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1.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 78(19): 1875-1885, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736563

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence that fractional flow reserve (FFR) is effective in guiding therapeutic strategy in multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) beyond prespecified percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary graft surgery candidates. OBJECTIVES: The FUTURE (FUnctional Testing Underlying coronary REvascularization) trial aimed to evaluate whether a treatment strategy based on FFR was superior to a traditional strategy without FFR in the treatment of multivessel CAD. METHODS: The FUTURE trial is a prospective, randomized, open-label superiority trial. Multivessel CAD candidates were randomly assigned (1:1) to treatment strategy based on FFR in all stenotic (≥50%) coronary arteries or to a traditional strategy without FFR. In the FFR group, revascularization (percutaneous coronary intervention or surgery) was indicated for FFR ≤0.80 lesions. The primary endpoint was a composite of major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular events at 1 year. RESULTS: The trial was stopped prematurely by the data safety and monitoring board after a safety analysis and 927 patients were enrolled. At 1-year follow-up, by intention to treat, there were no significant differences in major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular events rates between groups (14.6% in the FFR group vs 14.4% in the control group; hazard ratio: 0.97; 95% confidence interval: 0.69-1.36; P = 0.85). The difference in all-cause mortality was nonsignificant, 3.7% in the FFR group versus 1.5% in the control group (hazard ratio: 2.34; 95% confidence interval: 0.97-5.18; P = 0.06), and this was confirmed with a 24 months' extended follow-up. FFR significantly reduced the proportion of revascularized patients, with more patients referred to exclusively medical treatment (P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with multivessel CAD, we did not find evidence that an FFR-guided treatment strategy reduced the risk of ischemic cardiovascular events or death at 1-year follow-up. (Functional Testing Underlying Coronary Revascularisation; NCT01881555).

2.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34801410

RESUMO

Myocardial flow reserve represents the ratio of myocardial blood flow between stress and rest, giving functional information about both macrocirculation and microcirculation; it has been reported extensively in positron emission tomography, with an increase in diagnostic performance, providing important prognostic information and being a powerful tool to guide therapy. Advances in single photon emission computed tomography, with the widespread availability of "cadmium zinc telluride" single photon emission computed tomography cameras, raise the question of myocardial flow reserve use in daily clinical practice. In this article, we review the pathophysiology of myocardial blood flow and myocardial flow reserve, and the initial data available from single photon emission computed tomography myocardial blood flow and myocardial flow reserve evaluation; we also discuss potential limitations to the wider implementation of flow evaluation in single photon emission computed tomography.

4.
Int J Cardiol ; 344: 213-219, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34534607

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Triggering receptor expressing on myeloid cells (TREM)-1 is involved in the pathophysiology of ischemic heart disease. Plasma soluble TREM-1 levels (sTREM-1) has been associated with increased risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients. However, the causative link between TREM-1 and MACE remains unknown and requires further investigation before developing potential therapeutic approaches. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using the serum and DNA data bank from the prospective, nationwide French registry of Acute ST-elevation and non-ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction (FAST-MI 2010, N = 1293), we studied the association of plasma levels of sTREM-1 with 9 common genetic variants at the TREM1 locus and their relationship with recurrent MACE over a 3-year follow up. Plasma levels of sTREM-1 were associated with an increased risk of MACEs (death, recurrent MI or stroke) (adjusted HR = 1.86, 95%CI = 1.06-3.26 and HR = 1.11, 95%CI = 0.61-2.02 respectively for tertiles 3 and 2 versus tertile 1, P < 0.001). The study of common variants identified two major genetic determinants of sTREM-1 (rs4714449: beta = -0.11, Padd = 7.85 × 10-5 and rs3804276: beta = 0.18, Padd = 2.65 × 10-11) with a potential role on maintenance and/or differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells. However, associated variants only explained 4% of sTREM-1 variance (P = 2.74 × 10-14). Moreover, the rs4714449 variant, individually and in haplotype, was not significantly associated with MACE (HR = 0.61, 95%CI: 0.35-1.05, P = 0.07). CONCLUSIONS: Despite its relationship with increased risk of death, recurrent MI and stroke, genetic determinants of plasma levels of sTREM-1 were not found to be causal prognostic factors in patients with acute myocardial infarction.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Receptor Gatilho 1 Expresso em Células Mieloides , Humanos , Células Mieloides , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , Estudos Prospectivos , Receptor Gatilho 1 Expresso em Células Mieloides/sangue , Receptor Gatilho 1 Expresso em Células Mieloides/genética
5.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(11): e011314, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34420366

