Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 5 de 5
Mais filtros

Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
Saudi Med J ; 44(3): 314-319, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36940957


OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of antibiotic use by pregnant women in Najran, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A total of 125 women aged 18 to 45 with a full-term pregnancy participated from October to December 2019. Age, order of current pregnancy, body mass index (BMI), history of miscarriage, and comorbidity were used to estimate antibiotic use. RESULTS: The majority were Saudis (67.2%), aged 30-35 (39.2%) years, with no history of miscarriage (53.6%), second order of pregnancy (26.4%), and going through weeks 20-25 of pregnancy (21.6%). A total of 26.4% of pregnant women had antibiotic prescriptions in the study population. Pregnant women under 30 years were less likely to receive antibiotics. CONCLUSION: The results found an association between maternal age, order of pregnancy and antibiotic use during pregnancy. An association was observed between maternal BMI and the occurrence of adverse drug reactions after antibiotic use. In addition, a history of miscarriage was negatively associated with the use of antibiotics during pregnancy. These predictors of antibiotic administration have the potential to serve as general health indicators and to direct preventative strategies aimed at increasing the rational use of antibiotics.

Aborto Espontâneo , Gestantes , Feminino , Gravidez , Humanos , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Hospitais
Nutrients ; 15(4)2023 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36839279


Insulin is the main metabolic regulator of fuel molecules in the diet, such as carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins. It does so by facilitating glucose influx from the circulation into the liver, adipose tissue, and skeletal myocytes. The outcome of which is subjected to glycogenesis in skeletal muscle and lipogenesis in adipose tissue, as well as in the liver. Therefore, insulin has an anabolic action while, on the contrary, hypoinsulinemia promotes the reverse process. Protein breakdown in myocytes is also encountered during the late stages of diabetes mellitus. The balance of the blood glucose level in physiological conditions is maintained by virtue of the interactive functions of insulin and glucagon. In insulin resistance (IR), the balance is disturbed because glucose transporters (GLUTs) of cell membranes fail to respond to this peptide hormone, meaning that glucose molecules cannot be internalized into the cells, the consequence of which is hyperglycemia. To develop the full state of diabetes mellitus, IR should be associated with the impairment of insulin release from beta-cells of the pancreas. Periodic screening of individuals of high risk, such as those with obesity, hypercholesterolemia, and pregnant nulliparous women in antenatal control, is vital, as these are important checkpoints to detect cases of insulin resistance. This is pivotal as IR can be reversed, provided it is detected in its early stages, through healthy dietary habits, regular exercise, and the use of hypoglycemic agents. In this review, we discuss the pathophysiology, etiology, diagnosis, preventive methods, and management of IR in brief.

Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Resistência à Insulina , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Glicemia/metabolismo , Insulina/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo
J Obstet Gynaecol Res ; 48(7): 1523-1530, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35466496


AIM: To evaluate the impact of warm distension medium versus room temperature distension medium on pain control among patients undergoing office hysteroscopy. METHODS: A systematic search was done in PubMed, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and ISI web of science from inception to October 2021. We selected randomized clinical trials (RCTs) compared warmed saline distension medium in the intervention group versus room temperature distension medium in the control group among women undergoing diagnostic and/or operative office hysteroscopy. Revman software was utilized for performing our meta-analysis. Our primary outcomes were pain scores evaluated by the visual analog scale (VAS) during and after the procedure. Our secondary outcome was the patient satisfaction between both groups. RESULTS: Five RCTs met our inclusion criteria with a total number of 441 patients. We found warm saline was linked to a significant reduction in the VAS pain score during the procedure compared to the control group (mean difference [MD] = -1.12, 95% confidence interval [CI] [-1.80, -0.45], p = 0.001). Moreover, the VAS pain score after the procedure was significantly declined among the warm saline group (MD = -0.62, 95% CI [-0.97, -0.27], p = 0.005). Interestingly, more patients were significantly satisfied with warm saline distension medium application compared to room temperature group (odds ratio [OR] = 3.71, 95% CI [2.01, 6.86], p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Warm saline application in office hysteroscopy is effective in reducing pain during and after the procedure as well as improvement in patient satisfaction.

