Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 9 de 9
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Tipo de estudo
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Blood Cancer J ; 9(7): 52, 2019 06 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31209206

RESUMO

Follicular lymphoma (FL) is a heterogeneous disease whose pathogenesis remains partially unknown. Around 20% of FL patients experience early progression or treatment-refractory disease and 2-3% of patients per year experience histological transformation (HT) into a more aggressive lymphoma (tFL). Here, we evaluate the immunoglobulin heavy chain variable (IGHV) gene usage and mutational status in 187 FL cases to assess its impact on clinical outcome and histological transformation. The IGHV gene repertoire was remarkably biased in FL. The IGHV4-34 (14%), IGHV3-23 (14%), IGHV3-48 (10%), IGHV3-30 (9%) and IGHV3-21 (7%) genes accounted for more than half of the whole cohort. IGHV3-48 was overrepresented in cases of tFL (19%) compared with non-transformed FL at 5 years (5%, P = 0.05). Patients with the IGHV3-48 gene were significantly more likely to have had HT after 10 years than those who used other genes (71% vs. 25%, P < 0.05), irrespective of the therapy they received. Moreover, IGHV3-30 was also overrepresented in cases of FL (9%) and tFL (13%) compared with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in which it was nearly absent. In conclusion, our results indicate a role for antigen selection in the development of FL, while the use of IGHV3-48 could help predict histological transformation.

2.
Br J Haematol ; 185(3): 480-491, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30793290

RESUMO

The use of immunochemotherapy has improved the outcome of follicular lymphoma (FL). Recently, complete response at 30 months (CR30) has been suggested as a surrogate for progression-free survival. This study aimed to analyse the life expectancy of FL patients according to their status at 30 months from the start of treatment in comparison with the sex and age-matched Spanish general population (relative survival; RS). The training series comprised 263 patients consecutively diagnosed with FL in a 10-year period who needed therapy and were treated with rituximab-containing regimens. An independent cohort of 693 FL patients from the Grupo Español de Linfomas y Trasplante Autólogo de Médula Ósea (GELTAMO) group was used for validation. In the training cohort, 188 patients were in CR30, with a 10-year overall survival (OS) of 53% and 87% for non-CR30 and CR30 patients, respectively. Ten-year RS was 73% and 100%, showing no decrease in life expectancy for CR30 patients. Multivariate analysis indicated that the FL International Prognostic Index was the most important variable predicting OS in the CR30 group. The impact of CR30 status on RS was validated in the independent GELTAMO series. In conclusion, FL patients treated with immunochemotherapy who were in CR at 30 months showed similar survival to a sex- and age-matched Spanish general population.

4.
Lancet Haematol ; 5(8): e359-e367, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30078408

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Histological transformation of follicular lymphoma to aggressive lymphoma is a serious event with a substantial effect on patient outcome. The aim of the Aristotle study was to assess the effect of rituximab on the risk of histological transformation and its outcome. METHODS: 11 cooperative groups or institutions across Europe contributed data to this study. Eligible patients (≥18 years) had histologically confirmed follicular lymphoma grade 1, 2, or 3a, diagnosed between Jan 2, 1997, and Dec 20, 2013. Histological transformation was defined as a biopsy-proven aggressive lymphoma that occurred as a first event after first-line therapy. The primary endpoints were the cumulative hazard of histological transformation and survival after transformation. FINDINGS: Information was available for 10 001 patients with follicular lymphoma, 8116 of whom were eligible for analysis. 509 histological transformations were reported. After a median follow-up of 87 months (range 1-221; 2·5-97·5th percentile 5-160), the 10-year cumulative hazard of histological transformation was 7·7% (95% CI 6·9-8·5). The 10-year cumulative hazard of histological transformation was 5·2% (95% CI 4·5-6·2) in patients who received rituximab and 8·7% (7·2-10·6) in those who did not (hazard ratio [HR] 0·73, 95% CI 0·58-0·90; p=0·004). The 10-year cumulative hazard of histological transformation was 5·9% (95% CI 5·0-7·0) for patients who received induction rituximab only and 3·6% (95% CI 2·3-5·5) for those treated with induction and maintenance rituximab (HR 0·55, 95% CI 0·37-0·81; p=0·003). This finding was confirmed in a multivariate analysis (p=0·016). 287 deaths were recorded in 509 patients with histological transformation, resulting in a 10-year survival after transformation of 32% (95% CI 26-38). Survival after transformation did not differ between patients not exposed to rituximab and those who received rituximab in induction only (HR 0·94, 95% CI 0·69-1·28; p=0·70), and those who received rituximab in induction and maintenance (0·96, 0·58-1·61; p=0·88). INTERPRETATION: The risk of histological transformation as a first event can be significantly reduced by the use of rituximab. These findings support the need to inform patients using rituximab nowadays that the risk of transformation is lower than it was before the introduction of rituxumab. FUNDING: Associazione Angela Serra per la Ricerca sul Cancro, European Lymphoma Institute, European Hematology Association Lymphoma Group, Fondazione Italiana Linfomi, Spanish Group of Lymphoma and Bone Marrow Transplantation.


