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1.
Trials ; 22(1): 595, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488845

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic lower limb ischemia develops earlier and more frequently in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetes remains the main cause of lower-extremity non-traumatic amputations. Current medical treatment, based on antiplatelet therapy and statins, has demonstrated deficient improvement of the disease. In recent years, research has shown that it is possible to improve tissue perfusion through therapeutic angiogenesis. Both in animal models and humans, it has been shown that cell therapy can induce therapeutic angiogenesis, making mesenchymal stromal cell-based therapy one of the most promising therapeutic alternatives. The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of cell therapy based on mesenchymal stromal cells derived from adipose tissue intramuscular administration to patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with critical limb ischemia and without possibility of revascularization. METHODS: A multicenter, randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial has been designed. Ninety eligible patients will be randomly assigned at a ratio 1:1:1 to one of the following: control group (n = 30), low-cell dose treatment group (n = 30), and high-cell dose treatment group (n = 30). Treatment will be administered in a single-dose way and patients will be followed for 12 months. Primary outcome (safety) will be evaluated by measuring the rate of adverse events within the study period. Secondary outcomes (efficacy) will be measured by assessing clinical, analytical, and imaging-test parameters. Tertiary outcome (quality of life) will be evaluated with SF-12 and VascuQol-6 scales. DISCUSSION: Chronic lower limb ischemia has limited therapeutic options and constitutes a public health problem in both developed and underdeveloped countries. Given that the current treatment is not established in daily clinical practice, it is essential to provide evidence-based data that allow taking a step forward in its clinical development. Also, the multidisciplinary coordination exercise needed to develop this clinical trial protocol will undoubtfully be useful to conduct academic clinical trials in the field of cell therapy in the near future. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04466007 . Registered on January 07, 2020. All items from the World Health Organization Trial Registration Data Set are included within the body of the protocol.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Noma , Tecido Adiposo , Animais , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico , Isquemia/terapia , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , SARS-CoV-2 , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Pharmaceutics ; 13(8)2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34452230

RESUMO

The use of allogeneic adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (alloADSCs) represents an attractive approach for treating myocardial infarction (MI). Furthermore, adding a natural support improves alloADSCs engraftment and survival in heart tissues, leading to a greater therapeutic effect. We aimed to examine the safety and immunological reaction induced by epicardial implantation of a clinical-grade collagen scaffold (CS) seeded with alloADSCs for its future application in humans. Thus, cellularized scaffolds were myocardially or subcutaneously implanted in immunosuppressed rodent models. The toxicological parameters were not significantly altered, and tumor formation was not found over the short or long term. Furthermore, biodistribution analyses in the infarcted immunocompetent rats displayed cell engraftment in the myocardium but no migration to other organs. The immunogenicity of alloADSC-CS was also evaluated in a preclinical porcine model of chronic MI; no significant humoral or cellular alloreactive responses were found. Moreover, CS cellularized with human ADSCs cocultured with human allogeneic immune cells produced no alloreactive response. Interestingly, alloADSC-CS significantly inhibited lymphocyte responses, confirming its immunomodulatory action. Thus, alloADSC-CS is likely safe and does not elicit any alloreactive immunological response in the host. Moreover, it exerts an immunomodulatory action, which supports its translation to a clinical setting.

