Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 3 de 3
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Emergencias (Sant Vicenç dels Horts) ; 31(4): 227-233, ago. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-182762

RESUMO

Objetivos: Este estudio analiza el control del ritmo en los servicios de urgencias (SUH) y sus resultados en pacientes con fibrilación auricular (FA) de reciente comienzo, para identificar áreas de mejora en el manejo. Método: Estudio multicéntrico, observacional, prospectivo y transversal desarrollado en 124 SUH representativos del sistema sanitario español basado en el registro HERMES-AF (estrategias de manejo en el servicio de urgencias hospitalario de la FA) del 23 de mayo al 5 de junio de 2011. Se incluyeron pacientes con FA sintomática con menos de 48 h de evolución en los cuales se tomó la decisión de restaurar el ritmo sinusal. Resultados: Se incluyeron 337 pacientes, se optó por cardioversión farmacológica en 311 pacientes (92,3%), y por cardioversión eléctrica en 52 (15%), la mitad de los casos tras fracaso de los fármacos. Se obtuvo ritmo sinusal (RS) en 278 pacientes (82,5%) y el alivio de los síntomas en 297 (94%), con una tasa de efectos adversos del 0,9%, ninguno grave. Amiodarona se asoció de manera independiente a una menor tasa de RS al alta (OR = 0,442; IC 95% 0,238-0,823; p = 0,01), al contrario que la cardioversión eléctrica (OR = 4,0; IC 95% 1,2-13,3; p = 0,024). Los fármacos I-C se asociaron con una mayor proporción de altas en < 6 h (OR 2,6; IC 95% 1,6-4,3; p < 0,001) y amiodarona con más estancias prolongadas de > 24 h (OR 2,7, IC 95% 1,5-4,8; p < 0,003). Conclusiones: En los SUH, la restauración del RS en la FA de reciente comienzo es segura, efectiva y asocia beneficios clínicos para los pacientes. Reemplazar amiodarona por técnicas más efectivas y rápidas como la cardioversión eléctrica o los fármacos I-C es un área de mejora de la calidad asistencial


Objectives: To analyze heart rate control in hospital emergency departments and outcomes in patients with recent onset atrial fibrillation (AF) so that targets for improvement can be identified. Methods: Multicenter, prospective observational cross-sectional study in a representative sample of 124 hospitals of the Spanish health services, based on records in the HERMES-AF database (Hospital Emergency Department Management Strategies for AF) for May 23 to June 5, 2011. Patients with symptomatic AF within 48 hours of onset were enrolled when the decision was made to attempt restoration of sinus rhythm. Results: We included 337 patients. Chemical cardioversion was used in 311 (92.3%) and electrical cardioversion in 52 (15%), after drugs had failed in half the cases. Sinus rhythm was restored in 278 patients (82.5%), and symptoms resolved in 94%. Adverse effects were recorded in 0.9% but none were serious. Amiodarone was independently associated with a lower rate of restored sinus rhythm (odds ratio [OR], 0.442; 95% CI, 0.238-0.823; P=.01) than electrical cardioversion (OR, 4.0; 95% CI, 1.2-13.3; P=.024). The use of class Ic antiarrhythmic agents was associated with a higher percentage of discharges in less than 6 hours (OR, 2.6; 95% CI, 1.6-4.3; P<.001), and amiodarone was associated with hospital stays longer than 24 hours (OR, 2.7; 95% CI, 1.5-4.8; P<.003). Conclusions: Emergency department restoration of sinus rhythm in patients with AF is safe, effective, and associated with clinical benefits. Quality of care could be improved by replacing the use of amiodarone with faster and more effective treatments such as electrical cardioversion or the use of class Ic agents


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cardioversão Elétrica/métodos , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Ritmo Circadiano/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema de Registros/normas , Cardioversão Elétrica/tendências , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Transversais , Espanha , Antiarrítmicos/administração & dosagem , Sistemas de Saúde/organização & administração
2.
Blood Press Monit ; 11(6): 329-35, 2006 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17106317

