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1.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 18258, 2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33106578

RESUMO

A universal characterization of non-Markovianity for any open hybrid quantum systems is presented. This formulation is based on the negativity volume of the generalized Wigner function, which serves as an indicator of the quantum correlations in any composite quantum systems. It is shown, that the proposed measure can be utilized for any single or multi-partite quantum system, containing any discrete or continuous variables. To demonstrate its power in revealing non-Markovianity in such quantum systems, we additionally consider a few illustrative examples.

2.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 5090, 2019 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30911031

RESUMO

We investigate the performance of a certain nonclassicality identifier, expressed via integrated second-order intensity moments of optical fields, in revealing bipartite entanglement of quantum-optical frequency combs (QOFCs), which are generated in both spontaneous and stimulated parametric down-conversion processes. We show that, by utilizing that nonclassicality identifier, one can well identify the entanglement of the QOFC directly from the experimentally measured intensity moments without invoking any state reconstruction techniques or homodyne detection. Moreover, we demonstrate that the stimulated generation of the QOFC improves the entanglement detection of these fields with the nonclassicality identifier. Additionally, we show that the nonclassicality identifier can be expressed in a factorized form of detectors quantum efficiencies and the number of modes, if the QOFC consists of many copies of the same two-mode twin beam. As an example, we apply the nonclassicality identifier to two specific types of QOFC, where: (i) the QOFC consists of many independent two-mode twin beams with non-overlapped spatial frequency modes, and (ii) the QOFC contains entangled spatial frequency modes which are completely overlapped, i.e., each mode is entangled with all the remaining modes in the system. We show that, in both cases, the nonclassicality identifier can reveal bipartite entanglement of the QOFC including noise, and that it becomes even more sensitive for the stimulated processes.

3.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 16955, 2018 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30446703

RESUMO

In a recent paper, Tilma, Everitt et al. derived a generalized Wigner function that can characterize both the discrete and continuous variable states, i.e., hybrid states. As such, one can expect that the negativity of the generalized Wigner function applied to the hybrid states can reveal their nonclassicality, in analogy with the well-known Wigner function defined for the continuous variable states. In this work, we demonstrate that, indeed, the negativity volume of the generalized Wigner function of the hybrid bipartite states can be used as an entanglement witness for such states, provided that it exceeds a certain critical value. In particular, we study hybrid bipartite qubit-bosonic states and provide a qubit-Schrödinger cat state as an example. Since the detection of the generalized Wigner function of hybrid bipartite states in phase space can be experimentally simpler than the tomographic reconstruction of the corresponding density matrix, our results, therefore, present a convenient tool in the entanglement identification of such states.

4.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 15209, 2018 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30315175

RESUMO

We analyze the controlled teleportation protocol through three-qubit mixed states. In particular, we investigate the relation between the faithfulness of the controlled teleportation scheme and entanglement. While our knowledge concerning controlled teleportation and entanglement in pure states is well established, for mixed states it is considerably much harder task and very little has been done in this field. Here, we present counterintuitive results that provide a new light on controlled teleportation protocol. It is shown that even mixed biseparable states are useful for this protocol along with genuine entangled three-qubit states.

5.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 8575, 2018 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29855485

RESUMO

A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.

6.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 6994, 2018 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29712946

RESUMO

A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has not been fixed in the paper.

7.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 1460, 2018 01 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29362441

RESUMO

Different non-classicality criteria expressed in the form of inequalities among intensity moments and elements of photon-number distributions are applied to noisy twin beams and other two-mode states obtained from a twin beam by using a beam splitter. Their performance in revealing the non-classicality is judged in comparison with the exact results provided by suitable entanglement and local non-classicality quantifiers. Whereas the non-classicality of noisy twin beams is always revealed by these criteria, not all the nonclassical states obtained at the output of the beam splitter can be identified by these experimentally easily reachable criteria.

8.
Sci Rep ; 6: 33802, 2016 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27658508

RESUMO

Multipartite entanglement and nonclassicality of four-mode Gaussian states generated in two simultaneous nonlinear processes involving parametric down-conversion and frequency up-conversion are analyzed assuming the vacuum as the initial state. Suitable conditions for the generation of highly entangled states are found. Transfer of the entanglement from the down-converted modes into the up-converted ones is also suggested. The analysis of the whole set of states reveals that sub-shot-noise intensity correlations between the equally-populated down-converted modes, as well as the equally-populated up-converted modes, uniquely identify entangled states. They represent a powerful entanglement identifier also in other cases with arbitrarily populated modes.

9.
Sci Rep ; 6: 26523, 2016 05 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27210547

RESUMO

We introduce a new quantity for describing nonclassicality of an arbitrary optical two-mode Gaussian state which remains invariant under any global photon-number preserving unitary transformation of the covariance matrix of the state. The invariant naturally splits into an entanglement monotone and local-nonclassicality quantifiers applied to the reduced states. This shows how entanglement can be converted into local squeezing and vice versa. Twin beams and their transformations at a beam splitter are analyzed as an example providing squeezed light. An extension of this approach to pure three-mode Gaussian states is given.

10.
Opt Express ; 24(26): 29496-29505, 2016 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28059336

RESUMO

Nonclassicality criteria based on intensity moments and derived from the usual matrix approach are compared to those provided by the majorization theory. The majorization theory is shown to give a greater number of more suitable nonclassicality criteria. Fifteen experimentally useful criteria of the majorization theory containing the intensity moments up to the fifth order are identified. Their performance is experimentally demonstrated on the set of eleven potentially nonclassical states generated from a twin beam by postselection based on detecting a given number of photocounts in one arm by using an iCCD camera.

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