Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 214
Filtrar
1.
Clin Chim Acta ; 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061575

RESUMO

The early concentration kinetic profiles of cardiac troponin in patients with non-ST-elevated myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) measured by high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) and T (hs-cTnT) assays have not been described. In intermediate-to-high-risk of NSTEMI patients we measured serial cTn concentrations on ED arrival, at 1, 2, 3, 6-12, 24 and 48-hours with hs-cTnI and hs-cTnT assays. Log-normal curves were fitted to concentrations from time from symptom onset, and the time to rule-out decision thresholds estimated (hs-cTnI: 2ng/L and 5ng/L; hs-cTnT: 5ng/L). Among 164 patients there were 58 NSTEMI. The hs-cTnI to hs-cTnT ratio increased linearly over the first 6-12 hours following symptom onset. The estimated times from symptom onset to the 2ng/L and 5ng/L thresholds for hs-cTnI were 1.8h (0.1-3.1) and 1.9h (1.1-3.5) hours, and to the 5ng/L threshold for hs-cTnT 1.9h (1.1-3.8). The estimated time to exceed 5ng/L was ≥3 hours in 32.6% (95%CI: 20.0% to 48.1%) cases for hs-cTnI and 33.3% (19.6% to 50.0%) for hs-cTnT. cTnI concentrations increased at a much more rapid rate than cTnT concentrations in patients with NSTEMI. Concentrations of a high proportion of patients took longer than 3 hours from symptom onset to exceed the 5ng/L rule-out decision threshold.

2.
Ann Emerg Med ; 2020 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32046869

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: We determine the accuracy of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI), European-derived, rapid, acute myocardial infarction, rule-out/rule-in algorithms applied to a US emergency department (ED) population. METHODS: Adults presenting to the ED with suspected acute myocardial infarction were included. Plasma samples collected at baseline and between 40 and 90 minutes and 2 and 3 hours later were analyzed in core laboratories using the Siemens Healthineers hs-cTnI assays. Acute myocardial infarction diagnosis was independently adjudicated. The sensitivity, specificity, and negative and positive predictive values for rapid acute myocardial infarction rule-out/rule-in using European algorithms and 30-day outcomes are reported. RESULTS: From 29 US medical centers, 2,113 subjects had complete data for the 0/1-hour algorithm analyses. With the Siemens Atellica Immunoassay hs-cTnI values, 1,065 patients (50.4%) were ruled out, with a negative predictive value of 99.7% and sensitivity of 98.7% (95% confidence interval 99.2% to 99.9% and 96.3% to 99.6%, respectively), whereas 265 patients (12.6%) were ruled in, having a positive predictive value of 69.4% and specificity of 95.7% (95% confidence interval 63.6% to 74.7% and 94.7% to 96.5%, respectively). The remaining 783 patients (37.1%) were classified as having continued evaluations, with an acute myocardial infarction incidence of 5.6% (95% confidence interval 4.2% to 7.5%). The overall 30-day risk of death or postdischarge acute myocardial infarction was very low in the ruled-out patients but was incrementally increased in the other groups (rule-out 0.2%; continued evaluations 2.1%; rule-in 4.8%). Equivalent results were observed in the 0/2- to 3-hour analyses and when both algorithms were applied to the hs-cTnI ADVIA Centaur measurements. CONCLUSION: The European rapid rule-out/rule-in acute myocardial infarction algorithm hs-cTnI cut points can be harmonized with a demographically and risk-factor diverse US ED population.

3.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(16): 2032-2043, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623760

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Major disparities between women and men in the diagnosis, management, and outcomes of acute coronary syndrome are well recognized. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of implementing a high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I assay with sex-specific diagnostic thresholds for myocardial infarction in women and men with suspected acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: Consecutive patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome were enrolled in a stepped-wedge, cluster-randomized controlled trial across 10 hospitals. Myocardial injury was defined as high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I concentration >99th centile of 16 ng/l in women and 34 ng/l in men. The primary outcome was recurrent myocardial infarction or cardiovascular death at 1 year. RESULTS: A total of 48,282 patients (47% women) were included. Use of the high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I assay with sex-specific thresholds increased myocardial injury in women by 42% and in men by 6%. Following implementation, women with myocardial injury remained less likely than men to undergo coronary revascularization (15% vs. 34%) and to receive dual antiplatelet (26% vs. 43%), statin (16% vs. 26%), or other preventive therapies (p < 0.001 for all). The primary outcome occurred in 18% (369 of 2,072) and 17% (488 of 2,919) of women with myocardial injury before and after implementation, respectively (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.11; 95% confidence interval: 0.92 to 1.33), compared with 18% (370 of 2,044) and 15% (513 of 3,325) of men (adjusted hazard ratio: 0.85; 95% confidence interval: 0.71 to 1.01). CONCLUSIONS: Use of sex-specific thresholds identified 5 times more additional women than men with myocardial injury. Despite this increase, women received approximately one-half the number of treatments for coronary artery disease as men, and outcomes were not improved. (High-Sensitivity Troponin in the Evaluation of Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome [High-STEACS]; NCT01852123).

4.
Circulation ; 2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416346

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Variations in cardiac troponin concentrations by age, sex and time between samples in patients with suspected myocardial infarction are not currently accounted for in diagnostic approaches. We aimed to combine these variables through machine learning to improve the assessment of risk for individual patients. METHODS: A machine learning algorithm (myocardial-ischemic-injury-index [MI3]) incorporating age, sex, and paired high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I concentrations, was trained on 3,013 patients and tested on 7,998 patients with suspected myocardial infarction. MI3 uses gradient boosting to compute a value (0-100) reflecting an individual's likelihood of a diagnosis of type 1 myocardial infarction and estimates the sensitivity, negative predictive value (NPV), specificity and positive predictive value (PPV) for that individual. Assessment was by calibration and area under the receiver-operating-characteristic curve (AUC). Secondary analysis evaluated example MI3 thresholds from the training set that identified patients as low-risk (99% sensitivity) and high-risk (75% PPV), and performance at these thresholds was compared in the test set to the 99th percentile and European Society of Cardiology (ESC) rule-out pathways. RESULTS: Myocardial infarction occurred in 404 (13.4%) patients in the training set and 849 (10.6%) patients in the test set. MI3 was well calibrated with a very high AUC of 0.963 [0.956-0.971] in the test set and similar performance in early and late presenters. Example MI3 thresholds identifying low-risk and high-risk patients in the training set were 1.6 and 49.7 respectively. In the test set, MI3 values were <1.6 in 69.5% with a NPV of 99.7% (99.5%-99.8%) and sensitivity of 97.8% (96.7-98.7%), and were ≥49.7 in 10.6% with a PPV of 71.8% (68.9-75.0%) and specificity of 96.7% (96.3-97.1%). Using these thresholds, MI3 performed better than the ESC 0/3-hour pathway (sensitivity 82.5% [74.5-88.8%], specificity 92.2% [90.7-93.5%]) and the 99th percentile at any time-point (sensitivity 89.6% [87.4-91.6%]), specificity 89.3% [88.6-90.0%]). CONCLUSIONS: Using machine learning, MI3 provides an individualized and objective assessment of the likelihood of myocardial infarction, which can be used to identify low-risk and high-risk patients who may benefit from earlier clinical decisions. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: Unique Identifier: Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry: ACTRN12616001441404. URL: https://www.anzctr.org.au.

5.
JAMA Cardiol ; 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389986

RESUMO

Importance: Traditionally, elevated troponin concentrations were synonymous with myocardial infarction. But with improvements in troponin assays, elevated concentrations without overt myocardial ischemia are now more common; this is referred to as myocardial injury. Physicians may be falsely reassured by the absence of myocardial ischemia; however, recent evidence suggests that myocardial injury is associated with even more detrimental outcomes. Accordingly, this article reviews the definition, epidemiology, differential diagnosis, diagnostic evaluation, and management of myocardial injury. Observations: Current epidemiological evidence suggests that myocardial injury without overt ischemia represents about 60% of cases of abnormal troponin concentrations when obtained for clinical indications, and 1 in 8 patients presenting to the hospital will have evidence of myocardial injury. Myocardial injury is a concerning prognosis; the 5-year mortality rate is approximately 70%, with a major adverse cardiovascular event rate of 30% in the same period. The differential diagnosis is broad and can be divided into acute and chronic precipitants. The initial workup involves an assessment for myocardial ischemia. If infarction is ruled out, further evaluation includes a detailed history, physical examination, laboratory testing, a 12-lead electrocardiogram, and (if there is no known history of structural or valvular heart disease) an echocardiogram. Unfortunately, no consensus exists on routine management of patients with myocardial injury. Identifying and treating the underlying precipitant is the most practical approach. Conclusion and Relevance: Myocardial injury is the most common cause of abnormal troponin results, and its incidence will likely increase with an aging population, increasing prevalence of cardiovascular comorbidities, and greater sensitivity of troponin assays. Myocardial injury represents a challenge to clinicians; however, given its serious prognosis, it warrants a thorough evaluation of its underlying precipitant. Future strategies to prevent and/or manage myocardial injury are needed.

6.
Clin Chem ; 65(10): 1221-1227, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387884

RESUMO

The IFCC Committee on Clinical Applications of Cardiac Bio-Markers (C-CB) has directives and initiatives focused on providing evidence-based educational resources to aid and improve understanding around key analytical and clinical aspects of cardiac biomarkers used in clinical practice and the research setting. As a task force, we have previously published position statements and recommendations focused on use and analytical aspects of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin assays. The current educational document is the first from the C-CB highlighting important biochemical, analytical, and clinical aspects as they relate to the natriuretic peptides (NPs), including B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), with a focus on heart failure.

7.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(3): 271-282, 2019 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31319909

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited data exist on rapid risk-stratification strategies using the U.S. Food and Drug Administration-cleared high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) assays. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine single measurement hs-cTnI to identify patients at low and high risk for acute myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: This was a prospective, multicenter, observational study of patients with suspected acute MI enrolled across 29 U.S. sites with hs-cTnI measured using the Atellica IM TnIH and ADVIA Centaur TNIH (Siemens Healthineers) assays. To identify low-risk patients, sensitivities and negative predictive values (NPVs) for acute MI and MI or death at 30 days were examined across baseline hs-cTnI concentrations. To identify high-risk patients, positive predictive values and specificities for acute MI were evaluated. RESULTS: Among 2,212 patients, acute MI occurred in 12%. The limits of detection or quantitation resulted in excellent sensitivities (range 98.6% to 99.6%) and NPVs (range 99.5% to 99.8%) for acute MI or death at 30 days across both assays. An optimized threshold of <5 ng/l identified almost one-half of all patients as low risk, with sensitivities of 98.6% (95% confidence interval: 97.2% to 100%) and NPVs of 99.6% (95% confidence interval: 99.2% to 99.9%) for acute MI or death at 30 days across both assays. For high-risk patients, hs-cTnI ≥120 ng/l resulted in positive predictive values for acute MI of ≥70%. CONCLUSIONS: Recognizing the continuous relationship between baseline hs-cTnI and risk for adverse events, using 2 Food and Drug Administration-cleared hs-cTnI assays, an optimized threshold of <5 ng/l safely identified almost one-half of all patients as low risk at presentation, with hs-cTnI ≥120 ng/l identifying high-risk patients.

10.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 73(11): 1273-1284, 2019 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30898202

