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Nurse Res ; 28(1): 17-24, 2020 03 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32026662


BACKGROUND: The use of focus groups to collect data has increased in nursing research and provides rich, in-depth understanding of a phenomenon that can inform clinical practice. Guidance has been developed on facilitating focus groups. However, there is little guidance about how to translate, analyse or present focus group data from countries with linguistic differences. AIM: To explore contemporary examples of translating, analysing and presenting focus group data from countries with linguistic differences and to provide an in-depth example of decision-making in a study involving focus group data from two countries. DISCUSSION: The study highlights the need for a clear rationale and transparency in the reporting of the translation, analysis and presentation of data. Detailed and transparent reporting needs to include not only translation, but also when this occurred and if the data were amalgamated. CONCLUSION: There is a need for evidence-based guidance concerning how to report the translation, transcription and analysis of focus group data from countries with linguistic differences. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The authors provide recommendations concerning information that researchers should provide about translation when publishing studies, and argue for the use of a bilingual lead researcher.

J Clin Nurs ; 27(7-8): 1329-1345, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29423965


AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To review patients' and healthcare professionals' perceptions of patient involvement in promoting hand hygiene compliance in the hospital setting. BACKGROUND: Initiatives continue to emphasise the importance of involving patients in their safety at the point of care. A patient-centred care approach aimed to empower patients to become active members of the healthcare team. However, understanding the perceptions of patients and healthcare professionals of patient involvement in promoting hand hygiene compliance among healthcare professionals has yet to be fully explored. DESIGN: Integrative literature review. METHODS: A five-stage review process informed by Whittemore and Knafl's methodology was conducted. MEDLINE and CINAHL were searched for papers published between January 2009-July 2017. Data were extracted manually, organised using NVivo 11 and analysed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: From an identified 240 papers, 19 papers were included in this review. Thematic analysis revealed two main themes with three related subthemes. Patients were willing to remind healthcare professionals (especially nurses) to wash their hands, healthcare professionals perception towards patients' involvement varied from one study to another. However, an overall positive attitude towards patient involvement was related to how patients asked and how healthcare professionals responded to being asked. CONCLUSION: There is limited evidence regarding patients' actual intention to ask healthcare professionals to wash their hands, and some evidence that patients are reluctant to do so. Further research is required to understand this area thoroughly, including which situations patients would feel more empowered to speak up. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Simple messages promoting patient involvement may lead to complex reactions in both patients and healthcare professionals. It is unclear, yet how patients and staff react to such messages in clinical practice. There is a need for a deeper understanding of how they can work together to support harm free care.

Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Higiene das Mãos/normas , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Participação do Paciente , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/métodos , Relações Médico-Enfermeiro , Humanos , Cooperação do Paciente , Percepção