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1.
J Pediatr (Rio J) ; 2020 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32387579

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate association between parental locus of control (belief of individuals about what or who has control of the events of their lives) and bottle feeding habits among children from 3 to 5 years of age. METHODOLOGY: Parental locus of control validated in Brazil, and semi-structured questionnaire to obtain sociodemographic, health, and oral habit behaviors was applied to mothers of 992 preschool children. Outcome variable "use of feeding bottle" was studied according to the time of its use (≤36 months and >36 months). Simple logistic regression models were adjusted and raw odds ratios were estimated for variables of distal blocks, which contemplated parental locus of control, socioeconomic characteristics of family, and maternal habits. In the intermediate block, the variables for conditions of the child's birth and place of health care attendance during the prenatal period and early childhood were included. In the proximal block, the time of breastfeeding and pacifier use were reported. Variables were analyzed from the distal to the proximal block, and the individual analyses that presented p≤0.20 remained in each model; included in the subsequent block were the variables with p≤0.10, because this was a study of prevention. RESULTS: Longer time of feeding bottle use was associated with the internal parental locus of control, mothers older than 31 years of age, white race, premature children, who used pacifiers and are treated in the private health system. CONCLUSIONS: Children who maintained the habit of feeding bottle use for a longer time were those whose mother presented an internal locus of control.

2.
Cad. saúde colet., (Rio J.) ; 28(1): 56-65, jan.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098142

RESUMO

Resumo Introdução estudos no Brasil e em diversos países indicam que os serviços de urgência são frequentemente utilizados como portas de entrada para os sistemas de saúde, sobrecarregando-os e impactando na qualidade do serviço prestado à população. Entretanto, pouco se conhece sobre esse fenômeno nas unidades de pronto atendimento (UPAs) do nosso país. Objetivo investigar as variáveis associadas ao uso inadequado de duas UPAs em um município de grande porte. Método estudo transversal com uma amostra de 756 indivíduos que analisou as variáveis individuais, contextuais e dos serviços associadas ao uso inapropriado de UPAs por meio de um modelo de regressão logística múltipla e hierarquizada. Resultados o modelo final de regressão demonstrou que os indivíduos que apresentavam autopercepção de que sua condição era um caso de emergência e cuja idade era igual a ou acima de 60 anos apresentaram mais chances de procurarem esses serviços por motivos não urgentes. Conclusão variáveis individuais estiveram associadas ao uso não urgente dos serviços das UPAs. Estudos futuros de cunho qualitativo poderão auxiliar a compreender os motivos do uso inadequado desses serviços por tais indivíduos.


Abstract Background Studies in Brazil and in several countries indicate that emergency services are often used as gateways to health systems, overburdening them and impacting on the quality of service provided to the population. However, little is known about this phenomenon in the Emergency Care Units (EUCs) of our country. Objective To investigate the variables associated with the inadequate use of two EUCs in a large municipality. Method A cross-sectional study was carried out with a sample of 756 individuals that analyzed individual, contextual and service-related variables associated with the inappropriate use of EUCs through a hierarchical multiple logistic regression model. Results The final regression model showed that individuals who had self-perceived their condition as an emergency and whose age was equal to or older than 60 years presented high odds to seek these services for non-urgent reasons. Conclusions Individual variables were associated with non-urgent use of the ECUs. Future studies of a qualitative nature may help to understand the reasons for the inadequate use of these services by these individuals.

3.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; 48(2): 130-136, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828838

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to analyse the factors associated with self-perceived need for dental treatment among adolescents. METHODS: A representative sample in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, comprising 5558 adolescents, was evaluated in 2015. The adolescents were selected by probabilistic sampling by conglomerates in two stages. The outcome evaluated was self-perceived treatment need measured via a validated questionnaire. Independent variables included sociodemographic factors, type, frequency and reason for last dental visit, and examination of oral conditions. Statistical analysis was based on the multiple hierarchical logistic regression model. RESULTS: Of the total sample, 3340 (62.6%) adolescents reported needing dental treatment. After fitting the model, the self-perceived need for treatment was associated with adolescents with family income of up to $1,500 BRL (OR 1.39; [95% CI = 1.20-1.60]; P < .001), who sought dental services solely for curative treatment (OR 1.58; [95% CI = 1.46-1.72]; P < .001), reported toothaches in the previous six months (OR 2.88; [95% CI = 2.53-3.28]; P < .001), were dissatisfied with the appearance of their teeth and mouth (OR 5.94; [95% CI = 5.03-7.01]; P < .001), had caries in the posterior teeth only (OR 3.04; [95% CI = 2.77-3.33]; P < .001) or had caries in the anterior teeth (OR 4.75; [95% CI = 4.05-5.56]; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The self-perceived need for dental treatment among Brazilian adolescents was associated with normative and subjective needs, and sociodemographic context factors. This finding provides important evidence for collective health planning.

4.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(3): 1-8, 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1117327

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the surface microhardness and morphology, as well as the microshear bond strength of a self-etching adhesive (Clearfil SE, Kuraray) to eroded dentin, exposed or not to cigarette smoke. Forty dental crowns were divided into 4 groups (n = 10): no treatment (control) (C); erosion (E); erosion + cigarette smoke exposure (ES); cigarette smoke exposure (S). Samples were prepared through third molars polishing until dentin exposure, followed by crown section. Erosive cycles were performed 5 times/day for 30 s at 60 min intervals. Cigarette smoke was produced with twenty cigarettes/day, during 5 days. Microhardness was evaluated initially and after the treatments. Microshear bond strength was tested after the treatments and dentin restoration with flow composite. Failure patterns and dentin morphology was evaluated by Scanning Electron Microscopy. Microshear bond strength data was submitted to two-way ANOVA, microharness test was adjusted by gamma distribution to be a non-parametric analyses (p=0.05), and surface morphology as qualitative analyses. Loss percentage of microhardness was observed only in groups submitted to erosion. Bond strength was statistically similar between all groups. The most prevalent failure pattern was of adhesive type. Morphological analysis of dentin showed obliterated tubules in groups submitted to cigarette smoke exposure. Cigarette smoke exposure did not promote any effect in the percentage of microhardness loss, as in sound dentin as in eroded dentin. Cigarette smoke, erosion, and association of both, did not alter the bond strength of self-etching adhesives to dentin. (AU)


Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a microdureza (% perda de dureza) e morfologia de superfície (MS), assim como a resistência de união (RU) de um adesivo autocondicionante (Clearfil SE, Kuraray) à uma dentina erodida, exposta ou não à fumaça de cigarro. Material e Métodos: Quarenta coroas dentais de terceiros molares foram seccionadas da raiz e polidas até a exposição dentinária, sendo aleatoriamente divididas em 4 grupos (n=10): sem tratamento (controle), erosão (E), erosão+ exposição a fumaça de cigarro (ES); exposição a fumaça de cigarro (S).O ciclo erosivo foi realizado 5 vezes/dia por 30s, com 60 minutos de intervalo entre eles. Os grupos ES e S foram exposto à fumaça de cigarro produzida por 20 cigarros/dia, durante 5 dias. A avaliação da microdureza foi realizada antes e após os tratamentos, enquanto a resistência da união por microcisalhamento foi realizada após os tratamentos Os padrões de fratura representativos e a MS dentinária foram avaliados por microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV). Os dados de RU foram analisados por ANOVA dois fatores, enquanto a análise de microdureza foi ajustada por distribuição gama por ser uma análise não-paramétrica (p=0.05). A MS foi analisada qualitativamente. Resultados: Os grupos expostos aos ciclos erosivos (E e ES) apresentaram % de perda de dureza significativamente menor que os grupos não expostos (Controle e S. aos ciclos erosivos (E e ES). Para RU, não houve diferença estatística significativa entre os grupos. O padrão de fratura mais observado foi do tipo adesivo, e através das imagens obtidas por MEV, observou-se a obliteração de túbulos dentinários no grupo exposto à fumaça de cigarro, enquanto os grupos submetidos aos ciclos erosivos (E e ES) apresentaram maior exposição e diâmetro de túbulos dentinários. Conclusão: A exposição à fumaça de cigarro não promove nenhum efeito quanto a perda de porcentagem de dureza dentinária, assim como em dentina erodida e saudável. A fumaça de cigarro, o processo erosivo, e a associação de ambos, não altera a resistência da união de adesivos autocondicionantes à dentina. (AU)


