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1.
Talanta ; 236: 122829, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635219

RESUMO

The successful application of covalent organic frameworks (COFs) depends on not only their unique chemical structures but also their morphology, size, and architecture. Spherical COFs (SCOFs) are attracted special attention due to the superiority of spherical materials in many applications. However, the synthesis of uniform large-sized SCOFs remains a challenge. Herein, by carefully optimizing the synthesis of a heteropore COF, we find that solvent type and catalyst concentration play important roles in determining the morphology and size of COFs, and eventually achieve the controllable synthesis of large SCOFs with uniform sizes ranging from 200 µm to 5 mm. The obtained SCOFs keep the dual-pore feature of the heteropore COF and show good stability and high crystallinity. To exhibit the superior application potential of SCOFs, the SCOFs with a size range of 200-300 µm were demonstrated to be promising solid-phase extraction (SPE) fillers. As-prepared SCOFs-packed SPE column could effectively remove ≥99% phytochrome matrix from 6 different vegetable samples in 10 s, accompanied by 72.56-112.37% recoveries of 33 chemical hazards with different physicochemical properties, thus showing greatly promising application prospects in sample pretreatment of nontargeted food safety analysis. By utilizing acid/base-adjusted reversible color change, millimeter-sized SCOFs were developed as an easy-to-operate and reusable naked-eye indicator of acids.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Catálise , Extração em Fase Sólida , Verduras
2.
Talanta ; 236: 122846, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635236

RESUMO

Simultaneous detection of multiple microRNAs (miRNAs) with high sensitivity can give accurate and reliable information for clinical applications. By uniformly anchoring hairpin probes on the surface of DNA nanolantern, a three-dimensional DNA nanostructure contains abundant and adjustable modification sites, highly integrated DNA nanoprobes were designed and developed as catalytic hairpin assembly (CHA)-based signal amplifiers for enzyme-free signal amplification detection of target miRNAs. The nanolantern-based CHA (NLC) amplifiers, which were facilely prepared via a simple "one-pot" annealing method, showed enhanced biostability, improved cell internalization efficiency, accelerated CHA reaction kinetics, and increased signal amplification capability compared to the single-stranded DNA hairpin probes used in traditional CHA reaction. By co-assembling multiple hairpin probes on a DNA nanolantern surface, as-prepared NLC amplifiers were demonstrated to work well for highly sensitive and specific imaging, expression level fluctuation analysis of two miRNAs in living cells, and miRNAs-guided tumor imaging in living mice. The proposed DNA nanolantern-based nanoamplifier strategy might provide a feasible way to promote the cellular and in vivo applications of nucleic acid probes.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , MicroRNAs , Animais , Catálise , DNA/genética , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , Sondas de Ácido Nucleico
3.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 283: 114700, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600076

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In traditional Chinese and Korean medicine, Jowiseungki-tang (JST) is a prescription for diabetes mellitus (DM) treatment. However, little scientific evidence is known of its effect in diabetic condition. AIMS: We assessed the effects of JST on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity with inflammatory condition in mice and to analyze the therapeutic function of JST on network pharmacology as well as targeted metabolomics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: JST administration at 100 mg/kg and 500 mg/kg for a period of 4 weeks in HFD-induced obese mice, body weight gain, energy utility, calorie intake, and levels of glucose, insulin, total cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL-cholesterol as well as interleukin-6 were measured. Measurements of HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) were performed and compared to those of the control group. Moreover, the therapeutic function of JST on obesity was analyzed furtherly based on network pharmacology and targeted metabolomics methods. RESULTS: Administration of JST at 100 mg/kg and 500 mg/kg for a period of 4 weeks in HFD-induced obesity mice significantly decreased the body weight gain, energy utility, calorie intake, and levels of insulin, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triglyceride, and interleukin-6. However, HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) levels showed marked elevation relative to control groups. JST administration strongly inhibited expressions of inducible nitric oxide synthase, inflammatory proteins, and cyclooxygenase-2 in the pancreas, stomach, and liver tissues, and reduced hepatic steatosis and pancreatic hyperplasia. In network pharmacological analysis, the putative functional targets of JST are underlie on modulation of cofactor-, coenzyme-, and fatty acid-bonding, insulin resistance, and inflammatory response, fine-tuned the phosphatase binding and signal pathway activation, such as mitogen activated protein kinases, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases/protein kinase B, protein kinase C, and receptor of glycation end products as well-advanced glycation end products. According to the metabolomics analysis, the contents and energy metabolites, and medium and long chain fatty acids was significantly changed in mice pancreases. CONCLUSIONS: JST is a valuable prescription for treatment of patients with DM in traditional clinics through inhibition of obesity, inflammatory condition and metabolism.

