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JAAD Case Rep ; 12: 67-69, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34041335
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 68(7): 1187-1194, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31187176


BACKGROUND: PD-1 inhibition (PD-1i) is the standard of care in melanoma and other malignancies. In patients with bone metastases of solid tumors, the monoclonal antibody denosumab directed against RANKL is approved for the prevention of skeletal-related events. However, RANKL is not only relevant in osteoclastogenesis, but also has immunological effects. Hence, we aimed at investigating, whether the combination of PD-1i and denosumab produces synergistic effects in metastatic melanoma treatment. METHODS: We retrospectively collected and analyzed clinical data of metastatic melanoma patients with bone metastases, who received PD-1i and denosumab therapy. RESULTS: 29 patients were identified with a median age of 60.7 years: 20 were male and 9 were female. 20 patients (69%) were in stage IV M1c and 9 (31%) in stage IV M1d; 52% had an increased serum LDH. 24 patients (83%) received PD-1i as first-line therapy and five patients (17%) as second- or third-line therapy. 13 patients received the triple combination nivolumab, ipilimumab and denosumab (N + I+D), 16 patients received PD-1i and denosumab (PD-1i + D). Within a median follow-up time of 19.8 months, 17 patients progressed with a median time to progression of 6 months. The objective response rate was 54% in the N + I + D group and 50% in the PD-1i + D group. Recalcification of bone metastases was radiologically observed in 18 (62%) patients. No unexpected treatment-related adverse events emerged. CONCLUSIONS: The combination therapy of metastatic melanoma with PD-1i and denosumab was feasible without unexpected safety issues and showed a promising efficacy signal. Further investigation in prospective studies is needed.

Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Denosumab/uso terapêutico , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/imunologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Denosumab/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Ipilimumab/farmacologia , Ipilimumab/uso terapêutico , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Melanoma/imunologia , Melanoma/mortalidade , Melanoma/secundário , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nivolumabe/farmacologia , Nivolumabe/uso terapêutico , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/imunologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Ligante RANK/antagonistas & inibidores , Ligante RANK/imunologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/imunologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia
Melanoma Res ; 29(4): 435-440, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30855529


Targeting immune cells instead of cancer cells is a new and successful therapeutic approach in patients with a variety of advanced cancers. Blocking antibodies bind to specific immune-checkpoint molecules namely cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4, programmed cell death protein-1, and programmed cell death-ligand 1. However, their mechanism of action can lead to immune-related adverse events. In particular, neurological immune-related adverse events present, currently, a problem, as they are rare, difficult to diagnose, and are often high grade or even fatal. Here, we describe four cases with metastatic melanoma who developed symptoms of acute progressive weakness 3-9 weeks after therapy onset with immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) nivolumab and ipilimumab. Neurological examination and diagnostic procedures revealed results partly consistent with neurological disorders such as neuropathy, myositis, and myasthenia. This suggests an overlap of these known diseases indicating a new ICI-induced neuropathy-myositis-myasthenia-like syndrome. Here, we give recommendations for a structured and focused diagnostic assessment in patients presenting with neurological deficits during ICI therapy. This might improve the understanding, management, and ultimately the outcome of ICI-induced neurological adverse events.

Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Miosite/induzido quimicamente , Síndromes Paraneoplásicas do Sistema Nervoso/induzido quimicamente , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Cutâneas/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Aguda , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Melanoma/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Cutâneas/imunologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Síndrome
Cytokine ; 74(1): 123-9, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25907835


UNLABELLED: The literature reveals evidence for a gender specific outcome after major trauma and hemorrhage. Increased levels of male sex hormones such as testosterone and even more dihydrotestosterone (DHT) mediate negative effects on the posttraumatic immune response. Pretreatment with finasteride several days before trauma hemorrhage (TH) led to improved outcomes in mice. We hypothesized that finasteride mediates its protective effects also when administered after TH within the resuscitation process. METHODS: Male C57BL/6N-mice underwent TH (blood pressure: 35 mmHg, 90 min) followed by finasteride application and fluid resuscitation. Plasma cytokines (MIP-1ß, TNF-α, MCP-1, MCP-3, IL-6), productive capacity of alveolar macrophages (AM) and hepatic Kupffer cells (KC) and systemic DHT levels were determined 4 h and 24 h thereafter. Pulmonary and hepatic infiltration of PMN was determined by immunohistochemical staining. RESULTS: Finasteride treatment resulted in reduced levels of systemic cytokines. This was accompanied by a reduced posttraumatic cytokine secretion of AM as well as Kupffer cells, thereby reducing hepatic distant organ damage as measured by reduced PMN infiltration. Systemic DHT levels were decreased following finasteride treatment. CONCLUSION: Finasteride exerts salutary effects on the pulmonary and hepatic immune response using a therapeutic approach following TH in mice. Therefore, finasteride might represent a potential agent following multiple trauma and hemorrhage.

Finasterida/administração & dosagem , Finasterida/farmacologia , Hemorragia/tratamento farmacológico , Hemorragia/imunologia , Fígado/imunologia , Pulmão/imunologia , Animais , Citocinas/sangue , Hemorragia/complicações , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Macrófagos do Fígado/imunologia , Macrófagos do Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos Alveolares/imunologia , Macrófagos Alveolares/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Neutrófilos/fisiologia