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3.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561981

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Renal denervation is a percutaneous intervention for the treatment of resistant hypertension. Randomized studies have shown contradictory results on its efficacy. We present the results of a renal denervation registry for the treatment of resistant hypertension in real-life patients in Spain. METHODS: Multicenter registry of consecutive patients with resistant hypertension treated with renal denervation in Spain between 2009 and 2018. RESULTS: We included 125 patients (mean age, 56 years; 41% female; mean onset of hypertension 14±9 years previously). Office systolic and diastolic blood pressure and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring decreased 6 months after the intervention (166±20/95±16 to 149±22/87±16 mmHg and 151±14/89±12 to 143±15/84±11, both P <.0001). At 12 months, the blood pressure reduction was maintained and the number of antihypertensive drugs decreased from 4.9±1.2 to 4.4±1.5 (P=.0001). There were no significant procedure-related complications. The response rate to denervation at 1 year was 80%, but there were wide differences between centers. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with resistant hypertension, treatment with renal denervation was related to a decrease in office blood pressure and, more importantly, in ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, with a significant reduction in pharmacological treatment.

4.
Int J Cardiol ; 2019 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378382

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary Aneurysms are a focal dilatation of an artery segment >1.5-fold the normal size of adjacent segments. Although some series have suggested a prevalence of 0.3-12%, data are lacking. In addition, they are not mentioned in practice guidelines. Our aim was investigate its prevalence, management and long-term outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: The coronary artery aneurysm registry (CAAR) involved 32 hospitals across 9 countries in America and Europe. We reviewed 436,467 consecutive angiograms performed over the period 2004-2016. Finally, 1565 patients were recruited. Aneurysm global prevalence was 0.35%. Most patients were male (78.5%) with a mean age of 65 years and frequent cardiovascular risk factors. The main indication for angiogram was an acute coronary syndrome, 966 cases. The number of aneurisms was ≤2 per patient in 95.8% of the cases, mostly saccular, most frequently found in the left anterior descending and with numbers proportional with coronary stenosis. Aortopathies were related with more aneurysms too. Most patients received any revascularization procedure (69%), commonly percutaneous (53%). After a median follow-up of 37.2 months, 485 suffered a combined event (MACE) and 240 died. Without major differences comparing CABG vs PCI, MACE and death were more frequent in patients who received bare metal stents. CONCLUSIONS: Coronary artery aneurysms are not uncommon. Usually, they are associated with coronary stenosis and high cardiovascular risk. Antiplatelet therapy seems reasonable and a percutaneous approach is safe and effective.

5.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(5): 631-641, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31370954

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have demonstrated the benefits of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with aortic stenosis, but the presence of persistent fibrosis and myocardial hypertrophy has been related to worse prognosis. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the potential benefits of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors on left ventricular remodeling and major clinical outcomes following successful transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). METHODS: Patients from 10 institutions with severe aortic stenosis who underwent TAVR between August 2007 and August 2017 were included. All baseline data were prospectively recorded, and pre-specified follow-up was performed. Doses and types of RAS inhibitors at discharge were recorded, and matched comparison according to their prescription at discharge was performed. RESULTS: A total of 2,785 patients were included. Patients treated with RAS inhibitors (n = 1,622) presented similar surgical risk scores but a higher rate of all cardiovascular risk factors, coronary disease, and myocardial infarction. After adjustment for these baseline differences, reduction of left ventricular volumes and hypertrophy was greater and cardiovascular mortality at 3-year follow-up was lower (odds ratio: 0.59; 95% confidence interval: 0.41 to 0.87; p = 0.007) in patients treated with RAS inhibitors. Moreover, RAS inhibitors demonstrated a global cardiovascular protective effect with significantly lower rates of new-onset atrial fibrillation, cerebrovascular events, and readmissions. CONCLUSIONS: Post-TAVR RAS inhibitors are associated with lower cardiac mortality at 3-year follow-up and offer a global cardiovascular protective effect that might be partially explained by a positive left ventricular remodeling. An ongoing randomized trial will help confirm these hypothesis-generating findings. (Renin-Angiotensin System Blockade Benefits in Clinical Evolution and Ventricular Remodeling After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation [RASTAVI]; NCT03201185).

7.
Cardiol J ; 26(4): 310-321, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257567

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A simplified formula to calculate the predicted fractional flow reserve (FFR) in sequen-tial coronary stenosis without balloon inflation is hereby proposed. METHODS: In patients with an indication for FFR and sequential coronary stenosis, FFR was recorded distally and between the lesions. The predicted FFR for each stenosis was calculated with a novel formu-la. While treating one of the lesions, wedge pressure was measured during balloon inflation to calculate Pijls' formula. FFR of the remaining lesion was finally recorded (measured FFR). RESULTS: Forty patients were enrolled in the study, 4 (10.0%) had a distal FFR > 0.80 and were excluded from the main analysis. In the remaining 36 patients, the novel formula and Pijls' formula showed virtually absolute agreement (ICCa 0.999, R2 = 0.997 for the proximal lesion, R2 = 0.999 for the distal lesion, kappa 1.000, Se 100%, Sp 100%). The agreement between predicted and measured FFR was good (ICCa 0.820; 0.640-0.909, R2 = 0.717, intercept = 0.05, slope = 0.92, kappa 0.748, Se 75%, Sp 96%). In 19 (47.5%) cases the use of the formula enabled the operator to freely decide which lesion should be treated first, an option not available if the percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were guided by the largest pressure drop across each lesion. CONCLUSIONS: The predicted FFR for each lesion in sequential coronary stenosis can be accurately calculated by a simplified formula circumventing the need for balloon inflation. This approach provides the operator upfront, with detailed information on physiology, thus having a potentially high impact on the corresponding PCI strategy.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31140682

RESUMO

Valve-in-valve (ViV) transcatheter procedures have emerged as a feasible, less-invasive treatment option for bioprosthetic structural valve deterioration. However, in the presence of a small bioprosthesis, a significant residual gradient after ViV procedures often occurs and has been associated with poorer clinical outcomes. We report the use of the self-expandable supra-annular ACURATE neo™ valve to treat degenerated Mitroflow (Sorin) aortic bioprosthesis with severe residual elevated gradients followed by valve fracture with a postdilation using a noncompliant balloon leading to significant reduction in residual gradients. In conclusion, the use of ACURATE neo™ valve followed by the controlled fracture of the surgical bioprosthesis frame with a noncompliant balloon is a safe and effective approach for patients with Mitroflow® failing valves and residual elevated gradient after transcatheter aortic valve replacement.

11.
JAMA Cardiol ; 4(1): 64-70, 2019 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30566185

RESUMO

Importance: In low-flow, low-gradient aortic stenosis (LFLG AS), the severity of left ventricular dysfunction remains a key factor in the evaluation of aortic valve replacement. Objective: To evaluate the clinical outcomes and changes in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with LFLG AS and severe left ventricular dysfunction. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter registry is a substudy of the True or Pseudo-Severe Aortic Stenosis-TAVI registry that included patients with classic LFLG AS, defined as a mean transvalvular gradient less than 35 mm Hg, an effective orifice area less than 1.0 cm2, and an LVEF of 40% or less. Patients were divided in groups with very low (<30%) LVEF and low (30%-40%) LVEF. Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) was performed before TAVR in a subset with very low LVEF, and presence of contractile reserve was defined as an increase of 20% or more in stroke volume. Clinical outcomes were assessed at 1 and 12 months and yearly thereafter, and echocardiography was performed at 1-year follow-up. Retrospective data were collected from 2007 to 2013 and prospective data from January 2013 to March 2018. Data were analyzed from March to October 2018. Exposures: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement in patients with LFLG AS. Main Outcomes and Measures: Changes in LVEF over time; periprocedural and late mortality. Results: A total of 293 patients were included, including 128 (43.7%) with very low LVEF and 165 with low LVEF (56.3%). Their mean (SD) age was 80 (7) years, and most (214 [73.0%]) were men. The mean (SD) LVEF in the very low LVEF group was 22% (5%), compared with 37% (7%) in the low LVEF group (P < .001). There were no differences between groups in rates of periprocedural mortality and late mortality (median [interquartile range], 23 [6-38] months). Patients with very low LVEF displayed a greater increase in LVEF at the 1-year follow-up examination (mean absolute increase, 11.9% [95% CI, 8.8%-15.1%]), than the low LVEF group (3.6% [95% CI, 1.1%-6.1%]; P < .001). In 92 patients with very low LVEF who had preprocedural DSE, results showed a lack of contractile reserve in 45 (49%), but this had no effect on clinical outcomes or changes in LVEF over time. Conclusions and Relevance: In patients with LFLG AS and severe left ventricular dysfunction, TAVR was associated with similar clinical outcomes as in counterparts with milder left ventricular dysfunction. The TAVR procedure was associated with a significant increase in LVEF, irrespective of contractile reserve. These results support TAVR for LFLG AS, irrespective of the severity of left ventricular dysfunction and DSE results.

12.
Int J Cardiol ; 283: 78-83, 2019 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30528620

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) for lesions located at coronary bifurcations is still debated. METHODS: Data on 5036 consecutive patients who underwent PCI on coronary bifurcation at 17 major coronary intervention centers between January 2012 and December 2014 were collected. RESULTS: Follow-up at a median 18 months (IQR 11-28) was available for 4506 patients (89%). Major Adverse Cardiac Events (MACE) occurred in 395 patients (8.8%): cardiac death in 152 (3.4%), myocardial infarction, excluding periprocedural, in 156 (3.5%) and stent thrombosis in 110 cases (2.4%). At multivariable Cox regression, left ventricular ejection fraction ≤30% (P < 0.001), bail-out stenting (beyond a planned strategy of either single or double stenting) (P < 0.001), admission for an acute coronary syndrome (P < 0.001), age >66 years (P < 0.001), multivessel disease (P < 0.001) and diabetes (P < 0.001) were independently associated with MACE. Sensitivity analysis identified premature discontinuation of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) (P < 0.001) and side branch (SB) lesion length ≥9 mm (P < 0.05) as additional independent predictors of MACE. CONCLUSIONS: Beyond traditional risk factors, multivessel disease, the length of the SB lesion, "bail-out" stenting and premature DAPT discontinuation are independent predictors of mid-term MACE after PCI of coronary bifurcations. This highlights the importance of a carefully planned PCI strategy and adequate therapy adherence to improve the clinical outcomes in these patients. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01967615.

14.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(11): e006927, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30571207

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impact of preexisting left bundle branch block (LBBB) in transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) recipients is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of preexisting LBBB on clinical outcomes after TAVR. METHODS AND RESULTS: This multicenter study evaluated 3404 TAVR candidates according to the presence or absence of LBBB on baseline ECG. TAVR complications and causes of death were defined according to Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 definitions. Follow-up outpatient visits or telephone interviews were conducted at 30 days, 12 months, and yearly thereafter. Echocardiography examinations were performed at baseline, at hospital discharge, and at 1-year follow-up. Preexisting LBBB was present in 398 patients (11.7%) and was associated with an increased risk of permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI; 21.1% versus 14.8%; adjusted odds ratio, 1.51; 95% CI, 1.12-2.04) but not death (7.3% versus 5.5%; adjusted odds ratio, 1.33; 95% CI, 0.84-2.12) at 30 days. At a mean follow-up of 22±21 months, there were no differences between patients with and without preexisting LBBB in overall mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.75-1.18) and cardiovascular mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.68-1.21). In a subanalysis of 2421 patients without PPI at 30 days and with complete follow-up about the PPI, preexisting LBBB was not associated with an increased risk of PPI or sudden cardiac death. Patients with preexisting LBBB had a lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) at baseline and at 1-year follow-up ( P <0.001 for both), but those with low LVEF exhibited a similar increase in LVEF over time after TAVR compared with patients with no preexisting LBBB ( P=0.327). CONCLUSIONS: Preexisting LBBB significantly increased the risk of early (but not late) PPI after TAVR, without any significant effect on overall mortality or cardiovascular mortality. Preexisting LBBB was associated with lower LVEF pre-TAVR but did not prevent an increase in LVEF post-TAVR similar to patients without LBBB.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Bloqueio de Ramo/terapia , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Bloqueio de Ramo/diagnóstico , Bloqueio de Ramo/mortalidade , Bloqueio de Ramo/fisiopatologia , Canadá/epidemiologia , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/efeitos adversos , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/mortalidade , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/mortalidade , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Marca-Passo Artificial , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(22): 2300-2310, 2018 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30391390

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This was a first-in-human study to assess the feasibility, safety, and exploratory efficacy of interatrial shunting for treating high-risk heart failure (HF) in patients with reduced and preserved ejection fraction. METHODS: A single-arm open-label study of patients with New York Heart Association functional class III or IV HF on optimal therapy was performed at 6 centers. The V-Wave shunt, an hourglass-shaped implant containing a 1-way bioprosthetic valve, was implanted by transseptal catheterization. Clinical, functional, echocardiographic, and hemodynamic evaluations were performed at baseline, 3 and 12 months, and annually (clinical follow-up) thereafter (median follow-up 28 months; interquartile range: 21 to 31 months). RESULTS: A total of 38 patients were enrolled (30 with HF with reduced ejection fraction and 8 with HF with preserved ejection fraction; mean age 66 ± 9 years; 97% and 3% in New York Heart Association functional classes III and IV, respectively), and the shunt device was successfully implanted in all cases without periprocedural mortality. The rate of major device- or procedure-related complications during the first 12 months was 2.6% (periprocedural cardiac tamponade in 1 patient). At 3- and 12-month follow-up, there were improvements in New York Heart Association functional class (classes I and II in 78% and 60% of patients, respectively), quality of life (improvements ≥5 points in 74% and 73% of patients, respectively), and 6-min walk distance (mean increases of 41 ± 63 m and 28 ± 83 m, respectively) (p < 0.02 for all, data available for 36 patients), without changes in objective measures of left- or right-sided function. All shunts were patent at 3 months, but 5 of 36 (14%) had occluded, and another 13 of 36 (36%) were stenotic at the valve by 12 months. Patients with widely patent shunts had lower long-term rates of death, left ventricular assist device placement or heart transplantation (p = 0.001), and HF hospitalization (p = 0.008), along with a reduction of pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (from 23.3 ± 5.4 mm Hg at baseline to 18.0 ± 4.0 mm Hg at 12 months; p = 0.011). CONCLUSIONS: Interatrial shunting with the V-Wave system was feasible and safe in patients with HF with reduced and preserved ejection fraction. Improvements in clinical and functional status were observed early and at 12 months despite attenuation of shunt patency in one-half of the patients. Patients with preserved shunt patency tended to maintain clinical benefit during longer term follow-up. Device modification that improves the durability of patency is likely worthwhile before confirmation of these findings in a randomized trial.

17.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(9): e007038, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30354588

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data on long-term outcomes after valve-in-valve (ViV) transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) are scarce. The objective of this study was to determine the long-term clinical outcomes and structural valve degeneration (SVD) over time in patients undergoing ViV-TAVR. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients undergoing ViV-TAVR in 9 centers between 2009 and 2015 were included. Patients were followed yearly, and clinical and echocardiography data were collected prospectively. SVD was defined as subclinical (increase >10 mm Hg in mean transvalvular gradient+decrease >0.3 cm2 in valve area or new-onset mild or moderate aortic regurgitation) and clinically relevant (increase >20 mm Hg in mean transvalvular gradient+decrease >0.6 cm2 in valve area or new-onset moderate-to-severe aortic regurgitation). A total of 116 patients (mean age, 76±11 years; 64.7% male; mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons score, 8.0±5.1%) were included. Balloon- and self-expandable valves were used in 47.9% and 52.1% of patients, respectively, and 30-day mortality was 6.9%. At a median follow-up of 3 years (range, 2-7 years), 30 patients (25.9%) had died, 20 of them (17.2%) from cardiovascular causes. Average mean transvalvular gradients remained stable up to 5-year follow-up ( P=0.92), but clinically relevant SVD occurred in 3/99 patients (3.0%), and 15/99 patients (15.1%) had subclinical SVD. One patient with SVD had redo ViV-TAVR. CONCLUSIONS: About one-fourth of ViV-TAVR recipients had died after a median follow-up of 3 years. Overall valve hemodynamics remained stable over time and clinically relevant SVD was infrequent, but 1 out of 10 patients exhibited some degree of SVD.

18.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(17): 1669-1679, 2018 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30190058