4.
BMJ Open ; 11(11): e048992, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34728444

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Plaque control plays a critical role in the prevention and treatment of periodontitis. Antibacterial mouthwash is one of the most important tools for plaque control. Pudilan, including extracts of Scutellaria baicalensis root, Taraxacum mongolicum, Bunge corydalis herb and Isatis indigotica, was reported playing the role of anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial. However, its effect on dental plaque and periodontal inflammation remains unknown. We aimed to assess the efficacy of Pudilan Keyanning antibacterial mouthwash which contains the active essence of Pudilan and 0.03%-0.06% cetylpyridinium chloride, as well as Pudilan active essence for plaque control and gingival anti-inflammation in patients during periodontal maintenance phase. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: In this double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial, a total of 120 participants during periodontal maintenance phase will be enrolled. After supragingival scaling, they will be randomly assigned into three groups in a 1:1:1 ratio: the Pudilan Keyanning antibacterial mouthwash group, a chlorhexidine acetate mouthwash (0.12%) group or a placebo group with mouthwash containing the same components as the Pudilan Keyanning mouthwash except for Pudilan active ingredients. They will rinse with mouthwash, respectively, two times per day for 6 weeks. Clinical parameters (such as plaque index, bleeding index) and the level of volatile sulfide in the breath will be measured and analysed. The subgingival plaque will be collected and analysed microbiologically. Questionnaire feedback will be analysed. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study protocol (V.4) was reviewed and approved by the Medical Ethical Committee of Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology (Ethics Approval No. PKUSSIRB-201950153b). All participants signed a written consent form. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR2000041253.

5.
Exp Hematol Oncol ; 10(1): 52, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758872

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MET amplification plays an important role in the development of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) either de novo or in resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine-kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) settings. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is the standard method for MET amplification. With more and more discoveries of oncogenic driver genes, next-generation sequencing (NGS) plays a significant role in precision oncology. Meanwhile, the role of NGS in MET amplification remains uncertain. METHODS: Forty patients diagnosed with advanced NSCLC were included. FISH and NGS were conducted prior to MET inhibitors treatment. MET amplification by FISH was defined as a MET/CEP7 ratio of > 2.0 and/or copy number (CN) > 5. MET amplification by NGS was defined as gene copy number (GCN) ≥ 5. RESULTS: The concordance rate among FISH and NGS was 62.5% (25/40). MET amplification identified by FISH showed the optimal predictive value. The partial response (PR) rate was 68.0% (17/25 with MET amplification) vs. 6.7% (1/15 without MET amplification); the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 5.4 months versus 1.0 months (P < 0.001). MET amplification identified by NGS failed to distinguish significant clinical outcomes. The PR rate was 60.0% (6/10, with MET GCN ≥ 5) vs. 40.0% (12/30, with MET GCN < 5); the median PFS was 4.8 months vs. 2.2 months (P = 0.357). The PR rate was 68.8% (11/16) and the median PFS was 4.8 months in patients with focal amplification by NGS. CONCLUSIONS: MET amplification identified by FISH remains the optimal biomarker to identify suitable candidates for MET-TKI therapy. In comparison, amplification identified by NGS seems not as robust to be effective predictive biomarker. Further exploration is needed regarding the focal amplification by NGS in predicting the efficacy.

6.
Front Nutr ; 8: 669325, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733872

RESUMO

Intermittent fasting (IF) has gained attention as a promising diet for weight loss and dysmetabolic diseases management. This systematic review aimed to investigate the effects of IF on cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRFs). A systematic literature search was carried out using three electronic databases, namely PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library, until October 2020. Randomized controlled trials that compared the IF intervention with a control group diet were included. Fourteen effect sizes were expressed as weighted mean difference (WMD) using a fixed-effects model and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Compared to the ones within control groups, participants exposed to the IF intervention reduced their body weight (WMD, -1.78 kg; 95% CI, -2.21 to -1.35; p <0.05), waist circumference (WMD, -1.19 cm; 95% CI, -1.8 to -0.57; p <0.05), fat mass (WMD, -1.26 kg; 95% CI, -1.57 to -0.95; p <0.05), body mass index (WMD, -0.58 kg/m2; 95% CI, -0.8 to -0.37; p <0.05), systolic blood pressure (WMD, -2.14 mmHg; 95% CI: -3.54 to -0.73; p <0.05), diastolic blood pressure (WMD: -1.38 mmHg, 95% CI, -2.35 to -0.41, p <0.05), fasting blood glucose (WMD: -0.053 mmol/L; 95% CI: -0.105 to 0.001; p <0.05), fasting insulin (WMD, -0.8 mIU/L; 95% CI, -1.15 to -0.44; p <0.05), insulin resistance (WMD, -0.21; 95% CI, -0.36 to -0.05; p <0.05), total cholesterol (WMD, -0.10 mmol/L; 95% CI, -0.17 to -0.02; p <0.05), and triglycerides (WMD, -0.09 mmol/L; 95% CI, -0.13 to -0.04; p <0.05). No effects were observed for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, or glycosylated hemoglobin. This meta-analysis supports the role of IF in improving the component composition of CMRFs, including weight, waist circumference, fat mass, BMI, blood pressure, total cholesterol, triglycerides, fasting insulin, and insulin resistance, compared to a control group diet. Further research on IF interventions should take into account long-term and well-designed administration to draw definitive conclusions.

7.
J Immunol Res ; 2021: 9577695, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34734092

RESUMO

Periodontitis involves chronic inflammation of the tissues around the teeth caused by plaque and the corresponding immune response. Growth arrest-specific protein 6 (GAS6) and AXL receptor tyrosine kinase (AXL) are known to be involved in inflammatory diseases, while signal transducer and activator of transcription-1 (STAT1) and suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) are related to inflammatory processes. Moreover, miRNA34a directly targets AXL to regulate the AXL expression. However, the specific roles of GAS6 and AXL in periodontitis remain unclear. This study was designed to explore the effect and mechanism of AXL on the expression of inflammatory cytokines induced by Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (P. gingivalis LPS) in human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs). The effects of different concentrations of P. gingivalis LPS on the expression of GAS6/AXL in hPDLCs were observed. Additionally, the effect of LPS on AXL was investigated by transfection of the miRNA34a inhibitor. AXL was knocked down or overexpressed to observe the release of inflammatory cytokines interleukin- (IL-) 8 and IL-6. The results showed that the expression levels of GAS6 and AXL decreased after P. gingivalis LPS infection. Transfection of a miR-34a inhibitor to hPDLCs demonstrated a role of miR-34a in the downregulation of AXL expression induced by LPS. Moreover, AXL knockdown or overexpression influencing the expression of IL-8 and IL-6 was investigated under LPS stimulation. AXL knockdown decreased the expression of STAT1 and SOCS1/3. Overall, these results demonstrate that AXL inhibits the expression of LPS-induced inflammatory cytokines in hPDLCs and that STAT1 and SOCS1/3 are involved in the regulation of inflammation by GAS6/AXL.

8.
Int J Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-9, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779701

RESUMO

We examined the association of coffee drinking with all-cause and cause-specific mortality in a pooled analysis of two Korean prospective cohort studies: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study. We included 192,222 participants, and a total of 6057 deaths were documented. Cox proportional hazards model was used to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs), and the HRs were combined using a random-effects model. Coffee drinking was associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality [HR (95% CI) = 0.84 (0.77-0.92), for ≥3 cups/day of coffee drinking versus non-drinkers; p for trend = 0.004]. We observed the potential benefit of coffee drinking for mortality due to cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, and diabetes, but not for cancer mortality. Overall, we found that moderate coffee drinking was associated with a lower risk of death in population-based cohort analysis of Korean adults.

