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1.
Int J Cardiol ; 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34793855

RESUMO

AIMS: Ageing and comorbidities are increasing frailty/complexity of heart failure (HF) patients globally. We assessed evolving trends over two decades according to patients' age and time of recruitment in a nationwide cardiology setting in Italy. METHODS AND RESULTS: Chronic HF outpatients recruited between 1999 and 2018 (N = 14,823) were divided into 3 cohorts: 1999-2005 (N = 5404); 2006-2011 (N = 3971); 2012-2018 (N = 5448). We analyzed temporal changes in clinical characteristics, therapies, and outcome (1-year all-cause mortality/cardiovascular hospitalization), overall and by age group: <65 (n = 5465); 65-79 (n = 6838); ≥80 (n = 2520) years old. Across enrolment epochs, comorbidities (atrial fibrillation, hypertension, obesity) increased by both epoch/age groups (p < 0.001), whereas the prevalence of ischemic etiology declined among patients ≥65 years (p = 0.05). Accordingly, the preserved LVEF phenotype (HFpEF) increased in all age categories (p < 0.001) over time. Moreover, the use of betablockers, mineralocorticoid-receptor antagonists and loop-diuretics rose by enrolment epoch in all age groups (p < 0.05). In parallel with these epidemiologic/treatment changes, age-adjusted survival free from cardiovascular hospitalization improved over time (p < 0.0001). However, divergent trends in the end-point components were apparent according to age groups: mortality decreased in patients<80 years, although hospitalizations remained stable in the youngest group, while subjects ≥65 years were less likely to be admitted for cardiovascular causes (all p < 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Over two decades in a cardiology outpatient setting, the prevalence of comorbid HFpEF increased in all age categories. Mortality improved among patients<80 years and cardiovascular hospitalizations decreased in patients≥65 years. These findings point to the value of cardiologist' input in the management of adult chronic HF patients at all ages.

2.
Int J Cardiol ; 345: 111-117, 2021 12 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743891

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Only one large series has been reported on fat embolism syndrome (FES), a condition caused by fat globules release into the circulation, primarily as consequence of bone fracture. Thus, more data on clinical features, therapies, and prognosis are needed. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study screened 1090 manuscripts in PubMed and Web of Science on cases of FES published from June 2010 to June 2020. The authors identified 124 studies and included in the pooled-analysis 135 patients (>14 years), plus one additional unpublished case managed in Tongji hospital. All had confirmed diagnosis of FES with complete clinical data. The median age at presentation was 39 years, and 82 (61.8%) were men. FES was predominantly associated with bone fractures (78, 57.4%), particularly femur fracture (59, 43.4%). The most common clinical finding at the onset was respiratory abnormalities in 34.6% of all clinical presentations. Therapies included respiratory supportive care in 127 (93.4%) patients, application of corticosteroids in 22 (16.2%) and anticoagulant in 5 (3.7%) cases. Overall mortality was 30.2% (N = 41), and logistic regression analysis showed that corticosteroid therapy was significantly associated with reduced mortality with an OR of 0.143 (95%CI 0.029-0.711), while age ≥ 65 years and non-orthopedic conditions were significantly associated with increased mortality with an OR of 4.816 (95%CI 1.638-14.160) and 4.785 (95%CI 1.019-22.474). CONCLUSIONS: FES has been associated with a larger mortality rate than previously observed, although publication bias can have led to overestimation of mortality. Finally, a potential protective effect of corticosteroid therapy has been suggested by the current analysis.


Assuntos
Embolia Gordurosa , Fraturas Ósseas , Corticosteroides , Idoso , Embolia Gordurosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolia Gordurosa/epidemiologia , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico
5.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 18(7): 534-548, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404990

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has hit the healthcare system worldwide. The risk of severe infection and mortality increases with advancing age, especially in subjects with comorbidities such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes, obesity and cancer. Moreover, cardiovascular complications such as myocardial injury, heart failure and thromboembolism are frequently observed in COVID-19 cases, and several biomarkers (troponin, NTproBNP and D-Dimer) have been identified as prognostic indicators of disease severity and worst outcome. Currently, there is no specific therapy against SARS-CoV-2, although many medications are under investigation. The aim of this review will be to explore the intertwined relationship between COVID-19 disease and the cardiovascular system, focusing on elderly population. The available supportive treatments along with the related concerns in elderly patients, due to their comorbidities and polypharmacotherapy, will be explored.

6.
Int J Cardiol ; 340: 26-33, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34437934

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is conflicting observational data on the survival benefit cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED) in patients with LVADs. METHODS: Patients in whom an LVAD was implanted between January 2008 and April 2017 in the multinational Trans-Atlantic Registry on VAD and Transplant (TRAViATA) registry were separated into four groups based on the presence of CIED prior to LVAD implantation: none (n = 146), implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD) (n = 239), cardiac resynchronization without defibrillator (CRT-P) (n = 28), and CRT with defibrillator (CRT-D) (n = 111). RESULTS: A total of 524 patients (age 52 years ±12, 84.4% male) were followed for 354 (interquartile range: 166-701) days. After multivariable adjustment, there were no differences in survival across the groups. In comparison to no device, only CRT-D was associated with late right ventricular failure (RVF) (hazard ratio 2.85, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.42-5.72, p = 0.003). There was no difference in risk of early RVF across the groups or risk of ICD shocks between those with ICD and CRT-D. CONCLUSION: In a multinational registry of patients with LVADs, there were no differences in survival with respect to CIED subtype. However, patients with a pre-existing CRT-D had a higher likelihood of late RVF suggesting significant long-term morbidity in those with devices capable of LV­lead pacing post LVAD implantation.


Assuntos
Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Coração Auxiliar , Eletrônica , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196079

RESUMO

AIMS: The outcomes of patients presenting with acute myocarditis and life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias (LT-VA) are unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence and predictors of recurrent major arrhythmic events (MAEs) after hospital discharge in this patient population. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively analysed 156 patients (median age 44 years; 77% male) discharged with a diagnosis of acute myocarditis and LT-VA from 16 hospitals worldwide. Diagnosis of myocarditis was based on histology or the combination of increased markers of cardiac injury and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) Lake Louise criteria. MAEs were defined as the relapse, after discharge, of sudden cardiac death or successfully defibrillated ventricular fibrillation, or sustained ventricular tachycardia (sVT) requiring implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy or synchronized external cardioversion. Median follow-up was 23 months [first to third quartile (Q1-Q3) 7-60]. Fifty-eight (37.2%) patients experienced MAEs after discharge, at a median of 8 months (Q1-Q3 2.5-24.0 months; 60.3% of MAEs within the first year). At multivariable Cox analysis, variables independently associated with MAEs were presentation with sVT [hazard ratio (HR) 2.90, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.38-6.11]; late gadolinium enhancement involving ≥2 myocardial segments (HR 4.51, 95% CI 2.39-8.53), and absence of positive short-tau inversion recovery (STIR) (HR 2.59, 95% CI 1.40-4.79) at first CMR. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients discharged with a diagnosis of myocarditis and LT-VA, 37.2% had recurrences of MAEs during follow-up. Initial CMR pattern and sVT at presentation stratify the risk of arrhythmia recurrence.

10.
ESC Heart Fail ; 8(5): 4322-4327, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34191408

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients in heart transplantation (HTx) waiting list for advanced heart failure (HF) are susceptible to acute deterioration refractory to standard HF medical therapies. Limited data are available on long-term in-hospital continuous intravenous (IV) inotropic therapy as bridge to definite therapies. METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed medical records of all heart transplant recipients treated in the pre-HTx phase with in-hospital continuous IV inotropes at our institution between 2012 and 2018. We analysed data before the beginning of continuous IV therapy and at the moment of HTx. We report data of 24 patients (mean age of 43.5 ± 15.7 years) treated with IV inotropes as bridge to HTx (median follow-up of 28 months after HTx). The main length of IV inotropic therapy was 84 ± 66 days (min 22; max 264 days). At the beginning, the most frequently used inotrope was dopamine (median dosage of 3 mcg/kg/min, interquartile range 2.5-3.75), alone (n = 11, 46%) or in combination with other inotropes (n = 13, 54%). In 18 patients, the class of inotropes was changed during the hospitalization. We registered a progressive improvement of perfusion markers and neuro-hormonal activation. CONCLUSION: In-hospital continuous parenteral inotropic therapy may serve as a temporary pharmacological bridge to HTx in patients with advanced HF that are actively listed to HTx with good reply in terms of prognosis and perfusion markers.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Transplante de Coração , Administração Intravenosa , Adulto , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Hospitalização , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Listas de Espera
11.
Minerva Urol Nephrol ; 2021 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33949184

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The management of recurrent female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) still needs worldwide standardization. Few data on the role of urethral bulking agents (UBA) for the treatment of recurrent stress urinary incontinence exist. The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of urethral bulking agents for the treatment of recurrent SUI. METHODS: A multicenter, prospective study was conducted in four tertiary referral centers in two countries. All consecutive women with urodynamically proven recurrent SUI, and with a history of previous failed anti-incontinence surgical procedure (mid-urethral sling or single incision sling), treated by UBAs were included. We evaluated only patients who completed at least a 3yr follow up. Data regarding subjective outcomes (International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form, Patient Global Impression of Improvement, Urogenital Distress Inventory score and patient satisfaction score), objective cure (stress test) rates, and adverse events were collected during follow-up. Univariable and multivariable analyses was performed to investigate outcomes. RESULTS: Forty-seven consecutive patients were enrolled. At 3-yr follow-up, all women were available for the evaluation. At 3 yr after surgery, 38 of 47 patients (81%) declared themselves cured. Similarly, at 3-yr evaluation, 39 of 47 patients (83%) were objectively cured. Only 5 patients (10.6 %) required reoperation for UBA failure. The urodynamic diagnosis of preoperative detrusor overactivity and the PDet Max filling phase ≥15 cmH2O (hazard ratio: 2.74; 95% CI, 1.64-10.7; p=0.009 and 1.62; 95% CI, 1.11-3.42; p=0.04, respectively) were the only predictors of failure. Only four complications were reported (8.5%). CONCLUSIONS: The 3-yr results of this study showed that bulking agents is an appropriately effective and safe option for the treatment of recurrent SUI. The presence of preoperative concomitant detrusor overactivity is associated with a significant decrease of the efficacy of this procedure.

14.
J Clin Med ; 10(7)2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915856

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: the aim of this study was to perform an Italian telematics survey analysis on the changes in couples' sex lives during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) lockdown. METHODS: a multicenter cross sectional study was conducted on people sexually active and in stable relationships for at least 6 months. To evaluate male and female sexual dysfunctions, we used the international index of erectile function (IIEF-15) and the female sexual function index (FSFI), respectively; marital quality and stability were evaluated by the marital adjustment test (items 10-15); to evaluate the severity of anxiety symptoms, we used the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale. The effects of the quarantine on couples' relationships was assessed with questions created in-house. RESULTS: we included 2149 participants. The sex lives improved for 49% of participants, particularly those in cohabitation; for 29% it deteriorated, while for 22% of participants it did not change. Women who responded that their sex lives deteriorated had no sexual dysfunction, but they had anxiety, tension, fear, and insomnia. Contrarily, men who reported deteriorating sex lives had erectile dysfunctions and orgasmic disorders. In both genders, being unemployed or smart working, or having sons were risk factors for worsening the couples' sex lives. CONCLUSION: this study should encourage evaluation of the long-term effects of COVID-19 on the sex lives of couples.

16.
Am J Transplant ; 21(10): 3280-3295, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33764625

RESUMO

Despite much progress in improving graft outcome during cardiac transplantation, chronic allograft vasculopathy (CAV) remains an impediment to long-term graft survival. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) emerged as regulators of the immune response. Here, we aimed to examine the miRNA network involved in CAV. miRNA profiling of heart samples obtained from a murine model of CAV and from cardiac-transplanted patients with CAV demonstrated that miR-21 was most significantly expressed and was primarily localized to macrophages. Interestingly, macrophage depletion with clodronate did not significantly prolong allograft survival in mice, while conditional deletion of miR-21 in macrophages or the use of a specific miR-21 antagomir resulted in indefinite cardiac allograft survival and abrogated CAV. The immunophenotype, secretome, ability to phagocytose, migration, and antigen presentation of macrophages were unaffected by miR-21 targeting, while macrophage metabolism was reprogrammed, with a shift toward oxidative phosphorylation in naïve macrophages and with an inhibition of glycolysis in pro-inflammatory macrophages. The aforementioned effects resulted in an increase in M2-like macrophages, which could be reverted by the addition of L-arginine. RNA-seq analysis confirmed alterations in arginase-associated pathways associated with miR-21 antagonism. In conclusion, miR-21 is overexpressed in murine and human CAV, and its targeting delays CAV onset by reprogramming macrophages metabolism.


Assuntos
Transplante de Coração , MicroRNAs , Aloenxertos , Animais , Rejeição de Enxerto/genética , Rejeição de Enxerto/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Coração/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Macrófagos , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética
17.
Urol Int ; 105(5-6): 414-420, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33611317

RESUMO

AIMS: The objective of the study was to analyze short-term outcomes and safety profile of the newly designed artificial urinary sphincters (AUSs) VICTO® and VICTOplus®. METHODS: Data from the implant of VICTO® or VICTOplus® AUSs on a series of consecutive male patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) following radical prostatectomy (RP) were retrospectively collected in 3 tertiary referral centers between May 2017 and December 2019. Patients were affected by moderate-severe genuine SUI (200-400 or >400 g urine leakage in 24-h pad test) refractory to conservative treatment. Outcomes were evaluated through the 24-h pad test and the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence Short Form (ICIQ-UI-SF). Follow-up was scheduled after 3, 6, and 12 months and then when clinically needed. Nonparametric tests were applied in subgroup analyses. RESULTS: Seventeen patients were enrolled: 8 were implanted with the VICTO® device and 9 with VICTOplus®. The median age at surgery was 69 (interquartile range (IQR) 60-75) years. The median follow-up was 15 (IQR 12-18) months. At 12 months, the dry rate was 76.4% and the social continence rate was 94%. The postoperative complication rate was 17.6%. All complications were classified as Clavien-Dindo I. No difference in terms of outcomes was observed between the VICTO® and the VICTOplus® subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: Preliminary outcomes of the VICTO® and VICTOplus® implantation are satisfactory. These devices may represent a safe and realistic solution for patients with moderate-severe SUI following RP.


Assuntos
Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Prostatectomia , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/cirurgia , Esfíncter Urinário Artificial , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos/métodos
18.
Nat Rev Cardiol ; 18(3): 169-193, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33046850

RESUMO

Inflammatory cardiomyopathy, characterized by inflammatory cell infiltration into the myocardium and a high risk of deteriorating cardiac function, has a heterogeneous aetiology. Inflammatory cardiomyopathy is predominantly mediated by viral infection, but can also be induced by bacterial, protozoal or fungal infections as well as a wide variety of toxic substances and drugs and systemic immune-mediated diseases. Despite extensive research, inflammatory cardiomyopathy complicated by left ventricular dysfunction, heart failure or arrhythmia is associated with a poor prognosis. At present, the reason why some patients recover without residual myocardial injury whereas others develop dilated cardiomyopathy is unclear. The relative roles of the pathogen, host genomics and environmental factors in disease progression and healing are still under discussion, including which viruses are active inducers and which are only bystanders. As a consequence, treatment strategies are not well established. In this Review, we summarize and evaluate the available evidence on the pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of myocarditis and inflammatory cardiomyopathy, with a special focus on virus-induced and virus-associated myocarditis. Furthermore, we identify knowledge gaps, appraise the available experimental models and propose future directions for the field. The current knowledge and open questions regarding the cardiovascular effects associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection are also discussed. This Review is the result of scientific cooperation of members of the Heart Failure Association of the ESC, the Heart Failure Society of America and the Japanese Heart Failure Society.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Miocardite/fisiopatologia , Viroses/fisiopatologia , Animais , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Autoimunidade/imunologia , Biópsia , COVID-19/fisiopatologia , COVID-19/terapia , Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatias/imunologia , Cardiomiopatias/terapia , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Coxsackievirus/terapia , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/imunologia , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/terapia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Infecções por Echovirus/imunologia , Infecções por Echovirus/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Echovirus/terapia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/imunologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/terapia , Eritema Infeccioso/imunologia , Eritema Infeccioso/fisiopatologia , Eritema Infeccioso/terapia , Infecções por HIV/fisiopatologia , Hepatite C/imunologia , Hepatite C/fisiopatologia , Hepatite C/terapia , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Inflamação/imunologia , Inflamação/terapia , Influenza Humana/imunologia , Influenza Humana/fisiopatologia , Influenza Humana/terapia , Leucócitos/imunologia , Miocardite/diagnóstico , Miocardite/imunologia , Miocardite/terapia , Miocárdio/patologia , Prognóstico , Infecções por Roseolovirus/imunologia , Infecções por Roseolovirus/fisiopatologia
20.
Int J Cardiol ; 324: 131-138, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33122017

RESUMO

Fulminant myocarditis (FM) is a form of acute myocardial inflammation leading to rapid-onset hemodynamic instability due to cardiogenic shock or life-threatening arrhythmias. As highlighted by recent registries, FM is associated with high rates of death and heart transplantation, regardless of the underlying histology. Because of a paucity of evidence-based management strategies exists for this disease, an International workshop on FM was held in Wuhan, China, in October 2019, in order to share knowledge on the disease and identify areas of consensus. The present report highlights both agreements and controversies in FM management across the world, focusing the attention on areas of opportunity, FM definition, the use of endomyocardial biopsy and viral identification on heart specimens, treatment algorithms including immunosuppression and the timing of circulatory support escalation. This report incorporates the most recent recommendations from national and international professional societies. Main areas of interest and aims of future prospective observational registries and randomized controlled trials were finally identified and suggested.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Gerenciamento Clínico , Educação/métodos , Internacionalidade , Miocardite/epidemiologia , COVID-19/terapia , China/epidemiologia , Educação/tendências , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Miocardite/terapia
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