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1.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 16(1): 109, 2018 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29855338

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gestation is a period that can positively or negatively influence the life of a woman in the pregnancy-puerperal cycle. Thus, evaluating the quality of life of this population can redirect the implementation of innovative practices, with the goal of making them more effective and practical or the promotion of humanized care. The present study aimed to evaluate the predictors that influence the health-related quality of life of low-risk pregnant women, as well as to describe the main areas affected in the quality of life of pregnant women. METHODS: A correlational, quantitative and cross-sectional study was carried out in two public units that provide prenatal care services and a private unit in the city of Fortaleza, a municipality in the Northeast of Brazil. The sample consisted of 261 pregnant women who were interviewed from September to November 2014. The collection instruments were a questionnaire covering sociodemographic, obstetric and quality of life variables, in addition to the Brazilian version of the Mother-Generated Index (MGI). The data were compiled and analyzed through the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software, version 20.0. A descriptive analysis was performed through the application of Pearson's chi-square test, Fisher's exact test and one-way ANOVA. Maternal predictors for the quality of life of pregnant woman were identified through a multivariate analysis/multiple regression. RESULTS: The response rate was 100%, corresponding to 261 respondents. Occupation, parity, partner support, marital status and persons with whom the women live were the predictors that positively interfered in the quality of life of pregnant women. In contrast, gestational age, type of housing, occupation, use of illicit drugs, non-receipt of partner support and maternal age were the predictors that negatively influenced quality of life. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that happiness to become a mother and body image were areas with the greatest positive and negative influence on health-related quality of life, which suggests being relevant aspects in the planning and implementation of actions aimed at its improvement.


Assuntos
Gestantes/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Felicidade , Humanos , Estado Civil , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
2.
Fortaleza; s.n; 2016. 188 p. ilus, tab.
Tese em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-971966

RESUMO

O puerpério é caracterizado por diversas mudanças e reajustes que ocorrem no entorno da mulher e são extremamente importantes para a saúde física e mental. Conhecer assingularidades que envolvem o período puerperal é importante, pois possibilitam melhores esclarecimentos acerca dos acontecimentos biopsicos sociais que interpõe meste período. O estudo objetiva traduzir, adaptar transculturalmente e validar o The Mother Generated-Index (MGI) para avaliar a qualidade de vida no período puerperalno contexto da Bolívia. Trata-se de um estudo do tipo metodológico de adaptação transcultural e validação de instrumentos. A fase de tradução e adaptação transcultural siguiu os siguintes passos: 1. Tradução Inicial (Duas traduções para o espanhol T1 eT2); 2. Síntese das Traduções (Formação da T12); 3. Back-Translation (Tradução daT12 de volta para o idioma de origem BT1 e BT2); 4. Revisão por um comitê deespecialistas (Formação da versão pré-final); 5. Pré-Teste (Aplicação em 30 puérperas bolivianas) e 6. Apresentação à comissão de avaliação do processo de adaptação. Após a fase de tradução e adaptação transcultural, o MGI - versão boliviana foi aplicada em 120 puérperas bolivianas entre trinta e quarenta e cinco dias após o parto, nos meses de novembro de 2014 e fevereiro de 2015...


The postpartum period is characterized by several changes and adjustments that occur inthe vicinity of the woman and are extremely important for physical and mental health.Knowing the peculiarities surrounding the puerperal period is important, as they allowbetter explanations about the biopsychosocial events that interpose this period. Thestudy aims to translate, adapt culturally and validate The Mother-Generated Index(MGI) to assess the quality of life in the puerperal period in the context of Bolivia. It isa study of the methodological type of cross-cultural adaptation and validation ofinstruments. The phase of translation and cultural adaptation followed the following.steps: 1. Initial Translation (Two translations into Spanish T1 and T2); 2. Summary ofTranslations (Formation T12); 3. Back-Translation (Translation T12 back to the sourcelanguage BT1 and BT2); 4. Review by a committee of experts (formation of the prefinalversion); 5. Pre-Test (Application 30 Bolivian mothers) and 6. Presentation to theevaluation committee of the adaptation process. After the phase of translation andcultural adaptation, MGI - Bolivian version was administered to 120 Bolivian mothersbetween thirty and forty-five days after delivery, in November 2014 and February 2015...