9.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 1587922, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34745412

RESUMO

Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) is a pathological process that occurs in many organs and diseases. Reperfusion, recovery of blood flow, and reoxygenation often lead to reperfusion injury. Drug therapy and early reperfusion therapy can reduce tissue injury and cell necrosis caused by ischemia, leading to irreversible I/R injury. Ferroptosis was clearly defined in 2012 as a newly discovered iron-dependent, peroxide-driven, nonapoptotic form of regulated cell death. Ferroptosis is considered the cause of reperfusion injury. This discovery provides new avenues for the recognition and treatment of diseases. Ferroptosis is a key factor that leads to I/R injury and organ failure. Given the important role of ferroptosis in I/R injury, there is considerable interest in the potential role of ferroptosis as a targeted treatment for a wide range of I/R injury-related diseases. Recently, substantial progress has been made in applying ferroptosis to I/R injury in various organs and diseases. The development of ferroptosis regulators is expected to provide new opportunities for the treatment of I/R injury. Herein, we analytically review the pathological mechanism and targeted treatment of ferroptosis in I/R and related diseases from the perspectives of myocardial I/R injury, cerebral I/R injury, and ischemic renal injury.

10.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1185: 338882, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34711321

RESUMO

CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats)/Cas (CRISPR-associated) proteins are powerful gene-editing tools because of their ability to accurately recognize and manipulate nucleic acids. Besides gene-editing function, they also show great promise in biosensing applications due to the superiority of easy design and precise targeting. To improve the performance of CRISPR/Cas-based biosensing systems, various nucleic acid-based signal amplification techniques are elaborately incorporated. The incorporation of these amplification techniques not only greatly increases the detection sensitivity and specificity, but also extends the detectable target range, as well as makes the use of various signal output modes possible. Therefore, summarizing the use of signal amplification techniques in sensing systems and elucidating their roles in improving sensing performance are very necessary for the development of more superior CRISPR/Cas-based biosensors for various applications. In this review, CRISPR/Cas-based biosensors are summarized from two aspects: the incorporation of signal amplification techniques in three kinds of CRISPR/Cas-based biosensing systems (Cas9, Cas12 and Cas13-based ones) and the signal output modes used by these biosensors. The challenges and prospects for the future development of CRISPR/Cas-based biosensors are also discussed.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Ácidos Nucleicos , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Edição de Genes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
11.
AoB Plants ; 13(4): plab030, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34646433

RESUMO

Biomass allocation affects the ability of plants to acquire resources and nutrients; a limited allocation of nutrients, such as nitrogen and phosphorus, affects ecological processes. However, little research has been conducted on how plant allocation patterns change and on the trade-offs involved in allocation strategies when microhabitat gradients exist. We selected a 3.6 km transect in the Ebinur Lake Wetland Natural Reserve of Xinjiang, China, to investigate the relationships between plant traits (biomass and N and P concentrations) of herbaceous plants and environmental factors (soil moisture, salinity and nutrient content), and to determine the allometric scaling of biomass and stoichiometric traits between the above- and below-ground plant parts. The results show that the biomass and stoichiometric traits of plants reflected both the change of micro-environment and the natural characteristics of plants. With a decrease of the soil water availability and salinity, above- and below-ground N and P concentrations decrease gradually; scaling relationships exist between above- and below-ground plant parts, for biomass and N and P concentrations. Biomass allocation is influenced by soil nutrient ratios, and the allocation strategy tended to be conserved for N and variable for P. Second, the scaling relationships also show interspecific differences; all scaling exponents of Suaeda prostrata are larger than for other species and indicate a 'tolerance' strategy, while other species tend to increase the below-ground biomass and N and P concentrations, i.e. a 'capture' strategy.

