Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 333
Filtrar
1.
Neurology ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645708

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Women have been under-represented in clinical trials areas of cardiovascular disease but there is less certainty over the level of disparity specifically in stroke. We examined the participation of women in trials according to stroke prevalence in the population. METHODS: Published randomized controlled trials with ≥100 participants enrolled between 1990 and 2020 were identified from ClinicalTrials.gov. To quantify sex disparites in enrolment we calculated the participation to prevalence ratio (PPR), defined as the percentage of women participating in a trial against the prevalence of women in the disease population. RESULTS: There were 281 stroke trials eligible for analyses with a total of 588,887 participants, of whom 37.4 % were women. Overall, women were represented at a lower proportion relative to their prevalence in the underlying population (mean PPR 0.84; 95% confidence interval [CI] (0.81 to 0.87)). The greatest differences were observed in trials of intracerebral hemorrhage (PPR 0.73; 95% CI 0.71 to 0.74), trials with a mean age of participants <70 years (PPR 0.81; 95% CI (0.78 to 0.84)), non-acute interventions (PPR 0.80; 95% CI (0.76 to 0.84)) and rehabilitation trials (PPR 0.77; 95% CI 0.71 to 0.83)). These findings did not significantly change over the period from 1990 to 2020 (p for trend = 0.201). CONCLUSION: Women are disproportionately underrepresented in stroke trials relative to the burden of disease in the population. Clear guidance and effective implementation strategies are required to improve the inclusion of women and thus broader knowledge of the impact of interventions in clinical trials.

2.
Front Neurol ; 12: 687862, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34512511

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Epidemiological studies show significant variations in hypertension management within and between countries. The level of regional variation in early blood pressure (BP) management after acute stroke is uncertain. Methods: Data are from the Enhanced Control of Hypertension and Thrombolysis Stroke Study (ENCHANTED), a partial-factorial, international randomized controlled trial of thrombolysis-eligible acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients with elevated systolic BP (SBP >150 mmHg) assigned to intensive (target SBP 130-140 mmHg) vs. guideline-recommended (SBP <180 mmHg) treatment; BP management was compared among four regions: Western countries (Italy/United Kingdom/Spain/Australia), China (mainland), other Asia (Hong Kong/Taiwan/Singapore/Thailand/Vietnam/India), and South America (Chile/Brazil/Colombia). Results: These analyses included 2,196 AIS [38% women, mean age 67 (12) years] patients. Commonly used intravenous BP-lowering agents were labetalol, nitroglycerin, and topical nitrates in Western countries; urapidil and sodium nitroprusside in China; nicardipine in other Asian countries; and sodium nitroprusside and labetalol in South America. Chinese patients were less likely to receive BP-lowering treatment in the first 24 h and be treated with multiple agents although they had smaller magnitude of SBP reduction and lower SBP variability. Conclusion: Regional variations in early BP management in acute stroke translated into differences in early BP control parameters.

3.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 30(11): 106083, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517297

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate key quality indicators for acute care and one-year outcomes following acute ischaemic stroke (IS), intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH), or transient ischaemic attack (TIA) by diabetes status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Observational cohort study (2009-2013) using linked data from the Australian Stroke Clinical Registry and hospital records. Diabetes was ascertained through review of hospital records. Multilevel regression models were used to evaluate the association between diabetes and outcomes, including discharge destination, and mortality and hospital readmissions within one-year of stroke/TIA. RESULTS: Among 14,132 patients (median age 76 years, 46% female), 22% had diabetes. Compared to patients without diabetes, those with diabetes were equally likely to receive stroke unit care, but were more often discharged on antihypertensive agents (79% vs. 68%) or with a care plan (50% vs. 47%). In patients with TIA, although 86% returned directly home after acute care, those with diabetes more often had a different discharge destination than those without diabetes. Diabetes was associated with greater all-cause mortality (hazard ratio 1.13, 95% CI 1.04-1.23) in patients with IS/ICH; and with both greater all-cause (1.81, CI 1.35-2.43) and CVD mortality (1.75, CI 1.06-2.91) in patients with TIA. Similarly, diabetes was associated with greater rates of all-cause readmission in both patients with IS/ICH and TIA. CONCLUSIONS: Despite good adherence to best care standards for acute stroke/TIA, patients with comorbid diabetes had worse outcomes at one-year than those without comorbid diabetes. Associations of diabetes with poorer outcomes were more pronounced in patients with TIA than those with IS/ICH.

