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1.
J Surg Res ; 259: 465-472, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33616077

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Within the operating rooms (ORs), distractions occur on a regular basis, which affect the surgical workflow and results in the interruption of urgent tasks. This study aimed to observe the occurrence of intraoperative distractions in Tunisian ORs and evaluate associations among distractions, teamwork, workload, and stress. METHODS: This observational cross-sectional study was conducted in four different ORs (orthopedic, urology, emergency, and digestive surgery) of Sahloul University Hospital for a period of 3 mo in 2018. Distractions and teamwork were recorded and rated in real time during the intraoperative phase of each case using validated observation sheets. Besides, at the end of each operation, stress and workload of team members were measured. RESULTS: Altogether, 50 cases were observed and 160 participants were included. Distractions happened in 100% of the included operations. Overall, we recorded 933 distractions that occurred once every 3 min, with a mean frequency of M = 18.66 (standard deviation [SD] = 8.24) per case. It is particularly noticeable that procedural distractions occurred significantly higher during teaching cases compared with nonteaching cases (M = 3.85, M = 0.60, respectively, P < 0.001). The mean global teamwork score was M = 3.85 (SD = 0.67), the mean workload score was M = 58.60 (SD = 24.27), and the mean stress score was M = 15.29 (SD = 4.00). Furthermore, a higher stress level among surgeons was associated with distractions related to equipment failures and people entering or exiting the OR (r = 0.206, P < 0.01 and r = 0.137, P < 0.01, respectively). Similarly, nurses reported a higher workload in the presence of distractions related to the work environment in the OR (r = 0.313, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study highlighted a serious problem, which often team members seem to ignore or underestimate. Taking our findings into consideration, we recommend the implementation of the Surgical Checklist and preoperative briefings to reduce the number of surgical distractions. Also, a continuous teamwork training should be adopted to ensure that OR staff can avoid or handle distractions when they happen.


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Salas Cirúrgicas/organização & administração , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Cirurgiões/organização & administração , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Comunicação , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Ocupacional/etiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Salas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Duração da Cirurgia , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgiões/psicologia , Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/educação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Fluxo de Trabalho , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
2.
Aust Crit Care ; 34(4): 363-369, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33121872

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Critical care nurses are considered the key to patient safety improvement and play a vital role in enhancing quality of care in intensive care units (ICUs) where adverse events are frequent and have severe consequences. Moreover, there is recognition of the importance of the assessment and the development of patient safety culture (PSC) as a strategic focus for the improvement of patient safety and healthcare quality, notably in critical care settings. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess critical care nurses' perception of PSC and to determine its associated factors. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among nurses working in the ICUs of the Tunisian centre (six Tunisian governorates). The study instrument was the French validated version of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture questionnaire, comprising 10 dimensions and a total of 50 items. RESULTS: A total of 249 nurses from 18 ICUs participated in the study, with a participation rate of 87.36%. The dimensions scores ranged between 17.2% for the dimension "frequency of events reported" and 50.1% for the dimension "teamwork within units". Multivariable logistic regression indicated that respondents who worked in private hospitals were five times more likely to have a developed PSC (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]: 5.34; 95% confidence interval [CI], [2.28, 12.51]; p < 10-3). Similarly, participants who worked in a certified hospital were two times more likely to have a more developed PSC than respondents who work in noncertified hospitals (AOR: 2.51; 95% CI, [.92-6.82]; p = 0.041). In addition, an increased nurse-per-patient ratio (i.e., reduced workload) increased PSC (AOR: 1.10; 95% CI, [1.02-1.12]; p = 0.018). CONCLUSION: This study has shown that the state of critical care nurses' PSC is critically low and these baseline results can help to form a plan of actions for improvements.

3.
Psychol Health Med ; 26(2): 212-220, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32835517

RESUMO

Burnout is a major issue among healthcare students and a public health issue in general. Indeed, the consequences of student burnout are as complex as other mental distress factors, such as those concerned with smoking and alcohol consumption, or an unhealthy lifestyle.  This study aimed to determine the prevalence of burnout among health sciences students and to determine its associated factors. This is a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted among 368 students of a Tunisian institution using the French validated version of the MBI-SS. The prevalence of burnout was 64.4%. The presence of a diagnosed health problem, a diagnosed mental disorder or sleep problems were associated with burnout. Students who live alone are significantly the most emotionally exhausted (p=0.010) and the most cynical (p=0.033). Students who had a low socio-economic level are significantly more cynical than those who had a medium or high socio-economic level (p=0.032). Performing leisure activities and practicing physical activities were associated with emotional exhaustion (p=0.007, p= 0.008, respectively).In our study, burnout is prevalent among Tunisian health sciences students. Many factors were found to be associated with this syndrome. These findings reinforce the need to establish early preventive strategies to encounter this problem and its consequent risks.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Tunísia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
4.
Int Emerg Nurs ; 54: 100941, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33341462

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emergency departments (EDs) are considered a high-risk environment because of the high frequency of adverse events that occur within. Measuring patient safety culture is an important step that assists healthcare facilities in planning actions to improve the quality of care provided to patients. This study aims to assess patient safety culture within EDs and to determine its associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted among professionals from all the EDs of public and private healthcare institutions in Tunisia. It spread from June to September 2017. We used the validated French version of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture questionnaire. RESULTS: In total, 11 EDs were included in the study, with 442 participants and a participation rate of 80.35%. All the ten dimensions of patient safety culture were in need of improvement. 'Teamwork within units' scored the highest with 46%, however, the lowest score was attributed to 'the frequency of adverse events reporting' (19.6%). Several factors have been found significantly related to safety culture. Private EDs have shown significantly higher scores regarding nine patient safety culture dimensions. CONCLUSION: This study showed a concerning perception held by participants about the lack of a patient safety culture in their EDs. Also, it provided baseline results giving a clearer vision of the aspects of safety that need improvement.


Assuntos
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Gestão da Segurança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tunísia
5.
East Mediterr Health J ; 26(11): 1347-1354, 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33226102

RESUMO

Background: Ensuring patient safety and health-care quality remain priorities and challenges worldwide and the role of nurses is essential to meet these challenges. Developing patient safety culture is a key component to improve patient safety and health-care quality. Aims: To assess nurses' patient safety culture in primary health-care centres in Tunisia and to determine its associated factors. Methods: This was a multicentre, cross-sectional descriptive study conducted across 30 primary health-care centres in Tunisia, using the French validated version of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture questionnaire. All the nurses working in these centres were invited to participate in the study (n = 158). Results: The response rate for participation in the study was 87.3%. The dimension of "teamwork within units" had the highest score (70.6%). Three safety dimensions had low scores: "frequency of event reporting" (27.6%), "staffing" (34.76%) and "nonpunitive response to errors" (36.5%). Two factors were associated with patient safety culture: participation in risk management committees, and district of the primary care centre. Conclusions: The level of nurses' patient safety culture needs to be improved in primary health-care centres in Tunisia. Strategies to nurture patient safety culture should focus upon building leadership capacity that supports open communication, blame-free environment, teamwork and continuous organizational learning.


Assuntos
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Cultura Organizacional , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Segurança do Paciente , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Gestão da Segurança , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tunísia
6.
J Crit Care ; 56: 208-214, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31952015

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess patient safety culture (PSC) in intensive care units (ICUs) and to determine the factors affecting it. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, conducted from October to November 2017 among professionals practicing in the ICUs of the Tunisian center. After obtaining institutional ethics committee's approval and administrative authorizations, an anonymous paper-based questionnaire was distributed to the participants after obtaining their consent to take part in the study. The measuring instrument used is the French validated version of the "Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture" questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 402 professionals, from 18 ICUs and 10 hospitals, participated in the study with a participation rate of 82.37%. All dimensions were to be improved. The most developed dimension was teamwork within the unit (47.87%) and the least developed dimension was the non-punitive response to error (18.6%). Seven dimensions were significantly more developed in private institutions than in public ones. Results also show that when workload is reduced, the PSC was significantly increased. CONCLUSION: This study has shown that the PSC in ICUs needs improvement and provided a baseline results to get a clearer vision of the aspects of security that require special attention.


Assuntos
Cuidados Críticos/organização & administração , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Cultura Organizacional , Segurança do Paciente , Gestão da Segurança/organização & administração , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tunísia , Carga de Trabalho , Adulto Jovem
7.
Am J Infect Control ; 46(1): 30-33, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28893444

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical glove perforation may expose both patients and staff members to severe complications. This study aimed to determine surgical glove perforation rate and the factors associated with glove defect. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted between January and March 2017 at a Tunisian university hospital center in 3 different surgical departments: urology, maxillofacial, and general and digestive. The gloves were collected and tested to detect perforations using the water-leak test as described in European Norm NF EN 455-1. For percentage comparisons, the χ2 test was used with a significance threshold of 5%. RESULTS: A total of 284 gloves were collected. Of these, 47 were found to be perforated, a rate of 16.5%. All perforations were unnoticed by the surgical team members. The majority of perforated gloves (61.7%) were collected after urology procedures (P = .00005), 77% of perforated gloves were detected when the duration of the procedure exceeded 90 minutes (P = .001), and 96% were from brand A, which were the thicker gloves (P = .015). CONCLUSIONS: This study highlighted an important problem neglected by surgical teams. The findings reaffirm the importance of double-gloving and changing gloves in surgeries of more than 90 minutes' duration.


