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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34767697

RESUMO

Atrial septal defect accounts for 10-15% of congenital heart disease cases. Small-diameter atrial septal defects diagnosed during infancy or early adulthood are prone to spontaneous closure, whereas uncorrected, persistent moderate or large atrial septal defects can induce left-to-right shunting, which causes volume overload, heart failure, atrial arrhythmia, and/or pulmonary hypertension starting between the third and fourth decades of life. We describe in detail our technique for totally endoscopic, robotic-assisted atrial septal defect repair.


Assuntos
Comunicação Interatrial , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Robótica , Adulto , Endoscopia , Comunicação Interatrial/cirurgia , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
J Card Surg ; 2021 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34747050

RESUMO

Robotic totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass (TECAB) offers several advantages over conventional sternotomy coronary artery bypass grafting. TECAB allows the increased use of bilateral internal mammary artery grafts independent of gender, body mass index or diabetes, minimizes the risk of wound infection, decreases the length of hospital stay, and improves the postoperative quality of life. Off-pump beating heart TECAB has been used to offer one or two grafts generally on the anterior wall. We describe our approach to perform beating heart, triple-vessel TECAB with targets on the lateral and posterolateral wall of the left ventricle.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672143

RESUMO

Aortic valve neocuspidization with fixed autologous pericardium according to the Ozaki technique has been proven to be an effective therapy for the treatment of aortic valvulopathies of various entities (aortic stenosis, aortic regurgitation, aortic valve endocarditis) in both tricuspid and bicuspid aortic valves. Thus, aortic valve neocuspidization with fixed autologous pericardium represents a versatile alternative to complex aortic valve repair, with better hemodynamics compared to biological aortic valve replacement and without the need for lifelong anticoagulation, which characterizes mechanical aortic valve replacement. The authors meticulously describe all the technical steps of this highly reproducible, standardized procedure.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica , Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Bioprótese , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Pericárdio/transplante , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Card Surg ; 36(12): 4582-4590, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: In 2011, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) restricted the first-year residents' duty-hour to less than 16-hour shifts, decreased the maximum shift duration for senior residents, and increased minimum time off after on-call duties. Whether these changes may have impacted the outcomes in cardiac surgery remains unclear. METHODS: We performed a difference-in-difference analysis of the New York State Cardiac Surgery Reporting System data in 2004-2006 (before the duty-hour policies change) and 2014-2016 (after the change). We evaluated differences in 30-day risk-adjusted mortality rates (RAMR) in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and valve surgeries, stratifying data by hospital type: teaching hospitals (TH) versus nonteaching hospitals (NTH). NTH served as the control not affected by the duty-hour policies. RESULTS: (1) The overall surgical volume for CABG surgery has decreased over time (37,645-24,991), while the volume for valve surgery remained similar (20,969-21,532); (2) TH had better short-term outcomes for CABG procedures during 2014-2016 (median RAMR: 1.01% vs. 1.55% in TH vs. NTH, respectively; p = .025) as well as for valve procedures during both 2004-2006 (5.16% vs. 7.49%, p = .020) and 2014-2016 (2.59% vs. 4.09%, p = .033); (3) at difference-in-difference analysis, trainees' duty-hour regulations were not associated with worsening short-term outcomes in both CABG (p = .296) and valve (p = .651) procedures performed in TH. CONCLUSION: The introduction of the 2011 trainees' duty-hour regulations was not associated with worse short-term outcomes for CABG and valve surgery performed in the State of NY by TH.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina , Humanos , New York , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491636

RESUMO

Papillary fibroelastoma is a rare, benign tumor that affects males more frequently  than females and that tends to be diagnosed during the fifth or sixth decade of life. It tends to arise on cardiac valves, with the aortic valve being the most frequent location followed by the mitral valve, the tricuspid valve, and the pulmonary valve. We present the case of a robotic-assisted, totally endoscopic excision of a mitral valve papillary fibroelastoma.


Assuntos
Fibroelastoma Papilar Cardíaco , Fibroma , Neoplasias Cardíacas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Feminino , Fibroma/diagnóstico , Fibroma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Valva Mitral/cirurgia
11.
Surg Technol Int ; 392021 08 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34403487

RESUMO

The two current strategies for robotic-assisted, surgical myocardial revascularization are minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) and totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting (TECAB). We discuss the rationale underlying the benefits of robotic assistance in surgical myocardial revascularization, and detail the technical steps to safely and effectively perform these two procedures.

12.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 195, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34243799

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intraoperative graft assessment with tools like Transit Time Flow Measurement (TTFM) is imperative for quality control in coronary surgery. We investigated the variation of TTFM parameters before and after protamine administration to identify new benchmark parameters for graft quality assessment. METHODS: The database of the REQUEST ("REgistry for QUality AssESsmenT with Ultrasound Imaging and TTFM in Cardiac Bypass Surgery") study was retrospectively reviewed. A per graft analysis was performed. Only single grafts (i.e., no sequential nor composite grafts) where both pre- and post-protamine TTFM values were recorded with an acoustical coupling index > 30% were included. Grafts with incomplete data and mixed grafts (arterio-venous) were excluded. A second analysis was performed including single grafts only in the same MAP range pre- and post- protamine administration. RESULTS: After adjusting for MAP, we found a small increase in MGF (29 mL/min to 30 mL/min, p = 0.009) and decrease in PI (2.3 to 2.2, p <  0.001) were observed after the administration of protamine. These changes were especially notable for venous conduits and for CABG procedures performed on-pump. CONCLUSION: The small changes in TTFM parameters observed before and after protamine administration seem to be clinically irrelevant, despite being statistically significant in aggregate. Our data do not support a need to perform TTFM measurements both before and after protamine administration. A single TTFM measurement taken either before or after protamine may suffice to achieve reliable data on each graft's performance. Depending on the specific clinical situation and intraoperative changes, more measurements may be informative. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trials Number: NCT02385344 , registered February 17th, 2015.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Circulação Coronária , Antagonistas de Heparina/uso terapêutico , Protaminas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
13.
Interv Cardiol ; 16: e08, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34295373

RESUMO

Minimally invasive coronary revascularisation was originally developed in the mid 1990s as minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) grafting is a less invasive approach compared to conventional coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) to address targets in the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). Since then, MIDCAB has evolved with the adoption of a robotic platform and the possibility to perform multivessel bypass procedures. Minimally invasive coronary revascularisation surgery also allows for a combination between the benefits of CABG and percutaneous coronary interventions for non-LAD lesions - a hybrid approach. Hybrid coronary revascularisation results in fewer blood transfusions, shorter hospital stay, decreased ventilation times and patients return to work sooner when compared to conventional CABG. This article reviews the available literature, describes standard approaches and considers topics, such as limited access procedures, indications and patient selection, diagnostics and imaging, techniques, anastomotic devices, hybrid coronary revascularisation and outcome analysis.

15.
JTCVS Tech ; 7: 157-158, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34318234
17.
Can J Cardiol ; 37(10): 1513-1521, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34119634

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mild secondary mitral regurgitation (SMR) is considered clinically benign when left-ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is preserved, but evidence on survival associated with mild SMR in normal LVEF is limited. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent echocardiography in a health care network between 2013 and 2018. We compared the survival of 4 groups: no valvular abnormalities (group 1), trace SMR with trace or mild tricuspid regurgitation (TR) (group 2), mild SMR with trace or no TR (group 3), and mild SMR with mild TR (group 4). A Cox proportional hazard model evaluated hazard of death in groups 2 to 4 compared with group 1, adjusting for demographics, comorbidities, and LVEF. The same comparisons were repeated in a subgroup of patients with preserved LVEF. RESULTS: Among the 16,372 patients of mean age 61 (51 to 71) years and 48% women, there were 8132 (49.7%) group 1 patients, 1902 (11.6%) group 2 patients, 3017 (18.4%) group 3 patients, and 3321 (20.3%) group 4 patients. Compared with group 1, group 4 had significantly increased adjusted hazard of death (hazard ratio [HR], 1.21; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.12-1.31; P < 0.001), whereas groups 2 and 3 did not show a significantly different hazard of death. In those with preserved LVEF, the hazard was also significantly higher in group 4, compared with group 1 (HR, 1.14; 95% CI, 1.03-1.26; P = 0.013). CONCLUSIONS: Mild SMR with mild TR, irrespective of LVEF, was associated with worse survival compared with patients without any valvular abnormalities. Patients with mild SMR may require closer monitoring, even with normal LVEF.

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