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1.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(13)2022 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35804826

RESUMO

The identification of factors that respond to anti-angiogenic therapy would represent a significant advance in the therapeutic management of metastatic-colorectal-cancer (mCRC) patients. We previously reported the relevance of VEGF-A and some components of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) in the response to anti-angiogenic therapy in cancer patients. Therefore, this prospective study aims to evaluate the prognostic value of basal plasma levels of VEGF-A and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) in 73 mCRC patients who were to receive bevacizumab-based therapies as a first-line treatment. We found that high basal VEGF-A plasma levels were significantly associated with worse overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (FPS). On the other hand, low ACE levels were significantly associated with poor OS. Importantly, a simple scoring system combining the basal plasma levels of VEGF-A and ACE efficiently stratified mCRC patients, according to OS, into high-risk or low-risk groups, prior to their treatment with bevacizumab. In conclusion, our study supports that VEGF-A and ACE may be potential biomarkers for selecting those mCRC patients who will most benefit from receiving chemotherapy plus bevacizumab treatment in first-line therapy. Additionally, our data reinforce the notion of a close association between the RAAS and the anti-angiogenic response in cancer.

2.
Front Psychol ; 13: 871929, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35664159

RESUMO

Psychological flexibility is a key concept of acceptation and commitment therapy (ACT). This factor has been linked with psychological wellbeing and associated factors, such as quality of life, in cancer patients. These and other positive results of acceptation and commitment therapy in cancer patients found in previous research could be enhanced by using mhealth tools. A three-arm randomized superiority clinical trial, with a pre-post-follow-up repeated measures intergroup design with a 1:1:1 allocation ratio is proposed. A hundred and twenty cancer patients will be randomly assigned to one of the following interventions: (1) face-to-face ACT + mobile application (app), (2) face-to-face ACT, and (3) Waitlist control group. The primary expected outcome is to observe significant improvements in psychological flexibility acceptance and action questionnaire- II (AAQ-II) in the face-to-face ACT + app group, after comparing baseline and post-treatment scores, and the scores will remain stable in the two assessment points, 3 and 6 months after the intervention. Secondary expected outcomes are significant increasing scores in quality of life (EORTC QLQ C-30) and post-traumatic-growth (PTGI-SF), and significant decreasing scores in anxiety and depression (HADS), insomnia (ISI) and fatigue (BFI) at the same assessment points. Also, it is expected that the scores of this group will be higher than the scores of the face-to-face ACT group and the waitlist control group. This study aims to assess the efficacy of a combined intervention (face-to face ACT + app) for psychological flexibility and associated symptoms in cancer patients. The results of this protocol may help to consider the use of acceptation and commitment therapy and mhealth applications in cancer settings as a valid therapeutic choice. Clinical Trial Registration: [www.ClinicalTrials.gov], identifier [NCT05126823].

3.
Br J Cancer ; 126(6): 874-880, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34937947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aflibercept is an antiangiogenic drug against metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) combined with 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin/irinotecan (FOLFIRI); however, no antiangiogenic biomarker has yet been validated. We assessed aflibercept plus FOLFIRI, investigating the biomarker role of baseline vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). METHODS: Phase II trial in oxaliplatin-treated mCRC patients who received aflibercept plus FOLFIRI. The reported 135 ng/mL ACE cut-off was used and ROC analysis was performed to assess the optimal VEGF-A cut-off for progression-free survival (PFS). Overall survival (OS), time to progression (TTP), time to treatment failure (TTF), overall response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR) were also assessed. RESULTS: In total, 101 patients were followed for a median of 12 (6-17) months. The 1941 pg/mL VEGF-A was an optimal cut-off, with a longer median PFS when VEGF-A was <1941 versus ≥1941 pg/mL (9 versus 4 months). Patients with VEGF-A < 1941 pg/mL showed longer median OS (19 versus 8 months), TTP (9 versus 4 months) and TTF (8 versus 4 months), along with higher ORR (26% versus 9%) and DCR (81% versus 55%). No differences were identified according to ACE levels. CONCLUSIONS: This study supports aflibercept plus FOLFIRI benefits, suggesting VEGF-A as a potential biomarker to predict better outcomes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores , Camptotecina/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Fluoruracila/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Irinotecano/uso terapêutico , Leucovorina/uso terapêutico , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/uso terapêutico , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
4.
Cancer Biomark ; 34(2): 201-210, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34958006

