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1.
Am J Hematol ; 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31625177

RESUMO

A total of 192 pediatric patients, median age 8.6 years, with high-risk hematological malignancies, underwent haploidentical stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) using post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PT-Cy), or ex vivo T cell-depleted (TCD) graft platforms, from January 1999 to December 2016 in 10 centers in Spain. Some 41 patients received an unmanipulated graft followed by PT-Cy for graft-vs-host disease (GvHD) prophylaxis. A total of 151 patients were transplanted with CD3-depleted peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) by either CD34+ selection, CD3+ CD19+ depletion, TCRαß+ CD19+ depletion or CD45RA+ depletion, added to CD34+ selection for GvHD prophylaxis. The PBSCs were the only source in patients following ex vivo TCD haplo-HSCT; bone marrow was the source in 9 of 41 patients following PT-CY haplo-HSCT. Engraftment was achieved in 91.3% of cases. A donor younger than 30 years, and the development of chronic GvHD were positive factors influencing survival, whereas positive minimal residual disease (MRD) before transplant and lymphoid disease were negative factors. The probability of relapse increased with lymphoid malignancies, a donor killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) haplotype A and positive MRD pretransplant. No difference was found in overall survival, disease-free survival or relapse incidence between the two platforms. Relapse is still of concern in both platforms, and it should be the focus of future efforts. In conclusion, both platforms for haplo-HSCT were effective and could be utilized depending on the comfort level of the center.

2.
Pediatr Transplant ; 23(8): e13584, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556188

RESUMO

Cytomegalovirus encephalitis is a challenging life-threatening complication following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for which medical treatment is usually ineffective or toxic. However, in recent years, adoptive T-cell therapy has been reported to provide a significant chance of cure for patients with viral infections. Herein, two cases of pediatric patients successfully treated with third-party donor-derived virus-specific T cells for CMV meningoencephalitis are reported.

3.
Mol Metab ; 27S: S69-S80, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31500833

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A growing body of literature suggests the cell-intrinsic activity of Atf6α during ER stress responses has implications for tissue cell number during growth and development, as well as in adult biology and tumorigenesis [1]. This concept is important, linking the cellular processes of secretory protein synthesis and endoplasmic reticulum stress response with functional tissue capacity and organ size. However, the field contains conflicting observations, especially notable in secretory cell types like the pancreatic beta cell. SCOPE OF REVIEW: Here we summarize current knowledge of the basic biology of Atf6α, along with the pleiotropic roles Atf6α plays in cell life and death decisions and possible explanations for conflicting observations. We include studies investigating the roles of Atf6α in cell survival, death and proliferation using well-controlled methodology and specific validated outcome measures, with a focus on endocrine and metabolic tissues when information was available. MAJOR CONCLUSIONS: The net outcome of Atf6α on cell survival and cell death depends on cell type and growth conditions, the presence and degree of ER stress, and the duration and intensity of Atf6α activation. It is unquestioned that Atf6α activity influences the cell fate decision between survival and death, although opposite directions of this outcome are reported in different contexts. Atf6α can also trigger cell cycle activity to expand tissue cell number through proliferation. Much work remains to be done to clarify the many gaps in understanding in this important emerging field.

4.
Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord ; 47(4-6): 243-253, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408858

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endothelial dysfunction and subsequent inflammation contribute to the development of vascular cognitive impairment (VCI). Soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) is upregulated in endothelial dysfunction and promotes an inflammatory response; however, the relationship between sICAM-1 and VCI remains equivocal. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether sICAM-1 contributes to the prediction of VCI. METHODS: Community-dwelling older adults (n = 172) from the "Cohort of Obesity, Sarcopenia and Frailty of Older Mexican Adults" (COSFOMA) study were identified as VCI or controls using standard neuropsychological evaluations and neuroimaging. sICAM-1 was quantified using ELISA, and multivariate logistic regression determined the association between sICAM-1 and VCI. RESULTS: A total of 31 VCI cases were identified. sICAM-1 was higher in VCI (VCI: 450.7 [241.6] ng/mL vs. controls: 296.9 [140.9] ng/mL). sICAM-1 concentrations above the 90th percentile (464.1 ng/mL) were associated with VCI group membership in all models (OR: 6.9, 95% CI: 1.1-42.2). The final saturated model explained 64% of the variance in VCI group membership. CONCLUSION: High concentrations of sICAM-1 are independently associated with VCI group membership. Efforts to further characterize the relationship between indices of endothelial dysfunction and pathological changes to the aging brain should be further pursued.

6.
Cell Metab ; 30(1): 10-11, 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269421

RESUMO

Genome-wide association studies have identified hundreds of genomic variants associated with human T2D risk, but translating such findings to clinically useful information has proved challenging. A new study in Nature (Flannick et al., 2019) breaks this gridlock, using direct exome sequencing to identify functional coding variants, providing critical complementary gene-level information.

7.
Rev. lab. clín ; 12(2): 98-101, abr.-jun. 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-4161

RESUMO

El fósforo es el segundo mineral más abundante en el organismo. Su homeostasis se consigue mantener a través de varios mecanismos mediados principalmente por el riñón, el intestino y el hueso. Se han descrito interferencias en la medición del fósforo que pueden provocar una seudohiperfosfatemia. La causa más frecuente es la presencia de una paraproteína en el suero de los pacientes con mieloma múltiple, macroglobulinemia de Waldenström y gammapatía monoclonal de significado incierto. En los casos de hiperfosfatemia sin causa aparente que la pueda justificar, es importante tener en cuenta la existencia de una seudohiperfosfatemia causada por la presencia de las paraproteínas en sangre en los autoanalizadores de química líquida. El sistema multicapa de Vitros(R) 5600 es un método rápido y fiable para solucionar este problema


Phosphorus is the second most important mineral in the body. Its homeostasis is maintained through several mechanisms mediated mainly by the kidney, intestine, and bone. Interferences have been described in the measurement of phosphorus that could suggest a pseudo-hyperphosphataemia. The most frequent cause was the presence of a paraprotein in the serum of patients with multiple myeloma, Waldenström macroglobulinaemia, or monoclonal gammopathy of uncertain significance, was described as the most frequent cause of interference in phosphorus assay using liquid chemistry autoanalysers. When hyperphosphataemia is present, and no apparent cause can justify it, it is important to consider the possibility of a pseudo-hyperphosphataemia caused mainly by the presence of a paraprotein. The Vitros(R) 5600 multilayer system can be used as a fast and reliable method to avoid this interference

8.
Exp Gerontol ; 124: 110624, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31152776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis is a primary risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Proinflammatory biochemical factors can influence vascular health; monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is elevated in patients with CVD while fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF-21) acts directly on cardiac tissue to reduce infarction damage. However, the relationship between plasma concentrations of MCP-1, FGF-21 and subclinical CVD indices remains equivocal. AIM: To determine the association between MCP-1, FGF-21 and subclinical atherosclerosis [i.e., carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT)] in women without clinical evidence of CVD. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of 140 women without history of CVD was performed. Anthropometrics were collected, serum concentrations of MCP-1 and FGF-21 were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and cIMT was quantified (B-mode ultrasonography). The correlations between MCP-1, FGF-21 and the presence of clinical and laboratory of subclinical atherosclerosis (i.e., cIMT ≥0.70 mm), comparison intergroup and odd ratio with multiple logistic regression were analyzed. RESULTS: MCP-1, but not FGF-21 correlated with some obesity indicators. In median comparison among groups, subclinical atherosclerosis showed higher serum concentrations of MCP-1and lower serum concentrations of FGF-21. In postmenopausal women, there were significant differences MCP-1 (p = 0.001), and FGF-21 (p = 0.010). Multiple logistic regression analysis in postmenopausal women with subclinical atherosclerosis, between MCP-1 (p = 0.001) and FGF-21 (p = 0.037) showed association with cIMT, along with age. CONCLUSIONS: MCP-1 and FGF-21 levels are associated with subclinical atherosclerosis disease severity (i.e., cIMT) in postmenopausal women without CVD. Further efforts focused on characterizing the relationship between novel blood-borne markers of early CVD pathology are warranted and should be pursued.

10.
Diabetes ; 68(5): 975-987, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30833468

RESUMO

Pancreatic ß-cell regeneration, the therapeutic expansion of ß-cell number to reverse diabetes, is an important goal. Replication of differentiated insulin-producing cells is the major source of new ß-cells in adult mice and juvenile humans. Nucleoside analogs such as BrdU, which are incorporated into DNA during S-phase, have been widely used to quantify ß-cell proliferation. However, reports of ß-cell nuclei labeling with both BrdU and γ-phosphorylated H2A histone family member X (γH2AX), a DNA damage marker, have raised questions about the fidelity of BrdU to label S-phase, especially during conditions when DNA damage is present. We performed experiments to clarify the causes of BrdU-γH2AX double labeling in mouse and human ß-cells. BrdU-γH2AX colabeling is neither an age-related phenomenon nor limited to human ß-cells. DNA damage suppressed BrdU labeling and BrdU-γH2AX colabeling. In dispersed islet cells, but not in intact islets or in vivo, pro-proliferative conditions promoted both BrdU and γH2AX labeling, which could indicate DNA damage, DNA replication stress, or cell cycle-related intrinsic H2AX phosphorylation. Strategies to increase ß-cell number must not only tackle the difficult challenge of enticing a quiescent cell to enter the cell cycle, but also achieve safe completion of the cell division process.


Assuntos
Bromodesoxiuridina/química , Bromodesoxiuridina/metabolismo , Células Secretoras de Insulina/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/genética , DNA/metabolismo , Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Dano ao DNA/genética , Humanos , Células Secretoras de Insulina/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos
11.
Eur J Haematol ; 102(6): 465-471, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30828868

RESUMO

Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is an infrequent complication of allogeneic stem cell transplant (allo-SCT). AIMS: To estimate the frequency and management of PTLD in Spain and to identify prognostic factors influencing outcomes. METHODS: Multicenter, retrospective analysis of allo-SCT performed in 14 transplant units over a 15-year period. RESULTS: 102 PTLD were diagnosed among 12 641 allo-SCT, leading to an estimated frequency of 0.8%. PTLD was diagnosed at a median of 106 days after SCT. Eighty-seven cases (85%) were diagnosed between 2007 and 2013. At diagnosis, 22% and 17% of the patients had gastrointestinal tract and CNS involvement. Eighty-seven (85%) received rituximab treatment, alone or in combination with immunosuppression reduction, with an ORR of 50.6%. With a median follow-up for survivors of 58 months, the 2-year overall survival (OS) was 33% and the PTLD-related mortality 45%. Age ≥ 40 years, malignant underlying disease, non-response to rituximab, and severe thrombocytopenia or lymphocytopenia at PTLD diagnosis were associated with worse overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: Only a small proportion of allografted patients were diagnosed a PTLD. Its clinical course was highly aggressive, and prognosis poor, especially in those failing rituximab. The prognostic impact found of the platelet, and lymphocyte count at diagnosis requires further confirmation.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/epidemiologia , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Biomarcadores , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Ciclofosfamida , Doxorrubicina , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/diagnóstico , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Prednisona , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha/epidemiologia , Transplante Homólogo , Vincristina , Adulto Jovem
12.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 152(4): 135-145, feb. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-181880

