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1.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074752

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the efficacies of the two techniques of "micro-hemostasis and micro-cutting" with straight bipolar electrocoagulation forceps and traditional clamp-ligation for hemostasia in thyroid surgery. Methods: A total of 228 patients who underwent surgical treatment for thyroid neoplasms in our hospital between January 2015 and December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, including 50 males and 178 females, aged 23-68 years old. Of those, 150 cases as electric knife group received traditional thyroid surgery between January 2015 and December 2018 and 78 cases as bipolar electrocoagulation group received thyroid surgery by using the technique of bipolar electrocoagulation with meticulous anatomy between January 2018 and December 2018. The total operation time, single operation time, intraoperative hemorrhage, postoperative drainage volume on the first day, postoperative hoarseness and hypocalcemia were compared between the two groups. SPSS 16.0 was used to analyze the data. Results: The total operation time and intraoperative hemorrhage in the bipolar electrocoagulation group were significantly lower than those in the electric knife group ((59.33±18.29)min vs (77.21±25.39)min, (14.83±9.22)ml vs (36.86±11.80)ml, all P<0.01). The single operation time of the bipolar electrocoagulation group was shorter than that of the electric knife group((10.25±6.16) min vs (20.34±7.24)min, (16.25±7.15)min vs (35.68±8.25)min, (12.12±5.25)min vs (20.68±7.26)min, t value was 3.948,16.262,8.238, all P<0.01).There was no significant difference between the two groups in postoperative drainage volume on the first day (P>0.05) and the incidence of postoperative hoarseness (P>0.05), while the incidence of hypocalcemia in the bipolar electrocoagulation group(10.26%) was lower than that in the electric knife group(21.33%,χ(2)=4.353, P<0.05). Conclusions: The fine dissection for thyroid operation can be achieved by using straight bipolar electrocoagulation tweezers. The use of "micro-hemostasis" and "micro-cutting" technique with bipolar electrocoagulation tweezers can greatly reduce intraoperative bleeding, operation time and postoperative complication.


Assuntos
Eletrocoagulação , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Tireoidectomia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
2.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 54(11): 837-842, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795545

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the potential risk factors for the death of patients underwent gastric pull-up reconstruction following total pharyngoesophagectomy during perioperative periods. Methods: A total of 71 patients, including 64 males and 7 females, aged from 35 to 72 years old, with hypopharyngeal or cervical esophageal carcinoma, who underwent gastric pull-up reconstruction after pharyngoesophagectomy between October 2008 and October 2017, were reviewed retrospectively. Seventeen factors which may have potential influence on the mortality of patients during perioperative periods were evaluated by single factor Logistic regression analysis, and then those factors with obvious difference in statistics were further analyzed by multi-factor Logistic regression. Results: The rate of perioperative mortality was 9.9% (7/71). Single factor Logistic regression analysis indicated that the age of patients, abnormal electrocardiogram, TNM stages, alanine aminotransferase and D-Dimer changes, postoperative bleeding were risk factors for the death of patients(P values were 0.023, 0.004, 0.026, 0.021, 0.015 and 0.002, respectively). Multi-factor Logistic regression showed that postoperative bleeding and D-Dimer changes were 2 independent risk factors for perioperative death(P=0.021 and 0.047, respectively). Conclusions: Many potential factors may affect the perioperative mortality of patients underwent gastric pull-up reconstruction following total pharyngoesophagectomy. Postoperative bleeding and significantly elevated D-Dimer level were independent risk factors for the death of patients, indicating poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Esofagectomia/mortalidade , Esôfago/cirurgia , Faringectomia/mortalidade , Faringe/cirurgia , Estômago/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Anastomose Cirúrgica/mortalidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/sangue , Feminino , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/sangue , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/mortalidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
3.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262109

