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1.
J Chem Theory Comput ; 16(6): 3807-3815, 2020 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32379444

RESUMO

Computational modeling and accurate simulations of localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) absorption properties are reported for gold nanobipyramids (GNBs), a class of metal nanoparticle that features highly tunable, geometry-dependent optical properties. GNB bicone models with spherical tips performed best in reproducing experimental LSPR spectra while the comparison with other geometrical models provided a fundamental understanding of base shapes and tip effects on the optical properties of GNBs. Our results demonstrated the importance of averaging all geometrical parameters determined from transmission electron microscopy images to build representative models of GNBs. By assessing the performances of LSPR absorption spectra simulations based on a quasi-static approximation, we provided an applicability range of this approach as a function of the nanoparticle size, paving the way to the theoretical study of the coupling between molecular electron densities and metal nanoparticles in GNB-based nanohybrid systems, with potential applications in the design of nanomaterials for bioimaging, optics and photocatalysis.

2.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(22): 10184-10197, 2020 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32368907

RESUMO

In addition to the already described ligand L4a, two pyclen-based lanthanide chelators, L4b and L4c, bearing two specific picolinate two-photon antennas (tailor-made for each targeted metal) and one acetate arm arranged in a dissymmetrical manner, have been synthesized, to form a complete family of lanthanide luminescent bioprobes: [EuL4a], [SmL4a], [YbL4b], [TbL4c], and [DyL4c]. Additionally, the symmetrically arranged regioisomer L4a' was also synthesized as well as its [EuL4a'] complex to highlight the astonishing positive impact of the dissymmetrical N-distribution of the functional chelating arms. The investigation clearly shows the high performance of each bioprobe, which, depending on the complexed lanthanide, could be used in various applications. Each presents high brightness, quantum yields, and lifetimes. Staining of the complexes into living human breast cancer cells was observed. In addition, in vivo two-photon microscopy was performed for the first time on a living zebrafish model with [EuL4a]. No apparent toxicity was detected on the growth of the zebrafish, and images of high quality were obtained.

3.
Chemphyschem ; 21(10): 1036-1043, 2020 05 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176399

RESUMO

Cationic lanthanide complexes are generally able to spontaneously internalize into living cells. Following our previous works based on a diMe-cyclen framework, a second generation of cationic water-soluble lanthanide complexes based on a constrained cross-bridged cyclam macrocycle functionalized with donor-π-conjugated picolinate antennas was prepared with europium(III) and ytterbium(III). Their spectroscopic properties were thoroughly investigated in various solvents and rationalized with the help of DFT calculations. A significant improvement was observed in the case of the Eu3+ complex, while the Yb3+ analogue conserved photophysical properties in aqueous solvent. Two-photon (2P) microscopy imaging experiments on living T24 human cancer cells confirmed the spontaneous internalization of the probes and images with good signal-to-noise ratio were obtained in the classic NIR-to-visible configuration with the Eu3+ luminescent bioprobe and in the NIR-to-NIR with the Yb3+ one.

4.
Molecules ; 25(5)2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32138280

RESUMO

A current trend within photo-dynamic therapy (PDT) is the development of molecular systems targeting hypoxic tumors. Thus, type I PDT sensitizers could here overcome traditional type II molecular systems that rely on the photo-initiated production of toxic singlet oxygen. Here, we investigate the cell localization properties and toxicity of two polymeric anthracene-based fluorescent probes (neutral Ant-PHEA and cationic Ant-PIm). The cell death and DNA damage of Chinese hamster ovary cancer cells (CHO-K1) were characterized as combining PDT, cell survival studies (MTT-assay), and comet assay. Confocal microscopy was utilized on samples incubated together with either DRAQ5, Lyso Tracker Red, or Mito Tracker Deep Red in order to map the localization of the sensitizer into the nucleus and other cell compartments. While Ant-PHEA did not cause significant damage to the cell, Ant-PIm showed increased cell death upon illumination, at the cost of a significant dark toxicity. Both anthracene chromophores localized in cell compartments of the cytosol. Ant-PIm showed a markedly improved selectivity toward lysosomes and mitochondria, two important biological compartments for the cell's survival. None of the two anthracene chromophores showed singlet oxygen formation upon excitation in solvents such as deuterium oxide or methanol. Conclusively, the significant photo-induced cell death that could be observed with Ant-PIm suggests a possible type I PDT mechanism rather than the usual type II mechanism.

