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1.
JACC Heart Fail ; 7(10): 834-845, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521676

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated whether systemic corticosteroids (new onset) administered to patients with acute heart failure (AHF) have any association with outcomes, with differentiated analyses for patients with and without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) as a comorbidity. BACKGROUND: Patients with undiagnosed dyspnea frequently receive corticosteroids in emergency departments while determining a final diagnosis, but their effect on the outcomes of patients with AHF without overt COPD exacerbation is unknown. METHODS: We selected patients with AHF from the EAHFE (Epidemiology of Acute Heart Failure in the Emergency Departments) registry, recording key data (new-onset corticosteroid therapy, COPD condition). Patients with and without COPD were analyzed separately. We calculated unadjusted and adjusted ratios for corticosteroid-treated compared with corticosteroid-untreated patients for 2 coprimary endpoints: 90-day all-cause mortality (from index episode) and 90-day post-discharge combined endpoint (all-cause mortality or readmission for AHF), with intermediate time-point estimations. Other secondary endpoints were calculated, and some sensitive and stratified analyses were performed. RESULTS: We analyzed 11,356 patients: 8,635 without COPD (841 corticosteroid-treated, 9.7%) and 2,721 with COPD (753 corticosteroid-treated, 27.7%). There were several differences between treated and untreated patients, essentially because corticosteroid-treated patients were sicker. Although unadjusted outcomes were worse in corticosteroid-treated patients, especially in patients without COPD, these differences disappeared after adjustment: hazard ratios for 90-day mortality (without/with COPD) were 0.91 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.76 to 1.10)/0.99 (95% CI: 0.78 to 1.26), and 1.09 (95% CI: 0.93 to 1.28)/1.02 (95% CI: 0.86 to 1.21) for the post-discharge combined endpoint. Analyses of intermediate time-point coprimary endpoints and secondary outcomes rendered similar estimations. Sensitivity and stratified analysis did not significantly modify these results. CONCLUSIONS: There is no evidence of harm related to the new onset of systemic corticosteroid therapy during an episode of AHF, either in patients with or without concomitant COPD.

2.
Eur J Intern Med ; 65: 69-77, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31076345

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the prevalence and impact of risk of malnutrition on short-term mortality among seniors presenting with acute heart failure (AHF) in emergency setting. The objective was to determine the impact of risk of malnutrition on 30-day mortality risk among older patients who attended in Emergency Departments (EDs) for AHF. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of the OAK-3 Registry including all consecutive patients ≥65 years attending in 16 Spanish EDs for AHF. Risk of malnutrition was defined by the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF) < 12 points. Unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression models were used to assess the association between risk of malnutrition and 30-day mortality. RESULTS: We included 749 patients (mean age: 85 (SD 6); 55.8% females). Risk of malnutrition was observed in 594 (79.3%) patients. The rate of 30-day mortality was 8.8%. After adjusting for MEESSI-AHF risk score clinical categories (model 1) and after adding all variables showing a significantly different distribution among groups (model 2), the risk of malnutrition was an independent factor associated with 30-day mortality (adjusted OR by model 1 = 3.4; 95%CI 1.2-9.7; p = .020 and adjusted OR by model 2 = 3.1; 95%CI 1.1-9.0; p = .033) compared to normal nutritional status. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of malnutrition assessed by the MNA-SF is associated with 30-day mortality in older patients with AHF who were attended in EDs. Routine screening of risk of malnutrition may help emergency physicians in decision-making and establishing a care plan.

3.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 112(6-7): 390-399, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31014989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The absence of cardiac troponin (cTn) determination in an episode of acute heart failure (AHF) is frequent. The characteristics of these patients are not well known; nor is it known whether they have a better prognosis than patients in whom cTn is determined. AIM: The objective of the EAHFE-TROPICA3 study was to analyse the characteristics of patients consulting for AHF in whom cTn was not determined (nocTn), and to evaluate the relationship of cTn determination (wcTn) with patient outcomes. METHODS: This was an analysis of the multipurpose prospective EAHFE registry of patients with AHF consulting at the emergency departments of 34 Spanish hospitals. RESULTS: Data from 8850 patients with AHF were analysed; cTn was not determined in 4216 of these patients (47.6%), who had a lower prevalence of ischaemic heart disease, more frequent use of loop diuretics at baseline, a greater rate of oedema in the acute episode, more frequent history of heart failure, and less use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or aldosterone receptor antagonists and beta-blockers at baseline. Compared with the wcTn group, the nocTn group had the same in-hospital mortality (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 1.21, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.98-1.50), mortality at 30 days (adjusted OR 1.07, 95% CI 0.90-1.28) and reconsultation at 30 days (adjusted OR 0.90, 95% CI 0.80-1.02). CONCLUSIONS: Patients presenting with AHF with and without cTn determination have different characteristics. These differences are not related to a better prognosis.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Troponina/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Nível de Saúde , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Espanha , Fatores de Tempo
4.
Crit Pathw Cardiol ; 18(1): 10-15, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30747759

RESUMO

The TRAPID-AMI (High Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin T assay for rapid Rule-out of Acute Myocardial Infarction) study evaluated a rapid "rule-out" acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We evaluated what symptoms were associated with AMI as part of a substudy of TRAPID-AMI. There were 1282 patients evaluated from 12 centers in Europe, the United States of America, and Australia from 2011 to 2013. Multiple symptom variables were prospectively obtained and evaluated for association with the final diagnosis of AMI. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was done, and odds ratios (OR) were calculated. There were 213/1282 (17%) AMIs. Four independent predictors for the diagnosis of AMI were identified: radiation to right arm or shoulder [OR = 3.0; confidence interval (CI): 1.8-5.0], chest pressure (OR = 2.5; CI: 1.3-4.6), worsened by physical activity (OR = 1.7; CI: 1.2-2.5), and radiation to left arm or shoulder (OR = 1.7; CI: 1.1-2.4). In the entire group, 131 (10%) had radiation to right arm or shoulder, 897 (70%) had chest pressure, 385 (30%) worsened with physical activity, and 448 (35%) had radiation to left arm or shoulder. Duration of symptoms was not predictive of AMI. There were no symptoms predictive of non-AMI. Relationship between AMI size and symptoms was also studied. For 213 AMI patients, cardiac troponins I values were divided into 4 quartiles. Symptoms including pulling chest pain, supramammillary right location, and right arm/shoulder radiation were significantly more likely to occur in patients with larger AMIs. In a large multicenter trial, only 4 symptoms were associated with the diagnosis of AMI, and no symptoms that were associated with a non-AMI diagnosis.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Troponina/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Eletrocardiografia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
5.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 108(6): 622-633, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30426240

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate whether the presence of atrial fibrillation (AF) is independently associated with adverse short-term outcomes in patients diagnosed with acute heart failure (AHF) in the emergency department (ED). METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of patients included in the EAHFE registries 4&5. Patients were divided by the presence of sinus rhythm (SR) or AF at ED arrival. The primary outcome was 30-day all-cause mortality. Secondary outcomes included the 30-day post-discharge combined endpoint of ED revisit or hospitalisation due to AHF and all-cause mortality. We recorded 54 independent variables that can affect outcomes. Cox regression was used to investigate adjusted significant associations between AF and outcomes. Analyses were repeated according to whether AF was previously known and whether AF was considered responsible for the AHF episode. RESULTS: We analysed 6045 ED visits (mean age 80.4 years, 55.9% women), 3644 (60.3%) with AF. The cumulative 30-day mortality was 9.4%, and the adverse combined endpoint (ACE) was 25.9% (ED revisit with and without hospitalisation were 16.5 and 8.9% and death occurred in 4.7%). No differences were found in outcomes of AHF patients with SR and AF, and among the latter group, no differences were found depending on whether AF was considered responsible for the AHF episode. Patients with previously known AF had significantly lower 30-day mortality and higher post-discharge ACE rates, although these differences disappeared after adjustment for confounders HR 0.782, 95% CI 0.590-1.037, p = 0.087; and HR 1.131, 95% CI 0.924-1.385, p = 0.234). CONCLUSION: The coexistence of AF does not impact the short-term outcomes of patients diagnosed with AHF in the ED.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/mortalidade , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Comorbidade , Eletrocardiografia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo
6.
Emergencias (Sant Vicenç dels Horts) ; 30(3): 149-155, jun. 2018. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-172955

RESUMO

Objetivos. Estudiar el impacto de las variables geriátricas en la mortalidad a 30 días entre los ancianos con insuficiencia cardiaca aguda (ICA). Método. Análisis retrospectivo del registro Older Acute heart failure Key data (OAK) que incluye prospectivamente a pacientes consecutivos 65 años con ICA en 3 servicios de urgencias españoles durante 4 meses (noviembre-diciembre 2011 y enero-febrero 2014). Se realizó una valoración geriátrica adaptada a urgencias durante los días laborales de 8 am a 10 pm. Se recogieron variables demográficas, clínicas, analíticas y geriátricas (comorbilidad, polifarmacia, fragilidad, situación basal funcional, cognitiva y social, despistaje de síndrome confusional, deterioro cognitivo y depresión, y situación nutricional). La variable de resultado fue la mortalidad por cualquier causa a los 30 días. Resultados. Se incluyeron 565 pacientes con edad media 83 años (DE 7,1), 346 mujeres (61,6%). Sesenta y cinco sujetos (11,5%) fallecieron a los 30 días. La presencia de síndrome confusional agudo (OR ajustada = 2,2; IC95% 1,0-4,8; p = 0,04), de enfermedad aguda (OR ajustada = 1,8; IC95% 0,9-3,4; p = 0,05) o pérdida de apetito (OR ajustada = 1,8; IC95% 1-3,4; p = 0,04) en los últimos 3 meses, y de fragilidad (OR ajustada = 2,0; IC95% 1,0-4,1; p = 0,05) o dependencia funcional grave (OR ajustada = 4,4; IC95% 1,9-11,4; p = 0,01) fueron factores independientes asociados con mortalidad a los 30 días. Conclusiones. Existen ciertas variables geriátricas que debieran contemplarse en la estratificación de riesgo a corto plazo de los pacientes ancianos con ICA


Objective. To study the impact of geriatric assessment variables on 30-day mortality among older patients with acute heart failure (AHF). Methods. Retrospective analysis of cases in the OAK Registry (Older Acute Heart Failure Key Data), a prospectively compiled database of consecutive patients aged 65 years or older treated for AHF in 3 Spanish emergency departments over a 4-month period (November-December 2011 and January-February 2014). The patients underwent a geriatric assessment adapted for emergency department use on weekdays between 8 AM and 10 PM. Demographic, clinical, laboratory, and geriatric assessment variables were recorded. The geriatric variables were concurrent diseases; polypharmacy; frailty; functional, social, and cognitive status at baseline; results of screening for confusional state, cognitive impairment, and depression; and nutritional status. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality at 30 days. Results. We included 565 patients with a mean (SD) age of 83 (7.1) years; 346 (61.6%) were women. Sixty-five (11.5%) died within 30 days. Independent factors associated with 30-day mortality were acute confusional state (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 2.2; 95% CI, 1.0–4.8; P=.04), acute illness (aOR, 1.8; 95% CI, 0.9–3.4; P=.05), loss of appetite in the past 3 months (aOR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.0–3.4; P=.04), frailty (aOR, 2.0, 95% CI, 1.0–4.1; P=.05), and severe disability (aOR, 4.4; 95% CI, 1.9–11.4; P=.01). Conclusions. Certain geriatric variables should be considered when assessing short-term risk in older patients with AHF


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Avaliação Geriátrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Transtornos Cognitivos/epidemiologia , Doença Aguda/epidemiologia , Indicadores de Morbimortalidade , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Delírio/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Idoso Fragilizado/estatística & dados numéricos , Múltiplas Afecções Crônicas/epidemiologia , Polimedicação
7.
Emergencias ; 30(3): 149-155, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29687668

RESUMO

OBJETIVE: To study the impact of geriatric assessment variables on 30-day mortality among older patients with acute heart failure (AHF). METHODS: Retrospective analysis of cases in the OAK Registry (Older Acute Heart Failure Key Data), a prospectively compiled database of consecutive patients aged 65 years or older treated for AHF in 3 Spanish emergency departments over a 4-month period (November-December 2011 and January-February 2014). The patients underwent a geriatric assessment adapted for emergency department use on weekdays between 8 AM and 10 PM. Demographic, clinical, laboratory, and geriatric assessment variables were recorded. The geriatric variables were concurrent diseases; polypharmacy; frailty; functional, social, and cognitive status at baseline; results of screening for confusional state, cognitive impairment, and depression; and nutritional status. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality at 30 days. RESULTS: We included 565 patients with a mean (SD) age of 83 (7.1) years; 346 (61.6%) were women. Sixty-five (11.5%) died within 30 days. Independent factors associated with 30-day mortality were acute confusional state (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 2.2; 95% CI, 1.0­4.8; P=.04), acute illness (aOR, 1.8; 95% CI, 0.9­3.4; P=.05), loss of appetite in the past 3 months (aOR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.0­3.4; P=.04), frailty (aOR, 2.0, 95% CI, 1.0­4.1; P=.05), and severe disability (aOR, 4.4; 95% CI, 1.9­11.4; P=.01). CONCLUSIONS: Certain geriatric variables should be considered when assessing short-term risk in older patients with AHF.


Assuntos
Avaliação Geriátrica , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Atividades Cotidianas , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Idoso Fragilizado , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Nutricional , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
8.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 107(8): 698-710, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29594372

RESUMO

AIMS: To compare short-term outcomes after an episode of acute heart failure (AHF) in patients with reduced and preserved ejection fractions (HFrEF, < 40%; and HFpEF, > 49%; respectively) according to their destinations after emergency department (ED) care. METHODS AND RESULTS: This secondary analysis of the EAHFE Registry (consecutive AHF patients diagnosed in 41 Spanish EDs) investigated 30-day all-cause mortality, in-hospital all-cause mortality, prolonged hospitalisation (> 7 days), and 30-day post-discharge ED revisit due to AHF, all-cause death, and combined endpoint (ED revisit/death) in 5829 patients with echocardiographically documented HFrEF and HfpEF (HFrEF/HFpEF: 1,442/4,387). Adjusted ratios were calculated for patients admitted to internal medicine (IM), short stay unit (SSU), and discharged from the ED without hospitalisation (DEDWH) and compared with those admitted to cardiology. For HFrEF, the only significant differences were lower in-hospital mortality (OR = 0.26; 95% CI 0.08-0.81; p = 0.021) and prolonged hospitalisation (OR = 0.07; 95% CI 0.04-0.13; p < 0.001) related to SSU admission. For HFpEF, IM admission had a higher post-discharge 30-day mortality (HR = 1.85; 95% CI 1.05-3.25; p = 0.033) and combined endpoint (HR = 1.24; 95% CI 1.01-1.64; p = 0.044); SSU admission had a lower in-hospital mortality (OR = 0.43; 95% CI 0.23-0.80; p = 0.008) and prolonged hospitalisation (OR = 0.17; 95% CI 0.13-0.23; p < 0.001) but a higher post-discharge 30-day combined endpoint (HR = 1.29; 95% CI 1.01-1.64; p = 0.041); and DEDDWH had a lower 30-day mortality (HR = 0.46; 95% CI 0.28-0.75; p = 0.002) but higher post-discharge ED revisit (HR = 1.62; 95% CI 1.31-2.00; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: While HFrEF patients have similar short-term outcomes irrespective of the destination after ED care for an AHF episode, HFpEF patients present worse short-term outcomes when managed by non-cardiology departments, despite adjustment for different clinical patient profiles. Reasons for this heterogeneous specialty-related performance should be investigated.


Assuntos
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Sistema de Registros , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causas de Morte/tendências , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Admissão do Paciente , Espanha/epidemiologia , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo
10.
PLoS One ; 12(11): e0187662, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29121105

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The 1-hour (h) algorithm triages patients presenting with suspected acute myocardial infarction (AMI) to the emergency department (ED) towards "rule-out," "rule-in," or "observation," depending on baseline and 1-h levels of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn). The economic consequences of applying the accelerated 1-h algorithm are unknown. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We performed a post-hoc economic analysis in a large, diagnostic, multicenter study of hs-cTnT using central adjudication of the final diagnosis by two independent cardiologists. Length of stay (LoS), resource utilization (RU), and predicted diagnostic accuracy of the 1-h algorithm compared to standard of care (SoC) in the ED were estimated. The ED LoS, RU, and accuracy of the 1-h algorithm was compared to that achieved by the SoC at ED discharge. Expert opinion was sought to characterize clinical implementation of the 1-h algorithm, which required blood draws at ED presentation and 1h, after which "rule-in" patients were transferred for coronary angiography, "rule-out" patients underwent outpatient stress testing, and "observation" patients received SoC. Unit costs were for the United Kingdom, Switzerland, and Germany. The sensitivity and specificity for the 1-h algorithm were 87% and 96%, respectively, compared to 69% and 98% for SoC. The mean ED LoS for the 1-h algorithm was 4.3h-it was 6.5h for SoC, which is a reduction of 33%. The 1-h algorithm was associated with reductions in RU, driven largely by the shorter LoS in the ED for patients with a diagnosis other than AMI. The estimated total costs per patient were £2,480 for the 1-h algorithm compared to £4,561 for SoC, a reduction of up to 46%. CONCLUSIONS: The analysis shows that the use of 1-h algorithm is associated with reduction in overall AMI diagnostic costs, provided it is carefully implemented in clinical practice. These results need to be prospectively validated in the future.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Análise Química do Sangue , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/economia , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Triagem/economia , Troponina T/sangue , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Humanos , Longevidade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
11.
Emergencias ; 29(4): 237-244, 2017 07.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28825278

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the diagnostic yield of a high-sensitivity copeptin (hs-copep) assay alone or in combination with a high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnt) assay for the diagnosis of non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEMI) in patients with chest pain in the emergency department (ED). The secondary aim was to assess the 1-year prognostic utility of these biomarkers in this clinical context. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective observational study of a series of patients attended for chest pain suggesting myocardial ischemia in 5 Spanish ED. The first blood drawn in the ED was used for hs-copep and hs-cTnt assays, which were processed in a single laboratory serving all centers. Diagnostic utility was assessed by sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values and likelihood ratios, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). We also performed a separate analysis with data for the subgroup of patients with early detection of symptoms (3 h of onset of symptoms). We recorded complications, mortality or reinfarction occurring within a year of the index event. RESULTS: We included 297 patients; 63 (21.2%) with NSTEMI. The median age was 69 years (interquartile range, 70-76 years), and 199 (67%) were men. The ROC was 0.89 (95% CI, 0.85-0.94) for the hs-cTnt assay, 0.58 (95% CI, 0.51-0.66) for the hscopep assay, and 0.90 (95% CI, 0.86-0.94) for the 2 assays combined. The ROC for the 2 assays combined was not significantly better than the ROC for the hs-cTnt by itself (P=.89). We saw the same pattern of results when we analyzed the subgroup of patients who presented early. Sixty percent of the complications occurred in patients with elevated findings on both assays. Elevated hs-copep findings did not provide prognostic information that was not already provided by hs-cTnt findings (P=.56). CONCLUSION: The hs-copep assay does not increase the diagnostic or prognostic yield already provided by the hs-cTnt assay in patients suspected of myocardial infarction in the ED.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Glicopeptídeos/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Área Sob a Curva , Biomarcadores , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Troponina T/sangue
12.
Am J Cardiol ; 120(7): 1151-1157, 2017 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28826899