Assuntos
Resistência à Tração , Erosão Dentária , Coroas , Cimentos Dentários , Produtos do Tabaco
5.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797171

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of bioadhesive polymer, Aristoflex® AVC, on enamel physical and chemical properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bovine enamel blocks were divided into CP 10% with carbopol-Whiteness Perfect® (WP-FGM), CP 10% with Aristoflex (A + CP 10%), CP 10% with carbopol (C + CP 10%), Aristoflex (A), carbopol (C), carbamide peroxide 10% (CP 10%) and control (no treatment). The treatment was performed for 4 h during 14 days. The colour (ΔE, ΔL*, Δa* and Δb*), profilometry (Ra) and surface microhardness (KHN) were performed before and after the bleaching treatment. The concentrations of Ca and P were performed on the 1st, 3rd, 7th and 14th days by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry for the groups WP, A + CP 10%, C + CP 10%, A, C and CP 10% (control without thickener) and the morphology by scanning electron microscopy. RESULTS: All groups with CP 10%, regardless of polymer, differing statistically to ΔE, ΔL*, Δa* and Δb* compared to control group. The group A + CP 10% maintained low values of roughness and microhardness after bleaching. Higher concentration of Ca and P was found in the 1st day of treatment for the WP group compared to the groups A + CP 10% and C + CP 10%. CONCLUSION: The 10% CP associated with the bioadhesive polymer Aristoflex® AVC was effective on the bleaching treatment without changing the physical properties of the dental enamel. Also, this experimental gel caused less mineral loss than the group CP 10% with carbopol (WP-FGM). CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Because the change of Carbopol by Aristoflex, a bioadhesive polymer, does not interfere with the effectiveness of bleaching treatment, it is a promising agent associated to carbamide to maintain the physical properties of enamel after bleaching.

6.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e114, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800865

RESUMO

This in vitro study aimed to evaluate the effect of different toothpastes on dental enamel subjected to an erosive cycle with and without exposure to cigarette smoke. Bovine enamel specimens were randomly allocated into 12 groups (n = 12). For the in vitro simulation of smoking, half the groups underwent an exposure cycle of 20 cigarettes per day for 5 days. Subsequently, all groups were subjected to a 5-day erosion cycle intercalating demineralization (1 min; 1% citric acid; pH = 3.5) and treatment with toothpaste slurries (2 min) of NaF, SnF2, F/Sn/Chitosan, F/CaSiO3/Na3PO4, and F/bioactive glass. The control group was immersed in distilled water. Surface microhardness (SMH) was measured initially, after exposure to smoke, and after the erosive cycle, and %SMH was calculated. At the end of the experimental cycle, surface roughness, profilometry, and atomic force microscopy (AFM) were performed. SMH increased after exposure to cigarette smoke (p < 0.05). After the erosive cycle, there were no differences between the presence and absence of cigarette smoke exposure in SMH and roughness (p > 0.05). Besides increasing enamel SMH, cigarette smoke did not prevent enamel loss after the erosion cycle (p < 0.05). In profilometry, roughness and surface loss had the lowest values in the groups treated with SnF2 and F/Sn/Chitosan (p < 0.05). AFM showed lower mineral loss with F/CaSiO3/Na3PO4 and F/Sn/Chitosan. For all groups, except F/CaSiO3/Na3PO4, cigarette smoke resulted in higher enamel wear. F/Sn/Chitosan showed the best results against erosion.