13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(17): 4581-4584, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581065

RESUMO

Clinical trail report is a summary of the process and results of clinical trail, an important basis to support the effectiveness and safety evaluation of drug marketing and an important technical data required for drug registration. Safety analysis is the main part and the most common issue of clinical trial report. In this article, it is summarized and analyzed the common problems found in the safety analysis part of the clinical trial report of new drugs of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) in combination with the clinical professional evaluation of the application for marketing license of innovative TCM. The common problems in writing the safety aspects of clinical trail reports were summarized and analyzed, including the omissions of adverse events and laboratory test results, the failure to provide a detailed list of laboratory test outliers, the lack of professional depth in the analysis of the causal relationship between adverse events and TCM. In view of the common problems, it is suggested that the drug use degree, adverse events and adverse reactions, as well as laboratory examination should be considered. Check the three dimensions for necessary medical analysis, collation and summary and continuously improve the quality of safety analysis in clinical trial reports.


Assuntos
Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34527058

RESUMO

Objective: This study systematically evaluated the effects of Tai Chi exercise on blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), and quality of life (QOL) in patients with hypertension. A meta-analysis was performed to provide a reliable reference for clinical practice. Methods: We searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in five English databases and two Chinese databases, with the earliest data dated December 5, 2020. A quality assessment of the methods and a meta-analysis were also conducted. Results: The meta-analysis of 24 studies showed that the intervention group showed better outcomes in terms of systolic blood pressure (SBP) (SMD -1.05, 95% CI -1.44 to -0.67, P ≤ 0.001; I 2 = 93.7%), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (SMD -0.91, 95% CI -1.24 to -0.58, P ≤ 0.001; I 2 = 91.9%), and QOL (physical functioning (SMD 0.86, 95% CI 0.36 to 1.37, P=0.001; I 2 = 91.3%), role-physical (SMD 0.86, 95% CI 0.61 to 1.11, P ≤ 0.001; I 2 = 65%), general health (SMD 0.75, 95% CI 0.32 to 1.17, P=0.001; I 2 = 88.1%), bodily pain (SMD 0.65, 95% CI 0.29 to 1.00, P ≤ 0.001; I 2 = 83.1%), vitality (SMD 0.71, 95% CI 0.34 to 1.07, P ≤ 0.001; I 2 = 84.3%), social functioning (SMD 0.63, 95% CI 0.07 to 1.19, P=0.027; I 2 = 93.1%), role-emotional (SMD 0.64, 95% CI 0.22 to 1.06, P=0.003; I 2 = 88.1%), and mental health (SMD 0.73, 95% CI 0.31 to 1.16, P=0.001; I 2 = 88.2%)) compared to those of the control group. However, no significant improvements were seen in BMI of the intervention group (SMD -0.08, 95% CI -0.35 to -0.19, P=0.554; I 2 = 69.4%) compared to that of the control group. Conclusion: Tai Chi is an effective intervention to improve SBP and DBP in patients with essential hypertension.

15.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 17607, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475506

RESUMO

Thermal management in devices directly affects their performance, but it is difficult to apply conventional cooling methods such as the use of cooling liquids or fans to micro devices owing to the small size of micro devices. In this study, we attempted to solve this problem by employing a heat sink fabricated using copper with porous structures consisting of single-layer graphene on the surface and graphene oxide inside the pores. The porous copper/single-layer graphene/graphene oxide composite (p-Cu/G/rGO) had a porosity of approximately 35%, and the measured pore size was approximately 10 to 100 µm. The internal GO was reduced at a temperature of 1000 °C. On observing the heat distribution in the structure using a thermal imaging camera, we could observe that the p-Cu/G/rGO was conducting heat faster than the p-Cu, which was consistent with the simulation. Furthermore, the thermal resistance of p-Cu/G/rGO was lower than those of the p-Cu and pure Cu. When the p-Cu/G/rGO was fabricated into a heat sink to mount the light emitting diode (LED) chip, the measured temperature of the LED was 31.04 °C, which was less than the temperature of the pure Cu of 40.8 °C. After a week of being subjected to high power (1000 mA), the light intensity of p-Cu/G/rGO decreased to 95.24%. However, the pure Cu decreased significantly to 66.04%. The results of this study are expected to be applied to micro devices for their effective thermal management.

16.
Oncoimmunology ; 10(1): 1954761, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34367732

RESUMO

We sought to determine the clinicopathological significance of PD-1, LAG3, and TIM3 in gastric cancer (GC) by examining their expression and immune context. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) for PD-1, TIM3, LAG3, and tumor-infiltrating immune cell (TIIC) markers was performed in 385 stage II/III GCs. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and microsatellite stability (MSI) testing were performed for molecular classification. Chromogenic multiplex IHC (mIHC) for PD1, TIM3, LAG3, CD3, CD8, FOXP3, CD68, and cytokeratin was performed in 58 of the total samples. PD-1, LAG3, and TIM3 expression in TIICs was observed in 91 (23.6%), 193 (50.1%), and 257 (66.8%) GCs by single IHC, respectively. The expression was associated with EBV+ and MSI-H molecular subtypes (p ≤ 0.001). A positive expression of LAG3 in the invasive margin of the tumor was associated with better prognosis in univariate (p = .020) and multivariate (p = .026) survival analyses. The expression of different immune checkpoint receptors (ICRs) was significantly positively correlated. Dual or triple ICR expression was more frequent in high PD-1 and TIM3 density groups than in low-density groups by mIHC (all p ≤ 0.05). ICRs were mainly expressed in CD3+CD8+ and CD3+CD8- T cells. Fifty-eight GCs were classified into three groups by clustering analysis based on mIHC, and the group with the highest ICR expression in TIICs showed significantly better outcomes in progression-free survival (p = .020). In GC, PD-1, LAG3, and TIM3 expression is positively correlated and associated with better prognosis. Our study provides information for the application of effective immune checkpoint inhibitors against GC.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Receptor Celular 2 do Vírus da Hepatite A/metabolismo , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Receptor Celular 2 do Vírus da Hepatite A/genética , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico
17.
J Dig Dis ; 22(9): 536-544, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374198

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The accelerated shedding of extracellular domains of syndecan-4 (SDC4) is associated with central obesity and insulin resistance, while the association between serum SDC4 and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is unknown. We aimed to examine the association between SDC4 and NAFLD. METHODS: Adults undergoing a health examination from 1 June 2019 to 31 December 2019 were enrolled. A diagnosis of NAFLD was made with an abdominal ultrasound. Logistic regression models and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to evaluate the role of SDC4 in predicting NAFLD. RESULTS: In total, 533 eligible participants were finally enrolled, among them 157 (29.46%) had NAFLD. The proportion of patients with NAFLD increased with the increasing quartiles of serum SDC4. With the increase of serum SDC4 levels, metabolic features including waist circumference, serum triglyceride, total cholesterol, fasting blood glucose, fasting insulin and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance were significantly increased. SDC4 was an independent factor for NAFLD (odds ratio 1.963, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.628-2.367, P < 0.001). The area under the ROC curve of SDC4 for predicting NAFLD was 0.934 (95% CI 0.910-0.959). The optimal cut-off value was 6.575 ng/mL at Youden's index of 0.767. SDC4 had the highest diagnostic sensitivity (84.1%), positive predictive value (82.5%), negative predictive value (93.3%) and positive likelihood ratio (11.356) among all the variables. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated serum SDC4 level is associated with metabolic disorders and the prevalence of NAFLD among general population. Serum SDC4 may serve as a biomarker of NAFLD.


Assuntos
Resistência à Insulina , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Sindecana-4 , Adulto , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Sindecana-4/sangue , Circunferência da Cintura
18.
Semin Cancer Biol ; 2021 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375726

RESUMO

Advances in the development of anti-tumour drugs and related technologies have resulted in a significant increase in the number of cancer survivors. However, the incidence of chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity (CIC) has been rising continuously, threatening their long-term survival. The integration of nanotechnology and biomedicine has brought about an unprecedented technological revolution and has promoted the progress of anti-tumour therapy. In this review, we summarised the possible mechanisms of CIC, evaluated the role of nanoparticles (including liposomes, polymeric micelles, dendrimers, and hydrogels) as drug carriers in preventing cardiotoxicity and proposed five advantages of nanotechnology in reducing cardiotoxicity: Liposomes cannot easily penetrate the heart's endothelial barrier; optimized delivery strategies reduce distribution in important organs, such as the heart; targeting the tumour microenvironment and niche; stimulus-responsive polymer nano-drug carriers rapidly iterate; better economic benefits were obtained. Nanoparticles can effectively deliver chemotherapeutic drugs to tumour tissues, while reducing the toxicity to heart tissues, and break through the dilemma of existing chemotherapy to a certain extent. It is important to explore the interactions between the physicochemical properties of nanoparticles and optimize the highly specific tumour targeting strategy in the future.

19.
Anal Chem ; 93(32): 11321-11328, 2021 08 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369157

RESUMO

In-source fragmentation-based high-resolution mass spectrometry (ISF-HRMS) is a potential analytical technique, which is usually used to profile some specific compounds that can generate diagnostic neutral loss (NL) or fragment ion (FI) in ion source inherently. However, the ISF-HRMS method does not work for those compounds that cannot inherently produce diagnostic NL or FI in ion source. In this study, a derivatization-based in-source fragmentation-information-dependent acquisition (DISF-IDA) strategy was proposed for profiling the metabolites with easily labeled functional groups (submetabolomes) by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-Q-TOF MS). As a proof-of-concept study, 36 carboxylated compounds labeled with N,N-dimethylethylenediamine (DMED) were selected as model compounds to examine performance of DISF-IDA strategy in screening the carboxylated metabolites and acquiring their MSn spectra. In ESI source, the DEMD-derived carboxylated compounds were fragmented to produce characteristic neutral losses of 45.0578, 63.0684, and/or 88.1000 Da that were further used as diagnostic features for screening the carboxylated metabolites by DISF-IDA-based LC-Q-TOF MS. Furthermore, high-resolution MSn spectra of the model compounds were also obtained within a single run of DISF-IDA-based LC-Q-TOF MS analysis, which contributed to the improvement of the annotation confidence. To further verify its applicability, DISF-IDA strategy was used for profiling carboxylated submetabolome in mice feces. Using this strategy, a total of 351 carboxylated metabolites were detected from mice feces, of which 178 metabolites (51% of the total) were positively or putatively identified. Moreover, DISF-IDA strategy was also demonstrated to be applicable for profiling other submetabolomes with easily labeled functional groups such as amino, carbonyl, and cis-diol groups. Overall, our proposed DISF-IDA strategy is a promising technique for high-coverage profiling of submetabolomes with easily labeled functional groups in biological samples.


Assuntos
Ácidos Carboxílicos , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Camundongos
20.
Plant Cell Rep ; 40(12): 2325-2340, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392388

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: MdTFL1, a floral repressor, forms protein complexes with several proteins and could compete with MdFT1 to regulate reproductive development in apple. Floral transition is a key developmental stage in the annual growth cycle of perennial fruit trees that directly determines the fruit development in the subsequent stage. FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT)/TERMINAL FLOWER1 (TFL1) family is known to play a vital regulatory role in plant growth and flowering. In apple, the two TFL1-like genes (MdTFL1-1 and MdTFL1-2) function as floral inhibitors; however, their mechanism of action is still largely unclear. This study aimed to functionally validate MdTFL1 and probe into its mechanism of action in apple. MdTFL1-1 and MdTFL1-2 were expressed mainly in stem and apical buds of vegetative shoots, with little expression in flower buds and young fruit. Expression of MdTFL1-1 and MdTFL1-2 rapidly decreased during floral induction. On the other hand, transgenic Arabidopsis, which ectopically expressed MdTFL1-1 or MdTFL1-2, flowered later than wild-type plants; demonstrating their in planta capability to function redundantly as flower repressors. Furthermore, we identified hundreds of novel interaction proteins of the two apple MdTFL1 proteins using yeast two-hybrid screens. Independent experiments for several proteins confirmed the yeast two-hybrid interactions. Among them, the transcription factor Nuclear Factor-Y subunit C (MdNF-YC2) functions as a promoter of flowering in Arabidopsis by activating LEAFY (LFY) and APETALA1 (AP1) expression. MdFT1 showed a similar interaction pattern as MdTFL1, implying a possible antagonistic action in the regulation of flowering. These newly identified TFL1-interacting proteins (TIPs) not only expand the floral regulatory network, but may also introduce new roles for TFL1 in plant development.

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