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction and multivessel disease, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for nonculprit lesions guided by fractional flow reserve (FFR) is superior to treatment of the culprit lesion alone. Whether deferring nonculprit PCI is safe in this specific context is questionable. We aimed to assess clinical outcomes at 1 year in ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction patients with multivessel coronary artery disease and an FFR-guided strategy for nonculprit lesions, according to whether or not ≥1 PCI was performed. METHODS: Outcomes were analyzed in patients of the randomized FLOWER-MI (Flow Evaluation to Guide Revascularization in Multivessel ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction) trial in whom, after successful primary PCI, nonculprit lesions were assessed using FFR. The primary outcome was a composite of all-cause death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and unplanned hospitalization with urgent revascularization at 1 year. RESULTS: Among 1171 patients enrolled in this study, 586 were assigned to the FFR-guided group: 388 (66%) of them had ≥1 PCI, and 198 (34%) had no PCI. Mean FFR before decision (ie, PCI or not) of nonculprit lesions was 0.75±0.10 and 0.88±0.06, respectively. During follow-up, a primary outcome event occurred in 16 of 388 patients (4.1%) in patients with PCI and in 16 of 198 patients (8.1%) in patients without PCI (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.42 [95% CI, 0.20-0.88]; P=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing complete revascularization guided by FFR measurement, those with ≥1 PCI had lower event rates at 1 year, compared with patients with deferred PCI, suggesting that deferring lesions judged relevant by visual estimation but with FFR >0.80 may not be optimal in this context. Future randomized studies are needed to confirm these data. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT02943954. Graphic Abstract: A graphic abstract is available for this article.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34453835

RESUMO

AIMS : Several reports suggest that illicit drug use may be a major cause of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) independently of smoking habits and associated with a poorer prognosis. The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of illicit drug use on (i) the risk of AMI and (ii) its prognosis. METHODS AND RESULTS : This French longitudinal cohort study was based on the administrative hospital-discharge database from the entire population. First, we collected data for all patients admitted in hospital in 2013 with at least 5 years of follow-up to identify potential predictors of AMI. In a second phase, we collected data for all patients admitted with AMI from January 2010 to December 2018. We identified patients with a history of illicit drug use (cannabis, cocaine, or opioid). These patients were matched with patients without illicit drug use to assess their prognosis. In 2013, 3 381 472 patients were hospitalized with a mean follow-up of 4.7 ± 1.8 years. In multivariable analysis, among all drugs under evaluation, only cannabis use was significantly associated with a higher risk of AMI [HR 1.32 (95% CI 1.09-1.59), P = 0.004]. Between January 2010 and December 2018, we then identified 738 899 AMI patients. Among these patients, 3827 (0.5%) had a known history of illicit drug use. These patients were younger, most often male and had less comorbidities. After 1:1 propensity score matching, during a mean follow-up of 1.9 ± 2.3 years, there was no significant difference between patients without illicit drug use and patients with illicit drug use regarding all-cause death, cardiovascular death, stroke, or heart failure. CONCLUSION : In a large and systematic nationwide analysis, cannabis use was an independent risk factor for the incidence of AMI. However, the prognosis of illicit drug users presenting with AMI was similar to patients without illicit drug use.

8.
Circulation ; 144(11): 859-869, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34420373

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammation is a key factor of myocardial damage in reperfused ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. We hypothesized that colchicine, a potent anti-inflammatory agent, may reduce infarct size (IS) and left ventricular (LV) remodeling at the acute phase of ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. METHODS: In this double-blind multicenter trial, we randomly assigned patients admitted for a first episode of ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction referred for primary percutaneous coronary intervention to receive oral colchicine (2-mg loading dose followed by 0.5 mg twice a day) or matching placebo from admission to day 5. The primary efficacy outcome was IS determined by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging at 5 days. The relative LV end-diastolic volume change at 3 months and IS at 3 months assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging were among the secondary outcomes. RESULTS: We enrolled 192 patients, 101 in the colchicine group and 91 in the control group. At 5 days, the gadolinium enhancement-defined IS did not differ between the colchicine and placebo groups with a mean of 26 interquartile range (IQR) [16-44] versus 28.4 IQR [14-40] g of LV mass, respectively (P=0.87). At 3 months follow-up, there was no significant difference in LV remodeling between the colchicine and placebo groups with a +2.4% (IQR, -8.3% to 11.1%) versus -1.1% (IQR, -8.0% to 9.9%) change in LV end-diastolic volume (P=0.49). Infarct size at 3 months was also not significantly different between the colchicine and placebo groups (17 IQR [10-28] versus 18 IQR [10-27] g of LV mass, respectively; P=0.92). The incidence of gastrointestinal adverse events during the treatment period was greater with colchicine than with placebo (34% versus 11%, respectively; P=0.0002). CONCLUSIONS: In this randomized, placebo-controlled trial, oral administration of high-dose colchicine at the time of reperfusion and for 5 days did not reduce IS assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT03156816.

9.
Diabetes Obes Metab ; 23(11): 2492-2501, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34251088

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the associations between metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) and different types of incident cardiovascular events in a contemporary population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients discharged from French hospitals in 2013 with at least 5 years of follow-up and without a history of major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE; myocardial infarction, heart failure [HF], ischaemic stroke or cardiovascular death [MACE-HF]) or underweight/malnutrition were identified. They were categorized by phenotypes defined by obesity and three metabolic abnormalities (diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidaemia). Hazard ratios (HRs) for cardiovascular events during follow-up were adjusted on age, sex and smoking status at baseline. RESULTS: In total, 2 873 039 individuals were included in the analysis, among whom 272 838 (9.5%) had obesity. During a mean follow-up of 4.9 years, when pooling men and women, individuals with MHO had a higher risk of MACE-HF (multivariate-adjusted HR 1.22, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.19-1.24), new-onset HF (HR 1.34, 95% CI 1.31-1.37) and atrial fibrillation (AF; HR 1.33, 95% CI 1.30-1.37) compared with individuals with no obesity and zero metabolic abnormalities. By contrast, risks were not higher for myocardial infarction (HR 0.92, 95% CI 0.87-0.98), ischaemic stroke (HR 0.93, 95% CI 0.88-0.98) and cardiovascular death (HR 0.99, 95% CI 0.93-1.04). MHO in men was associated with a higher risk of clinical events compared with metabolically healthy men of normal weight (HR 1.12-1.80), while women with MHO had a lower risk for most events than metabolically healthy women of normal weight (HR 0.49-0.99). CONCLUSIONS: In a large and contemporary analysis of patients seen in French hospitals, individuals with MHO did not have a higher risk of myocardial infarction, ischaemic stroke or cardiovascular death than metabolically healthy individuals with no obesity. By contrast, they had a higher risk of new-onset HF and new-onset AF. However, notable differences were observed in men and women in the sex-stratified analysis.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Obesidade Metabolicamente Benigna , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade Metabolicamente Benigna/complicações , Obesidade Metabolicamente Benigna/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia
10.
Panminerva Med ; 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34060278

RESUMO

The continuous progress in cardiovascular (CV) risk prevention strategies has led to an impressive reduction in mortality and recurrent ischemic events in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the control of several CV risk factors remains suboptimal in many CAD patients, with a high rate of recurrent events, underlying the need for more new prevention strategies. The GAPS-I (GLP1 analogues, Antithrombotic agents, PCSK9 inhibitors, SGLT2 inhibitors and Immunomodulators) strategy offers a promising potential in patients with a high-residual CV risk, who are frequently encountered in daily practice, by offering an individualised and structured approach to addressing their individual risk factors. The current review summarises the evidence to date on each of its components, with respect to clinical outcomes and economic feasibility. The current evidence points to an efficacy of GAPS-I in reducing MACE and mortality, without a compromise on safety, albeit with the need for longer follow-up data. Key Points: - Secondary prevention remains suboptimal in many CAD patients, highlighting the need for innovative prevention strategies. - The present review discusses the current evidence on efficacy of the GAPS-I strategy in reducing MACE and mortality in patients with CAD. - The GAPS-I strategy, if widely adopted, provides a promising potential to assist cardiologists in managing patients at a heightened risk for further CV events.

11.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 691893, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34150820

RESUMO

Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the results of cadmium zinc telluride (CZT)- single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial flow reserve (MFR) in coronary artery disease (CAD) screening regarding clinical risk and its correlation to invasive coronary angiography (ICA). Methods: A total of 137 patients (61 male and 76 female) referred for CAD screening myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) between November 2018 and April 2020 were included in the CFR-OR prospective trial. The 10-year risk of cardiovascular death according to the European Society of Cardiology (SCORE) was calculated. SPECT 1-day 99mTc-tetrofosmin protocol was acquired on CZT cardiac-dedicated pinhole cameras. Low-dose thoracic CT was used for coronary calcium score (CCS) evaluation. ICA, when performed within 3 months, was also analyzed. Results: Mean SCORE and mean global MFR were, respectively, 4 ± 3.1% and 2.50 ± 0.74; 34 patients had impaired CFR (using a threshold of 2). There was a significant inverse correlation between MFR and SCORE (p = 0.006), gender (p = 0.019), and number of cardiovascular risk factors (p = 0.01). MFR was significantly reduced in patients with CCS above 1 (p = 0.01). No significant correlation was found between MFR and individual cardiovascular risk factors (dyslipidemia, hypertension, diabetes, or family history of CAD). A total of 23 patients underwent ICA. Global MFR SPECT sensitivity and specificity were 83.3 and 100 %, respectively, with an area under the curve of 0.94. Conclusion: Adding MFR to SPECT MPI for CAD screening on CZT camera may contribute to high-risk patient identification and enhance diagnostic performances. MFR could help physician decision to perform ICA.

12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(9)2021 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34066832

RESUMO

Implantable cardiac defibrillators (ICDs) are recommended to prevent the risk of sudden cardiac death. However, shocks are associated with an increased mortality with a dose response effect, and a strategy of reducing electrical therapy burden improves the prognosis of implanted patients. We review the mechanisms of defibrillation and its consequences, including cell damage, metabolic remodeling, calcium metabolism anomalies, and inflammatory and pro-fibrotic remodeling. Electrical shocks do save lives, but also promote myocardial stunning, heart failure, and pro-arrhythmic effects as seen in electrical storms. Limiting unnecessary implantations and therapies and proposing new methods of defibrillation in the future are recommended.


Assuntos
Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Eletrochoque , Miocárdio/patologia , Animais , Humanos , Inflamação/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Proteômica
13.
Radiat Prot Dosimetry ; 194(1): 18-26, 2021 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33954788

RESUMO

Growing use of fractional flow reserve (FFR) and intracoronary imaging techniques by optical coherence tomography or intravascular ultrasound has raised concerns about additional exposure during coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs). Using data from the prospective CRAC-France PCI Prospective Multicentre registry, we sought to evaluate the effect of these new techniques on the radiation dose to patients undergoing coronary procedures. Data on Kerma Area Product (PKA), total air kerma (KAr) and fluoroscopy time from 42 182 coronary procedures were retrospectively compared, using multivariable linear regression, according to whether they included FFR and intracoronary imaging. In coronary angiography, FFR was associated with longer fluoroscopy time and higher PKA (21.0 vs. 18.9 Gy.cm2) and KAr (372 vs. 299 mGy) (all p < 0.001). Intracoronary imaging was associated with longer fluoroscopy time, higher contrast volume (both p < 0.001), lower PKA (18.3 vs. 19.0 Gy.cm2, p = 0.02) and similar KAr. In PCI, FFR was associated with a moderate increase in KAr (682 vs. 626 mGy, p < 0.01) but not PKA (35.9 vs. 33.7 Gy.cm2, p = 0.34). For intracoronary imaging, there were no differences between groups, except for contrast volume. Increased patient exposure associated with FFR and intracoronary imaging is moderate in diagnostic coronary angiography and minimal or none in PCI, provided optimization techniques are used. It should not be a limitation on the use of these techniques given the important additional information they provide.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Angiografia Coronária , França , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Raios X
14.
J Clin Med ; 10(5)2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33804450

RESUMO

Although many risk models have been tested in patients implanted by veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO), few scores assessed patients' prognosis in the setting of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with refractory cardiogenic shock. We aimed at assessing the performance of risk scores, notably the prEdictioN of Cardiogenic shock OUtcome foR AMI patients salvaGed by VA-ECMO (ENCOURAGE) score, for predicting mortality in this particular population. This retrospective observational study included patients admitted to Tours University Hospital for STEMI with cardiogenic shock and requiring hemodynamic support by VA-ECMO. Among the fifty-one patients, the 30-day and 6-month survival rates were 63% and 56% respectively. Thirty days after VA-ECMO therapy, probabilities of mortality were 12, 17, 33, 66, 80% according to the ENCOURAGE score classes 0-12, 13-18, 19-22, 23-27, and ≥28, respectively. The ENCOURAGE score (AUC of the Receiving Operating Characteristic curve = 0.83) was significantly better compared to other risk scores. The hazard ratio for survival at 30 days for each point of the ENCOURAGE score was 1.10 (CI 95% (1.06, 1.15); p < 0.001). Decision curve analysis indicated that the ENCOURAGE score had the best clinical usefulness of the tested risk scores and the Hosmer-Lemeshow test suggested an accurate calibration. Our data suggest that the ENCOURAGE score is valid and the most relevant score to predict 30-day mortality after VA-ECMO therapy in STEMI patients with refractory cardiogenic shock. It may help decision-making teams to better select STEMI patients with shock for VA-ECMO therapy.

15.
JAMA Ophthalmol ; 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33856414

RESUMO

Importance: Systemic safety of intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) is a matter of debate and regular updates are necessary. Objective: To evaluate systemic adverse events (SAEs) associated with intravitreal anti-VEGF drugs compared with non-anti-VEGF treatments in patients with ocular diseases. Data Sources: Electronic searches were conducted in MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases from inception to July 7, 2020. Study Selection: Randomized clinical trials conducted in adults with retinal diseases who received intravitreal anti-VEGF drugs. Data Extraction and Synthesis: Studies and treatment characteristics and outcome data were extracted and analyzed, and study quality was evaluated. Main Outcomes and Measures: Main outcomes were major cardiovascular events (MACEs) and total mortality. Secondary outcomes included nonocular hemorrhage, components of MACEs, other cardiovascular outcomes, serious SAEs, and all SAEs. Results: A total of 74 randomized clinical trials were analyzed: 32 trials (43%) included 14 190 patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD), 24 (32%) included 5424 patients with diabetic retinopathy (diabetic macular edema or proliferative diabetic retinopathy), 17 trials (23%) included 3757 patients with retinal vein occlusion, and 1 trial (1%) included 122 patients with myopic choroidal neovascularization. Anti-VEGF drug administration did not increase MACEs compared with control agents (odds ratio [OR], 1.16; 95% CI, 0.85-1.58) or total mortality (OR, 1.27; 95% CI, 0.82-1.96). There was an interaction (subgroup difference, P = .04) in mortality risk depending on the underlying disease with an increase (OR, 1.80; 95% CI, 1.03-3.16; P = .04) in the risk of death in patients with diabetic retinopathy; however, no increase was observed in patients with AMD or retinal vein occlusion. Administration of anti-VEGF drugs increased the risk of nonocular hemorrhage (OR, 1.46; 95% CI, 1.01-2.10), mainly in patients with AMD. Conclusions and Relevance: Intravitreal anti-VEGF was not associated with an increase in MACEs in the trials examined herein. Increased mortality in patients with diabetes and nonocular hemorrhages, especially in those with AMD, could represent a safety signal, but the evidence was not strong. However, continued surveillance of SAEs remains warranted.

16.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 114(5): 340-351, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33926830

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systems of care have been challenged to control progression of the COVID-19 pandemic. Whether this has been associated with delayed reperfusion and worse outcomes in French patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is unknown. AIM: To compare the rate of STEMI admissions, treatment delays, and outcomes between the first peak of the COVID-19 pandemic in France and the equivalent period in 2019. METHODS: In this nationwide French survey, data from consecutive STEMI patients from 65 centres referred for urgent revascularization between 1 March and 31 May 2020, and between 1 March and 31 May 2019, were analysed. The primary outcome was a composite of in-hospital death or non-fatal mechanical complications of acute myocardial infarction. RESULTS: A total of 6306 patients were included. During the pandemic peak, a 13.9±6.6% (P=0.003) decrease in STEMI admissions per week was observed. Delays between symptom onset and percutaneous coronary intervention were longer in 2020 versus 2019 (270 [interquartile range 150-705] vs 245 [140-646]min; P=0.013), driven by the increase in time from symptom onset to first medical contact (121 [60-360] vs 150 [62-420]min; P=0.002). During 2020, a greater number of mechanical complications was observed (0.9% vs 1.7%; P=0.029) leading to a significant difference in the primary outcome (112 patients [5.6%] in 2019 vs 129 [7.6%] in 2020; P=0.018). No significant difference was observed in rates of orotracheal intubation, in-hospital cardiac arrest, ventricular arrhythmias and cardiogenic shock. CONCLUSIONS: During the first peak of the COVID-19 pandemic in France, there was a decrease in STEMI admissions, associated with longer ischaemic time, exclusively driven by an increase in patient-related delays and an increase in mechanical complications. These findings suggest the need to encourage the population to seek medical help in case of symptoms.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Comorbidade , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Ruptura Cardíaca Pós-Infarto/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Hiperlipidemias/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/estatística & dados numéricos , Utilização de Procedimentos e Técnicas , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2 , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Fumar/epidemiologia , Stents , Tempo para o Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 44(6): 973-979, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33846979

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤35% ≥6 weeks following an acute myocardial infarction (MI) may indicate prophylactic implantation of a cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). We sought to find predictors of absence of significant left ventricular (LV) remodeling post-MI. METHODS: All consecutive patients hospitalized for acute MI with an LVEF ≤35% at discharge in our institution from 2010 were retrospectively included. Patients were assigned to two groups according to the persistence of an LVEF ≤35% (ICD+) or a recovery >35% (ICD-). Logistic regression was performed to build a predictive score, which was then externally validated. RESULTS: Among a total of 1533 consecutive MI patients, 150 met inclusion criteria, 53 (35%) in the ICD+ group and 97 in the ICD group. After multivariable analyses, an LVEF ≤25% at discharge (adjusted OR 6.23 [2.47 to 17.0], p < .0001) and a CPK peak at the MI acute phase >4600 UI/L (adjusted OR 9.99 [4.27 to 25.3], p < .0001) both independently predicted non-recovery at 6 weeks. The IC-D (Increased Cpk-LV Dysfunction) score predicted persistent LVEF ≤35% with areas under curve of 0.83 and 0.73, in the study population and in a multicenter validation cohort of 150 patients, respectively (p < .0001). CONCLUSIONS: The association of a severely reduced LVEF and a major release of myocardial necrosis biomarkers at the acute phase of MI predict unfavorable remodeling, and prophylactic ICD implantation.

18.
Am J Cardiovasc Drugs ; 21(5): 483-486, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33674980

RESUMO

In the 2020 European Society of Cardiology guidelines on non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS), the experts proposed to put an end to the equipoise of ticagrelor and prasugrel in addition to aspirin in patients with NSTE-ACS who proceed to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). They gave a strong level of recommendation (IIa) in favor of prasugrel over ticagrelor in these patients. We challenge this proposition, which was mainly driven by the results of ISAR-REACT 5, an open-label prospective head-to-head study of a prasugrel-based strategy compared with a ticagrelor-based strategy in patients with ACS undergoing PCI. In addition to the methodological concerns regarding the ISAR-REACT 5 study, we also question this decision in light of the ISAR-REACT 5 diabetes mellitus subgroup analysis and previous studies and meta-analysis that showed no difference between ticagrelor and prasugrel in patients with ACS. Although we agree with the "one size does not fit all" concept for antiplatelet regimens in patients with ACS who proceed to PCI, we believe that the decision to strongly favor prasugrel was premature and not supported enough by the ISAR-REACT 5 results. In our opinion, equipoise remains between the ticagrelor- and prasugrel-based strategies and more data are needed to settle the debate.

19.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; 10(4): 427-436, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33620376

RESUMO

AIMS: Important controversies remain concerning the determinants of life-threatening arrhythmias during ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and their impact on late adverse events. This study sought to investigate which factors might facilitate ventricular tachycardia (VT) and ventricular fibrillation (VF), in a homogeneous population of anterior STEMI patients defined by abrupt left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) occlusion and no collateral flow. METHODS AND RESULTS: The 967 patients, who entered into the CIRCUS (Does Cyclosporine ImpRove Clinical oUtcome in ST elevation myocardial infarction patients) study, were assessed for further analysis. Acute VT/VF was defined as VT (run of tachycardia >30 s either self-terminated or requiring electrical/pharmacological cardioversion) or VF documented by electrocardiogram or cardiac monitoring, during transportation to the cathlab or initial hospitalization. VT/VF was documented in 136 patients (14.1%). Patients with VT/VF were younger and had shorter time from symptom onset to hospital arrival. Site of LAD occlusion, thrombus burden, area at risk, pre-percutaneous coronary intervention Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction flow, and ST-segment resolution were similar to that of patients without VT/VF. There was no impact of VT/VF on left ventricular remodelling or clinical outcomes. By multivariate analysis, the use of morphine (odds ratio 1.71; 95% confidence interval (1.13-2.60); P = 0.012) was the sole independent predictor of VT/VF occurrence. CONCLUSIONS: In STEMI patients with LAD occlusion, our findings support the view that morphine could favour severe ventricular arrhythmias.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Humanos , Morfina/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Ventricular/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Ventricular/epidemiologia , Fibrilação Ventricular/etiologia
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