RESUMO

Antecedentes y objetivos: El incremento descrito en la prevalencia de hemoglobinopatías, de ß-talasemia mayor (TM) y de enfermedad drepanocítica (ED) que ha ocurrido en las últimas dos décadas en nuestro país ha generado nuevas necesidades en cuanto a recursos médicos tanto para la prevención como para el tratamiento de estos pacientes. El trasplante alogénico de progenitores hematopoyéticos (alo-TPH) es el tratamiento curativo disponible en nuestro medio para pacientes con hemoglobinopatías graves. El objetivo principal de este estudio fue conocer los resultados del alo-TPH en pacientes pediátricos con TM o ED realizados en unidades de trasplante hematopoyético pediátrico incluidas dentro del Grupo Español de Trasplante de Médula Ósea en Niños (GETMON). Material y métodos: Revisión retrospectiva de los pacientes sometidos a TPH en unidades de TPH del GETMON hasta el año 2015. Resultados: Se analizaron un total de 65 pacientes (43 pacientes afectados de TM y 22 de ED) que recibieron el alo-TPH en 6 unidades GETMON entre noviembre de 1989 y diciembre de 2014. La supervivencia libre de eventos 3años postrasplante fue del 81% y la supervivencia global del 92% en pacientes con TM. La supervivencia libre de eventos 3años postrasplante fue del 79% y la supervivencia global del 85% en pacientes con ED. Conclusiones: Los resultados de esta serie son comparables a los resultados de otras series internacionales y ofrecen un punto de partida para continuar intentando mejorar la evolución de estos pacientes


Background and objectives: A recently occurring increase of the prevalence of haemoglobinopathies, ß-thalassaemia major (TM) and sickle cell disease (SCD) over the last two decades in our country has generated new needs in terms of medical resources for both prevention and treatment of these patients. Allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplant (allo-HSCT) is a curative treatment available for patients who have severe haemoglobinopathies. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the results of allo-HSCT in paediatric patients with TM or SCD performed in paediatric hematopoietic transplant units within the Spanish Group of Bone Marrow Transplantation in Children (GETMON). Material and methods: Retrospective review of patients undergoing HSCT in the GETMON units until 2015. Results: A total of 65 patients were analysed (43 patients were affected with TM and 22 with SCD), who received allo-HSCT in 6 GETMON units between November 1989 and December 2014. Event-free survival three years post-transplant was 81% and overall survival 92% in patients with TM. Event-free survival three years post-transplant was 79% and overall survival 85% in patients with SCD. Conclusions: The results of this series are comparable to the results of other international series and offer a platform from which to continue trying to improve the evolution of these patients


Assuntos
Humanos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Talassemia/epidemiologia , Hemoglobinopatias/epidemiologia , Transplante Homólogo/métodos , Neutrófilos/transplante , Hemoglobinopatias/prevenção & controle , Hemoglobinopatias/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Sobrevivência
13.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 54(7): 1176, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30733543

RESUMO

In the original version of this article, author 'Lucia López-Corral' was incorrectly listed as 'Lucia López'. This has now been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the article to 'Lucia López-Corral'.

14.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 143(6): 2238-2253, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30660643

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CD40 ligand (CD40L) deficiency, an X-linked primary immunodeficiency, causes recurrent sinopulmonary, Pneumocystis and Cryptosporidium species infections. Long-term survival with supportive therapy is poor. Currently, the only curative treatment is hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). OBJECTIVE: We performed an international collaborative study to improve patients' management, aiming to individualize risk factors and determine optimal HSCT characteristics. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data on 130 patients who underwent HSCT for CD40L deficiency between 1993-2015. We analyzed outcome and variables' relevance with respect to survival and cure. RESULTS: Overall survival (OS), event-free survival (EFS), and disease-free survival (DFS) were 78.2%, 58.1%, and 72.3% 5 years after HSCT. Results were better in transplantations performed in 2000 or later and in children less than 10 years old at the time of HSCT. Pre-existing organ damage negatively influenced outcome. Sclerosing cholangitis was the most important risk factor. After 2000, superior OS was achieved with matched donors. Use of myeloablative regimens and HSCT at 2 years or less from diagnosis associated with higher OS and DFS. EFS was best with matched sibling donors, myeloablative conditioning (MAC), and bone marrow-derived stem cells. Most rejections occurred after reduced-intensity or nonmyeloablative conditioning, which associated with poor donor cell engraftment. Mortality occurred mainly early after HSCT, predominantly from infections. Among survivors who ceased immunoglobulin replacement, T-lymphocyte chimerism was 50% or greater donor in 85.2%. CONCLUSION: HSCT is curative in patients with CD40L deficiency, with improved outcome if performed before organ damage development. MAC is associated with better OS, EFS, and DFS. Prospective studies are required to compare the risks of HSCT with those of lifelong supportive therapy.