RESUMO

The objectives were to determine the impact of frailty and disability on 30-day mortality and whether the addition of these variables to HFRSS EFFECT risk score (FBI-EFFECT model) improves the short-term mortality predictive capacity of both HFRSS EFFECT and BI-EFFECT models in older patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) atended in the emergency department. We performed a retrospective analysis of OAK Registry including all consecutive patients ≥65 years old with ADHF attended in 3 Spanish emergency departments over 4 months. FBI-EFFECT model was developed by adjusting probabilities of HFRSS EFFECT risk categories according to the 6 groups (G1: non frail, no or mildly dependent; G2: frail, no or mildly dependent; G3: non frail, moderately dependent; G4: frail, moderately dependent; G5: severely dependent; G6: very severely dependent).We included 596 patients (mean age: 83 [SD7]; 61.2% females). The 30-day mortality was 11.6% with statistically significant differences in the 6 groups (p < 0.001). After adjusting for HFRSS EFFECT risk categories, we observed a progressive increase in hazard ratios from groups G2 to G6 compared with G1 (reference). FBI-EFFECT had a better prognostic accuracy than did HFRSS EFFECT (log-rank p < 0.001; Net Reclassification Improvement [NRI] = 0.355; p < 0.001; Integrated Discrimination Improvement [IDI] = 0.052; p ;< 0.001) and BI-EFFECT (log-rank p = 0.067; NRI = 0.210; p = 0.033; IDI = 0.017; p = 0.026). In conclusion, severe disability and frailty in patients with moderate disability are associated with 30-day mortality in ADHF, providing additional value to HFRSS EFFECT model in predicting short-term prognosis and establishing a care plan.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso Fragilizado/estatística & dados numéricos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/reabilitação , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo
13.
Emergencias (St. Vicenç dels Horts) ; 29(4): 237-244, ago. 2017. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-165028

RESUMO

Objetivo. Estudio fue evaluar la capacidad diagnóstica de la copeptina de elevada sensibilidad (copep-es), de forma aislada o conjuntamente con troponina cardiaca T de elevada sensibilidad (Tnc T-es), en el diagnóstico de infarto agudo de miocardio sin elevación del segmento ST (IAMSEST) en los pacientes atendidos por dolor torácico con sospecha de infarto de miocardio en los servicios de urgencias (SU), y seguidamente la capacidad pronóstica a los 12 meses. Método. Estudio observacional retrospectivo de una serie de pacientes atendidos por dolor torácico sugestivo de isquemia miocárdica en 5 SU españoles. Se midieron centralizadamente copep-es y Tnc T-es en la primera muestra sanguínea extraída a la llegada al SU. El rendimiento diagnóstico se evaluó mediante la sensibilidad, la especificidad, los valores predictivos, las razones de verosimilitud, y el área bajo la curva (ABC) de la característica operativa del receptor (COR). Se realizó un análisis separado en el subgrupo de pacientes con presentación precoz (< 3 h desde el inicio de los síntomas). Se registraron las complicaciones, mortalidad o reinfarto, ocurridas a los 12 meses desde el evento índice. Resultados. Se incluyeron 297 pacientes. Se diagnosticaron 63 (21,2%) IAMSEST. La mediana de edad fue 69 (RIC 70- 76) y 199 (67%) fueron varones. Las ABC COR fueron 0,89 (IC 95% 0,85-0,94) para Tnc T-es, 0,58 (IC 95% 0,51- 0,66) para copep-es y 0,90 (IC 95% 0,86-0,94) para la determinación conjunta. El ABC COR de la medida conjunta no mejoró a la de Tnc T-es aislada (p = 0,89). El análisis de los pacientes con presentación precoz mostró el mismo patrón de resultados. Un 60% de las complicaciones ocurrió en los pacientes con ambos biomarcadores elevados. Los incrementos aislados de copep-es no aportaron información pronóstica adicional a la proporcionada por Tnc T-es (p = 0,56). Conclusión. La medida de copep-es no mejora el valor diagnóstico o pronóstico de la Tnc T-es en los pacientes con sospecha de IAMSEST atendidos en los SU (AU)


Objectives. To assess the diagnostic yield of a high-sensitivity copeptin (hs-copep) assay alone or in combination with a high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnt) assay for the diagnosis of non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEMI) in patients with chest pain in the emergency department (ED). The secondary aim was to assess the 1-year prognostic utility of these biomarkers in this clinical context. Material and methods. Retrospective observational study of a series of patients attended for chest pain suggesting myocardial ischemia in 5 Spanish ED. The first blood drawn in the ED was used for hs-copep and hs-cTnt assays, which were processed in a single laboratory serving all centers. Diagnostic utility was assessed by sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values and likelihood ratios, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). We also performed a separate analysis with data for the subgroup of patients with early detection of symptoms (3 h of onset of symptoms). We recorded complications, mortality or reinfarction occurring within a year of the index event. Results. We included 297 patients; 63 (21.2%) with NSTEMI. The median age was 69 years (interquartile range, 70-76 years), and 199 (67%) were men. The ROC was 0.89 (95% CI, 0.85-0.94) for the hs-cTnt assay, 0.58 (95% CI, 0.51-0.66) for the hscopep assay, and 0.90 (95% CI, 0.86-0.94) for the 2 assays combined. The ROC for the 2 assays combined was not significantly better than the ROC for the hs-cTnt by itself (P=.89). We saw the same pattern of results when we analyzed the subgroup of patients who presented early. Sixty percent of the complications occurred in patients with elevated findings on both assays. Elevated hs-copep findings did not provide prognostic information that was not already provided by hs-cTnt findings (P=.56). Conclusion. The hs-copep assay does not increase the diagnostic or prognostic yield already provided by the hs-cTnt assay in patients suspected of myocardial infarction in the ED (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Troponina T/análise , Arginina Vasopressina/análise , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Biomarcadores/análise , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28167641

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The TRAPID-AMI trial study (High-Sensitivity Troponin-T Assay for Rapid Rule-Out of Acute Myocardial Infarction) evaluated high-sensitivity cardiac troponin-T (hs-cTnT) in a 1-hour acute myocardial infarction (AMI) exclusion algorithm. Our study objective was to evaluate the prognostic utility of a modified HEART score (m-HS) within this trial. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twelve centers evaluated 1282 patients in the emergency department for possible AMI from 2011 to 2013. Measurements of hs-cTnT (99th percentile, 14 ng/L) were performed at 0, 1, 2, and 4 to 14 hours. Evaluation for major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) occurred at 30 days (death or AMI). Low-risk patients had an m-HS≤3 and had either hs-cTnT<14 ng/L over serial testing or had AMI excluded by the 1-hour protocol. By the 1-hour protocol, 777 (60%) patients had an AMI excluded. Of those 777 patients, 515 (66.3%) patients had an m-HS≤3, with 1 (0.2%) patient having a MACE, and 262 (33.7%) patients had an m-HS≥4, with 6 (2.3%) patients having MACEs (P=0.007). Over 4 to 14 hours, 661 patients had a hs-cTnT<14 ng/L. Of those 661 patients, 413 (62.5%) patients had an m-HS≤3, with 1 (0.2%) patient having a MACE, and 248 (37.5%) patients had an m-HS≥4, with 5 (2.0%) patients having MACEs (P=0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Serial testing of hs-cTnT over 1 hour along with application of an m-HS identified a low-risk population that might be able to be directly discharged from the emergency department.


Assuntos
Angina Pectoris/diagnóstico , Serviço Hospitalar de Cardiologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Troponina T/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Algoritmos , Angina Pectoris/sangue , Angina Pectoris/etiologia , Angina Pectoris/mortalidade , Austrália , Biomarcadores/sangue , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Alta do Paciente , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos , Regulação para Cima
15.
Biomarkers ; 22(3-4): 337-344, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27879165

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the use of different cardiac troponin (cTn) immunoassays and the prognostic value of increased cTn values in patients diagnosed with acute heart failure (AHF) in the emergency department (ED). METHOD: The epidemiology acute heart failure emergency-TROPonin in acute heart failure2 (EAHFE-TROPICA2) is a retrospective study including patients with AHF admitted in 34 Spanish EDs with cTn values determined in the ED. We studied the prevalence of elevated troponin (value above the established reference limit) for the different types of troponin. We also assessed crude and adjusted primary (1-year all-cause death) and secondary (30 d ED revisit due to AHF) outcomes for every type of cTn and different magnitudes of troponin elevation. RESULTS: We analysed 4705 episodes of AHF. Troponin was elevated in 48.4% of the cases (25.3% in cTnI, 37.9% in cTnT and 82.2% in hs-cTnT). Mortality at one year was higher in patients with elevated troponin (adjusted HR 1.61; CI 95% 1.38-1.88) regardless of the type of cTn determined. Elevated troponin was not related to ED revisit within 30 d after discharge (1.01; 0.87-1.19). CONCLUSIONS: The use of conventional troponin in the ED is useful to predict one-year mortality in patients with AHF. Highly sensitive cTnT (hs-cTnT) elevations less than double the reference value have no impact on patient outcome.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Troponina/sangue , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Eur J Emerg Med ; 24(5): 326-332, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26771890

