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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615809

RESUMO

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is an alternative treatment to surgical aortic valve replacement for treating severe aortic stenosis. With the increased use of TAVI, the risk of cerebrovascular complications during the procedure has become an emerging problem. We evaluated the safety and feasibility of our total cerebral protection methods using embolic protection devices (EPDs) for carotid artery stenting. We collected the results of cases in which the clinical team determined that our protection method was necessary among patients undergoing TAVI from May to October 2019 in our medical center. We applied this method to patients who had a potentially high risk of cerebrovascular events during the procedure. The methods of protection were selected comprehensively based on the potential of collateralization of brain perfusion when some arteries were blocked with a balloon, accessibility of the brain arteries, and the ability to cover the brain arteries with devices. Five patients, aged 83.8 ± 1.8 years, were included in the study. Technical success was achieved in all five patients. No cases showed any new neurological symptoms after the procedures; however, head MRI on the day after showed new ischemic lesions in three of five cases (60%). In all cases, emboli were found in the collected filters. This report demonstrates protection of the entire perfusion area in each case using EPDs in patients at high risk of intraoperative embolism. The methods we used were feasible and can potentially reduce cerebrovascular events following TAVI.

3.
J Am Heart Assoc ; : e021903, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612052

RESUMO

Background The subintimal approach (SA) is widely used in endovascular therapy for femoropopliteal chronic total occlusion lesions. However, when compared with the intraluminal approach (IA), the safety and efficacy of SA in real-world practice are not well characterized. Furthermore, there is a paucity of data on the clinical impact of subintimal and intraluminal wire passage (SWP and IWP, respectively) assessed by intravascular ultrasound. Methods and Results From the IVORY (Intravascular Ultrasound-Supported Endovascular Therapy in Superficial Femoral Artery) registry, this study included 500 patients undergoing endovascular therapy for femoropopliteal chronic total occlusion lesions (SA, n=67; IA, n=433; and SWP, n=186; IWP, n=314). The primary end point was the cumulative 1-year incidence of restenosis. The rate of perioperative complications was also assessed. Propensity score matching analysis was performed to adjust for the intergroup differences. After propensity score matching, the final study population consisted of 59 pairs (SA, n=59; IA, n=348) and 170 pairs (SWP, n=170; IWP, n=293), respectively. Cumulative 1-year incidence of restenosis was comparable between the SA and IA groups (41.0% versus 43.4%, P=0.40). No significant difference in 1-year restenosis rate between the SWP and IWP groups was observed (48.2% versus 40.8%, P=0.40), although the SWP group tended to be a higher rate of perioperative complications than the IWP group (8.2% versus 4.1%, P=0.07). Conclusions At 1 year, both SA and IA showed acceptable results for femoropopliteal chronic total occlusion lesions. Cumulative 1-year incidence of restenosis was not significantly different between SWP and IWP, whereas perioperative complications occurred more frequently in SWP than in IWP. Registration URL: https://www.umin.ac.jp; Unique identifier: UMIN000020472.

4.
Intern Med ; 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471031

RESUMO

Cholesterol crystal embolism (CCE) is a serious complication that occurs after cardiac and vascular procedures. CCE involves multiple organs, and the prognosis and renal function of patients is poor. Although the efficacy of steroid, statin, and low-density lipoprotein apheresis has been reported, no definitive treatment has been established. We herein report three consecutive cases treated with conventional steroid therapy with proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitor after catheterization. The renal function was preserved, steroid therapy was stopped, and wound healing of blue toes was achieved. PCSK9 inhibitor therapy was safe in the present patient and may be a potential treatment option for CCE.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478233

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare clinical outcomes in high bleeding risk (HBR) patients with and without complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) treated with Resolute Onyx zotarolimus-eluting stents (ZES) after 1-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). BACKGROUND: PCI with 1-month DAPT has been demonstrated to be safe in HBR patients treated with Resolute Onyx ZES. Whether these outcomes are consistent in patients with complex lesions is uncertain. METHODS: Among HBR patients who were event-free 1 month after PCI with ZES and treated thereafter with single antiplatelet therapy (SAPT), the clinical outcomes between 1 month and 1 year were compared after complex PCI (3 vessels treated, ≥ 3 lesions treated, total stent length > 60 mm, bifurcation with ≥ 2 stents implanted, atherectomy, or left main, surgical bypass graft or chronic total occlusion PCI) versus noncomplex PCI. Propensity score adjustment was performed to adjust for baseline differences among complex and noncomplex patients. RESULTS: Complex patients (N = 401, 26.6% of total) had a higher prevalence of hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus and previous myocardial infarction (MI). Between 1 month and 1 year, rates of MI (7.1% vs. 4.0%, p = 0.02) and cardiac death/MI (9.3% vs. 6.1%, p = 0.04) were higher among complex versus noncomplex patients, although stent thrombosis rates were similar. After adjustment for baseline characteristics, differences in outcomes were no longer significant between groups. CONCLUSIONS: Higher rates of ischemic outcomes in complex PCI patients were largely explained by baseline clinical differences, rather than lesion complexity, among HBR patients treated with 1-month DAPT following PCI with Resolute Onyx ZES.