16.
Cell Death Dis ; 9(12): 1183, 2018 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30518789

RESUMO

Planar cell polarity (PCP) and intercellular junctional complexes establish tissue structure and coordinated behaviors across epithelial sheets. In multiciliated ependymal cells, rotational and translational PCP coordinate cilia beating and direct cerebrospinal fluid circulation. Thus, PCP disruption results in ciliopathies and hydrocephalus. PCP establishment depends on the polarization of cytoskeleton and requires the asymmetric localization of core and global regulatory modules, including membrane proteins like Vangl1/2 or Frizzled. We analyzed the subcellular localization of select proteins that make up these modules in ependymal cells and the effect of Trp73 loss on their localization. We identify a novel function of the Trp73 tumor suppressor gene, the TAp73 isoform in particular, as an essential regulator of PCP through the modulation of actin and microtubule cytoskeleton dynamics, demonstrating that Trp73 is a key player in the organization of ependymal ciliated epithelia. Mechanistically, we show that p73 regulates translational PCP and actin dynamics through TAp73-dependent modulation of non-musclemyosin-II activity. In addition, TAp73 is required for the asymmetric localization of PCP-core and global signaling modules and regulates polarized microtubule dynamics, which in turn set up the rotational PCP. Therefore, TAp73 modulates, directly and/or indirectly, transcriptional programs regulating actin and microtubules dynamics and Golgi organization signaling pathways. These results shed light into the mechanism of ependymal cell planar polarization and reveal p73 as an epithelial architect during development regulating the cellular cytoskeleton.

17.
J Food Sci Technol ; 55(9): 3453-3461, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30150804

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to isolate, identify and quantify soluble free phenolics, conjugated acid-hydrolysable phenolics (AHP) and alkaline-hydrolysable phenolics, and bound phenolics (BP) fractions from two tomato varieties (saladette and grape) and an industrial tomato by-product, as well as, to determine their antioxidant capacity. Phenolic composition was determined using Folin-Ciocalteu's method and HPLC-DAD. AHP were predominant in grape and saladette tomato extracts (91.47 ± 17.28 mg gallic acid equivalents (GAE) per g dry extract (DE) and 57.41 ± 8.80 mg GAE per g DE, respectively), while BP form was predominant in tomato by-product (51.30 ± 10.91 GAE per g DE). AHP extract of grape tomato presented the highest antioxidant capacity by DPPH assay (252.35 ± 42.55 µmol trolox equiv (TE) per g DE). In the case of ORAC assay, AHP fractions from both grape (1005.19 ± 138.52 µmol TE per g DE) and saladette tomatoes (804.16 ± 131.45 µmol TE per g DE), and BP fraction from by-product (852.40 ± 71.46 µmol TE per g DE) showed the highest ORAC values. Caffeic acid was the most abundant phenolic acid and it was found mainly in its conjugated forms. Naringenin was the most abundant flavonoid and it was mainly detected in bound form. Our analysis allowed a better characterization of phenolic compounds in whole tomato and by-product, remarking the importance of the fractionation. The valorization of the industrial tomato by-product, through the use of its different fractions of phenolic antioxidant compounds, could generate additional income to the tomato industry and reduce the waste disposal problem.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30086648

