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1.
Arch Microbiol ; 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33284382

RESUMO

Strain CECT 9734 T, a Gram-negative, aerobic, chemoorganotrophic bacterium, motile by polar flagella, was isolated from cultured European seabass, Dicenthrarchus labrax, in Spain. It grows from 5 to 42 ºC, 6-9 pH and 1-12% total salinity. Major cellular fatty acids are C15:0 iso, summed feature 9 (C17:1 iso w9c/C16:0 10-methyl) and C17:0 iso. The genome size is 2.5 Mbp and G + C content is 49.5 mol%. Comparative analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence shows that the strain is a member of Pseudidiomarina, with highest similarities with Pseudidiomarina halophila (97.0%) and Pseudidiomarina salinarum (96.9%). Phylogenomic tree based on UBCG program shows P. halophila as its closest relative. ANI and in-silico DDH with other Pseudidiomarina spp. are lower than 87 and 20%, respectively, suggesting that strain CECT 9734 T represents a new species, for which we propose the name Pseudidiomarina piscicola sp. nov. and CECT 9734 T (= LUBLD50 7aT = LMG 31044 T) as type strain.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33300858

RESUMO

The Editorial Board of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes here explains the proposed procedure towards the production of the next revision of the Prokaryotic Code, to include public discussion of a draft version, to be prepared by the editors, followed by balloting of the members of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes.

3.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33119759

RESUMO

Taxonomic and functional research of microorganisms has increasingly relied upon genome-based data and methods. As the depository of the Global Catalogue of Microorganisms (GCM) 10K prokaryotic type strain sequencing project, Global Catalogue of Type Strain (gcType) has published 1049 type strain genomes sequenced by the GCM 10K project which are preserved in global culture collections with a valid published status. Additionally, the information provided through gcType includes >12 000 publicly available type strain genome sequences from GenBank incorporated using quality control criteria and standard data annotation pipelines to form a high-quality reference database. This database integrates type strain sequences with their phenotypic information to facilitate phenotypic and genotypic analyses. Multiple formats of cross-genome searches and interactive interfaces have allowed extensive exploration of the database's resources. In this study, we describe web-based data analysis pipelines for genomic analyses and genome-based taxonomy, which could serve as a one-stop platform for the identification of prokaryotic species. The number of type strain genomes that are published will continue to increase as the GCM 10K project increases its collaboration with culture collections worldwide. Data of this project is shared with the International Nucleotide Sequence Database Collaboration. Access to gcType is free at http://gctype.wdcm.org/.

4.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(9): 5177-5181, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32812861

RESUMO

The International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes has formally made final decisions, taking into account the conclusions of the Judicial Commission, on three pending Requests for an Opinion, thereby allowing the corresponding Opinions to be issued. According to Opinion 100, the request for the recognition of strain A1-86 (=DSM 17629=NCIMB 14373) as the neotype strain of Eubacterium rectale (Hauduroy et al. 1937) Prévot 1938 (Approved Lists 1980) is denied, ruling that a neotype does not need to be designated for E. rectale because strain VPI 0990 (=ATCC 33656=CIP 105953) is considered to be a duplicate isolate of the same strain as VPI 0989 (=ATCC 25578) and may serve as its nomenclatural type. Opinion 101 approves the request that strain ATCC 25946 (=DSM 14877) serves as the type strain of Melittangium lichenicola instead of strain ATCC 25944, formally correcting the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Opinion 102 concludes that strain Cc m8 (=DSM 14697=CIP 109128=JCM 12621) is an established neotype strain for the species Myxococcus macrosporus, replacing the designated type strain Windsor M271, and that strain Mx s8 (=DSM 14675=JCM 12634) is an established neotype strain for the species Myxococcus stipitatus, replacing the designated type strain Windsor M78, with some additional considerations about the nature of the type material replaced and about the name Corallococcus (Myxococcus) macrosporus.


Assuntos
Eubacterium/classificação , Myxococcales/classificação , Myxococcus/classificação , Filogenia
5.
Curr Microbiol ; 77(9): 2031-2041, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32594222

RESUMO

Strain SB0023/3 T, isolated from spores of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus iranicum var. tenuihypharum, was analysed to determine whether it represents a new species. It was studied for its applicability in the field of agriculture to reduce the input of nitrogen fertilizers. Comparative analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence shows the strain to be affiliated to the genus Methylobacterium, the closest similarities (98.7%) being shared with Methylobacterium dankookense. Further phylogenomic analysis through Up-to-date Bacterial Core Gene (UBCG) confirmed Methylobacterium dankookense as its closest relative. Average Nucleotide Identity (ANI) and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (DDH) were lower than 92% and 44%, respectively, of the values shown by its phylogenetic relatives. Its genome had an approximate length of 6.05 Mb and the G + C content of the genome was 70.1 mol%. The main cellular fatty acid was Summed Feature 8 (C18:1ω7c and/or C18:1ω6c). It is a Gram-staining-negative, pink-pigmented, strictly aerobic and facultative methylotroph; it grows at 28 ºC and can grow at up to 3% salinity in the presence of sodium chloride. All the data collected support the naming of a novel species to accommodate the strain SB0023/3 T, for which the name Methylobacterium symbioticum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SB0023/3 T (=CECT 9862 T =PYCC 8351 T).

6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4329-4338, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32589567

RESUMO

Strain ISS653T, isolated from Atlantic seawater, is a yellow pigmented, non-motile, Gram-reaction-negative rod-shaped bacterium, strictly aerobic and chemoorganotrophic, slightly halophilic (1-15 % NaCl) and mesophilic (4-37 °C), oxidase- and catalase-positive and proteolytic. Its major cellular fatty acids are iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 2-OH, and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH; the major identified phospholipid is phosphatidylethanolamine and the major respiratory quinone is MK6. Genome size is 4.28 Mbp and DNA G+C content is 34.9 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity places the strain among members of the family Flavobacteriaceae, with the type strains of Mesonia phycicola (93.2 %), Salegentibacter mishustinae (93.1 %) and Mesonia mobilis (92.9 %) as closest relatives. Average amino acid identity (AAI) and average nucleotide identity (ANI) indices show highest values with M. mobilis (81 % AAI; 78.9 % ANI), M. phycicola (76 % AAI; 76.3 % ANI), Mesonia maritima (72 % AAI, 74.9 % ANI), Mesonia hippocampi (64 % AAI, 70.8 % ANI) and Mesonia algae (68 % AAI; 72.2 % ANI). Phylogenomic analysis using the Up-to-date-Bacterial Core Gene set (UBCG) merges strain ISS653T in a clade with species of the genus Mesonia. We conclude that strain ISS653T represents a novel species of the genus Mesonia for which we propose the name Mesonia oceanica sp. nov., and strain ISS653T (=CECT 9532T=LMG 31236T) as the type strain. A second strain of the species, ISS1889 (=CECT 30008) was isolated from Pacific Ocean seawater. Data obtained throughout the Tara oceans expedition indicate that the species is more abundant in the mesopelagic dark ocean than in the photic layer and it is more frequent in the South Pacific, Indian and North Atlantic oceans.


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Oceano Atlântico , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Oceano Pacífico , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados
7.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(2): 1439-1440, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31913114

RESUMO

The International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes has formally endorsed the conclusions of the Judicial Commission on three pending Requests for an Opinion, thereby allowing the corresponding Opinions to be issued. According to Opinion 97, the request for the conservation of the name Streptomyces scabies is denied, allowing the continued use of the correction Streptomyces scabiei. Opinions 98 and 99 conclude that in the absence of associated authentic type material, the names Bacillus aeolius and Pectinatus portalensis, respectively, are not validly published.

8.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1698-1705, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31971502

RESUMO

A comparative taxonomic study of Halorubrum distributum, Halorubrum terrestre, Halorubrum arcis and Halorubrum litoreum was carried out using different approaches, 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA), phylogenomic analysis based on the comparison of the core genome, orthologous average nucleotide identity (OrthoANI), Genome-to-Genome Distance Calculator (GGDC), synteny plots and polar lipid profile (PLP). The MLSA study, using the five concatenated housekeeping genes atpB, EF-2, glnA, ppsA and rpoB', and the phylogenomic analysis based on 1347 core translated gene sequences obtained from their genomes showed that Halorubrum distributum JCM 9100T, Halorubrum terrestre JCM 10247T, Halorubrum arcis JCM 13916T and Halorubrum litoreum JCM 13561T formed a robust cluster, clearly separated from the rest of species of the genus Halorubrum. The OrthoANI and digital DDH values, calculated by the GGDC, showed percentages among Hrr. distributum JCM 9100T, Hrr. terrestre JCM 10247T, Hrr. arcis JCM 13916T and Hrr. litoreum JCM 13561T that ranged from 98.1 to 97.5 %, and 84.0 to 78.0 %, respectively, while these values among those strains and the type strains of their most related species of Halorubrum were equal or lower than 90.8 and 41.2 %, respectively. Moreover, degree of synteny across the four genomes was very high, especially between the genomes of Halorubrum litoreum JCM 13561T and Halorubrum arcis JCM 13916T. In addition, the PLP is quite similar among the four strains studied, showing a common pattern typical of the neutrophilic species of the genus Halorubrum. Overall, these data show that Hrr. distributum, Hrr. terrestre, Hrr. arcis and Hrr. litoreum constitute a single species. Thus, the latter three should be considered as later, heterotypic synonyms of Hrr. distributum based on the rules for priority of names. We propose an emended description of Hrr. distributum, including the features of Hrr. terrestre, Hrr. arcis and Hrr. litoreum.


Assuntos
Halorubrum/classificação , Filogenia , DNA Arqueal/genética , Genes Arqueais , Lipídeos/química , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(2): 1231-1239, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793854

RESUMO

Strain ISS155T, isolated from surface Mediterranean seawater, has cells that are Gram-reaction-negative, motile, strictly aerobic chemoorganotrophic, oxidase-positive, unable to reduce nitrate to nitrite, and able to grow with cellulose as the sole carbon and energy source. It is mesophilic, neutrophilic, slightly halophilic and has a requirement for sodium and magnesium ions. Its 16S rRNA gene sequence places the strain among members of Cellvibrionaceae, in the Gammaproteobacteria, with Agarilytica rhodophyticola 017T as closest relative (94.3 % similarity). Its major cellular fatty acids are C18 : 1, C16 : 0 and C16 : 1; major phospholipids are phosphatidyl glycerol, phosphatidyl ethanolamine and an unidentified lipid, and the major respiratory quinone is Q8. The genome size is 6.09 Mbp and G+C content is 45.2 mol%. A phylogenomic analysis using UBCG merges strain ISS155T in a clade with A. rhodophyticola, Teredinibacter turnerae, Saccharophagus degradans and Agaribacterium haliotis type strain genomes, all of them possessing a varied array of carbohydrate-active enzymes and the potential for polysaccharide degradation. Average amino acid identity indexes determined against available Cellvibrionaceae type strain genomes show that strain ISS155T is related to them by values lower than 60 %, with a maximum of 58 % to A. rhodophyticola 017T and 57 % to T. turnerae T7902T and S. degradans 2-40T. These results, together with the low 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities and differences in phenotypic profiles, indicate that strain ISS155T represents a new genus and species in Cellvibrionaceae, for which we propose the name Thalassocella blandensis gen. nov., sp. nov., and strain ISS155T (=CECT 9533T=LMG 31237T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Phyllobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Mar Mediterrâneo , Fosfolipídeos/química , Phyllobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
10.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 2232, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31611862

RESUMO

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are indigenous microorganisms that have been involved in food fermentations throughout history to preserve food and also to give special characteristics to them. The traditional fermented foods that are still being elaborated in indigenous populations around the world are a potential source of LAB with important biotechnological properties and/or beneficial to health. In a previous work, LAB biodiversity associated with chicha, a traditional maize-based fermented beverage from Northwestern Argentina, was studied, both by culture dependent and independent methods. From that study, 392 isolates were recovered, mostly members of Lactobacillus and Leuconostoc. Biotechnological characterization of representative isolates led to the selection of five strains belonging to the species Lactobacillus plantarum for their ability to produce vitamin B2 (riboflavin) and vitamin B9 (folates), their antimicrobial properties and antibiotics susceptibility. In this work, we present the Whole Genome Sequences (WGS) of these five strains that have been deposited in the Spanish Type Culture Collection: M5MA1 (= CECT 8962), M9MM1 (= CECT 8963), M9MM4 (= CECT 8964), M9MG6 (= CECT 8965), and M9Y2 (= CECT 8966), and a detailed description of their characterization, through a genomic approach, analyzing the genes responsible for these biotechnological properties, making a comparative study of the five genomes and reporting the aspects related to food safety, in accordance with the recommendations of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA FEEDAP Panel, 2018) aiming at their use in the design of functional foods. The analysis unveiled, for the five strains, the complete set of genes for folate and riboflavin biosynthesis, the absence of pathogenic factors, the presence of CRISPR and cas genes, phage sequences, insertion elements and an aminoglycosides resistance gene, aadA, whose resistance could not be proved phenotypically in any strain. Genomic comparisons showed that strain CECT 8962 was significantly different in terms of genetic content and allowed the identification of carbohydrates metabolism and membrane transport related genes as the main components of the unique and accessory genome.

11.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(11): 3405-3413, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373895

RESUMO

Strain CECT 7735T, a marine Gram-reaction negative, aerobic, non-motile bacterium, was isolated from coastal seawater in Valencia, Spain. Strain CECT 7735T is chemoorganotrophic, mesophilic, slightly halophilic, grows at 15-28 °C but not at 4 or 37 °C, requires seawater for growth and grows up to 6 % salinity. The major cellular fatty acid is summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c). The G+C content of the genome is 55.7 mol%. Comparative analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence shows the strain is affiliated to the family Rhodobacteraceae, in the class Alphaproteobacteria, with highest similarities to Phaeobacter species (97.0-97.5 %), Shimia species (96.5-97.3 %) and Pseudopelagicola gijangensis (96.5 %). Further phylogenomic analysis through the up-to-date-bacterial core gene (UBCG) set showed P. gijangensis to be its closest relative. Average nucleotide identity and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization values are lower than 85 and 21 %, respectively, with its phylogenetic relatives, suggesting that strain CECT 7735T represents a new species. The average amino acid identity value was over 70 % with the genome of the type strain of P. gijangensis and with all those of Shimia species. These values, together with UBCG set trees, suggest that the new species and P. gijangensisbelong to the same genus and that Pseudopelagicola should be reclassified as a Shimia species. We conclude that strain CECT 7735T represents a new species in the genus Shimia, for which we propose the name Shimiathalassica sp. nov. In addition, Pseudopelagicola gijangensis is reclassified as Shimiagijangensis comb. nov. From the same phylogenomic study, it can be concluded that Thalassobius activus should be reclassified in the genus Cognatishimia as Cognatishimiaactiva comb. nov.


Assuntos
Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Espanha
12.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 68(8): 2650-2652, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29932394

RESUMO

The genomes of the type strains of Roseivivax atlanticusand Roseivivax marinus(Rhodobacteraceae, Alphaproteobacteria), were analysed to determine their respective Average Nucleotide Identity (ANI) and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (DDH) values. These species were proposed and effectively published relatively closely in time (February and August 2014, respectively) and so not taking account of the other. The intergenomic relatedness between both type strains, 97.0-97.4 % ANI and 82.8 % in silico DDH, confirm that they represent members of the same genomic species. This conclusion is also supported at the phenotypic level. Since the nameRoseovarius marinuswas validly published earlier, R. atlanticus (Validation List 161, IJSEM 65, 1-4. 2015) should be considered a later heterotypic synonym of R. marinus(Dai, Shi, Gao, Liu and Zhang, 2014), in application of the priority rule.


Assuntos
Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Análise de Sequência de DNA
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 68(8): 2515-2522, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29944092

RESUMO

Strain CECT 5091T, an aerobic, marine, Gram-reaction- and Gram-stain-negative, chemoheterotrophic bacterium was isolated from oysters harvested off the Spanish Mediterranean coast. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence placed the strain within the genus Ruegeria, in the family Rhodobacteraceae, with 16S rRNA gene similarities of 98.7, 98.7 and 98.4 % to Ruegeria conchae, Ruegeria atlanticaand Ruegeria arenilitoris, respectively. Average nucleotide identities (ANI) and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (DDH) were determined, comparing the genome sequence of CECT 5091T with those of the type strains of 12 species of the genus Ruegeria: the values obtained were always below the thresholds (95-96 % ANI, 70 % in silico DDH) used to define genomic species, proving that CECT 5091T represents a novel species of the genus Ruegeria. The strain was slightly halophilic and mesophilic, with optimum growth at 26 °C, pH 7.0 and 3 % salinity, it required sodium and magnesium ions for growth and was able to reduce nitrate to dinitrogen. Carbon sources for growth include some carbohydrates (d-ribose, d-glucose, l-rhamnose, N-acetyl-d-glucosamine) and multiple organic acids and amino acids. The major cellular fatty acid was summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c), representing 70 % of the total fatty acids. Carbon monoxide oxidation, cyanophycin synthetic ability and phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylcholine production are predicted from genome annotation, while bacteriochlorophyll a production was absent. The DNA G+C content of the genome was 56.7 mol%. We propose the name Ruegeriadenitrificans sp. nov. and strain CECT 5091T (=5OM10T=LMG 29896T) as the type strain for the novel species.


Assuntos
Ostreidae/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Animais , Proteínas de Bactérias/biossíntese , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Mar Mediterrâneo , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Espanha
14.
Syst Appl Microbiol ; 41(5): 444-451, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29804705

RESUMO

Three strains, H01100409BT, H01100413B, and H27100402HT, were isolated from several internal organs of diseased redbanded seabream (Pagrus auriga) reared in Andalusia (Southern Spain). All strains were studied by phenotypic, including chemotaxonomy, and genomic characteristics. Phylogenetic analysis based on concatenated sequences of six housekeeping genes (gyrB, ftsZ, topA, mreB, gapA, and 16S rRNA) supported the inclusion of the strains within the clade Phosphoreum of the genus Photobacterium, and two of the strains (H27100402HT and H01100409BT) formed a tight group separated from the closest species P. aquimaris. Genomic analyses, including average nucleotide identity (ANIb and ANIm) and DNA-DNA hybridization (DDH), clearly separated strains H27100402HT and H01100409BT from the other species within the clade Phosphoreum with values below the thresholds for species delineation. The chemotaxonomic features (including FAME analysis and MALDI-TOF-MS) of H27100402HT and H01100409BT strains confirmed their differentiation from the related taxa. The results demonstrated that strain H01100413B was classified as P. aquimaris and the strains H27100402HT and H01100409BT represented a new species each in the genus Photobacterium, for which we propose the names Photobacterium malacitanum sp. nov., type strain H27100402HT (=CECT 9190T=LMG 29992T), and Photobacterium andalusiense sp. nov., type strain H01100409BT (=CECT 9192T=LMG 29994T).


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes/microbiologia , Photobacterium/classificação , Photobacterium/fisiologia , Filogenia , Animais , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Doenças dos Peixes/epidemiologia , Pesqueiros , Genes Bacterianos/genética , Genoma Bacteriano/genética , Fenótipo , Photobacterium/química , Photobacterium/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA/veterinária , Espanha/epidemiologia , Especificidade da Espécie , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 67(9): 3506-3512, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28857026

RESUMO

Two bacterial strains, EAod9T and SMJ21T, isolated from salt-marsh plants, were determined to be related to species of the genus Vibriofrom from 16S rRNA sequence comparisons. Their closest phylogenetic relatives are members of the Gazogenes clade, Vibrio mangrovi and Vibrio rhizosphaerae , which show the greatest similarity to the SMJ21TrRNA sequence (97.3 and 97.1 %, respectively), while EAod9T had less than 97.0 % similarity to any other species of the genus Vibrio. Both strains share the basic characteristics of the genus Vibrio, as they are Gram-stain negative, motile, slightly halophilic, facultatively anaerobic bacteria. In addition, they are oxidase-negative and unable to grow on TCBS Agar; they grow between 15 to 26 °C, pH 6 to 8 and in up to 10 % (w/v) total salinity. They produce indol, are positive in the Voges-Proskauer test and are negative for arginine dihydrolase, lysine and ornithine decarboxylases. Strain SMJ21T is aerogenic and red-pigmented, due to prodigiosin production, while strain EAod9T ferments glucose without gas and is not pigmented. The major cellular fatty acids of both novel strains were C16 : 1ω7c/C16 : 1ω6c and C16 : 0. WGSobtained for both strains, along with the other five members of the clade, allowed the determination of ANI indexes and in silico estimations of DDH values, which confirmed that the two strains represent two novel species of the genus Vibrio: Vibriopalustris sp. nov. (with EAod9T=CECT 9027T=LMG 29724T as the proposed type strain) and Vibrio spartinae sp. nov. (with SMJ21T=CECT 9026T=LMG 29723T as the proposed type strain).


Assuntos
Amaranthaceae/microbiologia , Filogenia , Poaceae/microbiologia , Vibrio/classificação , Áreas Alagadas , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Plantas Tolerantes a Sal/microbiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Espanha , Vibrio/genética , Vibrio/isolamento & purificação
17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 67(11): 4518-4525, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28933324

RESUMO

Three bacterial strains were isolated from liver and spleen of diseased farmed redbanded seabream (Pagrus auriga) in south-west Spain. Their partial 16S rRNA gene sequences clustered within those of the genus Photobacterium, showing high similarity (98.6-99.3 %) to the type strains of Photobacterium iliopiscarium, P. piscicola, P. kishitanii, P. aquimaris and P. phosphoreum. Multilocus sequence analysis using six housekeeping genes (gapA, topA, mreB, ftsZ, gyrB and 16S rRNA) confirmed the new strains as forming an independent branch with a bootstrap value of 100, likely to represent a novel species. To confirm this, we used whole genome sequencing and genomic analysis (ANIb, ANIm and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization) obtaining values well below the thresholds for species delineation. In addition, a phenotypic characterization was performed to support the description and differentiation of the novel strains from related taxa. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, motile bacilli, chemo-organotrophic and facultatively anaerobic. They fermented glucose, as well as galactose and d-mannose, without production of gas. Oxidase and catalase were positive. The predominant cellular fatty acids were C16 : 1ω7c/C16 : 1ω6c and C16  :  0. The predominant respiratory quinone (Q-8) and major polar lipids (phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and diphosphatidylglycerol) were inferred from annotated genes in the genome of strain H01100410BT, which had a G+C content of 38.6 mol%. The results obtained demonstrate that the three strains represent a novel species, for which the name Photobacterium toruni sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is H01100410BT (=CECT 9189T=LMG 29991T).


Assuntos
Photobacterium/classificação , Filogenia , Dourada/microbiologia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Genes Bacterianos , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Photobacterium/genética , Photobacterium/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Espanha , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
18.
Int Microbiol ; 20(1): 1-10, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28581017

RESUMO

The genus Photobacterium, one of the eight genera included in the family Vibrionaceae, contains 27 species with valid names and it has received attention because of the bioluminescence and pathogenesis mechanisms that some of its species exhibit. However, the taxonomy and phylogeny of this genus are not completely elucidated; for example, P. logei and P. fischeri are now considered members of the genus Aliivibrio, and previously were included in the genus Vibrio. In addition, P. damselae subsp. piscicida was formed as a new combination for former Vibrio damsela and Pasteurella piscicida. Moreover, P. damselae subsp. damselae is an earlier heterotypic synonym of P. histaminum. To avoid these incovenences draft and complete genomic sequences of members of Photobacterium are increasingly becoming available and their use is now routine for many research laboratories to address diverse goals: species delineation with overall genomic indexes, phylogenetic analyses, comparative genomics, and phenotypic inference. The habitats and isolation source of the Photobacterium species include seawater, sea sediments, saline lake waters, and a variety of marine organisms with which the photobacteria establish different relationships, from symbiosis to pathogenic interactions. Several species of this genus contain bioluminescent strains in symbiosis with marine fish and cephalopods; in addition, other species enhance its growth at pressures above 1 atmosphere, by means of several high-pressure adaptation mechanisms and for this, they may be considered as piezophilic (former barophilic) bacteria. Until now, only P. jeanii, P. rosenbergii, P. sanctipauli, and the two subspecies of P. damselae have been reported as responsible agents of several pathologies on animal hosts, such as corals, sponges, fish and homeothermic animals. In this review we have revised and updated the taxonomy, ecology and pathogenicity of several members of this genus. [Int Microbiol 20(1): 1-10 (2017)].


Assuntos
Photobacterium/classificação , Photobacterium/fisiologia , Photobacterium/patogenicidade , Animais , Doenças dos Peixes , Peixes , Filogenia , Simbiose
19.
Int. microbiol ; 20(1): 1-10, mar. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-163951

RESUMO

The genus Photobacterium, one of the eight genera included in the family Vibrionaceae, contains 27 species with valid names and it has received attention because of the bioluminescence and pathogenesis mechanisms that some of its species exhibit. However, the taxonomy and phylogeny of this genus are not completely elucidated; for example, P. logei and P. fischeri are now considered members of the genus Aliivibrio, and previously were included in the genus Vibrio. In addition, P. damselae subsp. piscicida was formed as a new combination for former Vibrio damsela and Pasteurella piscicida. Moreover, P. damselae subsp. damselae is an earlier heterotypic synonym of P. histaminum. To avoid these incovenences draft and complete genomic sequences of members of Photobacterium are increasingly becoming available and their use is now routine for many research laboratories to address diverse goals: species delineation with overall genomic indexes, phylogenetic analyses, comparative genomics, and phenotypic inference. The habitats and isolation source of the Photobacterium species include seawater, sea sediments, saline lake waters, and a variety of marine organisms with which the photobacteria establish different relationships, from symbiosis to pathogenic interactions. Several species of this genus contain bioluminescent strains in symbiosis with marine fish and cephalopods; in addition, other species enhance its growth at pressures above 1 atmosphere, by means of several high-pressure adaptation mechanisms and for this, they may be considered as piezophilic (former barophilic) bacteria. Until now, only P. jeanii, P. rosenbergii, P. sanctipauli, and the two subspecies of P. damselae have been reported as responsible agents of several pathologies on animal hosts, such as corals, sponges, fish and homeothermic animals. In this review we have revised and updated the taxonomy, ecology and pathogenicity of several members of this genus (AU)


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Assuntos
Photobacterium/classificação , Proteínas Luminescentes/fisiologia , Photobacterium/patogenicidade , Simbiose/fisiologia , Ecossistema , Filogenia , Fundo Oceânico
20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 67(6): 1669-1671, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28150577

RESUMO

The synonymy between Vibrio hemicentrotiKim et al. 2013 and Vibrio splendidus(Beijerinck 1900) Baumann et al. 1981 was suggested after a recent multilocus sequence analysis of the Splendidus clade, which included the type strains of both species. To clarify their status, we have determined genomic indexes from whole genome sequences of strains V. hemicentroti CECT 8714T and V. splendidus NCCB 53037T. Average Nucleotide Identities of 96.0-96.7 % and an in silico DNA-DNA hybridization value of 70.2 %, as well as similarity levels of selected housekeeping gene sequences support the consideration of V.hemicentroti as a later heterotypic synonym of V. splendidus.


Assuntos
Filogenia , Vibrio/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vibrio/genética
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