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J Med Microbiol ; 69(6): 850-853, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32430095


Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic skin disease that affects up to 20 % of the paediatric population worldwide. Staphylococcus aureus colonizes anterior nares and can be transmitted in the home environment, aggravating AD. This study aimed to detect S. aureus from nares of AD patients and their family contacts, as well as to evaluate the antimicrobial resistance, virulence and clonality of these isolates. Among the 48 family groups investigated, 30 groups were selected, as both the child and his/her respective contact had methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) (24 cases; 54 MSSA isolates) or methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) isolates (6 cases; 13 MRSA isolates). All MRSA isolates carried SCCmec IV. S. aureus carrying PVL genes were detected in 60 % of patients. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) analysis was performed for 31 isolates from 15 family groups: all 6 with MRSA and 9 with MSSA isolates. Similar genotypic profiles between isolates from patients and their family contacts were noted in 10 (66.6 %) family groups, 5 (83.3 %) of the MRSA family groups and 5 (55.5 %) of the MSSA family groups, indicating that the pathogen was transmitted through family contacts.

Dermatite Atópica/microbiologia , Mucosa Nasal/microbiologia , Staphylococcus aureus/genética , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Eletroforese em Gel de Campo Pulsado , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/genética , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos
Am J Infect Control ; 45(11): 1190-1193, 2017 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28751036


BACKGROUND: Infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are associated with greater mortality and morbidity; however, risk factors for community-acquired infections caused by MRSA have not been established. Therefore, community patients who are admitted to hospitals without the necessary contact precautions and are infected with community-acquired lineages eventually cause these lineages to spread to these settings. The aim of this study was to detect community-acquired lineages of MRSA in patients on admission to a Brazilian teaching hospital. METHODS: The antimicrobial susceptibility of the MRSA isolates from nasal swabs was evaluated as was the molecular characteristics of the staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec). The clonality was determined using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and multilocus sequence type analysis. RESULTS: A total of 702 patients were evaluated between March 2012 and March 2013; 180 (25%) of them were colonized by S aureus, and 21 (3%) were MRSA. The SCCmec IV/USA1100/sequence type (ST) 30 was the predominant MRSA lineage (42.8%), followed by SCCmec IV/USA800/ST5 (23.8%). CONCLUSIONS: The occurrence of MRSA colonization was very low, and only 1 patient from cardiac surgery developed an infection, which was caused by an SCCmec II/USA100/ST5 isolate. Screening for MRSA colonization on admission does not seem to be productive; however, for populations submitted to specific surgeries, active surveillance should be implemented.

Infecção Hospitalar/epidemiologia , Hospitais de Ensino/estatística & dados numéricos , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina , Infecções Estafilocócicas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Infecção Hospitalar/tratamento farmacológico , Infecção Hospitalar/microbiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Prospectivos , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Estafilocócicas/microbiologia , Adulto Jovem