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between BMI and outcome of acute heart failure (AHF). METHODS: We carried out a secondary analysis of the Epidemiology of Acute Heart Failure in Emergency department Registry (prospective, multicenter registry following a cohort of AHF patients from 34 Spanish emergency departments). Follow-up was at 3 months and 1 year after enrolment over the telephone and included medical history review. We analyzed revisits to the emergency department and death in relation to BMI. Significant differences were analyzed using proportional risk models including data on demographic variables, basal status, the acute episode, and patient outcome. RESULTS: We included 1562 patients: low weight 1.3%, normal weight 26.1%, overweight 45.3%, obese 24.3%, and morbidly obese 3.1%. BMI was inversely associated with mortality (P<0.001) but not with revisit (P=0.70). Compared with patients with normal weight, the proportional risk of death among patients with low weight was increased [hazard ratio (HR) 1.75, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.95-3.23], being reduced in overweight, obese and morbidly obese patients (HR 0.72, 95% CI 0.59-0.89; HR 0.75, 95% CI 0.58-0.96; and HR 0.42, 95% CI 0.20-0.85, respectively). These differences disappeared after adjusting the model for confounding factors and other predictive variables of mortality. CONCLUSION: BMI seems to be related to AHF and death, although this relationship disappeared on considering other prognostic factors and confounding variables. This finding limits the use of BMI by emergency physicians when estimating the risk of emergency department reconsultation or death in AHF patients.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/mortalidade , Sobrepeso/complicações , Sobrepeso/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Magreza/complicações , Magreza/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Acad Emerg Med ; 24(3): 298-307, 2017 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27797432

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the effect of frailty on risk of 30-day mortality in nonseverely disabled older patients with acute heart failure (AHF) attended in emergency departments (EDs). METHODOLOGY: The Frailty-AHF Study is a retrospective analysis of a multicenter, observational, prospective, cohort study (Older-AHF Register). This study included consecutive patients ≥ 65 years of age without severe functional dependence or dementia attended for AHF in three Spanish EDs for 4 months. Frailty was defined by frailty phenotype as the presence of three or more domains. Baseline and episode characteristics and 30-day mortality were collected in all the patients. RESULTS: A total of 465 patients with a mean (±SD) age of 82 (±7) years were included, 283 (61.0%) being female and 225 (51.3%) with severe comorbidity (Charlson index ≥ 3). Frailty was present in 169 (36.3%). The rate of 30-day mortality was 7.3%. Frailty adjusted for potential confounding factors was an independent factor associated with 30-day mortality (adjusted hazard ratio = 2.5; 95% confidence interval = 1.0 to 6.0; p = 0.047). CONCLUSION: The presence of frailty is an independent risk factor of 30-day mortality in nonsevere dependent older patients attended with AHF in EDs.


Assuntos
Idoso Fragilizado , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Emergencias (St. Vicenç dels Horts) ; 28(6): 366-374, dic. 2016. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-158776

RESUMO

Objetivo. Identificar factores asociados a un tiempo de estancia hospitalaria (TDEH) corto en pacientes ingresados por insuficiencia cardiaca aguda (ICA) en hospitales con unidad de corta estancia (UCE). Método. Estudio de cohorte multipropósito y multicéntrico no intervencionista, con seguimiento prospectivo de pacientes con ICA ingresados en 10 hospitales españoles con UCE. Se recogieron variables demográficas, antecedentes personales, situación basal cardiorrespiratoria y funcional, de urgencias, del ingreso y de seguimiento a 30 días. La variable resultado fue un TDEH corto (_ 4 días). Se realizaron curvas de rendimiento diagnóstico (ROC) de modelos simples y mixtos predictivos de TDEH corto y se calculó el área bajo la curva (ABC) de la característica operativa del receptor (COR). Resultados. Se incluyeron 1.359 pacientes con una edad 78,7 (DE: 9,9) años, el 53,9% mujeres, 568 (41,8%) tuvieron un TDE de 4 o menos días. Ingresaron 590 pacientes (43,4%) en UCE y 769 (56,6%) en salas de hospitalización convencional. En el modelo de regresión mixto ajustado al centro, la crisis hipertensiva (OR 1,79, IC 95%: 1,17-2,73; p = 0,007) y el ingresar en UCE (OR 16,6, IC95%: 10,0-33,3; p < 0,001) se asociaron a TDEH corto, y la ICA hipotensiva (OR 0,49, IC 95%: 0,26-0,91; p = 0,025), la hipoxemia, (OR 0,68, IC 95%: 0,53-0,88; p = 0,004) e ingresar en miércoles, jueves o viernes (OR 0,62, IC 95%: 0,49-0,77; p < 0,001) a TDEH largo. El ABC COR del modelo mixto ajustada al centro fue 0,827 (IC 95%: 0,80-0,85; p < 0,001). La mortalidad a 30 días y el reingreso a 30 días no difirieron entre ambos grupos (0,5% frente a 0,5%, p = 0,959; y 22,9% frente a 27,7%, p = 0,059, respectivamente). Conclusiones. En pacientes con ICA existen factores clínicos y organizativos en cada centro que se relacionan de forma independiente con un TDEH corto, entre los que destaca el tener una UCE (AU)


