Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 357
Filtrar
1.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 5805, 2022 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36195583

RESUMO

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is frequent, often fatal and, for lack of specific therapies, can leave survivors with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We characterize the distribution of tubular cells (TC) undergoing polyploidy along AKI by DNA content analysis and single cell RNA-sequencing. Furthermore, we study the functional roles of polyploidization using transgenic models and drug interventions. We identify YAP1-driven TC polyploidization outside the site of injury as a rapid way to sustain residual kidney function early during AKI. This survival mechanism comes at the cost of senescence of polyploid TC promoting interstitial fibrosis and CKD in AKI survivors. However, targeting TC polyploidization after the early AKI phase can prevent AKI-CKD transition without influencing AKI lethality. Senolytic treatment prevents CKD by blocking repeated TC polyploidization cycles. These results revise the current pathophysiological concept of how the kidney responds to acute injury and identify a novel druggable target to improve prognosis in AKI survivors.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36102665

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cholesterol crystal (CC) embolism causes acute kidney injury (AKI) and ischemic cortical necrosis associated with high mortality. We speculated that sustaining the fibrinolytic system with Glu-plasminogen could be a safe way to attenuate AKI and to prevent ischemic infarction upon CC embolism. METHODS: We induced CC embolism by injecting CC into the left kidney artery of C57BL/6J mice. The primary endpoint was glomerular filtration rate (GFR). RESULTS: Starting as early as 2h after CC embolism, thrombotic angiopathy progressed gradually in interlobular, arcuate, and interlobar arteries. This was associated with a drop of GFR reaching a peak at 18h, i.e., AKI, and progressive ischemic kidney necrosis developing between 12-48h after CC injection. Human plasma Glu-plasminogen extracts injected intravenously 4h after CC embolism attenuated thrombotic angiopathy, GFR loss as well as ischemic necrosis in a dose-dependent manner. No bleeding complications occurred after Glu-plasminogen injection. Injection of an intermediate dose (0.6 mg/kg) had only a transient protective effect on microvascular occlusions lasting for a few hours without a sustained protective effect on AKI at 18-48h or cortical necrosis, while 1.5 mg/kg were fully protective. Importantly, no bleeding complications occurred. CONCLUSIONS: These results provide the first experimental evidence that Glu-plasminogen could be an innovative therapeutic strategy to attenuate thrombotic angiopathy, AKI, kidney necrosis, and potentially other clinical manifestations of CC embolism syndrome.

4.
Front Immunol ; 13: 980079, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119023

RESUMO

Treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) currently employs agents with relatively unselective immunosuppressive properties. However, two target-specific biological drugs have been approved: belimumab (anti-B-cell-activating factor/BAFF) and anifrolumab (anti-interferon alpha receptor-1/IFNAR1). Here, we performed a comparative risk-benefit assessment for both drugs based on the role of BAFF and IFNAR1 in host defense and the pathogenesis of SLE and by considering the available data on safety and efficacy. Due to differences in target expression sites, anti-IFNAR1, but not anti-BAFF, might elicit organ-specific effects, consistent with clinical efficacy data. The IFNAR1 is specifically involved in innate and adaptive antiviral immunity in most cells of the body. Consistent with this observation, the available safety data obtained from patients negatively selected for LN and neuropsychiatric SLE, primary immunodeficiencies, splenectomy and chronic HIV, HBV, HCV infections suggest an increased risk for some viral infections such as varicella zoster and perhaps influenza. In contrast, BAFF is mainly involved in adaptive immune responses in lymphoid tissues, thus anti-BAFF therapy modulates SLE activity and prevents SLE flares without interfering with local innate host defense mechanisms and should only marginally affect immune memory to previous pathogen exposures consistent with the available safety data from SLE patients without chronic HIV, HBV or HCV infections. When using belimumab and anifrolumab, careful patient stratification and specific precautions may minimize risks and maximize beneficial treatment effects for patients with SLE.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Infecções por HIV , Hepatite C , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Medição de Risco
5.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(9): 792, 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36109515

