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1.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 178, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420010

RESUMO

Tandem organic solar cells are based on the device structure monolithically connecting two solar cells to broaden overall absorption spectrum and utilize the photon energy more efficiently. Herein, we demonstrate a simple strategy of inserting a double bond between the central core and end groups of the small molecule acceptor Y6 to extend its conjugation length and absorption range. As a result, a new narrow bandgap acceptor BTPV-4F was synthesized with an optical bandgap of 1.21 eV. The single-junction devices based on BTPV-4F as acceptor achieved a power conversion efficiency of over 13.4% with a high short-circuit current density of 28.9 mA cm-2. With adopting BTPV-4F as the rear cell acceptor material, the resulting tandem devices reached a high power conversion efficiency of over 16.4% with good photostability. The results indicate that BTPV-4F is an efficient infrared-absorbing narrow bandgap acceptor and has great potential to be applied into tandem organic solar cells.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32427404

RESUMO

Demonstrated in this work is a simple random ternary copolymerization strategy to synthesize a series of polymer acceptors, PTPBT-ETx , by polymerizing a small-molecule acceptor unit modified from Y6 with a thiophene connecting unit and a controlled amount of an 3-ethylesterthiophene (ET) unit. Compared to PTPBT of only Y6-like units and thiophene units, PTPBT-ETx (where x represents the molar ratio of the ET unit) with an incorporated ET unit in the ternary copolymers show up-shifted LUMO energy levels, increased electron mobilities, and improved blend morphologies in the blend film with the polymer donor PBDB-T. And the all-polymer solar cell (all-PSC) based on PBDB-T:PTPBT-ET0.3 achieved a high power conversion efficiency over 12.5 %. In addition, the PTPBT-ET0.3 -based all-PSC also exhibits long-term photostability over 300 hours.

3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(23): 26239-26249, 2020 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32410453

RESUMO

High-performance low-band-gap polymer semiconductors are visibly colored, making them unsuitable for transparent and imperceptible electronics without reducing film thickness to the nanoscale range. Herein, we demonstrate polymer/insulator blends exhibiting favorable miscibility that improves the transparency and carrier transport in an organic field-effect transistor (OFET) device. The mesoscale structures leading to more efficient charge transport in ultrathin films relevant to the realization of transparent and flexible electronic applications are explored based on thermodynamic material interaction principles in conjunction with optical and morphological studies. By blending the commodity polymer polystyrene (PS) with two high-performing polymers, PDPP3T and P (NDI2OD-T2) (known as N2200), a drastic difference in morphology and fiber network are observed due to considerable differences in the degree of thermodynamic interaction between the conjugated polymers and PS. Intrinsic material interaction behavior establishes a long-range intermolecular interaction in the PDPP3T polymer fibrillar network dispersed in the majority (80%) PS matrix resulting in a ca. 3-fold increased transistor hole mobility of 1.15 cm2 V-1 s-1 (highest = 1.5 cm2 V-1 s-1) as compared to the pristine material, while PS barely affects the electron mobility in N2200. These basic findings provide important guidelines to achieve high mobility in transparent OFETs.

4.
Adv Mater ; 30(27): e1706361, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29782668

RESUMO

Two medium-bandgap p-type organic small molecules H21 and H22 with an alkylsily-thienyl conjugated side chain on benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene central units are synthesized and used as donors in all-small-molecule organic solar cells (SM-OSCs) with a narrow-bandgap n-type small molecule 2,2'-((2Z,2'Z)-((4,4,9,9-tetrahexyl-4,9-dihydro-s-indaceno[1,2-b:5,6-b']dithiophene-2,7-diyl)bis(methanylylidene))bis(3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-indene-2,1-diylidene))dimalononitrile (IDIC) as the acceptor. In comparison to H21 with 3-ethyl rhodanine as the terminal group, H22 with cyanoacetic acid esters as the terminal group shows blueshifted absorption, higher charge-carrier mobility and better 3D charge pathway in blend films. The power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the SM-OSCs based on H22:IDIC reaches 10.29% with a higher open-circuit voltage of 0.942 V and a higher fill factor of 71.15%. The PCE of 10.29% is among the top efficiencies of nonfullerene SM-OSCs reported in the literature to date.

5.
Adv Funct Mater ; 29(5)2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33061870

RESUMO

Intra- and intermolecular ordering greatly impact the electronic and optoelectronic properties of semiconducting polymers. Despite much prior efforts regarding molecular packing, the interrelationship between ordering of alkyl sidechains and conjugated backbones has not been fully detailed. We report here the discovery of a highly ordered alkyl sidechain phase in six representative semiconducting polymers, determined from distinct spectroscopic and diffraction signatures. The sidechain ordering exhibits unusually large coherence lengths of at least 70 nm, induces torsional/twisting backbone disorder, and results in a vertically layered multilayer nanostructure with ordered sidechain layers alternating with disordered backbone layers. Calorimetry and in-situ variable temperature scattering measurements in a model system PBnDT-FTAZ clearly delineate this competition of ordering that prevents the simultaneous long-range order of both moieties. The long-range sidechain ordering can be exploited as a transient state to fabricate PBnDT-FTAZ films with an atypical edge-on texture and 2.5x improved OFET mobility. The observed influence of ordering between the moieties implies that improved molecular design could produce synergistic rather than destructive ordering effects. Given the large sidechain coherence lengths observed, such synergistic ordering should greatly improve the coherence length of backbone ordering and thereby improve electronic and optoelectronic properties such as charge transport and exciton diffusion lengths.

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