6.
Am J Cardiol ; 159: 19-29, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497005

RESUMO

Polypharmacy was reported to be associated with increased mortality in various populations. However, there is a scarcity of data on status of polypharmacy and association with long-term mortality in patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Among 12,291 patients who underwent first PCI in the CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG registry Cohort-3, we evaluated the number of medications at discharge from index PCI hospitalization, and compared long-term mortality across the 3 groups divided by the tertiles of the number of medications. The median number of medications was 6 (interquartile range: 5 to 8), and 88.0% of the patients were on >=5 medications. Most of medications were those related to cardiovascular disease. Patients taking more medications were older and more often had co-morbidities and guideline-indicated medications. The cumulative 5-year incidence of all-cause death increased incrementally with increasing number of medications (Tertile 1 [<=5]: 13.1%, Tertile 2 [6 to 7]: 13.9%, and Tertile 3 [>=8]: 18.0%, log-rank p <0.001). After adjusting confounders, the mortality risks of Tertile 2 and Tertile 3 relative to Tertile 1 were no longer significant (Tertile 2: hazard ratio 0.93; 95% confidence interval 0.84 to 1.04; p = 0.23, and Tertile 3: hazard ratio 0.91; 95% confidence interval 0.81 to 1.03; p = 0.14, respectively). In conclusion, in a real-world population of patients who underwent PCI, approximately 90% of patients were on >=5 medications. Increasing medications was associated with higher crude incidence of all-cause death, whereas adjusted mortality risks were similar regardless of the number of medications. These data might suggest that achievement of optimal medical therapy would be preferred, even if it might increase the number of medications used.

7.
Circ J ; 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34526432

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Optimal intensity is unclear for P2Y12receptor blocker therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in real-world clinical practice.Methods and Results:From the CREDO-Kyoto Registry, the current study population consisted of 25,419 patients (Cohort-2: n=12,161 and Cohort-3: n=13,258) who underwent their first PCI. P2Y12receptor blocker therapies were reduced dose of ticlopidine (200 mg/day), and global dose of clopidogrel (75 mg/day) in 87.7% and 94.8% of patients in Cohort-2 and Cohort-3, respectively. Cumulative 3-year incidence of GUSTO moderate/severe bleeding was significantly higher in Cohort-3 than in Cohort-2 (12.1% and 9.0%, P<0.0001). After adjusting 17 demographic factors and 9 management factors potentially related to the bleeding events other than the type of P2Y12receptor blocker, the higher bleeding risk in Cohort-3 relative to Cohort-2 remained significant (hazard ratio (HR): 1.52 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.37-1.68, P<0.0001). Cohort-3 compared with Cohort-2 was not associated with lower adjusted risk for myocardial infarction/ischemic stroke (HR: 0.96, 95% CI: 0.87-1.06, P=0.44). CONCLUSIONS: In this historical comparative study, Cohort-3 compared with Cohort-2 was associated with excess bleeding risk, which might be at least partly explained by the difference in P2Y12receptor blockers.

8.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(18): e021417, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533047