Histeroscopia , Manejo da Dor , Feminino , Humanos , Histeroscopia/métodos , Dor/etiologia , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Medição da Dor , Gravidez , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Solução Salina
Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care ; 26(5): 357-366, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33691549


OBJECTIVE: To systematically and meta-analytically investigate the efficacy and safety of vaginal dinoprostone versus placebo in pain relief during intrauterine device (IUD) insertion. METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library were screened till 1 October 2020. Only randomised placebo-controlled studies were included and assessed for risk of bias. Main outcomes included IUD insertion related pain, patient satisfaction, provider ease of IUD insertion, and side effects. Pooled outcomes were summarised as standardised mean difference (SMD), weighted mean difference (WMD), or risk ratio (RR) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI). RESULTS: Five studies were included, comprising 862 patients; equally 431 patients received vaginal dinoprostone and placebo. All studies showed an overall low risk of bias. When compared to placebo, dinoprostone significantly correlated with decreased pain at tenaculum placement (SMD = -0.79, 95% CI [-1.43, -0.16], p = 0.01), decreased pain at uterine sounding (SMD = -0.88, 95% CI [-1.54, -0.22], p = 0.009), decreased pain at IUD insertion (SMD = -1.18, 95% CI [-1.74, -0.61], p < 0.001), decreased need for additional analgesia (RR = 0.34, 95% CI [0.22, 0.53], p < 0.001), increased patient satisfaction (SMD = 1.41, 95% CI [0.62, 2.20], p < 0.001), and increased provider ease of IUD insertion (SMD = -1.17, 95% CI [-1.62, -0.73], p < 0.001). Fever was statistically significantly higher in dinoprostone versus placebo group (RR = 3.73, 95% CI [1.47, 9.44], p = 0.006). All other side effects-including nausea, vomiting, shivering, diarrhoea, abdominal cramps, vasovagal attack, uterine perforation, and postprocedural bleeding-did not substantially differ between both groups. CONCLUSIONS: This first ever meta-analysis advocates that dinoprostone compared with placebo is safe, effective, and yields favourable analgesic outcomes during IUD insertion.

Dinoprostona/uso terapêutico , Dispositivos Intrauterinos/efeitos adversos , Ocitócicos/uso terapêutico , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Dinoprostona/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Ocitócicos/administração & dosagem , Dor/prevenção & controle , Medição da Dor , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
Saudi Med J ; 40(9): 914-921, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522219


OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the attitudes of pregnant women towards different forms of labor pain relief, preferred methods of pain relief, and the effects of social media on their awareness and knowledge. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted between April and August 2017 in the Maternity and Children's Hospital, Najran, Saudi Arabia. A total of 416 pregnant women were interviewed and analyzed using IBM Sstatistical Package for Social Sciences version 20 (IBM Corp, Armonk, NY, USA). RESULTS: A total of 62.7% were aware of labor pain. However, 58.7% of the total sample group was unaware of labor pain relief, and 79.8% of the total sample group was unaware of the different forms of labor pain relief available. Educational level was significantly associated with awareness and knowledge of labor pain relief (p=0.001). The majority of pregnant women obtained information from friends (57.5%); and only 16.1% of women received information from their health care providers.Conlclusion: Most of the pregnant women recruited into this study had insuficient awareness of labor pain and methods of pain relief. They acquired their information from their friends and families rather than from their health care providers.

Analgesia Obstétrica , Analgésicos/administração & dosagem , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Dor do Parto/terapia , Preferência do Paciente , Apoio Social , Administração por Inalação , Administração Intravenosa , Adulto , Analgesia Epidural/métodos , Estudos Transversais , Medo , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Intramusculares , Trabalho de Parto , Manejo da Dor , Gravidez , Gestantes , Arábia Saudita , Mídias Sociais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem