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1.
MethodsX ; 7: 101135, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33299802

RESUMO

Cell migration is the process by which cells move through tissues, and it is crucial to carry out a wide variety of physiological and pathological processes. The study methods to evaluate cell migration are very useful tools for biomedical research. Among these methods, the wound and healing assay is one of the simplest, most economical and is widely used in research. However, one of its disadvantages is that the width and shape of the wound can vary among experimental samples since the scraping is carried out manually, representing a difficult variable to control. In the present article a variant of the razor scrape assay is addressed, which eliminates this variation in the width of the wound, thus facilitating the measurement and comparison using the total area of cell migration.•A method that can be carried out under standard culture conditions.•Avoids the disadvantage of variation in width and shape of the wound.•It constitutes a simple, cheap option and multiple advantages over the traditional method.

2.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2020: 3176375, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33149807

RESUMO

A hypoxic microenvironment is a hallmark in different types of tumors; this phenomenon participates in a metabolic alteration that confers resistance to treatments. Because of this, it was proposed that a combination of 2-methoxyestradiol (2-ME) and sodium dichloroacetate (DCA) could reduce this alteration, preventing proliferation through the reactivation of aerobic metabolism in lung adenocarcinoma cell line (A549). A549 cells were cultured in a hypoxic chamber at 1% O2 for 72 hours to determine the effect of this combination on growth, migration, and expression of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) by immunofluorescence. The effect in the metabolism was evaluated by the determination of glucose/glutamine consumption and the lactate/glutamate production. The treatment of 2-ME (10 µM) in combination with DCA (40 mM) under hypoxic conditions showed an inhibitory effect on growth and migration. Notably, this reduction could be attributed to 2-ME, while DCA had a predominant effect on metabolic activity. Moreover, this combination decreases the signaling of HIF-3α and partially HIF-1α but not HIF-2α. The results of this study highlight the antitumor activity of the combination of 2-ME 10 µl/DCA 40 mM, even in hypoxic conditions.

3.
Genes (Basel) ; 11(10)2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066450

RESUMO

The Mexican population has one of the highest prevalences of metabolic syndrome (MetS) worldwide. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with MetS and its components. First, we performed a pilot Genome-wide association study (GWAS) scan on a sub-sample derived from the Health Workers Cohort Study (HWCS) (n = 411). Based on GWAS results, we selected the rs1784042 and rs17120425 SNPs in the SIDT1 transmembrane family member 2 (SIDT2) gene for replication in the entire cohort (n = 1963), using predesigned TaqMan assays. We observed a prevalence of MetS in the HWCS of 52.6%. The minor allele frequency for the variant rs17120425 was 10% and 29% for the rs1784042. The SNP rs1784042 showed an overall association with MetS (OR = 0.82, p = 0.01) and with low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL-c) (odds ratio (OR) = 0.77, p = 0.001). The SNP rs17120425 had a significant association with type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk in the overall population (OR = 1.39, p = 0.033). Our results suggest an association of the rs1784042 and rs17120425 variants with MetS, through different mechanisms in the Mexican population. Further studies in larger samples and other populations are required to validate these findings and the relevance of these SNPs in MetS.

4.
Biomarkers ; 25(4): 331-340, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32279544

RESUMO

Context: Ifosfamide (IFA) is an effective antineoplastic for solid tumours in children, although it is associated with high levels of systemic toxicity and causes death in some cases. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether the presence of certain allelic variants of genes CYP2B6, CYP2C9, CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 increases the risk of toxicity in children with solid tumours treated with ifosfamide.Materials and methods: A total of 131 DNA samples were genotyped by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using TaqMan probes. Toxicity was assessed using WHO criteria, and survival analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier curves.Results: The rs3745274 allelic variant in CYP2B6 was associated with haematological toxicity, affecting neutrophils; CYP3A4 variant rs2740574 was also associated with toxicity, affecting both leukocytes and neutrophils. Additionally, the CYP3A5 gene variant rs776746 was found to affect haemoglobin.Conclusions: Our results show that allelic variants rs3745274 (CYP2B6), rs2740574 (CYP34) and rs776746 (CYP3A5) increase the risk for high haematological toxicity.Clinical trial registration: 068/2013.

5.
Respir Res ; 20(1): 130, 2019 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31234835

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is an age-related, progressive and lethal disease, whose pathogenesis is associated with fibroblasts/myofibroblasts foci that produce excessive extracellular matrix accumulation in lung parenchyma. Hypoxia has been described as a determinant factor in its development and progression. However, the role of distinct members of this pathway is not completely described. METHODS: By western blot, quantitative PCR, Immunohistochemistry and Immunocitochemistry were evaluated, the expression HIF alpha subunit isoforms 1, 2 & 3 as well, as their role in myofibroblast differentiation in lung tissue and fibroblast cell lines derived from IPF patients. RESULTS: Hypoxia signaling pathway was found very active in lungs and fibroblasts from IPF patients, as demonstrated by the abundance of alpha subunits 1 and 2, which further correlated with the increased expression of myofibroblast marker αSMA. In contrast, HIF-3α showed reduced expression associated with its promoter hypermethylation. CONCLUSIONS: This study lends further support to the involvement of hypoxia in the pathogenesis of IPF, and poses HIF-3α expression as a potential negative regulator of these phenomena.


Assuntos
Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/biossíntese , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/metabolismo , Miofibroblastos/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/biossíntese , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Linhagem Celular , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/genética , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/patologia , Miofibroblastos/patologia , Proteínas Repressoras/genética
6.
Stem Cells Int ; 2019: 2728786, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31065271

RESUMO

Extracellular ATP and trophic factors released by exocytosis modulate in vivo proliferation, migration, and differentiation in multipotent stem cells (MpSC); however, the purinoceptors mediating this signaling remain uncharacterized in stem cells derived from the human olfactory epithelium (hOE). Our aim was to determine the purinergic pathway in isolated human olfactory neuronal precursor cells (hONPC) that exhibit MpSC features. Cloning by limiting dilution from a hOE heterogeneous primary culture was performed to obtain a culture predominantly constituted by hONPC. Effectiveness of cloning to isolate MpSC-like precursors was corroborated through immunodetection of specific protein markers and by functional criteria such as self-renewal, proliferation capability, and excitability of differentiated progeny. P2 receptor expression in hONPC was determined by Western blot, and the role of these purinoceptors in the ATP-induced exocytosis and changes in cytosolic Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) were evaluated using the fluorescent indicators FM1-43 and Fura-2 AM, respectively. The clonal culture was enriched with SOX2 and OCT3/4 transcription factors; additionally, the proportion of nestin-immunopositive cells, the proliferation capability, and functionality of differentiated progeny remained unaltered through the long-term clonal culture. hONPC expressed P2X receptor subtypes 1, 3-5, and 7, as well as P2Y2, 4, 6, and 11; ATP induced both exocytosis and a transient [Ca2+]i increase predominantly by activation of metabotropic P2Y receptors. Results demonstrated for the first time that ex vivo-expressed functional P2 receptors in MpSC-like hONPC regulate exocytosis and Ca2+ signaling. This purinergic-triggered release of biochemical messengers to the extracellular milieu might be involved in the paracrine signaling among hOE cells.

7.
Front Pediatr ; 7: 48, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30881949

RESUMO

Purpose: The objective of this study was to determine whether a comorbidity index could be used to predict mortality in pediatric patients with chemotherapy-treated solid tumors. Methods: Pediatric patients who underwent chemotherapy treatment for solid tumors were included, and demographic, clinical, and comorbidity data were obtained from patient electronic records. Results: A total of 196 pediatric patients with embryonic solid tumors were included. Metastatic tumors were the most frequently observed (n = 103, 52.6%). The most common comorbidities encountered for the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) were cellulitis (n = 24, 12.2%) and acute renal failure (n = 15, 7.7%). For the Pediatric Comorbidity Index (PCI), the most frequent comorbidities were pneumonia and sepsis, with n = 64 (32.7%) for each. We evaluated established the prognostic values for both indexes using Kaplan-Meier curves, finding that the CCI and PCI could predict mortality with p < 0.0001. Conclusion: Using the PCI, we observed 100% survival in patients without comorbidities, 70% survival in patients with a low degree of comorbidity, and 20% survival in patients with a high degree of comorbidity. Greater discrimination of probability of survival could be achieved using degrees of comorbidity on the PCI than using degrees of comorbidity on the CCI. The application of the PCI for assessing the hospitalized pediatric population may be of importance for improving clinical evaluation.

8.
Exp Ther Med ; 12(3): 1419-1427, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27602069

RESUMO

Asthma airway remodeling is characterized by the thickening of the basement membrane (BM) due to an increase in extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition, which contributes to the irreversibility of airflow obstruction. Interstitial collagens are the primary ECM components to be increased during the fibrotic process. The aim of the present study was to examine the interstitial collagen turnover during the course of acute and chronic asthma, and 1 month after the last exposure to the allergen. Guinea pigs sensitized to ovalbumin (OVA) and exposed to 3 further OVA challenges (acute model) or 12 OVA challenges (chronic model) were used as asthma experimental models. A group of animals from either model was sacrificed 1 h or 1 month after the last OVA challenge. Collagen distribution, collagen content, interstitial collagenase activity and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, MMP-13 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 protein expression levels were measured in the lung tissue samples from both experimental models. The results revealed that collagen deposit in bronchiole BM, adventitial and airway smooth muscle layers was increased in both experimental models as well as lung tissue collagen concentration. These structural changes persisted 1 month after the last OVA challenge. In the acute model, a decrease in collagenase activity and in MMP-1 concentration was observed. Collagenase activity returned to basal levels, and an increase in MMP-1 and MMP-13 expression levels along with a decrease in TIMP-1 expression levels were observed in animals sacrificed 1 month after the last OVA challenge. In the chronic model, there were no changes in collagenase activity or in MMP-13 concentration, although MMP-1 expression levels increased. One month later, an increase in collagenase activity was observed, although MMP-1 and TIMP-1 levels were not altered. The results of the present study suggest that even when the allergen challenges were discontinued, and collagenase activity and MMP-1 expression increased, fibrosis remained, contributing to the irreversibility of bronchoconstriction.

9.
PLoS One ; 11(3): e0150383, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26934369

RESUMO

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive and lethal disease of unknown etiology. A growing body of evidence indicates that it may result from an aberrant activation of alveolar epithelium, which induces the expansion of the fibroblast population, their differentiation to myofibroblasts and the excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix. The mechanisms that activate the alveolar epithelium are unknown, but several studies indicate that smoking is the main environmental risk factor for the development of IPF. In this study we explored the effect of cigarette smoke on the gene expression profile and signaling pathways in alveolar epithelial cells. Lung epithelial cell line from human (A549), was exposed to cigarette smoke extract (CSE) for 1, 3, and 5 weeks at 1, 5 and 10% and gene expression was evaluated by complete transcriptome microarrays. Signaling networks were analyzed with the Ingenuity Pathway Analysis software. At 5 weeks of exposure, alveolar epithelial cells acquired a fibroblast-like phenotype. At this time, gene expression profile revealed a significant increase of more than 1000 genes and deregulation of canonical signaling pathways such as TGF-ß and Wnt. Several profibrotic genes involved in EMT were over-expressed, and incomplete EMT was observed in these cells, and corroborated in mouse (MLE-12) and rat (RLE-6TN) epithelial cells. The secretion of activated TGF-ß1 increased in cells exposed to cigarette smoke, which decreased when the integrin alpha v gene was silenced. These findings suggest that the exposure of alveolar epithelial cells to CSE induces the expression and release of a variety of profibrotic genes, and the activation of TGF-ß1, which may explain at least partially, the increased risk of developing IPF in smokers.


Assuntos
Células Epiteliais/patologia , Fibroblastos/patologia , Alvéolos Pulmonares/patologia , Fumaça/efeitos adversos , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Tabaco/efeitos adversos , Transcriptoma , Animais , Antígenos de Neoplasias/genética , Antígenos de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Células Epiteliais/citologia , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Fibroblastos/citologia , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/etiologia , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/genética , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/metabolismo , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/patologia , Integrinas/genética , Integrinas/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Alvéolos Pulmonares/citologia , Alvéolos Pulmonares/metabolismo , Ratos Wistar , Transdução de Sinais , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt
10.
Oncol Rep ; 35(1): 577-83, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26548300

RESUMO

Hypoxic tumor cells are known to be more resistant to conventional chemotherapy and radiation than normoxic cells. However, the effects of 2-methoxyestradiol (2-ME), an anti-angiogenic, antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic drug, on hypoxic lung cancer cells are unknown. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of 2-ME on cell growth, apoptosis, hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) and HIF-2α gene and protein expression in A549 cells under normoxic and hypoxic conditions. To establish the optimal 2-ME concentration with which to carry out the apoptosis assay and to examine mRNA and protein expression of HIFs, cell growth analysis was carried out through N-hexa-methylpararosaniline staining assays in A549 cell cultures treated with one of five different 2-ME concentrations at different times under normoxic or hypoxic growth conditions. The 2-ME concentration of 10 mM at 72 h was selected to perform all further experiments. Apoptotic cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. Western blotting was used to determine HIF-1α and HIF-2α protein expression in total cell extracts. Cellular localization of HIF-1α and HIF-2α was assessed by immunocytochemistry. HIF-1α and HIF-2α gene expression was determined by real-time PCR. A significant increase in the percentage of apoptosis was observed when cells were treated with 2-ME under a normoxic but not under hypoxic conditions (p=0.006). HIF-1α and HIF-2α protein expression levels were significantly decreased in cells cultured under hypoxic conditions and treated with 2-ME (p<0.001). Furthermore, 2-ME decreased the HIF-1α and HIF-2α nuclear staining in cells cultured under hypoxia. The HIF-1α and HIF-2α mRNA levels were significantly lower when cells were exposed to 2-ME under normoxia and hypoxia. Our results suggest that 2-ME could have beneficial results when used with conventional chemotherapy in an attempt to lower the invasive and metastatic processes during cancer development due to its effects on the gene expression and protein synthesis of HIFs.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/genética , Estradiol/análogos & derivados , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , 2-Metoxiestradiol , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/metabolismo , Hipóxia Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Núcleo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Estradiol/farmacologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética
11.
BMC Pulm Med ; 15: 129, 2015 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26496868

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a fatal lung disease of unknown etiology. Genetic variation within different major histocompatibility complex (MHC) loci contributes to the susceptibility to IPF. The effect of 70 kDa heat shock proteins (HSP70) gene polymorphisms in the susceptibility to IPF is unknown. The aim of this study was to explore the association between HSP70 polymorphisms and IPF susceptibility in the Mexican population. METHODS: Four HSP70 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were evaluated using real time PCR assays in 168 IPF patients and 205 controls: +2763 C>T of HSPA1L (rs2075800), +2437 of HSP HSPA1L A>G (rs2227956), +190 of HSPA1A G>C (rs1043618) and +1267 of HSPA1B G>A (rs1061581). RESULTS: The analysis of the recessive model revealed a significant decrease in the frequency of the genotype HSPA1B AA (rs1061581) in IPF patients (OR = 0.27, 95 % CI = 0.13-0.57, Pc = 0.0003) when compared to controls. Using a multivariate logistic regression analysis in a codominant model the HSPA1B (rs1061581) GA and AA genotypes were associated with a lower risk of IPF compared with GG (OR = 0.22, 95 % CI = 0.07-0.65; p = 0.006 and OR = 0.17, 95 % CI = 0.07-0.41; p = <0.001). Similarly, HSPA1L (rs2227956) AG genotype (OR = 0.34, 95 % CI = 0.12-0.99; p = 0.04) and the dominant model AG + GG genotypes were also associated with a lower risk of IPF (OR = 0.24, 95 % CI = 0.08-0.67; p = 0.007). In contrast, the HSPA1L (rs2075800) TT genotype was associated with susceptibility to IPF (OR = 2.52, 95 % CI = 1.32-4.81; p = 0.005). CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that HSPA1B (rs1061581), HSPA1L (rs2227956) and HSPA1 (rs1043618) polymorphisms are associated with a decreased risk of IPF.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/genética , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Alelos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , México , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
12.
Respiration ; 85(4): 281-8, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22441380

