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1.
J Cardiol ; 2019 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31235420

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While physical rehabilitation has been shown to be beneficial and safe for patients suffering from heart failure, data on rehabilitation for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients are limited. METHODS: Forty-five HCM patients participated in an exercise rehabilitation program. Exercise capacity was measured in metabolic equivalent of task (METs) units and functional status was defined according to the New York Heart Association (NYHA). Self-reported measurements addressed the quality of life and daily life function. RESULTS: Of the 45 participants, 32 completed at least 3 months of rehabilitation and had data from two sequential exercise tests. A significant increase in exercise capacity (from mean 5.3 to 6.7 METs, p=0.01), was achieved at higher peak heart rates. Eighteen patients (56%) who showed improvement in exercise capacity did not differ in their NYHA class, clinical, electrocardiographic, or echo-Doppler parameters compared to those who did not improve. The benefit from training was associated with a lower exercise capacity at baseline and was most pronounced in those capable of less than 6.8 METs (p=0.008). No significant arrhythmias or adverse events were recorded in HCM patients during participation. In ∼40% of participants, training improved the subjective perception of functional capacity and quality of life; only 4 patients (9%) discontinued their participation due to discomfort during or following training. The improvement in exercise capacity was comparable between HCM and a reference group of dilated cardiomyopathy patients. CONCLUSIONS: Exercise rehabilitation appears to be applicable and safe in HCM. It mainly benefits patients suffering from significant functional limitation. Larger prospective studies are needed to validate these findings and better characterize patients expected to benefit from these programs.

2.
Am J Cardiol ; 124(4): 554-559, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31221464

RESUMO

Minimal attention has been paid to understanding the implications of the chronicity of heart failure (HF) diagnosis on prognosis of hospitalized patients with acute HF (AHF). We aimed to assess the differences in outcomes between hospitalized patients with AHF that are new-onset (de-novo) AHF and acutely decompensated chronic HF (ADCHF). We analyzed data of 2,328 patients with AHF, who were enrolled in the HF survey in Israel. Patients were classified into de-novo AHF and ADCHF. A total of 721 (31%) patients were classified as de-novo AHF and 1,607 (69%) patients were classified as ADCHF. Patients with de-novo AHF were more likely to be younger, with fewer co-morbidities represented by lower Charlson index, and less likely to have past myocardial infarction as well as coronary revascularization. At 30 days mortality rates were similar in both groups (9% vs 8% in de-novo AHF and ADCHF, respectively). Survival analysis showed that at 1 and 10 years the all-cause mortality rates were significantly higher in patients with ADCHF (33% vs 22% and 90% vs 72%, 1 and 10 years, log-rank p < 0.001, respectively). Consistently, multivariable analysis showed that patients with ADCHF had an independently 58% and 48%, higher mortality risk at 1 and 10 years, respectively, (1-year hazard ratio = 1.58; 95% confidence interval 1.05 to 2.38, p = 0.03; 10-year hazard ratio = 1.48; 95% confidence interval = 1.23 to 2.77; p < 0.001). In conclusion, previous history of HF is an independent predictor of 1-year and 10-year mortality after hospitalization for AHF. Distinction between de-novo AHF and ADCHF may improve our understanding and risk stratification of patients with AHF.

4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(10)2019 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31100876

RESUMO

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) leads to cardiomyopathy characterized by cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, followed by mitochondrial dysfunction and interstitial fibrosis, all of which are exacerbated by angiotensin II (AT). SIRT1 and its transcriptional coactivator target PGC-1α (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator), and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) modulates mitochondrial biogenesis and antioxidant protection. We have previously shown the beneficial effect of caloric restriction (CR) on diabetic cardiomyopathy through intracellular signaling pathways involving the SIRT1-PGC-1α axis. In the current study, we examined the role of HO-1 in diabetic cardiomyopathy in mice subjected to CR. METHODS: Cardiomyopathy was induced in obese diabetic (db/db) mice by AT infusion. Mice were either fed ad libitum or subjected to CR. In an in vitro study, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) level was determined in cardiomyocytes exposed to different glucose levels (7.5-33 mM). We examined the effects of Sn(tin)-mesoporphyrin (SnMP), which is an inhibitor of HO activity, the HO-1 inducer cobalt protoporphyrin (CoPP), and the SIRT1 inhibitor (EX-527) on diabetic cardiomyopathy. RESULTS: Diabetic mice had low levels of HO-1 and elevated levels of the oxidative marker malondialdehyde (MDA). CR attenuated left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), increased HO-1 levels, and decreased MDA levels. SnMP abolished the protective effects of CR and caused pronounced LVH and cardiac metabolic dysfunction represented by suppressed levels of adiponectin, SIRT1, PPARγ, PGC-1α, and increased MDA. High glucose (33 mM) increased ROS in cultured cardiomyocytes, while SnMP reduced SIRT1, PGC-1α levels, and HO activity. Similarly, SIRT1 inhibition led to a reduction in PGC-1α and HO-1 levels. CoPP increased HO-1 protein levels and activity, SIRT1, and PGC-1α levels, and decreased ROS production, suggesting a positive feedback between SIRT1 and HO-1. CONCLUSION: These results establish a link between SIRT1, PGC-1α, and HO-1 signaling that leads to the attenuation of ROS production and diabetic cardiomyopathy. CoPP mimicked the beneficial effect of CR, while SnMP increased oxidative stress, aggravating cardiac hypertrophy. The data suggest that increasing HO-1 levels constitutes a novel therapeutic approach to protect the diabetic heart. Brief Summary: CR attenuates cardiomyopathy, and increases HO-1, SIRT activity, and PGC-1α protein levels in diabetic mice. High glucose reduces adiponectin, SIRT1, PGC1-1α, and HO-1 levels in cardiomyocytes, resulting in oxidative stress. The pharmacological activation of HO-1 activity mimics the effect of CR, while SnMP increased oxidative stress and cardiac hypertrophy. These data suggest the critical role of HO-1 in protecting the diabetic heart.

5.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 21(5): 553-576, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30989768

RESUMO

Cardiomyopathies are a heterogeneous group of heart muscle diseases and an important cause of heart failure (HF). Current knowledge on incidence, pathophysiology and natural history of HF in cardiomyopathies is limited, and distinct features of their therapeutic responses have not been systematically addressed. Therefore, this position paper focuses on epidemiology, pathophysiology, natural history and latest developments in treatment of HF in patients with dilated (DCM), hypertrophic (HCM) and restrictive (RCM) cardiomyopathies. In DCM, HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) has high incidence and prevalence and represents the most frequent cause of death, despite improvements in treatment. In addition, advanced HF in DCM is one of the leading indications for heart transplantation. In HCM, HF with preserved ejection (HFpEF) affects most patients with obstructive, and ∼10% of patients with non-obstructive HCM. A timely treatment is important, since development of advanced HF, although rare in HCM, portends a poor prognosis. In RCM, HFpEF is common, while HFrEF occurs later and more frequently in amyloidosis or iron overload/haemochromatosis. Irrespective of RCM aetiology, HF is a harbinger of a poor outcome. Recent advances in our understanding of the mechanisms underlying the development of HF in cardiomyopathies have significant implications for therapeutic decision-making. In addition, new aetiology-specific treatment options (e.g. enzyme replacement therapy, transthyretin stabilizers, immunoadsorption, immunotherapy, etc.) have shown a potential to improve outcomes. Still, causative therapies of many cardiomyopathies are lacking, highlighting the need for the development of effective strategies to prevent and treat HF in cardiomyopathies.

6.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(3): 2125-2135, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30618214

RESUMO

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked progressive muscle degenerative disease, caused by mutations in the dystrophin gene and resulting in death because of respiratory or cardiac failure. To investigate the cardiac cellular manifestation of DMD, we generated induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CMs) from two DMD patients: a male and female manifesting heterozygous carrier. Dystrophin mRNA and protein expression were analysed by qRT-PCR, RNAseq, Western blot and immunofluorescence staining. For comprehensive electrophysiological analysis, current and voltage clamp were used to record transmembrane action potentials and ion currents, respectively. Microelectrode array was used to record extracellular electrograms. X-inactive specific transcript (XIST) and dystrophin expression analyses revealed that female iPSCs underwent X chromosome reactivation (XCR) or erosion of X chromosome inactivation, which was maintained in female iPSC-CMs displaying mixed X chromosome expression of wild type (WT) and mutated alleles. Both DMD female and male iPSC-CMs presented low spontaneous firing rate, arrhythmias and prolonged action potential duration. DMD female iPSC-CMs displayed increased beat rate variability (BRV). DMD male iPSC-CMs manifested decreased If density, and DMD female and male iPSC-CMs showed increased ICa,L density. Our findings demonstrate cellular mechanisms underlying electrophysiological abnormalities and cardiac arrhythmias in DMD.

