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1.
J Burn Care Res ; 41(6): 1260-1266, 2020 11 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32511725

RESUMO

Certain parameters of complete blood count (CBC) such as red cell distribution width (RDW) and mean platelet volume, as well as neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and RDW-to-platelet ratio (RPR) have been associated with inflammatory status and outcome in diverse medical conditions. The aim of this study was to describe the evolution pattern of these parameters in adult burned patients. Adult burned patients admitted to the National Burn Center in Uruguay between May 2017 and February 2018 (discovery cohort) and between March 2018 and August 2019 (validation cohort) were included. Patients' characteristics and outcomes were recorded, as well as CBC parameters on days 1, 3, 5, and 7 after thermal injury. Eighty-eight patients were included in the discovery cohort. Total body surface area burned was 14 [7-23]% and mortality was 15%. Nonsurvivors presented higher RDW and mean platelet volume (P < .01). NLR decreased after admission in all patients (P < .01), but was higher in nonsurvivors (P < .01). Deceased patients also presented higher RPR on days 3, 5, and 7 (P < .001). On the contrary, PLR was reduced in nonsurvivors (P < .05). There was a significant correlation between NLR on admission and burn extension and severity. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that NLR, PLR, and RPR could identify patients with increased mortality. These findings were confirmed in the validation cohort (n = 95). Basic CBC parameters and derived indices could be useful as biomarkers to determine prognosis in adults with thermal injuries.


Assuntos
Contagem de Células Sanguíneas , Queimaduras/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Queimaduras/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Uruguai
2.
Rev Bras Ter Intensiva ; 32(1): 43-48, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32401983

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the independent risk factors associated with mortality in adult burn patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational study performed at the Centro Nacional de Queimados do Uruguai. All patients with skin burns admitted to the unit since its opening on July 1, 1995 through December 31, 2018 were included. The demographic data, burn profiles, length of stay, mechanical ventilation duration and hospital mortality were studied. A multivariate logistic regression was used to identify the risk factors for mortality. The standardized mortality ratio was calculated by dividing the number of observed deaths by the number of expected deaths (according to the Abbreviated Burn Severity Index). RESULTS: During the study period, 3,132 patients were included. The median total body surface area burned was 10% (3%-22%). The Abbreviated Burn Severity Index was 6 (4 - 7). Invasive mechanical ventilation was required in 60% of the patients for a median duration of 6 (3 - 16) days. The median length of stay in the unit was 17 (7 - 32) days. The global mortality was 19.9%. Crude mortality and standardized mortality ratio decreased from 1995 through 2018. The global standardized mortality ratio was 0.99. A need for mechanical ventilation (OR 8.80; 95%CI 5.68 - 13.62), older age (OR 1.07 per year; 95%CI 1.06 - 1.09), total body surface area burned (OR 1.05 per 1%; 95%CI 1.03 - 1.08) and extension of third-degree burns (OR 1.05 per 1%; 95%CI 1.03 - 1.07) were independent risk factors for mortality. CONCLUSION: The need for mechanical ventilation, older age and burn extension were independent risk factors for mortality in the burned adult Uruguayan population.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/mortalidade , Adulto , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Uruguai/epidemiologia
3.
In. Verga, Federico; Burghi, Gastón. Encares de paciente crítico. Montevideo, Oficina del Libro FEFMUR, 2020. p.269-281.
Monografia em Espanhol | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1342656
4.
In. Verga, Federico; Burghi, Gastón. Encares de paciente crítico. Montevideo, Oficina del Libro FEFMUR, 2020. p.473-487.
Monografia em Espanhol | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1342678
5.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 35(1): 14-19, mar. 2019. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-981356

RESUMO

Introducción: la mortalidad de los pacientes con injuria térmica ha descendido a nivel mundial. Este hecho se ha relacionado en parte con la creación de centros especializados en el tratamiento de esta patología. En nuestro medio no existen estudios recientes que evalúen la evolución de la mortalidad en este tipo de centros. Objetivo: describir las características de la población asistida y la evolución de la mortalidad en el Centro Nacional de Quemados. Material y método: estudio transversal, observacional, descriptivo. Se incluyeron todos los pacientes ingresados con diagnóstico de quemadura cutánea o de injuria inhalatoria desde la inauguración del centro en 1995 hasta el 31 de diciembre de 2017. Resultados: ingresaron en el período de estudio 3.050 pacientes quemados, 25% presentaron una superficie corporal quemada superior o igual a 20%. Existió un predominio de pacientes jóvenes (más de 60% menores de 50 años) y de sexo masculino (62%). El agente causal más frecuente fue el fuego directo (71%), seguido por líquidos calientes (9%) y electricidad (5%). El 43% de los pacientes requirió asistencia ventilatoria mecánica, y la estadía media en el centro fue de 17 días. La mortalidad global fue de 19,7%, similar a la esperada de acuerdo a scores de severidad específicos. La mortalidad de los pacientes más graves ha descendido desde la apertura del centro. Conclusiones: nuestro centro asiste predominantemente a pacientes jóvenes, con siniestros que involucran al fuego como el principal agente causal. La mortalidad es acorde a la esperada de acuerdo a los scores de severidad, destacándose un descenso continuo de la misma a lo largo de los años. (AU)


Introduction: burned patients mortality has decreased because of a better understanding of initial shock pathophysiology, early surgical interventions, antibiotic therapy optimization and appropriate nutritional support. Mortality reduction has also been related to the creation of specialized burn centers. There are no recent reports of burn injury patients in our country. Objective: to describe characteristics and evolution of patients assisted at the national burned center (Centro Nacional de Quemados, Uruguay). Methods: transversal, observational, descriptive study. All patients admitted in the center with diagnosis of skin burns or inhalation injury, from the center's opening in 1995 through December 31, 2017. Results: during the study period 3,050-burned patients were admitted, 25% of which had a total body surface area burnt of at least 20%. There was a predominance of male sex (62%) and young patients (more than 60% had less than 50 years old). The most frequent responsible agent was direct fire (71%), followed by hot liquids (9%) and electricity (5%). Mechanical ventilation was needed in 43% of the patients, and mean length of stay in the center was 17 days. Overall mortality rate was 19.7%, accordingly to that predicted by specific severity scores. In the sub-group of more severe patients, mortality has progressively decreased since the center opening. Conclusions: our center assists young patients with burn injuries mostly caused by direct fire. Overall mortality is in line with the expected according to severity scores, having decreased progressively since the center inauguration.


Introduction: burned patients mortality has decreased because of a better understanding of initial shock pathophysiology, early surgical interventions, antibiotic therapy optimization and appropriate nutritional support. Mortality reduction has also been related to the creation of specialized burn centers. There are no recent reports of burn injury patients in our country. Objective: to describe characteristics and evolution of patients assisted at the national burned center (Centro Nacional de Quemados, Uruguay). Methods: transversal, observational, descriptive study. All patients admitted in the center with diagnosis of skin burns or inhalation injury, from the center's opening in 1995 through December 31, 2017. Results: during the study period 3,050-burned patients were admitted, 25% of which had a total body surface area burnt of at least 20%. There was a predominance of male sex (62%) and young patients (more than 60% had less than 50 years old). The most frequent responsible agent was direct fire (71%), followed by hot liquids (9%) and electricity (5%). Mechanical ventilation was needed in 43% of the patients, and mean length of stay in the center was 17 days. Overall mortality rate was 19.7%, accordingly to that predicted by specific severity scores. In the sub-group of more severe patients, mortality has progressively decreased since the center opening. Conclusions: our center assists young patients with burn injuries mostly caused by direct fire. Overall mortality is in line with the expected according to severity scores, having decreased progressively since the center inauguration.


Assuntos
Unidades de Queimados , Queimaduras/mortalidade
6.
Rev Bras Ter Intensiva ; 29(3): 364-372, 2017.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29044305

RESUMO

Dysglycemia in critically ill patients (hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, glycemic variability and time in range) is a biomarker of disease severity and is associated with higher mortality. However, this impact appears to be weakened in patients with previous diabetes mellitus, particularly in those with poor premorbid glycemic control; this phenomenon has been called "diabetes paradox". This phenomenon determines that glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) values should be considered in choosing glycemic control protocols on admission to an intensive care unit and that patients' target blood glucose ranges should be adjusted according to their HbA1c values. Therefore, HbA1c emerges as a simple tool that allows information that has therapeutic utility and prognostic value to be obtained in the intensive care unit.


RESUMEN La disglucemia en el paciente crítico (hiperglucemia, hipoglucemia, variabilidad de la glucemia y el tiempo en rango) es un marcador de severidad de la enfermedad crítica asociada a mayor mortalidad. Sin embargo, dicho impacto parece atenuarse en los pacientes con diabetes mellitus, en particular en aquellos con mal control glucémico premórbido lo cual ha sido denominado "paradoja de la diabetes". Este fenómeno determina que en los nuevos protocolos de control de la glucemia deban ser contemplados los valores de hemoglobina glucosilada (HbA1c) al ingreso a unidad de cuidados intensivos, siendo necesarios nuevos rangos de glucemia objetivos según los valores de la HbA1c. En tal sentido, la HbA1c surge como una herramienta sencilla que permite obtener información de utilidad terapéutica y valor pronóstico en la unidad de cuidados intensivos.


Assuntos
/análise , Hiperglicemia/epidemiologia , Hipoglicemia/epidemiologia , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Glicemia/metabolismo , Estado Terminal , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Prognóstico
7.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 29(3): 364-372, jul.-set. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-899523

RESUMO

RESUMEN La disglucemia en el paciente crítico (hiperglucemia, hipoglucemia, variabilidad de la glucemia y el tiempo en rango) es un marcador de severidad de la enfermedad crítica asociada a mayor mortalidad. Sin embargo, dicho impacto parece atenuarse en los pacientes con diabetes mellitus, en particular en aquellos con mal control glucémico premórbido lo cual ha sido denominado "paradoja de la diabetes". Este fenómeno determina que en los nuevos protocolos de control de la glucemia deban ser contemplados los valores de hemoglobina glucosilada (HbA1c) al ingreso a unidad de cuidados intensivos, siendo necesarios nuevos rangos de glucemia objetivos según los valores de la HbA1c. En tal sentido, la HbA1c surge como una herramienta sencilla que permite obtener información de utilidad terapéutica y valor pronóstico en la unidad de cuidados intensivos.


ABSTRACT Dysglycemia in critically ill patients (hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, glycemic variability and time in range) is a biomarker of disease severity and is associated with higher mortality. However, this impact appears to be weakened in patients with previous diabetes mellitus, particularly in those with poor premorbid glycemic control; this phenomenon has been called "diabetes paradox". This phenomenon determines that glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) values should be considered in choosing glycemic control protocols on admission to an intensive care unit and that patients' target blood glucose ranges should be adjusted according to their HbA1c values. Therefore, HbA1c emerges as a simple tool that allows information that has therapeutic utility and prognostic value to be obtained in the intensive care unit.


Assuntos
Humanos , Animais , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Hiperglicemia/epidemiologia , Hipoglicemia/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Glicemia , Glicemia/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva
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