Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 131
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725262

RESUMO

The concern about the offspring's health is one of the reasons for a reduced family size of women with rheumatic diseases (RD). Increased risk of autoimmune diseases (AD) and neurodevelopmental disorders (ND) has been reported in children born to patients with RD. Within a nationwide survey about reproductive issues of women with RD, we aimed at exploring the long-term outcome of their children. By surveying 398 patients who received their diagnosis of RD during childbearing age (before the age of 45), information about the offspring were obtained from 230 women who declared to have had children. A total of 148 (64.3%) patients were affected by connective tissue diseases (CTD) and 82 (35.7%) by chronic arthritis. Data on 299 children (156 males, 52.1%; mean age at the time of interview 17.1 ± 9.7 years) were collected. Twelve children (4.0%), who were born to patients with CTD in 75% of the cases, were affected by AD (8 cases of celiac disease). Eleven children had a certified diagnosis of ND (3.6%; 6 cases of learning disabilities); 9 of them were born to mothers with CTD (5 after maternal diagnosis). No association was found between ND and prenatal exposure to either maternal autoantibodies or anti-rheumatic drugs. Absolute numbers of offspring affected by AD and ND were low in a multicentre cohort of Italian women with RD. This information can be helpful for the counselling about reproductive issues, as the health outcomes of the offspring might not be an issue which discourage women with RD from having children.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33590843

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether disease remission or low disease activity state at the beginning of pregnancy in SLE patients is associated with better pregnancy outcome. METHODS: pregnancies in SLE patients prospectively monitored by pregnancy clinics at four rheumatology centres were enrolled. Patient demographics and clinical information were collected at baseline (pregnancy visit before 8 weeks of gestation) including whether patients were in remission according to DORIS criteria and and/or Lupus Low Disease Activity State (LLDAS). Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to determine predictors of disease flare and adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs) including preeclampsia, preterm delivery, small for gestational age infant, intrauterine growth restriction and intrauterine fetal death. RESULTS: 347 pregnancies were observed in 281 SLE patients. Excluding early pregnancy losses, 212 pregnancies (69.7%) occurred in patients who were in remission at baseline, 33 (10.9%) in patients in LLDAS, and the remainder in active patients. 73 flares (24%) were observed during pregnancy or puerperium, and 105 (34.5%) APOs occurred. Multivariate analysis revealed that patients in disease remission or taking hydroxychloroquine were less likely to have disease flare, while a history of lupus nephritis increased the risk. The risk of APOs was increased in patients with shorter disease duration, while being on hydroxychloroquine resulted a protective variable. An almost significant association between complete remission and a decreased risk of APOs was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Prenatal planning with a firm treat-to-target goal of disease remission is an important strategy to reduce the risk of disease flares and severe obstetrical complications in SLE pregnancies.

3.
Expert Opin Drug Saf ; : 1-14, 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33599570

RESUMO

Introduction: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) mainly affects young females during childbearing age; therefore, reproductive issues are of major interest.Areas covered: Pregnancy planning is crucial to adjust the treatment toward drugs that are safe throughout pregnancy and breastfeeding. The evidence about drug safety is limited to post-marketing surveillance, registries, case series, and case reports, as pregnant patients are excluded from randomized clinical trials. The aim of this review is to report the safety considerations when treating pregnant SLE patients. Regarding maternal side effects of drugs, we focused on metabolic, infectious, and hemorrhagic complications. Fetal safety was analyzed looking at drugs teratogenicity, their possible effects on immune system, and on the long-term neuropsychological development of children.Expert opinion: The management of pregnancy in SLE has changed when knowledge about the safety of drugs has become available. Keeping SLE disease activity under control before, during and after pregnancy is of fundamental importance to ensure the best possible outcomes for mother and child. All these issues must be discussed with the patient and her family during preconception counseling. International efforts in terms of pregnancy registries and reproductive health guidelines help physicians improve their communication with SLE patients.

5.
Front Immunol ; 11: 584241, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33178218

RESUMO

Background: Critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have a profound hypercoagulable state and often develop coagulopathy which leads to organ failure and death. Because of a prolonged activated partial-thromboplastin time (aPTT), a relationship with anti-phospholipid antibodies (aPLs) has been proposed, but results are controversial. Functional assays for aPL (i.e., lupus anticoagulant) can be influenced by concomitant anticoagulation and/or high levels of C reactive protein. The presence of anti-cardiolipin (aCL), anti-beta2-glycoprotein I (anti-ß2GPI), and anti-phosphatidylserine/prothrombin (aPS/PT) antibodies was not investigated systematically. Epitope specificity of anti-ß2GPI antibodies was not reported. Objective: To evaluate the prevalence and the clinical association of aPL in a large cohort of COVID-19 patients, and to characterize the epitope specificity of anti-ß2GPI antibodies. Methods: ELISA and chemiluminescence assays were used to test 122 sera of patients suffering from severe COVID-19. Of them, 16 displayed major thrombotic events. Results: Anti-ß2GPI IgG/IgA/IgM was the most frequent in 15.6/6.6/9.0% of patients, while aCL IgG/IgM was detected in 5.7/6.6% by ELISA. Comparable values were found by chemiluminescence. aPS/PT IgG/IgM were detectable in 2.5 and 9.8% by ELISA. No association between thrombosis and aPL was found. Reactivity against domain 1 and 4-5 of ß2GPI was limited to 3/58 (5.2%) tested sera for each domain and did not correlate with aCL/anti-ß2GPI nor with thrombosis. Conclusions: aPL show a low prevalence in COVID-19 patients and are not associated with major thrombotic events. aPL in COVID-19 patients are mainly directed against ß2GPI but display an epitope specificity different from antibodies in antiphospholipid syndrome.

6.
Autoimmun Rev ; 19(12): 102685, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33115633

RESUMO

Autoimmune rheumatic diseases (ARDs) are chronic conditions with a striking female predominance, frequently affecting women of childbearing age. Sex hormones and gender dimorphism of immune response are major determinants in the multifactorial pathogenesis of ARDs, with significant implications throughout reproductive life. Particularly, pregnancy represents a challenging condition in the context of autoimmunity, baring profound hormonal and immunologic changes, which are responsible for the bi-directional interaction between ARDs outcome and pregnancy course. In the latest years epigenetics has proven to be an important player in ARDs pathogenesis, finely modulating major immune functions and variably tuning the significant gender effects in autoimmunity. Additionally, epigenetics is a recognised influencer of the physiological dynamic modifications occurring during pregnancy. Still, there is currently little evidence on the pregnancy-related epigenetic modulation of immune response in ARDs patients. This review aims to overview the current knowledge of the role of epigenetics in the context of autoimmunity, as well as during physiologic and pathologic pregnancy, discussing under-regarded aspects in the interplay between ARDs and pregnancy pathology. The outline of a new ongoing European project will be presented.

7.
J Thromb Haemost ; 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33128325

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Trial of Rivaroxaban in AntiPhospholipid Syndrome was a prospective randomized, open-label, noninferiority study conducted in 14 centers in Italy. Rivaroxaban was compared with warfarin for the prevention of thromboembolic events, major bleeding, and vascular death in high-risk, triple-positive patients with antiphospholipid syndrome. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to report the events during the 2-year follow-up after the study closure. METHODS: On January 28, 2018, the trial was prematurely stopped by adjudication and safety committee for an excess of events in the rivaroxaban group. Randomized patients were advised on trial results and those randomized to rivaroxaban were solicited to switch to warfarin. All 14 participating centers were asked and accepted to follow their patients for clinical events. This report describes the rate of events that occurred between January 28, 2018, and January 28, 2020. RESULTS: Of 120 randomized patients, 115 were available for follow-up. Outcome events were two in six (33.3%) patients who remained on direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) and six in 109 (5.7%) patients on warfarin (hazard ratio [HR] 6.9; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.4-34.5, P = .018). The two patients on DOACs (one taking dabigatran and one taking rivaroxaban) suffered from thromboembolic events, whereas of the six patients with composite outcomes on warfarin, three had thromboembolic events (HR for thrombosis 13.3; 95% CI 2.2-79.9, P = .005). CONCLUSION: These data further support the use of warfarin in high-risk patients with antiphospholipid syndrome.

