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3.
FEBS Open Bio ; 5: 429-36, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26082885

RESUMO

The substrate specificity of recombinant human mitochondrial intermediate peptidase (hMIP) using a synthetic support-bound FRET peptide library is presented. The collected fluorescent beads, which contained the hydrolysed peptides generated by hMIP, were sequenced by Edman degradation. The results showed that this peptidase presents a remarkable preference for polar uncharged residues at P1 and P1' substrate positions: Ser = Gln > Thr at P1 and Ser > Thr at P1'. Non-polar residues were frequent at the substrate P3, P2, P2' and P3' positions. Analysis of the predicted MIP processing sites in imported mitochondrial matrix proteins shows these cleavages indeed occur between polar uncharged residues. Previous analysis of these processing sites indicated the importance of positions far from the MIP cleavage site, namely the presence of a hydrophobic residue (Phe or Leu) at P8 and a polar uncharged residue (Ser or Thr) at P5. To evaluate this, additional kinetic analyses were carried out, using fluorogenic substrates synthesized based on the processing sites attributed to MIP. The results described here underscore the importance of the P1 and P1' substrate positions for the hydrolytic activity of hMIP. The information presented in this work will help in the design of new substrate-based inhibitors for this peptidase.

4.
Acta Paediatr ; 89(12): 1484-9, 2000 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11195241

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: Three-hundred-and-ninety-seven children aged 2-59 mo presenting to the paediatric emergency departments of five public hospitals in São Paulo, Brazil, with an acute episode of lower respiratory disease were examined. The children were classified into the following diagnostic categories: acute bronchitis, acute bronchiolitis, pneumonia, asthma, post-bronchiolitis wheezing and wheezing of uncertain aetiology. Three years after the initial study, the homes of the children diagnosed as asthmatic or as having wheezing of uncertain aetiology were visited to collect information on subsequent episodes of lower respiratory disease. This paper reports the proportional incidence of different categories of lower respiratory disease and the results of an analysis to investigate clinical features that might distinguish wheezing children between those with asthma and those with an infectious disease. The predictions made for children with wheezing of uncertain aetiology were then compared with the follow-up data. Recurrent wheezing disorders (asthma, post-bronchiolitis wheezing) were common in the study sample (47% of children). Thirty-six percent of children with an initial diagnosis of wheezing of uncertain aetiology were diagnosed as asthmatic by another doctor over the next 3 y. We were unable to identify any clinical features that were useful in identifying those children likely to be diagnosed subsequently as asthmatic. CONCLUSIONS: The use of a diagnostic category similar to that which we have called "wheezing of uncertain aetiology" might help to alert physicians early to the possibility of asthma without interfering in the management of the illness. Such a classification might also be useful in epidemiological investigations of the aetiology of lower respiratory diseases.


Assuntos
Asma/diagnóstico , Bronquite/diagnóstico , Sons Respiratórios , Asma/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Bronquite/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Escolaridade , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Renda , Lactente , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Prognóstico
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