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1.
Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 14(3)2021 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33803847

RESUMO

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease characterized by a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations. The respiratory system can be involved in up to 50-70% of patients and be the presenting manifestation of the disease in 4-5% of cases. Every part of the respiratory part can be involved, and the severity can vary from mild self-limiting to life threatening forms. Respiratory involvement can be primary (caused by SLE itself) or secondary (e.g., infections or drug toxicity), acute or chronic. The course, treatment and prognosis vary greatly depending on the specific pattern of the disease. This review article aims at providing an overview of respiratory manifestations in SLE along with an update about therapeutic approaches including novel biologic therapies.

2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 4863, 2021 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33649408

RESUMO

The coronavirus 2019 disease (COVID-19) is characterised by a heterogeneous clinical presentation, a complex pathophysiology and a wide range of imaging findings, depending on disease severity and time course. We conducted a retrospective evaluation of hospitalized patients with proven SARS-CoV-2 infection, clinical signs of COVID-19 and computed tomography (CT) scan-proven pulmonary involvement, in order to identify relationships between clinical, serological, imaging data and disease outcomes in patients with COVID-19. Clinical and serological records of patients admitted to two COVID-19 Units of the Abruzzo region in Italy with proven SARS-CoV-2 pulmonary involvement investigated with CT scan, assessed at the time of admission to the hospital, were retrospectively evaluated. Sixty-one patients (22 females and 39 males) of median age 65 years were enrolled. Fifty-six patients were discharged while death occurred in 5 patients. None of the lung abnormalities detected by CT was different between discharged and deceased patients. No differences were observed in the features and extent of pulmonary involvement according to age and gender. Logistic regression analysis with age and gender as covariates demonstrated that ferritin levels over the 25th percentile were associated with the involvement of all 5 pulmonary lobes (OR = 14.5, 95% CI 2.3-90.9, p = 0.004), the presence of septal thickening (OR = 8.2, 95% CI 1.6-40.9, p = 0.011) and the presence of mediastinal lymph node enlargement (OR = 12.0, 95% CI 1.1-127.5, p = 0.039) independently of age and gender. We demonstrated that ferritin levels over the 25th percentile are associated with a more severe pulmonary involvement, independently of age and gender and not associated with disease outcomes. The identification of reliable biomarkers in patients with COVID-19 may help guiding clinical decision, tailoring therapeutic approaches and ultimately improving the care and prognosis of patients with this disease.


Assuntos
Ferritinas/sangue , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , /diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
3.
Nutrients ; 13(3)2021 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33673487

RESUMO

In recent years, an increasing interest in the influence of diet in rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs) led to the publication of several articles exploring the role of food/nutrients in both the risk of developing these conditions in normal subjects and the natural history of the disease in patients with established RMDs. Diet may be a possible facilitator of RMDs due to both the direct pro-inflammatory properties of some nutrients and the indirect action on insulin resistance, obesity and associated co-morbidities. A consistent body of research has been conducted in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), while studies in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are scarce and have been conducted mainly on experimental models of the disease. This review article aims to outline similarities and differences between RA and SLE based on the existing literature.

4.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33547062

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Severe systemic inflammation associated with some stages of COVID-19 and in fatal cases led therapeutic agents developed or used frequently in Rheumatology being at the vanguard of experimental therapeutics strategies. The aim of this project was to elaborate EULAR Points to consider (PtCs) on COVID-19 pathophysiology and immunomodulatory therapies. METHODS: PtCs were developed in accordance with EULAR standard operating procedures for endorsed recommendations, led by an international multidisciplinary Task Force, including rheumatologists, translational immunologists, haematologists, paediatricians, patients and health professionals, based on a systemic literature review up to 15 December 2020. Overarching principles (OPs) and PtCs were formulated and consolidated by formal voting. RESULTS: Two OPs and fourteen PtCs were developed. OPs highlight the heterogeneous clinical spectrum of SARS-CoV-2 infection and the need of a multifaceted approach to target the different pathophysiological mechanisms. PtCs 1-6 encompass the pathophysiology of SARS-CoV-2 including immune response, endothelial dysfunction and biomarkers. PtCs 7-14 focus on the management of SARS-CoV-2 infection with immunomodulators. There was evidence supporting the use of glucocorticoids, especially dexamethasone, in COVID-19 cases requiring oxygen therapy. No other immunomodulator demonstrated efficacy on mortality to date, with however inconsistent results for tocilizumab. Immunomodulatory therapy was not associated with higher infection rates. CONCLUSIONS: Multifactorial pathophysiological mechanisms, including immune abnormalities, play a key role in COVID-19. The efficacy of glucocorticoids in cases requiring oxygen therapy suggests that immunomodulatory treatment might be effective in COVID-19 subsets. Involvement of rheumatologists, as systemic inflammatory diseases experts, should continue in ongoing clinical trials delineating optimal immunomodulatory therapy utilisation in COVID-19.

5.
RMD Open ; 7(1)2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33542048

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To summarise the methodological aspects in studies with work participation (WP) as outcome domain in inflammatory arthritis (IA) and other chronic diseases. METHODS: Two systematic literature reviews (SLRs) were conducted in key electronic databases (2014-2019): search 1 focused on longitudinal prospective studies in IA and search 2 on SLRs in other chronic diseases. Two reviewers independently identified eligible studies and extracted data covering pre-defined methodological areas. RESULTS: In total, 58 studies in IA (22 randomised controlled trials, 36 longitudinal observational studies) and 24 SLRs in other chronic diseases were included. WP was the primary outcome in 26/58 (45%) studies. The methodological aspects least accounted for in IA studies were as follows (proportions of studies positively adhering to the topic are shown): aligning the studied population (16/58 (28%)) and sample size calculation (8/58 (14%)) with the work-related study objective; attribution of WP to overall health (28/58 (48%)); accounting for skewness of presenteeism/sick leave (10/52 (19%)); accounting for work-related contextual factors (25/58 (43%)); reporting attrition and its reasons (1/58 (2%)); reporting both aggregated results and proportions of individuals reaching predefined meaningful change or state (11/58 (16%)). SLRs in other chronic diseases confirmed heterogeneity and methodological flaws identified in IA studies without identifying new issues. CONCLUSION: High methodological heterogeneity was observed in studies with WP as outcome domain. Consensus around various methodological aspects specific to WP studies is needed to improve quality of future studies. This review informs the EULAR Points to Consider for conducting and reporting studies with WP as an outcome in IA.

6.
7.
RMD Open ; 7(1)2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33574116

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is a global health problem. Beside the specific pathogenic effect of SARS-CoV-2, incompletely understood deleterious and aberrant host immune responses play critical roles in severe disease. Our objective was to summarise the available information on the pathophysiology of COVID-19. METHODS: Two reviewers independently identified eligible studies according to the following PICO framework: P (population): patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection; I (intervention): any intervention/no intervention; C (comparator): any comparator; O (outcome) any clinical or serological outcome including but not limited to immune cell phenotype and function and serum cytokine concentration. RESULTS: Of the 55 496 records yielded, 84 articles were eligible for inclusion according to question-specific research criteria. Proinflammatory cytokine expression, including interleukin-6 (IL-6), was increased, especially in severe COVID-19, although not as high as other states with severe systemic inflammation. The myeloid and lymphoid compartments were differentially affected by SARS-CoV-2 infection depending on disease phenotype. Failure to maintain high interferon (IFN) levels was characteristic of severe forms of COVID-19 and could be related to loss-of-function mutations in the IFN pathway and/or the presence of anti-IFN antibodies. Antibody response to SARS-CoV-2 infection showed a high variability across individuals and disease spectrum. Multiparametric algorithms showed variable diagnostic performances in predicting survival, hospitalisation, disease progression or severity, and mortality. CONCLUSIONS: SARS-CoV-2 infection affects both humoral and cellular immunity depending on both disease severity and individual parameters. This systematic literature review informed the EULAR 'points to consider' on COVID-19 pathophysiology and immunomodulatory therapies.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Imunidade Celular , Imunidade Humoral , Pandemias , /genética , Adulto , /virologia , Criança , Citocinas/metabolismo , Armadilhas Extracelulares/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Linfócitos/imunologia , Masculino , Fenótipo , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
8.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33589438

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To summarise the available information on efficacy and safety of immunomodulatory agents in SARS-CoV-2 infection. METHODS: As part of a European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) taskforce, a systematic literature search was conducted from January 2019 to 11 December 2020. Two reviewers independently identified eligible studies according to the Population, Intervention, Comparator and Outcome framework and extracted data on efficacy and safety of immunomodulatory agents used therapeutically in SARS-CoV-2 infection at any stage. The risk of bias was assessed with validated tools. RESULTS: Of the 60 372 records, 401 articles were eligible for inclusion. Studies were at variable risk of bias. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) were available for the following drugs: hydroxychloroquine (n=12), glucocorticoids (n=6), tocilizumab (n=4), convalescent plasma (n=4), interferon beta (n=2), intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIg) (n=2) and n=1 each for anakinra, baricitinib, colchicine, leflunomide, ruxolitinib, interferon kappa and vilobelimab. Glucocorticoids were able to reduce mortality in specific subsets of patients, while conflicting data were available about tocilizumab. Hydroxychloroquine was not beneficial at any disease stage, one RCT with anakinra was negative, one RCT with baricitinib+remdesivir was positive, and individual trials on some other compounds provided interesting, although preliminary, results. CONCLUSION: Although there is emerging evidence about immunomodulatory therapies for the management of COVID-19, conclusive data are scarce with some conflicting data. Since glucocorticoids seem to improve survival in some subsets of patients, RCTs comparing glucocorticoids alone versus glucocorticoids plus anticytokine/immunomodulatory treatment are warranted. This systematic literature review informed the initiative to formulate EULAR 'points to consider' on COVID-19 pathophysiology and immunomodulatory treatment from the rheumatology perspective.

9.
RMD Open ; 7(1)2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33514672

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Although patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are increasingly used in clinical practice and research, it is unclear whether these instruments cover the perspective of young people with inflammatory arthritis (IA). The aims of this study were to explore whether PROMs commonly used in IA adequately cover the perspective of young people from different European countries. METHODS: A multinational qualitative study was conducted in Austria, Croatia, Italy and the Netherlands. Young people with either rheumatoid arthritis (RA), juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), Still's disease, psoriatic arthritis (PsA) or spondyloarthritis (SpA), aged 18-35 years, participated in semistructured focus group interviews. Thematic analysis was used and data saturation was defined as no new emergent concepts in at least three subsequent focus groups. RESULTS: Fifty-three patients (21 with RA/JIA/Still's, 17 with PsA, 15 with SpA; 72% women) participated in 12 focus groups. Participants expressed a general positive attitude towards PROMs and emphasised their importance in clinical practice. In addition, 48 lower level concepts were extracted and summarised into 6 higher level concepts describing potential issues for improvement. These included: need for lay-term information regarding the purpose of using PROMs; updates of certain outdated items and using digital technology for data acquisition. Some participants admitted their tendency to rate pain, fatigue or disease activity differently from what they actually felt for various reasons. CONCLUSIONS: Despite their general positive attitude, young people with IA suggested areas for PROM development to ensure that important concepts are included, making PROMs relevant over the entire course of a chronic disease.

10.
Future Cardiol ; 2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33269638

RESUMO

Aims: We report the 6-year results of our use of the Nellix® endovascular aneurysm sealing system. Materials & methods: This is a retrospective review of patients we treated from 2013 to 2019. The outcomes described include technical success rate, mortality, all procedure-related complications, reinterventions, open surgical conversion and secondary sac rupture. Results & conclusions: A total of 68 patients were treated. Mortality was 2.9%. Secondary interventions were carried out for distal embolization (3), stent occlusion (1), pseudoaneurysm (1) and endoleak (5). Open surgical conversion was required in 6.4% of cases. Medium- and long-term complications of EVAS occurred more frequently than expected. Because the durability of endovascular aneurysm sealing is questionable, strict postoperative surveillance of Nellix is crucial to identify features of failure.

11.
Panminerva Med ; 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33274907

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by a chronic inflammatory process mainly affecting the exocrine glands but also burdened by a wide range of extraglandular manifestations. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is the most severe pSS complication worsening disease prognosis. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We summarized original articles published between April 2018 and May 2020 on this topic aiming to highlight novelties on lymphoma and lymphomagenesis. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Results have been grouped by epidemiology, etiopathogenesis and predictors of lymphoma. CONCLUSIONS: NHL is the most severe complication of pSS and occurs in around 5-10% of patients. Over the last two years, several clinical, serological, and histopathological features have been proposed as predictive for lymphoma in pSS patients, allowing early diagnosis and consequently, better management and prognosis. Individual monitoring for disease activity and possible lymphoma development is a central clue in the evaluation of pSS patients.

