heterogeneity in PET imaging but to date its role has not been investigated for Cho-PET in prostate cancer. The potential application of radiomics features analysis using a machine-learning radiomics algorithm was evaluated to select 18F-Cho PET/CT imaging features to predict disease progression in PCa. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed high-risk PCa patients who underwent restaging 18F-Cho PET/CT from November 2013 to May 2018. 18F-Cho PET/CT studies and related structures containing volumetric segmentations were imported in the "CGITA" toolbox to extract imaging features from each lesion. A Machine-learning model has been adapted using NCA for feature selection, while DA was used as a method for feature classification and performance analysis. RESULTS: 106 imaging features were extracted for 46 lesions for a total of 4876 features analyzed. No significant differences between the training and validating sets in terms of age, sex, PSA values, lesion location and size (p > 0.05) were demonstrated by the machine-learning model. Thirteen features were able to discriminate FU disease status after NCA selection. Best performance in DA classification was obtained using the combination of the 13 selected features (sensitivity 74%, specificity 58% and accuracy 66%) compared to the use of all features (sensitivity 40%, specificity 52%, and accuracy 51%). Per-site performance of the 13 selected features in DA classification were as follow: T= sensitivity 63%, specificity 83%, accuracy 71%; N= sensitivity 87%, specificity 91% of and accuracy 90%; bone-M= sensitivity 33%, specificity 77% and accuracy 66%. CONCLUSIONS: An artificial intelligence model demonstrated to be feasible and able to select a panel of 18F-Cho PET/CT features with valuable association with PCa patients' outcome.

18.
Scand J Clin Lab Invest ; 80(4): 313-317, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32255379

RESUMO

In the last decades, an important role of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers for Alzheimer disease (AD) diagnosis has emerged. The evaluation of the triad consisting of 42 aminoacid-long amyloid-beta peptide (Aß42), total Tau (tTau) and Tau phosphorylated at threonine 181 (pTau) have been recently integrated into the research diagnostic criteria of AD. For a long time, the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) has represented the most commonly used method for the measurement of CSF biomarkers levels. This study aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy of CSF biomarkers, namely Aß42, tTau and pTau and their ratio, measured by fully automated CLEIA assay (Lumipulse). We included 96 patients clinically diagnosed as AD (48) and non-AD (48). All CSF biomarkers levels were measured on Lumipulse G1200 fully automated platform (Fujirebio Inc. Europe, Gent, Belgium). Aß42 levels, 42/40 ratio, 42/tTau ratio, 42/PTau ratio were significantly reduced, and tTau and PTau levels were significantly increased in AD patients in comparison with non-AD patients. The receiving operator curve (ROC) analysis showed good diagnostic accuracy of all CSF biomarkers and their ratios for discriminating AD patients from non-AD patients, with 42/40 ratio having the best AUC (0.724, 95%CI 0.619-0.828; p < 0.001). Our findings support the use of CSF biomarkers measured by CLEIA method on a fully automated platform for AD diagnosis.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Medições Luminescentes/métodos , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Proteínas tau/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Idoso , Doença de Alzheimer/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Área Sob a Curva , Automação Laboratorial , Biomarcadores/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Medições Luminescentes/instrumentação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fosforilação , Curva ROC
19.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 47(11): 2633-2638, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32249345

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the fracture risk and survival outcomes in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) who received sequentially abiraterone acetate (AA) and radium 223 [223Ra]RaCl2 in the daily clinical practice. MATERIALS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of mCRPC patients who received [223Ra]RaCl2 immediately after progressing during an AA treatment line in everyday clinical practice. RESULTS: We reviewed data of a consecutive series of 94 mCRPC patients. Most of the patients (85.1%) received [223Ra]RaCl2 as second- or third-line treatment. [223Ra]RaCl2 treatment was well-tolerated; there were only four cases of grade 3 anaemia, two cases of grade 3 leukopenia and one case of grade 3 neutropenia. The overall fracture rate is 2.1%; one fracture was recorded during the course of [223Ra]RaCl2 treatment, and one was recorded 1 month after its end. The fractures both occurred at metastatic sites. Median OS from [223Ra]RaCl2 start was more than 14 months regardless of the treatment line when [223Ra]RaCl2 was administered. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study show that the treatment with [223Ra]RaCl2 immediately after AA was active and safe with a very low risk of a fracture. Thus, the present observational report makes a valuable contribution to the current debate concerning the risks and benefits of including [223Ra]RaCl2 in the therapeutic algorithm.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração , Rádio (Elemento) , Acetato de Abiraterona/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Rádio (Elemento)/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
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