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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33871586

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To characterize the clinical and biological course, management and response to treatment in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)-associated Pure Red Cell Aplasia (PRCA). METHODS: Nationwide multicentre retrospective cohort study. From 2006 to 2018, we included adults with a diagnosis of PRCA supported by bone-marrow examination and SLE or biologic manifestations of SLE after ruling out parvovirus B19 infection. RESULTS: We enrolled 24 patients (20 women). SLE was diagnosed before PRCA for 14 patients (median delay 81 months). At PRCA diagnosis, mean age, haemoglobin level and reticulocyte and differential erythroblast count were 39.2 ± 13.2 years, 62 ± 20 g/L, 9.1 ± 7.6 x 109/L and 2.8 ± 2.5%, respectively. Eleven (45%) patients experienced multiple PRCA flares (median 6, range: 2-11). Corticosteroid therapy resulted in only three complete sustained responses, and 19 (79%) patients required immunosuppressive agents with highly variable regimens. After a median follow-up of 76 months (range 13-173), 17 (71%) patients showed complete response for PRCA, five (21%) partial response and two (8%) treatment failure. In total, 21 (87%) patients required red-blood-cell transfusion; five had a diagnosis of transfusion-related iron overload. Eighteen (75%) patients experienced severe infectious events requiring hospitalization. CONCLUSION: SLE-associated PRCA is a severe condition. Repeated red-blood-cell transfusions and several lines of immunosuppressant therapy are mostly required with high risk of severe infectious events and iron overload. Despite sustained response for PRCA and SLE obtained in most patients, the best therapeutic strategy remains to be determined.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33894209

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Markedly elevated levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and defective type-I interferon responses were reported in COVID-19 patients. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether particular cytokine profiles are associated with COVID-19 severity and mortality. METHODS: Cytokine concentrations and SARS-CoV-2 antigen were measured at hospital admission in serum of symptomatic COVID-19 patients (N=115), classified at hospitalization into three respiratory severity groups: no need for mechanical ventilatory support (No-MVS), intermediate severity requiring mechanical ventilatory support (MVS) and critical severity requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Principal component analysis was used to characterize cytokine profiles associated with severity and mortality. The results were thereafter confirmed in an independent validation cohort (N=86). RESULTS: At time of hospitalization, ECMO patients presented a dominant pro-inflammatory response with elevated levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8 and IL-10. In contrast, an elevated type-I interferon response involving IFN-α and IFN-ß was characteristic of No-MVS patients, whereas MVS patients exhibited both profiles. Mortality at one month was associated with higher levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in ECMO patients, higher levels of type-I interferons in No-MVS patients and their combination in MVS patients, resulting in a combined mortality prediction accuracy of 88.5% (Risk Ratio 24.3, p<0.0001). SARS-CoV-2 antigen levels correlated with type-I interferon levels and were associated with mortality, but not with pro-inflammatory response or severity. CONCLUSION: Distinct cytokine profiles are observed in association with COVID-19 severity and are differentially predictive of mortality according to oxygen support modalities. These results warrant personalized treatment of COVID-19 patients based on cytokine profiling.

3.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 7893, 2021 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33846459

RESUMO

APOBEC3 (A3) enzymes are best known for their role as antiviral restriction factors and as mutagens in cancer. Although four of them, A3A, A3B, A3F and A3G, are induced by type-1-interferon (IFN-I), their role in inflammatory conditions is unknown. We thus investigated the expression of A3, and particularly A3A and A3B because of their ability to edit cellular DNA, in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by high IFN-α serum levels. In a cohort of 57 SLE patients, A3A and A3B, but also A3C and A3G, were upregulated ~ 10 to 15-fold (> 1000-fold for A3B) compared to healthy controls, particularly in patients with flares and elevated serum IFN-α levels. Hydroxychloroquine, corticosteroids and immunosuppressive treatment did not reverse A3 levels. The A3AΔ3B polymorphism, which potentiates A3A, was detected in 14.9% of patients and in 10% of controls, and was associated with higher A3A mRNA expression. A3A and A3B mRNA levels, but not A3C or A3G, were correlated positively with dsDNA breaks and negatively with lymphopenia. Exposure of SLE PBMCs to IFN-α in culture induced massive and sustained A3A levels by 4 h and led to massive cell death. Furthermore, the rs2853669 A > G polymorphism in the telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) promoter, which disrupts an Ets-TCF-binding site and influences certain cancers, was highly prevalent in SLE patients, possibly contributing to lymphopenia. Taken together, these findings suggest that high baseline A3A and A3B levels may contribute to cell frailty, lymphopenia and to the generation of neoantigens in SLE patients. Targeting A3 expression could be a strategy to reverse cell death and the generation of neoantigens.