RESUMO

Objective: There is no effective therapy for patients with advanced medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). Vandetanib,a novel multitargeted receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has previously shown antitumor activity in phase Ⅱ studies of patients with advanced MTC. This study was to evaluate the efficacy and the safety of vandetanib on advanced MTC. Methods: This study was an open, international multi-center phase Ⅲ clinical trial and the study number was NCT01298323. The single-center study was a sub-group analysis of the international study, which was conducted on 9 pathologically confirmed advanced MTC patients by Cancer Hospital Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences between March 2012 and October 2017. Vandetanib (300 mg) was orally administered daily till death or withdrawal. The efficacy was evaluated according to RECIST criteria and the adverse events were evaluated according to NCI criteria. Results: The objective response rate was 3/9,and the disease control rate was 4/9. The median progression-free survival was 44 months. All patients who had the elevated levels of calcitonin (CTN) and carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA) before treatment began to show the decreases in the level of CTN and CEA after 3 months and later showed again the increases in the levels of both tumor markers with tumor progression. By ROC curve analysis, CTN was of statistically significance(P<0.05, 95%CI 0.558-0.834), but CEA was not(P>0.05). Adverse events were generally mild (grade 1 or 2),including hypertension (9 cases),skin rash (9 cases), and diarrhea (6 cases). Two patients developed grade 3 elevation of serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase and one patient developed grade 3 elevation of drug-related bowel disease. No grade 4 drug-related adverse event occurred. Conclusions: Vandetanib is effective and well tolerated for patients with locally advanced or metastatic MTC who have no chance for surgery. This indicates the increase of CTN is clinically relevant to disease progression, but the number of patients are extremely low, and, therefore further research is needed. Long-term use of vandetanib may cause resistance.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Medular/tratamento farmacológico , Piperidinas/administração & dosagem , Quinazolinas/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Oral , Carcinoma Medular/patologia , Humanos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29902846

RESUMO

Objective: To explore whether early oral feeding after total laryngectomy is safe and effective by evaluating the incidence of pharyngocutaneous fistula (PCF) and the hospital duration. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted, including 52 patients underwent total laryngectomy, plus partial tongue base resection (n=2), partial pharyngectomy (n=1), or pedicle flap (n=2) between January 2012 and October 2017. Patients who had a history of preoperative radiotherapy, chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy, previous surgery for larynx or pharynx and who had severe complications were excluded. Early oral feeding started between 48 h and 72 h postoperatively, while delayed oral feeding started within postoperative day 8-10. The incidences of PCF in two groups were compared to evaluate whether PCF and early oral feeding was related. Multi-variables analysis was conducted to evaluate risk factors for PCF. Results: PCF rate was 19.2% among all patients, 11.1% in patients with early oral feeding and 23.5% in patients with delayed oral feeding. No significant statistically difference in PCF rate was found between two groups (χ(2)=0.506, P=0.477). Multi-variables analysis showed that oral feeding time (early or delayed) was not a independent risk factor of PCF (Two classification response variable Logistic regression, P=0.200, OR=0.242, 95%CI[0.028-2.118]). But low preoperative albumin level was observed as an independent risk factor for PCF (P=0.039, OR=0.848, 95% CI [0.726-0.992]). A negative correlation was observed between preoperative albumin level and PCF. And also there was not a significant difference in hospital duration between patients with early oral feeding and delayed oral feeding(U=268, P=0.464). Conclusion: For patients total laryngectomy with no previous history of radiotherapy, chemotherapy, chemoradiotherapy, early oral feeding after surgery is safe and effective.


Assuntos
Fístula Cutânea/epidemiologia , Ingestão de Alimentos , Fístula/epidemiologia , Laringectomia/efeitos adversos , Doenças Faríngeas/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Quimiorradioterapia , Fístula Cutânea/etiologia , Fístula/etiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Neoplasias Laríngeas , Laringectomia/reabilitação , Laringe/cirurgia , Doenças Faríngeas/etiologia , Faringectomia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Pesquisa , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Retalhos Cirúrgicos
6.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 39(3): 207-210, 2017 Mar 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28316221