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRs) are frequently altered in colorectal cancer (CRC) and can be used as prognostic factors. OBJECTIVE: To confirm in stage III CRC patients a reported miR signature that was associated to the presence of metastatic disease. To correlate miR expression with microsatellite instability (MSI) and mutations in RAS and BRAF. METHODS: miR-21, miR-135a, miR-206, miR-335 and miR-Let-7a expression was analyzed by RT-qPCR in 150 patients out of the 329 patients used to analyze MSI and RAS and BRAF mutations. Association with disease free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) was analyzed. Data was confirmed by a multivariate analysis. RESULTS: MiR-21 high expression (p= 0.034) and miR-335 low expression (p= 0.0061) were significantly associated with MSI-H. A positive trend (p= 0.0624) between miR-135a high expression and RAS mutations was found. Lower miR-21 expression levels are associated with DFS (HR = 2.654, 95% CI: 1.066-6.605, p= 0.036) and a trend with OS (HR = 2.419, 95% CI: 0.749-7.815, p= 0.140). MiR-21 high expression significantly improves DFS of the poor prognosis group (T4 or N2) (p= 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Association of increased expression of miR-21 and better prognosis in the poor prognostic group may be of interest and could be explored in future prospective clinical trials.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Instabilidade de Microssatélites , Mutação , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética
5.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34872775

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Retrospective studies and meta-analyses suggest that upfront primary tumour resection (UPTR) confers a survival benefit in patients with asymptomatic unresectable metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) undergoing chemotherapy, however a consensus of its role in routine clinical practice in the current era of targeted therapies is lacking. This retrospective study aimed to analyse the survival benefit of UPTR in terms of tumour location and mutational status, in patients with synchronous mCRC receiving chemotherapy and targeted therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Survival was analysed in a pooled cohort of synchronous mCRC patients treated with a first-line anti-VEGF or anti-EGFR inhibitor in seven trials of the Spanish TTD group, according to UPTR, tumour-sidedness and mutational profiling. RESULTS: Of 1334 eligible patients, 642 (48%) had undergone UPTR. UPTR was associated with significantly longer overall survival (OS; 25.0 vs 20.3 months; HR 1.30, 95%CI 1.15-1.48; p < 0.0001). UPTR was associated with significant OS benefit in both left-sided (HR 1.38, 95%CI 1.13-1.69; p = 0.002) and right-sided (HR 1.39, 95%CI 1.00-1.94; p = 0.049) tumours, RASwt (HR 1.29, 95%CI 1.05-1.60; p = 0.016) and BRAFwt (HR 1.49, 95%CI 1.21-1.84; p = 0.0002) tumours, and treatment with anti-EGFRs (HR 1.47, 95%CI 1.13-1.92; p = 0.004) and anti-VEGFs (HR 1.25, 95%CI 1.08-1.44; p = 0.003). Multivariate analysis identified number of metastatic sites, RAS status, primary tumour location and UPTR as independent prognostic factors for OS. CONCLUSION: Considering the selection bias inherent to this study, our results support UPTR before first-line anti-EGFR or anti-VEGF targeted therapy in right and left-sided asymptomatic unresectable synchronous mCRC patients. RAS/BRAF mutational status may also influence UPTR function.

6.
Eur J Hosp Pharm ; 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34810173

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the economic impact of introducing biosimilars of bevacizumab for the management of cancer patients receiving systemic bevacizumab in the National Health System (SNHS) of Spain. METHODS: A 3-year budget impact analysis model was adapted to estimate the cost of introducing biosimilars of bevacizumab in the SNHS for the adult population who were candidates to receive treatment with bevacizumab. Values for the estimation of the population were obtained from the literature and were validated by an expert panel. In this analysis only pharmaceutical costs (€, year 2021) obtained from official databases were considered. A sensitivity analysis was performed to examine the robustness of the model. RESULTS: The introduction of bevacizumab biosimilars would generate an annual cost saving of €11 558 268 (-5.1%) for the first year with a penetration share of biosimilars from 30.0%, €29 126 373 (-8.5%) for the second year with a share of 50.0% and €52 361 778 (-13.6%) for the third year with a share of 80.0%. The total pharmaceutical costs of the scenario without biosimilars are €227 033 352 for the first year, €342 663 209 for the second year and €385 013 076 for the third year. In contrast, the pharmaceutical costs of the scenario with bevacizumab biosimilars are €215 475 084, €313 536 836 and €332 651 297 for years 1, 2 and 3, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The introduction of biosimilars in the Spanish Health System would generate saving costs in the pharmacological budget to boost biological drugs from the first year.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34774453

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Gout is a crystal arthropathy that is associated with significant loss of quality of life. A treat-to-target approach and proactive monitoring yield superior outcomes to standard care. The Clinical Nurse Specialist enhances follow-up and adherence to treatment in patients with gout, improving their perceived healthcare quality. OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors that affect the perceived quality and satisfaction of patients with gout treated in a rheumatology clinic and to identify areas for improvement, as well as to explore the influence of nurses' work in the care and management of these patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional observational study in patients with gout monitored in a monographic clinic by anonymous survey based on the SERVQUAL quality model, with demographic data and questions about aspects of care. RESULTS: 71 completed surveys were collected from the 80 delivered between August 2019 and January 2020. Most of the participants were males over 45 years of age. A total of 39% were satisfied with the care received, and 55% were very satisfied. All the respondents were satisfied with the face-to-face consultation with the Clinical Nurse Specialist and 66% considered the telephone consultation with the nurse to be good. Possible areas for improvement (referral time to consultation, identification, and availability of health providers) were identified. CONCLUSION: We found high overall satisfaction perceived by the patients attended in a gout consultation with the Clinical Nurse Specialist. Understanding and systematizing the patients' opinion is essential to improve clinical care.

8.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481760

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Gout is a crystal arthropathy that is associated with significant loss of quality of life. A treat-to-target approach and proactive monitoring yield superior outcomes to standard care. The Clinical Nurse Specialist enhances follow-up and adherence to treatment in patients with gout, improving their perceived healthcare quality. OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors that affect the perceived quality and satisfaction of patients with gout treated in a rheumatology clinic and to identify areas for improvement, as well as to explore the influence of nurses' work in the care and management of these patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional observational study in patients with gout monitored in a monographic clinic by anonymous survey based on the SERVQUAL quality model, with demographic data and questions about aspects of care. RESULTS: 71 completed surveys were collected from the 80 delivered between August 2019 and January 2020. Most of the participants were males over 45years of age. A total of 39% were satisfied with the care received, and 55% were very satisfied. All the respondents were satisfied with the face-to-face consultation with the Clinical Nurse Specialist and 66% considered the telephone consultation with the nurse to be good. Possible areas for improvement (referral time to consultation, identification, and availability of health providers) were identified. CONCLUSION: We found high overall satisfaction perceived by the patients attended in a gout consultation with the Clinical Nurse Specialist. Understanding and systematizing the patients' opinion is essential to improve clinical care.

9.
Diabetes Metab ; 47(6): 101276, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517124

RESUMO

AIMS: To examine the clinical and biochemical determinants of trabecular bone score (TBS) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional observational study in 137 T2DM patients (49-85 years). Whole-body fat percentage was estimated using the relative fat mass (RFM) equation. Bone mineral density (BMD) and TBS were assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and TBS iNsight Software respectively. RESULTS: T2DM patients showed significantly lower TBS values (P < 0.001) despite significantly higher lumbar spine BMD (LS-BMD) (P = 0.025) compared to controls. TBS values ​​were negatively correlated with body mass index (BMI) (P < 0.001), waist circumference (P < 0.001), and HOMA-2IR index (P = 0.004) and positively correlated with sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) (P = 0.01) and LS-BMD (P = 0.003). RFM was negatively associated with TBS in both males (P < 0.001) and females (P = 0.005). The multivariate analysis showed that RFM, HOMA2-IR (negative), SHBG, and LS-BMD (positive) were the variables independently associated with TBS. ROC analysis revealed RFM as the variable with the highest predictive value for risk of degraded bone microarchitecture. CONCLUSIONS: The adiposity estimated by RFM may negatively affect TBS and this relationship may be influenced by insulin resistance and SHBG. RFM could act as a key estimator of degraded bone microarchitecture risk in the T2DM population.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Hiperglicemia , Resistência à Insulina , Absorciometria de Fóton , Densidade Óssea , Osso Esponjoso/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperglicemia/complicações , Masculino
10.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(18)2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34572740

RESUMO

Trifluridine/tipiracil is currently approved for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) refractory to available therapies. However, there is no consensus on factors that predict treatment outcomes in daily practice. We assessed the early clinical experience with trifluridine/tipiracil in Spain and potential survival markers. This was a retrospective cohort study of mCRC patients who participated in the trifluridine/tipiracil early clinical experience programme in Spain. The primary outcome was overall survival (OS). Associations between OS and patient characteristics were assessed using multivariate Cox regression analyses. A total of 379 patients were included in the study. Trifluridine/tipiracil was administered for a median of 3.0 cycles and discontinued mainly due to disease progression (79.2%). The median OS was 7.9 months, with a 12-month OS rate of 30.5%. Cox analyses revealed that the following variables independently enhanced OS: ≤2 metastatic sites, no liver metastasis, alkaline phosphatase < 300 IU, trifluridine/tipiracil dose reductions, and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio < 5. Grade ≥ 3 toxicities were reported in 141 (37.2%) patients, including mainly afebrile neutropaenia (23.2%), anaemia (12.1%), and thrombocytopaenia (5.3%). This study supports the real-life efficacy and safety of trifluridine/tipiracil for refractory mCRC and identifies tumour burden, liver metastasis, alkaline phosphatase, dose reductions, and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio as survival markers.

11.
Nurs Open ; 8(6): 3411-3419, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33949797

RESUMO

AIM: Caregivers of cancer patients are at high risk of experiencing impairments in terms of anxiety, depression and quality of life. This study examines the mediation capacity that perceived emotional support can have after diagnosis and six months later between depression and anxiety after diagnosis and quality of life in informal caregivers of cancer patients. DESIGN: A sample of 67 informal caregivers of cancer patients was used. This study is longitudinal, ex post facto prospective, with convenience sampling. METHODS: Participants completed the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form (SF-36), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Berlin Social Support Scale (BSSS) and a sociodemographic questionnaire. Data were collected between March 2017 and November 2018. RESULTS: Spearman's correlation analysis showed that anxiety, depression and perceived emotional support were related to quality of life. The mediation analysis showed that the relationship between depression after diagnosis and quality of life six months later was mediated by perceived emotional support.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Qualidade de Vida , Cuidadores , Depressão/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Apoio Social
13.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(6)2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33802006

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is an aggressive cancer with a highly inflammatory microenvironment and liquid biopsy has emerged as a promising tool for the noninvasive analysis of this tumor. In this study, plasma was obtained from 58 metastatic PDAC patients, and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) concentration, and circulating RAS mutation were determined. We found that NLR was significantly associated with both overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival. Remarkably, NLR was an independent risk factor for poor OS. Moreover, NLR and PLR positively correlated, and combination of both inflammatory markers significantly improved the prognostic stratification of metastatic PDAC patients. NLR also showed a positive correlation with cfDNA levels and RAS mutant allelic fraction (MAF). Besides, we found that neutrophil activation contributed to cfDNA content in the plasma of metastatic PDAC patients. Finally, a multi-parameter prognosis model was designed by combining NLR, PLR, cfDNA levels, RAS mutation, RAS MAF, and CA19-9, which performs as a promising tool to predict the prognosis of metastatic PDAC patients. In conclusion, our study supports the idea that the use of systemic inflammatory markers along with circulating tumor-specific markers may constitute a valuable tool for the clinical management of metastatic PDAC patients.

14.
J Immunother Cancer ; 9(4)2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33833048

RESUMO

AIM: Cetuximab is a standard-of-care treatment for KRAS wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), but it may also be effective in a subgroup of KRAS mutant patients by its immunomodulatory activity. Here, we explore if KIR (killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor) genotyping can provide a significant added value in the clinical outcome of patients with KRAS mutant mCRC based on cetuximab treatment. METHODS: We included 69 patients with histologically confirmed mCRC and KRAS mutation, positive EGFR expression, and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status ≤2. Based on KIR gene content, haplotype (A or B) was defined and genotypes (AA or Bx) were grouped for each patient. RESULTS: We demonstrated with new evidence the immunomodulatory activity of cetuximab in patients with KRAS mutant mCRC. Patients with homozygous genotypes (AA or BB) showed shorter 12-month progression-free survival (PFS12) and poorer overall survival (OS) than those with heterozygotes (AB). Moreover, multivariate analysis confirmed stratification of patients based on genotype was an independent marker of PFS12 (HR 2.16) and the centromeric and telomeric distribution of KIRs was an independent predictor of both PFS12 (HR 2.26) and OS (HR 1.93) in patients with mCRC with KRAS mutation treated with cetuximab. CONCLUSIONS: Selection of patients with mCRC based on their KIR genotypes opens a therapeutic opportunity for patients with KRAS mutation, and it should be tested in clinical trials in comparison with other alternatives with scarce benefit. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01450319, EudraCT 2010-023580-18.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Cetuximab/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Receptores KIR/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Neoplasias Colorretais/imunologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Haplótipos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Metástase Neoplásica , Seleção de Pacientes , Fenótipo , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Espanha , Adulto Jovem
15.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(7)2021 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33916610

RESUMO

First-line treatment with regorafenib in frail metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients has shown some benefit. To accurately identify such patients before treatment, we studied blood biomarkers and primary tumor molecules. We unveiled serum microRNAs (miRNAs), single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in angiogenic-related genes, and Notch 1 expression as biomarkers associated with response or toxicity. MicroRNA array profiling and genotyping of selected SNPs were performed in the blood of fragile mCRC patients treated with regorafenib. Notch 1 and CRC-associated miRNA expression was also analyzed in tumors. High levels of miR-185-5p in serum, rs7993418 in the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (VEGFR1) gene, and Notch 1 expression in biopsies were associated with a favorable response to treatment. Serum levels of miR-126-3p and miR-152-3p and tumor expression of miR-92a-1-5p were associated with treatment toxicity, particularly interesting in patients exhibiting comorbidities, and high levels of miR-362-3p were associated with asthenia. Additionally, several miRNAs were associated with the presence of metastasis, local recurrence, and peritoneal metastasis. Besides, miRNAs determined in primary tumors were associated with tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging. The rs2305948 and rs699947 SNPs in VEGFR2 and VEGFA, respectively, were markers of poor prognosis correlating with locoregional relapse, a higher N stage, and metastatic shedding. In conclusion, VEGF and VEGFR SNPs, miRNAs, and Notch 1 levels are potential useful biomarkers for the management of advanced CRC under regorafenib treatment.

16.
Drugs Aging ; 38(3): 219-231, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33615402

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Biologicals, in combination with chemotherapy, are recommended as first-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC); however, evidence guiding the appropriate management of older patients with mCRC is limited. OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to compare the efficacy and safety outcomes in older versus younger patients with mCRC who received first-line biological therapy. METHODS: This retrospective analysis used pooled data from five trials undertaken by the Spanish Cooperative Group for the Treatment of Digestive Tumours. All were studies of adults with advanced CRC who received first-line treatment with chemotherapy plus bevacizumab, cetuximab or panitumumab, stratified by age (≥ 65 vs. < 65 years). Endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), overall response rate (ORR) and safety. RESULTS: In total, 999 patients from five studies were included in the analysis: 480 (48%) were aged ≥ 65 years, and 519 (52%) were aged < 65 years. Median PFS did not differ significantly between patients aged ≥ 65 and < 65 years (9.9 vs. 9.4 months; hazard ratio [HR] 1.01; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.88-1.17). Median OS was significantly shorter in older than in younger patients (21.3 vs. 25.0 months; HR 1.21; 95% CI 1.04-1.41). There was no significant difference between older and younger patients in ORR (59 vs. 62%). Patients aged ≥ 65 years experienced significantly more treatment-related grade 3 or higher adverse events (61.67%) than did patients aged < 65 years (45.86%). CONCLUSIONS: Biologicals plus chemotherapy is an effective first-line treatment option for selected patients aged ≥ 65 years with mCRC and has a manageable safety profile and efficacy comparable to that observed in younger patients.


Assuntos
Fatores Biológicos , Neoplasias Colorretais , Idoso , Bevacizumab/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Panitumumabe , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
J Pers Med ; 11(2)2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33572343

RESUMO

This study represents a novel proof of concept of the clinical utility of miRNAs from exhaled breath condensate (EBC) as biomarkers of lung cancer (LC). Genome-wide miRNA profiling and machine learning analysis were performed on EBC from 21 healthy volunteers and 21 LC patients. The levels of 12 miRNAs were significantly altered in EBC from LC patients where a specific signature of miR-4507, miR-6777-5p and miR-451a distinguished these patients with high accuracy. Besides, a distinctive miRNA profile between LC adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma was observed, where a combined panel of miR-4529-3p, miR-8075 and miR-7704 enabling discrimination between them. EBC levels of miR-6777-5p, 6780a-5p and miR-877-5p predicted clinical outcome at 500 days. Two additional miRNA signatures were also associated with other clinical features such as stage and invasion status. Dysregulated EBC miRNAs showed potential target genes related to LC pathogenesis, including CDKN2B, PTEN, TP53, BCL2, KRAS and EGFR. We conclude that EBC miRNAs might allow the identification, stratification and monitorization of LC, which could lead to the development of precision medicine in this and other respiratory diseases.

18.
JCO Oncol Pract ; 17(8): e1162-e1169, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33621121

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Measuring and tracking quality of care is highly relevant in today's health care. The Quality Oncology Practice Initiative (QOPI) program is a referral for evaluating oncology practices worldwide. Excellence and Quality in Oncology Foundation, a collaboration of oncology experts from major Spanish hospitals involved in cancer treatment, reached an agreement with QOPI to include Spanish hospitals in this program. METHODS: We analyzed the results of the QOPI Core module measures from 19 Spanish hospitals over nine rounds (from fall 2015 to fall 2019). RESULTS: Of the 19 hospitals, 15 completed more than one round; none participated in all nine (two hospitals participated in eight rounds). The highest scores were for pathology report confirming malignancy, documenting a plan of care for moderate or severe pain and chemotherapy dose, and chemotherapy administered to patients with metastatic solid tumor with performance status undocumented. Measures regarding a summary of chemotherapy treatment, tobacco use cessation counseling, and assessment of patient emotional well-being were among the lowest scored measures. Six of the 15 practices that participated repeatedly achieved a better score in their last round compared with their first. Overall, scores of Spanish hospitals improved from 67.79% in fall 2015 to 68.91% in fall 2019. CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the first study to evaluate QOPI scores in Spain. There was high variability in scores, with quality of care improving with repeated participation in some hospitals, but worsening in others. Excellence and Quality in Oncology Foundation will support practices to increase their participation to improve oncology care and implement strategies that address the areas for improvement.


Assuntos
Oncologia , Neoplasias , Humanos , Neoplasias/terapia , Espanha
19.
Eur J Cancer ; 145: 158-167, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485079

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Perioperative chemotherapy improves overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) compared with surgery alone in patients with resectable gastric adenocarcinoma (GA) or gastro-oesophageal junction adenocarcinoma (GEJA). The addition of trastuzumab to chemotherapy improves outcomes in patients with HER2-positive advanced gastric cancer (GC), and we aimed to explore its role in the perioperative setting. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This Spanish, multicentre, open-label phase II trial evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of perioperative capecitabine, oxaliplatin and trastuzumab (XELOX-T) in patients with HER2-positive resectable GA or GEJA. The primary end-point was 18-months DFS; and secondary end-points included pathological complete response (pCR) rate, R0 resection rate, OS and toxicity (NCT01130337). RESULTS: Thirty-six patients were included. After three cycles of preoperative treatment, 14 patients (38% of the intention-to-treat population) had partial response and 18 (50%) had stable disease. Surgery was performed in 31 patients: 28 (90%) had R0 resection, three (9.6%) had a pCR and three (9.6%) died due to surgical complications. A total of 24 patients received post-operative XELOX-T, 22 of whom completed trastuzumab maintenance. Main grade III/IV toxicities included diarrhoea (33%), nausea and vomiting (8%). After a median follow-up of 24.1 months, 18-month DFS was 71% (95% confidence interval [CI], 53-83%); and an update after 102 months of follow-up showed a median OS of 79.9 months and a 60-month OS of 58% (95% CI, 40-73%). CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that perioperative XELOX-T in patients with HER2-positive GA and GEJA is feasible and active. Further investigation in randomised studies is warranted.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Capecitabina/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/terapia , Junção Esofagogástrica/efeitos dos fármacos , Junção Esofagogástrica/cirurgia , Oxaliplatina/uso terapêutico , Assistência Perioperatória , Receptor ErbB-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Trastuzumab/uso terapêutico , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Capecitabina/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Junção Esofagogástrica/metabolismo , Junção Esofagogástrica/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oxaliplatina/efeitos adversos , Assistência Perioperatória/efeitos adversos , Assistência Perioperatória/mortalidade , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Espanha , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Fatores de Tempo , Trastuzumab/efeitos adversos
20.
Lab Invest ; 101(3): 292-303, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33262438

RESUMO

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are involved in the resistance of estrogen (ER)-positive breast tumors against endocrine therapy. On the other hand, nitric oxide (NO) plays a relevant role in CSC biology, although there are no studies addressing how this important signaling molecule may contribute to resistance to antihormonal therapy in ER+ breast cancer. Therefore, we explored whether targeting NO in ER+ breast cancer cells impacts CSC subpopulation and sensitivity to hormonal therapy with tamoxifen. NO was targeted in ER+ breast cancer cells by specific NO depletion and NOS2 silencing and mammosphere formation capacity, stem cell markers and tamoxifen sensitivity were analyzed. An orthotopic breast tumor model in mice was also performed to analyze the efficacy of NO-targeted therapy plus tamoxifen. Kaplan-Meier curves were made to analyze the association of NOS2 gene expression with survival of ER+ breast cancer patients treated with tamoxifen. Our results show that targeting NO inhibited mamosphere formation, CSC markers expression and increased the antitumoral efficacy of tamoxifen in ER+ breast cancer cells, whereas tamoxifen-resistant cells displayed higher expression levels of NOS2 and Notch-1 compared with parental cells. Notably, NO-targeted therapy plus tamoxifen was more effective than either treatment alone in an orthotopic breast tumor model in immunodeficient mice. Furthermore, low NOS2 expression was significantly associated with a higher metastasis-free survival in ER+ breast cancer patients treated with tamoxifen. In conclusion, our data support that NO-targeted therapy in ER+ breast cancer may contribute to increase the efficacy of antihormonal therapy avoiding the development of resistance to these treatments.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Hormonais , Neoplasias da Mama , Óxido Nítrico , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Tamoxifeno , Animais , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Inativação Gênica , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos SCID , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/farmacologia , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/genética , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Tamoxifeno/farmacologia , Tamoxifeno/uso terapêutico
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