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1.
Eur J Clin Invest ; : e13526, 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33621347

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are limited data on sex-specific outcomes and management of cardiogenic shock complicating ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (CS-STEMI). We investigated whether any sex bias exists in the admission to revascularization capable hospitals (RCH) or intensive cardiac care units (ICCU) and its impact on in-hospital mortality. METHODS: We used the Spanish National Health System Minimum Basic Data from 2003 to 2015 to identify patients with CS-STEMI. The primary outcome was sex differences in in-hospital mortality. RESULTS: Among 340 490 STEMI patients, 20 262 (6%) had CS and 29.2% were female. CS incidence was higher in women than in men (7.9% vs 5.1%, P = .001). Women were older and had more hypertension and diabetes, and were less often admitted to RCH than men (from 58.7% in 2003 to 79.6% in 2015; and from 61.9% in 2003 to 85.3% in 2015; respectively, P = .01), and to ICCU centres (25.7% vs 29.2%, P = .001). Adjusted mortality was higher in women than men over time (from 79.5 ± 4.3% to 65.8 ± 6.5%; and from 67.8 ± 6% to 58.1 ± 6.5%; respectively, P < .001). ICCU availability was associated with higher use of Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in women (46.8% to 67.2%; P < .001) but was even higher in men (54.8% to 77.4%; P < .001). In ICCU centres, adjusted mortality rates decreased in both sexes, but lower in women (from 74.9 ± 5.4% to 66.3 ± 6.6%) than in men (from 67.8 ± 6.0% to 58.1 ± 6.5%, P < .001). Female sex was an independent predictor of mortality (OR 1.18 95% CI 1.10-1.27, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Women with CS-STEMI were less referred to tertiary-care centres and had a higher adjusted in-hospital mortality than men.

2.
Future Cardiol ; 2020 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33331173

RESUMO

Aim: To derive a new clinical score to improve the prediction of those at risk of poor International Normalized Ratio control among patients with atrial fibrillation taking vitamin K antagonists. Materials & methods: The score was calculated using PAULA database and validated in the FANTASIIA population. Results: The DAFNE score (cardiovascular Disease, concomitant treatment with Amiodarone, Food/dietary transgression and taking ≥7 pills daily, fEemale sex) score was related to a higher probability of poor International Normalized Ratio control. C-indexes were 0.611 and 0.576 (De Long test, p = 0.007) for the DAFNE and SAMe-TT2R2 scores, respectively. Conclusion: The DAFNE score is a new clinical score which may potentially help determine those patients with atrial fibrillation who are at high risk of poor anticoagulation control with vitamin K antagonists.

3.
Rev. esp. geriatr. gerontol. (Ed. impr.) ; 55(6): 338-342, nov.-dic. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-FGT-6057

RESUMO

ANTECEDENTES Y OBJETIVOS: La prevalencia de fibrilación auricular (FA) y cardiopatía isquémica (CI) aumenta con la edad. Coexisten en hasta un 20% de los pacientes octogenarios, situación que supone un desafío terapéutico. Los ensayos que han abordado este escenario, que incluyeron un porcentaje bajo de octogenarios, demostraron que la doble terapia (antiagregación simple + anticoagulación) en comparación con la triple terapia (doble antiagregación + anticoagulación) se asocia menos eventos hemorrágicos, especialmente con anticoagulantes orales de acción directa. Estos estudios no tenían potencia suficiente para detectar diferencias en eventos isquémicos. Por otro lado, aspectos prevalentes en la población mayor, como los síndromes geriátricos, no se valoraron en estos estudios, y tampoco en la práctica clínica habitual, desconociéndose su impacto pronóstico en este contexto clínico. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio observacional, prospectivo y multicéntrico, que incluirá pacientes ≥ 80 años con FA y CI en España. Se valorarán las características basales y los síndromes geriátricos, así como la elección del tratamiento antitrombótico. El objetivo primario es conocer la mortalidad cardiovascular y por todas las causas a uno y tres años. RESULTADOS: Este estudio permitirá conocer las características y el pronóstico de pacientes octogenarios con FA y CI en nuestro medio, los factores implicados en la elección del tratamiento antitrombótico y la incidencia de eventos isquémicos y hemorrágicos durante el seguimiento a corto y largo plazo. CONCLUSIONES: Nuestro trabajo contribuirá a mejorar el conocimiento en términos de seguridad y eficacia de las distintas opciones terapéuticas en pacientes mayores con FA y CI y su impacto pronóstico


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) and ischaemic heart disease (IHC) increases with age. They coexist in up to 20% of octogenarian patients, a situation that poses a therapeutic challenge. Trials that have addressed this scenario, which included a low percentage of octogenarians, showed that double therapy (single antiplatelet + anticoagulation) compared to triple therapy (double antiplatelet + anticoagulation) was associated with less bleeding events, especially with direct oral anticoagulants. These studies did not have sufficient power to detect differences in ischaemic events. On the other hand, prevalent characteristics in the elderly, such as geriatric syndromes, were not assessed in these studies, and are not usually evaluated in clinical practice. Accordingly, their prognostic impact remains unknown in this clinical context. METHODS: Observational, prospective, and multicentre study that will include patients ≥ 80 years with AF and IHC in Spain. Baseline characteristics and geriatric syndromes will be assessed, as well as the choice of antithrombotic treatment. The primary endpoint is cardiovascular and overall mortality at one and three years follow-up. RESULTS: This study will assess both characteristics and prognosis of octogenarian patients with AF and IHC in Spain, the factors involved in the choice of antithrombotic treatment, and the incidence of ischaemic and haemorrhagic events during the short- and long-term follow-up. CONCLUSION: This study will contribute to improve the knowledge in terms of safety and efficacy of the different therapeutic options in older patients with AF and IHC, as well as their prognostic impact

4.
Eur J Clin Invest ; : e13431, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065765

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) and peripheral artery disease (PAD) are common conditions that increase cardiovascular risk. We determined the association between PAD and prognosis in a cohort of real-world patients receiving oral anticoagulant therapy for nonvalvular AF. METHODS: We prospectively included 1956 patients (mean age 73.8 ± 9.5 years, 44.0% women) receiving oral anticoagulant therapy for AF. Clinical characteristics were collected at baseline. Patients were followed for a period of 3 years. Survival analysis and multivariable regression analyses were performed to assess variables related to death, stroke, bleeding, myocardial infarction and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). RESULTS: Patients with PAD (n = 118; 6%) exhibited higher rates of cardiovascular risk factors and cardiovascular diseases. After 3 years of follow-up, there were a total of 255 deaths (no PAD 233, vs PAD 22), 45 strokes (43 vs 2), 146 major bleedings (136 vs 10) and 168 MACE (148 vs 20). On univariate analysis, there was a higher risk of cardiovascular mortality (2.02%/year no PAD vs 4.08%/year PAD, P = .02), myocardial infarction (0.99%/year no PAD vs 2.43%/year PAD, P = .02) and MACE (3.18%/year no PAD vs 6.99%/year PAD, P < .01). There was no statistically significant association with these events after multivariable adjustment. CONCLUSIONS: In a large cohort of anticoagulated patients with AF, the presence of PAD represents a higher risk subgroup and is associated with worse crude outcomes. The exact contribution of the PAD independently of other cardiovascular diseases or risk factors requires further investigation.

6.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888884

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Network systems have achieved reductions in both time to reperfusion and in-hospital mortality in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, the data have not been disaggregated by sex. The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of network systems on sex differences in primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) and in-hospital mortality from 2005 to 2015. METHODS: The Minimum Data Set of the Spanish National Health System was used to identify patients with STEMI. Logistic multilevel regression models and Poisson regression analysis were used to calculate risk-standardized in-hospital mortality ratios and incidence rate ratios (IRRs). RESULTS: Of 324 998 STEMI patients, 277 281 were selected after exclusions (29% women). Even when STEMI networks were established, the use of reperfusion therapy (PCI, fibrinolysis, and CABG) was lower in women than in men from 2005 to 2015: 56.6% vs 75.6% in men and 36.4% vs 57.0% in women, respectively (both P<.001). pPCI use increased from 34.9% to 68.1% in men (IRR, 1.07) and from 21.7% to 51.7% in women (IRR, 1.08). The crude in-hospital mortality rate was higher in women (9.3% vs 18.7%; P<.001) but decreased from 2005 to 2015 (IRRs, 0.97 for men and 0.98 for women; both P < .001). Female sex was an independent risk factor for mortality (adjusted OR, 1.23; P<.001). The risk-standardized in-hospital mortality ratio was lower in women when STEMI networks were in place (16.9% vs 19.1%, P<.001). pPCI and the presence of STEMI networks were associated with lower in-hospital mortality in women (adjusted ORs, 0.30 and 0.75, respectively; both P<.001). CONCLUSIONS: Women were less likely to receive pPCI and had higher in-hospital mortality than men throughout the 11-year study period, even with the presence of a network system for STEMI.

8.
J Clin Med ; 9(9)2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878281

RESUMO

Previous studies have shown that heart failure is associated with worse health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The existence of differences according to gender remains controversial. We studied 1028 consecutive outpatients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) from a multicentre cross-sectional descriptive study across Spain that assessed HRQoL using two questionnaires (KCCQ, Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire; and EQ-5D, EuroQoL 5 dimensions). The primary objective of the study was to describe differences in HRQoL between men and women in global scores and domains of health status of patients and explore gender differences and its interactions with heart failure related factors. In adjusted analysis women had lower scores in KCCQ overall summary scores when compared to men denoting worse HRQoL (54.7 ± 1.3 vs. 62.7 ± 0.8, p < 0.0001), and specifically got lower score in domains of symptom frequency, symptoms burden, physical limitation, quality of life and social limitation. No differences were found in domains of symptom stability and self-efficacy. Women also had lower scores on all items of EQ-5D (EQ-5D index 0.58 ± 0.01 vs. 0.67 ± 0.01, p < 0.0001). Finally, we analyzed interaction between gender and different clinical determinants regarding the presence of limitations in the 5Q-5D and overall summary score of KCCQ. Interestingly, there was no statistical significance for interaction for any variable. In conclusion, women with HFrEF have worse HRQoL compared to men. These differences do not appear to be mediated by clinical or biological factors classically associated with HRQoL nor with heart failure severity.

9.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 73(9): 749-757, sept. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-187648

RESUMO

La pandemia producida por la infección del nuevo coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, que da lugar a una enfermedad altamente contagiosa (COVID-19), ha producido un colapso de los sistemas sanitarios de todo el mundo. Se ha descrito que estos pacientes sufren un estado inflamatorio que condiciona un alto riesgo trombótico. Sin embargo, apenas hay información sobre cómo abordar el riesgo trombótico, la coagulopatía y el tratamiento anticoagulante de estos pacientes. Por otra parte, incluso los pacientes no infectados por COVID-19 sufren una tremenda influencia en su abordaje habitual por la situación sanitaria actual. El objetivo del presente documento, elaborado por el Grupo de Trabajo de Trombosis Cardiovascular de la Sociedad Española de Cardiología, es presentar la información disponible y dar unas pautas sencillas de tratamiento con fármacos antitrombóticos


The new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, which gives rise to the highly contagious COVID-19 disease, has caused a pandemic that is overwhelming health care systems worldwide. Affected patients have been reported to have a heightened inflammatory state that increases their thrombotic risk. However, there is very scarce information on the management of thrombotic risk, coagulation disorders, and anticoagulant therapy. In addition, the situation has also greatly influenced usual care in patients not infected with COVID-19. This article by the Working Group on Cardiovascular Thrombosis of the Spanish Society of Cardiology aims to summarize the available information and to provide a practical approach to the management of antithrombotic therapy


Assuntos
Humanos , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Vírus da SARS/patogenicidade , Trombose/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/tratamento farmacológico , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Trombose/prevenção & controle , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/administração & dosagem , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/fisiopatologia , Interações Medicamentosas
10.
J Electrocardiol ; 62: 100-102, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32841864

RESUMO

This paper reports 6 cases of patients affected by coronavirus disease 2019 bilateral pneumonia with associated acute respiratory distress associated and signs of acute right ventricular hypertrophy on electrocardiography despite the absence of acute pulmonary embolism or signs of severe pulmonary hypertension on transthoracic echocardiography. These cases suggest a possible connection between acute elevated right ventricular afterload and acute respiratory distress in patients affected by SARS-CoV-2.

11.
Rev Esp Geriatr Gerontol ; 55(6): 338-342, 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32718577

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) and ischaemic heart disease (IHC) increases with age. They coexist in up to 20% of octogenarian patients, a situation that poses a therapeutic challenge. Trials that have addressed this scenario, which included a low percentage of octogenarians, showed that double therapy (single antiplatelet + anticoagulation) compared to triple therapy (double antiplatelet + anticoagulation) was associated with less bleeding events, especially with direct oral anticoagulants. These studies did not have sufficient power to detect differences in ischaemic events. On the other hand, prevalent characteristics in the elderly, such as geriatric syndromes, were not assessed in these studies, and are not usually evaluated in clinical practice. Accordingly, their prognostic impact remains unknown in this clinical context. METHODS: Observational, prospective, and multicentre study that will include patients ≥ 80 years with AF and IHC in Spain. Baseline characteristics and geriatric syndromes will be assessed, as well as the choice of antithrombotic treatment. The primary endpoint is cardiovascular and overall mortality at one and three years follow-up. RESULTS: This study will assess both characteristics and prognosis of octogenarian patients with AF and IHC in Spain, the factors involved in the choice of antithrombotic treatment, and the incidence of ischaemic and haemorrhagic events during the short- and long-term follow-up. CONCLUSION: This study will contribute to improve the knowledge in terms of safety and efficacy of the different therapeutic options in older patients with AF and IHC, as well as their prognostic impact.

12.
Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) ; 73(10): 802-803, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32605807
13.
Ann Med ; 52(6): 300-309, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32500748

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with diabetes (DM) have high risk of cardiovascular events. PURPOSE: To compare clinical characteristics, adverse outcomes and quality of anticoagulation in AF patients regarding DM status. METHODS: AF patients from FANTASIIA registry were included. Baseline characteristics and comorbidities were recorded. After 2-years follow-up, the association between adverse events and DM was evaluated. RESULTS: 1956 patients (mean age 73.8 ± 9.5 years, 56% male) were analyzed; 574 (29.3%) had DM. Diabetic patients had also high prevalence of hypertension (90.6% vs 76.1%; p < .001) or renal disease (21.4% vs 15.9%; p < .001). After median follow-up of 1077 days (IQR 766-1113 days), diabetic patients had high total mortality (16.9%/year vs 11.4%/year; p < .001), cardiovascular mortality (9.1%/year vs 3.9%/year; p < .001) and MACE (12.9%/year vs 6.8%/year; p < .001). DM patients had poor anticoagulation control (time in therapeutic range: 58.52 ± 24.37% vs 62.68 ± 25.31%; p = .002). DM with lower TTR showed higher cardiovascular death and MACE. Multivariate analysis showed an independent association between DM and cardiovascular mortality [HR 1.73 (IC95% 1.07-2.80); p = .024]. CONCLUSION: AF Diabetic patients have higher comorbidities and poorer TTR than nondiabetic patients. Low TTR was associated with adverse events. The risk of cardiovascular outcomes was higher in DM patients, with independent association between DM and mortality risk.

14.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32561143

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Conflicting results have been reported on the possible existence of sex differences in mortality after myocardial infarction (MI). There is also a scarcity of data on the impact of sex on outcomes after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-STEMI (NSTEMI). The aim of this study was to analyze sex difference trends in sex-related differences in mortality for STEMI and NSTEMI. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 445 145 episodes of MI (2005-2015) was carried out using information from the Spanish National Health System. The incidence rates were expressed as events per 10 000 person-years. The denominators (age-specific groups) were obtained from the nationwide census. We calculated crude and adjusted (multilevel logistic regression) mortality. Poisson regression analysis was used to study temporal trends for in-hospital mortality. RESULTS: A total of 69.8% episodes occurred in men. The mean age in men was 66.1±13.3 years, which was significantly younger than in women, 74.9±12.1 (P<.001). A total of 272 407 (61.2%) episodes were STEMI, and 172 738 (38.8%) were NSTEMI. Women accounted for 28.8% of STEMI and 33.9% of NSTEMI episodes (P <.001). The effect of female sex on risk-adjusted models for in-hospital mortality was the opposite in STEMI (OR for women, 1.18; 95%CI, 1.14-1.22; P <.001) and NSTEMI (OR for women, 0.85; 95%CI, 0.81-0.89; P <.001). MI hospitalization rates were higher in men than in women for all age groups [20 vs 7.7 per 10 000 individuals aged 35-94 years (P <.001)], with a trend to diminish in both sexes. CONCLUSIONS: Women had a slight but significantly increased risk of in-hospital mortality after MI, but the effect of sex depended on MI type, with women exhibiting higher mortality for STEMI and lower mortality for NSTEMI.

15.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 417, 2020 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32546269

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most serious complications of infective endocarditis (IE) appear in the so-called "critical phase" of the disease, which represents the first days after diagnosis. The majority of patients overcoming the acute phase has a favorable outcome, yet they remain hospitalized for a long period of time mainly to complete antibiotic therapy. The major hypothesis of this trial is that in patients with clinically stable IE and adequate response to antibiotic treatment, without signs of persistent infection, periannular complications or metastatic foci, a shorter antibiotic time period would be as efficient and safe as the classic 4 to 6 weeks antibiotic regimen. METHODS: Multicenter, prospective, randomized, controlled open-label, phase IV clinical trial with a non-inferiority design to evaluate the efficacy of a short course (2 weeks) of parenteral antibiotic therapy compared with conventional antibiotic therapy (4-6 weeks). SAMPLE: patients with IE caused by gram-positive cocci, having received at least 10 days of conventional antibiotic treatment, and at least 7 days after surgery when indicated, without clinical, analytical, microbiological or echocardiographic signs of persistent infection. Estimated sample size: 298 patients. INTERVENTION: Control group: standard duration antibiotic therapy, (4 to 6 weeks) according to ESC guidelines recommendations. Experimental group: short-course antibiotic therapy for 2 weeks. The incidence of the primary composite endpoint of all-cause mortality, unplanned cardiac surgery, symptomatic embolisms and relapses within 6 months after the inclusion in the study will be prospectively registered and compared. CONCLUSIONS: SATIE will investigate whether a two weeks short-course of intravenous antibiotics in patients with IE caused by gram-positive cocci, without signs of persistent infection, is not inferior in safety and efficacy to conventional antibiotic treatment (4-6 weeks). TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04222257 (January 7, 2020). EudraCT 2019-003358-10.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Endocardite Bacteriana/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/tratamento farmacológico , Cocos Gram-Positivos/isolamento & purificação , Administração Intravenosa , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos Clínicos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/microbiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol Ther ; 25(4): 316-323, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228180

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe major events at follow up in octogenarian patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) according to anticoagulant treatment: direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) versus vitamin K antagonists (VKAs). METHODS: A total of 578 anticoagulated patients aged ≥80 years with AF were included in a prospective, observational, multicenter study. Basal features, embolic events (stroke and systemic embolism), severe bleedings, and all-cause mortality at follow up were investigated according to the anticoagulant treatment received. RESULTS: Mean age was 84.0 ± 3.4 years, 56% were women. Direct oral anticoagulants were prescribed to 123 (21.3%) patients. Compared with 455 (78.7%) patients treated with VKAs, those treated with DOACs presented a lower frequency of permanent AF (52.9% vs 61.6%, P = .01), cancer history (4.9% vs 10.9%, P = .046), renal failure (21.1% vs 32.2%, P = .02), and left ventricular dysfunction (2.4% vs 8.0%, P = .03); and higher frequency of previous stroke (26.0% vs 16.6%, P = .02) and previous major bleeding (8.1% vs 3.6%, P = .03). There were no significant differences in Charlson, CHA2DS2VASc, nor HAS-BLED scores. At 3-year follow up, rates of embolic events, severe bleedings, and all-cause death (per 100 patients-year) were similar in both groups (DOACs vs VKAs): 0.34 vs 1.35 (P = .15), 3.45 vs 4.41 (P = .48), and 8.2 vs 11.0 (P = .18), respectively, without significant differences after multivariate analysis (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.25, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.03-1.93, P = .19; HR: 0.88, 95% CI: 0.44-1.76, P = .72 and HR: 0.84, 95% CI: 0.53-1.33, P = .46, respectively). CONCLUSION: In this "real-world" registry, the differences in major events rates in octogenarians with AF were not statistically significant in those treated with DOACs versus VKAs.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores do Fator Xa/administração & dosagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores , Administração Oral , Fatores Etários , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/mortalidade , Inibidores do Fator Xa/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 73(2): 161-167, feb. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-195008

RESUMO

El control actual de la concentración de colesterol unido a lipoproteínas de baja densidad en el paciente con enfermedad cardiovascular ateroesclerótica es muy escaso y esto se asocia con un aumento del riesgo de que se presenten complicaciones cardiovasculares. Además, cuanto más tarde se logren dichos objetivos, el riesgo será mayor. Esto se debe principalmente a un uso insuficiente de las terapias hipolipemiantes actualmente disponibles. De hecho, con los tratamientos actuales (estatinas, ezetimiba e inhibidores de la proteína PCSK9), la mayoría de los pacientes en prevención secundaria debería lograr los objetivos de control del colesterol unido a lipoproteínas de baja densidad. Por estos motivos, en el presente documento promovido por la Sociedad Española de Cardiología se proponen 3 algoritmos de abordaje sencillos y fácilmente aplicables, que abarcan la mayoría de las situaciones clínicas que nos podemos encontrar en los pacientes con cardiopatía isquémica, con el doble objetivo de lograr controlar a la mayoría de los pacientes y hacerlo lo antes posible, ya que el beneficio en prevención secundaria depende del riesgo y del tiempo


The current control of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol among patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is very low and this is associated with an increase of cardiovascular outcomes. In addition, the latter this happens, the risk will be greater. This is mainly due to an insufficient use of the lipid-lowering therapy currently available. In fact, with current treatments (statins, ezetimibe and PCSK9 inhibitors), the majority of patients in secondary prevention should achieve low-density lipoprotein cholesterol goals. For these reasons, in this manuscript promoted by the Spanish Society of Cardiology we propose three simple and feasible decision-making algorithms that include the majority of clinical scenarios among patients with ischemic heart disease, with the double aim of attaining therapeutic goals in the majority of patients as soon as possible; in secondary prevention the magnitude of the benefit is risk- and time-dependent


Assuntos
Humanos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Hipolipemiantes/administração & dosagem , Lipídeos/sangue , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Padrões de Referência , Sociedades Médicas , Algoritmos , Espanha
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