8.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055080

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: There is an urgent need for robust data on the trajectories and outcomes of pregnancies in women with inflammatory rheumatic diseases (IRD). In particular when rare outcomes or rare diseases are to be investigated, collaborative approaches are required. However, joint data analyses are often limited by the heterogeneity of the different data sources.To facilitate future research collaboration, a European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Task Force defined a core data set with a minimum of items to be collected by pregnancy registries in rheumatology covering the period of pregnancy and the 28-day neonatal phase in women with any underlying IRD. METHODS: A stepwise process included a two-round Delphi survey and a face-to-face meeting to achieve consensus about relevant items. RESULTS: A total of 64 multidisciplinary stakeholders from 14 different countries participated in the two rounds of the Delphi process. During the following face-to-face meeting of the EULAR Task Force, consensus was reached on 51 main items covering 'maternal information', 'pregnancy' and 'treatment'. Generic instruments for assessment are recommended for every item. Furthermore, for the five most frequent IRDs rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus and other connective tissue diseases, disease-specific laboratory markers and disease activity measurements are proposed. CONCLUSION: This is the first consensus-based core data set for prospective pregnancy registries in rheumatology. Its purpose is to stimulate and facilitate multinational collaborations that aim to increase the knowledge about pregnancy course and safety of treatment in women with IRDs during pregnancy.

9.
Biomolecules ; 10(10)2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053910

RESUMO

Autoimmune/inflammatory syndrome induced by adjuvants (ASIA) was first introduced in 2011 by Shoenfeld et al. and encompasses a cluster of related immune mediated diseases, which develop among genetically prone individuals as a result of adjuvant agent exposure. Since the recognition of ASIA syndrome, more than 4400 documented cases have been reported so far, illustrated by heterogeneous clinical manifestations and severity. In this review, five enigmatic conditions, including sarcoidosis, Sjögren's syndrome, undifferentiated connective tissue disease, silicone implant incompatibility syndrome (SIIS), and immune-related adverse events (irAEs), are defined as classical examples of ASIA. Certainly, these disorders have been described after an adjuvant stimulus (silicone implantation, drugs, infections, metals, vaccines, etc.) among genetically predisposed individuals (mainly the HLA-DRB1 and PTPN22 gene), which induce an hyperstimulation of the immune system resulting in the production of autoantibodies, eventually leading to the development of autoimmune diseases. Circulating autonomic autoantibodies in the sera of patients with silicone breast implants, as well as anatomopathological aspects of small fiber neuropathy in their skin biopsies have been recently described. To our knowledge, these novel insights serve as a common explanation to the non-specific clinical manifestations reported in patients with ASIA, leading to the redefinition of the ASIA syndrome diagnostic criteria.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32986935

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe baseline characteristics of antiphospholipid antibody (aPL)-positive patients, overall and by clinical and laboratory subtypes, enrolled in an international registry. METHODS: AntiPhospholipid Syndrome Alliance for Clinical Trials and InternatiOnal Networking Registry includes persistently aPL-positive adults. We evaluated baseline sociodemographic and aPL-related (APS classification criteria and "non-criteria") characteristics of patients overall and in subgroups (aPL-positive without APS, APS overall, thrombotic APS [TAPS] only, obstetric APS [OAPS] only, and both TAPS/OAPS). We assessed baseline characteristics of patients tested for three aPL (lupus anticoagulant test [LA], anticardiolipin antibody [aCL], and anti-ß2 -Glycoprotein-I [aß2 GPI]) by aPL profiles (LA only, single, double, and triple aPL positivity). RESULTS: Of 804 aPL-positive patients (mean age: 45 ± 13y; female: 74%; white 68%; other systemic autoimmune diseases: 36%), 80% were classified as APS (55% TAPS, 9% OAPS, and 15% TAPS/OAPS). In the overall cohort, 71% had vascular thrombosis, 50% with pregnancy history had obstetric morbidity, and 56% had at least one non-criteria manifestation. Among those with three aPL tested (n: 660), 42% were triple aPL positive. While single, double and triple aPL positive subgroups had similar frequencies of vascular, obstetric, and non-criteria events, these events were lowest in the single aPL subgroup consisting of aCL or aß2 GPI only. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates the heterogeneity of aPL-related clinical manifestations and laboratory profiles in a multicenter, international cohort. Within single aPL-positivity, LA may be a major contributor to clinical events. Future prospective analyses, using standardized core laboratory aPL tests, will help clarify aPL risk profiles and improve risk stratification.