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With sacubitril/valsartan treatment, B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentrations increase; it remains unclear whether change in BNP concentrations is similar across all assays for its measurement. Effects of sacubitril/valsartan on atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) concentrations in patients are unknown. Lastly, the impact of neprilysin inhibition on mid-regional pro-ANP (MR-proANP), N-terminal pro-BNP (NT-proBNP), proBNP1-108, or C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine the effects of sacubitril/valsartan on results from different natriuretic peptide assays. METHODS: Twenty-three consecutive stable patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction were initiated and titrated on sacubitril/valsartan. Change in ANP, MR-proANP, BNP (using 5 assays), NT-proBNP (3 assays), proBNP1-108, and CNP were measured over 3 visits. RESULTS: Average time to 3 follow-up visits was 22, 46, and 84 days. ANP rapidly and substantially increased with initiation and titration of sacubitril/valsartan, more than doubling by the first follow-up visit (+105.8%). Magnitude of ANP increase was greatest in those with concentrations above the median at baseline (+188%) compared with those with lower baseline concentrations (+44%); ANP increases were sustained. Treatment with sacubitril/valsartan led to inconsistent changes in BNP, which varied across methods assessed. Concentrations of MR-proANP, NT-proBNP, and proBNP1-108 variably declined after treatment; whereas CNP concentrations showed no consistent change. CONCLUSIONS: Initiation and titration of sacubitril/valsartan led to variable changes in concentrations of multiple natriuretic peptides. These results provide important insights into the effects of sacubitril/valsartan treatment on individual patient results, and further suggest the benefit of neprilysin inhibition may be partially mediated by increased ANP concentrations.

11.
Am J Med ; 132(7): 869-874, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30849383

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to examine the appropriateness of cardiac troponin (cTn) testing among patients with cTn increases. METHODS: This is a planned secondary analysis of the Use of TROPonin In Acute coronary syndromes (UTROPIA, NCT02060760) observational cohort study. Appropriateness of cTn testing was adjudicated for emergency department patients with cTn increases >99th percentile and analyzed using both contemporary and high-sensitivity (hs) cTnI assays according to sub-specialty, diagnoses, and symptoms. RESULTS: Appropriateness was determined from 1272 and 1078 adjudication forms completed for 497 and 422 patients with contemporary and hs-cTnI increases, respectively. Appropriateness of cTnI testing across adjudication forms was 71.5% and 72.0% for cTnI and hs-cTnI, respectively. Compared with emergency physicians, cardiologists were less likely to classify cTnI orders as appropriate (cTnI: 79% vs 56%, P < .0001; hs-cTnI: 82% vs 51%, P < .0001). For contemporary cTnI, appropriateness of 95%, 70%, and 39% was observed among adjudication forms completed by cardiologists for type 1 myocardial infarction, type 2 myocardial infarction, and myocardial injury, respectively; compared with 90%, 86%, and 71%, respectively, among emergency physicians. Similar findings were observed using hs-cTnI. Discordance in appropriateness adjudication forms occurred most frequently in cases of myocardial injury (62% both assays) or type 2 myocardial infarction (cTnI 31%; hs-cTnI 23%). CONCLUSIONS: Marked differences exist in the perception of what constitutes appropriate clinical use of cTn testing between cardiologists and emergency physicians, with emergency physicians more likely to see testing as appropriate across a range of clinical scenarios. Discordance derives most often from cases classified as myocardial injury or type 2 myocardial infarction.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Troponina C/sangue , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Cardiologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos
12.
Am J Clin Pathol ; 151(5): 486-493, 2019 04 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30715102

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate biotin interference on three cardiac troponin (cTn) assays and demonstrate a method to overcome biotin interference. METHODS: cTn levels were measured in (1) plasma from healthy volunteers on 10-mg daily biotin supplementation mixed with a plasma with known elevated troponin, (2) plasmas with known elevated cTn after mixing in reagent biotin to simulate supplementation, and (3) biotin-spiked plasma specimens pretreated with streptavidin-agarose beads. RESULTS: Daily biotin ingestion (10 mg) and studies simulating daily biotin use resulted in significant interference in the Gen5 cardiac troponin T (cTnT) assay; the contemporary Gen 4 cTnT and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) assays were unaffected. The biotin interference threshold was 31, 315, and more than 2,000 ng/mL for Gen5 cTnT, cTnT, and hs-cTnI assays, respectively. Streptavidin pretreatment blocked biotin interference in cTn assays. CONCLUSIONS: Biotin interference is possible at plasma concentrations achievable by ingestion of over-the-counter supplements that may lead to delayed or missed diagnosis of myocardial injury with the Gen5 cTnT assay.