12.
J Ultrasound ; 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33165702

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy of duplex sonography (DUS) compared with that of computed tomography angiography (CTA) in detecting occlusion and stenosis in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in candidate patients for endovascular revascularization with intraprocedural digital subtraction angiography (DSA). METHODS: The study involved 94 patients suffering from PAD who were candidates for endovascular procedures requiring DSA. They were all submitted preoperatively to DUS and CTA. Based on image analysis, five segments of the arterial tree were assessed: iliac, common femoral, superficial femoral, popliteal, and infrageniculate. According to the stenosis or occlusion degree, the arteries were rated as nonstenotic, stenotic, and occluded. RESULTS: The agreement between DUS and CTA findings using DSA as a reference modality was expressed as a Cohen's kappa (κ) statistic agreement. Our results show that DUS has been less accurate than CTA in evaluating iliac arterial diseases (Cohen's κ agreement of 0.91 and 1.0, respectively) when measured against DSA. We found good diagnostic concordance between DUS and DSA in detecting hemodynamic stenosis and occlusion of the femoro-popliteal axis (Cohen's κ agreement between 0.96 and 0.93). Below the knee, CTA showed even less concordance with DSA (Cohen's κ 0.75). CONCLUSIONS: Because of its accuracy, high-quality DUS performed by well-trained operators may therefore represent a good alternative to CTA in patients undergoing endovascular revascularization to minimize the use of contrast-enhanced radiological imaging. Nevertheless, preoperative CTA imaging is required in cases of nondiagnostic DUS or when a more complete overview of the vascular tree is needed for complex invasive interventions.

14.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33158877

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate how the first wave of COVID-19 pandemic influenced decisions of rheumatologists and health professionals in rheumatology regarding the management of patients with inflammatory rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs). METHODS: An English-language questionnaire was developed by a EULAR working group and distributed via national rheumatology societies of EULAR countries, EMEUNET and individual working group members. Responses were collected using an online survey tool. Descriptive statistics were calculated. RESULTS: We analysed 1286 responses from 35/45 EULAR countries. Due to containment measures, 82% of respondents indicated cancellation/postponement of face-to-face visits of new patients (84% of them offering remote consultation) and 91% of follow-up visits (96% with remote consultation). The majority of respondents (58%) perceived that the interval between symptom onset and first rheumatological consultations was longer during containment restrictions than before. Treatment decisions were frequently postponed (34%), and the majority (74%) of respondents stated that it was less likely to start a biological disease modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD)/targeted synthetic DMARD during the pandemic, mainly because of patients' fear, limited availability of screening procedures and decreased availability of rheumatological services. Use of (hydroxy)chloroquine (HCQ) and tocilizumab (TCZ) for the COVID-19 indication was reported by 47% and 42% of respondents, respectively, leading to a shortage of these drugs for RMDs indications according to 49% and 14% of respondents, respectively. CONCLUSION: Measures related to containment of COVID-19 pandemic led to a perceived delay between symptom onset and a first rheumatological visit, postponement of treatment decisions, and shortage of HCQ and TCZ, thereby negatively impacting early treatment and treat-to-target strategies.

15.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 38 Suppl 126(4): 166-173, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025895

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Articular manifestations (AMs) are observed in a large proportion of patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) and can occur at the time of pSS diagnosis or during the disease course. Although in the majority of cases AMs are mild and self-limiting, some patients may experience chronic polyarthritis requiring treatment with DMARDs. Ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can help assessing the extent of articular involvement and guide the treatment. The aim of this study was to describe clinical, serological, and histological picture of a cohort of pSS patients with AMs. METHODS: Clinical and serological records were retrospectively evaluated and either US or MRI were performed to evaluate AMs and their features were described according to the OMERACT scoring systems. RESULTS: One hundred and thirty-three pSS patients were enrolled, of whom 115 (86%) with articular involvement. In particular, 91 patients (68%) displayed AMs at the time of pSS diagnosis while 24 patients (32%) during the course of the disease. Patients with AMs during the disease course were diagnosed with pSS at a younger age and reported a higher VAS dryness compared to patients displaying AMs at pSS onset. Hands and wrists were the most frequently involved sites followed by knees, shoulders and ankles. Overall, a consistent number of abnormalities were detected, more by MRI than US. Hands and wrists were the most frequently evaluated sites and the prevalence of all MRI abnormalities was similar between the different sites and comparable between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: pSS AMs encompass a wide disease spectrum ranging from arthralgia to erosive arthritis resembling RA and therefore represent an important determinant of patients' quality of life. Imaging techniques such as US and MRI may be useful in the follow-up of pSS patients for prompt identification of AMs, for the quantification of their extent and ultimately for providing guidance on treatment and improving patient care.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Sjogren , Humanos , Articulações , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Síndrome de Sjogren/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia
16.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 38 Suppl 126(4): 189-194, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33095153

