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1.
Physiotherapy ; 113: 107-115, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34571284

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore physiotherapists' perceptions of how patients' adherence and non-adherence to recommended exercise affects their practice. DESIGN: A qualitative study with a focus group and semi-structured interviews. The focus group and interviews were audio recorded and transcribed verbatim. Transcripts were analysed using thematic analysis. SETTING: MSK physiotherapy services in the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: Focus group: 8 UK registered physiotherapists (age range=24-48; seven female, one male). Semi-structured interviews: 10 UK registered physiotherapists (age range=28-52; eight female, two male). RESULTS: Participants described how exercise adherence could be a challenging aspect of clinical practice and how they tried to improve it. Four main themes were identified: 1) A challenge but worth it; 2) It's frustrating but you can't win them all; 3) Striving to see the individual; and 4) Striving to help the patient. The importance of establishing a good working relationship with patients was emphasised. This included working collaboratively with the patient, avoiding blaming them for non-adherence and thinking about the language they used in discussing exercises. CONCLUSION: Patient non-adherence to recommended exercise is a challenging aspect of clinical practice. Physiotherapists can acknowledge this difficulty, and the frustrations it may potentially bring, yet remain resilient in the face of it. Clinicians should consider potential approaches and strategies to optimise the potential for behaviour change, and to improve exercise adherence. Robust interventions to help clinicians facilitate better exercise adherence are also needed.

2.
BMJ Open Respir Res ; 7(1)2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928787

RESUMO

The SARS-CoV-2 can lead to severe illness with COVID-19. Outcomes of patients requiring mechanical ventilation are poor. Awake proning in COVID-19 improves oxygenation, but on data clinical outcomes is limited. This single-centre retrospective study aimed to assess whether successful awake proning of patients with COVID-19, requiring respiratory support (continuous positive airways pressure (CPAP) or high-flow nasal oxygen (HFNO)) on a respiratory high-dependency unit (HDU), is associated with improved outcomes. HDU care included awake proning by respiratory physiotherapists. Of 565 patients admitted with COVID-19, 71 (12.6%) were managed on the respiratory HDU, with 48 of these (67.6%) requiring respiratory support. Patients managed with CPAP alone 22/48 (45.8%) were significantly less likely to die than patients who required transfer onto HFNO 26/48 (54.2%): CPAP mortality 36.4%; HFNO mortality 69.2%, (p=0.023); however, multivariate analysis demonstrated that increasing age and the inability to awake prone were the only independent predictors of COVID-19 mortality. The mortality of patients with COVID-19 requiring respiratory support is considerable. Data from our cohort managed on HDU show that CPAP and awake proning are possible in a selected population of COVID-19, and may be useful. Further prospective studies are required.


Assuntos
Pressão Positiva Contínua nas Vias Aéreas/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Oxigenoterapia/métodos , Posicionamento do Paciente/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Decúbito Ventral , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ventilação não Invasiva/métodos , Razão de Chances , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Resultado do Tratamento , Reino Unido , Vigília
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