RESUMO

Background It remains controversial whether long-term clinical impact of newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation (AF) in the acute phase of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is different from that of prior AF diagnosed before the onset of AMI. Methods and Results The current study population from the CREDO-Kyoto AMI (Coronary Revascularization Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto Acute Myocardial Infarction) Registry Wave-2 consisted of 6228 patients with AMI who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention. The baseline characteristics and long-term clinical outcomes were compared according to AF status (newly diagnosed AF: N=489 [7.9%], prior AF: N=589 [9.5%], and no AF: N=5150 [82.7%]). Median follow-up duration was 5.5 years. Patients with newly diagnosed AF and prior AF had similar baseline characteristics with higher risk profile than those with no AF including older age and more comorbidities. The cumulative 5-year incidence of all-cause death was higher in newly diagnosed AF and prior AF than no AF (38.8%, 40.7%, and 18.7%, P<0.001). The adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for mortality of newly diagnosed AF and prior AF relative to no AF remained significant with similar magnitude (HR, 1.31; 95% CI, 1.12-1.54; P<0.001, and HR, 1.32; 95% CI, 1.14-1.52; P<0.001, respectively). The cumulative 5-year incidence of stroke decreased in the order of newly diagnosed AF, prior AF and no AF (15.5%, 12.9%, and 6.3%, respectively, P<0.001). The higher adjusted HRs of both newly diagnosed AF and prior AF relative to no AF were significant for stroke, with a greater risk of newly diagnosed AF than that of prior AF (HR, 2.05; 95% CI, 1.56-2.69; P<0.001, and HR, 1.33; 95% CI, 1.00-1.78; P=0.048, respectively). The higher stroke risk of newly diagnosed AF compared with prior AF was largely driven by the greater risk within 30 days. The higher adjusted HRs of newly diagnosed AF and prior AF relative to no AF were significant for heart failure hospitalization (HR, 1.73; 95% CI, 1.35-2.22; P<0.001, and HR, 2.23; 95% CI, 1.82-2.74; P<0.001, respectively) and major bleeding (HR, 1.46; 95% CI, 1.23-1.73; P<0.001, and HR, 1.36; 95% CI, 1.15-1.60; P<0.001, respectively). Conclusions Newly diagnosed AF in AMI had risks for mortality, heart failure hospitalization, and major bleeding higher than no AF, and comparable to prior AF. The risk of newly diagnosed AF for stroke might be higher than that of prior AF.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34340914

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the current guidelines, indications for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) are expanded to include several subgroups of asymptomatic patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS), and there is a paucity of data on the prognostic impact of New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class in patients with severe AS undergoing TAVI. METHODS: Among 2588 patients enrolled in the OCEAN-TAVI registry, patients were divided into 4 groups according to baseline NYHA class (class I in 95 patients, class II in 1172 patients, class III in 1126 patients, and class IV in 195 patients). RESULTS: Median follow-up was 729 days. The cumulative 2-year incidence of all-cause death was significantly higher in patients with NYHA class IV and III than in those with NYHA class II and I. (30.0%, 21.3%, 13.4%, and 11.2%, respectively, P < 0.001). After adjusting confounders, NYHA class IV and III, but not NYHA class II were independently associated with higher mortality compared with NYHA class I (reference) (adjusted HR: 3.43, 95%CI: 1.83-7.15, P < 0.001; adjusted HR: 2.07, 95%CI: 1.15-4.19, P = 0.013; and adjusted HR: 1.50, 95%CI: 0.83-3.04, P = 0.19, respectively). With increasing NYHA class, there was an incremental increase of heart failure hospitalization in the effect size relative to the reference (NYHA class I). CONCLUSIONS: The long-term outcomes of patients with NYHA class I were better than those with NYHA class IV or III in some selected patients undergoing TAVI.

10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(32): e26892, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397913

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: There was no previous report on the prognostic impact of new-onset or improved anemia after discharge from acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF).We analyzed 771 patients with ADHF and who were followed in multicenters in Japan was divided into 4 groups based on the hemoglobin values at discharge and 6-month index visit: 373 patients (48.4%) with persistent anemia, 87 patients (11.3%) with new-onset anemia, 91 patients (11.8%) with improved anemia, and 220 patients (28.5%) without anemia.The primary outcome measure was a composite of all-cause death or HF hospitalization after index visit. The cumulative 6-month incidences of the primary outcome measure were 25.2% for persistent anemia, 18.5% for new onset anemia, 9.0% for improved anemia, and 9.2% for no anemia (log-rank P < .001). Compared with the no anemia group, the excess risk for the primary outcome measure remained significant in the persistent anemia group [hazard ratio (HR) 2.70, 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.45-5.44, P = .001] and in the new-onset anemia group (HR 2.73, 95% CI 1.19-6.25, P = .02), while it was not significant in the improved anemia group (HR 1.69, 95% CI 0.68-4.03, P = .25).Persistent and new-onset anemia at 6-month visit were associated with a subsequent higher risk for all-cause death or HF hospitalization in patients with ADHF, suggesting the importance of detecting anemia during follow-up.


Assuntos
Anemia/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anemia/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
12.
Circ J ; 2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical significance of concomitant mitral regurgitation (MR) has not been well addressed in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS).Methods and Results:We analyzed 3,815 patients from a retrospective multicenter registry of severe AS in Japan (CURRENT AS registry). We compared the clinical outcomes between patients with moderate/severe MR and with none/mild MR according to the initial treatment strategy (initial aortic valve replacement [AVR] or conservative strategy). The primary outcome measure was a composite of aortic valve-related death or heart failure hospitalization. At baseline, moderate/severe MR was present in 227/1,197 (19%) patients with initial AVR strategy and in 536/2,618 (20%) patients with a conservative strategy. The crude cumulative 5-year incidence of the primary outcome measure was significantly higher in patients with moderate/severe MR than in those with none/mild MR, regardless of the initial treatment strategy (25.2% vs. 14.4%, P<0.001 in the initial AVR strategy, and 63.3% vs. 40.7%, P<0.001 in the conservative strategy). After adjusting confounders, moderate/severe MR was not independently associated with higher risk for the primary outcome measure in the initial AVR strategy (hazard ratio [HR] 1.11, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.67-1.83, P=0.69), and in the conservative strategy (HR 1.13, 95% CI 0.93-1.37, P=0.22). CONCLUSIONS: Concomitant moderate/severe MR was not independently associated with higher risk for the primary outcome measure regardless of the initial treatment strategy.

13.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(15): e021257, 2021 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34323122

RESUMO

Background Heart failure might be an important determinant in choosing coronary revascularization modalities. There was no previous study evaluating the effect of heart failure on long-term clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) relative to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods and Results Among 14 867 consecutive patients undergoing first coronary revascularization with PCI or isolated CABG between January 2011 and December 2013 in the CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG registry Cohort-3, we identified the current study population of 3380 patients with three-vessel or left main coronary artery disease, and compared clinical outcomes between PCI and CABG stratified by the subgroup based on the status of heart failure. There were 827 patients with heart failure (PCI: N=511, and CABG: N=316), and 2553 patients without heart failure (PCI: N=1619, and CABG: N=934). In patients with heart failure, the PCI group compared with the CABG group more often had advanced age, severe frailty, acute and severe heart failure, and elevated inflammatory markers. During a median 5.9 years of follow-up, there was a significant interaction between heart failure and the mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG (interaction P=0.009), with excess mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG in patients with heart failure (HR, 1.75; 95% CI, 1.28-2.42; P<0.001) and no excess mortality risk in patients without heart failure (HR, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.80-1.34; P=0.77). Conclusions There was a significant interaction between heart failure and the mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG with excess risk in patients with heart failure and neutral risk in patients without heart failure.

14.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(15): e020292, 2021 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34325523

RESUMO

Background No clinical studies have focused on the factors associated with discharge destination in patients with acute decompensated heart failure. Methods and Results Of 4056 consecutive patients hospitalized for acute decompensated heart failure in the KCHF (Kyoto Congestive Heart Failure) registry, we analyzed 3460 patients hospitalized from their homes and discharged alive. There were 3009 and 451 patients who were discharged to home and nonhome, respectively. We investigated the factors associated with nonhome discharge and compared the outcomes between home discharge and nonhome discharge. Factors independently and positively associated with nonhome discharge were age ≥80 years (odds ratio [OR],1.76; 95% CI,1.28-2.42), body mass index ≤22 kg/m2 (OR,1.49; 95% CI,1.12-1.97), poor medication adherence (OR, 2.08; 95% CI,1.49-2.88), worsening heart failure (OR, 2.02; 95% CI, 1.46-2.82), stroke during hospitalization (OR, 3.74; 95% CI, 1.75-8.00), functional decline (OR, 12.24; 95% CI, 8.74-17.14), and length of hospital stay >16 days (OR, 4.14; 95% CI, 3.01-5.69), while those negatively associated were diabetes mellitus (OR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.51-0.94), cohabitants (OR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.46-0.85), and ambulatory state before admission (OR, 0.25; 95% CI, 0.18-0.36). The cumulative 1-year incidence of all-cause death was significantly higher in the nonhome discharge group than in the home discharge group. The nonhome discharge group compared with the nonhome discharge group was associated with a higher adjusted risk for all-cause death (hazard ratio, 1.66; P<0.001). Conclusions The discharge destination of patients with acute decompensated heart failure is influenced by factors such as prehospital social background, age, body mass index, low self-care ability, events during hospitalization (worsening heart failure, stroke, etc), functional decline, and length of hospital stay; moreover, the prognosis of nonhome discharge patients is worse than that of home discharge patients. Registration Information clinicaltrials.gov. Identifier: NCT02334891.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34195951

RESUMO

Sudden cardiac death is one of the leading causes of death in the older population. Compared with the general population, patients who experienced a myocardial infarction are four to six times more likely to experience sudden cardiac death. Though primary percutaneous coronary intervention considerably reduces mortality in patients who experienced a myocardial infarction, a non-negligible number of sudden cardiac deaths still occurs. Despite the high incidence rate of sudden cardiac deaths during the first month after myocardial infarction, prophylactic use of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators has so far failed to convey a survival benefit. Therefore, current clinical guidelines recommend that cardioverter-defibrillator implantation is contraindicated until 90 days after myocardial infarction. Wearable cardioverter-defibrillators were first approved for clinical use in 2002 and are currently considered as a bridge to therapy in patients with myocardial infarction with a reduced left ventricular ejection fraction in whom cardioverter-defibrillator implantation is temporarily not indicated. However, there is insufficient recognition among interventional cardiologists of the use of wearable cardioverter-defibrillators for preventing sudden cardiac death after myocardial infarction. Hence, we reviewed the evidence of the efficacy of wearable cardioverter-defibrillators used in patients following myocardial infarction to achieve better management of sudden cardiac death.

17.
BMJ ; 373: n1332, 2021 06 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34135011

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the risks and benefits of P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy compared with dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) and whether these associations are modified by patients' characteristics. DESIGN: Individual patient level meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. DATA SOURCES: Searches were conducted in Ovid Medline, Embase, and three websites (www.tctmd.com, www.escardio.org, www.acc.org/cardiosourceplus) from inception to 16 July 2020. The primary authors provided individual participant data. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials comparing effects of oral P2Y12 monotherapy and DAPT on centrally adjudicated endpoints after coronary revascularisation in patients without an indication for oral anticoagulation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was a composite of all cause death, myocardial infarction, and stroke, tested for non-inferiority against a margin of 1.15 for the hazard ratio. The key safety endpoint was Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) type 3 or type 5 bleeding. RESULTS: The meta-analysis included data from six trials, including 24 096 patients. The primary outcome occurred in 283 (2.95%) patients with P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy and 315 (3.27%) with DAPT in the per protocol population (hazard ratio 0.93, 95% confidence interval 0.79 to 1.09; P=0.005 for non-inferiority; P=0.38 for superiority; τ2=0.00) and in 303 (2.94%) with P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy and 338 (3.36%) with DAPT in the intention to treat population (0.90, 0.77 to 1.05; P=0.18 for superiority; τ2=0.00). The treatment effect was consistent across all subgroups, except for sex (P for interaction=0.02), suggesting that P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy lowers the risk of the primary ischaemic endpoint in women (hazard ratio 0.64, 0.46 to 0.89) but not in men (1.00, 0.83 to 1.19). The risk of bleeding was lower with P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy than with DAPT (97 (0.89%) v 197 (1.83%); hazard ratio 0.49, 0.39 to 0.63; P<0.001; τ2=0.03), which was consistent across subgroups, except for type of P2Y12 inhibitor (P for interaction=0.02), suggesting greater benefit when a newer P2Y12 inhibitor rather than clopidogrel was part of the DAPT regimen. CONCLUSIONS: P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy was associated with a similar risk of death, myocardial infarction, or stroke, with evidence that this association may be modified by sex, and a lower bleeding risk compared with DAPT. REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42020176853.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/métodos , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade/tendências , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/prevenção & controle , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/normas , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Medição de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Trombose/tratamento farmacológico , Trombose/prevenção & controle
18.
ESC Heart Fail ; 8(4): 2826-2836, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33934541

RESUMO

AIMS: Although the prognostic impact of the high tricuspid regurgitation pressure gradient (TRPG) has been investigated, the association of the decrease in TRPG during follow-up with clinical outcomes in heart failure (HF) has not been previously studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of a decrease in TRPG between hospitalization and 6 month visit with subsequent clinical outcomes in patients with acute decompensated HF (ADHF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 721 patients with available TRPG data both during hospitalization and a subsequent 6 month visit, the study population was divided into two groups: a decrease in TRPG group (>10 mmHg decrease at 6 month visit) (N = 179) and no decrease in TRPG group (N = 542). The primary outcome measure was a composite of all-cause death or HF hospitalization. The cumulative 6 month incidence of primary outcome measure was significantly lower in the decrease in TRPG group than in the no decrease in TRPG group (12.2% vs. 18.7%, P = 0.02). After adjusting for confounders, there was a significantly lower risk in decrease in TRPG group than in the no decrease in TRPG group for the measured primary outcome (hazard ratio: 0.56, 95% confidence interval 0.32-0.93, P = 0.02). The lower risk in decrease in TRPG group was not different among the basal TRPG values. CONCLUSIONS: Heart failure patients with a decrease in TRPG at 6 months after discharge from ADHF hospitalization had lower subsequent risk of all-cause death and HF hospitalization than those without a decrease in TRPG, regardless of TRPG values.

19.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(5): e010384, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34003662

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Safety and efficacy of clopidogrel monotherapy after very short dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) is uncertain in patients undergoing complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: We conducted a post hoc subgroup analysis based on the complexity of PCI in the STOPDAPT-2 trial (Short and Optimal Duration of Dual Antiplatelet Therapy-2), which randomly compared 1-month DAPT followed by clopidogrel monotherapy with 12-month DAPT after cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stent implantation. Complex PCI was defined as any of the following: 3 vessels treated, ≥3 stents implanted, ≥3 lesions treated, bifurcation with 2 stents, >60 mm total stent lengths, and target of chronic total occlusion. The primary end point was the composite of cardiovascular (cardiovascular death/myocardial infarction/definite stent thrombosis/stroke) and bleeding (TIMI [Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction] major/minor) end points. The major secondary end points were the cardiovascular and bleeding end points. RESULTS: Among the 3009 study patients, there were 509 patients (16.9%) with complex PCI (1-month DAPT: N=245, and 12-month DAPT: N=264) and 2500 patients (83.1%) without complex PCI (1-month DAPT: N=1255, and 12-month DAPT: N=1245). There were no significant interactions between the complexity of PCI and the effects of 1-month DAPT versus 12-month DAPT on the primary end point (complex PCI: 1.67% versus 5.32%, hazard ratio, 0.30 [95% CI, 0.10­0.92], P=0.04, and noncomplex PCI: 2.50% versus 3.35%, hazard ratio, 0.75 [95% CI, 0.47­1.20], P=0.23; Pinteraction=0.14), and on the major secondary cardiovascular end point (complex PCI: 1.67% versus 3.04%, hazard ratio, 0.54 [95% CI, 0.16­1.79], P=0.31, and noncomplex PCI: 2.02% versus 2.39%, hazard ratio, 0.86 [95% CI, 0.50­1.47], P=0.58; Pinteraction=0.49). The cumulative 1-year incidence of the major secondary bleeding end point was significantly lower in the 1-month DAPT group than in the 12-month DAPT group regardless of the complexity of PCI (complex PCI: 0% versus 2.29%, log-rank P=0.02, and noncomplex PCI: 0.48% versus 1.38%, log-rank P=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: The effects of clopidogrel monotherapy after 1-month DAPT relative to 12-month DAPT for the primary and major secondary end points were comparable in complex PCI and noncomplex PCI without significant interactions. REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT02619760.

20.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 98(3): E395-E402, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34019325

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the incidence of target lesion revascularization (TLR) was decreased in patients who underwent endovascular therapy (EVT) for femoropopliteal (FP) lesions, the clinical impact of newly developed lesions could not be disqualified in those patients. METHODS: Between January 2012 and December 2018, 911 patients with intermittent claudication (IC) who have not been previously treated for this condition underwent a successful EVT for de novo FP lesions in a multicenter registry (WATERMELON registry: neW lesion AfTer EndovasculaR therapy for interMittEnt cLaudicatiON). RESULTS: The mean follow-up duration was 3.5 ± 1.9 years. At 5 years, 53% patients underwent limb revascularization, (new lesion: 42% and TLR: 31%). We developed an ordinal risk score to predict the possibility of new lesion revascularization the following risk factors: body mass index (<23 kg/m2 , 1 point), diabetes (2 points), hemodialysis (3 points), and atrial fibrillation (2 points). The patients were divided into three groups: low risk group (0-1 points: N = 283), intermediate risk group (2-3 points: N = 395), and high risk group (≥4 points: N = 233). The cumulative 5-year incidence of new lesion revascularization was 28% in the low risk group, 40% in the intermediate group, and 68% in the high risk group (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: within 5 years after the first EVT, more than half of the patients underwent limb revascularization. Of these patients, 42% underwent new lesion revascularization. Patients with a body mass index <23 kg/m2 , diabetes, hemodialysis, and atrial fibrillation had increased risk for new lesion revascularization.

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