Assuntos
Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Rituximab/farmacologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
5.
Br J Haematol ; 178(5): 699-708, 2017 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28782811

RESUMO

The diagnostic criteria for follicular lymphoma (FL) transformation vary among the largest series, which commonly exclude histologically-documented transformation (HT) mandatorily. The aims of this retrospective observational multicentre study by the Spanish Grupo Español de Linfoma y Transplante Autólogo de Médula Ósea, which recruited 1734 patients (800 males/934 females; median age 59 years), diagnosed with FL grades 1-3A, were, (i) the cumulative incidence of HT (CI-HT); (ii) risk factors associated with HT; and (iii) the role of treatment and response on survival following transformation (SFT). With a median follow-up of 6·2 years, 106 patients developed HT. Ten-year CI-HT was 8%. Considering these 106 patients who developed HT, median time to transformation was 2·5 years. High-risk FL International Prognostic Index [Hazard ratio (HR) 2·6, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1·5-4·5] and non-response to first-line therapy (HR 2·9, 95% CI: 1·3-6·8) were associated with HT. Seventy out of the 106 patients died (5-year SFT, 26%). Response to HT first-line therapy (HR 5·3, 95% CI: 2·4-12·0), autologous stem cell transplantation (HR 3·9, 95% CI: 1·5-10·1), and revised International Prognostic Index (HR 2·2, 95% CI: 1·1-4·2) were significantly associated with SFT. Response to treatment and HT were the variables most significantly associated with survival in the rituximab era. Better therapies are needed to improve response. Inclusion of HT in clinical trials with new agents is mandatory.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/patologia , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/efeitos dos fármacos , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Espanha/epidemiologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
6.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 11: 253-264, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28176904

RESUMO

Plitidepsin is a cyclic depsipeptide that was first isolated from a Mediterranean marine tunicate (Aplidium albicans) and, at present, is manufactured by total synthesis and commercialized as Aplidin®. Its antitumor activity, observed in preclinical in vitro and in vivo studies has prompted numerous clinical trials to be conducted over the last 17 years, alone or in combination with other anticancer agents. Single-agent plitidepsin has shown limited antitumor activity and a tolerable safety profile in several malignancies, such as noncutaneous peripheral T-cell lymphoma, melanoma, and multiple myeloma. In patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, plitidepsin activity seems to be enhanced after addition of dexamethasone while remaining well tolerated, and a Phase III trial comparing plitidepsin plus dexamethasone vs dexamethasone alone is underway. Additional studies are required to better define the role of plitidepsin in combination with other active agents in these indications. Results of plitidepsin activity in other hematological malignancies or solid tumors have been disappointing so far. Further studies analyzing its mechanisms of action and potential biomarkers will help select patients who may benefit most from this drug. In this review, we critically analyze the published studies on plitidepsin in hematological malignancies and solid tumors and discuss its current role and future perspectives in treating these malignancies. We also review its design, pharmaceutical data, and mechanism of action.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/uso terapêutico , Depsipeptídeos/uso terapêutico , Desenho de Drogas , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Depsipeptídeos/síntese química , Depsipeptídeos/química , Humanos
8.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 58(5): 1144-1152, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27733075

RESUMO

Prognostic factors in Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) still fail to accurately identify high-risk patients. Tumor microenvironment in HL is a current focus of research for risk definition but few studies have focused on infiltrating lymphocytes. Here, we analyzed the number of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes by flow cytometry in diagnostic biopsies from 96 HL homogeneously treated patients with ABVD with or without radiotherapy. Most lymph node cells were lymphocytes (90 ± 17), with a median T/B/NK distribution of 74%/26%/0.7%, and CD4+ T-cell predominance. The amount of CD19+ B cells, and NK cells did not show association with disease features. However, high numbers of CD8+ and CD4+ cells were associated with better and poorer outcomes, respectively. Patients with ≥15% cytotoxic CD8+ cells among the total cell population had a longer 10-year freedom from treatment failure (FFTF) (93% vs. 73%, p=.04). In turn, cases with ≥75% of CD4+ infiltrating cells showed a significantly decreased FFTF (73% vs. 96%, p=.021). Consequently, CD4/CD8 ratio ≥5 associated with a poorer 10-year FFTF (69.5% vs. 94%, p=.02). This deleterious effect was particularly prominent in advanced disease (n = 58, p=.01). In multivariate analysis, a CD4/CD8 ratio ≥5 was the only independent variable to predict for treatment failure (HR = 4.5, 95% confidence interval, 1.2-16.8). In conclusion, our study shows that high CD4+ and low CD8+ T-cells infiltrates of tumor specimens associate with poor prognosis in HL patients, and CD4/CD8 ratio might be potentially useful for tailoring therapy.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin/imunologia , Doença de Hodgkin/mortalidade , Linfonodos/imunologia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores , Bleomicina/efeitos adversos , Bleomicina/uso terapêutico , Relação CD4-CD8 , Criança , Dacarbazina/efeitos adversos , Dacarbazina/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfonodos/metabolismo , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/metabolismo , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Fenótipo , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Vimblastina/efeitos adversos , Vimblastina/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
9.
Case Rep Hematol ; 2016: 3947510, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27867670

RESUMO

We report a patient who developed up to three different lymphomas with the same clonal IGH rearrangement. She was first diagnosed of splenic zone marginal lymphoma and relapsed for the first time with Hodgkin lymphoma histology and later with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma histology. Subsequent biopsies and analysis of clonally rearranged IGH genes helped to elucidate the clonal relationship between the three histologies and to confirm a common origin from the three tissue histologies. An integrated diagnosis should always be performed in order to achieve the most accurate diagnosis and be able to choose the best therapeutic options for our patients.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA