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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769821

RESUMO

Promoting the intention of farmers to participate in straw recycling is an effective way to alleviate the contradiction between environmental pollution, scarcity of environmental resources, and sustainable development. In this study, social trust and value perception were integrated into the theory of planned behavior to build a theoretical framework of farmers' intention to participate in straw recycling, considering the influences of three different pro-environmental publicity modes. A field investigation was used to collect research data in six sample villages. Finally, 761 valid questionnaires were collected, and partial least squares structural equation modeling was applied to test the research hypotheses. The results showed that the influence of attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavior control, value perception, and social trust on farmers' straw recycling intentions was different among different pro-environmental publicity modes. Among the three pro-environmental publicity modes, the concentrated pro-environmental publicity mode has the best effect of promoting straw recycling intentions among farmers. This study introduces some targeted suggestions on the aspects of pro-environmental publicity theory and management practice based on the above research results.


Assuntos
Fazendeiros , Intenção , Agricultura , Atitude , Controle Comportamental , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Front Psychol ; 12: 722093, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34975616

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the effect of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on the Chinese public's mental health during its early stage. We collected the data through an online questionnaire survey. Specifically, we adopted the impact of event scale-revised (IES-R) and state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI) to assess symptomatic responses to exposure to traumatic life events and public anxiety, respectively, in the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak. Then, we evaluated the differences in the scores among various socio-demographic groups using Kruskal-Wakkis H tests and t-tests and analyzed the IES-R, state anxiety (SA) score, and trait anxiety (TA) score using the Pearson correlation analysis. Finally, we conducted a path analysis to determine the mediating role of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms (measured by the IES-R) in the relationship between TA and SA. The results show that the average of the SA and TA scores were 48.0 ± 10.4 and 38.0 ± 8.2, respectively; the respondents who suffered from mild, moderate, and severe psychological impacts because of the health crisis accounted for 21.9, 5.2, and 13.1%, respectively; farmers have the highest IES-R score than others; people with the highest income have the lowest SA level; a significant positive correlation existed between the IES-R and STAI scores; and TA produces both direct and indirect (through the IES-R) effects on SA. Overall, the general Chinese public exhibited much higher anxiety levels than normal in the early days of the pandemic outbreak. Accordingly, we strongly recommend psychological counseling and intervention support to mitigate the adverse psychological impacts of such an event.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33291217

RESUMO

The recent coronavirus outbreak has captured worldwide attention. This study investigated the anxiety of the Chinese public and its relationship with social support during the early stage of the COVID-19 pandemic, thereby providing empirical support for interventions on improving the public's mental health. On the basis of an online questionnaire survey conducted on 10-18 February 2020, this study shows that 19.8%, 68.5%, and 11.1% of the respondents suffered mild anxiety, moderate anxiety, and severe anxiety, respectively. Significant differences are reported in state anxiety between people with different household incomes. There are significant differences in trait anxiety and state anxiety between different social support groups. Social support and trait anxiety are negatively correlated. Social support and state anxiety are negatively correlated. Social support affects state anxiety both directly and indirectly (through the mediation of trait anxiety). Therefore, during the COVID-19 pandemic, increasing public support for society can effectively reduce public anxiety.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Apoio Social , Adolescente , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
4.
PLoS One ; 13(10): e0204563, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30286101

RESUMO

Rural infrastructure has rather fixed users compared to urban infrastructure. This study evaluated the effect of rural infrastructure construction from the perspective of farmers. First, this study revised the American Customer Satisfaction Index (ACSI) model and selected a performance appraisal index for rural infrastructure based on this revised model. Then, the study adopted an interpretive structural model (ISM), analyzed the influence of each index factor, and developed a hierarchical directed graph. Finally, based on the mutual-influence relationships among the index factors in the hierarchical directed graph, a performance appraisal analytic network process (ANP) model was established. Based on discussions with rural college students and rural households in Sichuan, China, 246 questionnaires were obtained pertaining to rural infrastructure, and an empirical analysis was conducted. The results indicated that the performance of rural infrastructure construction is not very good. In particular, the full use of infrastructure and its role in improving the environment were found to be the worst. Meanwhile, the possibility of building information transparency and the longitudinal comparison of perceived performance appraisal results were the best. The performance of rural infrastructure construction was evaluated based on the perceptions of the direct users of rural infrastructure, and the relationship between the factors and the weight was measured reasonably. The proposed method was found to be workable and the analysis results reliable and effective.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Consumidor , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde/métodos , Planejamento Social , China , Indústria da Construção , Fazendeiros/psicologia , Humanos , Renda , Modelos Teóricos , Melhoria de Qualidade , Qualidade de Vida , População Rural
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