8.
Mol Genet Metab ; 2018 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30413388

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heterozygous females with Fabry disease have a wide range of clinical phenotypes depending on the nature of their mutation and their X-chromosome inactivation pattern; it is therefore important to examine outcomes of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) in the female patient population specifically. This paper presents the findings of a systematic literature review of treatment outcomes with ERT in adult female patients. METHODS: A comprehensive systematic literature review was conducted through January 2017 to retrieve published papers with original data on ERT in the treatment of Fabry disease. The review included all original articles that presented ERT outcomes data on patients with Fabry disease, irrespective of the study type. RESULTS: Clinical evidence for the efficacy of ERT in female patients was available from 67 publications including six clinical trial publications, and indicates significant reductions in plasma and urine globotriaosylceramide (GL-3) accumulation (in female patients with elevated pre-treatment levels) and improvements in cardiac parameters and quality of life (QoL). To date, data are insufficient to conclude on the effects of ERT on the nervous system, gastrointestinal manifestations, and pain in female patients with Fabry disease. CONCLUSIONS: This review of available literature data demonstrates that ERT in adult female patients with Fabry disease has a beneficial effect on GL-3 levels and cardiac outcomes. The current evidence also suggests that ERT may improve QoL in this patient population, though further studies are needed to examine these results.

9.
Eur Heart J ; 2018 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30358878

RESUMO

Aims: Diabetes mellitus (DM) aggravates the clinical features of ischaemic and hypertensive heart diseases and worsens the prognosis of heart failure patients. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and diabetes coexist fairly frequently in elderly patients but the impact of DM on the clinical phenotype of HCM is yet unknown. We sought to describe if predominant features of heart failure in DM patients exist independently in HCM. Methods and results: We reviewed clinical characteristics of 937 patients, age ≥40, diagnosed with HCM, from two tertiary medical centres in Spain and Israel. A propensity score matched cohort of 294 patients was also analysed. Our cohort comprised 102 HCM patients with diabetes (8.7%). Patients with DM were older at diagnosis {median 56 [interquartile range (IQR) 47-67] vs. 53 (IQR 43-63), P = 0.02} and had a higher prevalence of comorbidities. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients with DM had a higher prevalence of diastolic dysfunction, pulmonary hypertension, significant mitral regurgitation, and pacemaker implantation. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients with DM had a higher New York Heart Association (NYHA) class (P < 0.001) and lower exercise capacity [7.0 METS (IQR 5.0-10.0) vs. 9.0 METS (IQR 6.6-11.0), P = 0.002]. These findings were independent of age, gender, country of origin, hypertension, and coronary artery disease. Patients with diabetes had a significantly higher 15-year mortality (22% vs. 15%, P = 0.03), with no differences in sudden cardiac death, appropriate implanted cardioverter-defibrillator therapy, or heart transplantation. Conclusion: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients with diabetes are older and have a higher cardiovascular risk profile. They have a lower functional capacity and more heart failure symptoms due to diastolic dysfunction.

10.
Exp Cell Res ; 373(1-2): 112-118, 2018 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30359575

RESUMO

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) follows impaired glucose tolerance in obesity and is frequently associated with hypertension, causing adverse myocardial remodelling and leading to heart failure. The DNA bound protein PARP (poly ADP ribose) polymerase catalyses a post translational modification (polymerization of negatively charged ADP-ribose chains) of nuclear proteins. PARP-1 activation is NAD+ dependent and takes part in DNA repair and in chromatin remodelling and has a function in transcriptional regulation, intracellular trafficking and energy metabolism. PARP-1 is activated in diabetic cardiomyopathy. We hypothesized that PARP-1 inhibition in diabetic mice may protect cardiomyocytes from inflammation and ROS production. METHODS: Obese Leptin resistant (db/db) mice suffering from DM2, were treated with angiotensin II (AT) for 4 weeks to enhance the development of cardiomyopathy. Mice were concomitantly treated with the PARP-1 inhibitor INO1001. Neonatal cardiomyocytes exposed to high levels of glucose (33 mM) with or without AT were treated with INO1001. or with SIRT inhibitor (EX-527) in the presence of INO1001 were tested in-vitro. RESULTS: The in-vivo tests show that hearts from AT treated DM2 mice exhibited cardiac hypertrophy, fibrosis and an increase in the inflammatory marker TNFα. DM2 mice had an increased oxidative stress, concomitant with elevated PARP-1 activity and reduced Sirtuin-1 (SIRT1) expression. PARP-1 inhibition led to increased SIRT1 and Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-α (PGC-1α) levels, attenuating oxidative stress, inflammation and fibrosis. In-vitro experiments demonstrated that inhibition of PARP-1 in cardiomyocytes exposed to high levels of glucose and AT led to a significant reduction in ROS (P < 0.01), which was abolished in the presence of the SIRT1 inhibitor together with increased protein expression of SIRT1 and PGC-1α. CONCLUSION: PARP1 inhibitor INO1001 attenuated cardiomyopathic features in diabetic mice through the activation of SIRT1 and its downstream antioxidant defence mechanisms. The results of this study suggest a pivotal role of PARP-1 inhibition in treating diabetic and AT-induced cardiomyopathy.