RESUMO

Signaling pathways of regulated necrosis, such as necroptosis and ferroptosis, contribute to acute kidney injury (AKI), but the role of pyroptosis is unclear. Pyroptosis is mediated by the pore-forming protein gasdermin D (GSDMD). Here, we report a specific pattern of GSDMD-protein expression in the peritubular compartment of mice that underwent bilateral ischemia and reperfusion injury (IRI). Along similar lines, the GSDMD-protein expression in whole kidney lysates increased during the first 84 h following cisplatin-induced AKI. Importantly, unlike whole kidney lysates, no GSDMD-protein expression was detectable in isolated kidney tubules. In IRI and cisplatin-induced AKI, GSDMD-deficient mice exhibited hypersensitivity to injury as assessed by tubular damage, elevated markers of serum urea, and serum creatinine. This hypersensitivity was reversed by a combined deficiency of GSDMD and the necroptosis mediator mixed lineage kinase domain-like (MLKL). In conclusion, we demonstrate a non-cell autonomous role for GSDMD in protecting the tubular compartment from necroptosis-mediated damage in IRI.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Hipersensibilidade , Injúria Renal Aguda/metabolismo , Animais , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Creatinina , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Camundongos , Proteínas de Ligação a Fosfato/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a Fosfato/metabolismo , Ureia
6.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 974759, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35966530

RESUMO

Cholesterol crystal (CC) embolism can cause acute tissue infarction and ischemic necrosis via triggering diffuse thrombotic angiopathy occluding arterioles and arteries. Neutrophils contribute to crystal-induced immunothrombosis as well as to ischemic necrosis-related necroinflammation. We speculated that CC embolism-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) would be circadian rhythm-dependent and associated with cyclic differences in neutrophil function. Injection of CC into the left kidney induced thrombotic angiopathy progressing starting as early as 3 h after CC injection followed by a progressive ischemic cortical necrosis and AKI at 24 h. In C57BL/6J mice, circulating CD11b+Ly6G+ neutrophils were higher during the day phase [Zeitgeber time (ZT) 0-12] compared to the dark phase (ZT12-24). In the time frame of thrombus formation at ZT13, more neutrophils were recruited into the injured kidney 24 h later compared to CC embolism at ZT5. This effect was associated with an increased circulating number of CXCR2+ neutrophils as well as an upregulated kidney adhesion molecule and chemokine expression. These findings were associated with a significant increase in kidney necrosis, and endothelial injury at ZT13. Thus, the time of day has an effect also on CC embolism-related AKI in association with the circadian rhythm of neutrophil recruitment.

7.
Curr Diabetes Rev ; 2022 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35975848

RESUMO

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a set of metabolic disorders specified by hyperglycemia as a result of abnormalities in insulin secretion or sensitivity. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are the widespread co-morbidities of T2DM and share risk factors for onset and progression. Despite numerous mono- and combination therapies exist, the progression of diabetes complications remains a global health concern. Treatment options for diabetic- CKD and CVD include drugs targeting hyperglycemia, hypertension, albuminuria, hyperlipidemia and the renin-angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS). The sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 channel (SGLT2) is abundantly present in proximal tubules of the kidney and its capacity to recover glucose and sodium from the glomerular filtrate limits urinary glucose and sodium excretion. SGLT2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) reduce sodium and glucose reabsorption in the proximal and thus increase urinary glucose excretion in T2DM. SGLT2i monotherapy can improve but dual SGLT2/RAAS inhibition or SGLT2i along with other classes of drugs are more effective in protecting the kidneys and the cardiovascular system in patients with and without diabetes. Combinations such as empagliflozin and linagliptin, ertugliflozin and metolazone, dapagliflozin and sacubitril-valsartan and many more show promising results. Here, we have reviewed the ongoing and completed clinical trials, addressed current theories, and discussed necessary future research to explain the possible risks and benefits of using an SGLT2i alone and in combination with existing antidiabetic drugs and drugs acting on the cardiovascular system.

8.
Sci Transl Med ; 14(657): eabg3277, 2022 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35947676

RESUMO

Crescentic glomerulonephritis is characterized by vascular necrosis and parietal epithelial cell hyperplasia in the space surrounding the glomerulus, resulting in the formation of crescents. Little is known about the molecular mechanisms driving this process. Inducing crescentic glomerulonephritis in two Pax2Cre reporter mouse models revealed that crescents derive from clonal expansion of single immature parietal epithelial cells. Preemptive and delayed histone deacetylase inhibition with panobinostat, a drug used to treat hematopoietic stem cell disorders, attenuated crescentic glomerulonephritis with recovery of kidney function in the two mouse models. Three-dimensional confocal microscopy and stimulated emission depletion superresolution imaging of mouse glomeruli showed that, in addition to exerting an anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive effect, panobinostat induced differentiation of an immature hyperplastic parietal epithelial cell subset into podocytes, thereby restoring the glomerular filtration barrier. Single-cell RNA sequencing of human renal progenitor cells in vitro identified an immature stratifin-positive cell subset and revealed that expansion of this stratifin-expressing progenitor cell subset was associated with a poor outcome in human crescentic glomerulonephritis. Treatment of human parietal epithelial cells in vitro with panobinostat attenuated stratifin expression in renal progenitor cells, reduced their proliferation, and promoted their differentiation into podocytes. These results offer mechanistic insights into the formation of glomerular crescents and demonstrate that selective targeting of renal progenitor cells can attenuate crescent formation and the deterioration of kidney function in crescentic glomerulonephritis in mice.