4.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 23(1): 70, 2021 03 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33658052

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lupus animal model has shown that arsenic trioxide (ATO), a treatment of acute promyelocytic leukaemia, could be effective in SLE. This is the first clinical study to determine the safety and efficacy of a short course of intravenous ATO in patients with active SLE. METHODS: This phase IIa, open-label, dose-escalating study enrolled 11 adult SLE patients with a non-organ threatening disease, clinically active despite conventional therapy. Patients received 10 IV infusions of ATO within 24 days. The first group received 0.10 mg/kg per injection, with dose-escalating to 0.15 mg/kg in a second group, and to 0.20 mg/kg in a third group. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of adverse events (AEs) and secondary endpoints were the number of SLE Responder Index 4 (SRI-4) responders at week 24 and reduction of corticosteroid dosage. In an exploratory analysis, we collected long-term data for safety and attainment of lupus low disease activity state (LLDAS). RESULTS: Four serious AEs occurred (grade 3 neutropenia, osteitis, neuropathy), 2 of which were attributable to ATO (neutropenia in the 2 patients treated with mycophenolate). Two patients suffered a severe flare during the last 4 weeks of the trial. At W24, five patients among 10 were SRI-4 responders. Overall, mean corticosteroid dosage decreased from 11.25 mg/day at baseline to 6 mg/day at W24 (P < 0.01). In the long term, 6 patients attained LLDAS at W52, which continued at last follow-up (median LLDAS duration 3 years, range 2-4). CONCLUSIONS: A short course of ATO has an acceptable safety profile in SLE patients and encouraging efficacy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01738360  registered 30 November 2012.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33576823

RESUMO

We report a multicentric retrospective case series of patients with COVID-19 who developed acute kidney injury and/or proteinuria and underwent a kidney biopsy in the Paris and its metropolitan area. Forty-seven patients (80.9% men) with COVID-19 who underwent a kidney biopsy between March 08 and May 19, 2020 were included. Median age was 63 years IQR [52-69]. Comorbidities included hypertension (66.0%), diabetes mellitus (27.7%), obesity (27.7%), history of chronic kidney (25.5%), cardiac (38.6%) and respiratory (27.3%) diseases. Initial symptoms were fever (85.1%), cough (63.8%), shortness of breath (55.3%), and diarrhea (23.4%). Almost all patients developed acute kidney injury (97.9%) and 63.8% required renal replacement therapy. Kidney biopsy showed two main histopathological patterns, including acute tubular injury in 20 (42.6%) patients, and glomerular injury consisting of collapsing glomerulopathy and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis in 17 (36.2%) patients. Two (4.3%) patients had acute vascular nephropathy, while eight (17%) had alternative diagnosis most likely unrelated to COVID-19. Acute tubular injury occurred almost invariably in the setting of severe forms of COVID-19, whereas patients with glomerular injury had various profiles of COVID-19 severity and collapsing glomerulopathy was only observed in patients harboring a combination of APOL1 risk variants. At last follow-up, 16 of the 30 patients who initially required dialysis were still on dialysis, and 9 died. The present study describes the spectrum of kidney lesions in patients with COVID-19. While acute tubular injury is correlated with COVID-19 severity, the pattern of glomerular injury is intimately associated with the expression of APOL1 risk variants.