Assuntos
Humanos , Enfermagem , Qualidade de Vida , Período Pós-Parto
3.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 68(2): 271-7, 297-304, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26222174

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to assess the knowledge and practice of primary health care nurses about control and elimination actions of leprosy. METHOD: evaluation study with qualitative approach, using the Discourse of the Collective Subject, data were collected through semi-structured interviews conducted with 16 nurses. RESULTS: the data collected revealed that health professionals have sufficient knowledge about the National Policy on Control and Elimination of Leprosy (NPCEL) and that the main actions preconized were applied, however, notification of suspected or confirmed cases and social reintegration of the patient were not mentioned. CONCLUSION: keeping patients in treatment, overload of work, lack of interdisciplinarity and treatment performed at other locations outside of the community were difficulties reported by professionals. Nurses know the actions addressed at assistance of leprosy patients, however, the study points to the need for a practice which is more aligned to what advocates NPCEL.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Hanseníase/prevenção & controle , Enfermagem , Humanos
4.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 68(2): 297-304, Mar-Apr/2015. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: lil-752506

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar o conhecimento e a prática de enfermeiros da atenção primária de saúde quanto às ações de controle e eliminação da hanseníase. Método: estudo avaliativo, com abordagem qualitativa, utilizando o Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo, cujos dados foram obtidos por meio de entrevista semiestruturada, realizada com 16 enfermeiros. Resultados: os dados coletados revelaram que os profissionais de saúde possuem conhecimento suficiente sobre a Política Nacional de Controle e Eliminação da Hanseníase (PNCEH) e que as principais ações preconizadas foram executadas, porém, a notificação de casos suspeitos ou confirmados e a reinserção social do doente não foram citadas. Conclusão: manter os doentes em tratamento, sobrecarga de trabalho, falta de interdisciplinaridade e tratamento realizado em outros locais fora da comunidade foram dificuldades relatadas pelos profissionais. Os enfermeiros conhecem as ações direcionadas à assistência ao hanseniano, entretanto, o estudo aponta para a necessidade de uma prática mais alinhada ao que preconiza a PNECH. .


RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar el conocimiento y la práctica de los enfermeros que trabajan en la atención primaria de salud como las acciones de control y eliminación de la hanseniasis. Método: es un estudio evaluativo con enfoque cualitativo, utilizando el Discurso del Sujeto Colectivo, cuyos datos fueron recolectados a través de entrevistas semi-estructuradas con 16 enfermeros. Resultados: los datos obtenidos revelaron que los profesionales de la salud tienen el conocimiento suficiente sobre la Política Nacional de Control y Erradicación de la Hanseniasis (PNCEH) y que las principales acciones recomendadas se han implementado, pero la notificación de los casos sospechosos o confirmados y reinserción social del paciente no fue mencionado. Conclusión: mantener a los pacientes en tratamiento, exceso de trabajo, falta de interdisciplinariedad y tratamiento realizado en otros lugares fuera de la comunidad fueron problemas reportados por el personal de salud. Los enfermeros conocen las acciones destinadas a ayudar a los pacientes con hanseniasis, sin embargo, el estudio apunta la necesidad de una practica más direccionado a lo que defiende la PNECH. .


ABSTRACT Objective: to assess the knowledge and practice of primary health care nurses about control and elimination actions of leprosy. Method: evaluation study with qualitative approach, using the Discourse of the Collective Subject, data were collected through semi-structured interviews conducted with 16 nurses. Results: the data collected revealed that health professionals have suffi cient knowledge about the National Policy on Control and Elimination of Leprosy (NPCEL) and that the main actions preconized were applied, however, notifi cation of suspected or confi rmed cases and social reintegration of the patient were not mentioned. Conclusion: keeping patients in treatment, overload of work, lack of interdisciplinarity and treatment performed at other locations outside of the community were diffi culties reported by professionals. Nurses know the actions addressed at assistance of leprosy patients, however, the study points to the need for a practice which is more aligned to what advocates NPCEL. .


Assuntos
Humanos , Animais , Amiloide/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Doenças Priônicas/genética , Príons/classificação , Príons/genética , Amiloide/química , Fenótipo
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