11.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32945981

RESUMO

To study disease activity during pregnancy and obstetric outcomes in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) upon different subsets and with focus on medication use. Retrospective observational study of 22 pregnancies in 16 JIA patients (95.5% Caucasian) who were followed between 2010 and 2018. Disease activity, flares and medications were recorded before conception, during each trimester and postpartum period. Pregnancies occurred in 10 (45.5%) oligoarticular extended (OLA-E), 6 (27.3%) in polyarticular (PLA), 4 in (18.2%) systemic (SYS), 1 (4.5%) in oligoarticular persistent (OLA-P) and 1 (4.5%) in enthesitis-related arthritis (ERA) JIA patients. The median age at disease diagnosis and at conception was 5.5 and 28 years (respectively). The median disease duration was 20 years. Nineteen (95%) pregnancies started in a period of stable disease remission. Among the 22 pregnancies, 20 ended with a live birth (90.9%). No spontaneous miscarriages occurred; two voluntary interruption of pregnancy were performed. There were 7 flares in 6/20 pregnancies (35%) and 8 flares (8/22, 36.4%) occurred in postpartum period, all of them in OLA-E and PLA patients. Seven patients (35%) were taking biological disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) at conception, and 6 of them stopped this treatment at positive pregnancy test. Five patients resumed bDMARDs either during pregnancy (3 exposed during the third trimester) or puerperium due to a flare. Four preterm deliveries (20%) were recorded, all in patients who had a flare during pregnancy. The preconception counselling should include the evaluation of disease subset, as OLA-E and PLA may flare more than other subsets, especially if bDMARDs are discontinued at positive pregnancy test. Continuation of bDMARDs during pregnancy should be considered to minimize the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, particularly preterm delivery. Key Points • In our cohort, all the flares during pregnancy and 75% of postpartum flares were observed in patients who withdrew bDMARDs and cDMARDs at the beginning of pregnancy. • Flares were observed only in PLA and OLA-E patients. • Preterm delivery occurred in 20% of the pregnancies; all of these patients had a disease flare during pregnancy.

12.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32940209

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The AQUEOUS (Anti-phospholipid syndrome: a QUEstionnaire for yOUng patientS) study aimed to assess how the diagnosis of primary anti-phospholipid syndrome (PAPS) affects the psychosocial status of young patients. METHODS: Subjects with PAPS aged 18-45 years were invited to compile an ad hoc designed questionnaire and the Short Form-12 to assess quality of life (QoL). RESULTS: Ninety-two patients (83.7% females) were recruited in 10 Italian centres. Vascular and obstetric manifestations were equally represented. Nearly half of the patients perceived the need for psychological support, 89.2% when considering women after pregnancy complications. Social activities and working efficiency were reduced in APS patients, also intimacy was threatened. In all cases, fatigue appeared to be the main determinant. PAPS affected family planning, due to fears of treatment side-effects, disease hereditariness, inability to care for the newborn child. Fertility appeared to be conserved: the median time to pregnancy was 2 months; assisted reproduction techniques were pursued by 5 women. Our survey documented significantly lower rates of hospitalisation and learning disabilities in 51 children born after APS diagnosis as compared to 48 children born before. PAPS patients displayed lower QoL in physical and, to a greater extent, mental scores compared to the general Italian population. Both components were significantly lower in women and in patients with fatigue. CONCLUSIONS: The AQUEOUS study assessed for the first time the unmet needs of young PAPS patients, enabling the development of a future "youth-focused" strategy to reduce disease burden.

13.
Blood Rev ; : 100745, 2020 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32868115

RESUMO

COVID-19 is a new pandemic, caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-CoronaVirus-2 (SARS-Cov2) infection and characterized by a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations. Inflammation and the innate immune system have been recently recognized as pivotal players in the most severe forms, characterized by significantly elevated levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines. In this setting, several studies have also reported the presence of abnormalities in coagulation parameters and platelets count, possibly identifying a subgroup of patients with poor prognosis. Some reports of full-blown thromboembolic events are emerging. Among the possible mechanisms underlying coagulation dysfunction, the so-called "cytokine storm" seems to play a pivotal role. Other candidate factors include virus-specific mechanisms, related to the virus interaction with renin angiotensin system (RAS) and the fibrinolytic pathway, but also comorbidities affecting these patients. Coagulation dysfunction is therefore a candidate risk factor for adverse outcomes in COVID-19 and should be carefully addressed in clinical practice.

14.
Lupus ; 29(11): 1336-1345, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32752918

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disease that affects women in childbearing age. In recent years, great improvements were achieved in the management of pregnancies in these women. Prematurity could be an issue in these pregnancies, mainly due to the direct pathogenic effect of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) on the placental surface. Maternal IgG aPL can cross the placenta and theoretically interact with the growing fetus; it could reach the fetal brain because of the incompleteness of the fetal blood-brain barrier: whether this can have an effect on brain development is still debated. Neonatal thrombosis episodes have been described in children positive for aPL, not always associated with maternal antibody positivity, suggesting the hypothesis of a possible aPL de novo synthesis in fetus and neonates. METHODS: A keyword-based literature search was conducted. We also described a case of neonatal catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS). RESULTS: Offspring of patients with APS are generally healthy but the occurrence of neonatal thrombosis or minor neurological disorders were reported. CONCLUSIONS: The limited number of the available data on this sensitive issue supports the need for further studies. Clinical follow-up of children of mothers with APS seems to be important to exclude, in the neonatal period, the occurrence of aPL associated pathological events such as thrombosis, and in the long-term, impairment in learning skills or behavioral problems.

15.
Rheumatol Int ; 2020 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32770270

RESUMO

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) affects women of childbearing age. To optimize fetal and maternal outcomes, effective reproductive health counseling is crucial. To analyze the effectiveness of reproductive health counseling in women with SLE and identify gaps in patient educational needs. Cross-sectional study including women aged 18-45 years fulfilling ACR'97 and/or SLICC criteria, followed at an academic lupus clinic. Participants fulfilled a questionnaire evaluating brief obstetric history, knowledge about impact of SLE in pregnancy outcomes, recall of reproductive health counseling, contraception use and reproductive healthcare received. Effectiveness of reproductive health counseling was analyzed, and potential predictors of contraceptive use (age, previous spontaneous abortion, level of knowledge about SLE and reproductive planning) were tested by multiple regression analysis. We enrolled 108 women (mean age: 34.4 ± 7.1 years; mean disease duration: 10.3 ± 7.3 years). 64.8% of the patients recalled receiving information about family planning, and 81% about contraception. Only 38% declared to be well informed about the impact of SLE on pregnancy. In this cohort, 23.2% wanted a pregnancy in the future; the remainder already had the children they wanted or planned a subsequent pregnancy. Contraceptive use was reported by 79.6% of the patients (oral contraceptives by 39.8% and intrauterine device by 20.4%), while 11.1% reported unprotected intercourses. No statistically significant predictors of contraceptive use were identified. In this academic Lupus Clinic, most SLE women of childbearing age received effective reproductive health counseling and use contraceptive methods. Their unmet needs were identified to guide optimization of patient counseling.

16.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(10): 1286-1289, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732245

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The outbreak of COVID-19 posed the issue of urgently identifying treatment strategies. Colchicine was considered for this purpose based on well-recognised anti-inflammatory effects and potential antiviral properties. In the present study, colchicine was proposed to patients with COVID-19, and its effects compared with 'standard-of-care' (SoC). METHODS: In the public hospital of Esine, northern Italy, 140 consecutive inpatients, with virologically and radiographically confirmed COVID-19 admitted in the period 5-19 March 2020, were treated with 'SoC' (hydroxychloroquine and/or intravenous dexamethasone; and/or lopinavir/ritonavir). They were compared with 122 consecutive inpatients, admitted between 19 March and 5 April 2020, treated with colchicine (1 mg/day) and SoC (antiviral drugs were stopped before colchicine, due to potential interaction). RESULTS: Patients treated with colchicine had a better survival rate as compared with SoC at 21 days of follow-up (84.2% (SE=3.3%) vs 63.6% (SE=4.1%), p=0.001). Cox proportional hazards regression survival analysis showed that a lower risk of death was independently associated with colchicine treatment (HR=0.151 (95% CI 0.062 to 0.368), p<0.0001), whereas older age, worse PaO2/FiO2, and higher serum levels of ferritin at entry were associated with a higher risk. CONCLUSION: This proof-of-concept study may support the rationale of use of colchicine for the treatment of COVID-19. Efficacy and safety must be determined in controlled clinical trials.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Colchicina/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , /tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Combinação de Medicamentos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Itália , Lopinavir/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Estudo de Prova de Conceito , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , /mortalidade , Ritonavir/uso terapêutico , Taxa de Sobrevida
17.
Lancet Rheumatol ; 2(9): e549-e556, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32838307

RESUMO

Background: The highest number of COVID-19 cases in Italy have been reported in Lombardy, a region in northern Italy. We aimed to analyse the course of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in patients with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases living in a district of Lombardy with a high prevalence of COVID-19. Methods: We did a single-centre observational study at the Azienda Socio Sanitaria Territoriale (ASST) Spedali Civili of Brescia, Italy. We collected data from patients with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases enrolled in our outpatient clinic to identify confirmed or possible cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Data were collected through a survey that was administered via telephone or in the outpatient clinic by rheumatologists. We also did a case-control study of all patients with confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia and rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases who were admitted to the ASST Spedali Civili of Brescia during the study period. Cases were matched by age, sex, and month of hospital admission to at least two controls admitted to the same hospital for COVID-19 pneumonia during the study period. Findings: Between Feb 24 and May 1, 2020, we collected data from 1525 patients with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases: 117 (8%) presented with symptoms that were compatible with COVID-19. 65 patients had a swab confirmation of SARS-CoV-2 infection, whereas 52 presented with a spectrum of symptoms indicative of COVID-19 but were not swab tested. Patients with confirmed COVID-19 were older than those with suspected COVID-19 (median age 68 [IQR 55-76] years vs 57 [49-67] years; p=0·0010) and more likely to have arterial hypertension (33 [51%] vs 14 [27%] patients; odds ratio [OR] 2·8 [95% CI 1·3-6·1]; p=0·031) and obesity (11 [17%] vs 1 [2%]; OR 11·0 [1·3-83·4]; p=0·0059). We found no differences in rheumatological disease or background therapy between confirmed and suspected COVID-19 cases. 47 (72%) of the 65 patients with confirmed COVID-19 developed pneumonia that required admission to hospital. 12 (10%) deaths occurred among the 117 patients with confirmed or suspected COVID-19 (ten in those with confirmed COVID-19 and two in those with suspected COVID-19). Deceased patients with confirmed COVID-19 were older than survivors (median age 78·8 years [IQR 75·3-81·3] vs 65·5 years [53·3-74·0]; p=0·0002). We observed no differences in sex, comorbidities, or therapies between the deceased patients and survivors. The case-control study comprised 26 patients with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases and COVID-19 pneumonia and 62 matched controls. We found no significant differences between cases and controls in duration of COVID-19 symptoms before admission, duration of stay in hospital, or the local chest X-ray scoring system. Glucocorticoids were used for severe respiratory manifestations related to lung involvement in 17 (65%) of 26 cases and tocilizumab in six (23%) of 26; thrombotic events occurred in four (15%) of 26 cases. Four (15%) of 26 cases and six (10%) of 62 controls died during the study period. Interpretation: In this cohort of patients with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases in a geographical region with a high prevalence of COVID-19, a poor outcome from COVID-19 seems to be associated with older age and the presence of comorbidities rather than the type of rheumatic disease or the degree of pharmacological immunosuppression. Funding: None.

19.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 38(4): 748-753, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32723435

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Italy was one of the first countries significantly affected by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic. The Italian Society for Rheumatology promptly launched a retrospective and anonymised data collection to monitor COVID-19 in patients with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs), the CONTROL-19 surveillance database, which is part of the COVID-19 Global Rheumatology Alliance. METHODS: CONTROL-19 includes patients with RMDs and proven severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) updated until May 3rd 2020. In this analysis, only molecular diagnoses were included. The data collection covered demographic data, medical history (general and RMD-related), treatments and COVID-19 related features, treatments, and outcome. In this paper, we report the first descriptive data from the CONTROL-19 registry. RESULTS: The population of the first 232 patients (36% males) consisted mainly of elderly patients (mean age 62.2 years), who used corticosteroids (51.7%), and suffered from multi-morbidity (median comorbidities 2). Rheumatoid arthritis was the most frequent disease (34.1%), followed by spondyloarthritis (26.3%), connective tissue disease (21.1%) and vasculitis (11.2%). Most cases had an active disease (69.4%). Clinical presentation of COVID-19 was typical, with systemic symptoms (fever and asthenia) and respiratory symptoms. The overall outcome was severe, with high frequencies of hospitalisation (69.8%), respiratory support oxygen (55.7%), non-invasive ventilation (20.9%) or mechanical ventilation (7.5%), and 19% of deaths. Male patients typically manifested a worse prognosis. Immunomodulatory treatments were not significantly associated with an increased risk of intensive care unit admission/mechanical ventilation/death. CONCLUSIONS: Although the report mainly includes the most severe cases, its temporal and spatial trend supports the validity of the national surveillance system. More complete data are being acquired in order to both test the hypothesis that RMD patients may have a different outcome from that of the general population and determine the safety of immunomodulatory treatments.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Doenças Reumáticas/complicações , Reumatologia , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , Monitoramento Epidemiológico , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doenças Reumáticas/virologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...