Assuntos
Fumar Cigarros/efeitos adversos , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Erosão Dentária/etiologia , Erosão Dentária/prevenção & controle , Cremes Dentais/uso terapêutico , Animais , Compostos de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Cariostáticos/uso terapêutico , Bovinos , Quitosana/uso terapêutico , Testes de Dureza , Humanos , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Saliva/química , Silicatos/uso terapêutico , Propriedades de Superfície/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo , Fluoretos de Estanho/uso terapêutico , Desmineralização do Dente/induzido quimicamente , Desmineralização do Dente/prevenção & controle , Água/química
7.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e118, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859707

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate the experience of caries related to social capital and associated factors in adults in large-scale population-based study. A Cross-sectional study was performed in 163 municipalities in the State of São Paulo, Brazil (SBSP-2015). 17,560 people were evaluated, of which 6051 were adults aged 35-44 years. Hierarchical logistic regression analysis was proposed. Outcome variables (decayed teeth, missing teeth and DMFT) and independent variables were included in the model, considering the distal (income and schooling); intermediate (social capital) and proximal levels (sex and ethnicity). Results showed that income up to 1,500 reais - US$ 367.6 in 11/11/2019 - (OR = 1.91;1.75-2.08), schooling up to 8 years (OR = 1.32;1.12-1.56) and non-white ethnicity (OR = 1.54;1.35-1.76) were more likely to have decayed teeth. Income up to 1500 reais (OR = 1.29;1.15-1.44), schooling up to 8 years (OR = 2.13;1.90-2.38), low social capital (OR = 1.84;1.65-2.04), medium social capital (OR = 1.15;1.01-1.30) and females were more likely to have lost teeth (OR = 1.13;1.03-1.23). Schooling up to 8 years (OR = 1.51;1.35-1.69), low social capital (OR = 1.25; 1.14-1.37) and female (OR = 1.40,1.19-1.53) were associated with DMFT. It was concluded that sociodemographic factors and low social capital were associated with the experience of caries, which should be taken into account in the formulation of public policies.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Capital Social , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Prevalência , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e037, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508726

RESUMO

Iontophoresis is a noninvasive technique, based on the application of a constant low-intensity electric current to facilitate the release of a variety of drugs, whether ionized or not, through biological membranes. The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of iontophoresis using different electric current intensities on the uptake of fluoride in dental enamel with artificial caries lesions. In this in vitro operator-blind experiment, bovine enamel blocks (n = 10/group) with caries-like lesions and predetermined surface hardness were randomized into 6 groups: placebo gel without fluoride applied with a current of 0.8 mA (negative control), 2% NaF gel without application of any current, and 2% NaF gel applied with currents of 0.1, 0.2, 0.4 and 0.8 mA. Cathodic iontophoresis was applied for 4 min. The concentration of loosely bound fluoride (calcium fluoride) and firmly bound fluoride (fluorapatite) was determined. The results were analyzed by the nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests. Iontophoresis at 0.8 mA, combined with the application of fluoridated gel (2% NaF), increased fluoride uptake in enamel with caries-like lesions, as either calcium fluoride or fluorapatite.


Assuntos
Cariostáticos/farmacologia , Cárie Dentária , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluoretos/farmacologia , Iontoforese/métodos , Animais , Apatitas/análise , Fluoreto de Cálcio/análise , Bovinos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Eletricidade , Dureza/efeitos dos fármacos , Distribuição Aleatória , Propriedades de Superfície/efeitos dos fármacos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31494114

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship of the morphology of the articular eminence and mandibular fossa to facial profile and sex by using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. STUDY DESIGN: CBCT examinations of 76 patients were conducted, and the patients were classified according to facial profile as dolichocephalic, mesocephalic, or brachycephalic. The inclination and height of the articular eminence and the inclination of the mandibular fossa of 152 temporomandibular joints were measured. Comparisons between these measurements and facial profile and gender were performed by 2-way analysis of variance with Tukey's post hoc test. Significance was established at α = 0.05. RESULTS: Males with brachycephaly presented significantly greater values of eminence inclination compared with those with other facial types and greater values than patients with dolichocephaly for the measurements of eminence height and inclination of the fossa posterior wall (P ≤ .05). Females with brachycephaly presented significantly greater eminence height values compared with those with other facial profiles (P ≤ .05). No significant differences were observed between males and females. CONCLUSIONS: The morphology of the articular eminence and the mandibular fossa is associated with facial profile, with males with brachycephaly showing greater inclination of the eminence and mandibular fossa. Articular eminence height in brachycephaly was greater in both sexes.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Craniossinostoses , Ossos Faciais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Côndilo Mandibular , Articulação Temporomandibular
10.
Gen Dent ; 67(5): 46-49, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31454322

RESUMO

Having complete information about a patient's mandibular canal and mental foramen is fundamental to performing safer procedures and avoiding intraoperative and postoperative complications. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) produces accurate images for the analysis of maxillomandibular bone structures and is widely used in dentistry. The aim of this study is to report a case of mandibular bifid canal associated with triple mental foramina that was revealed with CBCT images. A 45-year-old woman was referred for a CBCT scan of remaining bone quantity to assist in preoperative implant planning. The patient had reported problems related to anesthesia during extraction of the mandibular right second and third molars. Examination showed bilateral bifurcation of the mandibular canal, from the mandibular foramen to the gonial angle. In addition, exteriorization of the mandibular canal was noticed in 3 regions; that is, there were 3 distinct mental foramina. Clinicians must be aware of these anatomical variations in the mandibular region during dental procedures to avoid complications such as difficulty in obtaining anesthesia or postoperative sensory dysfunction.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Mandíbula , Forame Mentual , Feminino , Humanos , Mandíbula/anatomia & histologia , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Forame Mentual/anatomia & histologia , Forame Mentual/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dente Serotino
11.
Value Health Reg Issues ; 20: 73-78, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31048261

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop a budgetary impact analysis regarding the possibility of offering complete upper and lower dentures to an eligible population of elderly people (above 65 years) in the São Paulo state, Brazil. METHODS: The proportion of eligible population was calculated by assessing the prevalence of edentulous (upper and lower arch) and by defining the eligible group (public health system users). The budgetary impact analysis was designed under the following scenario: 5-year time horizon (2018-2022), prospect of municipal expenses with prostheses, and additional progressive incorporation of technology (upper and lower dentures) at an annual rate of 10%, 15%, 20%, 25%, and 30%. Sensibility analysis was performed in 3 different situations (reference, more pessimistic, and more optimistic) based on the calculation of spending through assessed demand and epidemiological demand. RESULTS: The municipal cost for each denture, already discounted the value transferred by the union for this procedure, was R$50.97. The incremental impact on the budget measured by the epidemiological demand relative to assessed demand was approximately R$59 141 510 over 5 years, meaning an impact of 0.08% (0.01% more optimistic; 0.13% more pessimistic) of the "medium and high complexity care" budget and 0.09% (0.03%-0.14%) of the primary care budget. CONCLUSION: The budgetary impact of increasing the oral rehabilitation with complete dentures for elderly population in the São Paulo state is low relative to the expenses with primary or specialized care budgets. In addition, incorporation of denture rehabilitation would be feasible, according to the financial availability and priorities of each municipality.

12.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22: e190013, 2019 Mar 21.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30916141

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Oral and oropharyngeal cancer are diseases strongly influenced by socioeconomic factors. The risk of developing these diseases increases with age and most cases occur in the elderly, with higher mortality rates. This study aimed to analyze the influence of municipal socioeconomic indices on mortality rates for oral (OC) and oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) in elderly residents from 645 cities in the State of São Paulo, Brazil, from 2013 to 2015. METHOD: Secondary data on deaths were obtained in the Mortality Information System from the Brazilian Ministry of Health. The number of elderly, as well as per capita median income values and Human Development Index by municipality (HDI-M) values were obtained from data by the SEADE Foundation. Descriptiveand exploratory analysis of data was performed, followed by negative binomial models described by the Proc Genmod procedure and evaluated by the corrected AIC (Akaike Information Criterion), the likelihood level, and the Wald test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Around 30% of the cities notified deaths in 2013, 16.74% in 2014, and 18.61% in 2015. Founded mortality mean rates from OC and OPC were, respectively, 20.0 (± 430.9) and 10.7 (± 17.5) deaths per 100,000 inhabitants. Meanincome ranged, in local currency, from 434.2 to 2,009.00. HDI-M ranged from 0.65 to 0.89. There was a significant decrease (p<0.05) in mortality rates for OC and OPC in elderly with the increase in the cities' mean income and HDI-M values. CONCLUSION: Socioeconomic inequalities in the cities the on mortality rates for OC and OPC in elderly residents.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Bucais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/mortalidade , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Cidades/economia , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Características de Residência , Fatores Socioeconômicos
13.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e014, 2019 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30892410

RESUMO

Satisfaction with dental aesthetics is a subjective indicator used in epidemiological studies and is related to health behaviours. Little is known about the factors that influence this indicator, particularly among adolescents who live in a situation of social vulnerability. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between malocclusion and dental appearance in underprivileged Brazilian adolescents. This analytical cross-sectional study was conducted in Piracicaba, Brazil, and evaluated 884 adolescents from 13 to 19 years of age. The dependent variable was satisfaction with dental appearance, and the independent variables were classified as individual (components of the Dental Aesthetic Index - DAI, sex and age) and contextual (social exclusion index). For statistical analysis, multilevel regression models were estimated. The individual variables were considered Level 1, and the contextual variable was considered Level 2, with a level of significance of 5%. The mean age of the adolescents was 15.3 years. Female adolescents more frequently affirmed that they were satisfied with their dental appearance than did male individuals. There was an increase in dissatisfaction with oral health with the increase in anterior maxillary overjet, midline diastema, larger anterior irregularity in the maxilla, larger anterior irregularity in the mandible, anterior open bite and antero-posterior molar relation. Satisfaction with dental appearance was associated with individual factors such as sex and DAI components.


Assuntos
Estética Dentária/psicologia , Má Oclusão/psicologia , Autoimagem , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Satisfação do Paciente , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
14.
Dentomaxillofac Radiol ; 48(6): 20180330, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30864821

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the influence of cone beam CT (CBCT) volume orientation on alveolar bone measurements for dental implant planning using CBCT in patients with different facial profiles. METHODS: 74 CBCT volumes were selected from a database and classified according to the facial profile of the patient. Height and width measurements of the alveolar bone were carried out with the volume of the mandible in two different orientations: occlusal plane and mandibular base parallel to the horizontal plane. The data were subjected to the mixed model methodology for repeated measures, through the PROC MIXED procedure. Multiple comparisons were performed by Tukey Kramer test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Alveolar bone width was significantly greater when the CBCT volume was oriented with the mandibular base parallel to the horizontal plane, for all facial profiles (p ≤ 0.05). Alveolar bone height was significantly higher (p ≤ 0.05) for dolichofacial individuals when compared to that of mesofacial and brachyfacial individuals, who did not differ significantly between each other (p > 0.05), regardless of the CBCT volume orientations used in this study. CONCLUSIONS: CBCT-based alveolar bone width is increased when the image volume is oriented with the mandibular base parallel to the horizontal plane and dolichofacial individuals present greater alveolar bone height.


Assuntos
Processo Alveolar , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Implantes Dentários , Processo Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem
15.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 133, 2019 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30808367

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The state of São Paulo recorded a significant reduction in infant mortality from 1990 to 2013, but the desired reduction in maternal mortality was not achieved. Knowledge of the factors with impact on these indicators would be of help in formulating public policies. The aims of this study were to evaluate the relations between socioeconomic and demographic factors, health care model and both infant mortality (considering the neonatal and post-neonatal dimensions) and maternal mortality in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: In this ecological study, data from national official open sources were used to conduct a population-based study. The units analyzed were 645 municipalities in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. For each municipality, the infant mortality (in both neonatal and post-neonatal dimensions) and maternal mortality rates were calculated for every 1000 live births, referring to 2013. Subsequently, the association between these rates, socioeconomic variables, demographic models and the primary care organization model in the municipality were verified. For statistical analysis, we used the zero-inflated negative binomial model. Gross analysis was performed and then multiple regression models were estimated. For associations, we adopted "p" at 5%. RESULTS: The increase in the HDI of the city and proportion of Family Health Care Strategy implemented were significantly associated with the reduction in both infant mortality (neonatal + post-neonatal) and maternal mortality rates. In turn, the increase in birth and caesarean delivery rates were associated with the increase in infant and maternal mortality rates. CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded that the Family Health Care Strategy was a Primary Care organization model that contributed to the reduction in infant (neonatal + post-neonatal) and maternal mortality rates, and so did actors such as HDI and cesarean section. Thus, public health managers should prefer this model when planning the organization of Primary Care services for the population.


Assuntos
Mortalidade Materna , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Cesárea/mortalidade , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Mortalidade Materna/tendências , Modelos Estatísticos , Análise Multivariada , Gravidez
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30738753

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate interpretation conditions in the subjective in vitro assessment of dental tissue-equivalent radiographic contrast. STUDY DESIGN: Radiographic images with the density of dental structures were randomized and arranged in 20 sequences with images juxtaposed and separated. Twelve observers interpreted the sequence among the most radiolucent and radiopaque images with 3 displays, 3 horizontal viewing angles, and 3 ambient light conditions. The evaluation time was recorded. The hit percentage was calculated for each evaluation. Three-way analysis of variance with Tukey's test was used to compare the conditions of interpretation. The intraclass correlation coefficient was used to assess agreement (α = 0.05). RESULTS: No differences in hit percentages were found among the 3 displays or among the juxtaposed and separated images. Increased hit percentages were recorded for images assessed at 90° compared with 45° for all displays and in high ambient light vs intermediate and low light at 90°. Increased evaluation time was recorded for the consumer-grade display under high ambient light and for the separated images. CONCLUSIONS: The subjective in vitro assessment of dental tissue-equivalent radiographic contrast is not influenced by computer display, which should be viewed at a horizontal viewing angle of 90° and under high ambient light. Longer evaluation times may be expected with consumer-grade displays.


Assuntos
Apresentação de Dados , Boca/diagnóstico por imagem , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Intensificação de Imagem Radiográfica
17.
J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 77(4): 721-729, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30597135

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of facial profile and age on the morphology of the nasopalatine canal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred thirty-two cone-beam computed tomograms were classified according to facial profile-mesofacial, brachyfacial, and dolichofacial-and divided into the following age groups: 21 to 30, 31 to 40, 41 to 50, and 51 to 60 years. Measurements were obtained for openings of the incisive and nasopalatine foramina, alveolar bone thickness, and the full length, most constricted region, and volume of the nasopalatine canal. Intra- and inter-examiner agreements were calculated using the intraclass correlation coefficient. After exploratory and descriptive analysis, data were subjected to 2-way analysis of variance and Tukey test for comparisons between facial profiles and age groups. The significance level was 5% (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Intra- and inter-examiner reproducibilities were excellent for all measurements. Patients older than 50 years presented a significantly larger nasopalatine canal than patients 21 to 30 years old for all facial profiles (P ≤ .05). Linear measurements obtained from the nasopalatine canal showed no significant difference between facial profiles and age groups (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: The nasopalatine canal was not influenced by facial profile but did exhibit an increased volume with aging, particularly after 50 years of age.

18.
Dentomaxillofac Radiol ; 48(4): 20180340, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30563362

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of rotation degree and field of view (FOV) size on the amount of artefacts produced in cone beam CT (CBCT) images. METHODS: A cylindrical wax utility phantom, with a metallic sample in its interior, was scanned with two FOV sizes (100 x 100 and 40 x 40 mm) and in full (360°) and partial (~180°) rotations. After the acquisitions, images were objectively assessed in the ImageJ software, obtaining the standard deviation in areas around the metal sample. The influence of artefacts produced by the several FOVs and rotation degrees was compared by two-way analysis of variance (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The images obtained with a large FOV presented a higher amount of noise compared to a restricted FOV, both for partial (p = 0.0037) and full (p = 0.0023) rotation degrees. For images obtained with a restricted FOV, full rotation resulted in images with less noise (p = 0.0259). For images obtained with large FOV, there was no statistically significant difference (p = 0.1494) in noise for both rotation protocols. CONCLUSIONS: As there were no significant differences in the amount of artefacts in rotation protocols for large FOVs, the partial rotation can be indicated due to its lower exposure to radiation. For acquiring images with restricted FOVs, the full rotation is recommended.


Assuntos
Artefatos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Imagens de Fantasmas , Rotação
19.
Clin Oral Investig ; 23(5): 2187-2198, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30280326

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of 10% carbamide peroxide (CP) with two different thickeners, carbopol (CPc) and natrosol (CPn), on color variation (CV), tooth sensitivity (TS), and cytotoxicity (CC). METHODS: Seventy subjects were distributed into the CPc or CPn groups (n = 35), in a parallel group, randomized, controlled, single-blind clinical trial. Bleaching gels were used by volunteers for 4 h daily for 2 weeks. Color evaluation was performed using a reflectance spectrophotometer, before bleaching treatment (BT), immediately after the first and second weeks of BT, and 1 week and 1 month after BT ended. TS was evaluated using two pain scales, before, during, and after BT. CC was evaluated using MTT after exposure of MDPC-23 cells to the bleaching gels for 4 h. Epoxy replicas of the subjects teeth were made before and after BT and analyzed using a scanning electronic microscope. The data was analyzed using statistical methods. RESULTS: CV and TS showed similar variation between both bleaching gels (p ≤ 0.05). None of the protocols affected cellular metabolism or the surface morphology of enamel. CONCLUSIONS: Bleaching gels with carbopol and natrosol as thickening agents produced similarly effective tooth bleaching and TS, but did not cause cytotoxicity. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Natrosol could be an alternative as a thickener used in bleaching gels due to its similar bleaching effect and TS when compared with Carbopol.


Assuntos
Resinas Acrílicas/química , Peróxido de Carbamida/química , Sensibilidade da Dentina , Clareadores Dentários/química , Clareamento Dental , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Cor , Feminino , Géis , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Peróxidos , Método Simples-Cego , Adulto Jovem
20.
Dentomaxillofac Radiol ; 48(3): 20180290, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30540919

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of metal artefact reduction (MAR) in cone beam CT (CBCT) artefacts arising from metallic objects in the exomass. A radiographic phantom composed of 16 polypropylene tubes filled with a homogeneous radiopaque solution was created. CBCT scans were obtained with two units: Picasso Trio (Vatech, South Korea) and ProMax (Planmeca, Finland). The phantom was centred in a 5 × 5 cm field-of-view (FOV) with titanium and CoCr inserts in the exomass. All scans were repeated after enabling MAR. Mean voxel values were obtained from the 16 tubes and standard deviation was calculated as a way of measuring voxel value variability. Mean values and voxel value variability were compared individually in the presence and absence of MAR by means of analysis of variance, followed by Tukey's test (α = 0.05). In the Picasso Trio, MAR significantly decreased mean voxel values (p ≤ 0.05) and increased voxel value variability (p > 0.05) in the presence of titanium. When CoCr was present, no statistical difference (p > 0.05) was observed. In the ProMax, MAR increased significantly mean voxel values (p ≤ 0.05) in the presence of titanium, and presented no significant difference (p > 0.05) for CoCr. Voxel value variability did not differ significantly (p > 0.05) for both materials. In conclusion, MAR was not effective to correct CBCT artefacts arising from metallic objects in the exomass in the two CBCT units used.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Artefatos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Imagens de Fantasmas
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