Assuntos
Glomerulonefrite , Podócitos , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Glomerulonefrite/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Rim/metabolismo , Camundongos , Panobinostat/uso terapêutico , Podócitos/metabolismo , Células-Tronco/metabolismo
9.
Mitochondrion ; 66: 82-91, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35985440

RESUMO

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a global health concern associated with high morbidity and mortality. AKI etiology is linked to mitochondrial dysfunction along with oxidative stress and inflammation. The defective mitochondria are removed via mitophagy for maintaining cellular integrity. The main regulatory mechanisms of mitophagy in response to different stressors are Phosphatase and tensin homolog-induced kinase 1 (PINK1)/Parkin and receptor-mediated. Receptors like B-cell lymphoma 2/adenovirus E1B-interacting protein (BNIP3), BNIP3L, prohibitin2, tacrolimus (FK506)-binding protein8 (FKBP8), autophagy-beclin1-regulator1 (AMBRA1) and SMAD-ubiquitination regulatory factor1 (SMURF1), etc. participate in receptor-mediated mitophagy. In recent studies, receptor-mediated mitophagy showed protective effects in AKI. This review summarizes the evidence related to mitophagy in AKI and outlines the significance of receptor-mediated mitophagy modulation as a possible therapeutic approach in AKI.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Mitofagia , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Proteína Beclina-1/metabolismo , Humanos , Monoéster Fosfórico Hidrolases/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Tacrolimo , Tensinas/metabolismo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35840344

RESUMO

The transition from traditional growth-based microbial detection methods to continuous bio-fluorescent particle counting methods represents a paradigm shift, because the results will be non-equivalent in terms of microbial counts, and a continuous, rather than periodic, data stream will be available. Bio-fluorescent particle counting technology, a type of rapid microbiological method, uses the detection of intrinsic fluorescence of microbial cells to enumerate bioburden levels in air or water samples, continuously. The reported unit is commonly referred to as an auto-fluorescence unit, which is not dependent upon growth, as is the traditional method. The following article discusses challenges encountered when implementing this modern technology, and the perspective from a consortium of four industry working groups on navigating these challenges.

11.
J Mol Med (Berl) ; 100(7): 1017-1026, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35704060

RESUMO

Kidney disease affects more than 10% of the worldwide population and causes significant morbidity and mortality. Epigenetic mechanisms such as DNA methylation, histone modifications, and non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) play a pivotal role in the progression of kidney disease. These epigenetic mechanisms are reversible and majorly involved in regulating gene expression of inflammatory, fibrotic, and apoptotic proteins. Emerging data suggest that the Toll-like receptor 2 and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR2 and TLR4) are expressed by almost all types of kidney cells and known for promoting inflammation by recognizing damage-associated molecular proteins (DAMPs). Epigenetic mechanisms regulate TLR2 and TLR4 signaling in various forms of kidney disease where different histone modifications promote the transcription of the TLR2 and TLR4 gene and its ligand high mobility group box protein 1 (HMGB1). Moreover, numerous long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) modulate TLR2 and TLR4 signaling in kidney disease. However, the precise mechanisms behind this regulation are still enigmatic. Studying the epigenetic mechanisms involved in the regulation of TLR2 and TLR4 signaling in the development of kidney disease may help in understanding and finding novel therapeutic strategies. This review discusses the intricate relationship of epigenetic mechanisms with TLR2 and TLR4 in different forms of kidney diseases. In addition, we discuss the different lncRNAs and miRNAs that regulate TLR2 and TLR4 as potential therapeutic targets in kidney disease.


Assuntos
Nefropatias , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Epigênese Genética , Humanos , Nefropatias/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/genética , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo
13.
Clin Nephrol Case Stud ; 10: 42-46, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35651717

RESUMO

Management of calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) therapy in kidney transplant recipients may be complicated due to polypharmacy. As CNI undergo extensive metabolism by cytochrome-P450 enzymes (CYP), drug-mediated CYP inhibition poses a risk for elevated CNI blood concentrations. Here, we report on 2 kidney transplant recipients treated with tacrolimus who presented with signs of tacrolimus intoxication at admission. Patient A was started on antiviral medication ombitasvir, paritaprevir, ritonavir, and dasabuvir for hepatitis C virus treatment 3 days prior to hospitalization. Patient B was treated with clarithromycin for pneumonia. Both therapies cause drug-mediated CYP inhibition, and both patients displayed highly elevated tacrolimus serum concentrations and acute kidney injury (Table 1). After application of the CYP-inducing agents rifampicin and phenytoin, respectively, tacrolimus levels were rapidly reduced, and renal function recovered. Treating severe CNI intoxication is an infrequent yet emergent condition. These results add to the knowledge of therapeutic drug-induced CYP induction as rescue therapy.