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The authors aimed to determine the procedural learning curve and minimum annual institutional volumes associated with optimum clinical outcomes for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a complex procedure requiring significant training and experience for successful outcome. Despite increasing use of TAVR across institutions, limited information is available for its learning curve characteristics and minimum annual volumes required to optimize clinical outcomes. METHODS: The study collected data for patients at 16 centers participating in the international TAVR registry since initiation of the respective TAVR program. All cases were chronologically ordered into initial (1 to 75), early (76 to 150), intermediate (151 to 225), high (226 to 300), and very high (>300) experience operators for TAVR learning curve characterization. In addition, participating institutions were stratified by annual TAVR case volume into low-volume (<50), moderate-volume (50 to 100), and high-volume (>100) groups for comparative analysis. Procedural and 30-day clinical outcomes were collected and multivariate regression analysis performed for 30-day mortality and the early safety endpoint. RESULTS: A total of 3,403 patients comprised the study population. On multivariate analysis, all-cause mortality was significantly higher for initial (odds ratio [OR]: 3.83; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.93 to 7.60), early (OR: 2.41; 95% CI: 1.51 to 5.03), and intermediate (OR: 2.53; 95% CI: 1.19 to 5.40) experience groups compared with the very high experience operators. In addition, the early safety endpoint was significantly worse for all experience groups compared with the very high experience operators. Low annual volume (<50) TAVR institutions had significantly higher all-cause 30-day mortality (OR: 2.70; 95% CI: 1.44 to 5.07) and worse early safety endpoint (OR: 1.60; 95% CI: 1.17 to 2.17) compared with the moderate- and high-volume groups. There was no difference in patient outcomes between intermediate and high annual volume groups. CONCLUSIONS: TAVR procedures display important learning curve characteristics with both greater procedural safety and a lower mortality when performed by experienced operators. In addition, TAVR performed at low annual volume (<50 procedures) institutions is associated with decreased procedural safety and higher patient mortality. These findings have important implications for operator training and patient care at centers performing TAVR.

20.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 71(9): 735-742, sept. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-178779

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: Las válvulas SAPIEN 3 (S3) y Medtronic Evolut R (EVR) son prótesis transcatéter de segunda generación, diseñadas para reducir el grado de insuficiencia aórtica (IAo) paravalvular. El objetivo es comparar la hemodinámica valvular en un estudio de casos emparejados con análisis ecocardiográfico independiente. Métodos: De una población de 201 pacientes tratados con implante percutáneo de válvula aórtica, se emparejó a un total de 144 (S3, n = 80; EVR, n = 64) en función del diámetro del anillo y de la puntuación de calcio aórtico medidos por tomografía computarizada. Los ecocardiogramas de seguimiento basal, al mes y a los 6 meses se analizaron de manera independiente y centralizada. Resultados: No se observaron diferencias respecto a las características basales clínicas y ecocardiográficas. La prótesis EVR mostró un mejor perfil hemodinámico evaluado mediante gradiente aórtico máximo (EVR frente a S3, 13 ± 7 frente a 20 ± 10; p < 0,001), gradiente aórtico medio (7 ± 3 frente a 11 ± 6; p < 0,001) e índice de velocidad Doppler (0,65 ± 0,15 frente a 0,51 ± 0,16; p < 0,001). Por otro lado, la tasa de IAo paravalvular moderada-grave o de cualquier grado de IAo paravalvular (≥ leve) fue mayor en el grupo de EVR (el 11 y el 50%) que en el de S3 (el 2,5 y el 21%; p < 0,05), con mayor número de chorros regurgitantes (p < 0,001). Conclusiones: En una cohorte de casos emparejados tratados con implante percutáneo de válvula aórtica de segunda generación, la S3 se asoció con una menor tasa de IAo paravalvular y mayor gradiente transprotésico residual que con la EVR


Introduction and objectives: The SAPIEN 3 (S3) valve and the Medtronic Evolut R (EVR) are second-generation transcatheter valves, designed to further reduce the rate of paravalvular aortic regurgitation (AoR). The aim of this study was to compare the 2 devices in terms of valve performance in a case-matched study with independent echocardiographic analysis. Methods: Of a population of 201 patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation, 144 patients (S3, n = 80; EVR, n = 64) were matched according to aortic annulus diameter and aortic valve calcium score, as assessed by computed tomography. All echocardiographic examinations collected at baseline and at 1- and 6-month follow-up were centrally analyzed. Results: The 2 groups were well balanced in baseline clinical and echocardiographic characteristics. The EVR valve showed a better hemodynamic profile as assessed by peak aortic gradient (EVR 13 ± 7 vs S3 20 ± 10 mmHg; P < .001), mean aortic gradient (EVR 7 ± 3 vs S3 11 ± 6 mmHg; P < .001), and Doppler velocity index (EVR 0.65 ± 0.15 vs S3 0.51 ± 0.16; P < .001). The rate of moderate-severe or any paravalvular (≥ mild) AoR was higher in the EVR group (11% and 50%) than in the S3 group (2.5% and 21%; P < .05, respectively), with a larger number of paravalvular jets (P < .001). Conclusions: In a case-matched cohort of transcatheter aortic valve implantation patients, the S3 valve was associated with a lower rate of paravalvular AoR but also with a higher residual gradient than the EVR system


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Stents Metálicos Autoexpansíveis , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/classificação , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/classificação
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