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2.
Eur Heart J ; 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31237939

RESUMO

AIMS: To determine the 1-year risk of stroke and other adverse outcomes in patients with a new diagnosis of perioperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) after non-cardiac surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS: The PeriOperative ISchemic Evaluation (POISE)-1 trial evaluated the effects of metoprolol vs. placebo in 8351 patients, and POISE-2 compared the effect of aspirin vs. placebo, and clonidine vs. placebo in 10 010 patients. These trials included patients with, or at risk of, cardiovascular disease who were undergoing non-cardiac surgery. For the purpose of this study, we combined the POISE datasets, excluding 244 patients who were in atrial fibrillation (AF) at the time of randomization. Perioperative atrial fibrillation was defined as new AF that occurred within 30 days after surgery. Our primary outcome was the incidence of stroke at 1 year of follow-up; secondary outcomes were mortality and myocardial infarction (MI). We compared outcomes among patients with and without POAF using multivariable adjusted Cox proportional hazards models. Among 18 117 patients (mean age 69 years, 57.4% male), 404 had POAF (2.2%). The stroke incidence 1 year after surgery was 5.58 vs. 1.54 per 100 patient-years in patients with and without POAF, adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) 3.43, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.00-5.90; P < 0.001. Patients with POAF also had an increased risk of death (incidence 31.37 vs. 9.34; aHR 2.51, 95% CI 2.01-3.14; P < 0.001) and MI (incidence 26.20 vs. 8.23; aHR 5.10, 95% CI 3.91-6.64; P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Patients with POAF have a significantly increased risk of stroke, MI, and death at 1 year. Intervention studies are needed to evaluate risk reduction strategies in this high-risk population.

4.
Cardiovasc Drugs Ther ; 33(3): 307-314, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30820802

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Sacubitril/valsartan reduced heart failure (HF) admissions and cardiovascular mortality in the PARADIGM-HF trial. However, real-life studies are scarce comparing daily practice patients with those of the trial. The aim of our study was to analyze the efficacy and safety of the drug in an advanced heart failure cohort and to review systematically the previous real-life studies published to date. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of consecutive patients prescribed sacubitril/valsartan in a single tertiary HF clinic between September 2016 and February 2018. HF admissions before and after the initiation of the drug were assessed in a paired fashion. A systematic review of real-life studies published to date was also conducted. RESULTS: Sacubitril/valsartan was started in 108 patients who were in a more advanced NYHA class and more frequently treated with mineral receptor antagonists, internal cardiac defibrillator, and cardiac resynchronization therapy than in the PARADIGM-HF trial. After a 6-month follow-up, we observed a significant reduction in the HF hospitalizations, median levels of NT-proBNP, and need for levosimendan ambulatory perfusion. Likewise, we found a significant improvement in mean LVEF and end diastolic left ventricle diameter. Regarding safety, sacubitril/valsartan was well-tolerated without any severe adverse effect. CONCLUSION: Sacubitril/valsartan in real-life is prescribed to a more advanced HF population, which could be responsible for the difficulties in reaching high doses of the drug. However, after a 6-month follow-up, sacubitril/valsartan significantly reduces HF hospitalization and induces cardiac reverse remodeling, without remarkable adverse events.

5.
Am J Cardiol ; 123(7): 1019-1025, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30658918

RESUMO

Previously reported electrocardiographic (ECG) criteria to distinguish left circumflex (LCCA) and right coronary artery (RCA) occlusion in patients with acute inferior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) afford a modest diagnostic accuracy. We aimed to develop a new algorithm overcoming limitations of previous studies. Clinical, ECG, and coronary angiographic data were analyzed in 230 nonselected patients with acute inferior STEMI who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention. A decision-tree analysis was used to develop a new ECG algorithm. The diagnostic accuracy of reported ECG criteria was reviewed. LCCA occlusion occurred in 111 cases and RCA in 119. We developed a 3-step algorithm that identified LCCA and RCA occlusion with a sensitivity of 77%, specificity of 86%, accuracy of 82%, and Youden index of 0.63. The area under the ROC curve was 0.85 and resulted 0.82 after a 10-fold cross validation. The key leads for LCCA occlusion were V3 (ST depression in V3/ST elevation in III >1.2) and V6 (ST elevation ≥0.1 mV or greater than III). The key leads for RCA occlusion were I and aVL (ST depression ≥ 0.1 mV). Fifteen of 21 reviewed studies had less than 20 cases of LCCA occlusion, only 48% performed primary percutaneous coronary intervention, and previous infarction or multivessel disease were often excluded. The diagnostic accuracy of reported ECG criteria decreased when applied to our study population. In conclusion, we report a simple and highly discriminative 3-step ECG algorithm to differentiate LCCA and RCA occlusion in an "all comers" population of patients with acute inferior STEMI. The diagnostic key ECG leads were V3 and V6 for LCCA and I and aVL for RCA occlusion.

