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1.
Cureus ; 11(8): e5496, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31667032

RESUMO

Introduction The aim of this study was to present our results regarding the feasibility and possible complications of 4.5 Fr semi-rigid ureterorenoscopy (URS) treatments in pediatric patients. Methods The files and computer records of a total of 33 pediatric patients (20 males and 13 females), who underwent URS procedures for ureteral stones > 5 mm between January 2013 and June 2017, were retrospectively reviewed. A 4.5 Fr semi-rigid ureteroscope (Ultrathin 4.5/6.5 Fr Ureterorenoscope; Richard Wolf GmbH, Knittlingen, Germany) was used for the URS procedures. For the stone-free rate evaluations, abdominopelvic ultrasound or direct radiography scans were performed one week after the surgery, and low-dose non-contrast computed tomography (CT) was performed during the first month. Results The mean age of the patients was 9.8 ± 2.8 (range 4-16) years old, and the mean ureteral stone size was 8.9 ± 1.4 (range 6-13) mm. The mean surgical duration was 45 ± 21.2 (range 30-75) minutes, and the mean hospital stay length was 1.2 (range 1-4) days. Minor complications occurred in five (15.1%) of the patients. The success rates for the first week and first month were 90.9% and 96.9%, respectively. Conclusion The endoscopic management of pediatric ureteral stones using a 4.5 Fr ureteroscope seems to be a safe and feasible treatment option with high success and low complication rates.

2.
Andrologia ; 51(7): e13293, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30995701

RESUMO

In the present study, we compared the retroperitoneal high ligation with subinguinal varicocelectomy on the treatment of painful varicocele. A total of 90 patients who underwent retroperitoneal high ligation (n = 45) and subinguinal varicocelectomy (n = 45) for painful varicocele were included in this prospective study. Varicocele in all patients was diagnosed with by physical examination and coloured Doppler ultrasonography. All the patients underwent a conservative treatment for pain for 4 weeks. Patient ages, varicocele grades, preoperative pain scores, postoperative pain scores at 6 months, duration of surgeries, complications and recurrences were recorded. Complete success rate for chronic scrotal pain was found to be 80% in retroperitoneal varicocelectomy group and 71% in subinguinal varicocelectomy group. Partial success rate was 11% for retroperitoneal varicocelectomy group and 18% for subinguinal ligation group. There was no significant difference between two groups in terms of pain and complications. However, the operation time was significantly lower in the Palomo group. Although microsurgical subinguinal varicocelectomy is the current approach for the treatment of varicocele, retroperitoneal high ligation can achieve the same pain resolution with shorter operative duration compared to loupe-assisted subinguinal varicocelectomy.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica/terapia , Microcirurgia/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos/métodos , Varicocele/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Dor Crônica/diagnóstico , Dor Crônica/etiologia , Humanos , Ligadura/efeitos adversos , Ligadura/métodos , Masculino , Microcirurgia/métodos , Duração da Cirurgia , Medição da Dor , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Espaço Retroperitoneal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escroto/irrigação sanguínea , Escroto/diagnóstico por imagem , Escroto/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia Doppler , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos/efeitos adversos , Varicocele/complicações , Varicocele/diagnóstico por imagem , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Adulto Jovem
3.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 68(7): 1124-1128, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30317318

RESUMO

We retrospectively evaluated the results of Harmonic Scalpel (Ethicon, Cincinnati, Ohio) used for laparoscopic decortication of simple renal cysts (SRC). Between May 2011 and December 2014, 28 patients with symptomatic SRC (Bosniak type 1) underwent laparoscopic decortication with Harmonic Scalpel, were reviewed. All cysts were evaluated with ultrasonography and abdominal computed tomography. Symptomatic and surgical success was defined as no recurrence on computed tomography imaging and complete pain relief, respectively. The mean age of patients was 51.7±9.6 years and there were 16 female and 12 male. While a transperitoneal approach was preferred in 18 cases, a retroperitoneal approach was chosen in 10 patients. The mean cyst size and duration of operation was 8,8±2,8 (6-12) cm and 72,8±28,4 (50-110) minutes, respectively. A total of three minor complications were observed postoperatively. Mean hospital stay was 1,3±0,9 (1-3) days. After the mean 12,6±3,2 (3-24) months follow-up the radiological and symptomatic successes were 100% and 89,2%, respectively. Our results showed that laparoscopic decortication of SRC using Harmonic Scalpel is consistent with the literature and provides a reasonable complication but increases cost.