3.
ERJ Open Res ; 7(2)2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34195252

RESUMO

Rationale: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) has a dismal prognosis. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have shown benefit in other inflammatory diseases. Objectives: To evaluate the safety and feasibility of endobronchial administration of bone marrow autologous MSCs (BM-MSC) in patients with mild-to-moderate IPF. Methods: A phase I multicentre clinical trial (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01919827) with a single endobronchial administration of autologous adult BM-MSCs in patients diagnosed with mild-to-moderate IPF. In a first escalating-dose phase, three patients were included sequentially in three dose cohorts (10×106, 50×106 and 100×106 cells). In a second phase, nine patients received the highest tolerated dose. Follow-up with pulmonary function testing, 6-min walk test and St George's Respiratory Questionnaire was done at 1, 2, 3, 6 and 12 months, and with computed tomography at 3, 6 and 12 months. Results: 21 bone marrow samples were obtained from 17 patients. Three patients were excluded from treatment due to chromosome aberrations detected in MSCs after culture, and one patient died before treatment. Finally, 13 patients received the BM-MSC infusion. No treatment-related severe adverse events were observed during follow-up. Compared to baseline, the mean forced vital capacity showed an initial decline of 8.1% at 3 months. The number of patients without functional progression was six (46%) at 3 months and three (23%) at 12 months. Conclusions: The endobronchial infusion of BM-MSCs did not cause immediate serious adverse events in IPF patients, but a relevant proportion of patients suffered clinical and/or functional progression. Genomic instability of BM-MSCs during culture found in three patients may be troublesome for the use of autologous MSCs in IPF patients.

5.
J Transl Med ; 18(1): 356, 2020 09 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32948200

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stromal cells are a safe and promising option to treat knee osteoarthritis as previously demonstrated in different clinical trials. However, their efficacy, optimal dose and addition of adjuvants must be determined. Here, we evaluated the clinical effects of a dose of 100 × 106 bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSCs) in combination with Platelet Rich Plasma (PRGF®) as adjuvant in a randomized clinical trial. METHODS: A phase II, multicenter, randomized clinical trial with active control was conducted. Sixty patients diagnosed with knee OA were randomly assigned to 3 weekly doses of PRGF® or intraarticular administration of 100 × 106 cultured autologous BM-MSCs plus PRGF®. Patients were followed up for 12 months, and pain and function were assessed using VAS and WOMAC and by measuring the knee range of motion range. X-ray and magnetic resonance imaging analyses were performed to analyze joint damage. RESULTS: No adverse effects were reported after BM-MSC administration or during follow-up. According to VAS, the mean value (SD) for PRGF® and BM-MSC with PRGF® went from 5 (1.8) to 4.5 (2.2) (p = 0.389) and from 5.3 (1.9) to 3.5 (2.5) (p = 0.01), respectively at 12 months. In WOMAC, the mean (SD) baseline and 12-month overall WOMAC scores in patients treated with PRGF® was 31.9 (16.2) and 22.3 (15.8) respectively (p = 0.002) while that for patients treated with BM-MSC plus PRGF® was 33.4 (18.7) and 23.0 (16.6) (p = 0.053). Although statistical significances between groups have been not detected, only patients being treated with BM-MSC plus PRGF® could be considered as a OA treatment responders following OARSI criteria. X-ray and MRI (WORMS protocol) revealed no changes in knee joint space width or joint damage. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with BM-MSC associated with PRGF® was shown to be a viable therapeutic option for osteoarthritis of the knee, with clinical improvement at the end of follow-up. Further phase III clinical trials would be necessary to confirm the efficacy. Trial registration Clinical Trials.gov identifier NCT02365142. Nº EudraCT: 2011-006036-23.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Humanos , Injeções Intra-Articulares , Osteoartrite do Joelho/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
EClinicalMedicine ; 25: 100454, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32838232