6.
Ann Intern Med ; 168(4): 237-244, 2018 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29132159

RESUMO

Background: Uncertainty remains about the effects of aspirin in patients with prior percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) having noncardiac surgery. Objective: To evaluate benefits and harms of perioperative aspirin in patients with prior PCI. Design: Nonprespecified subgroup analysis of a multicenter factorial trial. Computerized Internet randomization was done between 2010 and 2013. Patients, clinicians, data collectors, and outcome adjudicators were blinded to treatment assignment. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01082874). Setting: 135 centers in 23 countries. Patients: Adults aged 45 years or older who had or were at risk for atherosclerotic disease and were having noncardiac surgery. Exclusions were placement of a bare-metal stent within 6 weeks, placement of a drug-eluting stent within 1 year, or receipt of nonstudy aspirin within 72 hours before surgery. Intervention: Aspirin therapy (overall trial, n = 4998; subgroup, n = 234) or placebo (overall trial, n = 5012; subgroup, n = 236) initiated within 4 hours before surgery and continued throughout the perioperative period. Of the 470 subgroup patients, 99.9% completed follow-up. Measurements: The 30-day primary outcome was death or nonfatal myocardial infarction; bleeding was a secondary outcome. Results: In patients with prior PCI, aspirin reduced the risk for the primary outcome (absolute risk reduction, 5.5% [95% CI, 0.4% to 10.5%]; hazard ratio [HR], 0.50 [CI, 0.26 to 0.95]; P for interaction = 0.036) and for myocardial infarction (absolute risk reduction, 5.9% [CI, 1.0% to 10.8%]; HR, 0.44 [CI, 0.22 to 0.87]; P for interaction = 0.021). The effect on the composite of major and life-threatening bleeding in patients with prior PCI was uncertain (absolute risk increase, 1.3% [CI, -2.6% to 5.2%]). In the overall population, aspirin increased the risk for major bleeding (absolute risk increase, 0.8% [CI, 0.1% to 1.6%]; HR, 1.22 [CI, 1.01 to 1.48]; P for interaction = 0.50). Limitation: Nonprespecified subgroup analysis with small sample. Conclusion: Perioperative aspirin may be more likely to benefit rather than harm patients with prior PCI. Primary Funding Source: Canadian Institutes of Health Research.

7.
Anesthesiology ; 128(2): 317-327, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29189290

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relative contributions of intraoperative and postoperative hypotension to perioperative morbidity remain unclear. We determined the association between hypotension and a composite of 30-day myocardial infarction and death over three periods: (1) intraoperative, (2) remaining day of surgery, and (3) during the initial four postoperative days. METHODS: This was a substudy of POISE-2, a 10,010-patient factorial-randomized trial of aspirin and clonidine for prevention of myocardial infarction. Clinically important hypotension was defined as systolic blood pressure less than 90 mmHg requiring treatment. Minutes of hypotension was the exposure variable intraoperatively and for the remaining day of surgery, whereas hypotension status was treated as binary variable for postoperative days 1 to 4. We estimated the average relative effect of hypotension across components of the composite using a distinct effect generalized estimating model, adjusting for hypotension during earlier periods. RESULTS: Among 9,765 patients, 42% experienced hypotension, 590 (6.0%) had an infarction, and 116 (1.2%) died within 30 days of surgery. Intraoperatively, the estimated average relative effect across myocardial infarction and mortality was 1.08 (98.3% CI, 1.03, 1.12; P < 0.001) per 10-min increase in hypotension duration. For the remaining day of surgery, the odds ratio was 1.03 (98.3% CI, 1.01, 1.05; P < 0.001) per 10-min increase in hypotension duration. The average relative effect odds ratio was 2.83 (98.3% CI, 1.26, 6.35; P = 0.002) in patients with hypotension during the subsequent four days of hospitalization. CONCLUSIONS: Clinically important hypotension-a potentially modifiable exposure-was significantly associated with a composite of myocardial infarction and death during each of three perioperative periods, even after adjustment for previous hypotension.


Assuntos
Hipotensão/epidemiologia , Complicações Intraoperatórias/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
8.
PeerJ ; 5: e3664, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28852591

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetes is one of the major risk factors for peripheral arterial disease. In patients in whom surgery cannot be performed, cell therapy may be an alternative treatment. Since time is crucial for these patients, we propose the use of allogenic mesenchymal cells. METHODS: We obtained mesenchymal cells derived from the fat tissue of a healthy Sprague-Dawley rat. Previous diabetic induction with streptozotocin in 40 male Sprague-Dawley rats, ligation plus left iliac and femoral artery sections were performed as a previously described model of ischemia. After 10 days of follow-up, macroscopic and histo-pathological analysis was performed to evaluate angiogenic and inflammatory parameters in the repair of the injured limb. All samples were evaluated by the same blind researcher. Statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS v.11.5 program (P < 0.05). RESULTS: Seventy percent of the rats treated with streptozotocin met the criteria for diabetes. Macroscopically, cell-treated rats presented better general and lower ischemic clinical status, and histologically, a better trend towards angiogenesis, greater infiltration of type 2 macrophages and a shortening of the inflammatory process. However, only the inflammatory variables were statistically significant. No immunological reaction was observed with the use of allogeneic cells. DISCUSSION: The application of allogeneic ASCs in a hind limb ischemic model in diabetic animals shows no rejection reactions and a reduction in inflammatory parameters in favor of better repair of damaged tissue. These results are consistent with other lines of research in allogeneic cell therapy. This approach might be a safe, effective treatment option that makes it feasible to avoid the time involved in the process of isolation, expansion and production of the use of autologous cells.

9.
Am J Cardiol ; 120(9): 1487-1494, 2017 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28842146

RESUMO

The utility of the electrocardiogram (ECG) in patients with acute left circumflex (LC) coronary occlusion is not established. This study aimed at determining the clinical, angiographic, and prognostic characteristics associated with the different patterns of ST-segment changes in patients with LC occlusion. A cohort of 314 patients with LC occlusion was categorized according to the admission ECG: (1) ST-segment elevation (ST-E, n=208), (2) isolated ST-segment depression in precordial leads (ST-D, n=62), and (3) negligible ST-segment changes (No-ST, n=44). Clinical variables, coronary angiography, and 30-day major adverse cardiac event (MACE) (in-hospital ventricular fibrillation, 1-month mortality, or heart failure) were compared among the three groups. As compared with No-ST, patients with ST-E or ST-D presented more advanced Killip class, higher troponin peak, lower LV ejection fraction, and were independently associated with MACE (odds ratio 5.43, 95% confidence interval 1.09 to 27.20 and odds ratio 3.39, 95% confidence interval 0.66 to 17.50, respectively). Patients with ST-D were tardily reperfused, had more often mitral regurgitation (23.1% vs 9.3% in ST-E and 3.3% in No-ST, p=0.03), and presented ST-segment elevation in leads V7 to V9 in 12 of 16 cases with available recordings. Culprit proximal LC predominated in ST-D (41.9%), distal LC in ST-E (42.8%), and obtuse marginal in No-ST (59.1%) (all p<0.01). The No-ST had smaller coronary vessels and more collaterals. In conclusion, the three ST-segment patterns of LC occlusion identify patients with different clinical, angiographic, and prognostic characteristics. Patients with ST-depression pattern require a prompt reperfusion therapy and could be better recognized by recording leads V7 to V9.


Assuntos
Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico , Oclusão Coronária/fisiopatologia , Eletrocardiografia , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Oclusão Coronária/terapia , Feminino , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 70(5): 338-346, mayo 2017. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-162911

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: La guía de insuficiencia cardiaca de la Sociedad Europea de Cardiología define un nuevo grupo de pacientes con fracción de eyección del ventrículo izquierdo intermedia (40-49%) (ICFEi) cuyas características y pronóstico no están bien definidos. Nuestro objetivo es analizar este grupo en pacientes hospitalizados por insuficiencia cardiaca (Registro REDINSCOR II). Métodos: Estudio observacional prospectivo de 1.420 pacientes clasificados según la fracción de eyección: deprimida (ICFEd), < 40%; intermedia (ICFEi), 40-49% y conservada (ICFEc), ≥ 50%. Se comparan entre los 3 grupos las características clínicas, la mortalidad y sus causas y los ingresos por insuficiencia cardiaca al mes, a los 6 meses y al año. Se obtuvo la puntuación de propensión emparejando según grupo de fracción de eyección. Resultados: La distribución de pacientes fue: 583 (41%) con ICFEd, 227 (16%) con ICFEi y 610 (43%) con ICFEc. El grupo con ICFEi se parece más al de ICFEc en cuanto a edad, prevalencia de hipertensión arterial y fibrilación auricular, aunque comparte con la ICFEd el predominio de varones, la etiología isquémica y el mayor uso de fármacos clase I para ICFEd. Las demás características fueron intermedias. No se detectaron diferencias entre los 3 grupos en la mortalidad total, las causas de muerte y los reingresos por insufiencia cardiaca. Esta similitud en el pronóstico se confirmó en el análisis ajustado por puntuación de propensión. Conclusiones: El grupo de pacientes con ICFEi comparte características con los de ICFEc e ICFEd, aunque está más próximo al de ICFEc. La mortalidad total, las causas de muerte o las rehospitalizaciones por insuficiencia cardiaca eran similares en los 3 grupos (AU)


Introduction and objectives: European Society of Cardiology heart failure guidelines include a new patient category with mid-range (40%-49%) left ventricular ejection fraction (HFmrEF). HFmrEF patient characteristics and prognosis are poorly defined. The aim of this study was to analyze the HFmrEF category in a cohort of hospitalized heart failure patients (REDINSCOR II Registry). Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted with 1420 patients classified according to ejection fraction as follows: HFrEF, < 40%; HFmrEF, 40%-49%; and HFpEF, ≥ 50%. Baseline patient characteristics were examined, and outcome measures were mortality and readmission for heart failure at 1-, 6-, and 12-month follow-up. Propensity score matching was used to compare the HFmrEF group with the other ejection fraction groups. Results: Among the study participants, 583 (41%) had HFrEF, 227 (16%) HFmrEF, and 610 (43%) HFpEF. HFmrEF patients had a clinical profile similar to that of HFpEF patients in terms of age, blood pressure, and atrial fibrillation prevalence, but shared with HFrEF patients a higher proportion of male participants and ischemic etiology, and use of class I drugs targeting HFrEF. All other features were intermediate, and comorbidities were similar among the 3 groups. There were no significant differences in all-cause mortality, cause of death, or heart failure readmission. The similar outcomes were confirmed in the propensity score matched cohorts. Conclusions: The HFmrEF patient group has characteristics between the HFrEF and HFpEF groups, with more similarities to the HFpEF group. No between-group differences were observed in total mortality, cause of death, or heart failure readmission (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Biomarcadores/análise , Estudos Prospectivos
12.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 70(5): 347-354, mayo 2017. graf, tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-162912

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: La especialidad responsable del paciente hospitalizado por insuficiencia cardiaca (IC) tiene impacto pronóstico, pero esta cuestión no está clara en el medio ambulatorio. Nuestro objetivo es comparar el perfil clínico y pronóstico de pacientes ambulatorios con IC tratados por cardiólogos o internistas. Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo en el que se analizan los datos de 2 registros multicéntricos nacionales, REDINSCOR (n = 2.150, cardiología) y RICA (n = 1.396, medicina interna). Para medir el efecto del especialista, se realizó un emparejamiento por puntuación de propensión que incluyó sus principales diferencias clínicas. Resultados: Los pacientes a cargo de cardiología fueron frecuentemente varones, jóvenes, con IC isquémica y fracción de eyección del ventrículo izquierdo (FEVI) reducida. Entre los seguidos por medicina interna predominó el sexo femenino, la edad avanzada, un mayor porcentaje con FEVI preservada y comorbilidades. La mortalidad a los 9 meses fue menor entre los pacientes del REDINSCOR (el 11,6 frente al 16,9%; p < 0,001), con una tasa de reingreso por IC similar (el 15,7 frente al 16,9%; p = 0,349). La puntuación de propensión seleccionó a 558 parejas comparables y continuó mostrando una mortalidad significativamente menor entre los pacientes tratados por cardiología (el 12,0 frente al 18,8%; riesgo relativo = 0,64; intervalo de confianza del 95%, 0,48-0,85; p = 0,002), sin diferencias en el reingreso (el 18,1 frente al 17,2%; riesgo relativo = 0,95; intervalo de confianza del 95%, 0,74-1,22; p = 0,695). Conclusiones: Edad, sexo, FEVI y comorbilidades contribuyen al distinto perfil de los pacientes con IC según especialidad. Después del emparejamiento por puntuación de propensión, la mortalidad a los 9 meses fue menor entre los pacientes a cargo de cardiología (AU)


