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Int J Gen Med ; 15: 6475-6483, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35966509


Background: Mature bone marrow T lymphocytes and NK may have a special relevance in the control of the malignant growth. Objective: We aimed to assess the percentage of the residual BM T-cells, (T-helper -T-cytotoxic- NKT) and the NK cells of childhood precursor B-lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) as an indicator of innate and adaptive immunity in these patients. Subjects and Methods: This study was conducted on 40 B-ALL patients, and 40 apparently healthy matched children served as a control group. The flow cytometry was used to assess the percentage of the residual BM T-cells (T-helper, T-cytotoxic and NKT), and the NK cells. Results: Compared with the control group, the percentage of the residual BM T-cells, its subtypes (T-helper, T-cytotoxic), and NKT cells in addition to the NK cells was significantly decreased in Group IA, and Group IB, but there was no significant difference between Group IA and Group IB in all studied parameters. In terms of the CD4/CD8 ratio, there was a significant increase in Group IA as compared to the control group (P < 0.026), but there were no significant statistical differences in CD4/CD8 ratio between Groups IB, and the control. Likewise, in CD4/CD8 ratio between groups IA, and Groups IB (P > 0.05). The percentage of NK, and NKT cells shows a significant increase in Hepatomegaly and Splenomegaly, as compared to non-Hepatomegaly and non-Splenomegaly patients of Groups IB (P < 0.05). However, there was a significant increase in statistical differences in the percentage of NKT cell between non-Splenomegaly, as compared to Splenomegaly patients of Group IA (P < 0.05). Additionally, there is a negative correlation between B.M Blast% to CD4/CD8 ratio and NK%, but there is no significant correlation between B.M Blast% to NK T% in the group 1 A.

Curr Rheumatol Rev ; 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35366780


BACKGROUND: Immune dysregulation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The CD4+CD25 high FoxP3+ subset of regulatory T cells plays an essential role in preventing autoimmunity and maintaining immune homeostasis. Negative regulation of JAK/STAT signaling is controlled by Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling (SOCs3) proteins. SOCs is produced at lower levels in RA. Our aim was to evaluate the expressional dysregulation of SOCs3 and FoxP3 genes in RA patients in relation to disease activity. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We have recruited 90 patients with RA and 60 healthy controls in case control study. Whole blood samples were collected from RA patients and healthy subjects. The measurement of FoxP3 and SOCs3 gene expression was performed by real-time PCR (qPCR). RESULTS: Patients with RA had significant decreased expression levels of FoxP3 and SOCs3 genes in comparison with controls (P<0.001) in addition to the insignificance correlation of both genes with disease activity in RA patients. CONCLUSION: FoxP3 and SOCs3 genes showed a significant defects in rheumatoid arthritis patients with no significant difference in disease activity.

Tissue Barriers ; 10(3): 1994823, 2022 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689723


The purpose of this study was to assess the role of urinary IgG, serum CX3CL1 and miRNA 152-3p levels as predictors of nephropathy in type 2 Egyptian diabetic patients. Sixty type 2 diabetic patients and twenty healthy controls were enrolled in a cross-sectional study. Then they were grouped into: three groups based upon urine albumin excretion (UAE). The expression of miRNA 152-3p in serum was measured using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RTq-PCR). Serum CX3CL1 and urinary IgG concentrations were measured by ELISA. RTq-PCR revealed that serum miRNA-152-3p levels in patients were significantly higher than in controls. There was significant differences between group with normoalbuminuria and groups with diabetic nephropathy DN as regard to age, duration of nephropathy, Albumin/Creatinine ratio (A/C ratio), creatinine, urine IgG, CX3CL1 and HbA1c. In diabetic patients, there was a significant positive correlation between miRNA-152-3p levels and disease duration only as well as significant positive correlations between urinary IgG levels and age, disease duration, serum creatinine, A/C ratio, and urea. Positive correlation between serum fractalkine CX3CL1 level and age, duration of disease, urea, creatinine, A/C ratio, HbA1C and IgG in patient with DN. Serum CX3CL1 level, urinary IgG were significantly increased with the progress of nephropathy so these integrated biomarkers could be used as good predictors for early identification of nephropathy. But miRNA- 152-3p has inadequate prognostic indicator for ESRD progression.

Quimiocina CX3CL1 , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Nefropatias Diabéticas , MicroRNAs , Albuminas , Quimiocina CX3CL1/sangue , Creatinina/urina , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/urina , Nefropatias Diabéticas/genética , Nefropatias Diabéticas/urina , Egito , Hemoglobina A Glicada , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/urina , MicroRNAs/sangue , Ureia
Iran J Microbiol ; 13(6): 848-861, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35222864


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been found to have multiple uses as antibacterial, antifungal and anti-biofilm agents because of their biological activities and safety. The present study was aimed to analyze the antimicrobial and anti-biofilm activities as well as the cytotoxic effect of AgNPs against different human pathogens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: AgNPs were synthesized using cell free supernatants of Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922), Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 19433), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 27856), Enterobacter cloacae (ATCC 13047) and Penicillium oxalicum strain, then were analyzed using UV/Vis Spectral Analysis, Transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Energy Dispersive-X-ray Spectroscopy (EDX) analysis. Antimicrobial activities of biosynthesized AgNPs were assessed with selected antimicrobial agents against multidrug resistant bacteria and candida. Anti-biofilm and cytotoxicity assays of these biosynthesized AgNPs were also done. RESULTS: The synthesis of AgNPs were confirmed through observed color change and monitoring UV-Vis spectrum which showed homogeneous (little agglomeration) distribution of silver nanoparticles. TEM and SEM have shown that the particle size ranged from 13 to 34 (nm) with spherical shape and a high signal with EDX analysis. Antibacterial and antifungal efficacy of antibiotics and fluconazole were increased in combination with biosynthesized AgNPs against resistant bacteria and candida. Significant reduction in biofilm formation was found better with Penicillium oxalicum AgNPs against biofilm forming bacteria. CONCLUSION: Penicillium oxalicum has the best effect towards synthesizing AgNPs, for antimicrobial activities against resistant bacteria and candida, in addition to anti-biofilm activities against biofilm forming Staphylococcus aureus and E. coli and the safest cytotoxicity effect on (MRC-5) cell line.

Psoriasis (Auckl) ; 10: 13-21, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32607312


BACKGROUND: Cell lesion and apoptosis with release of cell-free DNA (CFD) in circulation are associated with chronic inflammation of psoriasis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was ï»¿to determine the CFD concentrations in sera of patients with psoriasis, to assess its relationship with disease severity as defined by Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI) and other inflammatory biomarkers (C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)) levels, and to monitor the efficacy of treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty adult patients with different types of psoriasis (25 vulgaris; 10 mild, 15 moderate and 5 erythroderma; severe) were evaluated during the exacerbation phase of the disease, before starting (T0) and after 12 weeks (T12) of treatment with topical therapy for mild cases, narrowband-ultraviolet light B (NB-UVB) for moderate cases and methotrexate for severe cases. Twenty healthy controls were also involved in the study. The concentrations of CFD in sera were measured before and after treatment by quantitative real time PCR (qPCR) using primers of the human ß-globin gene. RESULTS: At T0, all patients presented significant higher levels of ESR (P=0.05) and CFD (P=0.001) compared with controls. Highly significant elevations of all parameters were observed in severe disease (erythroderma) compared to mild/moderate disease (vulgaris). Methotrexate treatment induced highly significant reductions in all inflammatory markers including CFD (P= 0.042) while topical and UV irradiation therapies had no effects. CFD concentrations showed positive correlations with both PASI (r=0.422, P=0.020) and ESR (r=0.321, P=0.023) only before the start of treatment. CONCLUSION: The level of circulating CFD could be used to monitor psoriasis severity. However, its level cannot be stated for the treatment, except in severe erythrodermic patients upon successful treatment with methotrexate. We recommend validation of a convenient and accurate DNA assay applied directly to biological samples which does not require prior DNA extraction and amplification.