7.
Nat Rev Rheumatol ; 17(3): 177-184, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33408338

RESUMO

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the need to provide high-level care for a large number of patients with COVID-19 has affected resourcing for, and limited the routine care of, all other conditions. The impact of this health emergency is particularly relevant in the rare connective tissue diseases (rCTDs) communities, as discussed in this Perspective article by the multi-stakeholder European Reference Network on Rare and Complex Connective Tissue and Musculoskeletal Diseases (ERN ReCONNET). The clinical, organizational and health economic challenges faced by health-care providers, institutions, patients and their families during the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak have demonstrated the importance of ensuring continuity of care in the management of rCTDs, including adequate diagnostics and monitoring protocols, and highlighted the need for a structured emergency strategy. The vulnerability of patients with rCTDs needs to be taken into account when planning future health policies, in preparation for not only the post-COVID era, but also any possible new health emergencies.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/epidemiologia , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Pandemias , Comorbidade , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/terapia , Humanos
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33410479

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Immunoglobulin A vasculitis (IgAV) is a small-vessel vasculitis most frequently benign in children while the disease is more severe in adults. We aimed to study the impact of age on presentation and outcome of adult IgAV. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide retrospective study including 260 IgAV patients. Patients were divided into four quartiles according to the age at IgAV diagnosis: <36; 36≤age < 52; 52≤age < 63 and ≥63 years. Comparison of presentation and outcome were performed according to age of disease onset. RESULTS: Mean age at diagnosis was 50.1 ± 18 years and 63% were male. IgAV diagnosed in the lowest quartile of age was associated with more frequent joint (p< 0.0001) and gastrointestinal involvement (p= 0.001). In contrast, the oldest patients had more severe purpura with necrotic lesions (p= 0.001) and more frequent renal involvement (p< 0.0001), with more frequent hematuria, renal failure, higher urine protein excretion and more frequent tubulointerstitial lesions. Patients were treated similarly in all groups of age, and clinical response and relapse rates were similar between groups. In the 127 treated patients with follow-up data for >6 months, clinical response and relapse rates were similar between the four groups. Median follow-up was of 17.2 months (9.1-38.3 months). Renal failure at the end of follow-up was significantly more frequent in the highest quartile of age (p= 0.02), but the occurrence of end-stage renal disease was similar in all groups. Last, overall and IgAV-related deaths were associated with increase age. CONCLUSION: Aging negatively impacts the severity and outcome of IgAV in adults. Younger patients have more frequent joint and gastrointestinal involvement, while old patients display more frequent severe purpura and glomerulonephritis.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32619473

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Patients with autoimmune encephalitis (AE) are likely to exhibit an acute onset of severe psychiatric features, including psychosis and/or catatonia. Based on the high prevalence of catatonia in AE and our clinical experience, we hypothesized that catatonia might be a marker of severity requiring more aggressive treatment approaches. METHODS: To reach a sufficient number of cases with brain-autoimmune conditions, we pooled two samples (N = 58): the first from the French National Network of Rare Psychiatric diseases and the second from the largest Italian neuro-pediatrics center for encephalopathies. Autoimmune conditions were diagnosed using a multidisciplinary approach and numerous paraclinical investigations. We retrospectively compared patients with and without catatonia for psychiatric and non-psychiatric clinical features, biological and imaging assessments, type of immunotherapy used and outcomes. RESULTS: The sample included 25 patients (43%) with catatonia and 33 (57%) without catatonia. Forty-two patients (72.4%) had a definite AE (including 27 anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis) and 16 (27.6%) suspected autoimmune encephalitis. Patients with catatonia showed significantly more psychotic features [18 (72%) vs 9 (27.3%), p < 0.001)] and more movement disorders [25 (100%) vs 20 (60.6%), p < 0.001] than patients without catatonia. First line (corticoids, immunoglobulin and plasma exchanges) and second line (e.g., rituximab) therapies were more effective in patients with catatonia, with 24 (96%) vs 22 (66.7%) (p = 0.006) and 17 (68%) vs 9 (27.3%) (p = 0.002), respectively. However, those with catatonia received more combinations of first and second line treatments and had more relapses during outcomes. CONCLUSION: Despite its exploratory design, the study supports the idea that autoimmune catatonia may be a marker of severity and morbidity in terms of initial presentation and relapses, requiring the need for early and aggressive treatment.

11.
Sci Transl Med ; 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33288662

RESUMO

Humoral immune responses are typically characterized by primary IgM antibody responses followed by secondary antibody responses associated with immune memory and comprised of of IgG, IgA and IgE. Here we measured acute humoral responses to SARS-CoV-2, including the frequency of antibody-secreting cells and the presence of SARS-CoV-2-specific neutralizing antibodies in the serum, saliva and broncho-alveolar fluid of 159 patients with COVID-19. Early SARS-CoV-2-specific humoral responses were dominated by IgA antibodies. Peripheral expansion of IgA plasmablasts with mucosal-homing potential was detected shortly after the onset of symptoms and peaked during the third week of the disease. The virus-specific antibody responses included IgG, IgM and IgA, but IgA contributed to virus neutralization to a greater extent compared with IgG. Specific IgA serum concentrations decreased notably one month after the onset of symptoms, but neutralizing IgA remained detectable in saliva for a longer time (days 49 to 73 post symptoms). These results represent a critical observation given the emerging information as to the types of antibodies associated with optimal protection against re-infection, and whether vaccine regimens should consider targeting a potent but potentially short-lived IgA response.

12.
Lupus ; : 961203320978519, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33292039

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD) is a self-limited histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis sometimes affecting the skin. "Kikuchi disease-like inflammatory pattern" (KLIP) has been described in cutaneous lesions as similar pathological features in patients without lymph node involvement and as a potential clue for the diagnosis of lupus. We aimed to describe KLIP-associated clinical and immunological features in lupus patients with a retrospective case-control study. METHODS: Thirteen cases of KLIP were included as well as thirty-nine age- and sex-matched control lupus patients without KLIP. At the time of KLIP diagnosis, 4/13 patients (31%) had isolated cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) and 9/13 had (69%) systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) including 6 (46%) with severe haematological, lung, cardiac or renal disease. KLIP features were observed in skin biopsies of different clinical presentations. RESULTS: Compared with our control group, KLIP patients more frequently had SLE 9/13 (69%) versus 8/39 (21%) (OR 12.9; IC95% [2.86-58.2]; p = 0.0004) and more frequently severe SLE. Two out of four CLE exhibiting KLIP lesions (50%) developed severe SLE with cardiac or renal involvement after 12 and 24 months, respectively.Treatment with thalidomide 100 mg/day allowed rapid and complete clearance of cutaneous lesions in 6/6 KLIP patients. The need to use thalidomide tended to be more frequent in KLIP patients than in controls. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that KLIP features in lupus skin lesions are associated with SLE and severe systemic features. Despite a limited number of isolated CLE patients with KLIP features in the skin, this observation may warrant closer follow-up on patients with a higher risk of developing SLE.

13.
Front Immunol ; 11: 597863, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33381119

RESUMO

Introduction: Anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) antibodies are pathogenic antibodies first detected in renal-limited anti-GBM disease and in Goodpasture disease, the latter characterized by rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis combined with intra-alveolar hemorrhage. Studies have suggested that anti-GBM antibody positivity may be of interest in lupus nephritis (LN). Moreover, severe anti-GBM vasculitis cases in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have been described in the literature, but few studies have assessed the incidence of anti-GBM antibodies in SLE patients. Objective: The main study objective was to determine if positive anti-GBM antibodies were present in the serum of SLE patients with or without proliferative renal damage and compared to a healthy control group. Methodology: This retrospective study was performed on SLE patients' sera from a Franco-German European biobank, developed between 2011 and 2014, from 17 hospital centers in the Haut-Rhin region. Patients were selected according to their renal involvement, and matched by age and gender. The serum from healthy voluntary blood donors was also tested. Anti-GBM were screened by fluorescence enzyme immunoassay (FEIA), and then by indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) in case of low reactivity detection (titer >6 U/ml). Results: The cohort was composed of 100 SLE patients with proliferative LN (27% with class III, 67% with class IV, and 6% with class V), compared to 100 SLE patients without LN and 100 controls. Patients were mostly Caucasian and met the ACR 1997 criteria and/or the SLICC 2012 criteria. Among the 300 tested sera, no significant levels of anti-GBM antibodies were detected (>10 U/ml) by the automated technique, three sera were found "ambivalent" (>7 U/ml): one in the SLE with LN group and two in the SLE without LN group. Subsequent IIF assays did not detect anti-GBM antibodies. Conclusion: Anti-GBM antibodies were not detected in the serum of Caucasian patients with SLE, even in case of renal involvement, a situation favoring the antigenic exposure of glomerular basement membranes. Our results reaffirm the central role of anti-GBM antibodies as a specific diagnostic biomarker for Goodpasture vasculitis and therefore confirm that anti-GBM antibody must not be carried out in patients with SLE (with or without LN) in the absence of disease-suggestive symptoms.

14.
Intern Med J ; 50(12): 1551-1558, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33354883

RESUMO

Nephrotic range proteinuria has been reported during the course of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and coronavirus disease (COVID-19). However, the pathological mechanisms underlying this manifestation are unknown. In this article, we present two cases of collapsing glomerulopathy (CG) associated with acute tubular necrosis during the course of COVID-19, and review the literature for similar reports. In our two cases, as in the 14 cases reported so far, the patients were of African ancestry. The 14 patients assessed had an APOL1 high-risk genotype. At the end of the reported period, two patients had died and five patients were still requiring dialysis. The 16 cases detailed in the present report strongly argue in favour of a causal link between SARS-CoV-2 infection and the occurrence of CG in patients homozygous for APOL1 high-risk genotype for which the term COVID-associated nephropathy (COVIDAN) can be put forward.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Lesão Renal Aguda/etiologia , /diagnóstico , Necrose do Córtex Renal/diagnóstico , Necrose do Córtex Renal/etiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33175957

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of fatigue is high in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In this study, we used latent class analysis to reveal patterns of fatigue, anxiety, depression and organ involvement in a large international cohort of SLE patients. METHODS: We used the Lupus BioBank of the upper Rhein to analyse patterns of fatigue using latent class analysis (LCA). After determining the optimal number of latent classes, patients were assigned according to model generated probabilities, and characteristics of classes were compared. RESULTS: A total of 502 patients were included. Significant fatigue, anxiety and depression were reported by 341 (67.9%), 159 (31.7%) and 52 (10.4%) patients, respectively. LCA revealed a first cluster (67.5% of patients) with low disease activity [median (25th-75th percentile interquartile range) Safety of Estrogens in Lupus Erythematosus National Assessment (SELENA)-SLEDAI: 2 (0-4)], significant fatigue (55.5%, P < 0.0001), low anxiety (11.8%, P < 0.0001) and depression (0.9%, P < 0.0001). Cluster 2 (25.3%) also comprised patients with low disease activity [SELENA-SLEDAI: 2 (0-6)], but those patients had a very high prevalence of fatigue (100%, P < 0.0001), anxiety (89%, P < 0.0001) and depression (38.6%, P < 0.0001). Cluster 3 (7.2%) comprised patients with high disease activity [SELENA-SLEDAI: 12 (8-17), P < 0.0001] and high fatigue (72.2%, P < 0.0001) with low levels of anxiety (16.7%, P < 0.0001) and no depression (0%, P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: LCA revealed three patterns of fatigue with important practical implications. Based on these, it is crucial to distinguish patients with active disease (in whom remission will be achieved) from those with no or mild activity but high levels of fatigue, depression and anxiety, for whom psychological counselling should be prioritized.

18.
Clin Nutr ESPEN ; 40: 214-219, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33183539

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Nutritional knowledge in patients with SARS-Cov2 infection (COVID-19) is limited. Our objectives were: i) to assess malnutrition in hospitalized COVID-19 patients, ii) to investigate the links between malnutrition and disease severity at admission, iii) to study the impact of malnutrition on clinical outcomes such as transfer to an intensive care unit (ICU) or death. METHODS: Consecutive patients hospitalized in a medicine ward at a university hospital were included from March 21st to April 24th 2020 (n = 114, 60.5% males, age: 59.9 ± 15.9 years). Nutritional status was defined using Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) criteria. Clinical, radiological and biological characteristics of COVID-19 patients were compared according to the presence of malnutrition. Logistic regression was used to assess associations between nutritional parameters and unfavourable outcomes such as transfer to intensive care unit (ICU) or death. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of malnutrition was 42.1% (moderate: 23.7%, severe: 18.4%). The prevalence of malnutrition reached 66.7% in patients admitted from ICU. No significant association was found between nutritional status and clinical signs of COVID-19. Lower albumin levels were associated with a higher risk of transfer to ICU (for 10 g/l of albumin, OR [95%CI]: 0.31 [0.1; 0.7]; p < 0.01) and this association was independent of age and CRP levels. CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 in medical units dedicated to non-intensive care is associated with a high prevalence of malnutrition, especially for patients transferred from ICU. These data emphasize the importance of early nutritional screening in these patients to adapt management accordingly.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Hospitalização , Desnutrição/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Desnutrição/complicações , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação Nutricional , Pandemias , Prevalência , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
19.
Cancers (Basel) ; 12(11)2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33153128