11.
PLoS One ; 13(10): e0205719, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30332462

RESUMO

AIMS: Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), a myocardial disorder that can result in progressive heart failure and arrhythmias, is defined by ventricular chamber enlargement and dilatation, and systolic dysfunction. Despite extensive research, the pathological mechanisms of DCM are unclear mainly due to numerous mutations in different gene families resulting in the same outcome-decreased ventricular function. Titin (TTN)-a giant protein, expressed in cardiac and skeletal muscles, is an important part of the sarcomere, and thus TTN mutations are the most common cause of adult DCM. To decipher the basis for the cardiac pathology in titin-mutated patients, we investigated the hypothesis that induced Pluripotent Stem Cell (iPSC)-derived cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CM) generated from patients, recapitulate the disease phenotype. The hypothesis was tested by 3 Aims: (1) Investigate key features of the excitation-contraction-coupling machinery; (2) Investigate the responsiveness to positive inotropic interventions; (3) Investigate the proteome profile of the AuP cardiomyocytes using mass-spectrometry (MS). METHODS AND RESULTS: iPSC were generated from the patients' skin fibroblasts. The major findings were: (1) Sarcomeric organization analysis in mutated iPSC-CM showed defects in assembly and maintenance of sarcomeric structure. (2) Mutated iPSC-CM exhibited diminished inotropic and lusitropic responses to ß-adrenergic stimulation with isoproterenol, increased [Ca2+]out and angiotensin-II. Additionally, mutated iPSC-CM displayed prolonged recovery in response to caffeine. These findings may result from defective or lack of interactions of the sarcomeric components with titin through its kinase domain which is absent in the mutated cells. CONCLUSIONS: These findings show that the mutated cardiomyocytes from DCM patients recapitulate abnormalities of the inherited cardiomyopathies, expressed as blunted inotropic response.

12.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 20(8): 486-490, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30084573

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac damage caused by oncological therapy may manifest early or many years after the exposure. OBJECTIVES: To determine the differences between sub-acute and late-onset cardiotoxicity in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) recovery as well as long-term prognosis. METHODS: We studied 91 patients diagnosed with impaired systolic function and previous exposure to oncological therapy. The study population was divided according to sub-acute (from 2 weeks to ≤ 1 year) and late-onset (> 1 year) presentation cardiotoxicity. Recovery of LVEF of at least 50% was defined as the primary end point and total mortality was the secondary end point. RESULTS: Fifty-three (58%) patients were classified as sub-acute, while 38 (42%) were defined as late-onset cardiotoxicity. Baseline clinical characteristics were similar in the two groups. The mean LVEF at presentation was significantly lower among patients in the late-onset vs. sub-acute group (28% vs. 37%, respectively, P < 0.001). Independent predictors of LVEF recovery were trastuzumab therapy and a higher baseline LVEF. Although long-term mortality rates were similar in the groups with sub-acute and late-onset cardiotoxicity, improvement of LVEF was independently associated with reduced mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that early detection and treatment of oncological cardiotoxicity play an important role in LVEF recovery and long-term prognosis.

13.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 17(1): 115, 2018 08 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30119667

RESUMO

Unfortunately, after publication of this article [1], it was noticed that Table 1 contained errors introduced during the production process. In the WT + AT column, the FS value is 21 ± 7 and the Body Weight value is 25 ± 2. In the WT + AT + CR column, the FS value is 46 ± 14 and the Body Weight value is 19 ± 1. The original article has been updated to reflect this.