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the value of jugulo-omohyoid lymph nodes (JOHLN) in predicting occult lateral cervical lymph node metastasis in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Methods: The clinicopathological data of 136 out of 2 100 PTC patients, who had a high risk of lateral neck lymph node metastasis and treated by us from January 2010 to December 2015, were retrospectively analyzed. Super selective neck dissection (SSND, level Ⅲ and Ⅳ)was performed and JOHLNs were sent for frozen section in all the 136 cases. The clinicopathological data was analyzed and the significance of JOHLN in predicting lateral cervical LNM was calculated using the SPSS software package. Results: Of the 136 patients, total thyroidectomy was performed in 76 cases (55.9%) and unilateral lobectomy plus isthmus was performed in the other 60 cases (44.1%). SSND was performed in 72 patients (52.9%), level Ⅱ-Ⅳ dissection in 15 (11.0%), and level Ⅱ-Ⅴ dissection in 49 (36.0%). According to the pathological results, 38 patients were pN0(27.9%), 18 (13.2%) were pN1a and 80 (58.8%) were pN1b. The lymph node metastasis(LNM) rates at level Ⅱ-Ⅵ were 19.9%, 43.4%, 42.6%, 2.9%, and 59.6%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of JOHLN in predicting lateral neck metastasis were 58.8%, 62.9%, and 76.7%, respectively. The rates for predicting level Ⅱ metastasis were 81.5%, 43.2%, and 59.4%, respectively. None of the patients died in the follow-up. Only 1 recurrence was found in level Ⅱ and regional control was achieved after level Ⅱ and Ⅴ dissection. Conclusions: JOHLN has a high accuracy for predicting lateral cervical lymph node metastasis and high sensitivity for level Ⅱ metastasis. For patients with high risk of lateral cervival metastasis, super-selective neck dissection including level Ⅲ and Ⅳ can confirm the stage and reduce the risk of reoperation. Dissection for level Ⅱ, Ⅲ, and Ⅳ is recommended.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Papilar/secundário , Linfonodos/patologia , Esvaziamento Cervical/métodos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Feminino , Secções Congeladas , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pescoço , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tireoidectomia
7.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 51(10): 740-745, 2016 Oct 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27765102

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical results of gastric pull-up reconstruction following total pharyngoesophagectomy. Methods: A total of 90 patients with hypopharyngeal or cervical esophageal cancinoma who underwent gatric pull-up reconstruction after pharyngoesophagectomy between June 2006 and June 2015 were reviewed retrospectively. Clinical data were analyzed. Rates of survival, recurrence and complicates were calculated with SPSS software. Results: Of 90 patients, 8 patients had hypopharyngeal cancinoma invading cervical esophagus, 51 patients had cervical esophageal carcinoma, and 31 patients had hypophageal and esophageal multiple parimary carcinomas. Forty patients were treated with surgery alone, 29 patients with planned surgery, and 21 patients with salvage surgery. After follow up of 6-104 months with a median of 22 months, 54 patients died and the total 3-year survival rate was 36.3%. Seventeen patients developed local recurrences and 10 patients cervical or mediastinal lymph node metastasis (LNM). The 3-year survival rates of patients with and without recurrence or LNM were respectively 5.9%, and 45.7% (χ2=11.564, P=0.001). Twenty-three patients developed distant metastasis. The 3-year survival rate of patients with and without distant metastasis were respectively 22.9% and 41.8% (χ2=4.534, P=0.033). Multivariate analysis showed local recurrence and distant metastasis as predictors for poor survival. The rates of perioperative mortality and anastomotic fistula were 3.3% (3/90) and 13.3%(12/90), respectively. Conclusions: Gastric pull-up reconstruction is a relatively safe and effective method for esophageal reconstruction after removal of hypopharyngeal or cervical esophageal carcinoma. Some patients could achieve good survival with low mortality and acceptable morbidity after multidisciplinary treatments.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Esôfago/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas/cirurgia , Hipofaringe/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Estômago/cirurgia , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/mortalidade , Esofagectomia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas/mortalidade , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Faringectomia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terapia de Salvação , Taxa de Sobrevida
8.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27095720