14.
Minerva Med ; 110(2): 139-156, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30484592

RESUMO

Cardiac troponin (cTn) testing has evolved significantly in recent times. Because of increased sensitivity, its use has shifted from a marker used to help diagnose acute myocardial infarction (MI) to a marker than can be used in the outpatient setting, as well as for both detection of myocardial injury and risk-stratification. Its main role remains in the diagnosis of acute MI and the risk-stratification of patients presenting with suspected acute coronary syndrome. The analytical improvements in assays leading to precise high-sensitivity cTn assays have contributed to the development of numerous strategies to identify patients at both low- and high-risk for acute MI within a few hours. These approaches should reduce overcrowding in the emergency room and expedite triaging. The ability of measuring cTn in most patients using high-sensitivity (hs) assays has allowed for the opportunity to examine its use in the detection of cardiotoxicity in patients undergoing chemotherapy, as well as exploring the application in both primary and secondary prevention of coronary artery disease. This particular field of research has become increasingly complex, partly due to the numerous cTn assays available (I and T; point-of-care, contemporary, hs) and an array of approaches in which one can use the test. The purpose of this document is to summarize the analytical and clinical information relevant to cTn assays, in particular, hs-cTn assays, and describe present and future opportunities for use of cTn in acute cardiac care and in the outpatient setting.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Troponina I/sangue , Troponina T/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Assistência Ambulatorial , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/prevenção & controle , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/prevenção & controle , Isquemia Miocárdica/metabolismo , Necrose/metabolismo , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Testes Imediatos , Prevenção Primária/métodos , Risco , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Terminologia como Assunto , Triagem
15.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; 8(5): 395-403, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29737180

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Copeptin in combination with troponin has been shown to have incremental value for the early rule-out of myocardial infarction, but its performance in Black patients specifically has never been examined. In light of a potential for wider use, data on copeptin in different relevant cohorts are needed. This is the first study to determine whether copeptin is equally effective at ruling out myocardial infarction in Black and Caucasian races. METHODS: This analysis of the CHOPIN trial included 792 Black and 1075 Caucasian patients who presented to the emergency department with chest pain and had troponin-I and copeptin levels drawn. RESULTS: One hundred and forty-nine patients were diagnosed with myocardial infarction (54 Black and 95 Caucasian). The negative predictive value of copeptin at a cut-off of 14 pmol/l (as in the CHOPIN study) for myocardial infarction was higher in Blacks (98.0%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 96.2-99.1%) than Caucasians (94.1%, 95% CI 92.1-95.7%). The sensitivity at 14 pmol/l was higher in Blacks (83.3%, 95% CI 70.7-92.1%) than Caucasians (53.7%, 95% CI 43.2-64.0%). After controlling for age, hypertension, heart failure, chronic kidney disease and body mass index in a logistic regression model, the interaction term had a P value of 0.03. A cut-off of 6 pmol/l showed similar sensitivity in Caucasians as 14 pmol/l in Blacks. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to identify a difference in the performance of copeptin to rule out myocardial infarction between Blacks and Caucasians, with increased negative predictive value and sensitivity in the Black population at a cut-off of 14 pmol/l. This also holds true for non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and, although numbers were small, similar trends exist in the normal troponin population. This may have significant implications for early rule-out strategies using copeptin.

16.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 57(5): 623-632, 2019 04 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30530880

RESUMO

The International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC) formed a Task Force on the Application of Cardiac Bio-markers (TF-CB) in 2008, re-designated in 2018 as a committee (C-CB), to produce educational materials on cardiac biomarkers. Established in June 2017, definitive tables covering the majority of high-sensitivity, contemporary and point-of-care (POC) cTn assays have been developed by the C-CB and are available on the IFCC website. These tables provide extensive information about assays' analytical characteristics and encompass information on diagnostic discriminants, particularly the 99th percentiles, as provided by the manufacturers.