Objective. To identify factors associated with short hospital stays for patients admitted with acute heart failure (AHF) admitted to hospitals with short-stay units (SSU). Methods. Multicenter nonintervention study in a multipurpose cohort of patients with AHF to 10 Spanish hospitals with short-stay units; patients were followed prospectively. We recorded demographic data, medical histories, baseline cardiorespiratory and function variables on arrival in the emergency department, on admission, and at 30 days. The outcome variable was a short hospital stay (_ 4 days). We built receiver operating characteristic curves of simple and mixed predictive models for short stays and calculated the area under the curves. Results. A total of 1359 patients with a mean (SD) age of 78.7 (9.9) years (53.9% women) were included; 568 (41.8%) had short stays. Five hundred ninety patients (43.4%) were admitted to SSU and 769 (56.6%) were admitted to conventional wards. The variables associated with a short-stay according to the mixed regression model were hypertensive crisis (odds ratio [OR], 1.79; 95% CI, 1.17–2.73; P=.007) and admission to a SSU (OR, 16.6; 95% CI, 10.0–33.3; P<.001). Hypotensive AHF (OR, 0.49; 95% CI, 0.26–0.91; P=.025), hypoxemia (OR, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.53–0.88; P=.004); and admission on a Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday (OR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.49–0.77; P<.001) were associated with a long stay. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.827 (95% CI, 0.80–0.85; P<.001). Thirty-day mortality and readmission rates did not differ between patients with short vs long stays (mortality, 0.5% in both cases, P=.959; and readmission, 22.9% vs 27.7%, respectively; P=.059). Conclusion. Both clinical and administrative factors are independently related to whether patients with AHF have short stays in the hospitals studied, and among therapy, it is remarkable the existence of a SSU (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Tratamento de Emergência/métodos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Exacerbação dos Sintomas , Comorbidade
19.
Emergencias ; 28(6): 366-374, 2016.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29106080

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify factors associated with short hospital stays for patients admitted with acute heart failure (AHF) admitted to hospitals with short-stay units (SSU). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Multicenter nonintervention study in a multipurpose cohort of patients with AHF to 10 Spanish hospitals with short-stay units; patients were followed prospectively. We recorded demographic data, medical histories, baseline cardiorespiratory and function variables on arrival in the emergency department, on admission, and at 30 days. The outcome variable was a short hospital stay (<= 4 days). We built receiver operating characteristic curves of simple and mixed predictive models for short stays and calculated the area under the curves. RESULTS: A total of 1359 patients with a mean (SD) age of 78.7 (9.9) years (53.9% women) were included; 568 (41.8%) had short stays. Five hundred ninety patients (43.4%) were admitted to SSU and 769 (56.6%) were admitted to conventional wards. The variables associated with a short-stay according to the mixed regression model were hypertensive crisis (odds ratio [OR], 1.79; 95% CI, 1.17-2.73; P=.007) and admission to a SSU (OR, 16.6; 95% CI, 10.0-33.3; P<.001). Hypotensive AHF (OR, 0.49; 95% CI, 0.26-0.91; P=.025), hypoxemia (OR, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.53-0.88; P=.004); and admission on a Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday (OR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.49-0.77; P<.001) were associated with a long stay. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.827 (95% CI, 0.80-0.85; P<.001). Thirty-day mortality and readmission rates did not differ between patients with short vs long stays (mortality, 0.5% in both cases, P=.959; and readmission, 22.9% vs 27.7%, respectively; P=.059). CONCLUSION: Both clinical and administrative factors are independently related to whether patients with AHF have short stays in the hospitals studied, and among therapy, it is remaslcasle the existence of a SSU.

20.
J Am Med Dir Assoc ; 16(9): 799.e1-6, 2015 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26170034

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Patients with heart failure (HF) seen at the emergency department (ED) are increasingly older and more likely to present delirium. Little is known, however, about the impact of this syndrome on outcome in these patients. We aimed to investigate the prognostic value and risk factors of delirium at admission (prevalent delirium) in ED patients with decompensated HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a prospective, observational study, analyzing the presence of prevalent delirium in decompensated HF patients attended at the ED in 2 hospitals in Spain in the context of the Epidemiology Acute Heart Failure Emergency project. We used the brief Confusion Assessment Method to assess the presence of delirium. Patients were followed for 1 month after discharge. Of 239 enrolled patients (81.7 ± 9.4 years, women 61.1%, long-term care [LTC] 11%), 35 (14.6%) had prevalent delirium (20% LTC vs 9.4% in-home, P = .078). The factors associated with delirium in the multivariate analysis were functional dependence (P = .001) and dementia (P = .005). Prevalent delirium was an independent risk factor of death within 30 days (OR 3.532; 95% CI 1.422-8.769, P = .007) whereas autonomy in basic activities of daily living was a protective factor (OR 0.971; 95% CI 0.956-0.986, P = .001). The area under the ROC curve for our 30-day mortality model was 0.802 (95% CI 0.721-0.883, P = .001). CONCLUSION: Prevalent delirium in patients with decompensated HF was a predictor of short-term mortality. Routine identification of delirium in patients at risk, particularly those with greater functional dependence, can help emergency physicians in decision-making and enhance care in patients with decompensated HF.


Assuntos
Delírio/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Idoso , Delírio/diagnóstico , Delírio/mortalidade , Feminino , Avaliação Geriátrica , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia
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