Assuntos
Falha de Equipamento , Luvas Cirúrgicas , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Luvas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Luvas Cirúrgicas/normas , Humanos , Masculino , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Médicos
8.
Int J Qual Health Care ; 29(2): 176-182, 2017 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28073903

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the patient safety culture (PSC) in operating rooms (ORs) and to determine influencing factors. Design: A cross-sectional descriptive multicenter study which was conducted over a period of 7 months (October 2014-April 2015) using the French validated version of the Hospital Survey On Patient Safety Culture questionnaire. Setting: Of the note, 15 ORs of public and private healthcare institutions. Participants: In total, there were 368 participants including surgeons, anesthesiologists, surgical and anesthesia technicians, nurses and caregivers, divided into 316 professionals exercising in public sector and 52 working in private one. Main Outcome Measure(s): A self-administrated questionnaire investigating 10 dimensions of PSC (including 45 items), two items examining the staff perception of patient safety quality and reporting events, and five items regarding demographic characteristics of respondents. Results: The participation rate in the study was 70.8%. All 10 dimensions were to be improved. The overall perception of patient safety had a score of 34.9%. The dimension that had the lowest score (20.5%) was the non-punitive response to error, and the one that had the highest score (41.67%) was teamwork in the ORs. Three dimensions were developed in private sector, and none in public hospitals. Conclusion: This study showed that the level of the PSC needs to be improved not only in public hospitals but also in private ones. The obtained results highlight the importance of implementing quality management systems and developing PSC.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Salas Cirúrgicas/organização & administração , Cultura Organizacional , Segurança do Paciente/normas , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais Privados/normas , Hospitais Públicos/normas , Humanos , Masculino , Salas Cirúrgicas/normas , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/normas , Gestão da Segurança/organização & administração , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tunísia
9.
Tunis Med ; 95(2): 115-119, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29424870

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The operating room is a high-risk environment for the patient and the healthcare professional and therefore their safety remains a priority in this unit. The checklist "patient safety in the operating room" showed, through the years, its effectiveness in promoting the quality of care and the patient safety. AIM: To explore the perception of operating theaters professionals on the use of the checklist. METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study among operating theaters professionals of the university hospitals in Sousse, Tunisia, and this during the period from 15 July 2015 until 15 September 2015. The measuring instrument used is derived from the validated questionnaire and proposed by the National Health Authority "individual questionnaire of opinion on the use of the checklist". RESULTS: 98.1% expressed agreement that the checklist improves safety culture and 97.2% say that it is an opportunity to avoid mistakes. 88.1% think that the checklist is an additional administrative burden. The whole study population (100%) confirms the usefulness of the checklist in improving patient safety in the operating room. CONCLUSION: Professionals operating theaters have expressed a positive attitude towards the checklist, however, its implementation raises some difficulties.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Cuidadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Lista de Checagem , Salas Cirúrgicas , Percepção , Adulto , Cuidadores/psicologia , Lista de Checagem/normas , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Erros Médicos/prevenção & controle , Erros Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Salas Cirúrgicas/normas , Salas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Segurança do Paciente/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tunísia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Sante Publique ; 29(5): 685-691, 2017 Dec 05.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29384302

RESUMO

AIMS: To assess safety culture in primary healthcare centres and to explore its associated factors. METHODS: This multicentre cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in the 30 primary healthcare centres in central Tunisia and used the validated French version of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture questionnaire' (HSOPSC). RESULTS: A total of 214 professionals participated, corresponding to a response rate of 85%. The ?Teamwork within centres? dimension had the highest score (71.5%). However, two safety dimensions had very low scores: ?Frequency of event reporting?, ?Non-punitive response to errors? with percentages of 31.4% and 35.4%, respectively. Among the associated factors, the ?Frequency of reported events? dimension was significantly higher among professionals involved in risk management committees (p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that the level of safety culture needs to be improved in primary healthcare centres in Tunisia and also highlights the need to implement a quality management system in primary healthcare centres.


Assuntos
Cultura Organizacional , Segurança do Paciente , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Gestão da Segurança/organização & administração , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tunísia
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