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: One of the risk factors associated with lung cancer in never-smoker patients is wood smoke exposure (WS). However, information about its clinical and molecular characteristics remains scant. OBJECTIVE: This was to analyze--in plasma from patients with tobacco- or wood-smoke-induced lung cancer--whether the enzymatic activity and concentration of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMPs) differ, and to determine whether there was a correlation between these indicators of the metastatic potential and the first-line chemotherapy response. METHODS: Patients were classified according to lung cancer associated with: the smoking of tobacco (T), WS and where no association with a known risk factor (N) could be established. The gelatinase activity of plasma MMP was analyzed by radiolabeled substrate degradation and zymography assay. Protein expression of MMPs and TIMPs was evaluated by Western blot densitometry analysis. RESULTS: The 26.9% WS patients had a better response to therapy in comparison with the T group (OR = 4.9, 95% CI = 1.25-20.15; p = 0.019). The lowest gelatinase activity was observed in WS subjects, in comparison with T and N subjects (96.7 ± 15.9, 182.9 ± 31.5 and 163.3 ± 22.7 µg of degraded gelatin/mg of incubated plasma protein, respectively; p < 0.025); this enzymatic activity corresponded to MMP-2. The highest MMP-2, MMP-9, MT1-MMP and TIMP-1 plasma levels were observed in T subjects. CONCLUSION: Tobacco and wood smoke have different effects on MMP and TIMP synthesis and gelatinase activity, directly influencing lung cancer metastatic potential and chemotherapy response.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/enzimologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/enzimologia , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/sangue , Fumaça/efeitos adversos , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Inibidores Teciduais de Metaloproteinases/sangue , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Tabaco , Resultado do Tratamento , Madeira
13.
Lung ; 190(1): 99-104, 2012 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22037792

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine if gelatinase activity of plasma matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) can be used as a method to assess chemotherapy response and cancer progression in primary lung adenocarcinoma patients. METHODS: A group of 28 patients was divided according to risk factor as follows: lung cancer associated with wood smoke exposure (LCW), lung cancer in tobacco smokers (LCT), and patients with no association to a known risk factor (LCN). Plasma gelatinase activity was measured by zymography and radiolabeled gelatin degradation. RESULTS: The chemotherapy response was better in the LCW group (25%) compared with the LCT (7.1%) patients (P = 0.039). MMP gelatinase activity was increased in all lung cancer subjects. Patients with progression of the disease had a significant increase in gelatinase activity compared with subjects, with a response to treatment (330.3 ± 44.4 and 64.9 ± 8.5 µg of degraded gelatin/mg of incubated plasma protein, respectively, P = 2.972 × 10(-5)). Zymography assay revealed that the increase in gelatinase activity corresponded mainly to MMP-2. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with progression of lung adenocarcinoma, mainly from the LCT group, had an increase in gelatinase activity compared with subjects that responded to chemotherapy. Therefore, plasma gelatinase activity, particularly MMP-2 enzymatic activity, could be used as a way to assess lung adenocarcinoma progression as well as an indicator for the use of MMP-2 inhibitors.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/enzimologia , Gelatinases/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/enzimologia , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/sangue , Adenocarcinoma/etiologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/etiologia , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/sangue , Fumaça/efeitos adversos , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Madeira
14.
Respir Med ; 104(6): 889-94, 2010 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20153157

RESUMO

Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis (HP) is a lung inflammatory disorder caused by inhalation of organic particles by a susceptible host. However, only a small proportion of individuals exposed to HP-associated antigens develop the disease, suggesting that additional host/environmental factors may play a role. We have previously found that genetic susceptibility associated to the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) plays an important role in this disease. The low molecular weight proteosome (LMP, currently named PSMB) genes code for subunits of the proteosome, a multimeric enzymatic complex that degrades proteins into peptides in order to be presented in the MHC class I pathway. We hypothesized that polymorphisms in PSMB8 or PSMB9 genes could be involved in the susceptibility to HP. Thus, in this study we analyzed the polymorphic site at amino acid position 60 (Arg/His) of the fourth exon in the PSMB9 gene and the amino acid position 49 (Gln/Lys) in the second exon of PSMB8 gene in 50 Mexican patients with HP and 50 healthy ethnically matched controls. PSMB typing was performed using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphisms (PCR-RFLP). Our results demonstrated that HP patients had a significant increase of the PSMB8 KQ genotype frequency (OR = 7.25, CI = 2.61-21.3; p = 0.000034). No differences were found in the distribution of PSMB9 alleles/genotypes. However, PSMB9-RH/PSMB8 KQ haplotype was significantly increased in HP patients (OR = 6.77, CI = 1.34-65.31, p < 0.02). These findings suggest that PSMB8 KQ genotype could increase the risk to develop hypersensitivity pneumonitis.


Assuntos
Alveolite Alérgica Extrínseca/genética , Frequência do Gene/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Haplótipos/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Alveolite Alérgica Extrínseca/imunologia , Alveolite Alérgica Extrínseca/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , México
15.
Hum Genet ; 125(5-6): 639-48, 2009 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19363685

RESUMO

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive and lethal lung disorder of unknown etiology. IPF is likely the result of complex interrelationships between environmental and host factors, although the genetic risk factors are presently uncertain. Because we have found that some MHC polymorphisms confer susceptibility to IPF, in the present study we aimed to evaluate the role of the MHC class I chain-related gene A (MICA) in the risk of developing the disease. MICA molecular typing was done by reference strand mediated conformation analysis in a cohort of 80 IPF patients and 201 controls. In addition, the lung cellular source of the protein was examined by immunohistochemistry, the expression of the MICA receptor NKG2D in lung cells by flow cytometry and soluble MICA by ELISA. A significant increase of MICA*001 was observed in the IPF cohort (OR = 2.91, 95% CI = 1.04-8.25; pC = 0.03). Likewise, the frequency of the MICA*001/*00201 genotype was significantly increased in patients with IPF compared with the healthy controls (OR = 4.72, 95% CI = 1.15-22.51; pC = 0.01). Strong immunoreactive MICA staining was localized in alveolar epithelial cells and fibroblasts from IPF lungs while control lungs were negative. Soluble MICA was detected in 35% of IPF patients compared with 12% of control subjects (P = 0.0007). The expression of NKG2D was significantly decreased in gammadelta T cells and natural killer cells obtained from IPF lungs. These findings indicate that MICA polymorphisms and abnormal expression of the MICA receptor NKG2D might contribute to IPF susceptibility.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/genética , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/genética , Subfamília K de Receptores Semelhantes a Lectina de Células NK/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Antígenos HLA-B/genética , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/sangue , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Subfamília K de Receptores Semelhantes a Lectina de Células NK/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/metabolismo
16.
Exp Mol Pathol ; 84(2): 173-7, 2008 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18342853

RESUMO

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) is a lung inflammatory disease caused by the inhalation of a variety of antigens. Previous studies support the role of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II genes in the susceptibility to develop HP. However, the putative role of other MHC loci has not been elucidated. Transporters associated with antigen processing (TAP) genes are located within the MHC class II region and play an important role transporting peptides across the endoplasmic reticulum membrane for MHC class I molecules assembly. The distribution of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in TAP1 genes was analyzed in 73 hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) patients and 58 normal subjects. We found a significant association of the allele Gly-637 (GGC) (p=0.00004, OR=27.30, CI=3.87-548.04) and the genotypes Asp-637/Gly-637 (p=0.01, OR=16.0, CI=2.19-631.21), Pro-661/Pro-661 (p=0.006, OR=11.30, CI=2.28-75.77) with HP. A significant decrease in the frequency of the allele Pro-661 (CCA) (p=0.008, OR=0.06, CI=0-0.45), the genotype Asp-637/Asp-637 (p=0.01, OR=0.17, 95% CI=0.05-0.58) and the haplotype [Val-333 (GTC), Val-458 (GTG), Gly-637 (GGC), Pro-661 (CCA)] was detected in HP patients compared with controls (p=0.002, OR=0.07, CI=0.0-0.57). These findings suggest that TAP1 gene polymorphisms are related to HP risk, and highlight the importance of the MHC in the development of this disease.


Assuntos
Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Alveolite Alérgica Extrínseca/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Membro 2 da Subfamília B de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP , Alveolite Alérgica Extrínseca/patologia , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Humanos
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