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) has been implicated in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) and related B-cell lymphoproliferation and lymphoma (NHL) by studies on salivary pathologic tissues and serum. The purpose of this work was to validate serum TSLP as biomarker of pSS and related lymphoproliferation by the study of two additional independent cohorts. METHODS: Serum TSLP was measured by ELISA in the original published Cohort-1 from Udine, Italy, including 91 patients. Two additional cohorts were then studied for validation: Cohort-2, including 4 sub-cohorts comprising 125 patients from the Universities of Roma, L'Aquila, Pisa and Perugia, belonging to the Italian SS Study Group (GRISS), and Cohort-3, including 59 patients from the University of Athens, Greece. Overall, 159 control subjects were enrolled. Active pSS-NHL, as well as pre-lymphomatous conditions, i.e. persistent salivary gland swelling and mixed cryoglobulinaemia, were investigated in detail. In addition, serum samples from pSS-NHL in complete remission were analysed (n=27). RESULTS: TSLP serum levels were confirmed to be significantly higher in pSS compared to controls in both Cohort-2 and Cohort-3, in particular in patients with lymphoproliferation. Serum TSLP was much higher in pSS pre-lymphomatous conditions. Finally, active NHL showed the highest TSLP serum levels, while in NHL in remission TSLP resulted undetectable or significantly lower than in benign pSS. CONCLUSIONS: By the study of independent cohorts, it was again demonstrated that serum TSLP levels are increased in pSS, above all in more advanced B-cell lymphoproliferation and NHL. Serum TSLP can therefore represent a novel biomarker for pSS-related lymphoproliferation.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Sjogren , Biomarcadores , Citocinas , Grécia , Humanos , Itália , Síndrome de Sjogren/diagnóstico
17.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 7: 534, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015092

RESUMO

Introduction: Over the last two decades, rituximab (RTX) has been widely used, albeit off-label, in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). Several studies reported that B lymphocyte depletion with RTX is effective to treat some aspects within the disease spectrum, by reducing disease activity and affecting the inflammation and lymphoid organization that occur in target tissues. Notwithstanding, randomized controlled trials failed to confirm such evidence. With the recent release of several RTX biosimilars on the market, their efficacy and safety compared to the originator must be ascertained across different indications. This study aimed at comparing efficacy and safety of RTX originator and CT-P10 RTX biosimilar in pSS patients in a real-life setting. Methods: Clinical and laboratory records of pSS patients referring to a tertiary rheumatology clinic were retrospectively evaluated. Patients having received at least two courses of either RTX originator or CT-P10 with complete data at baseline and after 12, 24, 36, and 48 weeks of treatment were enrolled. Disease activity was assessed with the EULAR Sjögren's Syndrome Disease Activity Index (ESSDAI) and its clinical version without the biological domain (clinESSDAI). Patient-reported symptoms were assessed with the EULAR Sjögren's Syndrome Patient-Reported Index (ESSPRI). Adverse events (AEs) occurring during the study period were also recorded. Results: Nine patients who received RTX originator and eight patients who received CT-P10 were enrolled. Baseline clinical and serological features, including ESSDAI and ESSPRI, were similar in the two treatment groups. An efficient depletion of circulating CD19+ B lymphocytes was achieved in both treatment arms. Both RTX originator and CT-P10 significantly reduced ESSDAI and clinESSDAI by week 24, and no difference between the groups was observed at any timepoint. Conversely, changes of ESSPRI overtime did not differ between the two treatment arms and were not statistically significant compared to corresponding baseline values. With regard to safety, at 48 weeks of follow-up, only four mild AEs (two in the RTX originator and two in the CT-P10 group) were observed. Conclusion: Our study provides the first evidence that, at 48 weeks of follow-up, RTX originator and CT-P10 display similar efficacy and safety profiles in pSS.