Assuntos
Análise Química do Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Testes Imediatos/estatística & dados numéricos , Troponina I/sangue , Troponina T/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Humanos
17.
Am J Med ; 132(2): 217-226, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30419227

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite adverse prognoses of type 2 myocardial infarction and myocardial injury, an effective, practical risk stratification method remains an unmet clinical need. We sought to develop an efficient clinical bedside tool for estimating the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events at 180 days for this patient population. METHODS: The derivation cohort included patients with type 2 myocardial infarction or myocardial injury admitted to a tertiary hospital between 2012 and 2013 (n = 611). The primary outcome was a major adverse cardiovascular event (death or readmission for heart failure or myocardial infarction). The score included clinical variables significantly associated with the outcome. External validation was conducted using the UTROPIA cohort (n = 401). RESULTS: The TARRACO Score included cardiac troponin (cTn) concentrations and 5 independent clinical predictors of adverse cardiovascular events: age, hypertension, absence of chest pain, dyspnea, and anemia. The score exhibited good discriminative accuracy (area under the curve = 0.74; 95% CI, 0.70-0.79). Patients were classified into low-risk (score 0-6) and high-risk (score ≥7) categories. Major adverse cardiovascular events rates were 5 times more likely in high-risk patients compared with those at low risk (78.9 vs 15.4 events/100 patient-years, respectively; logrank P < .001). The external validation showed equivalent prognostic capacity (area under the curve=0.71, 0.65-0.78). CONCLUSION: A novel risk score based on bedside clinical variables and cTn concentrations allows risk stratification for death and cardiac-related rehospitalizations in patients with type 2 myocardial infarctions and myocardial injury. This score identifies patients at the highest risk of adverse events, a subset of patients who may benefit from close observation, medical intensification, or both.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Troponina I/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento , Anemia , Dor no Peito , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Mellitus , Dispneia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
18.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 57(5): 633-640, 2019 04 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30291783

RESUMO

Two interferences recently brought to the forefront as patient safety issues include hemolysis (hemoglobin) and biotin (vitamin B7). The International Federation for Clinical Chemistry Committee on Cardiac Biomarkers (IFCC-CB) obtained input from a majority of cTn and NP assay manufacturers to collate information related to high-sensitivity (hs)-cTnI, hs-cTnT, contemporary, and POC cTn assays, and NP assays interferences due to hemolysis and biotin. The information contained in these tables was designed as educational tools to aid laboratory professionals and clinicians in troubleshooting cardiac biomarker analytical results that are discordant with the clinical situation.


Assuntos
Análise Química do Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Troponina I/sangue , Troponina T/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biotina/sangue , Hemólise/fisiologia , Humanos
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30307785

RESUMO

Endurance exercise training (ET) stimulates eccentric left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) with left atrial dilation. To date, the biochemical correlates of exercise-induced cardiac remodelling (EICR) remain incompletely understood. Collegiate male rowers (n = 9) were studied with echocardiography and maximal-effort cardiopulmonary exercise testing (MECPET) before and after 90 days of ET intensification. Mid-regional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP), N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), and high-sensitivity troponin T (hscTn) were measured at rest, peak MECPET, and 60 minutes post-MECPET at both study time points. ET resulted in eccentric LVH (LV mass = 102 ± 8 vs. 110 ± 11 g/m2, p=0.001; relative wall thickness = 0.36 ± 0.04 vs. 0.37 ± 0.04, p=0.103), left atrial dilation (74 ± 18 vs. 84 ± 15 mL, p<0.001), and increased exercise capacity (peak VO2 = 53.0 ± 5.9 vs. 67.3 ± 8.2 ml/kg/min, p<0.001). LV remodelling was characterized by an approximate 7% increase in LV wall thickness but only a 3% increase in LV chamber radius. The magnitude of natriuretic peptide release, examined as percent change from rest to peak exercise, was significantly lower for both MR-proANP (115 [95, 127]% vs. 78 [59, 87]%, p=0.04) and NT-proBNP (46 [31, 70]% vs. 27 [25, 37]%, p=0.02) after ET. Rowing-based ET and corollary EICR appear to result in an attenuated natriuretic peptide response to maximal effort exercise. This may occur as a function of decreased cardiac wall stress after ET as seen by disproportionally higher ventricular wall thickening compared to chamber dilation.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA