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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(1): e28012, 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35029871

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Citation analysis was applied to identify the influential studies in the specific field. More and more literature related to carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) have been published in recent years. To our knowledge, no one has performed a citation analysis of CTS. Thus, our study identified the top 50 influential articles pertaining to CTS and conduct an analysis of their characteristics. METHODS: The Web of Science database was used to identify all the articles from 1900 to 2020. We obtained the top 50 articles ranked by citation times, and articles were included and excluded based on the relevance to CTS. Also, we collected the information about journal name, level of evidence, source country and institution, and research type for further analysis. RESULTS: The top 50 articles were published between 1959 and 2012. The number of citations ranged from 151 to 1083. The citation density was between 3.23 and 40.27 per year. Muscle Nerve published most articles in CTS research, followed by Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery American Volume. The USA was the leading country, and all the top 5 institutions were from the USA. Katz JN with the highest h-index published most articles. Level III was the most common evidence level. CONCLUSIONS: We identified the top 50 cited articles related to CTS. These influential articles might provide researchers with a comprehensive list of the major contribution related to CTS research.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal , Gerenciamento de Dados , Humanos , Publicações
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34873411

RESUMO

Although neurocircuits can be activated by focused ultrasound stimulation, it is unclear whether this is also true for spinal cord neurocircuits. In this study, we used low-intensity focused ultrasound (LIFU) to stimulate lumbar 4-lumbar 5 (L4-L5) segments of the spinal cord of normal Sprague Dawley rats with a clapper. The activation of the spinal cord neurocircuits enhanced soleus muscle contraction as measured by electromyography (EMG). Neuronal activation and injury were assessed by EMG, western blotting (WB), immunofluorescence, hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, Nissl staining, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), immunohistochemistry (IHC), somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs), motor evoked potentials (MEPs), and the Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan locomotor rating scale. When the LIFU intensity was more than 0.5 MPa, LIFU stimulation induced soleus muscle contraction and increased the EMG amplitudes (P < 0.05) and the number of c-fos- and GAD65-positive cells (P < 0.05). When the LIFU intensity was 3.0 MPa, the LIFU stimulation led to spinal cord damage and decreased SEP amplitudes for electrophysiological assessment (P < 0.05); this resulted in coagulation necrosis, structural destruction, neuronal loss in the dorsal horn by H&E and Nissl staining, and increased expression of GFAP, IL-1ß, TNF-α, and caspase-3 by IHC, ELISA, and WB (P < 0.05). These results show that LIFU can activate spinal cord neurocircuits and that LIFU stimulation with an irradiation intensity ≤1.5 MPa is a safe neurostimulation method for the spinal cord.

3.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 756940, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34901069

RESUMO

Background: Neuropathic pain (NP), a severe and disruptive symptom following many diseases, normally restricts patients' physical functions and leads to anxiety and depression. As an economical and effective therapy, exercise may be helpful in NP management. However, few guidelines and reviews focused on exercise therapy for NP associated with specific diseases. The study aimed to summarize the effectiveness and efficacy of exercise for various diseases with NP supported by evidence, describe expert recommendations for NP from different causes, and inform policymakers of the guidelines. Design: A systematic review and expert consensus. Methods: A systematic search was conducted in PubMed. We included systematic review and meta-analysis, randomized controlled trials (RCTs), which assessed patients with NP. Studies involved exercise intervention and outcome included pain intensity at least. Physiotherapy Evidence Database and the Assessment of Multiple Systematic reviews tool were used to grade the quality assessment of the included RCTs and systematic reviews, respectively. The final grades of recommendation were based on strength of evidence and a consensus discussion of results of Delphi rounds by the Delphi consensus panel including 21 experts from the Chinese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine. Results: Eight systematic reviews and 21 RCTs fulfilled all of the inclusion criteria and were included, which were used to create the 10 evidence-based consensus statements. The 10 expert recommendations regarding exercise for NP symptoms were relevant to the following 10 different diseases: spinal cord injury, stroke, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, cervical radiculopathy, sciatica, diabetic neuropathy, chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy, HIV/AIDS, and surgery, respectively. The exercise recommended in the expert consensus involved but was not limited to muscle stretching, strengthening/resistance exercise, aerobic exercise, motor control/stabilization training and mind-body exercise (Tai Chi and yoga). Conclusions: Based on the available evidence, exercise is helpful to alleviate NP intensity. Therefore, these expert consensuses recommend that proper exercise programs can be considered as an effective alternative treatment or complementary therapy for most patients with NP. The expert consensus provided medical staff and policymakers with applicable recommendations for the formulation of exercise prescription for NP. This consensus statement will require regular updates after five-ten years.

4.
Neural Plast ; 2021: 6659668, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33953740

RESUMO

Effective treatment remains lacking for neuropathic pain (NP), a type of intractable pain. Low-intensity focused ultrasound (LIFU), a noninvasive, cutting-edge neuromodulation technique, can effectively enhance inhibition of the central nervous system (CNS) and reduce neuronal excitability. We investigated the effect of LIFU on NP and on the expression of potassium chloride cotransporter 2 (KCC2) in the spinal cords of rats with peripheral nerve injury (PNI) in the lumbar 4-lumbar 5 (L4-L5) section. In this study, rats received PNI surgery on their right lower legs followed by LIFU stimulation of the L4-L5 section of the spinal cord for 4 weeks, starting 3 days after surgery. We used the 50% paw withdraw threshold (PWT50) to evaluate mechanical allodynia. Western blotting (WB) and immunofluorescence (IF) were used to calculate the expression of phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (p-ERK1/2), calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase type IV (CaMKIV), phosphorylated cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding protein (p-CREB), and KCC2 in the L4-L5 portion of the spinal cord after the last behavioral tests. We found that PWT50 decreased (P < 0.05) 3 days post-PNI surgery in the LIFU- and LIFU+ groups and increased (P < 0.05) after 4 weeks of LIFU stimulation. The expression of p-CREB and CaMKIV decreased (P < 0.05) and that of KCC2 increased (P < 0.05) after 4 weeks of LIFU stimulation, but that of p-ERK1/2 (P > 0.05) was unaffected. Our study showed that LIFU could effectively alleviate NP behavior in rats with PNI by increasing the expression of KCC2 on spinal dorsal corner neurons. A possible explanation is that LIFU could inhibit the activation of the CaMKIV-KCC2 pathway.


Assuntos
Proteína Quinase Tipo 4 Dependente de Cálcio-Calmodulina/antagonistas & inibidores , Região Lombossacral , Neuralgia/terapia , Transdução de Sinais , Simportadores/biossíntese , Terapia por Ultrassom/métodos , Animais , Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico/biossíntese , Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico/genética , Hiperalgesia/fisiopatologia , Hiperalgesia/terapia , Região Lombossacral/patologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Masculino , Neuralgia/patologia , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/patologia , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/terapia , Estimulação Física , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
5.
Neurochem Int ; 146: 105041, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836218

RESUMO

Fluoxetine (FLX), a commonly used selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, is often used to treat depression during pregnancy. However, prenatal exposure to FLX has been associated with a series of neuropsychiatric illnesses. The use of a rodent model can provide a clear indication as to whether prenatal exposure to SSRIs, independent of maternal psychiatric disorders or genetic syndromes, can cause long-term behavioral abnormalities in offspring. Thus, the present study aimed to explore whether prenatal FLX exposure causes long-term neurobehavioral effects, and identify the underlying mechanism between FLX and abnormal behaviors. In our study, 12/mg/kg/day of FLX or equal normal saline (NS) was administered to pregnant Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (FLX = 30, NS = 27) on gestation day 11 till birth. We assessed the physical development and behavior of offspring, and in vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) was conducted to quantify biochemical alterations in the prefrontal cortex (PFC). Ex vivo measurements of brain serotonin level and a proteomic analysis were also undertaken. Our results showed that the offspring (male offspring in particular) of fluoxetine exposed mothers showed delayed physical development, increased anxiety-like behavior, and impaired social interaction. Moreover, down-regulation of 5-HT and SERT expression were identified in the PFC. We also found that prenatal FLX exposure significantly decreased NAA/tCr with 1H-MRS in the PFC of offspring. Finally, a proteomic study revealed sex-dependent differential protein expression. These findings may have translational importance suggesting that using SSRI medication alone in pregnant mothers may result in developmental delay in their offspring. Our results also help guide the choice of outcome measures in identifying of molecular and developmental mechanisms.


Assuntos
Córtex Pré-Frontal/efeitos dos fármacos , Córtex Pré-Frontal/metabolismo , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/metabolismo , Inibidores de Captação de Serotonina/toxicidade , Serotonina/metabolismo , Interação Social/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Masculino , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Córtex Pré-Frontal/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/induzido quimicamente , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/psicologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
6.
Neural Plast ; 2021: 8815144, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33603780

RESUMO

Purpose: This study is aimed at investigating brain structural changes and structural network properties in complete spinal cord injury (SCI) patients, as well as their relationship with clinical variables. Materials and Methods: Structural MRI of brain was acquired in 24 complete thoracic SCI patients (38.50 ± 11.19 years, 22 males) within the first postinjury year, while 26 age- and gender-matched healthy participants (38.38 ± 10.63 years, 24 males) were enrolled as control. The voxel-based morphometry (VBM) approach and graph theoretical network analysis based on cross-subject grey matter volume- (GMV-) based structural covariance networks (SCNs) were conducted to investigate the impact of SCI on brain structure. Partial correlation analysis was performed to explore the relationship between the GMV of structurally changed brain regions and SCI patients' clinical variables, including injury duration, injury level, Visual Analog Scale (VAS), American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS), International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) scale, Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS), and Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), after removing the effects of age and gender. Results: Compared with healthy controls, SCI patients showed higher SDS score (t = 4.392 and p < 0.001). In the VBM analysis, significant GMV reduction was found in the left middle frontal cortex, right superior orbital frontal cortex (OFC), and left inferior OFC. No significant difference was found in global network properties between SCI patients and healthy controls. In the regional network properties, significantly higher betweenness centrality (BC) was noted in the right anterior cingulum cortex (ACC) and left inferior OFC and higher nodal degree and efficiency in bilateral middle OFCs, while decreased BC was noted in the right putamen in SCI patients. Only negative correlation was found between GMV of right middle OFC and SDS score in SCI patients (r = -0.503 and p = 0.017), while no significant correlation between other abnormal brain regions and any of the clinical variables (all p > 0.05). Conclusions: SCI patients would experience depressive and/or anxious feelings at the early stage. Their GMV reduction mainly involved psychology-cognition related rather than sensorimotor brain regions. The efficiency of regional information transmission in psychology-cognition regions increased. Greater GMV reduction in psychology region was related with more severe depressive feelings. Therefore, early neuropsychological intervention is suggested to prevent psychological and cognitive dysfunction as well as irreversible brain structure damage.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Substância Cinzenta/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Substância Cinzenta/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medula Espinal , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
Neuromolecular Med ; 22(3): 401-410, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32253686

RESUMO

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are continuously produced as byproducts of aerobic metabolism. Oxidative stress (OS) plays an important role in the occurrence of several neurodegenerative diseases as well as aging because of the accumulation of ROS. Gnaq is a member of G protein α subunits. It has been reported that the expression level of Gnaq in the mouse forebrain cortex was significantly decreased with age in our previous study; therefore, we supposed that Gnaq contributes to attenuate the OS. In this study, we generated a Gnaq-overexpression cell using gene recombinant technique and lentivirus transfection technique in a neuron-like PC12 cell, and investigated whether Gnaq had antioxidant effects in PC12 cells treated with H2O2. The viability of cells, concentration of ROS, Nrf2 nuclear translocation, expression of antioxidant enzymes, activation of NF-κB and apoptosis were compared between Gnaq-PC12 cells and Vector-PC12 cells. Results showed that, compared with Vector-PC12 cells, the antioxidative ability of Gnaq-PC12 cells was significantly improved, while the ROS level in Gnaq-PC12 cells was significantly decreased. Nrf2 nuclear translocation was up-regulated and NF-κB nuclear translocation was down-regulated in Gnaq-PC12 cells after H2O2 treatment. The results suggest that Gnaq plays a crucial role in neuroprotection in PC12 cells. A possible mechanism for this would be that the overexpressed Gnaq enhances the antioxidative effect mediated by Nrf2 signal pathway and inhibits the cellular damaging effect through NF-κB signal pathway.


Assuntos
Subunidades alfa Gq-G11 de Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/fisiologia , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/toxicidade , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/antagonistas & inibidores , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/antagonistas & inibidores , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Células PC12 , Transporte Proteico , Ratos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Sistemas do Segundo Mensageiro , Transdução de Sinais
8.
Neural Regen Res ; 15(9): 1748-1756, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32209782

RESUMO

Exposure to maternal stress during prenatal life is associated with an increased risk of neuropsychiatric disorders, such as depression and anxiety, in offspring. It has also been increasingly observed that prenatal stress alters the phenotype of offspring via immunological mechanisms and that immunological dysfunction, such as elevated interleukin-18 levels, has been reported in cultures of microglia. Prenatal restraint stress (PRS) in rats permits direct experimental investigation of the link between prenatal stress and adverse outcomes. However, the majority of studies have focused on the consequences of PRS delivered in the second half of pregnancy, while the effects of early prenatal stress have rarely been examined. Therefore, pregnant rats were subjected to PRS during early/middle and late gestation (days 8-14 and 15-21, respectively). PRS comprised restraint in a round plastic transparent cylinder under bright light (6500 lx) three times per day for 45 minutes. Differences in interleukin-18 expression in the hippocampus and in behavior were compared between offspring rats and control rats on postnatal day 75. We found that adult male offspring exposed to PRS during their late prenatal periods had higher levels of anxiety-related behavior and depression than control rats, and both male and female offspring exhibited higher levels of depression-related behavior, impaired recognition memory and diminished exploration of novel objects. Moreover, an elevated level of interleukin-18 was observed in the dorsal and ventral hippocampus of male and female early- and late-PRS offspring rats. The results indicate that PRS can cause anxiety and depression-related behaviors in adult offspring and affect the expression of interleukin-18 in the hippocampus. Thus, behavior and the molecular biology of the brain are affected by the timing of PRS exposure and the sex of the offspring. All experiments were approved by the Animal Experimentation Ethics Committee at Kunming Medical University, China (approval No. KMMU2019074) in January 2019.

9.
World J Stem Cells ; 11(2): 55-72, 2019 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30842805

RESUMO

Autism and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) refer to a range of conditions characterized by impaired social and communication skills and repetitive behaviors caused by different combinations of genetic and environmental influences. Although the pathophysiology underlying ASD is still unclear, recent evidence suggests that immune dysregulation and neuroinflammation play a role in the etiology of ASD. In particular, there is direct evidence supporting a role for maternal immune activation during prenatal life in neurodevelopmental conditions. Currently, the available options of behavioral therapies and pharmacological and supportive nutritional treatments in ASD are only symptomatic. Given the disturbing rise in the incidence of ASD, and the fact that there is no effective pharmacological therapy for ASD, there is an urgent need for new therapeutic options. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) possess immunomodulatory properties that make them relevant to several diseases associated with inflammation and tissue damage. The paracrine regenerative mechanisms of MSCs are also suggested to be therapeutically beneficial for ASD. Thus the underlying pathology in ASD, including immune system dysregulation and inflammation, represent potential targets for MSC therapy. This review will focus on immune dysfunction in the pathogenesis of ASD and will further discuss the therapeutic potential for MSCs in mediating ASD-related immunological disorders.

10.
Front Neurosci ; 12: 928, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30618557

RESUMO

Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is one of the most lethal forms of stroke. From the limited previous studies and our preliminary data, white matter is considered a key predictor of the outcome and potential target of recovery. The traditional ICH model induced by injection of autologous blood or bacterial collagenase into striatum (ST) demonstrated a spontaneous functional recovery within one or 2 months. We hypothesis that an internal capsule (IC) lesion might lead to long-term axonal damage and long lasting functional deficits. Thus in this study, a modified internal capsule ICH model was conducted in rats, and the axonal damage, neurological deficits, histopathology as well as electrophysiology were characterized. The finding demonstrated that compared to ST group, the modified IC lesioned model exhibited a relatively smaller lesion volume with consistent axonal loss/degeneration and long-lasting neurological dysfunction at 2 months after ICH. Functionally, the impairment of the mNSS, ratio of contralateral forelimb usage, four limb stand index, contralateral duty cycle and ipsilateral SSEPs amplitude remained significant at 56 days. Structurally, the significant loss of PKCγ in ipsilateral cortical spinal tracts of IC group and the consistent axonal degeneration with several axonal retraction bulbs and enlarged tubular space was observed at 56 days after ICH. This study suggested that a modified IC lesioned model was proved to have long lasting neurological deficits. A comprehensive understanding of the dynamic progression after experimental ICH should aid further successful clinic translation in animal ICH studies, and provide new insights into the role of whiter matter injury in the mechanism and therapeutic targets of ICH.

11.
Behav Brain Res ; 257: 166-77, 2013 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24126041

RESUMO

Gait analysis is a systematic collection of quantitative information on bodily movements during locomotion. Gait analysis has been employed clinically in stroke patients for their rehabilitation planning. In animal studies, gait analysis has been employed for the assessment of their locomotive disturbances in ischemic stroke, spinal cord injury and Parkinson's disease. The aims of the work reported here were to identify the gait parameters, collected from the computer-generated CatWalk System, that change after unilateral intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in the acute stage and long term up to 56 days post-ICH. The results showed that with the collagenase-induced unilateral striatal lesion, the rats displayed a significant contralateral decrease in print and maximum contact area and paw intensity, a diagonal increase in the stance duration of the left front and right hind paws, a significant decrease in the stride length of all four limbs, and foot pattern instability as reflected by the base of support, support on styles, and cadence. These deficits, including those in print area, stance and pressure, were demonstrated throughout the long-term period following ICH. The correlations between the gait parameters, lesion volume and asymmetrical forelimb use were also reported in this paper. This work has provided a systematic description on gait parameters in the classical striatal ICH model, which might become an essential assessment tool in future studies of pathophysiology and the development of novel treatments for experimental unilateral intracerebral hemorrhage with gait deficits.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Cerebral/complicações , Lateralidade Funcional/fisiologia , Transtornos Neurológicos da Marcha/diagnóstico , Transtornos Neurológicos da Marcha/etiologia , Análise de Variância , Animais , Hemorragia Cerebral/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Exame Neurológico , Desempenho Psicomotor , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fatores de Tempo
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