Assuntos
Doenças Renais Císticas/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/instrumentação , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Renais Císticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia
4.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 28(1): 74-75, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29290200

RESUMO

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy has a success rate of 90%; however, its overall complication rate is approximately 83%, including urinary extravasation, bleeding necessitating transfusion, and postoperative fever. Septicemia, colonic and pleural injury are rare major complications. Neighboring organ injury, especially colonic injury, is frequently seen during tract dilatation procedure. In this study, we report a case of colonic lumbar hernia, which is a rare complication of percutaneous nephrolithotomy.


Assuntos
Hérnia/complicações , Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia
5.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(3): 518-524, May.-June 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-840851

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Purpose To determine whether using different intraperitoneal insufflation pressures for transperitoneal laparoscopic urologic surgeries decreases postoperative pain. Materials and Methods 76 patients who underwent transperitoneal laparoscopic upper urinary tract surgery at different insufflation pressures were allocated into the following groups: 10mmHg (group I, n=24), 12mmHg (group II, n=25) and 14mmHg (group III, n=27). These patients were compared according to age, gender, body mass index (BMI), type and duration of surgery, intraoperative bleeding volume, postoperative pain score and length of hospital stay. A visual analog scale (VAS) was used for postoperative pain. Results Demographic characteristics, mean age, gender, BMI and type of surgeries were statistically similar among the groups. The mean operation time was higher in group I than group II and group III but this was not statistically significant (P=0.810). The mean intraoperative bleeding volume was significantly higher in group I compared with group II and group III (P=0.030 and P=0.006). The mean length of postoperative hospital stays was statistically similar among the groups (P=0.849). The mean VAS score at 6h was significantly reduced in group I compared with group III (P=0.011). At 12h, the mean VAS score was significantly reduced in group I compared with group II and group III (P=0.009 and P<0.001). There was no significant difference in the mean VAS scores at 24h among three groups (P=0.920). Conclusion Lower insufflation pressures are associated with lower postoperative pain scores in the early postoperative period.

6.
Int Braz J Urol ; 43(3): 518-524, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28266816

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine whether using different intraperitoneal insufflation pressures for transperitoneal laparoscopic urologic surgeries decreases postoperative pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 76 patients who underwent transperitoneal laparoscopic upper urinary tract surgery at different insufflation pressures were allocated into the following groups: 10mmHg (group I, n=24), 12mmHg (group II, n=25) and 14mmHg (group III, n=27). These patients were compared according to age, gender, body mass index (BMI), type and duration of surgery, intraoperative bleeding volume, postoperative pain score and length of hospital stay. A visual analog scale (VAS) was used for postoperative pain. RESULTS: Demographic characteristics, mean age, gender, BMI and type of surgeries were statistically similar among the groups. The mean operation time was higher in group I than group II and group III but this was not statistically significant (P=0.810). The mean intraoperative bleeding volume was significantly higher in group I compared with group II and group III (P=0.030 and P=0.006). The mean length of postoperative hospital stays was statistically similar among the groups (P=0.849). The mean VAS score at 6h was significantly reduced in group I compared with group III (P=0.011). At 12h, the mean VAS score was significantly reduced in group I compared with group II and group III (P=0.009 and P<0.001). There was no significant difference in the mean VAS scores at 24h among three groups (P=0.920). CONCLUSION: Lower insufflation pressures are associated with lower postoperative pain scores in the early postoperative period.


Assuntos
Insuflação/métodos , Laparoscopia/instrumentação , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Pressão , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/instrumentação , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Turquia
7.
Int Braz J Urol ; 42(2): 356-64, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27256192

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Urethral stricture disease is still a major problem in men. Many procedures are available for the treatment of urethral strictures; urethral dilatation is one of the oldest. The blind dilatation of urethral strictures may be a difficult and potentially dangerous procedure. The purpose of this study was to describe safe urethral dilatation using amplatz renal dilator and to report outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2010 to 2014, a total of 26 men with primary urethral strictures were managed by urethral dilatation using amplatz renal dilators. The parameters analyzed included presentation of patients, retrograde urethrography (RGU) findings, pre-and postoperative maximum flow rate (Qmax) on uroflowmetry (UF) and post-void residual urine (PVR). Patients were followed-up at 1.6 and 12 months. The technique described in this paper enables such strictures to be safely dilated after endoscopic placement of a suitable guidewire and stylet over which amplatz renal dilators are introduced. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 57.6 (35-72) years. The median stricture length was 0.82 (0.6-1.5)cm. Pre-operative uroflowmetry showed Qmax of 7.00 (4-12) mL/sec and ultrasonography showed PVR of 75.00 (45-195)mL. Postoperatively, Qmax improved to 18.00 (15-22)mL/sec (p<0.001) at 1 month, 17.00 (13-21)mL/sec (p<0.001) at 6 months and 15.00 (12-17)mL/sec (p<0.001) at 12 months. The post-operative PVR values were 22.50 (10-60)mL (p<0.001), 30.00 (10-70)mL (p<0.001) and 30.00 (10-70) mL (p<0.001) at 1.6 12 months, respectively. The median procedure time was 15.00 (12-22) minutes. None of the patients had a recurrence during a 12-month period of follow-up. CONCLUSION: Urethral dilatation with amplatz renal dilators avoids the risks associated with blind dilatation techniques. This tecnique is a safe, easy, well-tolerated and cost-effective alternative for treatment of urethral strictures.


Assuntos
Dilatação/instrumentação , Uretra , Estreitamento Uretral/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Dilatação/métodos , Desenho de Equipamento , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Cateterismo Urinário/instrumentação , Cateterismo Urinário/métodos
8.
Turk J Urol ; 42(2): 92-6, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27274894

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate and compare the effects on pain of intraurethral 2% lidocaine gel and plain lubricating gel in male patients underwent flexible cystoscopy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data of 220 male patients who underwent flexible cystoscopy between March 2012 and August 2014 were retrospectively analized. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to using intraurethral gel types. Group I included 120 patients who were underwent flexible cystoscopy with 2% lidocaine gel and Group II was consisted from 100 patients who underwent flexible cystoscopy with plain lubricating gel. The groups were compared according to postprocedure data including pain score, procedure time and age of patients. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients in Group I was 50.02±11.87 years while that in Group II was 52.03±13.37 years (p=0.492). The mean procedure times were 6.02±0.787 and 6.28±0.689 minutes in Group I and Group II respectively (p=0.061). Pain perception scores were not statistically different between the groups (Group I: 3.10±0.980, Group II: 3.34±0.789, p=0.132). CONCLUSION: Use of intraurethral 2% lidocaine gel has no advantage over plain lubricating gel in regard to pain control during flexible cystoscopy in men.

9.
Int Braz J Urol ; 42(3): 578-84, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27286124

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Postoperative urinary retention (POUR) is one of the most common complications after surgical procedures under spinal anaesthesia. Recent studies have shown the beneficial effects of alpha-adrenergic blockers in preventing POUR. The aim of this prospective study was to investigate and compare the prophylactic effects of tamsulosin and alfuzosin on POUR after urologic surgical procedures under spinal anaesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 180 males who underwent elective urologic surgery were included in this study. The patients were randomly allocated into three Groups. The Group I received placebo. Patients in Group II were given 0.4mg of tamsulosin orally 14 and 2 hours before surgery. Patients in Group III were given 10mg of alfuzosin ER orally 10 and 2 hours before surgery. All patients were closely followed for 24 hours postoperatively and their episodes of urinary retentions were recorded. RESULTS: There were 60 patients in each Group. Their mean age was 35.95±15.16 years. Fifteen patients in Group I (25%), 3 patients in Group II (5%) and 4 patients in Group III (6.7%) required catheterization because of urinary retention. In tamsulosin group and alfuzosin group, there were a significantly lower proportion of patients with POUR compared with the placebo Group (p=0.002 and p=0.006). The beneficial effects of tamsulosin and alfuzosin on POUR were similar between both Groups (p=0.697). CONCLUSION: This study suggests that the use of prophylactic tamsulosin or alfuzosin can reduce the incidence of urinary retention and the need for catheterization after urologic surgical procedures under spinal anaesthesia.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Receptores Adrenérgicos alfa 1/uso terapêutico , Raquianestesia/efeitos adversos , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição/métodos , Quinazolinas/uso terapêutico , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Retenção Urinária/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tansulosina , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Cateterismo Urinário , Retenção Urinária/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 42(3): 578-584, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-785721

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Purpose Postoperative urinary retention (POUR) is one of the most common complications after surgical procedures under spinal anaesthesia. Recent studies have shown the beneficial effects of alpha-adrenergic blockers in preventing POUR. The aim of this prospective study was to investigate and compare the prophylactic effects of tamsulosin and alfuzosin on POUR after urologic surgical procedures under spinal anaesthesia. Materials and Methods A total of 180 males who underwent elective urologic surgery were included in this study. The patients were randomly allocated into three Groups. The Group I received placebo. Patients in Group II were given 0.4mg of tamsulosin orally 14 and 2 hours before surgery. Patients in Group III were given 10mg of alfuzosin ER orally 10 and 2 hours before surgery. All patients were closely followed for 24 hours postoperatively and their episodes of urinary retentions were recorded. Results There were 60 patients in each Group. Their mean age was 35.95±15.16 years. Fifteen patients in Group I (25%), 3 patients in Group II (5%) and 4 patients in Group III (6.7%) required catheterization because of urinary retention. In tamsulosin group and alfuzosin group, there were a significantly lower proportion of patients with POUR compared with the placebo Group (p=0.002 and p=0.006). The beneficial effects of tamsulosin and alfuzosin on POUR were similar between both Groups (p=0.697). Conclusion This study suggests that the use of prophylactic tamsulosin or alfuzosin can reduce the incidence of urinary retention and the need for catheterization after urologic surgical procedures under spinal anaesthesia.

11.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 42(2): 356-364, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-782853

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction Urethral stricture disease is still a major problem in men. Many procedures are available for the treatment of urethral strictures; urethral dilatation is one of the oldest. The blind dilatation of urethral strictures may be a difficult and potentially dangerous procedure. The purpose of this study was to describe safe urethral dilatation using amplatz renal dilator and to report outcomes. Materials and Methods From 2010 to 2014, a total of 26 men with primary urethral strictures were managed by urethral dilatation using amplatz renal dilators. The parameters analyzed included presentation of patients, retrograde urethrography (RGU) findings, pre-and postoperative maximum flow rate (Qmax) on uroflowmetry (UF) and post-void residual urine (PVR). Patients were followed-up at 1.6 and 12 months. The technique described in this paper enables such strictures to be safely dilated after endoscopic placement of a suitable guidewire and stylet over which amplatz renal dilators are introduced. Results The mean age of the patients was 57.6 (35–72) years. The median stricture length was 0.82 (0.6–1.5)cm. Pre-operative uroflowmetry showed Qmax of 7.00 (4–12) mL/sec and ultrasonography showed PVR of 75.00 (45–195)mL. Postoperatively, Qmax improved to 18.00 (15–22)mL/sec (p<0.001) at 1 month, 17.00 (13–21)mL/sec (p<0.001) at 6 months and 15.00 (12–17)mL/sec (p<0.001) at 12 months. The post-operative PVR values were 22.50 (10–60)mL (p<0.001), 30.00 (10–70)mL (p<0.001) and 30.00 (10–70) mL (p<0.001) at 1.6 12 months, respectively. The median procedure time was 15.00 (12–22) minutes. None of the patients had a recurrence during a 12-month period of follow-up. Conclusion Urethral dilatation with amplatz renal dilators avoids the risks associated with blind dilatation techniques. This tecnique is a safe, easy, well-tolerated and cost-effective alternative for treatment of urethral strictures.

12.
Turk J Urol ; 41(3): 125-31, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26516595

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study is a placebo-controlled comparison of the response to alfuzosin treatment for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in patients with and without metabolic syndrome (MetS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 80 men with LUTS were included in the study. Patients had a maximum flow rate of <15 mL/sec, prostate volume of >20 mL, and International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) of >8. All eligible men (n=68) for evaluation were initially divided into two groups as MetS (n=34) and non-MetS (n=34) groups. Patients were further randomized to receive alfuzosin (10 mg/day) or placebo (n=17/group; a total of four groups). The outcome was measured at 12(th) week according to the changes from baseline in IPSS, quality of life (QoL) scores, maximum flow rate (Qmax), and postmictional residue. RESULTS: Alfuzosin significantly improved LUTS in men with and without MetS compared with patients receiving placebo (p<0.05). Mean IPSS scores in treatment groups decreased significantly, whereas patients receiving placebo had no statistically significant difference (p>0.05). Similarly, alfuzosin treatment resulted in a significant increase in Qmax in patients with LUTS/benign prostatic enlargement when compared with patients in placebo group (p<0.05). Mean QoL scores measured by IPSS-QoL and QoL questionnaires also improved significantly in patients receiving alfuzosin for 3 months regardless of the presence of MetS (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Our results revealed that the presence of MetS in patients with LUTS did not impair the response to alfuzosin treatment.

13.
Turk J Urol ; 40(4): 216-20, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26328181

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Many patients consult emergency services with urological complaints. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology, clinical presentation and treatments of urological emergency cases in a training and research hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated urological emergency patients referred to the emergency unit between July 2012 and July 2013 according to age, gender, affected organ, radiological imaging techniques and treatment. RESULTS: Among 141.844 emergency cases, 3.113 (2.19%) were urological emergencies and 53.2% of the patients were male (mean age: 49.1), and 46.8% of them were female (median age: 42.8). The most frequent illness was genitourinary infection constituting 41.2% of the cases followed by renal colic (36.9%). Among the urological emergencies 483 (15.5%) patients were hospitalized and 152 surgical operations were performed. The mostly performed procedure was the placement of a suprapubic catheter in 34 patients constituting (22.3%) of the cases. Totally eight patients were referred to another experienced health center due to different reasons. CONCLUSION: Most of the urological emergency patients do not require emergency surgical interventions however, timely identification and management of urological emergencies with in-depth clinical evaluation are important to prevent late complications. Therefore the doctors working in emergency services must be heedful of urological emergencies.

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