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the clinical features and treatment strategies of papillary thyroid carcinoma(PTC) coexistent with lymphocytic thyroiditis (LT). METHODS: A total of 292 patients including 25 males and 267 females with LT and thyroid nodules treated in the department of head and neck surgery between Sep 2011 and Sep 2014 was analysed retrospectively and divided into two groups according to pathological results, of them 262 patients, with a median age of 47 years old, were LT with PTC and 30 patients, with a median age of 54 years old, were LT with benign nodules. Among 262 patients having LT with PTC, 259 were diagnosed as having malignant or suspicious malignant nodules and 3 having benign nodules with ultrasound before surgery, 98 cases were considered multifocal malignant nodules by preoperative ultrasound, and 112 cases were positive in cervical lymph nodes, including bilateral positive in 37 cases. Of 30 patients having LT with benign nodules, 14 were diagnosed malignant or suspicious malignant nodules and 16 benign nodules. RESULTS: The mean age in 262 patients with PTC was less significantly than that in 30 patients with benign nodules (P<0.05). Ultrasound showed a high proportion of calcification and microcalcification in patients with PTC (34%) compared to patients with benign nodules(13%)(P<0.05). There were not significant differences in the mean levels of serum thyroid stimulating hormone(TSH) (2.80 vs 2.99 mU/L, P=0.233), thyroglobulin(TG) (27.14 vs 18.60 µg/L, P=0.747), and anti-thyroglobulin antibodies(ATG)(417.3 vs 378.7 U/ml, P=0.834) between patients with PTC and those with benign nodules. In patients with PTC, multifocal tumor accounted for 42%. The central and lateral lymph node metastasis rates were respectively 50% and 24%, and the occult metastasis rate of lateral neck lymph node was 16%. Univariate analysis showed that age less than 45 years old, multifocal tumor, tumor diameter more than or equal to 2cm and extrathyroidal extension were associated with central lymph node metastasis (P<0.05), but not with lateral neck metastasis. Multivariate analysis showed a closed correlation only between the lymph node metastases in central and lateral neck levels (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Calcification and microcalcification have the same importance in the ultrasonic diagnosis for PTC in patients with LT. Total thyroidectomy and prophylactic central lymph node should be a choice for LT with PTC. Lymph node metastasis in level Ⅵ indicates the possibility of lateral cervical lymph node metastasis in the patients having LT with PTC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Tireoidite Autoimune , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Calcinose/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma/sangue , Carcinoma/complicações , Carcinoma/patologia , Carcinoma Papilar , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Pescoço , Esvaziamento Cervical , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tireoglobulina/imunologia , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/sangue , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/complicações , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/sangue , Tireoidectomia , Tireoidite Autoimune/sangue , Tireoidite Autoimune/complicações , Ultrassonografia
9.
Genet Mol Res ; 13(4): 9675-86, 2014 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25501179

RESUMO

The kelp grouper Epinephelus bruneus (Perciformes: Haemulidae), is one of the most economically important fishery resources in Korea. This fish is regarded as a target for prospective aquaculture diversification; therefore, maintenance of stock quality is important. To investigate the effects of current artificial reproduction in a hatchery facility, genetic variation in wild-caught broodstock and hatchery-produced offspring of kelp grouper was analyzed using eight polymorphic nuclear microsatellite DNA loci; 77 alleles were identified. Allelic variability ranged from 2 to 22 in the broodstock and from 1 to 10 in the offspring. The average observed and expected heterozygosities were 0.620 and 0.623 in the broodstock and 0.600 and 0.513 in the offspring, respectively. The possibility of a recent genetic bottleneck was suggested in both populations of E. bruneus. The minor, but significant, genetic differentiation (FST = 0.047, P < 0.05) observed was mainly due to statistically significant reductions in the number of alleles in the offspring compared with the broodstock, suggesting that these genetic changes could be related to genetic drift. Our results demonstrate the usefulness of microsatellite markers to monitor genetic variation and raise concerns about potential harmful genetic effects of inappropriate hatchery procedures. Therefore, genetic variation between broodstock and offspring in a hatchery should be monitored in both breeding and release programs as a routine hatchery operation, and inbreeding should ideally be controlled to improve kelp grouper hatchery management. Our data provide a useful genetic basis for future planning of sustainable culture and management of E. bruneus in fisheries.


Assuntos
Animais Selvagens/genética , Variação Genética , Repetições de Microssatélites , Perciformes/genética , Alelos , Animais , Cruzamento , Feminino , Pesqueiros , Frequência do Gene , Deriva Genética , Loci Gênicos , Heterozigoto , Kelp , Masculino , República da Coreia
10.
Genet Mol Res ; 13(4): 8901-12, 2014 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25366781

RESUMO

Short barbeled grunter, Hapalogenys nitens, is an economically important fishery resource. In Korea, this fish is in the early stage of domestication, and it has been regarded as the candidate marine fish species for prospective aquaculture diversification. This study presents a preliminary investigation of the future viability of sustainable fry production from short barbeled grunter. We used 12 polymorphic nuclear microsatellite DNA loci to analyze the possible genetic variability between the wild and hatchery-produced populations of short barbeled grunter from Korea and identified 91 alleles. Compared to the wild population, significant genetic changes including reduced genetic diversity (average allele number: 7.42 vs 3.75; average expected heterozygosity: 0.713 vs 0.598, Wilcoxon signed-rank test; P < 0.05) and differentiation [overall fixation index (FST) = 0.088, P < 0.01] occurred in the hatchery-produced population, as indicated by the observation of allele richness, unique allele, heterozygosity, FST, and results of molecular analysis of variance. These findings indicate that genetic drift may have promoted the differentiation between these 2 populations, which may have negative effects on sustainable fry production. Therefore, genetic variations of the wild and hatchery-produced populations should be monitored and subjected to control inbreeding through a commercial breeding program. The information presented by this paper would provide a useful genetic basis for future sustainable culturing planning and management of H. nitens.