RESUMO

Background: Identification of effective treatments in severe cases of COVID-19 requiring mechanical ventilation represents an unmet medical need. Our aim was to determine whether the administration of adipose-tissue derived mesenchymal stromal cells (AT-MSC) is safe and potentially useful in these patients. Methods: Thirteen COVID-19 adult patients under invasive mechanical ventilation who had received previous antiviral and/or anti-inflammatory treatments (including steroids, lopinavir/ritonavir, hydroxychloroquine and/or tocilizumab, among others) were treated with allogeneic AT-MSC. Ten patients received two doses, with the second dose administered a median of 3 days (interquartile range-IQR- 1 day) after the first one. Two patients received a single dose and another patient received 3 doses. Median number of cells per dose was 0.98 × 106 (IQR 0.50 × 106) AT-MSC/kg of recipient's body weight. Potential adverse effects related to cell infusion and clinical outcome were assessed. Additional parameters analyzed included changes in imaging, analytical and inflammatory parameters. Findings: First dose of AT-MSC was administered at a median of 7 days (IQR 12 days) after mechanical ventilation. No adverse events were related to cell therapy. With a median follow-up of 16 days (IQR 9 days) after the first dose, clinical improvement was observed in nine patients (70%). Seven patients were extubated and discharged from ICU while four patients remained intubated (two with an improvement in their ventilatory and radiological parameters and two in stable condition). Two patients died (one due to massive gastrointestinal bleeding unrelated to MSC therapy). Treatment with AT-MSC was followed by a decrease in inflammatory parameters (reduction in C-reactive protein, IL-6, ferritin, LDH and d-dimer) as well as an increase in lymphocytes, particularly in those patients with clinical improvement. Interpretation: Treatment with intravenous administration of AT-MSC in 13 severe COVID-19 pneumonia under mechanical ventilation in a small case series did not induce significant adverse events and was followed by clinical and biological improvement in most subjects. Funding: None.

7.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1151, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31231366

RESUMO

Cell therapy is a progressively growing field that is rapidly moving from preclinical model development to clinical application. Outcomes obtained from clinical trials reveal the therapeutic potential of stem cell-based therapy to deal with unmet medical treatment needs for several disorders with no therapeutic options. Among adult stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are the leading cell type used in advanced therapies for the treatment of autoimmune, inflammatory and vascular diseases. To date, the safety and feasibility of autologous MSC-based therapy has been established; however, their indiscriminate use has resulted in mixed outcomes in preclinical and clinical studies. While MSCs derived from diverse tissues share common properties depending on the type of clinical application, they markedly differ within clinical trials in terms of efficacy, resulting in many unanswered questions regarding the application of MSCs. Additionally, our experience in clinical trials related to critical limb ischemia pathology (CLI) shows that the therapeutic efficacy of these cells in different animal models has only been partially reproduced in humans through clinical trials. Therefore, it is crucial to develop new research to identify pitfalls, to optimize procedures and to clarify the repair mechanisms used by these cells, as well as to be able to offer a next generation of stem cell that can be routinely used in a cost-effective and safe manner in stem cell-based therapies targeting CLI.

8.
J Transl Med ; 16(1): 213, 2018 07 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30064455

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are a promising option to treat knee osteoarthritis (OA). Their safety and usefulness have been reported in several short-term clinical trials but less information is available on the long-term effects of MSC in patients with osteoarthritis. We have evaluated patients included in our previous randomized clinical trial (CMM-ART, NCT02123368) to determine their long-term clinical effect. MATERIALS: A phase I/II multicenter randomized clinical trial with active control was conducted between 2012 and 2014. Thirty patients diagnosed with knee OA were randomly assigned to Control group, intraarticularly administered hyaluronic acid alone, or to two treatment groups, hyaluronic acid together with 10 × 106 or 100 × 106 cultured autologous bone marrow-derived MSCs (BM-MSCs), and followed up for 12 months. After a follow up of 4 years adverse effects and clinical evolution, assessed using VAS and WOMAC scorings are reported. RESULTS: No adverse effects were reported after BM-MSCs administration or during the follow-up. BM-MSCs-administered patients improved according to VAS, median value (IQR) for Control, Low-dose and High-dose groups changed from 5 (3, 7), 7 (5, 8) and 6 (4, 8) to 7 (6, 7), 2 (2, 5) and 3 (3, 4), respectively at the end of follow up (Low-dose vs Control group, p = 0.01; High-dose vs Control group, p = 0.004). Patients receiving BM-MSCs also improved clinically according to WOMAC. Control group showed an increase median value of 4 points (- 11;10) while Low-dose and High-dose groups exhibited values of - 18 (- 28;- 9) and - 10 (- 21;- 3) points, respectively (Low-dose vs Control group p = 0.043). No clinical differences between the BM-MSCs receiving groups were found. CONCLUSIONS: Single intraarticular injection of in vitro expanded autologous BM-MSCs is a safe and feasible procedure that results in long-term clinical and functional improvement of knee OA.


