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1.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(7)2022 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35406620

RESUMO

This study investigated the prognostic role of the CXCR4-CXCL12-CXCR7 axis in advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients receiving first-line treatment within the MITO16A/MaNGO-OV2 phase-IV trial. CXCR4-CXCL12-CXCR7 expression was evaluated in the epithelial and stromal component of 308 EOC IHC-stained tumor samples. The statistical analysis focused on biomarkers' expression, their association with other variables and prognostic value. Zero-inflated tests, shrinkage, bootstrap procedures, and multivariable models were applied. The majority of EOC (75.0%) expressed CXCR4 and CXCR7, 56.5% expressed the entire CXCR4-CXCL12-CXCR7 axis, while only 4.6% were negative for CXCL12 and its cognate receptors, in regard to the epithelial component. Stromal CXCL12 and CXCR7, expressed in 11.2% and 65.5%, respectively, were associated with the FIGO stage. High CXCL12 in epithelial cancer cells was associated with shorter progression-free and overall survival. However, after adjusting for overfitting due to best cut-off multiplicity testing, the significance was lost. This is a wide-ranging, prospective study in which CXCR4-CXCL12-CXCR7 were systematically evaluated in epithelial and stromal components, in selected stage III-IV EOC. Although CXCL12 was not prognostic, epithelial expression identified high-risk FIGO stage III patients for PFS. These data suggest that it might be worth studying the CXCL12 axis as a therapeutic target to improve treatment efficacy in EOC patients.

2.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 2022 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35318277

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors have transformed the management landscape for patients with ovarian cancer, demonstrating remarkable improvements in progression-free survival and overall survival. Unfortunately, most relapses are due to an acquired mechanism of resistance to these agents. We hypothesize that secondary cytoreductive surgery, removing resistant clones, might help to overcome the development of resistance to poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors, prolonging their therapeutic effect. PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of olaparib beyond progression compared with standard platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with recurrent ovarian cancer progressed during or after poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor maintenance therapy after secondary cytoreductive surgery. STUDY HYPOTHESIS: Olaparib administered beyond progression is more effective in increasing progression-free survival and progression-free survival 2 compared with second-line platinum-based chemotherapy in patients after secondary cytoreductive surgery. TRIAL DESIGN: Phase III, randomized, open-label, multicenter trial. Eligible patients will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive olaparib or platinum-based chemotherapy of the investigator's choice. MAJOR ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Eligible patients must have high-grade serous or endometrioid ovarian cancer progressed during or after first-line poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor maintenance therapy and must have undergone secondary cytoreductive surgery. PRIMARY ENDPOINT: The dual primary endpoints will include progression-free survival and progression-free survival 2. Progression-free survival is defined by the investigator using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1 as the time between randomization and progression or death from any cause. Progression-free survival 2 is defined by the investigator using RECIST version 1.1 as the time frame from randomization to the second progression or death from any cause after subsequent treatment. SAMPLE SIZE: Approximately 200 patients will be enrolled in this study. ESTIMATED DATES FOR COMPLETING ACCRUAL AND PRESENTING RESULTS: Enrollment will be completed in 2024. Results will be presented in 2026. TRIAL REGISTRATION: EudraCT 2021-000245-41 NCT05255471.

3.
Life (Basel) ; 11(11)2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34833129

RESUMO

Randomized clinical trials are considered the milestones of clinical research in oncology, and guided the development and approval of new compounds so far. In the last few years, however, molecular and genomic profiling led to a change of paradigm in therapeutic algorithms of many cancer types, with the spread of different biomarker-driven therapies (or targeted therapies). This scenario of "personalized medicine" revolutionized therapeutic strategies and the methodology of the supporting clinical research. New clinical trial designs are emerging to answer to the unmet clinical needs related to the development of these targeted therapies, overcoming the "classical" structure of randomized studies. Innovative trial designs able to evaluate more than one treatment in the same group of patients or many groups of patients with the same treatment (or both) are emerging as a possible future standard in clinical trial methodology. These are identified as "master protocols", and include umbrella, basket and platform trials. In this review, we described the main characteristics of these new trial designs, focusing on the opportunities and limitations of their use in the era of personalized medicine.

5.
BMJ Open ; 11(10): e049128, 2021 10 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34670762

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To measure and explain financial toxicity (FT) of cancer in Italy, where a public healthcare system exists and patients with cancer are not expected (or only marginally) to pay out-of-pocket for healthcare. SETTING: Ten clinical oncological centres, distributed across Italian macroregions (North, Centre, South and Islands), including hospitals, university hospitals and national research institutes. PARTICIPANTS: From 8 October 2019 to 11 December 2019, 184 patients, aged 18 or more, who were receiving or had received within the previous 3 months active anticancer treatment were enrolled, 108 (59%) females and 76 (41%) males. INTERVENTION: A 30-item prefinal questionnaire, previously developed within the qualitative tasks of the project, was administered, either electronically (n=115) or by paper sheet (n=69). PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: According to the protocol and the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research methodology, the final questionnaire was developed by mean of explanatory factor analysis and tested for reliability, internal consistency (Cronbach's α test and item-total correlation) and stability of measurements over time (test-retest reliability by intraclass correlation coefficient and weighted Cohen's kappa coefficient). RESULTS: After exploratory factor analysis, a score measuring FT (FT score) was identified, made by seven items dealing with outcomes of FT. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the FT score was 0.87 and the item-total correlation coefficients ranged from 0.53 to 0.74. Further, nine single items representing possible determinants of FT were also retained in the final instrument. Test-retest analysis revealed a good internal validity of the FT score and of the 16 items retained in the final questionnaire. CONCLUSIONS: The Patient-Reported Outcome for Fighting FInancial Toxicity (PROFFIT) instrument consists of 16 items and is the first reported instrument to assess FT of cancer developed in a country with a fully public healthcare system. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03473379.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Estudos Transversais , Atenção à Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(20)2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34680301

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is a rare, highly lethal disease. In a subset of high grade EOC patients, maintenance therapy with the antiangiogenic drug Bevacizumab (BEV) is a valuable option. To date, no validated predictive or prognostic biomarkers exist for selecting EOC patients that might benefit from BEV treatment. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry and RT-qPCR evaluated the expression of seven angiogenesis-related proteins and of a twelve microRNAs angio-signature in EOC patients, treated in first line with chemotherapy plus BEV (MITO16A/ManGO OV-2 phase IV trial). Centralized statistical analyses assessed the associations between each biomarker, clinical prognostic factors and survival outcomes. RESULTS: High miR-484 expression was associated with longer progression-free and overall survival. Notably, the combined expression of miR-484 and its target VEGFB identified a subset of patients that might mostly benefit from BEV treatment. No other significant correlations were found between the other analyzed biomarkers and patients' survival. The application of a shrinkage procedure to adjust for over-fitting hazard ratio estimates reduced the association significance. CONCLUSIONS: The analysis of angiogenesis related biomarkers in EOC patients homogenously treated with BEV in first line provides novel insight in their prognostic value and suggests that some of them might merit to be tested as predictive markers of drug activity in dedicated randomized trials.

7.
BMJ Open ; 11(9): e052871, 2021 09 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34551954

RESUMO

A wave of new treatments and treatment combinations are becoming available for solid tumours. Trials performed to obtain registration establish a positive benefit-risk but unavoidably leave many questions unanswered on place-in-therapy and the relative efficacy of different treatment sequences. Such limitations create problems in terms of strength of treatment guidelines and reimbursement (in countries where a public payer exists). Data on new drugs arriving during the last 10 years for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma and renal cancer are reported as an example of how the fortunate condition of having new effective treatments may translate into uncertainty regarding the optimal treatment plan. We suggest that academic research should react to such limitations and propose a model of patient-journey study (PJS), where patients are followed from the initial diagnosis across subsequent lines of treatment. A PJS master protocol might include at each node of clinical decision either the possibility of choosing treatment according to guidelines (generating prospective real-world evidence) or the possibility to randomise where uncertainty exists (generating comparative effectiveness data). PJS protocols might be adaptively modified every time a new drug arrives on the market. Overall, methodologically sound analyses of PJS will produce knowledge on the efficacy and the effectiveness of different treatment pathways and might significantly optimise treatment of patients in clinical practice. PJS would represent a jump from a few snapshots (trials performed to get regulatory approval) to a full movie (evidence on the relative value of treatment pathways).


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Incerteza
8.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 31(10): 1348-1355, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34462317

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The use of routine antithrombotic prophylaxis is not recommended for advanced cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. The effect of bevacizumab-containing therapy on the risk of thromboembolic events remains controversial in ovarian cancer patients. We report on the incidence of thromboembolic events and the prevalence of antithrombotic therapy in patients enrolled in the single arm, phase IV, MITO-16A/MaNGO-OV2A trial. METHODS: In this trial, potential prognostic factors for patients with previously untreated ovarian cancer receiving a combination of platinum-based chemotherapy and bevacizumab were explored and the final analysis has already been reported. In this secondary analysis, the occurrence of thromboembolic events and the use of antithrombotic therapy were described according to the clinical characteristics of the patients. The prognostic role of thromboembolic events for progression-free and overall survival were also evaluated. RESULTS: From October 2012 to November 2014, 398 eligible patients were enrolled. 76 patients (19.1%) were receiving some type of anticoagulant or anti-aggregant treatment at baseline. Overall, 24 thromboembolic events were reported (cumulative incidence of 6.0%). The occurrence of thromboembolic events was not associated with baseline patient characteristics and was not modified by the use of antithrombotic prophylaxis (HR 0.60, 95% CI 0.18 to 2.0). Occurrence of thromboembolic events was not associated with progression-free survival (HR 1.34, 95% CI 0.83 to 2.15) or overall survival (HR 0.78, 95% CI 0.37 to 1.61). CONCLUSIONS: In our study, a 6.0% rate of thromboembolic events was reported during treatment with bevacizumab plus chemotherapy. Thromboembolic events were not associated with the clinical characteristics of the patients or with the use of antithrombotic prophylaxis, nor did they significantly affect the long-term prognosis. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01706120.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Tromboembolia/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Bevacizumab/administração & dosagem , Bevacizumab/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
9.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(7): e2118475, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34309665

RESUMO

Importance: Although bevacizumab is a standard of care in combination treatments for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), its clinical benefit has been limited. Objective: To determine whether sequential scheduling of bevacizumab administration in combination with chemotherapy improves treatment efficacy in patients with mCRC, in keeping with the tumor vascular normalization hypothesis. Design, Setting, and Participants: This open-label, randomized clinical phase 3 trial was conducted from May 8, 2012, to December 9, 2015, at 3 Italian centers. Patients aged 18 to 75 years with unresectable, previously untreated, or single line-treated mCRC were recruited. Follow-up was completed December 31, 2019, and data were analyzed from February 26 to July 24, 2020. Interventions: Patients received 12 biweekly cycles of standard oxaliplatin-based regimens (modified FOLFOX-6 [levo-folinic acid, fluorouracil, and oxaliplatin]/modified CAPOX [capecitabine and oxaliplatin]) plus bevacizumab administered either on the same day as chemotherapy (standard arm) or 4 days before chemotherapy (experimental arm). Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end point was the objective response rate (ORR) measured with Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors, version 1.1. Secondary end points included progression-free survival, overall survival, safety, and quality of life (QOL). Results: Overall, 230 patients (136 men [59.1%]; median age, 62.3 [interquartile range, 53.3-67.6] years) were randomly assigned to the standard arm (n = 115) or the experimental arm (n = 115). The median duration of follow-up was 68.3 (95% CI, 61.0-70.0) months. No difference in ORR (57.4% [95% CI, 47.8%-66.6%] in the standard arm and 56.5% [95% CI, 47.0-65.7] in the experimental arm; P = .89) or progression-free survival (10.5 [95% CI, 9.1-12.3] months in the standard arm and 11.7 [95% CI, 9.9-12.9] months in the experimental arm; P = .15) was observed. However, the median overall survival was 29.8 (95% CI, 22.5-41.1) months in the experimental arm compared with 24.1 (95% CI, 18.6-29.8) months in the standard arm (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.54-0.99; P = .04). Moreover, the experimental arm was associated with a significant reduction in the rate of severe diarrhea (6 [5.3%] vs 19 [16.5%]; P = .006) and nausea (2 [1.8%] vs 8 [7.0%]; P = .05) and improved physical functioning (mean [SD] change from baseline, 0.65 [1.96] vs -7.41 [2.95] at 24 weeks; P = .02), and constipation scores (mean [SD] change from baseline, -17.2 [3.73] vs -0.62 [4.44]; P = .003). Conclusions and Relevance: In this randomized clinical trial, sequential administration of bevacizumab plus chemotherapy did not improve ORR, the primary end point. However, the overall survival advantage, fewer adverse effects, and better health-related QOL associated with sequential bevacizumab administration might provide the basis for exploring antiangiogenic combination treatments with innovative perspectives. Trial Registration: EudraCT Identifier: 2011-004997-27; ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01718873.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Bevacizumab/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Oxaliplatina/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Inibidores da Angiogênese/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Bevacizumab/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Diarreia/induzido quimicamente , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Náusea/induzido quimicamente , Metástase Neoplásica , Oxaliplatina/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
10.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 549, 2021 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33985435

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced neutropenia (CIN) has been demonstrated to be a prognostic factor in several cancer conditions. We previously found a significant prognostic value of CIN on overall survival (OS), in a pooled dataset of patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) receiving first line chemotherapy from 1996 to 2001. However, the prognostic role of CIN in NSCLC is still debated. METHODS: We performed a post hoc analysis pooling data prospectively collected in six randomized phase 3 trials in NSCLC conducted from 2002 to 2016. Patients who never started chemotherapy and those for whom toxicity data were missing were excluded. Neutropenia was categorized on the basis of worst grade during chemotherapy: absent (grade 0), mild (grade 1-2), or severe (grade 3-4). The primary endpoint was OS. Multivariable Cox model was applied for statistical analyses. In the primary analysis, a minimum time (landmark) at 180 days from randomization was applied in order to minimize the time-dependent bias. RESULTS: Overall, 1529 patients, who received chemotherapy, were eligible; 572 of them (who received 6 cycles of treatment) represented the landmark population. Severe CIN was reported in 143 (25.0%) patients and mild CIN in 135 (23.6%). At multivariable OS analysis, CIN was significantly predictive of prognosis although its prognostic value was entirely driven by severe CIN (hazard ratio [HR] of death 0.71; 95%CI: 0.53-0.95) while it was not evident with mild CIN (HR 1.21; 95%CI: 0.92-1.58). Consistent results were observed in the out-of-landmark group (including 957 patients), where both severe and mild CIN were significantly associated with a reduced risk of death. CONCLUSION: The pooled analysis of six large trials of NSCLC treatment shows that CIN occurrence is significantly associated with a longer overall survival, particularly in patients developing severe CIN, confirming our previous findings.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neutropenia/induzido quimicamente , Idoso , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutropenia/terapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 31(7): 1031-1036, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33990353

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The role of cytoreductive surgery in the poly-ADP ribose polymerase inhibitors era is not fully investigated. We evaluated the impact of surgery performed prior to platinum-based chemotherapy followed by olaparib maintenance in platinum-sensitive BRCA-mutated recurrent ovarian cancer. METHODS: This retrospective study included platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer BRCA-mutated patients from 13 Multicenter Italian Trials in Ovarian cancer and gynecological malignancies centers treated between September 2015 and May 2019. The primary outcomes were progression-free survival and overall survival. Data on post-progression treatment was also assessed. RESULTS: Among 209 patients, 72 patients (34.5%) underwent cytoreductive surgery followed by platinum-based chemotherapy and olaparib maintenance, while 137 patients (65.5%) underwent chemotherapy treatment alone. After a median follow-up of 37.3 months (95% CI: 33.4 to 40.8), median progression-free survival in the surgery group was not reached, compared with 11 months in patients receiving chemotherapy alone (P<0.001). Median overall survival was nearly double in patients undergoing surgery before chemotherapy (55 vs 28 months, P<0.001). Post-progression therapy was assessed in 127 patients: response rate to chemotherapy was 29.2%, 8.8%, and 9.0% in patients with platinum-free interval >12 months, between 6 and 12 months, and <6 months, respectively. CONCLUSION: Cytoreductive surgery performed before platinum therapy and olaparib maintenance was associated with longer progression-free survival and overall survival in BRCA-mutated platinum-sensitive relapsed ovarian cancer patients. In accordance with our preliminary results, the response rate to chemotherapy given after progression during olaparib was associated with platinum-free interval.


Assuntos
Proteína BRCA1/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína BRCA2/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/tratamento farmacológico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Ftalazinas/uso terapêutico , Piperazinas/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Ftalazinas/farmacologia , Piperazinas/farmacologia , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/farmacologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 31(6): 875-882, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33931498

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical and biological prognostic factors for advanced ovarian cancer patients receiving first-line treatment with carboplatin, paclitaxel, and bevacizumab. METHODS: A multicenter, phase IV, single arm trial was performed. Patients with advanced (FIGO (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics) stage IIIB-IV) or recurrent, previously untreated, ovarian cancer received carboplatin (AUC (area under the curve) 5), paclitaxel (175 mg/m2) plus bevacizumab (15 mg/kg) on day 1 for six 3-weekly cycles followed by bevacizumab single agent (15 mg/kg) until progression or unacceptable toxicity up to a maximum of 22 total cycles. Here we report the final analysis on the role of clinical prognostic factors. The study had 80% power with a two-tailed 0.01 α error to detect a 0.60 hazard ratio with a factor expressed in at least 20% of the population. Both progression-free and overall survival were used as endpoints. RESULTS: From October 2012 to November 2014, 398 eligible patients were treated. After a median follow-up of 32.3 months (IQR 24.1-40.4), median progression-free survival was 20.8 months (95% CI 19.1 to 22.0) and median overall survival was 41.1 months (95% CI 39.1 to 43.5). Clinical factors significantly predicting progression-free and overall survival were performance status, stage, and residual disease after primary surgery. Neither baseline blood pressure/antihypertensive treatment nor the development of hypertension during bevacizumab were prognostic. There were two deaths possibly related to treatment, but no unexpected safety signal was reported. CONCLUSIONS: Efficacy and safety of bevacizumab in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel and as maintenance were comparable to previous data. Hypertension, either at baseline or developed during treatment, was not prognostic. Performance status, stage, and residual disease after primary surgery remain the most important clinical prognostic factors. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: EudraCT 2012-003043-29; NCT01706120.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Carboplatina/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/tratamento farmacológico , Paclitaxel/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Bevacizumab/farmacologia , Carboplatina/farmacologia , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão
13.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 31(1): 110-113, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32796087

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy with carboplatin, paclitaxel, and bevacizumab is the standard therapy for patients with advanced stage ovarian cancer wild-type BRCA after primary surgery. The most frequent side effects of bevacizumab in this setting are hypertension, thrombosis, hemorrhage, and proteinuria, while arthralgia has been poorly described. OBJECTIVE: To examine the incidence, duration, and reversibility of arthralgia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed to describe the occurrence and outcome of arthralgia in 114 patients with advanced ovarian cancer, given first-line treatment with a combination of carboplatin, paclitaxel, and bevacizumab. Statistical analysis was performed to investigate a possible prognostic role of arthralgia, with progression-free survival as endpoint. RESULTS: 47 of 114 patients (41%) developed arthralgia during therapy. All patients had grade 1 or grade 2 arthralgia. Toxicity persisted after the end of bevacizumab in 17/47 patients (36%). Median progression-free survival for patients without arthralgia was 18 months (95% CI 14 to 24) compared with 29 months (95% CI 21 to not reached) for patients experiencing arthralgia (p=0.03). In order to avoid possible biases related to treatment duration, a multivariable Cox proportional hazards model including toxicity as a time dependent variable and age, stage, and residual disease after primary surgery was performed. In this model no variable showed a statistically significant association with progression-free survival. CONCLUSION: A high incidence of arthralgia (41%) was found and although rogression-free survival was worse for those patients who developed arthralgia, this was not maintained on multivariate analysis. Guidelines for treatment of this adverse event are needed.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Artralgia/induzido quimicamente , Bevacizumab/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Artralgia/imunologia , Bevacizumab/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Zoonoses Public Health ; 68(1): 29-37, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33164335

RESUMO

Trichinellosis is a zoonotic disease due to the ingestion of raw or undercooked meat from animals infected with the larvae of nematodes belonging to the genus Trichinella. In January-February 2015, an outbreak of trichinellosis occurred in Genoa, Northern Italy. The epidemiological link was traced back to a dinner served at an agritourism farm on 31 December 2014, where a majority of the 52 guests had consumed the 'beef' steak tartare. The source of infection was not traced; however, it was noted that the amount of beef purchased officially for providing at the dinner did not correspond with that served, suggesting that meat of a different origin had been added to the beef to prepare the steak tartare. Clinical and laboratory data of 30 individuals out of the 52 (57.7%), of which four were hospitalized, were consistent with that of the case definition of trichinellosis. Western blot patterns of the sera from patients with confirmed trichinellosis were similar to the diagnostic pattern identified for the reference sera of Trichinella pseudospiralis but different from those of the control sera tested for patients infected with Trichinella spiralis and Trichinella britovi. Identification of T. pseudospiralis as the aetiological agent responsible for the outbreak of trichinellosis using an indirect tool represents an advancement in the epidemiological investigation of this zoonotic disease.


Assuntos
Surtos de Doenças , Parasitologia de Alimentos , Trichinella spiralis , Triquinelose/parasitologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Albendazol/uso terapêutico , Animais , Anti-Helmínticos/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Western Blotting , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Culinária , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisolona/uso terapêutico , Carne Vermelha/parasitologia , Triquinelose/diagnóstico , Triquinelose/tratamento farmacológico , Triquinelose/epidemiologia , Zoonoses
15.
Support Care Cancer ; 29(6): 3219-3233, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33094357

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This paper illustrates a conceptual model for a new patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) aimed at measuring financial toxicity (FT) in oncological setting in Italy, where citizens are provided universal healthcare coverage. METHODS: Focus groups with overall 34 patients/caregivers in three different Italian centers (from Northern, Centre, and Southern Italy) and an open-ended survey with 97 medical oncologists were undertaken. Transcripts from focus groups and the open-ended survey were analyzed to identify themes and links between themes. Themes from the qualitative research were supplemented with those reported in the literature; concepts identified formed the basis for item development that were then tested through the importance analysis (with 45 patients) and the cognitive debriefing (with other 45 patients) to test relevance and comprehension of the first draft PRO instrument. RESULTS: Ten domains were extracted by analyzing 156 concepts generated from focus groups and the open-ended survey. After controlling for redundancy, 55 items were generated and tested through the importance analysis. After controlling comprehension and feasibility through cognitive debriefing interviews, a first version of the questionnaire consisting of 30 items was devised. CONCLUSIONS: This qualitative study represents the first part of a study conducted to develop a new PROM to assess FT in Italy, by using a bottom-up approach that makes the most of patients' experiences and the health system analysis. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov NCT03473379 first posted on March 22, 2018.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/economia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Assistência de Saúde Universal , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Masculino , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
J Transl Med ; 18(1): 405, 2020 10 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33087150

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tocilizumab blocks pro-inflammatory activity of interleukin-6 (IL-6), involved in pathogenesis of pneumonia the most frequent cause of death in COVID-19 patients. METHODS: A multicenter, single-arm, hypothesis-driven trial was planned, according to a phase 2 design, to study the effect of tocilizumab on lethality rates at 14 and 30 days (co-primary endpoints, a priori expected rates being 20 and 35%, respectively). A further prospective cohort of patients, consecutively enrolled after the first cohort was accomplished, was used as a secondary validation dataset. The two cohorts were evaluated jointly in an exploratory multivariable logistic regression model to assess prognostic variables on survival. RESULTS: In the primary intention-to-treat (ITT) phase 2 population, 180/301 (59.8%) subjects received tocilizumab, and 67 deaths were observed overall. Lethality rates were equal to 18.4% (97.5% CI: 13.6-24.0, P = 0.52) and 22.4% (97.5% CI: 17.2-28.3, P < 0.001) at 14 and 30 days, respectively. Lethality rates were lower in the validation dataset, that included 920 patients. No signal of specific drug toxicity was reported. In the exploratory multivariable logistic regression analysis, older age and lower PaO2/FiO2 ratio negatively affected survival, while the concurrent use of steroids was associated with greater survival. A statistically significant interaction was found between tocilizumab and respiratory support, suggesting that tocilizumab might be more effective in patients not requiring mechanical respiratory support at baseline. CONCLUSIONS: Tocilizumab reduced lethality rate at 30 days compared with null hypothesis, without significant toxicity. Possibly, this effect could be limited to patients not requiring mechanical respiratory support at baseline. Registration EudraCT (2020-001110-38); clinicaltrials.gov (NCT04317092).


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , COVID-19 , Estudos de Coortes , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Uso Off-Label , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos de Validação como Assunto
17.
Contemp Clin Trials Commun ; 20: 100665, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043164

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tocilizumab, an IL-6 receptor antagonist, was suggested as a possible treatment of severe or critical COVID-19 pneumonia in a small Chinese study. The TOCIVID-19 trial evaluates efficacy and tolerability of tocilizumab in the treatment of patients with severe or critical COVID-19 pneumonia. METHODS: TOCIVID-19 is an academic multicenter, single-arm, open-label, phase 2 study. All the patients are being offered a single shot of 8 mg/kg of Tocilizumab (up to a maximum of 800 mg), with an eventual second administration at the discretion of the Investigator. A companion prospective cohort, added to corroborate internal validity, includes either patients not eligible for phase 2 or subjects eligible for phase 2 but exceeding the planned sample size. 14- and 30-days lethality rates are the two co-primary endpoints in the intention-to-treat (ITT) population. Secondary objectives are to evaluate mortality and clinical improvement in the modified-ITT population of subjects who received the drug. Details of the methodological and statistical approaches are reported here reflecting the amendments impelled by the continuously increasing knowledge on COVID-19 progression and challenges in data collection. CONCLUSION: This paper provides details of planned statistical analyses for TOCIVID19 trial to reduce the risk of reporting bias and increase validity of the study findings.TOCIVID-19 trial is registered in the EudraCT database with number 2020-001110-38 and in clinicaltrials.gov with ID NCT04317092.

18.
Contemp Clin Trials ; 98: 106165, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031955

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is the most frequent complication of COVID-19, due to an aberrant host immune response that is associated with an acute respiratory distress syndrome, and, in most critical patients, with a "cytokine storm". IL-6 might play a key role in the cytokine storm and might be a potential target to treat severe and critical COVID-19. Tocilizumab is a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody, directed against IL-6 receptor. METHODS: This multicentre study project includes a single-arm phase 2 study and a further parallel cohort, enrolling hospitalized patients with COVID-19 pneumonia and oxygen saturation at rest in ambient air ≤93% or requiring respiratory support. Patients receive tocilizumab 8 mg/kg (up to 800 mg) as one intravenous administration. A second administration (same dose) after 12 h is optional. Two-week and one-month lethality rates are the co-primary endpoints. Sample size planned for the phase 2 study is 330 patients. The parallel cohort will include patients who cannot enter the phase 2 study because being intubated from more than 24 h, or having already received tocilizumab, or the phase 2 study has reached sample size. Primary analysis will include patients enrolled in the phase 2 study. Results of the primary analysis will be validated in the prospective cohort of patients consecutively registered after phase 2 closure from March 20 to March 24, who were potentially eligible for the phase 2 study. CONCLUSION: This trial aims to verify the safety and efficacy of tocilizumab in the Italian population with COVID-19 pneumonia and respiratory impairment. EudraCT Number: 2020-001110-38; Clinicaltrials.gov ID NCT04317092.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , COVID-19 , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina , Pneumonia Viral , Receptores de Interleucina-6/antagonistas & inibidores , Administração Intravenosa , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/fisiopatologia , COVID-19/terapia , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/etiologia , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/imunologia , Esquema de Medicação , Monitoramento de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Fatores Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Gynecol Oncol ; 156(1): 38-44, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699415

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Olaparib is approved as maintenance therapy in patients with BRCA mutated platinum sensitive (PS) recurrent ovarian cancer (OC) after response to last platinum based therapy. Few data are available regarding the use out of the registration trials and on response to further treatments after progression. MATERIALS AD METHODS: In this non interventional, retrospective study, patients treated with olaparib in 13 centers, according to the label, have been collected and analyzed. Primary objectives of the study are to describe effectiveness and safety of olaparib in a real world setting with a focus on post progression treatments and response. RESULTS: 234 patients were analyzed. All patients were BRCA mutated and most of them had germline mutations. Around 50% of the patients received olaparib after 3 or more lines of platinum based chemotherapy achieving a radiologic complete (CR) or partial response. 12.4% patients with stable disease were also included. Median PFS was 14.7 months (95% CI:12.6-18), with statistically longer PFS in patients with normal serum Ca125 at baseline, a CR after last platinum based therapy and that received olaparib after second platinum based therapy. Median OS was not reached. Most frequent G3-G4 toxicity was anaemia (6%) with dose discontinuation and dose reduction in 11 (4.7%) and 49 (20.9%) of cases, respectively. Among 66 patients receiving further treatment after olaparib progression and evaluable for response, ORR was 22.2, 11.1% and 9.5% in patients with Platinum Free interval (PFI) of more than 12 months, between 6 and 12 months and less than 6 months, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Olaparib is effective and safe in real world setting. Data on post-progression treatments seem to suggest cross resistance with chemotherapy and need to be confirmed in larger studies because of the potential importance in clinical practice decisions.


Assuntos
Proteína BRCA1/genética , Proteína BRCA2/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Ftalazinas/administração & dosagem , Piperazinas/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Genes BRCA1 , Genes BRCA2 , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Manutenção , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Compostos Organoplatínicos/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Clin J Sport Med ; 30(5): 465-469, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30365469

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study estimates the prevalence of allergic diseases in a group of Italian elite mountain bikers, compares the prevalence of infectious episodes between allergic and nonallergic athletes, and evaluates asthma and rhinitis symptom control in allergic athletes. DESIGN: Two hundred twenty-six Italian nonsmoking mountain bikers received by mail the Allergy Questionnaire for Athletes (AQUA) and completed it. The RhinAsthma Patient Perspective (RAPP) questionnaire was sent to the 108 participants with a positive AQUA score and 104 returned the questionnaire. METHODS: Athletes with an AQUA score ≥5 or <5 were defined AQUA+ (allergic) or AQUA- (nonallergic), respectively. RhinAsthma Patient Perspective questionnaire total score ≥15 was indicative of a poor control of symptoms. RESULTS: Of the 226 athletes, 47.8% were AQUA+, whereas 52.2% were AQUA-. A higher number of AQUA+ athletes reported frequent upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) and herpes labialis than AQUA- athletes (P < 0.001), and the prevalence of URTI was greater in the subgroup of AQUA+ athletes who trained ≥3 hours per session. According to RAPP questionnaire score, 21.1% of AQUA+ mountain bikers had a poor control of asthma and rhinitis symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows a high prevalence of allergy among Italian elite mountain bikers whose asthma and rhinitis symptoms are poorly controlled in about a fifth of the sample. Allergic athletes, mainly those training more than 3 hours per session, are at higher risk of URTI and herpes labialis. Screening programs to detect allergic diseases and to evaluate symptom control in athletes should be strongly encouraged.


Assuntos
Atletas/estatística & dados numéricos , Ciclismo/estatística & dados numéricos , Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Adulto , Asma/prevenção & controle , Ciclismo/fisiologia , Feminino , Herpes Labial/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade/prevenção & controle , Itália , Masculino , Esforço Físico/fisiologia , Prevalência , Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia , Rinite Alérgica/prevenção & controle , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Tempo
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