Assuntos
Peixes/genética , Variação Genética , Repetições de Microssatélites/genética , Alelos , Animais , Aquicultura/métodos , Frequência do Gene , Deriva Genética , Genética Populacional/métodos , Genótipo , Biologia Marinha/métodos , Polimorfismo Genético , República da Coreia
11.
Genet Mol Res ; 13(4): 8147-52, 2014 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25299199

RESUMO

Korean rose bitterling (Rhodeus uyekii) is a freshwater fish endemic to Korea. Natural populations of this species have experienced severe declines as a result of habitat fragmentation and water pollution. To conserve and restore R. uyekii, the genetic diversity of this species needs to be assessed at the population level. Eighteen novel polymorphic microsatellite loci for R. uyekii were developed using an enriched partial genomic library. Polymorphisms at these loci were studied in 150 individuals collected from three populations. The number of alleles at each locus ranged from 3 to 47 (mean = 17.1). Within the populations, the observed heterozygosity ranged from 0.032 to 1.000, expected heterozygosity from 0.082 to 0.967, and polymorphism information content from 0.078 to 0.950. Six loci showed significant deviation from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium after Bonferroni's correction, and no significant linkage disequilibrium was detected between most locus pairs, except in three cases. These highly informative microsatellite markers should be useful for genetic population structure analyses of R. uyekii.


Assuntos
Peixes/genética , Biblioteca Genômica , Repetições de Microssatélites , Alelos , Animais , Genótipo , Polimorfismo Genético
12.
Genet Mol Res ; 13(4): 8163-73, 2014 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25299201

RESUMO

Manila clam (Ruditapes philippinarum) is a valuable and intensively exploited shellfish species in Korea. Despite its importance, information on its genetic background is scarce. For the genetic characterization of R. philippinarum, expressed sequence tag-derived microsatellite markers were developed using next-generation sequencing. A total of 5879 tandem repeats containing di- to hexanucleotide repeat motifs were obtained from 236,746 reads (mean = 413 bp). Of the 62 loci screened, 24 (38.7%) were successfully amplified, and 10 were polymorphic in 144 individuals from 2 manila clam populations (Incheon and Geoje, Korea). The number of alleles ranged from 2 to 17 in the Incheon population and from 3 to 13 in the Geoje population (overall AR = 7.21). The mean observed and expected heterozygosities were estimated to be 0.402 and 0.555, respectively. Hence, there is less genetic variability in the Geoje population than in the Incheon population, although no significant reductions of genetic diversity were found between the populations (P > 0.05). However, significant genetic differentiation was detected between the populations (FST = 0.064, P < 0.001). Significant deviations from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and high inbreeding coefficients (mean FIS = 0.22-0.26) were detected in both populations. The 10 novel polymorphic microsatellite loci used in this study will be useful for future genetic mapping studies and for characterizing population structures, monitoring genetic diversity for successful aquaculture management, and developing conservation strategies for manila clam populations in Korea.


Assuntos
Bivalves/genética , Genética Populacional , Repetições de Microssatélites , Polimorfismo Genético , Animais , Biologia Computacional , Etiquetas de Sequências Expressas , Análise de Sequência de DNA
13.
Genet Mol Res ; 13(3): 6701-15, 2014 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25177950

RESUMO

The spotted sea bass, Lateolabrax maculatus, is an important commercial and recreational fishery resource in Korea. Aquacultural production of this species has increased because of recent resource declines, growing consumption, and ongoing government-operated stock release programs. Therefore, the genetic characterization of hatchery populations is necessary to maintain the genetic diversity of this species and to develop more effective aquaculture practices. In this study, the genetic diversity and structure of three cultured populations in Korea were assessed using multiplex assays with 12 highly polymorphic microsatellite loci; 144 alleles were identified. The number of alleles per locus ranged from 6 to 28, with an average of 13.1. The mean observed and expected heterozygosities were 0.724 and 0.753, respectively. Low levels of inbreeding were detected according to the inbreeding coefficient (mean FIS = 0.003-0.073). All hatchery populations were significantly differentiated from each other (overall fixation index (FST) = 0.027, P < 0.01), and no population formed a separate cluster. Pairwise multilocus FST tests, estimates of genetic distance, mantel test, and principal component analyses did not show a consistent relationship between geographic and genetic distances. These results could reflect the exchange of breeds and eggs between hatcheries and/or genetic drift due to intensive breeding practices. For optimal resource management, the genetic variation of hatchery stocks should be monitored and inbreeding controlled within the spotted sea bass stocks that are being released every year. This genetic information will be useful for the management of both L. maculatus fisheries and the aquaculture industry.


Assuntos
Bass/genética , Variação Genética , Repetições de Microssatélites/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex/métodos , Alelos , Animais , Aquicultura , Bass/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Feminino , Pesqueiros/métodos , Frequência do Gene , Genética Populacional , Genótipo , Geografia , Endogamia , Masculino , Polimorfismo Genético , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
14.
Genet Mol Res ; 12(4): 6309-18, 2013 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24338426

RESUMO

Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) with universal rice primers (URP) was used to identify species and to determine phylogenetic relationships for the 6 economically important Korean Pacific abalone species: Haliotis discus hannai, H. discus discus, H. madaka, H. gigantea, H. diversicolor supertexta, and H. diversicolor diversicolor, whose morphological differentiation is difficult. Of the 12 URPs used in this study, 7 were effective in producing reproducible RAPD markers for these 6 species. Amplifications with the 7 URP primers yielded 129 reproducible amplified fragments ranging between 100 and 6000 bp in length. The dendrogram generated by the unweighted pair-group method using arithmetic averages showed that the 6 species were divided into 4 groups at 0.44 similarity level, indicating that they were genetically distant from each other and had little internal phylogenetic resolution. One group included H. discus hannai, H. discus discus, H. madaka, and H. gigantea, which were divided into 2 groups at 0.52 similarity level: one group of H. discus hannai, H. discus discus, and H. madaka, and the other of H. gigantea. H. diversicolor supertexta and H. diversicolor diversicolor belonged to the other group. Furthermore, the reproducible pattern of amplified DNA bands by URP primers indicated the possibility of using these as molecular markers for the discrimination of the 6 Pacific abalone species. These results suggest that the URP-PCR approach will be a useful tool for obtaining accurate taxonomic identification and genetic relationship of Korean Pacific abalones, which is one of the first prerequisites in effective conservation programs.


Assuntos
Gastrópodes/genética , Oryza/genética , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Primers do DNA/genética , Marcadores Genéticos , Variação Genética , Tipagem Molecular , Filogenia , Técnica de Amplificação ao Acaso de DNA Polimórfico , Homologia de Sequência do Ácido Nucleico , Especificidade da Espécie
15.
Genet Mol Res ; 12(4): 6319-30, 2013 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24338427

RESUMO

Korean starry flounder, Platichthys stellatus (Pleuronectidae), is one of the most economically important fishery resources in Korea. We investigated the effect of current artificial reproduction in a hatchery facility, genetic divergence between the broodstock and their offspring populations of starry flounder in a hatchery strain to be stocked into natural sea areas was accessed using 9 polymorphic nuclear microsatellite DNA loci. High levels of polymorphism were observed between the 2 populations. A total of 96 alleles were detected at the loci, with some alleles being unique in the broodstock. Allelic variability ranged from 8 to 17 in the broodstock and from 7 to 12 in the offspring population. Average observed and expected heterozygosities were estimated at 0.565 and 0.741 in the broodstock samples and 0.629 and 0.698 in the offspring population, respectively. Although no statistically significant reductions were found in heterozygosity or allelic diversity in the offspring population, a considerable loss of rare alleles was observed in the offspring population compared with that in the broodstock. Significant genetic difference was detected between the broodstock and offspring populations (FST = 0.021, P < 0.05). These results suggest that more intensive breeding practices for stock enhancement might have resulted in a further decrease of genetic diversity. Thus, genetic variations of broodstock and progeny should ideally be monitored in both breeding and release programs as a routine hatchery operation in order to improve the starry flounder hatchery management. This information might be useful for fishery management and aquaculture industry of P. stellatus.


Assuntos
Linguado/genética , Repetições de Microssatélites , Polimorfismo Genético , Animais , Cruzamento , Pesqueiros , Frequência do Gene , Loci Gênicos , Genética Populacional , República da Coreia
16.
Genet Mol Res ; 12(4): 6331-43, 2013 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24338428

RESUMO

The tongue sole, Cynoglossus semilaevis (Cynoglossidae), is one of the most economically important fishery resources in Korea. This study presents a preliminary investigation of the future viability of the complete aquaculture of tongue sole in Korea. Specifically, possible differences in genetic variability between wild populations of tongue sole from Korea and hatchery-produced populations of tongue sole from China were assessed using multiplex assays with 12 polymorphic nuclear microsatellite DNA loci. High levels of polymorphism were observed between the 2 populations. A total of 135 different alleles were found, varying from 5-15 alleles per locus, with some alleles being unique. These findings indicate a high level of genetic variability in both the wild and hatchery-produced populations. Although a considerable loss of rare alleles was observed in hatchery samples, there were no statistically significant reductions of heterozygosity or allelic diversity in the hatchery population compared to the wild population. Moreover, the inbreeding coefficient was very low (FIS = -0.010-0.052) for both populations. However, significant genetic heterogeneity was found between the 2 populations. These findings indicate that genetic drift has likely promoted differentiation between these 2 populations, and might have negative effects on the reproductive capacity of the stock, because genetic factors are important in the production of high quality seed for complete aquaculture. Therefore, aquaculture management should incorporate basic genetic principles into existing molecular monitoring protocols. The information compiled by this study is anticipated to provide a useful genetic basis for future complete culturing plans and management of C. semilaevis in fisheries.


Assuntos
Linguados/genética , Repetições de Microssatélites , Polimorfismo Genético , Alelos , Animais , Pesqueiros , Frequência do Gene , Loci Gênicos , Genética Populacional , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex , República da Coreia
17.
Genet Mol Res ; 12(4): 5494-505, 2013 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24301920

RESUMO

Korean (hard-shelled) mussels (Mytilus coruscus) are an economically important endemic marine bivalve mollusk of Korea; yet, the population has rapidly declined because of overharvesting and habitat competition from the invasive Mytilus galloprovincialis species. The population structures of M. coruscus and M. galloprovincialis were analyzed by next-generation sequencing using 5 microsatellite markers specifically developed for M. coruscus. M. galloprovincialis had an average of 5.4 alleles per locus (range = 2-10), with an average allelic richness of 4.9 per locus (range = 2.0-9.3). M. coruscus had an average of 5.7 alleles per locus (range = 2-13), with an average allelic richness of 5.2 per locus (range = 2.0-11.9). Excessive homozygosity was observed at 3 loci, which was assumed to be due to the presence of null alleles at these loci. Pairwise multilocus FST estimates showed that the M. coruscus and M. galloprovincialis populations were clearly separated. Six populations of M. galloprovincialis from the western, eastern, and southern coast of Korea formed 2 separate clusters, indicating that more than 2 populations of M. galloprovincialis have been introduced to the Korean Peninsula. Hybrids between M. coruscus and M. galloprovincialis were not identified, probably because of genetic differences or different habitat preferences. Further genetic information is required to perform selective breeding, population management, and restoration of M. coruscus.


Assuntos
Especiação Genética , Repetições de Microssatélites , Mytilus/genética , Animais , Ecossistema , Frequência do Gene , Homozigoto
18.
Genet Mol Res ; 12(2): 1679-90, 2013 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23765974

RESUMO

The threadsail filefish, Stephanolepis cirrhifer (Monacanthidae), is found mainly in the western Pacific. It is intensively caught in Korea and is a highly appreciated seafood delicacy. Consequently, the natural population of this species has drastically decreased, despite introductions from hatcheries. To provide information necessary for its conservation and management, we developed 24 polymorphic microsatellite markers using a combination of a total enriched genomic library and a small-scale 454 pyrosequencing. A total of 90,847 raw reads were obtained, and 75,128 unique sequences were generated, with an average length of 477 bp; 5350 (7.12%) sequences contained a minimum of 5 di- to tetranucleotide repeat motifs. Seventy-four sequences were used for microsatellite primer design. They all amplified successfully; 24 were polymorphic, with 8 containing trinucleotide repeats and 3 containing tetranucleotide repeats. The genetic variations based on 15 primer sets were investigated using 45 wild individuals from the coastal waters of Geomun Island. The number of alleles per locus varied from 4 to 15, with an average of 7.47. The observed and expected heterozygosities ranged from 0.333 to 0.956 and from 0.316 to 0.870, with averages of 0.692 and 0.701, respectively. No linkage disequilibrium was found between any pair of loci, indicating their independence. One locus significantly deviated from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium after Bonferroni's correction; this may be due to the existence of a null allele. Cross-amplification was also tested for all 24 polymorphic loci in another monacanthid species, Thamnaconus modestus; 7 loci were effectively amplified. The high degree of polymorphism that was exhibited by the 15 newly developed microsatellites will be useful for assessing genetic variation and for conservation genetic studies of these 2 monacanthid species.


Assuntos
Peixes/genética , Loci Gênicos/genética , Repetições de Microssatélites/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Água do Mar , Animais , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Nucleotídeos/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
19.
Genet Mol Res ; 12(4): 6389-401, 2013 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24390988

RESUMO

The black rockfish, Sebastes inermis (Sebastidae), is an important commercial fishery resource in Korea. As a preliminary investigation into the effect of artificial reproduction in a hatchery facility, the genetic divergence between parent and offspring populations of black rockfish was accessed using 10 polymorphic nuclear microsatellite DNA loci and a mitochondrial (mt) control gene. All loci that were screened showed marked polymorphisms. mtDNA control region sequences were also highly variable. Of approximately 350 base pairs (bp) sequenced, 52 variable sites, comprising 56 base substitutions, were found among 233 individuals. Offspring populations showed less genetic variability than the parent population in terms of numbers of microsatellite alleles and mtDNA haplotypes, as well as mtDNA haplotype diversity. Statistical analysis of the fixation index (ΦST and F(ST)) and analysis of molecular variance using both DNA markers showed significant genetic differences between the parent and offspring populations. These results suggest that random genetic drift and/or inbreeding events, as well as artificial selection and founder effects, occurred when the offspring strain was reproduced in a hatchery facility despite thousands of males and females from different hatcheries being maintained for artificial reproduction. Therefore, it is necessary to improve current hatchery programs by monitoring genetic variation in both the broodstock and progeny and controlling inbreeding within stocks in commercial breeding facilities to maintain the production of high-quality black rockfish. This information will be useful for determining suitable guidelines for establishing and maintaining cultured stocks and the aquaculture industry of S. inermis.


Assuntos
Variação Genética , Repetições de Microssatélites/genética , Mitocôndrias/genética , Perciformes/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/veterinária , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Feminino , Pesqueiros , Marcadores Genéticos , Genética Populacional , Haplótipos , Polimorfismo Genético , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
20.
Genet Mol Res ; 10(4): 2786-94, 2011 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22058004

RESUMO

An interspecific artificial hybrid was produced between two economically important aquaculture flatfish: olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) and starry flounder (P. stellatus). This hybrid displays the rapid growth characteristic of the former and tolerance to low temperatures and low salinity of the latter, but the genetics of inheritance in this hybrid have not been elucidated. Polymorphic microsatellite markers developed for P. olivaceus and P. stellatus were tested to determine if these markers can be used for analysis of parentage and genetic inheritance. Multiplex PCR using two primer sets that were specific to each species produced PCR products of different sizes; these could be used for the identification of interspecific hybrids. Among the 192 primers derived from olive flounder, 25.5% of the primer sets successfully amplified genomic DNA from starry flounder, and 23% of the 56 primer sets originating from starry flounder amplified DNA from olive flounder. Analysis of genetic inheritance in the hybrid using seven of the 62 microsatellite markers common to both species demonstrated classic Mendelian inheritance of these markers in the hybrid progeny, with the exception of one locus identified as a null allele in the hybrid. These results demonstrate that cross-specific microsatellite markers can be used tools for parentage analysis of hybrid flatfish, for mapping quantitative trait loci, for marker-assisted selective breeding, and for studies of the evolution of fish.


Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica/genética , Cruzamento , Quimera/genética , DNA/genética , Linguado/genética , Repetições de Microssatélites , Animais , Quimera/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Primers do DNA/química , Primers do DNA/genética , Linguado/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Salinidade , Especificidade da Espécie
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