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1.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(2): 179-186, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-990572

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: The objective of this study was to calculate the direct costs of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) in a high-complexity cardiovascular hospital. Methods: We performed a cost analysis with a pairwise-matched design. Twenty-two patients with POAF and 22 patients without this complication were included. Pair-matching was performed (1:1) based on the following criteria: identical type of surgery, similar EuroSCORE II values, and absence of any other postoperative complication. Results: The total hospital cost was significantly higher in the POAF group than in the non-POAF group (US$ 10,880 [± 2,688] vs. US$ 8,856 [± 1,782], respectively, for each patient; P=0.005). This difference was attributable to postoperative costs (US$ 3,103 [± 1,552] vs. US$ 1,238 [± 429]; P=0.0001) for patients with or without POAF, respectively. The median postoperative lengths of stay were 9 (range 5-17) and 5 (3-9) days for patients with and without POAF (P=0.032), respectively. Preoperatively, no differences were found in the EuroSCORE II values (median 1.7 vs. 1.6, respectively; P=0.91) or direct costs (US$ 1,127 vs. US$ 1,063, respectively; P=0.56) between POAF and non-POAF groups. Conclusion: POAF generates a high economic burden in the overall costs of cardiac surgery, and our results reveal the differential contribution of each of the evaluated factors. This information, which was previously unavailable in this setting, is essential for the development of more effective prevention strategies.

2.
BMC Emerg Med ; 19(1): 27, 2019 04 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30995927

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In low- and middle-income countries emergency surgery represents a higher proportion of the total number of surgeries and is associated with greater morbidity/mortality. Study aims were to determine if emergency department length of stay (ED-LOS) was associated with adverse perioperative outcomes and if such association varied across patient's risk categories. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted of adult patients who underwent orthopedic or abdominal emergency surgery at two Colombian University hospitals. The population comprised a mix of a representative sample of eligible cases, with unselected patients (2/3), enriched with a high-risk subset (1/3). ED-LOS was defined as the interval between emergency department arrival and surgery start time. Our primary outcome was an adverse perioperative outcome during hospitalization, which was a composite of in-hospital mortality or severe complications such as major cardiovascular adverse events, infection, renal failure and bleeding. RESULTS: Among 1487 patients analyzed, there were 519 adverse perioperative outcomes including 150 deaths. In the unselected sample (n = 998) 17.9% of patients presented an adverse perioperative outcome with a mortality of 4.9%. The median ED-LOS was 24.6 (IQR 12.5-53.2) hours. ED-LOS was associated with age, comorbidities and known risk factors for 30-day mortality. Patients developing an adverse perioperative outcome started surgery 27.1 h later than their counterparts. Prolonged ED-LOS increased the risk of an adverse perioperative outcome in patients without risk factors (covariate-adjusted OR = 2.52), while having 1-2 or 3+ risk factors was negatively associated (OR = 0.87 and 0.72, respectively, p < 0.001 for the interaction). CONCLUSION: Prolonged ED-LOS is associated with increased adverse perioperative outcome for patients without risk factors for mortality, but seems protective and medically justified for more complex cases.

3.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 34(2): 179-186, 2019 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30916128

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to calculate the direct costs of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) in a high-complexity cardiovascular hospital. METHODS: We performed a cost analysis with a pairwise-matched design. Twenty-two patients with POAF and 22 patients without this complication were included. Pair-matching was performed (1:1) based on the following criteria: identical type of surgery, similar EuroSCORE II values, and absence of any other postoperative complication. RESULTS: The total hospital cost was significantly higher in the POAF group than in the non-POAF group (US$ 10,880 [± 2,688] vs. US$ 8,856 [± 1,782], respectively, for each patient; P=0.005). This difference was attributable to postoperative costs (US$ 3,103 [± 1,552] vs. US$ 1,238 [± 429]; P=0.0001) for patients with or without POAF, respectively. The median postoperative lengths of stay were 9 (range 5-17) and 5 (3-9) days for patients with and without POAF (P=0.032), respectively. Preoperatively, no differences were found in the EuroSCORE II values (median 1.7 vs. 1.6, respectively; P=0.91) or direct costs (US$ 1,127 vs. US$ 1,063, respectively; P=0.56) between POAF and non-POAF groups. CONCLUSION: POAF generates a high economic burden in the overall costs of cardiac surgery, and our results reveal the differential contribution of each of the evaluated factors. This information, which was previously unavailable in this setting, is essential for the development of more effective prevention strategies.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/economia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/economia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/economia , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Feminino , Custos Hospitalares , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/economia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valores de Referência , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
4.
Invest Educ Enferm ; 36(2)2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30148941

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This work sought to assess the inter-observer agreement among expert nurses by using digital photographs and between these experts and the nursing registries in the electronic clinical record in the identification and degree of PL. METHODS: This was an observational study, including 225 photographic records (184 patients, 97 with pressure lesion and 128 registries without lesion) randomly selected from the total of photographs registered in the PENFUP clinical trial (without lesion). Three expert evaluators assessed said photographs in masked manner. The notes from nursing of patients included related with the description of PL were evaluated. The Kappa index was calculated along with the composite agreement ratio for each evaluation. RESULTS: Good agreement was observed among expert evaluators of photographic records on the presence of PL and between good-moderate for the degree of PL (I-II). Likewise, upon evaluating the agreement between the nursing registries of PL and the photographic assessment of the three expert evaluators of the same areas, good agreement was observed to determine the presence of PL and moderate agreement for the degrees of PL. CONCLUSIONS: Photographic records are a tool that permits recognizing the types of wounds, as well as the visualization of the different layers of skin injured. The study highlights the importance of assessment and validation by experts, given that it permits identifying existing problems that can lead to the underestimation or overestimation of PL when conducted by a single caregiver.

5.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 36(2): [E07], JUN 15 2018. Tab 1, Tab 2, Tab 3
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-905453

RESUMO

Objective. This work sought to assess the inter-observer agreement among expert nurses by using digital photographs and between these experts and the nursing registries in the electronic clinical record in the identification and degree of PL. Methods. This was an observational study, including 225 photographic records (184 patients, 97 with pressure lesion and 128 registries without lesion) randomly selected from the total of photographs registered in the PENFUP clinical trial (without lesion). Three expert evaluators assessed said photographs in masked manner. The notes from nursing of patients included related with the description of PL were evaluated. The Kappa index was calculated along with the composite agreement ratio for each evaluation. Results. Good agreement was observed among expert evaluators of photographic records on the presence of PL and between good-moderate for the degree of PL (I-II). Likewise, upon evaluating the agreement between the nursing registries of PL and the photographic assessment of the three expert evaluators of the same areas, good agreement was observed to determine the presence of PL and moderate agreement for the degrees of PL. Conclusion. Photographic records are a tool that permits recognizing the types of wounds, as well as the visualization of the different layers of skin injured. The study highlights the importance of assessment and validation by experts, given that it permits identifying existing problems that can lead to the underestimation or overestimation of PL when conducted by a single caregiver.(AU)


Objetivo. Evaluar la concordancia interobservador en la identificación y grado de las Lesiones Por Presión ­LPP- entre: i) enfermeros expertos utilizando fotografías digitales y, ii) entre estos expertos y los registros de enfermería en la historia clínica electrónica. Métodos. Estudio observacional, que incluyó 225 registros fotográficos (184 pacientes, 97 con lesión por presión y 128 registros sin lesión) seleccionados al azar del total de fotografías registradas en el ensayo clínico PENFUP. Tres evaluadores expertos valoraron las mismas fotografías de forma encubierta. Se evaluaron las notas de enfermería de los pacientes incluidos relacionadas con la descripción de LPP. Se calculó el índice Kappa y la proporción de acuerdo con el compuesto para cada evaluación. Resultados. Se observó una concordancia buena entre los evaluadores expertos de registros fotográficos sobre la presencia de LPP y entre buena y moderada para el grado de LPP (I-II). Así mismo, al evaluar la concordancia entre los registros de enfermería de LPP y la valoración fotográfica de los tres evaluadores expertos de las mismas áreas, se observó una concordancia buena para determinar la presencia de LPP moderada para la concordancia de los grados de LPP. Conclusión. Los registros fotográficos son una herramienta que permite el reconocimiento de los tipos de heridas al igual que la visualización de las diferentes capas de piel lesionadas. Se resalta la importancia de la evaluación y validación por expertos ya que nos permite identificar problemas existentes que pueden llevar a la subvaloración o sobrevaloración de las LPP cuando los realiza un solo cuidador. (AU)


Objetivo. Avaliar a concordância inter-observador na identificação e grau das Lesões Por Pressão ­LPP- entre: i) enfermeiros especialistas utilizando fotografias digitais e, ii) entre estes especialistas e os registros de enfermagem na história clínica eletrônica. Métodos. Estudo observacional, que incluiu 225 registros fotográficos (184 pacientes, 97 com lesão por pressão e 128 registros sem lesão) selecionados por azar do total de fotografias registradas no ensaio clínico PENFUP. Três avaliadores especialistas avaliaram as mesmas fotografias de forma encoberta. Se avaliaram as notas de enfermagem dos pacientes incluídos relacionadas com a descrição da LPP. Se calculou o índice Kappa e a proporção de acordo composto para cada avaliação. Resultados. Se observou uma boa concordância entre os avaliadores especialistas de registros fotográficos sobre a presença de LPP e entre boa e moderada para o grau de LPP (I-II). Assim mesmo, ao avaliar a concordância entre os registros de enfermagem de LPP e a valorização fotográfica dos três avaliadores especialistas das mesmas áreas, se observou uma boa concordância para determinar a presença de LPP e moderada para a concordância dos graus de LPP. Conclusão. Os registros fotográficos são uma ferramenta que permite o reconhecimento dos tipos de feridas ao igual que a visualização das diferentes capas de pele lesionadas. Se recalca a importância da avaliação e validação por especialistas já que nos permite identificar problemas existentes que podem levar à subvalorização ou sobrevalorização das LPP quando os realiza um único cuidador.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Avaliação em Enfermagem , Registros de Enfermagem , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Fotografação , Lesão por Pressão , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
6.
Rehabil Nurs ; 43(2): 81-87, 2018 Mar/Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29499005

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of physical inactivity and its associated factors in adult patients admitted to hospital for noncardiac surgery. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Five hundred able-bodied patients (age ≥45 years) admitted to hospital, also participants in the VISION study, were recruited before noncardiac surgery. The physical activity level (PAL) was assessed with the International Physical of Activity Questionnaire. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine the associations between a number of predetermined factors and physical inactivity. FINDINGS: Overall, 59.8% were inactive. Factors associated with inactivity included age, assistance with activities of daily living, and insulin-dependent diabetes. CONCLUSION: A substantial number of patients scheduled for noncardiac surgery are inactive. Elderly patients, those needing assistance, and those with long-lasting diabetes may benefit from PAL assessment before surgery. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Healthcare providers should identify PALs and monitor for known risk factors to prepare patients for surgical procedures.


Assuntos
Exercício/fisiologia , Prevalência , Comportamento Sedentário , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Rehabil Nurs ; 2016 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27805269

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of physical inactivity and its associated factors in adult patients admitted to hospital for noncardiac surgery. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Five hundred able-bodied patients (age ≥45 years) admitted to hospital, also participants in the VISION study, were recruited before noncardiac surgery. The physical activity level (PAL) was assessed with the International Physical of Activity Questionnaire. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine the associations between a number of predetermined factors and physical inactivity. FINDINGS: Overall, 59.8% were inactive. Factors associated with inactivity included age, assistance with activities of daily living, and insulin-dependent diabetes. CONCLUSION: A substantial number of patients scheduled for noncardiac surgery are inactive. Elderly patients, those needing assistance and those with long-lasting diabetes may benefit from PAL assessment before surgery. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Healthcare providers should identify PALs and monitor for known risk factors to prepare patients for surgical procedures.

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