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1.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; : 2048872619883619, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657616

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The European Society of Cardiology's 0/1-hour algorithm improves the early triage of patients towards "rule-out" or "rule-in" of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. The HEART score is a risk stratification tool for patients with undifferentiated chest pain. We sought to evaluate the performance of the European Society of Cardiology 0/1-hour algorithm and the HEART score to evaluate chest pain patients in the emergency department. METHODS: In this prospective study, we applied the European Society of Cardiology 0/1-hour algorithm and the HEART score in 1355 consecutive patients who presented to the emergency department with symptoms suggestive of acute coronary syndrome without ST-segment elevation. Patients were followed for non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions and major adverse cardiac events at 30 days: death, non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, or unplanned coronary revascularization. RESULTS: The European Society of Cardiology 0/1-hour algorithm classified 921 (68.0%) patients as "rule-out" and the HEART score classified 686 (50.6%) patients as "low-risk". The 30-day incidence of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions was 0.32% in the European Society of Cardiology 0/1-hour algorithm "rule-out" patients versus 0.29% in the HEART score "low-risk" patients (p=0.75). The rate of major adverse cardiac events was 7.7% in the European Society of Cardiology 0/1-hour algorithm "rule-out" patients versus 1.1% in the HEART score "low-risk" patients (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The European Society of Cardiology 0/1-hour algorithm identified more patients with low risk of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions at 30 days whereas for major adverse cardiac events, the HEART score had a greater capacity to detect low-risk patients.

2.
Rev. argent. cardiol ; 86(5): 15-24, oct. 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1003219

RESUMO

RESUMEN Introducción: El score HEART consiste en una prueba sencilla que fue diseñada para estratificar a los pacientes que consultan al servicio de emergencias por dolor torácico, según su riesgo de presentar un síndrome coronario agudo a corto plazo. Fue creado inicialmente con troponina de cuarta generación, pero el advenimiento de la troponina de alta sensibilidad impuso su incorporación al score y la reevaluación de su comportamiento. Objetivo: Nos propusimos evaluar el comportamiento del score HEART con troponina de alta sensibilidad. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo que incluyó 1464 pacientes (p) que consultaron al servicio de emergencia por dolor torácico y que tenían electrocardiograma sin elevación del segmento ST. Se evaluó la incidencia de MACE (combinado de infarto agudo de miocardio, muerte y revascularización) a 30 días. Resultados: El índice clasificó 739 pacientes (50,5 %) como de bajo riesgo, 515 pacientes (35,2%) de riesgo intermedio y 210 pacientes (14,3%) de alto riesgo. La incidencia de la combinación de infarto agudo de miocardio, muerte y revascularización fue del 1,35% en el primer grupo; del 20%, en el segundo; y del 71%, en el tercero (long rank test p < 0,001). El área bajo la curva global para la combinación de infarto agudo de miocardio, muerte y revascularización fue de 0,91 (0,89-0,93). Conclusiones: El score HEART que utiliza troponina de alta sensibilidad tiene una gran capacidad para clasificar pacientes con dolor torácico de acuerdo con su riesgo de presentar eventos cardiovasculares en el corto plazo.

3.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 39(6): 588-91, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27000950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High-sensitivity cardiac troponin assays have provided a significant contribution for the early diagnosis of cardiovascular events. However, elevated cardiac troponin levels may occur in other clinical situations as supraventricular tachyarrhythmias with concerns about the mechanism of this elevation. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: The goal of this study was to describe the performance of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) assay in patients presenting to the emergency department with a primary diagnosis of supraventricular tachyarrhythmia and to evaluate its relation with cardiovascular events during follow-up. RESULTS: One hundred patients were included; mean age was 64 ± 12 years and 59.8% were men. The most common arrhythmia at admission was atrial fibrillation (68%), followed by atrial flutter (16%) and reentrant tachycardia (16%). The results of the first determination of hs-cTnT were positive (>14 ng/L) in 44.2% of the patients and the second determination was positive in 50.7% of the cases. The variation between the first and the second troponin levels was 1 (0-5) ng/L, and was >7 ng/L in 24.6% of the cases, with a clear trend toward higher troponin values in reentrant tachycardias. Four events were reported at 30 days; in all the cases the patients had presented atrial fibrillation and there were no significant differences in hs-cTnT values. CONCLUSIONS: There are a significant number of patients with supraventricular tachyarrhythmias who present elevated hs-cTnT levels. The association of this elevation with cardiovascular events seems to be very low.


Assuntos
Taquicardia Supraventricular/sangue , Troponina/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
4.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 38(2): 196-200, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25469647

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vernakalant is an available drug for the treatment of recent-onset atrial fibrillation, producing conversion between 55% and 87% of the patients treated. In this sense, little is known about the predictors of conversion with this agent. The aim of our study was to analyze the predictors of conversion in our 2-year experience using vernakalant for the treatment of recent-onset atrial fibrillation. METHODS: One hundred twenty-one patients with recent-onset atrial fibrillation without hemodynamic impairment received pharmacological treatment with vernakalant. Clinical variables, history of cardiovascular diseases, and echocardiographic data were recorded. RESULTS: Mean age was 58.1 ± 13.9 years and 13.4% of patients had structural heart disease. Conversion to sinus rhythm was achieved in 84.5% of patients, and 46% required the second dose of vernakalant. After analyzing the predictors of conversion, the presence of structural heart disease was significantly larger in the group without conversion (35.3 vs 9.7%; P = 0.02). The mean ejection fraction in the group with conversion was 61.05 ± 5.7% versus 54.9 ± 8.4% in the group without conversion (P = 0.016). After dichotomizing the variable ejection fraction, patients with ejection fraction <55% had a lower conversion rate (P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: In our study, the absence of any kind of structural heart disease and preserved systolic function were associated with greater conversion rate with vernakalant.


Assuntos
Anisóis/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Pirrolidinas/uso terapêutico , Antiarrítmicos/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Resultado do Tratamento
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