5.
J Org Chem ; 84(16): 9965-9974, 2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31319662

RESUMO

In the context of molecular engineering of push-pull dipolar dyes, we introduce a structural modification of the well-known electron-accepting group 2-dicyanomethylidene-3-cyano-4,5,5-trimethyl-2,5-dihydrofuran (TCF). Introduction of a (benzo[d]thiazol-2-yl) moiety failed, and unexpected structures were obtained. On the other hand, phenylthio and phenylsulfonyl entities were successfully introduced at position 3 of the 2-(dicyanomethylidene)-2,5-dihydrofuran ring, giving access to new electron-acceptor groups and dipolar fluorophores displaying near-infrared emission in solution or in the solid state, brighter than their TCF analogues.

6.
Bioconjug Chem ; 30(6): 1649-1657, 2019 06 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31136151

RESUMO

Endotoxin (lipooligosaccharide, LOS, and lipopolysaccharide, LPS) is the major molecular component of Gram-negative bacteria outer membrane, and very potent pro-inflammatory substance. Visualizing and tracking the distribution of the circulating endotoxin is one of the fundamental approaches to understand the molecular aspects of infection with subsequent inflammatory and immune responses, LPS also being a key player in the molecular dialogue between microbiota and host. While fluorescently labeled LPS has previously been used to track its subcellular localization and colocalization with TLR4 receptor and downstream effectors, our knowledge on lipopolysaccharide (LOS) localization and cellular activity remains almost unexplored. In this study, LOS was labeled with a novel fluorophore, Cy7N, featuring a large Stokes-shifted emission in the deep-red spectrum resulting in lower light scattering and better imaging contrast. The LOS-Cy7N chemical identity was determined by mass spectrometry, and immunoreactivity of the conjugate was evaluated. Interestingly, its application to microscopic imaging showed a faster cell internalization compared to LPS-Alexa488, despite that it is also CD14-dependent and undergoes the same endocytic pathway as LPS toward lysosomal detoxification. Our results suggest the use of the new infrared fluorophore Cy7N for cell imaging of labeled LOS by confocal fluorescence microscopy, and propose that LOS is imported in the cells by mechanisms different from those responsible for LPS uptake.


Assuntos
Bactérias/metabolismo , Carbocianinas/química , Lipopolissacarídeos/síntese química , Microscopia/métodos , Endocitose , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Técnicas In Vitro , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo
7.
Chemistry ; 25(38): 9026-9034, 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30972809

RESUMO

Two trispicolinate 1,4,7-triazacyclonane (TACN)-based ligands bearing three picolinate biphotonic antennae were synthetized and their Yb3+ and Gd3+ complexes isolated. One series differs from the other by the absence (L1 )/presence (L2 ) of bromine atoms on the antenna backbone, offering respectively improved optical and singlet-oxygen generation properties. Photophysical properties of the ligands, complexes and micellar Pluronic suspensions were investigated. Complexes exhibit high two-photon absorption cross-section combined either with NIR emission (Yb) or excellent 1 O2 generation (Gd). The very large intersystem crossing efficiency induced by the combination of bromine atom and heavy rare-earth element was corroborated with theoretical calculations. The 1 O2 generation properties of L2 Gd micellar suspension under two-photon activation leads to tumour cell death, suggesting the potential of such structures for theranostic applications.

8.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 10(9): 2214-2219, 2019 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30958006

RESUMO

The intramolecular cooperative effect in branched molecules is a consequence of the interaction and extent of electronic coupling among the different axes of charge transfer. Such an effect is the key to obtain remarkable nonlinear optical response in molecular systems. Here we show that triphenylamine derivative molecules containing only two branches present the strongest electronic interaction between them at the excited state, generating exponential enhancement of the 2PA cross section. The primary factor for such behavior was ascribed to the substantial extent and interaction of the π-electron delocalization promoted by the strong electron-donating and acceptor antisymmetrical groups present in each branch. However, for the three-branch molecules we observed an anticooperative effect, i.e., the 2PA cross section decreases as compared to the one-branch structure as we normalized the signal by the effective π-electron number in each molecule.

9.
Chemphyschem ; 2018 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30198105

RESUMO

A family of europium (III) complexes based on a polydentate ligand functionalized by charge-transfer antennae presents remarkable one- and two-photon photophysical proper-ties in water or buffer. A detailed analysis of their emission properties suggests that the wrapping of the ligand around the central rare-earth ion results in an overall Cs symmetry in agreement with the theoretical simulation and that about 65-70 % of the emission intensity is concentrated in the hypersensitive 5 D0 →7 F2 transition at 615 nm. Their brightness is excellent, in the range of the best lanthanide bioprobes making them very attractive for bio-imaging experiments.