4.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 16495, 2021 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34389772

RESUMO

Decompressive hemicraniectomy (DHC) can improve outcomes for patients with severe forms of acute ischemic stroke (AIS), but the evidence is mainly derived from non-thrombolyzed patients. We aimed to determine the characteristics and outcomes of early DHC in thrombolyzed AIS participants of the international Enhanced Control of Hypertension and Thrombolysis Stroke Study (ENCHANTED). Post-hoc analyses of ENCHANTED, an international, partial-factorial, open, blinded outcome-assessed, controlled trial in 4557 thrombolysis-eligible AIS patients randomized to low- versus standard-dose intravenous alteplase (Arm A, n = 2350), intensive versus guideline-recommended blood pressure control (Arm B, n = 1280), or both (Arms A + B, n = 947). Logistic regression models were used to identify baseline variables associated with DHC, with inverse probability of treatment weights employed to eliminate baseline imbalances between those with and without DHC. Logistic regression was also used to determine associations of DHC and clinical outcomes of death/disability, major disability, and death (defined by scores 2-6, 3-5, and 6, respectively, on the modified Rankin scale) at 90 days post-randomization. There were 95 (2.1%) thrombolyzed AIS patients who underwent DHC, who were significantly younger, of non-Asian ethnicity, and more likely to have had prior lipid-lowering treatment and severe neurological impairment from large vessel occlusion than other patients. DHC patients were more likely to receive other management interventions and have poor functional outcomes than non-DHC patients, with no relation to different doses of intravenous alteplase. Compared to other thrombolyzed AIS patients, those who received DHC had a poor prognosis from more severe disease despite intensive in-hospital management.

5.
Cerebrovasc Dis ; 50(5): 491-492, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34350880
7.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg ; 207: 106796, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34246993

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Uncertainty exists over the prognostic significance of low arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) in acute stroke. We aimed to determine the strength of association of SaO2 and adverse outcomes among participants of the international Head Positioning in acute Stroke Trial (HeadPoST). METHODS: Post-hoc analyzes of HeadPoST, a pragmatic cluster-crossover randomized trial of lying flat versus sitting up head positioning in 11,093 patients (age ≥18 years) with acute stroke at 114 hospitals in 9 countries during 2015-2016. Associations of the lowest recorded SaO2 level, as a continuous measure and as a cut-point for desaturation (SaO2 <93%), in the first 24 h and clinical outcomes of death or dependency (modified Rankin scale [mRS] scores 3-6) and any serious adverse event (SAE) at 90 days, were assessed in generalized linear mixed models adjusted for baseline and in-hospital management confounders. RESULTS: There was an inverse J-shaped association between SaO2 and death or dependency, with a nadir for optimal outcome at 96-97%. Patients with SaO2 desaturation were older, and had greater neurological impairment, premorbid disability and cardiorespiratory disease. Desaturation was not clearly associated with death or dependency (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.19, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.95-1.48) but was with SAEs (aOR 1.34, 95% CI 1.07-1.68), without heterogeneity by head position, cardiac-respiratory comorbidity, or other pre-specified subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: Any change in SaO2 outside of 96-97% is associated with poorer outcome after acute stroke. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: HeadPoST is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02162017).

8.
Cerebrovasc Dis ; : 1-6, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34265764

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Internationally, women are underrepresented as leaders in major scientific organizations and conferences. We aimed to determine gender differences in leadership roles and annual scientific conferences of the Stroke Society of Australasia (SSA). METHODS: In a retrospective review of SSA data (2014-2019), committee members were obtained through the SSA Web site, and moderators, speakers, and award recipients were identified from SSA annual scientific conference programs. Gender was determined by name inspection and Web search. Absolute numbers and proportions of women and men were recorded for all roles examined, overall and per year. Associations between representation of women in conferences and percentage of women in speaking roles were tested using multinomial regression. RESULTS: Presidential leadership of the SSA was held by men in 2014-2016 and 2019 and women in 2017-2018. SSA committee membership was predominantly women (55%), being lowest (47%) in 2014 and 2019 and highest (65%) in 2017. There was a wide gender variation at scientific conferences, with 41% of keynote speakers being women overall, from 20% in 2016 to 75% in 2015. From 2014 to 2019, 55% of all speakers were women, ranging from 32% (in 2016) to 71% (in 2015). A higher percentage of women as speakers or moderators was associated with a program committee with over a third of its members composed of women (p ≤ 0.044). CONCLUSIONS: Representation of women varied from 2014 to 2019 in the SSA organization and its conferences, although men are more often elected president in the organization and women are less often keynote speakers. When more women were included in the program committee, the representation of women as speakers increased.