Introduction and objectives: The specialty treating patients with heart failure (HF) has a prognostic impact in the hospital setting but this issue remains under debate in the ambulatory environment. We aimed to compare the clinical profile and outcomes of outpatients with HF treated by cardiologists or internists. Methods: We analyzed the clinical, electrocardiogram, laboratory, and echocardiographic data of 2 prospective multicenter Spanish cohorts of outpatients with HF treated by cardiologists (REDINSCOR, n = 2150) or by internists (RICA, n = 1396). Propensity score matching analysis was used to test the influence of physician specialty on outcome. Results: Cardiologist-treated patients were often men, were younger, and had ischemic etiology and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Patients followed up by internists were predominantly women, were older, and a higher percentage had preserved LVEF and associated comorbidities. The 9-month mortality was lower in the REDINSCOR cohort (11.6% vs 16.9%; P < .001), but the 9-month HF-readmission rates were similar (15.7% vs 16.9%; P = .349). The propensity matching analysis selected 558 pairs of comparable patients and continued to show significantly lower 9-month mortality in the cardiology cohort (12.0% vs 18.8%; RR, 0.64; 95% confidence interval [95%CI], 0.48-0.85; P = .002), with no relevant differences in the 9-month HF-readmission rate (18.1% vs 17.2%; RR, 0.95; 95%CI, 0.74-1.22; P = .695). Conclusions: Age, sex, LVEF and comorbidities were major determinants of specialty-related referral in HF outpatients. An in-depth propensity matched analysis showed significantly lower 9-month mortality in the cardiologist cohort (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Prognóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Registros de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos , Assistência Ambulatorial/estatística & dados numéricos , Progressão da Doença , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Especialização/tendências
14.
Int J Cardiol ; 240: 265-270, 2017 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28318662

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The intermediate group of patients with heart failure (HF) and mid-range left ventricular ejection fraction (HFmrEF) may constitute a specific phenotype, but a direct evidence is lacking. This study aimed to know whether this HF category is accompanied by a particular clinical phenotype and prognosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study includes 3446 ambulatory patients with chronic HF from two national registries. According to EF at enrollment, patients were classified as reduced (HFrEF, <40%), mid-range (HFmrEF, 40-49%) or preserved (HFpEF, ≥50%). Patients were followed-up for a median of 41months and the specific cause of death was prospectively registered. Patients with HFmrEF represented 13% of population and they exhibited a phenotype closer to HFrEF, except for a higher rate of coronary revascularization and diabetes, and a less advanced HF syndrome. The observed all-cause mortality was higher among HFrEF (33.0%), and similar between HFmrEF (27.8%) and HFpEF (28.0%) (p=0.012); however, the contribution of each cause of death differed significantly between categories (p<0.001). After propensity score matching, the risk of cardiovascular death, HF death or sudden cardiac death did not differ between HFmrEF and HFrEF in paired samples; however, patients with HFmrEF were at higher risk of cardiovascular death (sHR 1.71, 95% CI 1.13-2.57, p=0.011) and sudden cardiac death (sHR 2.73, 95% CI 1.07-6.98, p=0.036) than patients with HFpEF. CONCLUSIONS: Patients in the intermediate category of HFmrEF conform a phenotype closer to the clinical profile of HFrEF, and associated to higher risk of sudden cardiac death and cardiovascular death than patients with HFpEF.


Assuntos
Assistência Ambulatorial , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Assistência Ambulatorial/tendências , Causas de Morte , Doença Crônica , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros
15.
Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) ; 70(5): 347-354, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28189543

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The specialty treating patients with heart failure (HF) has a prognostic impact in the hospital setting but this issue remains under debate in the ambulatory environment. We aimed to compare the clinical profile and outcomes of outpatients with HF treated by cardiologists or internists. METHODS: We analyzed the clinical, electrocardiogram, laboratory, and echocardiographic data of 2 prospective multicenter Spanish cohorts of outpatients with HF treated by cardiologists (REDINSCOR, n=2150) or by internists (RICA, n=1396). Propensity score matching analysis was used to test the influence of physician specialty on outcome. RESULTS: Cardiologist-treated patients were often men, were younger, and had ischemic etiology and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Patients followed up by internists were predominantly women, were older, and a higher percentage had preserved LVEF and associated comorbidities. The 9-month mortality was lower in the REDINSCOR cohort (11.6% vs 16.9%; P<.001), but the 9-month HF-readmission rates were similar (15.7% vs 16.9%; P=.349). The propensity matching analysis selected 558 pairs of comparable patients and continued to show significantly lower 9-month mortality in the cardiology cohort (12.0% vs 18.8%; RR, 0.64; 95% confidence interval [95%CI], 0.48-0.85; P=.002), with no relevant differences in the 9-month HF-readmission rate (18.1% vs 17.2%; RR, 0.95; 95%CI, 0.74-1.22; P=.695). CONCLUSIONS: Age, sex, LVEF and comorbidities were major determinants of specialty-related referral in HF outpatients. An in-depth propensity matched analysis showed significantly lower 9-month mortality in the cardiologist cohort.


Assuntos
Assistência Ambulatorial , Cardiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Internato e Residência , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Pontuação de Propensão , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Sistema de Registros , Espanha
16.
Heart Rhythm ; 14(2): 265-272, 2017 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27737802

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The repolarization pattern of the human heart is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to perform a multisite analysis of the activation-repolarization patterns and mRNA expression patterns of ion channel subunits in isolated human hearts. METHODS: Hearts from 3 donors without reported cardiac disease were Langendorff perfused with the patient's own blood. A standard ECG was obtained before explantation. Up to 92 unipolar electrograms from 24 transmural needles were obtained during right atrial pacing. Local activation and repolarization times and activation-recovery intervals (ARI) were measured. The mRNA levels of subunits of the channels carrying the transient outward current and slow and rapid components of the delayed rectifier current were determined by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction at up to 63 sites. RESULTS: The repolarization gradients in the 3 hearts were different and occurred along all axes without midmural late repolarization. A negative activation-repolarization relationship occurred along the epicardium, but this relationship was positive in the whole hearts. Coefficients of variation of mRNA levels (40%-80%) and of the Kv7.1 protein (alpha-subunit slow delayed rectifier channel) were larger than those of ARIs (7%-17%). The regional mRNA expression patterns were similar in the 3 hearts, unlike the ARI profiles. The expression level of individual mRNAs and of Kv7.1 did not correlate with local ARIs at the same sites. CONCLUSION: In the normal human heart, repolarization gradients encompass all axes, without late midmural repolarization. Last activated areas do not repolarize first as previously assumed. Gradients of mRNAs of single ion channel subunits and of ARIs do not correlate.


Assuntos
Coração , Canal de Potássio KCNQ1/metabolismo , Potenciais de Ação/fisiologia , Técnicas Eletrofisiológicas Cardíacas/métodos , Coração/fisiologia , Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Período Refratário Eletrofisiológico/fisiologia , Projetos de Pesquisa
17.
Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) ; 70(5): 338-346, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28011188

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: European Society of Cardiology heart failure guidelines include a new patient category with mid-range (40%-49%) left ventricular ejection fraction (HFmrEF). HFmrEF patient characteristics and prognosis are poorly defined. The aim of this study was to analyze the HFmrEF category in a cohort of hospitalized heart failure patients (REDINSCOR II Registry). METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted with 1420 patients classified according to ejection fraction as follows: HFrEF, < 40%; HFmrEF, 40%-49%; and HFpEF, ≥ 50%. Baseline patient characteristics were examined, and outcome measures were mortality and readmission for heart failure at 1-, 6-, and 12-month follow-up. Propensity score matching was used to compare the HFmrEF group with the other ejection fraction groups. RESULTS: Among the study participants, 583 (41%) had HFrEF, 227 (16%) HFmrEF, and 610 (43%) HFpEF. HFmrEF patients had a clinical profile similar to that of HFpEF patients in terms of age, blood pressure, and atrial fibrillation prevalence, but shared with HFrEF patients a higher proportion of male participants and ischemic etiology, and use of class I drugs targeting HFrEF. All other features were intermediate, and comorbidities were similar among the 3 groups. There were no significant differences in all-cause mortality, cause of death, or heart failure readmission. The similar outcomes were confirmed in the propensity score matched cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: The HFmrEF patient group has characteristics between the HFrEF and HFpEF groups, with more similarities to the HFpEF group. No between-group differences were observed in total mortality, cause of death, or heart failure readmission.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Hospitalização , Volume Sistólico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde) , Prognóstico , Pontuação de Propensão , Medição de Risco
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