RESUMO

Accumulation of myeloid cells in the liver, notably dendritic cells (DC) and monocytes/macrophages (MC), is a major component of the metainflammation of obesity. However, the mechanism(s) stimulating hepatic DC/MC infiltration remain ill-defined. Herein, we addressed the hypothesis that adipose tissue (AT) free fatty acids (FFA) play a central role in the initiation of hepatic DC/MC accumulation, using a number of mouse models of altered FFA supply to the liver. In two models of acute FFA elevation (lipid infusion and fasting) hepatic DC/MC and triglycerides (TG), but not AT DC/MC, were increased without altering plasma cytokines (PC; TNFα and MCP-1), and with variable effects on oxidative stress (OxS) markers. However, fasting in mice with profoundly reduced AT lipolysis (AAKO - AT-specific deletion of adipose triglyceride lipase), failed to elevate liver DC/MC, TG, or PC, but liver OxS increased. Livers of obese AAKO mice that are known to be resistant to steatosis were similarly protected from inflammation. In high-fat feeding studies of 1, 3, 6, or 20-week duration, liver DC/MC accumulation dissociated from PC and OxS, but tracked with liver TG. Furthermore, decreasing OxS by ~80% in obese mice failed to decrease liver DC/MC. Thus, FFA, and more specifically AT-derived FFA, stimulate hepatic DC/MC accumulation, thus recapitulating the pathology of the obese liver. In a number of cases the effects of FFA can be dissociated from OxS and PC, but match well with liver TG, a marker of FFA oversupply.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30087655

RESUMO

The CDKN2A/B genomic locus is associated with risk of human cancers and metabolic disease. Although the locus contains several important protein-coding genes, studies suggest disease roles for a lesser-known antisense lncRNA encoded at this locus, called ANRIL. ANRIL is a complex gene containing at least 21 exons in simians, with many reported linear and circular isoforms. Like other genes, abundance of ANRIL is regulated by epigenetics, classic transcription regulation, splicing, and post-transcriptional influences such as RNA stability and microRNAs. Known molecular functions of ANRIL include in cis and in trans gene regulation through chromatin modification complexes, and influence over microRNA signaling networks. Polymorphisms at the ANRIL gene are linked to risk for many different cancers, as well as risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, bone mass, obesity and type 2 diabetes. A broad array of variable reported impacts of polymorphisms on ANRIL abundance, splicing and function suggests that ANRIL has cell-type and context-dependent regulation and actions. In cancer cells, ANRIL gain of function increases proliferation, metastasis, cell survival and epithelial-mesenchymal transformation, whereas ANRIL loss of function decreases tumor size and growth, invasion and metastasis, and increases apoptosis and senescence. In metabolic disease, polymorphisms at the ANRIL gene are linked to risk of type 2 diabetes, coronary artery disease, coronary artery calcium score, myocardial infarction, and stroke. Intriguingly, with the exception of one polymorphism in exon 2 of ANRIL, the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with atherosclerosis and diabetes are non-overlapping. Evidence suggests that ANRIL gain of function increases atherosclerosis; in diabetes, a risk-SNP reduced the pancreatic beta cell proliferation index. Studies are limited by the uncertain relevance of rodent models to ANRIL studies, since most ANRIL exons do not exist in mouse. Diverse cell-type-dependent results suggest it is necessary to perform studies in the relevant primary human tissue for each disease. Much remains to be learned about the biology of ANRIL in human health and disease; this research area may lead to insight into disease mechanisms and therapeutic approaches.

20.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 2018 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30001893

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A recently occurring increase of the prevalence of haemoglobinopathies, ß-thalassaemia major (TM) and sickle cell disease (SCD) over the last two decades in our country has generated new needs in terms of medical resources for both prevention and treatment of these patients. Allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplant (allo-HSCT) is a curative treatment available for patients who have severe haemoglobinopathies. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the results of allo-HSCT in paediatric patients with TM or SCD performed in paediatric hematopoietic transplant units within the Spanish Group of Bone Marrow Transplantation in Children (GETMON). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective review of patients undergoing HSCT in the GETMON units until 2015. RESULTS: A total of 65 patients were analysed (43 patients were affected with TM and 22 with SCD), who received allo-HSCT in 6 GETMON units between November 1989 and December 2014. Event-free survival three years post-transplant was 81% and overall survival 92% in patients with TM. Event-free survival three years post-transplant was 79% and overall survival 85% in patients with SCD. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this series are comparable to the results of other international series and offer a platform from which to continue trying to improve the evolution of these patients.

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