18.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32940209

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The AQUEOUS (Anti-phospholipid syndrome: a QUEstionnaire for yOUng patientS) study aimed to assess how the diagnosis of primary anti-phospholipid syndrome (PAPS) affects the psychosocial status of young patients. METHODS: Subjects with PAPS aged 18-45 years were invited to compile an ad hoc designed questionnaire and the Short Form-12 to assess quality of life (QoL). RESULTS: Ninety-two patients (83.7% females) were recruited in 10 Italian centres. Vascular and obstetric manifestations were equally represented. Nearly half of the patients perceived the need for psychological support, 89.2% when considering women after pregnancy complications. Social activities and working efficiency were reduced in APS patients, also intimacy was threatened. In all cases, fatigue appeared to be the main determinant. PAPS affected family planning, due to fears of treatment side-effects, disease hereditariness, inability to care for the newborn child. Fertility appeared to be conserved: the median time to pregnancy was 2 months; assisted reproduction techniques were pursued by 5 women. Our survey documented significantly lower rates of hospitalisation and learning disabilities in 51 children born after APS diagnosis as compared to 48 children born before. PAPS patients displayed lower QoL in physical and, to a greater extent, mental scores compared to the general Italian population. Both components were significantly lower in women and in patients with fatigue. CONCLUSIONS: The AQUEOUS study assessed for the first time the unmet needs of young PAPS patients, enabling the development of a future "youth-focused" strategy to reduce disease burden.

19.
RMD Open ; 6(2)2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32883720

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To summarise the literature on the assessment of competences in postgraduate medical training. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed within a EULAR taskforce on the assessment of competences in rheumatology training and other related specialities (July 2019). Two searches were performed: one search for rheumatology and one for related medical specialities. Two reviewers independently identified eligible studies and extracted data on assessment methods. Risk of bias was assessed using the medical education research study quality instrument. RESULTS: Of 7335 articles in rheumatology and 2324 reviews in other specialities, 5 and 31 original studies were included, respectively. Studies in rheumatology were at variable risk of bias and explored only direct observation of practical skills (DOPS) and objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs). OSCEs, including clinical, laboratory and imaging stations, performed best, with a good to very good internal consistency (Cronbach's α=0.83-0.92), and intrarater reliability (r=0.80-0.95). OSCEs moderately correlated with other assessment tools: r=0.48 vs rating by programme directors; r=0.2-0.44 vs multiple-choice questionnaires; r=0.48 vs DOPS. In other specialities, OSCEs on clinical skills had a good to very good inter-rater reliability and OSCEs on communication skills demonstrated a good to very good internal consistency. Multisource feedback and the mini-clinical evaluation exercise showed good feasibility and internal consistency (reliability), but other data on validity and reliability were conflicting. CONCLUSION: Despite consistent data on competence assessment in other specialities, evidence in rheumatology is scarce and conflicting. Overall, OSCEs seem an appropriate tool to assess the competence of clinical skills and correlate well with other assessment strategies. DOPS, multisource feedback and the mini-clinical evaluation exercise are feasible alternatives.

20.
RMD Open ; 6(2)2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32934010

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multidisciplinary collaboration is defined as a collective work involving multiple disciplines and is common in clinical care and research. Our aim was to describe current clinical and research collaboration among young specialists and to identify unmet needs in this area. METHODS: An online survey was disseminated by email and social media to members of the EMerging EUlar NETwork, the Young Nephrologists' Platform, the Paediatric Rheumatology European Society Emerging Rheumatologists and Researchers and the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology Junior Members. RESULTS: Of 303 respondents from 36 countries, 61% were female, 21% were aged below 30 years and 67% were aged 31-40 years. Young rheumatologists were the most represented (39%), followed by young nephrologists (24%), young paediatricians (20%), young allergologists (11%) then young internists (3%) and 3% other specialities. Collaborations were reported frequently by phone and email, also by various combined clinics while common local multidisciplinary meetings were uncommon. 96% would like to develop clinical research collaborations and 69% basic research collaborations. The majority of young specialists would be interested in online (84%) and/or 1-2 days (85%) common courses including case discussion (81%) and training workshops (85%), as well as webinars recorded with several specialists on a specific disease (96%). CONCLUSIONS: This collaborative initiative highlighted wishes from young specialists for developing (1) regular local multidisciplinary meetings to discuss complex patients, (2) clinical research collaboration with combined grants and (3) multidisciplinary online projects such as common courses, webinars and apps.

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