9.
Stroke ; : STROKEAHA120033133, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34315251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although a target of 80% medication adherence is commonly cited, it is unclear whether greater adherence improves survival after stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). We investigated associations between medication adherence during the first year postdischarge, and mortality up to 3 years, to provide evidence-based targets for medication adherence. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 1-year survivors of first-ever stroke or TIA, aged ≥18 years, from the Australian Stroke Clinical Registry (July 2010-June 2014) linked with nationwide prescription refill and mortality data (until August 2017). Adherence to antihypertensive agents, statins, and nonaspirin antithrombotic medications was based on the proportion of days covered from discharge until 1 year. Cox regression with restricted cubic splines was used to investigate nonlinear relationships between medication adherence and all-cause mortality (to 3 years postdischarge). Models were adjusted for age, sex, socioeconomic position, stroke factors, primary care factors, and concomitant medication use. RESULTS: Among 8363 one-year survivors of first-ever stroke or TIA (44% aged ≥75 years, 44% female, 18% TIA), 75% were supplied antihypertensive agents. In patients without intracerebral hemorrhage (N=7446), 84% were supplied statins, and 65% were supplied nonaspirin antithrombotic medications. Median adherence was ≈90% for each medication group. Between 1% and 100% adherence, greater adherence to statins or antihypertensive agents, but not nonaspirin antithrombotic agents, was associated with improved survival. When restricted to linear regions above 60% adherence, each 10% increase in adherence was associated with a reduction in all-cause mortality of 13% for antihypertensive agents (hazard ratio, 0.87 [95% CI, 0.81-0.95]), 13% for statins (hazard ratio, 0.87 [95% CI, 0.80-0.95]), and 15% for nonaspirin antithrombotic agents (hazard ratio, 0.85 [95% CI, 0.79-0.93]). CONCLUSIONS: Greater levels of medication adherence after stroke or TIA are associated with improved survival, even among patients with near-perfect adherence. Interventions to improve medication adherence are needed to maximize survival poststroke.

10.
Cerebrovasc Dis ; 50(5): 560-566, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34153968

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: As outcomes for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) vary according to clinical profile and management approaches, we aimed to determine disparities in clinical outcomes between Asian and non-Asian participants of the international, Enhanced Control of Hypertension and Thrombolysis Stroke study (ENCHANTED). METHODS: ENCHANTED was a multicenter, prospective, partial-factorial, randomized, open trial of low-dose (0.6 mg/kg) versus standard-dose (0.9 mg/kg) alteplase, and intensive (target systolic blood pressure [SBP] 130-140 mm Hg) or guideline-recommended (<180 mm Hg) BP management, in thrombolysis-eligible AIS patients. Logistic regression models were used to examine the associations with outcomes of death or disability (modified Rankin scale [mRS] scores 2-6), major disability (mRS 3-5), death, and intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), with adjustment prognostic factors, alteplase dose, and mean SBP over 1-24 h. RESULTS: Among 4,551 thrombolyzed AIS patients (mean age 66.7 years, 37.8% female), there were 65.4% Asians who were younger, fewer female, and with less atrial fibrillation, hypercholesterolemia, premorbid symptoms, and concomitant antihypertensive, antithrombotic and statin treatment, and more prior stroke, compared to non-Asians. Frequencies of hypertension, coronary artery disease, and diabetes mellitus were comparable between groups. Asian patients were less likely to be admitted to an acute stroke unit and receive early mobilization by a therapist or rehabilitation but more likely to receive intensive care. There were no significant differences between Asians and non-Asians in functional outcome (defined by mRS scores 2-6 or 3-5; adjusted odds ratio [OR] 1.00, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.85-1.19 [p = 0.958] and OR 0.95, 95% CI 0.80-1.13 [p = 0.572], respectively), or death (OR 1.25, 95% CI 0.95-1.65; p = 0.116), despite Asians having greater odds of ICH (OR 1.51, 95% CI 1.23-1.86; p = 0.0001) and neurological deterioration within 24 h (OR 1.58, 95% CI 1.18-2.12; p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Within the context of an international clinical trial of thrombolyzed AIS patients, demography, risk factors, management, and odds of early neurological deterioration and ICH, all differ between Asian and non-Asian participants. However, patterns of functional recovery are similar between these major regional groups.

11.
Int J Stroke ; : 17474930211025436, 2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34096413

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We explored the influence of low-dose intravenous alteplase and intensive blood pressure lowering on outcomes of acute ischemic stroke according to status/location of vascular obstruction in participants of the Enhanced Control of Hypertension and Thrombolysis Stroke Study (ENCHANTED). METHODS: ENCHANTED was a multicenter, quasi-factorial, randomized trial to determine efficacy and safety of low- versus standard-dose intravenous alteplase and intensive- versus guideline-recommended blood pressure lowering in acute ischemic stroke patients. In those who had baseline computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging angiography, the degree of vascular occlusion was grouped according to being no (NVO), medium (MVO), or large (LVO). Logistic regression models were used to determine 90-day outcomes (modified Rankin scale [mRS] shift [primary], other mRS cut-scores, intracranial hemorrhage, early neurologic deterioration, and recanalization) by vascular obstruction status/site. Heterogeneity in associations for outcomes across subgroups was estimated by adding an interaction term to the models. RESULTS: There were 940 participants: 607 in alteplase arm only, 243 in blood pressure arm only, and 90 assigned to both arms. Compared to the NVO group, functional outcome was worse in LVO (mRS shift, adjusted OR [95% CI] 2.13 [1.56-2.90]) but comparable in MVO (1.34 [0.96-1.88]) groups. There were no differences in associations of alteplase dose or blood pressure lowering and outcomes across NVO/MVO/LVO groups (mRS shift: low versus standard alteplase dose 0.84 [0.54-1.30]/0.48 [0.25-0.91]/0.99 [0.75-2.09], Pinteraction = 0.28; intensive versus standard blood pressure lowering 1.32 [0.74-2.38]/0.78 [0.31-1.94]/1.24 [0.64-2.41], Pinteraction = 0.41), except for a borderline significant difference for intensive blood pressure lowering and increased early neurologic deterioration (0.63 [0.14-2.72]/0.17 [0.02-1.47]/2.69 [0.90-8.04], Pinteraction = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Functional outcome by dose of alteplase or intensity of blood pressure lowering is not modified by vascular obstruction status/site according to analyses from ENCHANTED, although these results are compromised by low statistical power.Clinical Trial Registration: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifiers: NCT01422616.

12.
Front Neurol ; 12: 652941, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33935953

RESUMO

Objective: To determine the association between serum phosphate level and 1-year clinical outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack. Methods: We included 7,353 patients with acute ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack from the China National Stroke Registry III for analysis. Participants were divided into 4 groups according to serum phosphate quartiles. Composite end point included recurrent stroke, myocardial infarction, other ischemic vascular events, and all-cause mortality. Poor functional outcome is defined as modified Rankin Scale score of 3 to 6. Multivariable Cox regression or logistic regression was used to evaluate the independent association of serum phosphate with 1-year all-cause mortality, recurrent stroke, composite end point and poor functional outcome. Results: The mean age of the included 7,353 patients was 62.5 years, and 68.6% of them were men. Plotting hazard ratios over phosphate levels suggested a U-shaped association especially for recurrent stroke and composite end point, and therefore the third quartile group was set as reference group. Compared with the third quartile of phosphate (1.06-1.20 mmol/L), the adjusted hazard ratios/odds ratios (95% CI) of the lowest quartile (<0.94 mmol/L) were 0.98 (0.67-1.42) for all-cause mortality, 1.31 (1.05-1.64) for stroke recurrence, 1.26 (1.02-1.57) for composite end point, and 1.27 (1.01-1.61) for poor functional outcome, and the adjusted odds ratio of the highest quartile (≥1.2 mmol/L) was 1.40 (1.11-1.77) for poor functional outcome. Conclusions: Serum phosphate may be an independent predictor of stroke recurrence, composite end point and poor functional outcome after ischemic stroke.

14.
Cerebrovasc Dis ; : 1-2, 2021 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34044390
15.
Stroke ; 52(8): 2502-2509, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34015940

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The AFFINITY trial (Assessment of Fluoxetine in Stroke Recovery) reported that oral fluoxetine 20 mg daily for 6 months after acute stroke did not improve functional outcome and increased the risk of falls, bone fractures, and seizures. After trial medication was ceased at 6 months, survivors were followed to 12 months post-randomization. This preplanned secondary analysis aimed to determine any sustained or delayed effects of fluoxetine at 12 months post-randomization. METHODS: AFFINITY was a randomized, parallel-group, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in adults (n=1280) with a clinical diagnosis of stroke in the previous 2 to 15 days and persisting neurological deficit who were recruited at 43 hospital stroke units in Australia (n=29), New Zealand (4), and Vietnam (10) between 2013 and 2019. Participants were randomized to oral fluoxetine 20 mg once daily (n=642) or matching placebo (n=638) for 6 months and followed until 12 months after randomization. The primary outcome was function, measured by the modified Rankin Scale, at 6 months. Secondary outcomes for these analyses included measures of the modified Rankin Scale, mood, cognition, overall health status, fatigue, health-related quality of life, and safety at 12 months. RESULTS: Adherence to trial medication was for a mean 167 (SD 48) days and similar between randomized groups. At 12 months, the distribution of modified Rankin Scale categories was similar in the fluoxetine and placebo groups (adjusted common odds ratio, 0.93 [95% CI, 0.76-1.14]; P=0.46). Compared with placebo, patients allocated fluoxetine had fewer recurrent ischemic strokes (14 [2.18%] versus 29 [4.55%]; P=0.02), and no longer had significantly more falls (27 [4.21%] versus 15 [2.35%]; P=0.08), bone fractures (23 [3.58%] versus 11 [1.72%]; P=0.05), or seizures (11 [1.71%] versus 8 [1.25%]; P=0.64) at 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: Fluoxetine 20 mg daily for 6 months after acute stroke had no delayed or sustained effect on functional outcome, falls, bone fractures, or seizures at 12 months poststroke. The lower rate of recurrent ischemic stroke in the fluoxetine group is most likely a chance finding. Registration: URL: http://www.anzctr.org.au/; Unique identifier: ACTRN12611000774921.


Assuntos
Cognição , Fluoxetina/uso terapêutico , Qualidade de Vida , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Inibidores de Captação de Serotonina/uso terapêutico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos , Afeto , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Fadiga/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , AVC Hemorrágico/tratamento farmacológico , AVC Hemorrágico/fisiopatologia , AVC Hemorrágico/psicologia , Humanos , AVC Isquêmico/tratamento farmacológico , AVC Isquêmico/fisiopatologia , AVC Isquêmico/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Convulsões/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/psicologia
16.
Stroke Vasc Neurol ; 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33903179

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (r-tPA) and urokinase (UK) are both recommended for the treatment of acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) in China, but with few comparative outcome data being available. We aimed to compare the outcomes of these two thrombolytic agents for the treatment of patients within 4.5 hours of onset of AIS in routine clinical practice in China. METHODS: A pre-planned, prospective, nationwide, multicentre, real-world registry of consecutive patients with AIS (age ≥18 years) who received r-tPA or UK within 4.5 hours of symptom onset according to local decision-making and guideline recommendations during 2017-2019. The primary effectiveness outcome was the proportion of patients with an excellent functional outcome (defined by modified Rankin scale scores 0 to 1) at 90 days. The key safety endpoint was symptomatic intracranial haemorrhage according to standard definitions. Multivariable logistic regression was used for comparative analysis, with adjustment according to propensity scores to ensure balance in baseline characteristics. RESULTS: Overall, 4130 patients with AIS were registered but 320 had incomplete or missing data, leaving 3810 with available data for analysis of whom 2666 received r-tPA (median dose 0.88 (IQR 0.78-0.90) mg/kg) and 1144 received UK (1.71 (1.43-2.00)×104 international unit per kilogram). There were several significant intergroup differences in patient characteristics: r-tPA patients were more educated, had less history of stroke, lower systolic blood pressure, greater neurological impairment and shorter treatment times from symptom onset than UK patients. However, in adjusted analysis, the frequency of excellent outcome (OR 1.18, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.40, p=0.052) and symptomatic intracranial haemorrhage (OR 0.70, 95% CI 0.33 to 1.47, p=0.344) were similar between groups. CONCLUSIONS: UK may be as effective and carry a similar safety profile as r-tPA in treating mild to moderate AIS within guidelines in China. REGISTRATION: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. unique identifier: NCT02854592.

17.
J Am Geriatr Soc ; 69(7): 2011-2020, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33740274

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Coexistent seizures add complexity to the burden of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We aim to estimate the incidence and prevalence of coexistent seizures and AD and summarize characteristics. DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis (PROSPERO protocol registration CRD42020150479). SETTING: Population-, community-, hospital-, or nursing home-based. PARTICIPANTS AND MEASUREMENTS: Thirty-nine studies reporting on seizure incidence and prevalence in 21,198 and 380,777 participants with AD, respectively, and AD prevalence in 727,446 participants with seizures. When statistical heterogeneity and inconsistency (assessed by Q statistic and I2 ) were not shown, rates were synthesized using random effect. RESULTS: Studies were conducted in Australia, Brazil, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden, Taiwan, United Kingdom, and United States. The incidence of seizures among people with clinically diagnosed AD ranged from 4.2 to 31.5 per 1000 person-years. Prevalence of seizures among people with clinically diagnosed AD ranged from 1.5% to 12.7% generally, but it rose to the highest (49.5% of those with early-onset AD) in one study. Meta-analysis reported a combined seizure prevalence rate among people with pathologically verified AD at 16% (95% confidence interval [CI] 14-19). Prevalence of seizure in autosomal dominant AD (ADAD) ranged from 2.8% to 41.7%. Being younger was associated with higher risk of seizure occurrence. Eleven percent of people with adult-onset seizures had AD (95%CI, 7-14). CONCLUSION: Seizures are common in those with AD, and seizure monitoring may be particularly important for younger adults and those with ADAD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/epidemiologia , Saúde Global/estatística & dados numéricos , Convulsões/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Prevalência
18.
J Neurol Sci ; 423: 117364, 2021 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33647734

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Uncertainty exists over the prognostic significance of pyrexia in acute intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH). We aimed to determine the association of elevated body temperature with clinical and imaging outcomes among participants of the main Intensive Blood Pressure Reduction in Acute Cerebral Haemorrhage Trial (INTERACT2). METHODS: Post-hoc analyses of INTERACT2, an international open, blinded outcome assessed, randomised trial of 2839 patients with spontaneous ICH (<6 h of onset) and elevated systolic blood pressure (SBP, 150-220 mmHg) randomly assigned to intensive (SBP target <140 mmHg) or guideline-recommended (SBP target < 180 mmHg) BP management. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine associations of elevated baseline body temperature (<37.5 vs. ≥37.5 °C) and 90-day clinical outcome defined on the modified Rankin scale (mRS). Analysis of covariance determined relations of body temperature and haematoma and perihaematomal oedema (PHE) volumes, at baseline and 24 h post-randomisation. RESULTS: Of 2792 participants with data available at admission, 39 (1.4%) patients had elevated body temperature ≥ 37.5 °C. Elevated body temperature was significantly associated with 90-day mortality (adjusted odds ratio 2.44; 95% confidence interval 1.02-5.82; P = .044) but not with major disability alone (mRS scores 3-5) and combination death or major disability (mRS scores 3-6). Elevated body temperature was also associated with larger PHE volume at baseline (10.89 vs. 3.14 cm3, P < .001;) and 24 h (12.43 vs 5.76 cm3, P = .018) but not with haematoma volumes at these time points. CONCLUSION: Early pyrexia in mild to moderate ICH is associated with greater mortality and larger PHE volume, suggesting an early inflammatory-mediated reaction. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT00716079).


Assuntos
Hemorragia Cerebral , Febre , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Pressão Sanguínea , Hemorragia Cerebral/complicações , Hemorragia Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia Cerebral/terapia , Febre/complicações , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Front Neurol ; 12: 621495, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33716925

RESUMO

We present information on acute stroke care for the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Australia using data from the Australian Stroke Clinical Registry (AuSCR). The first case of COVID-19 in Australia was recorded in late January 2020 and national restrictions to control the virus commenced in March. To account for seasonal effects of stroke admissions, patient-level data from the registry from January to June 2020 were compared to the same period in 2019 (historical-control) from 61 public hospitals. We compared periods using descriptive statistics and performed interrupted time series analyses. Perceptions of stroke clinicians were obtained from 53/72 (74%) hospitals participating in the AuSCR (80% nurses) via a voluntary, electronic feedback survey. Survey data were summarized to provide contextual information for the registry-based analysis. Data from the registry covered locations that had 91% of Australian COVID-19 cases to the end of June 2020. For the historical-control period, 9,308 episodes of care were compared with the pandemic period (8,992 episodes). Patient characteristics were similar for each cohort (median age: 75 years; 56% male; ischemic stroke 69%). Treatment in stroke units decreased progressively during the pandemic period (control: 76% pandemic: 70%, p < 0.001). Clinical staff reported fewer resources available for stroke including 10% reporting reduced stroke unit beds. Several time-based metrics were unchanged whereas door-to-needle times were longer during the peak pandemic period (March-April, 2020; 82 min, control: 74 min, p = 0.012). Our data emphasize the need to maintain appropriate acute stroke care during times of national emergency such as pandemic management.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...