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World Neurosurg ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065350


OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic on operative case volume in 8 U.S. neurosurgical residency training programs in early 2020 and to survey these programs regarding training activities during this period. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of monthly operative case volumes and types for 8 residency programs for 2019 and January through April 2020. Cases were grouped as elective cranial, elective spine, and nonelective emergent cases. Programs were surveyed regarding residents' perceptions of the impact of COVID-19 on surgical training, didactics, and research participation. Data were analyzed for individual programs and pooled across programs. RESULTS: Across programs, the 2019 monthly mean ± SD case volume was 211 ± 82; 2020 mean ± SD case volumes for January, February, March, and April were 228 ± 93, 214 ± 84, 180 ± 73, and 107 ± 45. Compared with 2019, March and April 2020 mean cases declined 15% (P = 0.003) and 49% (P = 0.002), respectively. COVID-19 affected surgical case volume for all programs; 75% reported didactics negatively affected, and 90% reported COVID-19 resulted in increased research time. Several neurosurgery residents required COVID-19 testing; however, to our knowledge, only 1 resident from the participating programs tested positive. CONCLUSIONS: This study documents a significant reduction in operative volume in 8 neurosurgery residency training programs in early 2020. During this time, neurosurgery residents engaged in online didactics and research-related activities, reporting increased research productivity. Residency programs should collect data to determine the educational impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on residents' operative case volumes, identify deficiencies, and develop plans to mitigate any effects.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) ; 16(5): 626-632, 2019 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30124999


BACKGROUND: Thoracic disk herniations (TDHs) represent only 0.15% to 1.8% of surgically managed disk herniations but have posed a particular challenge to spine surgeons. Numerous surgical approaches have been cited in the literature with varying degrees of success, technical complexity, and complication profiles. OBJECTIVE: To report a case of a combined lateral retropleural and dorsal transdural approach for complex thoracic discectomy. METHODS: In this report, we describe a combined lateral/retropleural and posterior transdural approach for a patient with a giant calcified TDH that was not amenable to safe removal using a single approach. RESULTS: In complex situations such as this, a dual corridor approach allows for improved visualization and maximal resection opportunity and opens up yet another option to address recalcitrant TDH. CONCLUSION: The staged dual corridor approach is safe and represents a further surgical option for extremely difficult TDH.

Discotomia/métodos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Torácicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
World Neurosurg ; 96: 403-409, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27667574


BACKGROUND: Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma (AFH) is a rare and low-grade soft tissue lesion that typically arises from subcutaneous and deep dermal tissue of extremities. The first case was reported in 1979 by Enzinger and has since become known as a distinct entity. AFH has been increasingly reported in different organ systems, with rare reports of primary intracranial AFH. To date there have been 3 reports of intracranial AFH and 1 report of metastasis to the brain, most of which were in young adults. CASE DESCRIPTION: In this paper, we present a case of an older patient with a large, petrous apex AFH that was clinically mistaken for a trigeminal nerve schwannoma. We discuss radiographic and histologic features initially found and the findings that ultimately led to the diagnosis of AFH. We also discuss the findings noted in all other reports of intracranial AFH. CONCLUSION: We present a rare case of intracranial AFH in a patient relatively old for onset of diagnosis. To date, only 3 prior cases of AFH have been reported. The radiographic findings were nonspecific and initially pointed toward a diagnosis of schwannoma, whereas histopathology seemed to initially suggest meningioma. Further pathologic consultation finally confirmed AFH as the diagnosis. We suspect there are more cases of intracranial AFH that are misdiagnosed due to variability of findings on pathology. The behavior of this tumor remains in question as 1 of the 3 reported cases demonstrated significant recurrence. As such, gross total resection of this lesion is preferable.

Craniotomia/métodos , Histiocitoma Fibroso Maligno/diagnóstico por imagem , Histiocitoma Fibroso Maligno/cirurgia , Adulto , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/metabolismo , Fossa Craniana Média/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo , Sindecana-1/metabolismo , Lobo Temporal/diagnóstico por imagem