Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 89
Filtrar
1.
Virulence ; 13(1): 1614-1630, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36121102

RESUMO

To investigate the role of adrenergic signalling (AS) in the host immune response and Porphyromonas gingivalis virulence, we compared norepinephrine (NE) and isoproterenol (ISO) responses in Galleria mellonella. P. gingivalis infection was evaluated by survival; humoral immune responses (i.e. melanization and cecropin and gloverin mRNA expression); cellular immune responses (i.e. haemocyte count, nodulation by histology); and P. gingivalis recovery (CFU/mL). P. gingivalis was cultivated in the presence of ISO (PgISO) or NE and injected into the larvae for survival evaluation. Finally, we co-injected ISO and PgISO to evaluate the concomitant effects on the immune response and bacterial virulence. None of the ligands were toxic to the larvae; ISO increased haemocyte number, even after P. gingivalis infection, by mobilizing sessile haemocytes in a ß-adrenergic-specific manner, while NE showed the opposite effect. ISO treatment reduced larval mortality and the number of recovered bacteria, while NE increased mortality and showed no effect on bacterial recovery. ISO and NE had similar effects on melanization and decreased the expression of cecropin. Although co-cultivation with NE and ISO increased the gene expression of bacterial virulence factors in vitro, only the injection of PgISO increased larval death, which was partially reversed by circulating ISO. Therefore, α- and ß-adrenergic signalling had opposite effects after P. gingivalis infection. Ultimately, the catecholamine influence on the immune response overcame the effect of more virulent strains. The effect of AS directly on the pathogen found in vitro did not translate to the in vivo setting.


Assuntos
Cecropinas , Mariposas , Adrenérgicos , Animais , Imunidade Inata , Isoproterenol/farmacologia , Larva/microbiologia , Norepinefrina/farmacologia , Porphyromonas gingivalis , RNA Mensageiro , Virulência , Fatores de Virulência
2.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 201: 115072, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35513043

RESUMO

Periodontitis is a major cause of tooth loss in adults worldwide and is caused by an unbalanced oral microbiota in a susceptible host, ultimately leading to tissue breakdown and bone loss. Traditionally, the treatment for periodontitis is scaling and root planing; however, some cases require adjuvant therapy, such as antibiotics administration or surgery. Various factors are involved in the pathogenesis and interact in an unpredictable way, increasing the complexity of the disease and making it difficult to manage. In this context, the administration of probiotics aimed at resolving bacterial dysbiosis and the associated dysregulation of the immune system has been employed in clinical trials with encouraging results. However, the use of viable microorganisms is not risk-free, and immunocompromised patients may develop adverse effects. Therefore, the use of inactivated microbial cells, cell fractions, or soluble products and metabolites of probiotics, known as postbiotics, has gained increasing attention. In this commentary, we present the current literature assessing the impact of postbiotics on the growth and metabolism of periodontal pathogens, as well as on the progression of periodontitis in rodents and humans. We also discuss the limitations of the available data and what the scientific community should consider in order to transfer this innovative therapeutic modality from the bench to the bedside.


Assuntos
Periodontite , Probióticos , Disbiose , Humanos , Viabilidade Microbiana , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Aplainamento Radicular/métodos
3.
Autops Case Rep ; 12: e2021359, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35252051

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma of the jaw represents less than 1% of all head and neck malignancies. This malignancy in pregnant women occurs in one per 1000 deliveries. We report a case of a 29-year-old woman, in the 33rd week of gestation, who presented with an expansive tumor destroying the maxillary alveolar bone, histologically composed of pleomorphic, round, spindle, or epithelioid cells and osteoid/chondroid matrix. Upon final diagnosis of osteosarcoma, the lesion was excised. To the best of our knowledge, only 10 cases of jaw osteosarcoma in pregnant women have been reported to date in the English language literature. The use of ancillary examinations, malignancy diagnosis, and cancer treatment can be challenging during pregnancy. Knowledge about jaw osteosarcoma in pregnancy can increase healthcare providers' awareness, avoid delays and misdiagnosis and potentially improve maternal and neonatal outcomes.

5.
Head Neck Pathol ; 16(1): 268-277, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34185247

RESUMO

The oral lymphoepithelial cyst (OLC) is an uncommon lesion whose pathogenesis remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to report the clinicopathologic features of the OLCs and to verify a possible association between OLCs and subgemmal neurogenous plaque (SNP) in the posterior lateral region of the tongue. A retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out. A total of 106,282 biopsy records of oral and maxillofacial lesions from six oral pathology services in Brazil were analyzed. All cases of OLCs were reviewed, and clinical and histopathological data were collected. Immunohistochemical reactions for S-100 protein were performed to confirm the diagnosis of SNP. Among all lesions, there were 132 (0.11%) cases of OLCs. The series comprised 83 females (62.9%) and 49 males (37.1%), with a 1.7:1 female-to-male ratio and a mean age of 45.8 ± 17.7 years. Most cases involved the tongue (n = 80; 62.0%) and presented clinically as asymptomatic papules or nodules with a yellow or whitish color. Microscopically, most of the cysts were entirely lined by parakeratinized stratified epithelium (n = 89; 67.4%) and filled with desquamated cells, keratin debris, amorphous eosinophilic material, and inflammatory cells in varying amounts. Connection with the epithelium of oral mucosa was observed in 18 cases (13.6%). SNP was found in 9/80 (11.2%) cases involving the tongue. The clinical and demographic features of OLCs were similar to those described in previous studies. Overall, this lesion has a predilection for the posterior region of the tongue of female adults. Clinicians must include the OLC in the differential diagnosis of yellow/white papules and nodules of the oral cavity.


Assuntos
Cistos , Úlceras Orais , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Proteínas S100
6.
Autops. Case Rep ; 12: e2021359, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360150

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma of the jaw represents less than 1% of all head and neck malignancies. This malignancy in pregnant women occurs in one per 1000 deliveries. We report a case of a 29-year-old woman, in the 33rd week of gestation, who presented with an expansive tumor destroying the maxillary alveolar bone, histologically composed of pleomorphic, round, spindle, or epithelioid cells and osteoid/chondroid matrix. Upon final diagnosis of osteosarcoma, the lesion was excised. To the best of our knowledge, only 10 cases of jaw osteosarcoma in pregnant women have been reported to date in the English language literature. The use of ancillary examinations, malignancy diagnosis, and cancer treatment can be challenging during pregnancy. Knowledge about jaw osteosarcoma in pregnancy can increase healthcare providers' awareness, avoid delays and misdiagnosis and potentially improve maternal and neonatal outcomes.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adulto , Complicações Neoplásicas na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Maxilares/diagnóstico , Osteossarcoma/diagnóstico
7.
Life Sci ; 281: 119776, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34186048

RESUMO

AIMS: Stimulation of ß-adrenergic receptors (ßAR) in osteoblasts by isoproterenol (ISO) was shown to induce Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) and angiogenesis in long bones. We thus aimed to determine the vascular response of mandibular tissues to ßAR stimulation regarding blood vessel formation. MAIN METHODS: Six-week-old wild-type C57BL6 female mice received daily intraperitoneal injections of ISO or phosphate buffered saline (PBS) for 1 month. Hemimandibles and tibias were collected for immunolocalization of endomucin, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), neuropeptide Y (NPY) and norepinephrine transporter (NET). Moreover, Vegfa, Il-1 ß, Il-6, Adrb2 and Rankl mRNA expression was assessed in mandibles and tibias 2 h after PBS or ISO treatment. KEY FINDINGS: Despite similar sympathetic innervation and Adrb2 expression between mandibular tissues and tibias, with TH and NPY+ nerve fibers distributed around blood vessels, ISO treatment did not increase endomucin+ vessel area or the total number of endomucin+ vessels in any of the regions investigated (alveolar bone, periodontal ligament, and dental pulp). Consistent with these results, the expression of Vegfα, Il-6, Il-1ß, and Rankl in the mandibular molar region did not change following ISO administration. We detected high expression of NET by immunofluorescence in mandible alveolar osteoblasts, osteocytes, and periodontal ligament fibroblasts, in addition to significantly higher Net expression by qPCR compared to the tibia from the same animals. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings indicate a differential response to ßAR agonists between mandibular and tibial tissues, since the angiogenic potential of sympathetic outflow observed in long bones is absent in periodontal tissues.


Assuntos
Agonistas Adrenérgicos beta/farmacologia , Isoproterenol/farmacologia , Ligamento Periodontal/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Feminino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Ligamento Periodontal/metabolismo , Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 2/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
8.
J Cutan Pathol ; 48(7): 863-869, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33486806

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pyogenic granuloma (PG) is a lesion characterized by the proliferation of blood vessels, commonly affecting the skin and the mouth. We aimed to compare clinical, microscopic, and immunohistochemical features of the two types of oral PG: lobular capillary hemangioma (LCH) and non-LCH (NLCH). METHODS: Epidemiological and clinical data from 2000 to 2018 were collected from the archives of our institution, and histopathological sections of PG were reviewed. Immunohistochemical analyses (CD34, D2-40, SMA, mast cell, and Ki-67) were performed in 34 cases. RESULTS: Sixty-two LCH and 107 non-LCH samples were included. The mean (±SD) age of the patients was 38.59 ± 16.96 years; 55.62% were female; 39.64% of cases occurred in the gingiva, 44% of the nodules were pedunculated, and 13.02% of patients reported a history of trauma. NLCH was more prevalent among older patients than LCH. The most prevalent site of LCH was the lips, while NLCH occurred more in the gingiva (P < 0.05). Epithelial atrophy, microvessels, SMA-positive areas, and Ki-67-positive nuclei were more prevalent in LCH (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: PG accounted for 2.25% of lesions archived in the pathology service and most cases were NLCH. LCH and NLCH exhibited clinicopathological differences in terms of age, site, epithelial atrophy, vascularization, and proliferation rate.


Assuntos
Granuloma Piogênico/diagnóstico , Granuloma Piogênico/metabolismo , Mucosa Bucal/patologia , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Actinas/metabolismo , Adulto , Biópsia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Gengiva/patologia , Granuloma Piogênico/epidemiologia , Granuloma Piogênico/patologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica/métodos , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Lábio/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Boca/patologia , Mucosa Bucal/irrigação sanguínea , Mucosa Bucal/ultraestrutura , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Head Neck Pathol ; 15(2): 663-667, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865727

RESUMO

A patient with an odontogenic fibroma (OF) with the presence of fibroblasts of varying morphology is presented, and the main microscopic differential diagnosis is discussed. Case report: a 51-year-old man complained of a swelling in the anterior region of the mandible. The panoramic radiograph showed a radiolucent, well-defined multilocular image, with displacement of the roots of the left mandibular incisors and canine. A cone beam computed tomography examination revealed a hypodense image, with delicate bone spicules inside, divergence of the tooth roots and destruction of the buccal cortical bone. Under the differential diagnosis of a desmoplastic ameloblastoma or a squamous odontogenic tumor, an incisional biopsy was made. Microscopically, deeply collagenized tissue with scarce odontogenic epithelium islands, large fibroblasts of varying morphology and calcified material was observed. A diagnosis of OF was made. Surgical removal was carried out, and the specimen was examined. Identical aspects were found, and the immunohistochemical reaction for pan-cytokeratin was carried out to identify the odontogenic epithelial cells. The definitive diagnosis of OF was confirmed, and we emphasize the importance of the correlation of all characteristics for a definitive diagnosis.


Assuntos
Fibroblastos/patologia , Fibroma/patologia , Tumores Odontogênicos/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
Arch Oral Biol ; 119: 104894, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950917

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Lactobacillus reuteri is reported as a beneficial adjunct to conventional periodontitis treatment or as monotherapy for gingivitis in several clinical trials. However, probiotics are not free from the risk of adverse effects. We investigated the effects of live and heat-killed (paraprobiotic) L. reuteri during the development of ligature-induced periodontitis in rats. METHODS: Thirty-two male rats were divided into four groups-control group: healthy rats, LIP group: rats with ligature induced periodontitis, LIP/PRO group: rats with periodontitis that received live L. reuteri, LIP/PARA group: rats with periodontitis that received heat-killed L. reuteri. Treatment was administered for 30 days prior to ligation and continued for 14 days until euthanasia. The hemimandibles were removed and submitted to radiographic analysis, microcomputerized microtomography (µCT) and histomorphometric analysis. RESULTS: Radiographic analysis revealed that pro- and paraprobiotics enhanced the percentage of mesial bone support. The µCT analysis showed that paraprobiotic treatment increased bone volume and trabecular number while decreasing total bone porosity and trabecular separation. Live probiotic led to higher trabecular thickness. In the histomorphometric analysis, paraprobiotics significantly prevented furcation bone loss and collagen breakdown, although both pro- and paraprobiotics similarly reduced mesial bone loss. There were no significant differences in attachment loss or the number of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase -positive cells across treatments. CONCLUSIONS: Although viable and heat-killed bacteria reduced mesial alveolar bone loss and ameliorated furcation microarchitecture parameters, paraprobiotics presented the most pronounced results preventing periodontitis development. This can contribute to the future use of paraprobiotics in the prevention and treatment of periodontitis.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar , Lactobacillus reuteri , Periodontite , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Perda do Osso Alveolar/prevenção & controle , Animais , Temperatura Alta , Masculino , Periodontite/prevenção & controle , Ratos
11.
Pathog Dis ; 78(8)2020 11 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32845308

RESUMO

Periodontitis is a multifactorial inflammatory disease, and the major cause of tooth loss in adults. New therapies have been proposed for its treatment, including the use of probiotics such as Lactobacillus reuteri. The objective of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial effects of L. reuteri: live, heat-killed and culture filtrate (cell-free supernatant), on periodontopathogenic bacteria (Fusobacterium nucleatum and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans) in vitro, as well as the in vivo survival curve, hemocyte density and microbial recovery using Galleria mellonella. For in vitro assays, all preparations reduced colony forming units of F. nucleatum, while only live L. reuteri reduced the growth of A. actinomycetemcomitans. All treatments reduced periodontopathogenic bacteria growth in vivo. The treatment with the supernatant increased the survival of larvae infected with F. nucleatum more than the treatment with live L. reuteri, and none of the treatments altered the survival of A. actinomycetemcomitans-infected larvae. In addition, the treatment with L. reuteri preparations did not alter the hemocyte count of F. nucleatum- and A. actinomycetemcomitans-infected larvae. This study demonstrated that L. reuteri preparations exerted antimicrobial effects and increased the survival of G. mellonella infected by F. nucleatum, although only live L. reuteri was able to reduce the growth of A. actinomycetemcomitans in vitro.


Assuntos
Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Infecções por Fusobacterium/terapia , Fusobacterium nucleatum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Lactobacillus reuteri/fisiologia , Infecções por Pasteurellaceae/terapia , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Animais , Infecções por Fusobacterium/microbiologia , Hemócitos/microbiologia , Humanos , Larva/microbiologia , Interações Microbianas , Modelos Animais , Mariposas/microbiologia , Infecções por Pasteurellaceae/microbiologia , Periodontite/microbiologia , Periodontite/terapia , Análise de Sobrevida
12.
Pediatr Dermatol ; 37(4): 721-723, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32372427

RESUMO

We report a case of atypical oral hairy leukoplakia (OHL) in a 9-year-old immunocompetent girl treated with fluticasone propionate nasal spray for allergic rhinitis. The OHL in childhood is uncommon and should be included in a differential diagnosis of white lesions in the oral mucosa.


Assuntos
Leucoplasia Pilosa , Sprays Nasais , Corticosteroides , Criança , Feminino , Fluticasona/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Leucoplasia Oral , Mucosa Bucal
13.
J Periodontal Res ; 55(2): 215-220, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691977

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In the last decade, numerous studies have been published to clarify the role of probiotics, especially Lactobacillus reuteri, as an adjunct to conventional periodontal treatment. Although the health benefits of probiotics are numerous, they are live bacteria, and the administration of live organisms is not risk-free. We evaluated the antimicrobial effect of L reuteri and its cell-free culture supernatant on Porphyromonas gingivalis, a keystone periodontal pathogen, in vitro. We also evaluated the influence of this probiotic in its live, heat-killed (HKL, paraprobiotic) form and its supernatant on the Galleria mellonella invertebrate model after infection by P gingivalis. METHODS: The interaction assay was conducted with P gingivalis and L reuteri preparations (live cells and supernatant preparation). For this, P gingivalis and L reuteri preparations were added to tubes containing Brain Heart Infusion broth and incubated for 3 days. The suspensions were then seeded onto appropriate culture media for the calculation of colony-forming units per mL (CFU/mL). An in vivo assay with the G mellonella model was also performed. Live L reuteri, HKL, or supernatant was inoculated 2 hours prior to infection with P gingivalis. Survival was evaluated over 7 days, and the number of hemocytes in the hemolymph was estimated 3 hours after P gingivalis infection. Data were then subjected to statistical testing (α = 5%). RESULTS: Both live L reuteri and its supernatant had antimicrobial activity against P gingivalis (CFU reduction up to 86%, P < .05). Moreover, treatment with live and HKL had similar effects on G mellonella survival (increased survival up to 46%, P < .05). However, only live L reuteri was able to significantly increase the hemocyte density in this invertebrate model. CONCLUSION: Lactobacillus reuteri antimicrobial activity against P gingivalis and its effects on G mellonella survival after infection with a periodontopathogen do not depend on cell viability. This allows the development of products without live bacterium while maintaining similar effects.


Assuntos
Meios de Cultivo Condicionados/farmacologia , Lactobacillus reuteri , Porphyromonas gingivalis/efeitos dos fármacos , Probióticos , Animais , Temperatura Alta , Mariposas , Porphyromonas gingivalis/patogenicidade
14.
J Indian Soc Periodontol ; 24(6): 593-596, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33424181

RESUMO

In the present study, Galleria mellonella was evaluated as a potential infection model for periodontal bacteria, more specifically, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Fusobacterium nucleatum, and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. All the bacteria evaluated were pathogenic to G. mellonella, causing their death in a concentration-dependent manner, and a decrease in their hemocyte count. Moreover, it was possible to recover the bacteria from the larvae hemolymph and determine the colony-forming units per larvae. G. mellonella is an effective model that may help to better understand the host-microbe interactions in periodontics.

15.
HGG Adv ; 1(1): 100009, 2020 10 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35047831

RESUMO

Individuals with orofacial asymmetry due to mucosal overgrowths, ipsilateral bone and dental aberrations with perineurial hyperplasia and/or perineuriomatous pseudo-onion bulb proliferations, comprise a recognizable clinical entity. In this article, we describe three individuals with this clinical entity and mosaic PIK3CA variants c.3140A>G (p. His1047Arg), c.328_330delGAA (p. Glu110del), and c.1353_1364del (p.Glu453_Leu456del). We conclude that the identification of these mosaic variants in individuals with orofacial asymmetry presenting histopathologically perineurial hyperplasia and/or intraneural pseudo-onion bulb perineurial cell proliferations supports the inclusion of this clinical entity in the PIK3CA-related overgrowth spectrum.

16.
Autops Case Rep ; 9(2): e2018073, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31321217

RESUMO

A mandibular buccal bifurcation cyst is an inflammatory cyst that usually occurs on the buccal aspect of the permanent mandibular first molar of children. This lesion is diagnosed by an association of radiographic, clinical, and histological features. We report a bilateral case of mandibular buccal bifurcation cyst and discuss the main findings of this entity. A 7-year-old girl presented pain and delayed dental eruption in the posterior mandibular region. A cone beam computed tomography was performed and revealed hypodense lesions involving the crown and root of the mandibular first molars, with expansion of the buccal cortical and lingual tilting of the molar roots. A biopsy was carried out, and the common features of an inflammatory odontogenic cyst were histologically observed. The final diagnosis was bilateral mandibular buccal bifurcation cyst. Clinicians need to be aware of this diagnostic possibility in cases of mandibular cysts in children-especially when bilateral-to perform the correct treatment, which should not involve the extraction of the affected tooth.

17.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 48(10): 935-942, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31355943

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to report the clinicopathologic, radiographic and immunohistochemical features of five South American cases of intraosseous xanthomas of the mandible and to compare them to those detected in a literature review. METHODS: Clinical data were collected from the records of three Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology services in South America and compared with those compiled from a literature review based on a search of three electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus). All cases were evaluated by haematoxylin and eosin staining and immunohistochemistry for CD68 and S-100. RESULTS: The series comprised four females (80%) and one male (20%) with a mean age of 23.3 ± 10.9 years (range: 13-45 years). In four cases, there was involvement of the posterior region of the mandible (80%). The lesions presented radiographically as unilocular (60%) radiolucencies with punched-out margin (80%). All cases predominantly consisted of CD68-positive and S-100-negative xanthomatous cells. No recurrences were observed after curettage, with a median follow-up of 27 months. CONCLUSION: Intraosseous xanthoma of the jaws is a rare benign disorder. We report here five additional cases affecting the mandible, for a total of 36 cases of the jaws reported in the literature. Overall, this lesion has predilection for posterior sites of the mandible of asymptomatic young adults.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico , Mandíbula/patologia , Xantomatose/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 11(6): e582-e586, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31346382

RESUMO

Vascular leiomyomas (VL) are benign lesions of perivascular origin. We report two new cases and discuss their clinical, histological and immunohistochemical characteristics, in order to facilitate the diagnosis and treatment of such lesions. The patients, both male, presented asymptomatic nodules located in the bottom of the labial sulcus and buccal mucosa. In the second case, color doppler ultrasonography was performed, which showed no change in blood flow. After excisional biopsies, a limited lesion was observed histologically, with multiple tortuous vessels of varying sizes and calibers, and among them, spindle cells bundles, positive for smooth muscle actin. Oral VLs have clinical features similar to those of other more common lesions, making preoperative diagnosis difficult. Imaging examination, such as color doppler ultrasonography, may help in diagnosis. In general, excisional biopsy is performed, due to the ease of removal of the lesion during surgery. The treatment of choice is the complete excision of the lesion, which has an excellent prognosis and a low rate of recurrence. Key words:Vascular leiomyoma, spindle cells, thrombus, Doppler.

19.
Arch Oral Biol ; 102: 238-243, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31082700

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of sitagliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitor used to treat type II diabetes, on bone tissue and on implant osseointegration in diabetic rats. DESIGN: Thirty-two male rats were divided into four groups: 1) Diabetic animals (GD); 2) Diabetic animals that received sitagliptin (GDS); 3) Normoglycemic animals (GN); and 4) Normoglycemic animals that received sitagliptin (GNS). All animals received titanium implants in the right tibia. Sitagliptin or water were administered for 4 weeks. Glycemia, HOMA-IR, insulinemia, microtomographic parameters of the left tibia and implant bone area fraction occupancy (BAFO) of the right tibia were evaluated. RESULTS: The model used to induce diabetes led to hyperglycemia. However, HOMA-IR results showed no insulin resistance, and insulinemia was lower in diabetic animals, demonstrating the development of type I diabetes. Sitagliptin administration did not influence glycemic control. The diabetic animals showed a lower BAFO and bone volume fraction, as well as a lower trabecular number and thickness, revealing the deleterious effect of diabetes on bone metabolism and osseointegration. CONCLUSION: In this model, sitagliptin administration did not reverse the negative effects of type I diabetes on bone, suggesting that sitagliptin has no direct action on bone tissue and has no protective bone action in decompensated diabetic animals.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Animais , Osso e Ossos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Masculino , Osseointegração , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Fosfato de Sitagliptina
20.
J Cutan Pathol ; 46(8): 603-608, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31006896

RESUMO

Intramuscular hemangioma (IMH) represents less than 1% of all hemangiomas. In the head and neck region, it occurs mostly in the masseter, temporalis and sternocleidomastoid muscles. Despite its infiltrative growth pattern and several worrisome histological features, such as increased mitotic activity, plumpness of the nuclei, intraluminal papillary projections or perineural infiltration, the lesion is benign, and complete surgical excision is the preferred treatment for such oral lesions. Herein, we report three rare cases of IMH in the tongue and lip, discuss the clinical and histological aspects, and review the literature regarding this lesion.


Assuntos
Hemangioma , Neoplasias Bucais , Neoplasias Musculares , Idoso , Feminino , Hemangioma/metabolismo , Hemangioma/patologia , Hemangioma/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Bucais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Neoplasias Bucais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Musculares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Musculares/patologia , Neoplasias Musculares/cirurgia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...