14.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 17(1): 111, 2018 08 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30071860

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metabolic disorders such as obesity, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) are all linked to diabetic cardiomyopathy that lead to heart failure. Cardiomyopathy is initially characterized by cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, followed by mitochondrial dysfunction and fibrosis, both of which are aggravated by angiotensin. Caloric restriction (CR) is cardioprotective in animal models of heart disease through its catabolic activity and activation of the expression of adaptive genes. We hypothesized that in the diabetic heart; this effect involves antioxidant defenses and is mediated by SIRT1 and the transcriptional coactivator PGC-1α (Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator). METHODS: Obese Leptin resistant (db/db) mice characterized by DM2 were treated with angiotensin II (AT) for 4 weeks to enhance the development of cardiomyopathy. Mice were concomitantly either on a CR diet or fed ad libitum. Cardiomyocytes were exposed to high levels of glucose and were treated with EX-527 (SIRT1 inhibitor). Cardiac structure and function, gene and protein expression and oxidative stress parameters were analyzed. RESULTS: AT treated db/db mice developed cardiomyopathy manifested by elevated levels of serum glucose, cholesterol and cardiac hypertrophy. Leukocyte infiltration, fibrosis and an increase in an inflammatory marker (TNFα) and natriuretic peptides (ANP, BNP) gene expression were also observed. Oxidative stress was manifested by low SOD and PGC-1α levels and an increase in ROS and MDA. DM2 resulted in ERK1/2 activation. CR attenuated all these deleterious perturbations and prevented the development of cardiomyopathy. ERK1/2 phosphorylation was reduced in CR mice (p = 0.008). Concomitantly CR prevented the reduction in SIRT activity and PGC-1α (p < 0.04). Inhibition of SIRT1 activity in cardiomyocytes led to a marked reduction in both SIRT1 and PGC-1α. ROS levels were significantly (p < 0.03) increased by glucose and SIRT1 inhibition. CONCLUSION: In the current study we present evidence of the cardioprotective effects of CR operating through SIRT1 and PGC-1 α, thereby decreasing oxidative stress, fibrosis and inflammation. Our results suggest that increasing SIRT1 and PGC-1α levels offer new therapeutic approaches for the protection of the diabetic heart.

15.
Mol Genet Metab ; 124(3): 189-203, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30017653

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fabry disease, an inherited lysosomal storage disorder, causes multi-organ pathology resulting in substantial morbidity and a reduced life expectancy. Although Fabry disease is an X-linked disorder, both genders may be affected, but generally to a lesser extent in females. The disease spectrum ranges from classic early-onset disease to non-classic later-onset phenotypes, with complications occurring in multiple organs or being confined to a single organ system depending on the stage of the disease. The impact of therapy depends upon patient- and disease-specific factors and timing of initiation. METHODS: A European panel of experts collaborated to develop a set of organ-specific therapeutic goals for Fabry disease, based on evidence identified in a recent systematic literature review and consensus opinion. RESULTS: A series of organ-specific treatment goals were developed. For each organ system, optimal treatment strategies accounted for inter-patient differences in disease severity, natural history, and treatment responses as well as the negative burden of therapy and the importance of multidisciplinary care. The consensus therapeutic goals and proposed patient management algorithm take into account the need for early disease-specific therapy to delay or slow the progression of disease as well as non-specific adjunctive therapies that prevent or treat the effects of organ damage on quality of life and long-term prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: These consensus recommendations help advance Fabry disease management by considering the balance between anticipated clinical benefits and potential therapy-related challenges in order to facilitate individualized treatment, optimize patient care and improve quality of life.

16.
Stem Cell Res ; 29: 111-114, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29653394

RESUMO

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked progressive muscle degenerative disease caused by mutations in the dystrophin gene. We generated induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from a 13-year-old male patient carrying a deletion mutation of exons 45-50; iPSCs were subsequently differentiated into cardiomyocytes. iPSCs exhibit expression of the pluripotent markers (SOX2, NANOG, OCT4), differentiation capacity into the three germ layers, normal karyotype, genetic identity to the skin biopsy dermal fibroblasts and the patient-specific dystrophin mutation.

17.
Heart Rhythm ; 15(2): 267-276, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28917552

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mutations in the PRKAG2 gene encoding the γ-subunit of adenosine monophosphate kinase (AMPK) cause hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and familial Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. Patients carrying the R302Q mutation in PRKAG2 present with sinus bradycardia, escape rhythms, ventricular preexcitation, supraventricular tachycardia, and atrioventricular block. This mutation affects AMPK activity and increases glycogen storage in cardiomyocytes. The link between glycogen storage, WPW syndrome, HCM, and arrhythmias remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the pathological changes caused by the PRKAG2 mutation. We tested the hypothesis that patient's induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CMs) display clinical aspects of the disease. METHODS: Using clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) technology, we corrected the mutation and then generated isogenic iPSC-CMs. Action potentials were recorded from spontaneously firing and paced cardiomyocytes using the patch clamp technique. Using a microelectrode array setup, we recorded electrograms from iPSC-CMs clusters. Transmission electron microscopy was used to detect ultrastructural abnormalities in the mutated iPSC-CMs. RESULTS: PRKAG2-mutated iPSC-CMs exhibited abnormal firing patterns, delayed afterdepolarizations, triggered arrhythmias, and augmented beat rate variability. Importantly, CRISPR correction eliminated the electrophysiological abnormalities, the augmented glycogen, storage, and cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. CONCLUSION: PRKAG2-mutated iPSC-CMs displayed functional and structural abnormalities, which were abolished by correcting the mutation in the patient's iPSCs using CRISPR technology.


Assuntos
Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/genética , DNA/genética , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/ultraestrutura , Mutação , Miócitos Cardíacos/ultraestrutura , Síndrome de Wolff-Parkinson-White/genética , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Eletrofisiologia Cardíaca , Repetições Palindrômicas Curtas Agrupadas e Regularmente Espaçadas , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Fenômenos Eletrofisiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Síndrome de Wolff-Parkinson-White/metabolismo , Síndrome de Wolff-Parkinson-White/patologia
18.
Int J Cardiol ; 252: 122-127, 2018 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29174016

RESUMO

AIMS: To determine the prevalence and mechanisms of de novo severe MR due to mitral valve structural abnormalities causing clinical deterioration in patients with HCM. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is an observational study based on HCM registry comprising consecutive HCM patients (n=397) who have been evaluated and followed in the Cardiomyopathy Clinic of Sheba Medical Center. Sixteen patients (4.0%), 8 males, mean age 65±14 years, developed acute clinical deterioration due to development of severe mitral regurgitation unrelated to mitral valve systolic anterior motion. Compared to the remaining HCM population, those patients were older at their initial diagnosis (51±20 vs. 38±18 years) and more often females. Most frequently (in 10 patients, 63%) mitral regurgitation resulted from a flail posterior leaflet, while 4 patients had severe prolapse and 2 had isolated mitral annular/leaflet calcifications. Fourteen underwent surgery; myxomatous changes were found in all excised valves (n=9). On age-adjusted univariate analysis, 3 clinical parameters remained significantly associated with the development of de novo MR, female gender, LVOT obstruction and significant MR at baseline. On multivariable analysis, only LVOT obstruction (HR=3.8) and MR at baseline evaluation (HR=8.2) predicted development of severe MR. CONCLUSIONS: De novo severe MR leading to acute heart failure was repeatedly observed in our HCM series. This etiology needs to be considered as a cause of acute clinical deterioration in these patients.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/complicações , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/complicações , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Clin Transplant ; 31(12)2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28990263

RESUMO

AIM: Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality after heart transplantation (HT). Enhanced platelet reactivity is a contributing factor. We aimed to investigate the association between early initiation of aspirin therapy post-HT and the 15-year risk of the development of CAV. METHODS: We studied 206 patients who underwent HT between 1991 and 2016. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression modeling was employed to evaluate the association between early aspirin initiation and the long-term risk of CAV. RESULTS: Ninety-seven patients (47%) received aspirin therapy. At 15 years of follow-up, the rate of CAV was lowered by sixfold in patients treated with aspirin compared with the non-treated patients: 7% vs 37% (log-rank P-value<.001). The corresponding rates of the combined end-point of CAV or death were also lower in patients treated with aspirin, compared with the non-treated patients: 42% vs 78% (log-rank P < .001). Consistently, multivariate analysis showed that early aspirin therapy was associated with a significant 84% (P < .001) reduction in CAV risk, and with a corresponding 68% (P < .0001) reduction in the risk of the combined end-point of CAV or death. We further validated these results using a propensity score-adjusted Cox model. CONCLUSIONS: Early aspirin initiation is independently associated with a significant reduction in the risk of CAV.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Rejeição de Enxerto/prevenção & controle , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/efeitos dos fármacos , Transplante de Coração/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Doenças Vasculares/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Rejeição de Enxerto/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Doenças Vasculares/etiologia
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