14.
Nat Rev Endocrinol ; 18(8): 473-489, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35578027

RESUMO

The physiological process of biomineralization is complex and deviation from it leads to a variety of diseases. Progress in the past 10 years has enhanced understanding of the genetic, molecular and cellular pathophysiology underlying these disorders; sometimes, this knowledge has both facilitated restoration of health and clarified the very nature of biomineralization as it occurs in humans. In this Review, we consider the principal regulators of mineralization and crystallization, and how dysregulation of these processes can lead to human disease. The knowledge acquired to date and gaps still to be filled are highlighted. The disorders of mineralization discussed comprise a broad spectrum of conditions that encompass bone disorders associated with alterations of mineral quantity and quality, as well as disorders of extraskeletal mineralization (hyperphosphataemic familial tumoural calcinosis). Included are disorders of alkaline phosphatase (hypophosphatasia) and phosphate homeostasis (X-linked hypophosphataemic rickets, fluorosis, rickets and osteomalacia). Furthermore, crystallopathies are covered as well as arterial and renal calcification. This Review discusses the current knowledge of biomineralization derived from basic and clinical research and points to future studies that will lead to new therapeutic approaches for biomineralization disorders.


Assuntos
Hipofosfatasia , Sistema Musculoesquelético , Osteomalacia , Fosfatase Alcalina , Biomineralização , Humanos
16.
Front Oncol ; 12: 869706, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35574410

RESUMO

Extracellular DNA may serve as marker in liquid biopsies to determine individual diagnosis and prognosis in cancer patients. Cell death or active release from various cell types, including immune cells can result in the release of DNA into the extracellular milieu. Neutrophils are important components of the innate immune system, controlling pathogens through phagocytosis and/or the release of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). NETs also promote tumor progression and metastasis, by modulating angiogenesis, anti-tumor immunity, blood clotting and inflammation and providing a supportive niche for metastasizing cancer cells. Besides neutrophils, other immune cells such as eosinophils, dendritic cells, monocytes/macrophages, mast cells, basophils and lymphocytes can also form extracellular traps (ETs) during cancer progression, indicating possible multiple origins of extracellular DNA in cancer. In this review, we summarize the pathomechanisms of ET formation generated by different cell types, and analyze these processes in the context of cancer. We also critically discuss potential ET-inhibiting agents, which may open new therapeutic strategies for cancer prevention and treatment.

17.
J Innate Immun ; : 1-17, 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35443244

RESUMO

Growth and differentiation factor 15 (GDF15), a divergent member of the transforming growth factor-ß superfamily, has been associated with acute and chronic inflammatory conditions including autoimmune disease, i.e., type I diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis. Still, its role in systemic autoimmune disease remains elusive. Thus, we studied GDF15-deficient animals in Fas-receptor intact (C57BL/6) or deficient (C57BL/6lpr/lpr) backgrounds. Further, lupus nephritis (LN) microdissected kidney biopsy specimens were analyzed to assess the involvement of GDF15 in human disease. GDF15-deficiency in lupus-prone mice promoted lymphoproliferation, T-, B- and plasma cell-expansion, a type I interferon signature, and increased serum levels of anti-DNA autoantibodies. Accelerated systemic inflammation was found in association with a relatively mild renal phenotype. Splenocytes of phenotypically overall-normal Gdf15-/- C57BL/6 and lupus-prone C57BL/6lpr/lpr mice displayed increased in vitro lymphoproliferative responses or interferon-dependent transcription factor induction in response to the toll-like-receptor (TLR)-9 ligand CpG, or the TLR-7 ligand Imiquimod, respectively. In human LN, GDF15 expression was downregulated whereas type I interferon expression was upregulated in glomerular- and tubular-compartments versus living donor controls. These findings demonstrate that GDF15 regulates lupus-like autoimmunity by suppressing lymphocyte-proliferation and -activation. Further, the data indicate a negative regulatory role for GDF15 on TLR-7 and -9 driven type I interferon signaling in effector cells of the innate immune system.

18.
Nephrol Dial Transplant ; 37(8): 1400-1410, 2022 07 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35244174

RESUMO

Patients with immune-mediated kidney diseases are at increased risk of severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The international rollout of COVID-19 vaccines has provided varying degrees of protection and enabled the understanding of vaccine efficacy and safety. The immune response to COVID-19 vaccines is lower in most patients with immune-mediated kidney diseases; either related to immunosuppression or comorbidities and complications caused by the underlying disease. Humoral vaccine response, measured by the presence of antibodies, is impaired or absent in patients receiving rituximab, mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), higher doses of glucocorticoids and likely other immunosuppressants, such as cyclophosphamide. The timing between the use of these agents and administration of vaccines is associated with the level of immune response: with rituximab, vaccine response can only be expected once B cells start to recover and patients with transient discontinuation of MMF mount a humoral response more frequently. The emergence of new COVID-19 variants and waning of vaccine-induced immunity highlight the value of a booster dose and the need to develop mutant-proof vaccines. COVID-19 vaccines are safe, exhibiting a very low risk of de novo or relapsing immune-mediated kidney disease. Population-based studies will determine whether this is causal or coincidental. Such cases respond to standard management, including the use of immunosuppression. The Immunonephrology Working Group and European Vasculitis Society recommend that patients with immune-mediated kidney diseases follow national guidance on vaccination. Booster doses based on antibody measurements could be considered.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Nefropatias , Anticorpos Antivirais , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19/efeitos adversos , Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , Humanos , Nefropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Nefropatias/imunologia , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico
19.
Blood ; 139(23): 3402-3417, 2022 06 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35303071

RESUMO

Neutrophils are key players during host defense and sterile inflammation. Neutrophil dysfunction is a characteristic feature of the acquired immunodeficiency during kidney disease. We speculated that the impaired renal clearance of the intrinsic purine metabolite soluble uric acid (sUA) may account for neutrophil dysfunction. Indeed, hyperuricemia (HU, serum UA of 9-12 mg/dL) related or unrelated to kidney dysfunction significantly diminished neutrophil adhesion and extravasation in mice with crystal- and coronavirus-related sterile inflammation using intravital microscopy and an air pouch model. This impaired neutrophil recruitment was partially reversible by depleting UA with rasburicase. We validated these findings in vitro using either neutrophils or serum from patients with kidney dysfunction-related HU with or without UA depletion, which partially normalized the defective migration of neutrophils. Mechanistically, sUA impaired ß2 integrin activity and internalization/recycling by regulating intracellular pH and cytoskeletal dynamics, physiological processes that are known to alter the migratory and phagocytic capability of neutrophils. This effect was fully reversible by blocking intracellular uptake of sUA via urate transporters. In contrast, sUA had no effect on neutrophil extracellular trap formation in neutrophils from healthy subjects or patients with kidney dysfunction. Our results identify an unexpected immunoregulatory role of the intrinsic purine metabolite sUA, which contrasts the well-known immunostimulatory effects of crystalline UA. Specifically targeting UA may help to overcome certain forms of immunodeficiency, for example in kidney dysfunction, but may enhance sterile forms of inflammation.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD18 , Ácido Úrico , Animais , Antígenos CD18/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunidade Inata , Inflamação , Camundongos , Infiltração de Neutrófilos , Neutrófilos , Ácido Úrico/farmacologia , Ácido Úrico/urina
20.
Nephron ; 146(5): 503-513, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35320807

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is a highly prevalent accelerator or even cause of chronic kidney disease imposing a large unmet medical need at the global scale. Massive research activities continue to be in search of a cure but the yield of the classical bench-to-bedside research approach has been low. We speculated that a significant mismatch in design and quality of animal and clinical studies in this domain is a hurdle for translation. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of matched pairs of animal and human studies that tested the efficacy of distinct drug interventions for diabetic kidney disease (DKD). We reviewed study designs and reporting quality of such studies over the last decade according to the standards listed in the CONSORT and ARRIVE recommendations, respectively. RESULTS: We noted a wide diversity in the study designs of animal studies in terms of diabetes induction. Major mismatches with the respective human studies referred to age and sex distribution, comorbidities, stage of the kidney disease, and selection of primary endpoints. Usually, treatment was initiated before onset of kidney disease without any standard of care as a background therapy. The reporting quality of animal studies was poor for randomization procedures, blinding, sample size calculation for a prespecified primary endpoint or the safety analysis. Reporting quality of clinical studies had deficits in trial design-, recruitment-, allocation-, and outcome-related aspects. CONCLUSION: Bench-to-bedside translation in the domain of DKD suffers from major deficits in the design of experimental studies in view of the projected clinical trials as well as from significant deficits in the reporting quality in preclinical and clinical studies.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...