Assuntos
Ácido Hialurônico/administração & dosagem , Ácido Hialurônico/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/terapia , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Ácido Hialurônico/efeitos adversos , Injeções Intra-Articulares , Masculino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Dor/etiologia , Dor/fisiopatologia , Transplante Autólogo , Escala Visual Analógica
9.
J Transl Med ; 15(1): 104, 2017 05 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28499389

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prognosis of patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) remains dismal, with median overall survival (OS) of about 15 months. It is therefore crucial to search alternative strategies that improve these results obtained with conventional treatments. In this context, immunotherapy seems to be a promising therapeutic option. We hypothesized that the addition of tumor lysate-pulsed autologous dendritic cells (DCs) vaccination to maximal safe resection followed by radiotherapy and concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide could improve patients' survival. METHODS: We conducted a phase-II clinical trial of autologous DCs vaccination in patients with newly diagnosed patients GBM who were candidates to complete or near complete resection. Candidates were finally included if residual tumor volume was lower than 1 cc on postoperative radiological examination. Autologous DCs were generated from peripheral blood monocytes and pulsed with autologous whole tumor lysate. The vaccination calendar started before radiotherapy and was continued during adjuvant chemotherapy. Progression free survival (PFS) and OS were analyzed with the Kaplan-Meier method. Immune response were assessed in blood samples obtained before each vaccines. RESULTS: Thirty-two consecutive patients were screened, one of which was a screening failure due to insufficient resection. Median age was 61 years (range 42-70). Karnofsky performance score (KPS) was 90-100 in 29%, 80 in 35.5% and 60-70 in 35.5% of cases. MGMT (O6-methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase) promoter was methylated in 45.2% of patients. No severe adverse effects related to immunotherapy were registered. Median PFS was 12.7 months (CI 95% 7-16) and median OS was 23.4 months (95% CI 16-33.1). Increase in post-vaccination tumor specific immune response after vaccines (proliferation or cytokine production) was detected in 11/27 evaluated patients. No correlation between immune response and survival was found. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the addition of tumor lysate-pulsed autologous DCs vaccination to tumor resection and combined radio-chemotherapy is feasible and safe. A multicenter randomized clinical trial is warranted to evaluate the potential survival benefit of this therapeutic approach. Trial registration This phase-II trial was registered as EudraCT: 2009-009879-35 and ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01006044 retrospectively registered.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/imunologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Quimiorradioterapia , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Glioblastoma/imunologia , Glioblastoma/terapia , Vacinação , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias Encefálicas/sangue , Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Quimiorradioterapia/efeitos adversos , Terapia Combinada , Citocinas/sangue , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Fluorescência , Glioblastoma/sangue , Glioblastoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Inflamação/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Autólogo , Vacinação/efeitos adversos
10.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 58(2): 745-754, 2017 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28146239

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a culture method for expansion of corneal endothelial cells (CEC) based on the combined activation of PI3K/Akt and Smad2. Methods: Morphology, proliferation, and migration of cultured rabbit and nonhuman primate CEC were examined in the presence of the PI3K/Akt activators IGF-1 and heregulin beta in combination with the Smad2 activator activin A. Phenotypic characterization of CEC was performed at the RNA and protein levels. Cell pump function and transepithelial electric resistance were used for in vitro functional assessment of CEC. Finally, ex vivo-expanded rabbit CEC were transplanted into a model of endothelial damage in rabbit corneas. Results: Treatment of rabbit and nonhuman primate CEC in vitro with IGF-1, heregulin beta, and activin A induced an upregulation of PI3K/Akt and Smad2 signaling pathways and an increase in proliferation and migration of CEC expressing ZO-1, connexin-43, and Na+/K+-ATPase. Cell pump function evaluation revealed the complete functionality of cultured CEC. Injection of rabbit CEC successfully produced recovery of normal corneal thickness in a rabbit model of endothelial dysfunction. Conclusions: We demonstrated that the combined activation of PI3K/Akt and Smad2 results in in vitro expansion of phenotypic and functional CEC. Expanded cells were able to contribute to restoration of corneal endothelium in a rabbit model. These findings may represent a new therapeutic approach for treating corneal endothelial diseases.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Cultura de Células/métodos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/citologia , Endotélio Corneano/citologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/fisiologia , Proteína Smad2/fisiologia , Ativinas/farmacologia , Análise de Variância , Animais , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Transplante de Células/métodos , Células Cultivadas , Conexina 43/metabolismo , Lesões da Córnea/terapia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Impedância Elétrica , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/fisiologia , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/farmacologia , Neuregulina-1/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/fisiologia , Coelhos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , ATPase Trocadora de Sódio-Potássio/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína da Zônula de Oclusão-1/metabolismo
11.
Transl Res ; 188: 80-91.e2, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26972567

RESUMO

The aim of this nonrandomized, open label, phase 1 clinical trial was to evaluate the safety and the feasibility of the treatment with autologous bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) in decompensated liver cirrhosis. In addition, the changes in liver function and hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) and their relation with the characteristics of the cellular product were analyzed. Twelve patients with Child-Pugh ≥8 liver cirrhosis underwent bone marrow harvest for ex vivo differentiation of EPC. The final product was administered through the hepatic artery in a single administration. Patients underwent clinical and radiologic follow-up for 12 months. The phenotype and the ability to produce cytokines and growth factors of the final cellular suspension were analyzed. Eleven patients were treated (feasibility 91%). No treatment-related severe adverse events were observed as consequence of any study procedure or treatment. Model for end-stage liver disease score improved significantly (P 0.042) in the first 90 days after cells administration and 5 of the 9 patients alive at 90 days showed a decreased of HVPG. There was a direct correlation between the expression of acetylated-low density lipoprotein and von Willebrand factor in the cellular product and the improvement in liver function and HVPG. The treatment with EPCs in patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis is safe and feasible and might have therapeutic potential. Patients receiving a higher amount of functionally active EPC showed an improvement of liver function and portal hypertension suggesting that the potential usefulness of these cells for the treatment of liver cirrhosis deserves further evaluation.


Assuntos
Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/transplante , Cirrose Hepática/terapia , Idoso , Células da Medula Óssea , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Hepatite C/complicações , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Cirrose Hepática Alcoólica/terapia , Falência Hepática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto
12.
J Transl Med ; 14(1): 246, 2016 08 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27565858

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stromal cells are a promising option to treat knee osteoarthritis. Their safety and usefulness must be confirmed and the optimal dose established. We tested increasing doses of bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSCs) in combination with hyaluronic acid in a randomized clinical trial. MATERIALS: A phase I/II multicenter randomized clinical trial with active control was conducted. Thirty patients diagnosed with knee OA were randomly assigned to intraarticularly administered hyaluronic acid alone (control), or together with 10 × 10(6) or 100 × 10(6) cultured autologous BM-MSCs, and followed up for 12 months. Pain and function were assessed using VAS and WOMAC and by measuring the knee motion range. X-ray and magnetic resonance imaging analyses were performed to analyze joint damage. RESULTS: No adverse effects were reported after BM-MSC administration or during follow-up. BM-MSC-administered patients improved according to VAS during all follow-up evaluations and median value (IQR) for control, low-dose and high-dose groups change from 5 (3, 7), 7 (5, 8) and 6 (4, 8) to 4 (3, 5), 2 (1, 3) and 2 (0,4) respectively at 12 months (low-dose vs control group p = 0.005 and high-dose vs control group p < 0.009). BM-MSC-administered patients were also superior according to WOMAC, although improvement in control and low-dose patients could not be significantly sustained beyond 6 months. On the other hand, the BM-MSC high-dose group exhibited an improvement of 16.5 (12, 19) points at 12 months (p < 0.01). Consistent with WOMAC and VAS values, motion ranges remained unaltered in the control group but improved at 12 months with BM-MSCs. X-ray revealed a reduction of the knee joint space width in the control group that was not seen in BM-MSCs high-dose group. MRI (WORMS protocol) showed that joint damage decreased only in the BM-MSC high-dose group, albeit slightly. CONCLUSIONS: The single intraarticular injection of in vitro expanded autologous BM-MSCs together with HA is a safe and feasible procedure that results in a clinical and functional improvement of knee OA, especially when 100 × 10(6) cells are administered. These results pave the way for a future phase III clinical trial. CLINICAL TRIALS: gov identifier NCT02123368. Nº EudraCT: 2009-017624-72.


Assuntos
Ácido Hialurônico/administração & dosagem , Ácido Hialurônico/farmacologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Osteoartrite do Joelho/terapia , Idoso , Terapia Combinada , Demografia , Feminino , Humanos , Ácido Hialurônico/efeitos adversos , Injeções Intra-Articulares , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Joelho/patologia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/efeitos dos fármacos , Resultado do Tratamento , Escala Visual Analógica
13.
Stem Cell Res ; 16(1): 20-3, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27345779

RESUMO

In this work, mesenchymal stem cells derived from adipose tissue (ADSCs) were used for the generation of the human-induced pluripotent stem cell line G15.AO. Cell reprogramming was performed using retroviral vectors containing the Yamanaka factors, and the generated G15.AO hiPSC line showed normal karyotype, silencing of the exogenous reprogramming factors, induction of the typical pluripotency-associated markers, alkaline phosphatase enzymatic activity, and in vivo and in vitro differentiation ability to the three germ layers.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Técnicas de Cultura de Células/métodos , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Adulto , Linhagem Celular , Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , Humanos , Cariotipagem
15.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 7(6): 988-95, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25540752

RESUMO

AIM: To assess cultured limbal epithelial stem cell transplantation in patients with limbal stem cell deficiency by analyzing and quantifying corneal neovascularization. METHODS: This retrospective, interventional case series included eight eyes with total limbal stem cell deficiency. Ex vivo limbal epithelial stem cells were cultured on human amniotic membrane using an animal-free culture method. The clinical parameters of limbal stem cell deficiency, impression cytology, and quantification of corneal neovascularization were evaluated before and after cultured limbal stem cell transplantation. The area of corneal neovascularization, vessel caliber (VC), and invasive area (IA) were analyzed before and after stem cell transplantation by image analysis software. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), epithelial transparency, and impression cytology were also measured. RESULTS: One year after surgery, successful cases showed a reduction (improvement) of all three parameters of corneal neovascularization [neovascular area (NA), VC, IA], while failed cases did not. NA decreased a mean of 32.31% (P=0.035), invasion area 29.37% (P=0.018) and VC 14.29% (P=0.072). BCVA improved in all eyes (mean follow-up, 76±21mo). Epithelial transparency improved significantly from 2.00±0.93 to 0.88±1.25 (P=0.014). Impression cytology showed that three cases failed after limbal epithelial stem cell therapy before 1y of follow-up. CONCLUSION: This method of analyzing and monitoring surface vessels is useful for evaluating the epithelial status during follow-up, as successful cases showed a bigger reduction in corneal neovascularization parameters than failed cases. Using this method, successful cases could be differentiated from failed cases.

16.
PLoS One ; 9(12): e113936, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25436769

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Uncontrolled studies of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in multiple sclerosis suggested some beneficial effect. In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover phase II study we investigated their safety and efficacy in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients. Efficacy was evaluated in terms of cumulative number of gadolinium-enhancing lesions (GEL) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 6 months and at the end of the study. METHODS: Patients unresponsive to conventional therapy, defined by at least 1 relapse and/or GEL on MRI scan in past 12 months, disease duration 2 to 10 years and Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) 3.0-6.5 were randomized to receive IV 1-2×10(6) bone-marrow-derived-MSCs/Kg or placebo. After 6 months, the treatment was reversed and patients were followed-up for another 6 months. Secondary endpoints were clinical outcomes (relapses and disability by EDSS and MS Functional Composite), and several brain MRI and optical coherence tomography measures. Immunological tests were explored to assess the immunomodulatory effects. RESULTS: At baseline 9 patients were randomized to receive MSCs (n = 5) or placebo (n = 4). One patient on placebo withdrew after having 3 relapses in the first 5 months. We did not identify any serious adverse events. At 6 months, patients treated with MSCs had a trend to lower mean cumulative number of GEL (3.1, 95% CI = 1.1-8.8 vs 12.3, 95% CI = 4.4-34.5, p = 0.064), and at the end of study to reduced mean GEL (-2.8±5.9 vs 3±5.4, p = 0.075). No significant treatment differences were detected in the secondary endpoints. We observed a non-significant decrease of the frequency of Th1 (CD4+ IFN-γ+) cells in blood of MSCs treated patients. CONCLUSION: Bone-marrow-MSCs are safe and may reduce inflammatory MRI parameters supporting their immunomodulatory properties. ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01228266.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Esclerose Múltipla Recidivante-Remitente/terapia , Adulto , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfócitos B/patologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/métodos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/imunologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esclerose Múltipla Recidivante-Remitente/imunologia , Esclerose Múltipla Recidivante-Remitente/patologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 20(10): 1580-5, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24952358

RESUMO

We evaluated the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of the administration of 4 sequential doses (intravenously administered on days 1, 4, 11, and 18) of cryopreserved bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) expanded with platelet lysate and obtained from third-party donors as a second-line treatment for steroid-refractory acute graft-versus-host (aGVHD) disease in a series of 25 patients. All patients received at least 2 doses of MSC, whereas 21 received 3 doses and 18 received the initially planned 4 doses. Because of the achievement of partial response, 4 patients received additional doses of MSC. Median single cell dose administered was 1.1 × 10(6) MSC/kg of recipient body weight. There were no adverse events related to the MSC infusion in the 99 procedures performed, with the exception of a cardiac ischemic event that occurred twice in a patient with prior history of cardiac ischemia. Response to MSC at 60 days after the first dose was evaluable in 24 patients. Seventeen patients (71%) responded (11 complete and 6 partial responses), with a median time to response of 28 days after the first MSC dose, whereas 7 patients did not respond. In summary, we can conclude that sequential cryopreserved third-party MSC therapy administered on days 1, 4, 11, and 18 is a safe procedure for patients with steroid-refractory aGVHD. This strategy may provide a high rate of overall responses of aGVHD with a low toxicity profile.


Assuntos
Criopreservação , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Plaquetas/química , Contagem de Células , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/patologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/imunologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/patologia , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/imunologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Doadores não Relacionados
18.
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc ; 21(8): 1737-50, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22864678

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Due to the attractive properties of poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) for tissue engineering, the aim was to determine the growth and differentiation capacity of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) in PLLA scaffolds and their potential use in the treatment of cartilage diseases. METHODS: MSCs were cultured in PLLA films and thin porous membranes to study adherence and proliferation. Permeability and porosity were determined for the different scaffolds employed. The optimal conditions for cell seeding were first determined, as well as cell density and distribution inside the PLLA. Scaffolds were then maintained in expansion or chondrogenic differentiation media for 21 days. Apoptosis, proliferation and chondrogenic differentiation was assessed after 21 days in culture by immunohistochemistry. Mechanical characteristics of scaffolds were determined before and after cell seeding. RESULTS: MSCs uniformly adhered to PLLA films as well as to porous membranes. Proliferation was detected only in monolayers of pure PLLA, but was no longer detected after 10 days. Mechanical characterization of PLLA scaffolds showed differences in the apparent compression elastic modulus for the two sizes used. After determining high efficiencies of seeding, the production of extracellular matrix (ECM) was determined and contained aggrecan and collagens type I and X. ECM produced by the cells induced a twofold increase in the apparent elastic modulus of the composite. CONCLUSIONS: Biocompatible PLLA scaffolds have been developed that can be efficiently loaded with MSCs. The scaffold supports chondrogenic differentiation and ECM deposition that improves the mechanics of the scaffold. Although this improvement does not met the expectations of a hyaline-like cartilage ECM, in part due to the lack of a mechanical stimulation, their potential use in the treatment of cartilage pathologies encourages to improve the mechanical component.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Tecidos Suporte , Adulto , Agrecanas/metabolismo , Apoptose , Doenças das Cartilagens/terapia , Adesão Celular , Técnicas de Cultura de Células/métodos , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Colágeno Tipo X/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Humanos , Ácido Láctico , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Poliésteres , Polímeros
19.
World J Clin Oncol ; 3(11): 142-9, 2012 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23293753

RESUMO

AIM: To assess whether the addition of a customized, active immunotherapy to standard of care including fluorescence-guided surgery, may provide hints of an improved survival for patients with poor-prognosis, incurable glioblastoma multiform. METHODS: Preliminary to our ongoing, phase-II clinical trial, we conducted a small pilot study enrolling five consecutive patients with resectable glioblastoma. In terms of Recursive Partitioning Analysis, four patients were class V and one was class IV. In all five cases, fluorescence-guided surgery was employed, followed by rapid steroid discontinuation. Patients were then treated with a combination of standard radio-chemotherapy with temozolomide and tumor lysate-pulsed, mature dendritic cell-based vaccinations. RESULTS: Though all five patients ultimately progressed, with any further treatment left to the sole decision of the treating oncologist, active immunotherapy was very well tolerated and induced specific immune responses in all three patients for whom enough material was available for such an assessment. Median progression-free survival was 16.1 mo. Even more important, median and mean overall survival were 27 mo and 26 mo, respectively. Three patients have died with an overall survival of 9 mo, 27 mo and 27.4 mo, while the other two are still alive at 32 mo and 36 mo, the former receiving treatment with bevacizumab, while the latter has now been off therapy for 12 mo. Four of five patients were alive at two years. CONCLUSION: Active immunotherapy with tumor lysate-pulsed, autologous dendritic cells is feasible, safe, well tolerated and biologically efficacious. A phase-II study is ongoing to possibly improve further on our very encouraging clinical results.

20.
Dermatol Res Pract ; 2011: 532139, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21869882

RESUMO

Vitiligo is an acquired skin disease that significantly impacts the quality of life of patients. Medical treatment of vitiligo includes the use of melanocyte transplant, but the results are variable. We have treated 4 patients with either focal or generalized stable vitiligo using a graft of autologous melanocytes' culture on a denuded amniotic membrane (AM). A culture biopsy was obtained in every patient and grown in melanocytes' media for 10-14 days after which cells were transferred to a denuded AM and transplanted into the achromic lesions. Patients were followed for up to 6 months using clinical assessment of achromic lesions. Treated areas ranged between 4 cm(2) and 210.6 cm(2). Response to treatment was excellent in all patients with 90-95% repigmentation success rate. Our results demonstrate that transplantation of autologous melanocytes cultured on AM is a new, simple, and effective treatment for stable vitiligo.

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