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In middle-aged adults, vascular damage correlates better with ambulatory than with clinic blood pressure. This study aimed to determine whether vascular damage evaluated by carotid ultrasonography in the elderly is also more closely related to ambulatory than to clinic blood pressure, and which blood pressure variables are better associated with vascular damage. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 292 randomly selected >65 years old participants who underwent 24-h noninvasive ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Blood pressure variables analyzed were (a) clinic blood pressure: systolic and diastolic blood pressure, pulse pressure; (b) ambulatory blood pressure monitoring: mean values of systolic and diastolic blood pressure, systolic and diastolic blood pressure load, pulse pressure, as well as variability, evaluated within 24 h, diurnal and nocturnal periods; and day-night blood pressure difference. A clinical history, physical examination, carotid ultrasonography and laboratory tests were performed. To estimate the relationship between blood pressure and vascular damage, univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. RESULTS: Mean age: 73+/-6 years, 45% men, 76.7% hypertensive patients. In the simple regression analysis, the best significant correlations (P<0.05) were common carotid intima-media thickness with 24-h and nocturnal pulse pressure (r=0.32), and common carotid diameter with 24-h systolic blood pressure load (r=0.47). In the multivariate analysis, the significant associations (P<0.05) were (a) linear regression: nocturnal pulse pressure with common carotid intima-media thickness, and diurnal pulse pressure as well as 24-h systolic blood pressure load with common carotid diameter; (b) logistic regression, adjusted odds ratio: nocturnal pulse pressure and nocturnal diastolic blood pressure load with the presence of carotid atherosclerotic plaques 1.03 and 0.98, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In the elderly, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring is better associated with carotid damage than clinic blood pressure. Systolic blood pressure variables are the best associated, blood pressure load and pulse pressure being better associated with carotid damage than the mean levels of ambulatory blood pressure.


Assuntos
Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial , Artérias Carótidas/fisiopatologia , Lesões das Artérias Carótidas/fisiopatologia , Ritmo Circadiano , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Túnica Íntima/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Artérias Carótidas/patologia , Lesões das Artérias Carótidas/epidemiologia , Lesões das Artérias Carótidas/patologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/patologia , Masculino , Pulso Arterial , Espanha , Túnica Íntima/lesões , Túnica Íntima/patologia
3.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 56(8): 801-816, ago. 2003.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-28101

RESUMO

La fibrilación auricular (FA) es la arritmia más prevalente en los servicios de urgencias hospitalarios (SUH) y es una enfermedad grave que duplica la mortalidad y que conlleva una elevada morbilidad. Sin embargo, a pesar de estas consideraciones, en nuestro medio se realiza un manejo heterogéneo y con frecuencia inadecuado de la FA en los SUH. Probablemente, esto es una consecuencia de la diversidad de aspectos clínicos que deben considerarse en los pacientes con FA, así como del elevado número de opciones terapéuticas posibles, lo que justifica la implementación de estrategias concretas y coordinadas de actuación entre los diversos profesionales implicados en el manejo de los pacientes con FA, con el fin de mejorar su tratamiento y optimizar los recursos humanos y materiales. Este documento recoge las guías recomendadas por la Sociedad Española de Cardiología (SEC) y la Sociedad Española de Medicina de Urgencias y Emergencias (SEMES) para el manejo de la FA en los SUH, donde se proponen unas pautas generales basadas en la evidencia científica publicada hasta el momento y aplicables a la mayoría de los SUH de nuestro país. De esta forma, se proponen estrategias concretas de manejo de los pacientes con FA en los aspectos de recuperación y mantenimiento del ritmo sinusal, control de la frecuencia cardíaca durante FA, profilaxis tromboembólica e ingreso o alta hospitalaria, todo ello con el objetivo de promover una mejor atención a los pacientes con un uso más adecuado de los recursos disponibles en nuestro medio (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Tromboembolia , Função Ventricular , Fibrilação Atrial , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA