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J Dent Hyg ; 93(5): 40-47, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628175


Purpose: Local anesthetics have been used in dentistry to aid patients in pain control during a wide range of surgical and non-surgical procedures. The purpose of this study was to explore the perspectives of patients regarding the administration of local anesthesia (LA) by dental hygienists.Methods: This qualitative study used an exploratory, online, focus group design. Four online focus groups were held with 18 participants recruited through purposive sampling. Pseudonyms were used to protect participants' confidentiality. A questioning route was established for the groups and validated by focus group experts and pilot testing procedures. Each focus group session was recorded and transcribed. Themes were analyzed using classic analysis strategy. Validity was established using investigator triangulation, saturation and member checks.Results: Three major themes were identified regarding the administration of local anesthesia by dental hygienists. The first theme identified was the patients' experience and the value participants placed on patient-centered care. The second theme was the participants' unclear perceptions regarding the dental hygienists' educational qualifications to administer LA and complete a dental hygiene diagnosis. The third theme revealed future suggestions for dentists and legislators from the participants.Conclusion: This qualitative study offers insight into the patient's perspective of dental hygienists administering LA. Participants supported dental hygienists administering LA and appreciated the aspects of patient-centered care that this practice provided. Patient participants were unclear on educational requirements and training, but supported legislation allowing dental hygienists to administer LA.

Anestesia Local , Higienistas Dentários , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Odontólogos , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
J Strength Cond Res ; 30(10): 2924-33, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26918278


Shuman, KM and Appleby, KM. Gender Preference? National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Student-Athletes and Strength and Conditioning Coaches. J Strength Cond Res 30(10): 2924-2933, 2016-The purpose of this study was to examine the preferences and attitudes of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I (DI) junior and senior class student-athletes toward the gender of their strength and conditioning coach (SCC). This study contributes to the empirical body of literature regarding student-athlete and strength and conditioning coach interaction specific to gender-related information and extends the efforts to increase student-athlete success. A qualitative framework was used for this study. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 10 NCAA DI junior or senior class student-athletes who had been exposed to and coached by both a male and a female SCC. The results of this study concluded that, in general, participants did not have a specific gender preference for their SCC. However, participants indicated a preference for a coaching leadership style, which conveyed (a) leadership ability, (b) professionalism,

Atletas/psicologia , Treinamento de Resistência/métodos , Esportes/fisiologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Universidades/organização & administração , Adulto , Atitude , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Liderança , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Confiança
J Community Health ; 39(4): 712-8, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24390740


China is experiencing one of the fastest growing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemics in the world. Condom use is consistently low among Chinese college students. The purpose of this study was to identify the predictors that determine the intention to use condoms among Chinese college students applying the theory of planned behavior (TPB). A non-probability convenience sample of 433 participants was drawn from three universities in Central, Eastern, and Southwestern China, respectively. An anonymous written questionnaire was self-administered. Data were collected and analyzed descriptively and statistically using Predictive Analytical Software 19.0. Multiple linear regression was performed to identify the predictors among 402 participants with non-missing data. Eighteen percent (78/433) of the participants reported being sexually active in the past 6 months. The percentage of times these individuals reported using condoms during intercourse was 38.19%. Intention to use condoms was statistically significantly (R(2) = 50.4%) predicted by attitudes (ß = 0.213), subjective norms (ß = 0.259), and perceived behavior control (PBC) (ß = 0.332). All predictors were statistically significant at the 0.001 level (p < 0.001). PBC was the strongest predictor of intention to use condoms. The study findings indicated that the TPB could be used as a framework to determine the predictors of intention to use condoms among the Chinese college students. It is recommended that the HIV education programs should increase the intention to use condoms through promoting positive attitudes, subjective norms and PBC of condom use in Chinese college students.

Preservativos/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Previsões , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/transmissão , Humanos , Intenção , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Estado Civil , Normas Sociais , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , Adulto Jovem