RESUMO

The pathogenesis of histiocytic neoplasms is driven by mutations activating the MAPK/ERK pathway, but little is known about the transcriptional and post-transcriptional alterations involved in these neoplasms. We analyzed microRNA (miRNA) expression in plasma samples and tissue biopsies of Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) and Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) patients. In silico analysis revealed a potential role of miRNAs in regulating gene expression in these neoplasms as compared with healthy controls (HC). NanoString analysis revealed 101 differentially expressed plasma miRNAs in 16 ECD patients as compared with 11 HC, 95% of which were downregulated. MiRNAs-15a-5p, -15b-5p, -21-5p, -107, -221-3p, -320e, -630, and let-7 family miRNAs were further evaluated by qRT-PCR in an extended cohort of 32 ECD patients, seven LCH and 15 HC. Six miRNAs (let-7a, let-7c, miR-15a-5p, miR-15b-5p, miR-107 and miR-630) were highly expressed in LCH plasma and tissue samples as compared with ECD. Pathway enrichment analysis indicated the miRNA contribution to inflammatory and pro-survival signaling pathways. Moreover, the let-7 family members were downregulated in untreated ECD patients as compared with HC, while treatment with MAPK/ERK signaling inhibitors for 16 weeks resulted in their upregulation, which was in parallel with the radiologic response seen by PET-CT. The study highlights the potential contribution of miRNA to the inflammatory and neoplastic characteristics of ECD and LCH.

20.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33099711

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: IgA vasculitis (IgAV) frequently occurs during or after a mucosal infection; it also rarely occurs in patients with cancer. We hypothesized that cancer could impact the baseline characteristics and/or outcome of vasculitis. We aimed to describe the presentation of IgAV in patients with cancer (IgAV ca+) compared to patients without cancer. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide retrospective study of adult patients in France who presented with both IgAV and cancer. Baseline characteristics were described and compared with those of the 260 patients included in a nationwide French IgAV study. RESULTS: Thirty patients were included. The mean age was 69 ± 12 years; 80% were men. Compared to patients without underlying cancer, IgAV ca+ patients were older (69 ± 12 vs. 50 ± 18 years; p < 0.0001) and they presented more frequently with necrotic purpura (53 vs. 26%; p < 0.002) and intra-alveolar hemorrhage (10 vs. 0.5%; p < 0.0001). IgAV ca+ patients frequently had elevated serum IgA levels (79 vs. 53%; p < 0.034); most (n = 22, 73%) had adenocarcinoma or urothelial carcinoma involving the large intestines (n = 6), bladder (n = 5), and lung (n = 5). Most IgAV ca+ patients had progressive cancer (n = 21); a minority had metastatic disease (n = 2) at IgAV diagnosis. After a median follow-up of 3 months, 8 deaths were observed but none was related to IgAV. CONCLUSION: Compared to their noncancer counterpart, patients with IgAV related to cancer were older and more frequently presented with necrotizing purpura, intra-alveolar hemorrhage, and elevated serum IgA levels. Adult patients with IgAV and these latter characteristics should be carefully screened for cancer. Key Points • Clinical and biological characteristics of patients presenting with IgAV are distinct depending on the underlying cause of vasculitis related to cancer. • Patients with IgAV related to cancer are older, and compared to their counterparts without IgAV, they present more frequently with necrotic purpura, alveolar hemorrhage, and elevated serum IgA levels. • All adult patients with IgAV should be screened for cancer, and there should be a focus on elderly male patients presenting with necrotic purpura and/or alveolar hemorrhage.

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