10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(30): 25154-25165, 2018 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29979019

RESUMO

Fluorescent nanoparticles built from aggregation-induced emission-active organic molecules (AIE-FONs) have emerged as powerful tools in life science research for in vivo bioimaging of organs, biosensing, and therapy. However, the practical use of such biotracers has been hindered owing to the difficulty of designing bright nanoparticles with controlled dimensions (typically below 200 nm), narrow size dispersity and long shelf stability. In this article, we present a very simple yet effective approach to produce monodisperse sub-200 nm AIE fluorescent organic solid dispersions with excellent redispersibility and colloidal stability in aqueous medium by combination of nanoprecipitation and freeze-drying procedures. By selecting polymer additives that simultaneously act as stabilizers, promoters of amorphous-crystalline transition, and functionalization/cross-linking platforms, we demonstrate a straightforward access to stable nanocrystalline FONs that exhibit significantly higher brightness than their amorphous precursors and constitute efficient probes for in vivo imaging of the normal and tumor vasculature. FONs design principles reported here are universal, applicable to a range of fluorophores with different chemical structures and crystallization abilities, and are suitable for high-throughput production and manufacturing of functional imaging probes.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Corantes Fluorescentes , Polímeros
13.
Chemistry ; 24(14): 3408-3412, 2018 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29341302

RESUMO

The design of original twisted charge transfer antennae in which a non-planar geometry is enforced thanks to one or two bulky ortho-Me substituents allows us to prepare the corresponding ultra-bright TbIII and DyIII bioprobes. The brightness of the TbIII derivative compares well with that of the benchmark Tb-Lumi4 complex. The first bio-imaging experiments with a DyIII luminescent bioprobe are also reported.

14.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 8(23): 5915-5920, 2017 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29148817

RESUMO

The implication of guanine-rich DNA sequences in biologically important roles such as telomerase dysfunction and the regulation of gene expression has prompted the search for structure-specific G-quadruplex agents for targeted diagnostic and therapeutic applications. Herein, we report on a near-infrared (NIR) two-photon poly(cationic) anthracene-based macromolecule able to selectively target G-quadruplexes (G4s) over genomic double-stranded DNA. In particular, the striking changes in its linear and third-order nonlinear optical properties, combined with the emergence of a strong induced electronic circular dichroism (ECD) signal upon binding to canonical and noncanonical DNA secondary structures allowed for a highly specific detection of several different G4s. Furthermore, through a detailed computational analysis we bring compelling evidence that our probe intercalation within G4s is a thermodynamically favored event, and we fully rationalize the spectroscopic evolution resulting from this complexation event by providing a reasonable explanation regarding the origin of the peculiar ECD effect that accompanies it.


Assuntos
DNA/química , Quadruplex G , Substâncias Macromoleculares , Sequência de Bases , Dicroísmo Circular , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Guanina/química , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Fótons , Termodinâmica
15.
Biomacromolecules ; 18(12): 4022-4033, 2017 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29020442

RESUMO

One of the challenges of photodynamic therapy is to increase the penetration depth of light irradiation in the tumor tissues. Although two-photon excitation strategies have been developed, the two-photon absorption cross sections of clinically used photosensitizers are generally low (below 300 GM). Besides, photosensitizers with high cross section values are often non-water-soluble. In this research work, a whole family of photosensitizer-polymer conjugates was synthesized via the covalent binding of a photosensitizer with a relatively high cross section along a biocompatible copolymer chain. The resulting photosensitizer-polymer conjugates were water-soluble and could be imaged in cellulo by two-photon microscopy thanks to their high two-photon absorption cross sections (up to 2600 GM in water, in the NIR range). In order to explore the structure/photodynamic activity relationship of such macromolecular photosensitizers, the influence of the polymer size, photosensitizer density, and presence of charges along the polymer backbone was investigated (neutral, anionic, cationic, and zwitterionic conjugates were compared). The macromolecular photosensitizers were not cytotoxic in the absence of light irradiation. Their kinetics of cellular uptake in the B16-F10 melanoma cell line were followed by flow cytometry over 24 h. The efficiency of cell death upon photoactivation was found to be highly correlated to the cellular uptake in turn correlated to the global charge of the macromolecular photosensitizer which appeared as the determining structural parameter.


Assuntos
Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Polímeros/química , Polímeros/farmacologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Fluorescência , Substâncias Macromoleculares/farmacologia , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Tamanho da Partícula , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fótons , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
16.
Opt Lett ; 42(11): 2236-2238, 2017 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28569890

RESUMO

Light-induced self-written (LISW) optical waveguides were fabricated for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, using a photopolymerizable resin system formed by 1550 nm pulse laser light. A two-photon absorption (TPA) chromophore with a TPA cross section of several hundred Goeppert-Mayer (GM) at 1550 nm was used. Furthermore, the optical interconnection between a single-mode fiber and a fiber Bragg grating was demonstrated by the present technique, using one-way irradiation of 1550 nm laser light through the single-mode fiber. The LISW waveguide formation using 1550 nm laser light offers a new and promising alternative route for optical interconnection in silicon photonics technology.

17.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 53(44): 6005-6008, 2017 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28516180

RESUMO

An Yb(iii) complex based on a dimethyl cyclen macrocyclic ligand functionalized by charge transfer antennae was prepared. This cationic [YbL3]+ complex is stable and soluble in water and presents interesting photophysical nonlinear properties. It is spontaneously internalized and accumulates in live cells. High quality images have been obtained both in a classical NIR-to-vis configuration and in the more challenging NIR-to-NIR one.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Imagem Óptica , Fótons , Itérbio/química , Cátions/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular , Humanos , Raios Infravermelhos , Conformação Molecular
18.
J Am Chem Soc ; 139(23): 7693-7696, 2017 06 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28551987

RESUMO

Fluorescent probes that are able to directly measure viscosity are attractive candidates for the study of intracellular environments. We report a new class of luminescent rotors, based on the sensitized emission of a terbium(III) complex. A 4-fold increase in both quantum yield and luminescence lifetime was observed in viscous media for the studied complexes, with a lifetime ranging from 0.23 to 0.89 ms over a broad range of viscosities (0.6-1200 cP). The presented approach, relying on the millisecond-scale luminescence lifetime of the lanthanide ions, was applied to fixed T24 cancer cells using temporal sampling lifetime imaging microscopy.

19.
Chem Sci ; 8(1): 381-394, 2017 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28451183

RESUMO

The synthesis of keto-heptamethine derivatives has been expanded to various new symmetrical and asymmetrical structures, including an unprecedented di-anionic keto-polymethine. The spectroscopic behavior of these new dyes has been systematically and thoroughly investigated, revealing that the formation of hydrogen bond interactions with protic solvents is responsible for a dramatic enhancement of the fluorescence quantum yield in the far-red spectral region. The existence of these strong hydrogen-bond interactions was further confirmed by molecular dynamics simulations. These bis-dipolar polymethines exhibit large two-photon absorption (TPA) cross-sections (σ2 in GM) in the near-infrared, making them ideal candidates for NIR-to-NIR two-photon microscopy imaging applications. We demonstrate that the molecular engineering of the hydrophilic/hydrophobic balance enables targeting of different cellular components, such as cytoplasm or cell membranes. Addition of appropriate substituents provides the molecule with high-water-solubility, affording efficient two-photon probes for angiography.

20.
ACS Omega ; 2(9): 5715-5725, 2017 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30023750

RESUMO

The binding interaction of a biocompatible water-soluble polycationic two-photon fluorophore (Ant-PIm) toward human serum albumin (HSA) was thoroughly investigated under simulated physiological conditions using a combination of steady-state, time-resolved, and two-photon excited fluorescence techniques. The emission properties of both Ant-PIm and the fluorescent amino acid residues in HSA undergo remarkable changes upon complexation allowing the thermodynamic profile associated with Ant-PIm-HSA complexation to be accurately established. The marked increase in Ant-PIm fluorescence intensity and quantum yield in the proteinous environment seems to be the outcome of the attenuation of radiationless decay pathways resulting from motional restriction imposed on the fluorophore. Fluorescence resonance energy transfer and site-marker competitive experiments provide conclusive evidence that the binding of Ant-PIm preferentially occurs within the subdomain IIA. The pronounced hypsochromic effect and increased fluorescence enhancement upon association with HSA, compared to that of bovine serum albumin (BSA) and other biological interferents, makes the polymeric Ant-PIm probe a valuable sensing agent in rather complex biological environments, allowing facile discrimination between the closely related HSA and BSA. Furthermore, the strong two-photon absorption (TPA) with a maximum located at 820 nm along with a TPA cross section σ2 > 800 GM, and the marked changes in the position and intensity of the band upon complexation definitely make Ant-PIm a promising probe for two-photon excited fluorescence-based discrimination of HSA from BSA.

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