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1.
Clin Nutr ESPEN ; 35: 75-80, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31987124

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition and nutrition-related diseases are associated with hospital admissions, disability, institutionalization, and mortality in older people. Specialists in Geriatric Medicine and nutrition evaluate nutritional status as part of the comprehensive geriatric assessment; however, malnutrition still remains under-recognized and under-managed. Our survey explored nutrition assessment approaches used in daily clinical practice by geriatricians across Europe. METHODS: A 19-item survey on methods and instruments for malnutrition assessment in geriatric settings, and details of any national guidelines, was sent to 40 postgraduate fellows of the European Academy of Medicine of Aging (EAMA, 2017-2019 class). RESULTS: Thirty-six of the 40 eligible EAMA participants, representing 14 European countries, responded. In clinical practice, MNA and MNA-SF were most frequently used for screening (44.1%, 52.9%, respectively) and diagnosing (45.7%, 40.0%) malnutrition. Weight loss (n = 36, 100%), body mass index (n = 30, 85.7%), and low energy/food intake (n = 27, 77.1%) were the most frequent clinical variables considered. The absolute and relative amount of weight loss, and over what time period, varied widely. These routinely considered clinical factors contribute to validated GLIM, ASPEN-AND and ESPEN criteria for diagnosis of malnutrition, but these criteria were seldom used (GLIM = 0%, ASPEN = 0%; n = 9, ESPEN = 25.7%). National guidelines were available in 9 of the 14 countries, and generally recommended MNA and MNA-SF for community-dwelling and hospitalized older patients. Albumin was often suggested as a nutritional marker. CONCLUSIONS: Nutritional assessment is systematically performed in geriatrics; but differs widely among geriatricians and countries. Harmonizing guidelines with the new international consensus might provide best-evidence care for older people across Europe.

2.
Eur J Clin Nutr ; 74(2): 231-247, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907366

RESUMO

Vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency has become a pandemic health problem with a consequent increase of requests for determining circulating levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D]. However, the analytical performance of these immunoassays, including radioimmunoassay and ELISA, is highly variable, and even mass spectrometric methods, which nowadays serves as the gold standard for the quantitatively determination of 25(OH)D, do not necessarily produce comparable results, creating limitations for the definition of normal vitamin D status ranges. To solve this problem, great efforts have been made to promote standardization of laboratory assays, which is important to achieve comparable results across different methods and manufacturers. In this review, we performed a systematic analysis evaluating critically the advantages and limits of the current assays available for the measure of vitamin D status, i.e., circulating 25(OH)D and its metabolites, making suggestions that could be used in the clinical practice. Moreover, we also suggest the use of alternatives to blood test, including standardized surveys that may be of value in alerting health-care professionals about the vitamin D status of their patients.

4.
Maturitas ; 132: 35-39, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31883661

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The use of vitamin K antagonists (VKA) is associated with the onset of vascular and soft-tissue calcifications. Whether there are more intracranial calcifications under VKA remains unclear. The objective of this study was to determine whether the regular use of VKA in older adults was associated with an increased burden of intracranial calcifications compared with the use of direct oral anticoagulant (DOA). STUDY DESIGN: Nineteen patients aged 70 years or more using VKA for more than 3 months and 19 controls (matched for age, gender and indication for anticoagulation) using DOA for more than 3 months were consecutively included in this study. MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURES: The burden of intracranial calcifications was graded by an experienced neuroradiologist from 0 (no burden) to 3 (high burden) according to the quantity, size, intensity and confluence of calcifications on computed tomography scan of the brain. Age, gender, frontal assessment battery (FAB) score, hypertension, dyslipidaemia, carotid artery stenosis, kidney failure and indication for anticoagulation were investigated as potential confounders. RESULTS: The 19 patients using VKA (median[IQR], 84years[7]; 10females) exhibited a greater burden of falcian calcifications than the 19 controls using DOA (respectively, 2[1] versus 1[2], P = 0.025). Overall, we found that using VKA was directly associated with the global burden of intracranial calcifications (ß = 1.54, P = 0.049). No correlation was found with calcifications in sites other than the falx cerebri. CONCLUSIONS: The use of VKA was associated with a greater burden of intracranial calcifications compared with the use of DOA, specifically in the falx cerebri. This finding may explain part of the neurocognitive morbidity met with VKA.

5.
J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol ; 199: 105568, 2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31870913

RESUMO

Maternal vitamin D deficiency is considered to be the key determinant of the development of neonatal vitamin D deficiency at birth and during early infancy. Specific vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms have been associated with adverse pregnancy and offspring outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of maternal and neonatal VDR polymorphisms (ApaI, TaqI, BsmI, FokI, Tru9I) on maternal and neonatal vitamin D status. VDR polymorphisms were genotyped in 70 mother-neonate pairs of Greek origin, and classified according to international thresholds for Vitamin D status. Mean neonatal and maternal 25-hydroxy-vitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations were 35 ± 20 and 47 ± 26 nmol/l, respectively. Neonatal VDR polymorphisms were not associated with neonatal 25(OH)D concentrations. In contrast, mothers with the Fokl FF polymorphism had a 70 % lower risk of vitamin D deficiency [25(OH)D <30 nmol/l] compared with ff ones, after adjustment for several confounders. They were also in 73 % and 88 % lower risk of giving birth to vitamin D deficient [25(OH)D <30 nmol/l] neonates compared with Ff and ff mothers, respectively. These results suggest a protective role of maternal Fokl FF genotype against both maternal and neonatal vitamin D deficiency. Further studies are needed to clarify the complex gene-gene and gene-environment interactions that determine vitamin D status at birth.

6.
J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol ; 198: 105555, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783152

RESUMO

Absence of adequate maternal vitamin D supplementation and decreased maternal ultraviolet exposure during pregnancy are key determinants for the manifestation of neonatal hypovitaminosis D at birth. These parameters may vary, according to country-specific dietary patterns, health policies and sunshine exposure. We aimed to investigate differences in calcium metabolism and anthropometric profiles according to neonatal vitamin D status at birth, in a sunny region of Northern Greece. A secondary aim was to identify maternal parameters as risk factors for developing neonatal vitamin D deficiency at birth. A total of 129 mother-neonate pairs were included in the study and classified into three groups, according to neonatal 25-hydroxy-D [25(OH)D)] concentrations at birth [deficiency (<30 nmol/l), insufficiency (30-50 nmol/l) and sufficiency (>50 nmol/l)]. Neonatal biochemical and anthropometric profiles and maternal demographic, social, dietary and biochemical profiles were comparatively evaluated between the three groups. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression was performed to identify independent associations of maternal factors with neonatal vitamin D status. Vitamin D deficient-neonates manifested higher parathyroid hormone (7.20 ± 2.60 vs 5.50 ± 1.50 pg/ml, p = 0.01) and lower corrected calcium (10.70 ± 0.70 vs 11.30 ± 1.30 mg/dl, p = 0.02) concentrations compared with vitamin d-insufficient neonates. Mothers of vitamin D deficient and insufficient neonates had a lower total of 25(OH)D (31.7 ± 19.2 and 36.5 ± 22.3 vs 53.3 ± 39.0 nmol/l, p < 0.01) and 25(OH)D3 (27.4 ± 17.5 and 33.3 ± 19.9 vs 47.3 ± 36.7 nmol/l, p < 0.01 and p = 0.04, respectively) concentrations respectively, compared with those of vitamin D-sufficient neonates. Maternal use of alcohol during pregnancy was associated with a 5.57-fold higher risk for neonatal vitamin D deficiency at birth (OR 5.57, 95 % CI1.17-26.56, p = 0.03). Newborns with vitamin D deficiency presented a 6.89-fold higher risk of having been given birth by vitamin D deficient mothers (OR 6.89, 95 % CI 3.09-15.38, p < 0.01). In conclusion, neonatal vitamin D deficiency is associated with maternal 25(OH)D concentrations at birth and maternal alcohol use. Further studies are required to replicate these findings in other regions and populations.

7.
BMC Geriatr ; 19(1): 322, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752699

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Very old critical ill patients are a rapid expanding group. To better understand the magnitude of the challenges involved in intensive care practice for an ageing population and discuss a rational allocation of resources, healthcare practitioners need a reliable evaluation of frailty. In order to promote the adequate use of the Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) in a wider panel of countries, we aimed to develop, validate and characterise a French (FR) version from the original English (EN) CFS. METHODS: We included participants recruited prospectively for the observational "The very old intensive care patient: A multinational prospective observation study" (VIP Study) at Geneva University Hospitals (FR speaking hospital). A FR version of the CFS was obtained by translation (EN- > FR) and back translation (FR- > EN). The final CFS-FR was then evaluated twice on the same participants with at least a 2-week interval by FR-speaking doctors and nurses. RESULTS: Inter-rater reliability was 0.87 (95%CI: 0.76-0.93) between doctors for the original CFS version and 0.76 (95%CI: 0.57-0.87) between nurses for the FR version. Inter-rater variability between doctor and nurse was 0.75 (95%CI: 0.56-0.87) for the original version, and 0.73 (95%CI: 0.52-0.85) for the FR version. Test-retest (stability) with the original vs the FR version was 0.86 (95%CI: 0.72-0.93) for doctors and 0.87 (95%CI: 0.76-0.93) for nurses. Differences between the evaluations of the CFS-EN and CSF-FR were not different from 0, with a mean difference of 0.06 (95%CI -0.24, 0.36) for the EN version and - 0.03 (95%CI -0.47, 0.41) for the FR version. Average original version ratings were slightly lower than FR version ratings, though this difference did not reach significance: -0.29 (95%CI -0.54, 0.04). CONCLUSION: In this prospective cohort of very old intensive care participants we developed and tested the basic psychometric properties (internal consistency, reproducibility) of a French version of the CFS. This manuscript provides clinically meaningful psychometric properties that have not been previously reported in any other language, including in the original EN version. The French cultural adaptation of this CFS has adequate psychometric properties for doctors or nurses to evaluate frailty in very old intensive care patients.

8.
Maturitas ; 130: 38-40, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706434

RESUMO

Our objective was to determine whether the provision of therapeutic advice (i.e., any recommendation for an increase or decrease in drug dosage, or for the addition, withdrawal or replacement of at least one drug) by hospital geriatric mobile teams (GMTs) was associated with long-term mortality among older inpatients. Data on therapeutic advice provided by the GMT of Angers University Hospital, France, were collected from 694 consecutive inpatients examined in 2012 (mean age 84.4 ± 6.3 years; 65.6% female), who were followed up after 3 years. We found no between-group differences regarding the 3-year mortality (P = 0.30) and no cumulative survival difference (log-rank P = 0.43). The provision of therapeutic advice by a GMT was not associated with better 3-year survival (HR = 1.18, P = 0.40) in these frail inpatients.

10.
Curr Alzheimer Res ; 16(11): 1063-1071, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vitamin D insufficiency is associated with brain changes, and cognitive and mobility declines in older adults. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to investigate in older adults whether vitamin D insufficiency<50nmol/L was associated with thinner cingulate cortex, a brain area related to cognitive functions influenced by vitamin D. METHODS: Two hundred and fifteen Caucasian older community-dwellers (mean±SD, 72.1±5.5years; 40% female) received a blood test and brain MRI. The thickness of perigenual anterior cingulate cortex, midcingulate cortex and posterior cingulate cortex was measured using FreeSurfer from T1-weighted MR images. Age, gender, education, BMI, mean arterial pressure, comorbidities, use of vitamin D supplements or anti-vascular drugs, MMSE, GDS, IADL, serum calcium and vitamin B9 concentrations, creatinine clearance were used as covariables. RESULTS: Participants with vitamin D insufficiency (n=80) had thinner total cingulate thickness than the others (24.6±1.9mm versus 25.3±1.4mm, P=0.001); a significant difference found for all 3 regions. Vitamin D insufficiency was cross-sectionally associated with a decreased total cingulate thickness (ß=- 0.49, P=0.028). Serum 25OHD concentration correlated positively with the thickness of perigenual anterior (P=0.011), midcingulate (P=0.013) and posterior cingulate cortex (P=0.021). CONCLUSION: Vitamin D insufficiency was associated with thinner cingulate cortex in the studied sample of older adults. These findings provide insight into the pathophysiology of cognitive and mobility declines in older adults with vitamin D insufficiency.

11.
J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol ; 197: 105523, 2019 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689505

RESUMO

The 16-item Vitamin D Status Diagnosticator (VDSD) tool was built to diagnose, without resorting to a blood test, hypovitaminosis D among healthy seniors living at home. The objective of this study was to determine the feasibility of the VDSD by general practitioners (GPs), the acceptability to outpatients, and the diagnostic accuracy of the VDSD in primary care. Ten French GPs were asked from March to May 2015 to perform the VDSD in 30 consecutive outpatients aged ≥70years, living at home, presenting with a history of recurrent falls and/or osteomalacia, and taking no vitamin D supplements. Feasibility was defined as a proportion >70% of VDSD forms fully completed. Completing time, acceptance rate and, when applicable, the reasons for non-completing were assessed, together with the metrological properties of the VDSD to identify hypovitaminosis D ≤75nmol/L, or ≤50nmol/L or ≤25nmol/L. Of the 242 enrolled patients, 218 (mean, 79 ±â€¯6years; 46.3% women) received a VDSD, i.e. completing rate of 90.1%, with an average completing time of 1 min and 48s. The acceptance rate by the patients was 98.8%, and all GPs were satisfied with the tool. The VDSD identified hypovitaminosis D≤75nmol/L with an accuracy of 84.7%, hypovitaminosis D≤50nmol/L with accuracy 75.4%, and hypovitaminosis D≤25nmol/L with accuracy 71.0% (n = 183 assays). The 16-item VDSD can be considered as feasible, acceptable and accurate for diagnosing hypovitaminosis D among older outpatients in primary care without resorting to an expensive blood test.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556879

RESUMO

The hippocampus is a small internal temporal cerebral structure, which plays a primordial role in the mechanisms of memory. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the reference imaging modality for the hippocampal analysis. In older adults, dementia represents the majority of hippocampal diseases, but other specific pathologies must be known in the differential diagnosis. Many hippocampal abnormalities are represented by a loss of substance (atrophy). However, most acute or recent hippocampal damage is detected by MRI signal abnormalities. The aim of this article is to offer a pictorial review of the normal and pathological hippocampal aspects of older adults, during degenerative, infectious, vascular, inflammatory, tumoral, toxic and metabolic disorders.

13.
Eur J Intern Med ; 68: 51-54, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387843

RESUMO

The International Staging System (ISS) -calculated from serum albumin and beta-2 microglobulin (ß2m)- is an established prognostic marker in multiple myeloma (MM), which has also been suggested to account for survival among general senior population. Our objective was to examine long-term survival of older women free of MM according to baseline ISS. The study included 230 community-dwelling healthy older women without known MM from the EPIDOS cohort (mean ±â€¯SD, 80.4 ±â€¯3.4 years). Serum albumin and ß2m were measured at baseline, and used to calculate the ISS a posteriori. Abnormal ISS was defined as ISS = 2 or ISS = 3, although ISS = 1 was considered normal. The vital status was sought after a mean follow-up of 17.6 ±â€¯0.2 years (range, 16.8-18.3). Age, body mass index, mean arterial pressure, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, coronary heart disease, stroke, use corticosteroids, number of drugs daily taken, smoking, physical activity, fall history, bone mineral density, and creatinine clearance were used as potential confounders. All participants died during the 17-year follow-up. Compared to women with normal ISS, those with abnormal ISS (n = 24) had shorter survival time (4.9 ±â€¯4.3 versus 8.7 ±â€¯5.2 years, P = .001) and died earlier (85.6 ±â€¯4.8 versus 89.1 ±â€¯5.6 years old, P = .003). Survival time after blood test correlated with both serum albumin (r = 0.16, P = .015) and ß2m (r = -0.27, P < .001). Cox regression revealed that abnormal ISS was associated with mortality (adjusted HR = 3.03, P < .001). Kaplan-Meier distributions showed that participants with abnormal ISS died earlier than those with normal ISS (log-rank P < .001). In conclusion, community-dwelling older women with abnormal ISS had shorter survival time than the others, suggesting that ISS could be considered as a universal prognostic "aging system" rather than a specific MM "staging system".

14.
Geriatr Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil ; 17(3): 254-260, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31328719

RESUMO

Falls in older adults are a frequent reason for admission to the emergency department, associated with greater morbidity and mortality risks, and justify specialized geriatric expertise. Our objective was to determine i) the number of older fallers admitted to the emergency department for a serious fall, and ii) the proportion of those who were referred to a geriatrician in the following 12 months. METHODS: We included all patients aged 75 and over admitted to the emergency department of the University hospital of Angers, France, for a fall between 1st October and 1st November 2015. The consensual criteria proposed by the French national authority for health (2009) were used to define serious falls. RESULTS: Of the 214 older fallers admitted to the emergency department, 213 (99.5%) had at least one severity criterion for the fall. Only 40 older patients (18.7%) were referred to a geriatrician during the following 12 months. They exhibited more frequently a post-fall syndrome (p=0.007), more than 3 fall risk factors (p <0.001), and took more often an anticoagulant (p=0.032) than those who had not been referred to a geriatrician. CONCLUSIONS: Although almost all older fallers admitted to the emergency room had experienced a serious fall, only a minority of them received a geriatric assessment in the following year.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Avaliação Geriátrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índices de Gravidade do Trauma , Resultado do Tratamento , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/etiologia
15.
Int J Vitam Nutr Res ; : 1-5, 2019 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31056012

RESUMO

Despite the high prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in older adults, universal vitamin D supplementation is not recommended due to potential risk of intoxication. Our aim here was to determine the clinical profiles of older community-dwellers with hypovitaminosis D. The perspective is to build novel strategies to screen for and supplement those with hypovitaminosis D. A classification tree (CHAID analysis) was performed on multiple datasets standardizedly collected from 1991 older French community-dwelling volunteers ≥ 65 years in 2009-2012. Hypovitaminosis D was defined as serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D ≤ 50 nmol/L. CHAID analysis retained 5 clinical profiles of older community-dwellers with different risks of hypovitaminosis D up to 87.3%, based on various combinations of the following characteristics: polymorbidity, obesity, sadness and gait disorders. For instance, the probability of hypovitaminosis D was 1.42-fold higher [95CI: 1.27-1.59] for those with polymorbidity and gait disorders compared to those with no polymorbidity, no obesity and no sadness. In conclusion, these easily-recordable measures may be used in clinical routine to identify older community-dwellers for whom vitamin D supplementation should be initiated.

16.
Maturitas ; 125: 17-19, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31133211

RESUMO

Our objective was to bridge the gap between gerontechnology developers and hospitalized frail elderly people, in order to promote open gerontechnology innovation in hospitals. We designed a hospital-based living lab that provides reflexive "idea incubator workshops" that gather both the users and the developers of technology, supplemented with an "experimental hospital room" for the testing of devices by older inpatients. The ALLEGRO living lab was delivered in 2018 at the Geriatric Department of Angers University Hospital, France. The workshops and experimental hospital room should help frail older inpatients to participate in the co-design and co-development of new technologies to improve hospital care and promote successful aging.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Envelhecimento , Tecnologia Biomédica/métodos , Idoso Fragilizado , Geriatria/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Tecnologia Biomédica/instrumentação , Cuidadores , Difusão de Inovações , Arquitetura de Instituições de Saúde , França , Avaliação Geriátrica , Geriatria/instrumentação , Metas , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos , Hospitais , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Tecnologia
17.
Curr Vasc Pharmacol ; 17(6): 610-617, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30963976

RESUMO

Vitamin D and calcium are considered crucial for the treatment of bone diseases. Both vitamin D and calcium contribute to bone homeostasis but also preserve muscle health by reducing the risk of falls and fractures. Low vitamin D concentrations result in secondary hyperparathyroidism and contribute to bone loss, although the development of secondary hyperparathyroidism varies, even in patients with severe vitamin D deficiency. Findings from observational studies have shown controversial results regarding the association between bone mineral density and vitamin D/calcium status, thus sparking a debate regarding optimum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and calcium for the best possible skeletal health. Although most of the intervention studies reported a positive effect of supplementation with calcium and vitamin D on bone in patients with osteoporosis, this therapeutic approach has been a matter of debate regarding potential side effects on the cardiovascular (CV) system. Thus, the aim of this review is to consider the current evidence on the physiological role of vitamin D and calcium on bone and muscle health. Moreover, we provide an overview on observational and interventional studies that investigate the effect of vitamin D and calcium supplementation on bone health, also taking into account the possible CV side-effects. We also provide molecular insights on the effect of calcium plus vitamin D on the CV system.

18.
Nutrients ; 11(3)2019 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30893833

RESUMO

The role of leptin (a hormone related to fat mass) in cognition remains equivocal. Our objective was to investigate the relationship between circulating leptin concentration and cognition in older adults, accounting for potential confounders. We categorized 1061 community-dwelling older participants ≥60 years (mean ± SD, 70.6 ± 6.4 years; 41.6% female) from the Singapore Kidney Eye Study according to quintiles of leptin concentration (≤2.64; 2.64⁻5.1; 5.2⁻8.6; 8.7⁻17.96; ≥18 ng/mL). Cognition was assessed using the total and domain scores of the Abbreviated Mental Test (AMT). Age, gender, body mass index, mean arterial pressure, smoking, alcohol, education, memory complaint, anxiodepressive disorders, circulating concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D, glycosylated hemoglobin, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and estimated glomerular filtration rate were used as potential confounders. Participants within the lowest (Q1) and highest (Q5) leptin quintiles exhibited lower (i.e., worse) mean total AMT scores compared to those within the intermediate quintiles (Q2, Q3, and Q4). Compared to Q3 as the reference, Q1 and Q5 were associated with decreased total AMT score (respectively, ß = -0.53 p = 0.018; ß = -0.60 p = 0.036). Compared to Q3, Q5 was also associated with decreased subscores on anterograde (ß = -0.19 p = 0.020) and retrograde episodic memories (ß = -0.18 p = 0.039). We found a non-linear U-shaped relationship between circulating leptin and cognition, with both lower and higher concentrations of leptin being associated with more severe cognitive impairment in community-dwelling older Asians.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/sangue , Leptina/sangue , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Singapura
19.
J Proteome Res ; 18(3): 1307-1315, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30701980

RESUMO

We compared the metabolomic profile of aqueous humor from patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG; n = 26) with that of a group of age- and sex-matched non-POAG controls (n = 26), all participants undergoing cataract surgery. Supervised paired partial least-squares discriminant analysis showed good predictive performance for test sets with a median area under the receiver operating characteristic of 0.89 and a p-value of 0.0087. Twenty-three metabolites allowed discrimination between the two groups. Univariate analysis after the Benjamini-Hochberg correction showed significant differences for 13 of these metabolites. The POAG metabolomic signature indicated reduced concentrations of taurine and spermine and increased concentrations of creatinine, carnitine, three short-chain acylcarnitines, 7 amino acids (glutamine, glycine, alanine, leucine, isoleucine, hydroxyl-proline, and acetyl-ornithine), 7 phosphatidylcholines, one lysophosphatidylcholine, and one sphingomyelin. This suggests an alteration of metabolites involved in osmoprotection (taurine and creatinine), neuroprotection (spermine, taurine, and carnitine), amino acid metabolism (7 amino acids and three acylcarnitines), and the remodeling of cell membranes drained by the aqueous humor (hydroxyproline and phospholipids). Five of these metabolic alterations, already reported in POAG plasma, concern spermine, C3 and C4 acylcarnitines, PC aa 34:2, and PC aa 36:4, thus highlighting their importance in the pathogenesis of glaucoma.

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