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1.
Dalton Trans ; 2020 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32319491

RESUMO

Single-crystal-to-single-crystal post-synthetic modifications (PSMs) of Lanthanide Organic Frameworks (LOFs) {[Ln2(H2L)3(DMF)4]·2DMF}n (Ln = Gd, 1 and Eu, 2; H4L = 2,5-dihydroxyterephthalic acid; DMF = dimethylformamide), carried out by treatment with (a) chloroform or (b) an imidazole solution in chloroform, yielded respectively isostructural {[Ln2(H2L)3(DMF)4]·CHCl3}n (Ln = Gd, 3; Eu, 4) or {[Ln2(H2L)3(Im)4][Ln2(H2L)3(Im)2(H2O)2]·6Im·2CHCl3}n (Ln = Gd, 5; Eu, 6). Single crystal X-ray diffraction studies of 5 showed two different regularly alternating dimeric units in the LOF and two regularly alternating cavities with different guest molecules. All compounds revert to the parent LOF, 1 or 2, when treated with DMF at 90 °C for 8 h. Europium-LOFs (2, 4 and 6) showed a faint red emission that progressively gained intensity upon cooling from RT to liquid nitrogen temperature. This behaviour was exploited to develop a family of luminescent thermometers whose characteristics were affected by the structural and coordinative modifications induced by PSMs.

2.
ACS Omega ; 4(2): 4192-4205, 2019 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31459629

RESUMO

Novel silver(I), gold(I), and palladium(II) complexes were synthesized with bidentate heteroditopic carbene ligands that combine an imidazol-2-ylidene (nNHC) with a 1,2,3-triazol-5-ylidene (tzNHC) connected by a propylene bridge. The silver(I) and gold(I) complexes were dinuclear species, [M2(nNHC-tzNHC)2](PF6)2 (M = Ag or Au), with the two bidentate ligands bridging the metal centers, whereas in the palladium(II) complex [Pd(nNHC-tzNHC)2](PF6)2, the two ligands were chelated on the same metal center. Because of the presence of two different carbene units, isomers were observed for the gold(I) and palladium(II) complexes. The molecular structures of the head-to-tail isomer for gold(I) complexes, with a twisted or folded-syn conformation of the bridge between the carbene units, were determined by X-ray diffraction analysis. The study was completed with a systematic structural investigation through density functional theory (DFT) calculations. For palladium(II) species, the head-to-head form was structurally characterized. The dinuclear gold(I) complexes were emissive in the solid state in the blue region (PLQY up to 8%); time-dependent density functional theory (abbreviated as TD-DFT) calculations disclosed that the absorption bands have metal-to-ligand-charge-transfer character and evidenced that the emission occurs from the T1 level (phosphorescence).

3.
Molecules ; 24(12)2019 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31234368

RESUMO

The synthesis of heterobimetallic complexes remains a synthetic challenge in the field of organometallic chemistry. A possible approach in this regard might be the use of a bidentate heteroditopic bis(carbene) ligand that combines an imidazol-2-ylidene (nNHC) with a 1,2,3-triazol-5-ylidene (tzNHC) connected by an organic spacer. The optimized strategy to heterobimetallic complexes with this type of ligand involves a 3-step procedure: (i) Coordination of the nNHC, functionalized with a 1,2,3-triazole ring, to a metal center; (ii) formation of the triazolium ring by alkylation of the triazole N-3; (iii) deprotonation of the tzNHC precursor and coordination of the second metal center. Following this procedure, a novel Au(I)-Ag(I) dinuclear complex was isolated and its properties were compared to the analogous homobimetallic Ag(I)-Ag(I) and Au(I)-Au(I) complexes. The study was completed by the determination of the molecular structures of some synthetic intermediates.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Ouro/química , Metano/análogos & derivados , Prata/química , Alquilação , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Compostos Heterocíclicos/química , Imidazóis/química , Ligantes , Metano/química , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Triazóis/química
4.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 6441, 2019 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31015564

RESUMO

The ability to tune and enhance the properties of luminescent materials is essential for enlarging their application potential. Recently, the modulation of the photoluminescence emission of lanthanide-doped ferroelectric perovskites by applying an electric field has been reported. Herein, we show that the ferroelectric order and, more generally the polar order, has a direct effect on the photoluminescence of Eu3+ in the model BaZrxTi1-xO3 perovskite even in the absence of an external field. The dipole arrangement evolves with increasing x from long-range ferroelectric order to short-range order typical of relaxors until the non-polar paraelectric BaZrO3 is achieved. The cooperative polar interactions existing in the lattice (x < 1) promote the off-center displacement of the Eu3+ ion determining a change of the lanthanide site symmetry and, consequently, an abrupt variation of the photoluminescence emission with temperature. Each type of polar order is characterized by a distinct photoluminescence behaviour.

5.
Dalton Trans ; 47(35): 12079-12084, 2018 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30019732

RESUMO

We report the design and synthesis of a Cu(ii) metallocycle (1) and use the possibility to expand the Cu(ii) coordination sphere to self-assemble mechanically interlocked species via interpenetration. Metallocycle 1 can be used as a platform to reversibly assemble a 1D + 1D → 1D coordination-driven polyrotaxane (3), where 1 acts as the hosting ring as well as the stopper, and 4,4'-bipyridine is the guest-axle. A coordinating solvent can substitute the 4,4'-bipyridine axle to disassemble the polyrotaxane (3 → 2) that is easily restored by further adding 4,4'-bipyridine (2 → 3). Other polyrotaxanes can be isolated by reacting 1 with pyridine (4) and phenylpyridine (5). Interconversion among the presented species is demonstrated and ensured by the open position of each copper center in platform 1.

6.
Dalton Trans ; 47(25): 8337-8345, 2018 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29896583

RESUMO

Heterotopic divergent ligand N-oxide-4,4'-bipyridine (bipyMO) has been herein exploited for the preparation of hetero-bimetallic coordination polymers where Ln(hfac)3 and M(hfac)2 nodes regularly alternate (Hhfac = 1,1,1,5,5,5-hexafluoro-2,4-pentanedione), bipyMO being able to selectively use its two potential coordination sites to discriminate the metal ions. The synthesis of three coordination polymers, [Ln(hfac)3M(hfac)2(bipyMO)2]n (Ln = Eu, M = Zn, 1; Ln = Eu, M = Cu, 2, Ln = Dy, M = Co, 3), was carried out by reacting the appropriate [M(hfac)2(bipyMO)]n and [Ln(hfac)3] precursors in toluene in the presence of a given stoichiometric amount of bipyMO. The products were characterized by elemental analysis, X-ray powder diffraction, and FTIR spectroscopy. Single crystal X-ray diffraction studies carried out on 2 showed that it was formed by chains containing the hexa-coordinated 3d metal (Cu(hfac)2[N]2) and the octa-coordinated lanthanide (Eu(hfac)3[O]2) nodes, where [N] and [O] stand for the donor atom of the bridging divergent ligand. The X-ray powder diffraction patterns of the three compounds and the comparison of their cell constant values allowed establishing that the derivatives were isotypic. Photoluminescence (PL) studies on microcrystalline sample powders evidenced a bright red emission for 1 with an absolute PL quantum yield of 0.24. The sensitized emission of Eu3+ can be excited in a wide wavelength range, from UV to visible, up to ≈450 nm. Conversely, europium emissions are not detectable in 2 due to the presence of Cu(hfac)2(bipyMO) moieties whose strong absorption overlaps Eu3+ transitions. Magnetic measurements conducted on 3 revealed the presence of a weak ferromagnetic interaction below 2.1 K. An ac susceptibility study highlighted a slow relaxation of the magnetization of 3 with an applied static magnetic field of 0.1 T, which could be equally fitted with a Orbach-direct or a Raman-direct mechanism. No relaxation dynamics was detected without the application of a static magnetic field.

7.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 8(24): 5981-5986, 2017 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29188716

RESUMO

Hybrid organic/inorganic perovskite nanoparticles (NPs) have garnered remarkable research attention because of their promising photophysical properties. New and interesting properties emerge after combining perovskite NPs with semiconducting materials. Here, we report the synthesis and investigation of a composite material obtained by mixing CH3NH3PbBr3 nanocrystals with the semiconducting polymer poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT). By the combination of structural techniques and optical and magnetic spectroscopies we observed multiple effects of the perovskite NPs on the P3HT: (i) an enlargement of P3HT crystalline domains, (ii) a strong p-doping of the P3HT, and (iii) an enhancement of interchain order typical of H-aggregates. These observations open a new avenue toward innovative perovskite NP-based applications.

8.
Inorg Chem ; 56(12): 7010-7018, 2017 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28541688

RESUMO

We describe a new organic/inorganic material emitting circularly polarized luminescence (CPL). The hybrid system was obtained by the following steps: (i) preliminary grafting of the europium N,N-dibutylcarbamate [Eu(O2CNBu2)3] complex onto silica, (ii) substitution of the residual carbamato groups with anionic 1,3-diphenyl-1,3-propanedionato ligands (dbm), and (iii) subsequent introduction of the neutral tridentate chiral ligand 2,6-bis(isopropyl-2-oxazolin-2-yl)pyridine (iPr-PyBox) in the metal coordination sphere. The solid material is stable to air and does not leach either the metal or the ligand. Samples of both enantiomers have been studied, showing mirror-image CPL spectra. The molecular compounds [Eu(dbm)3-(S)-(iPr-PyBox)] and [Eu(dbm)3-(R)-(iPr-PyBox)] were prepared for comparison purposes and their molecular structures studied by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, showing mononuclear derivatives with a coordination number of 9 for europium. Powder X-ray diffraction showed a single crystalline phase. Photoluminescence and CPL evidenced the presence of a single emitting species.

9.
J Am Chem Soc ; 139(5): 2060-2069, 2017 02 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28088858

RESUMO

We describe the synthesis, computational analysis, photophysics, electrochemistry and electrochemiluminescence (ECL) of a series of compounds formed of two triphenylamines linked by a fluorene or spirobifluorene bridge. The phenylamine moieties were modified at the para-position of the two external rings by electron-withdrawing or electron-donating substituents. These modifications allowed for fine-tuning of the photoluminescence (PL) and ECL emission from blue to green, with an overall wavelength span of 73 (PL) and 67 (ECL) nm, respectively. For all compounds, we observed a very high PL quantum yield (79-89%) and formation of stable radical ions. The ECL properties were investigated by direct annihilation of the electrogenerated radical anion and radical cation. The radical-ion annihilation process is very efficient and causes an intense greenish-blue ECL emission, easily observable even by naked eye, with quantum yield higher than the standard 9,10-diphenylanthracene. The ECL spectra show one single band that almost matches the PL band. Because the energy of the annihilation reaction is higher than that required to form the singlet excited state, the S-route is considered the favored pathway followed by the ECL process in these molecules. All these features point to this type of molecular system as promising for ECL applications.

10.
ACS Omega ; 2(10): 6298-6308, 2017 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31457238

RESUMO

Bi12O17Cl2/(BiO)2CO3 nanocomposite materials were studied as bifunctional systems for depuration of wastewater. They are able to efficiently adsorb and decompose rhodamine B (RhB) and methyl orange (MO), used as model pollutants. Bi12O17Cl2/(BiO)2CO3 nanocomposites were synthesized at room temperature and ambient pressure by means of controlled hydrolysis of BiCl3 in the presence of a surfactant (Brij 76). Cold treatments of the pristine samples with UV light or thermal annealing at different temperatures (370-500 °C) and atmospheres (air, Ar/30% O2) were adopted to modulate the relative amounts of Bi12O17Cl2/(BiO)2CO3 and hence the morphology, surface area, ζ-potential, optical absorption in the visible range, and the adsorption/degradation of pollutants. The best performance was achieved by (BiO)2CO3-rich samples, which adsorbed 80% of MO and decomposed the remaining 20% by visible light photocatalysis. Irrespective of the dye, all of the samples were able to almost complete the adsorption step within 10 min contact time. Bi12O17Cl2-rich composite materials displayed a lower adsorption ability, but thanks to the stronger absorption in the visible range they behaved as more effective photocatalysts. The obtained results evidenced the ability of the employed strategy to modulate sample properties in a wide range, thus pointing out the effectiveness of this approach for the synthesis of multifunctional inorganic materials for environmental remediation.

11.
Chemphyschem ; 17(20): 3229-3236, 2016 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27539817

RESUMO

In this study, we present the aqueous solution behavior of two luminescent lanthanide antenna complexes (Eu3+ ⊂1, Dy3+ ⊂9) with different ligand topologies in the presence of dipicolinic acid (DPA, pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid). Macrocyclic (1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7-triacetic acid, DO3A, 9) and acyclic (1,4,7-triazaheptane-1,1,7,7-tetraacetic acid, DTTA, 1) ligands have been selected to form a ratiometric pair in which Dy3+ ⊂9 acts as a reference and Eu3+ ⊂1 acts as a probe for the recognition of DPA. The pair of luminescent complexes in water reveals the capability to work as a DPA luminescent sensor. The change of emission intensity of Eu3+ indicates the occurrence of a new sensitization path for the lanthanide cation through excitation of DPA. NMR evidence implies the presence of free 1 and mass spectrometry shows the formation of emitting [EuDPA2 ]- as a result of a ligand exchange reaction.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/química , Elementos da Série dos Lantanídeos/química , Substâncias Luminescentes/química , Ácidos Picolínicos/química , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Ligantes , Substâncias Luminescentes/síntese química , Medições Luminescentes , Estrutura Molecular
12.
Inorg Chem ; 55(2): 939-47, 2016 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26741027

RESUMO

The grafting and the postgrafting functionalization of lanthanide ions on commercial amorphous silica have been herein carried out by using as a precursor the terbium N,N-dibutylcarbamato derivative [Tb(O2CNBu2)3]. The reaction of the complex with the surface silanols involved only a fraction of the carbamato ligands. The following protolytic substitution of the residual carbamato ligands was carried out by exploiting the Brønsted's acidity of the ß-diketone dibenzoylmethane (Hdbm), in view of the antenna effect of the ß-diketonato groups, which are commonly used in lanthanide photoluminescence studies. The reaction proceeded at room temperature in a clean and easy way affording the introduction of the chosen functionality in the lanthanide coordination sphere. The same procedure has been followed by using as a precursor the X-ray characterized heterometallic N,N-dibutylcarbamato complex [NH2Bu2]2[Ln4(CO3)(O2CNBu2)12] (Ln = Eu, Tb, Tm). In both cases, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy evidenced the chemical implantation of the lanthanide ions on the silica surface, and photoluminescence studies pointed out the potentiality of the proposed synthetic approach in the preparation of highly luminescent materials.

13.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 51(65): 12947-9, 2015 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26165598

RESUMO

DMSO promotes dimensional variability driving the formation of Cu-bpy architectures such as a 3D nanoporous network (1) and a 1D chiral polymer (2) self-assembled from achiral building blocks. The same solvent rules a reversible conversion between 1 and 2.

14.
J Med Chem ; 58(4): 2003-14, 2015 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25602505

RESUMO

We report the synthesis of three optical probes (Eu(3+)⊂1, Eu(3+)⊂2, and Eu(3+)⊂3) having a luminescent Eu complex (signaling unit) bonded in different positions to folic acid (FA), the folate receptor (FR) targeting unit. The structures of the two regioisomers Eu(3+)⊂1 and Eu(3+)⊂2 were assigned by mass spectrometric experiments. The optical properties and stability of these probes were assessed in phosphate-buffered saline, cell culture medium, rat serum, and cellular lysate, and results indicated that they are chemically and photophysically stable. Cytotoxicity was studied with ovarian cancer cells having high (SKOV-3), intermediate (OVCAR-3), low (IGROV-1), or null (A2780) expression of FRs. The internalized probe, evaluated in SKOV-3, IGROV-1, and A2780 cells, was in the order Eu(3+)⊂2 > Eu(3+)⊂1 > Eu(3+)⊂3. No internalization was observed for A2780 cells. Such results, together with those obtained in competition experiments of FA versus Eu(3+)⊂2 and FA or Eu(3+)⊂2 versus (3)H-FA, indicate that internalization is receptor-mediated and that Eu(3+)⊂2 shows high selectivity and specificity for FR.


Assuntos
Európio/química , Ácido Fólico/metabolismo , Substâncias Luminescentes/análise , Substâncias Luminescentes/química , Imagem Molecular/métodos , Sondas Moleculares/química , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Európio/efeitos adversos , Európio/análise , Feminino , Ácido Fólico/efeitos adversos , Ácido Fólico/química , Humanos , Substâncias Luminescentes/efeitos adversos , Substâncias Luminescentes/síntese química , Sondas Moleculares/efeitos adversos , Sondas Moleculares/análise , Sondas Moleculares/síntese química , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Organometálicos/efeitos adversos , Compostos Organometálicos/análise , Compostos Organometálicos/síntese química , Neoplasias Ovarianas/química , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Ratos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Especificidade por Substrato
15.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 50(89): 13761-4, 2014 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25250982

RESUMO

PTA hosted in a copper metallo-supramolecular triangle undergoes post-assembly oxidation to form PTAO in aerated solutions. The oxidation is triggered by selected co-solvents that also govern the formation of the final crystalline product leading to a discrete host-guest triangle {PTAO@[Cu(o-L)]3} or to a 1D coordination polymer {(PTAO)2@[Cu8][Cu2]}∞ containing a {Cu8} ring with a double hosting pocket.

16.
Inorg Chem ; 53(14): 7276-87, 2014 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25004081

RESUMO

A constitutional dynamic library (CDL) of Cu(II) metallo-supramolecular polygons has been studied as a bench test to examine an interesting selection case based on molecular recognition. Sorting of the CDL polygons is achieved through a proper guest that is hosted into the triangular metallo-macrocycle constituent. Two selection mechanisms are observed, a guest induced path and a guest templated self-assembly (virtual library approach). Remarkably, the triangular host can accommodate several guests with a degree of selectivity ranging from ∼1 to ∼10(4) for all possible guest pairs. A double level selection operates: guests drive the CDL toward the triangular polygon, and, at the same time, this is able to pick a specific guest from a set of competitive molecules, according to a selectivity-affinity correlation. Association constants of the host-guest systems have been determined. Guest competition and exchange studies have been analyzed through variable temperature UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy and single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. Molecular structures and electronic properties of the triangular polygon and of the host-guest systems also have been studied by means of all electrons density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) calculations including dispersive contributions. DFT outcomes ultimately indicate the dispersive nature of the host-guest interactions, while TDDFT results allow a thorough assignment of the host and host-guests spectral features.

17.
Inorg Chem ; 53(10): 4861-71, 2014 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24779510

RESUMO

Lanthanides are easily extracted as N,N-dibutylcarbamato complexes from aqueous solutions of their chlorides into heptane solutions of dibutylamine saturated with CO2. The products are recovered in high yields and are soluble in hydrocarbons. The derivatives [Ln(O2CNBu2)3]n [Ln = Nd (1), Eu (2), Tb (3)], [NH2Bu2]2[Ln4(CO3)(O2CNBu2)12] [Ln = Tb (4), Sm (5), Eu (6)], and [Sm4(CO3)(O2CNBu2)10], 7, have thus been obtained. The crystal and molecular structure of 4 has been solved; the samarium and europium complexes 5 and 6 were found to be isostructural. Mass spectra of the complexes 1-3, 4, and 7 (in MeCN/toluene) reveal that equilibria are present in solution. Compound 2 has been reacted in toluene with NHBz2 in the presence of CO2 affording [NH2Bz2][Eu(O2CNBz2)4], 8, through a ligand exchange process. By thermal treatment, 8 afforded [Eu(O2CNBz2)3]n, 9. With a similar procedure [Sm(O2CNBz2)3]n, 10, was obtained from 5. According to the photoluminescence study carried out on solid samples of 2, 4, 5, 7, and 8, the metal centered f-f transitions represent the only effective way to induce lanthanide luminescence in these complexes.

18.
Dalton Trans ; 43(43): 16183-96, 2014 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24874265

RESUMO

The encapsulation of [Eu(dbm)3phen] into functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) has been carried out to study the effect of chemical environments on the photoluminescence properties of the rare-earth complex. Surface functionalization was achieved by the reaction of the silanol groups on the surface of mesoporous silica with different organosilylating agents such as (3-aminopropyl)-triethoxysilane (APTES), (3-mercaptopropyl)-trimethoxysilane (MPTMS), and ethoxytrimethylsilane (ETMS). A change in the luminescence properties of the Eu(dbm)3phen complex has been observed on its encapsulation into surface modified mesoporous silica nanoparticles. The modification of photophysical properties is attributed to the interaction of Eu(dbm)3phen with the different chemical environments in the functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN). The luminescence properties of the rare-earth complex in surface-modified MSN increase in the order MSN < MSN-ETMS < MSN-MPTMS < MSN-APTES. The Eu(dbm)3phen complex encapsulated in the functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticles shows an enhanced luminescence and an increased lifetime compared to the pure rare-earth complex in the solid state and that in unmodified MSN. This implies that some interactions of the lanthanide complexes take place during their incorporation process into the organically modified mesoporous silica nanoparticles. The organically modified mesoporous silica nanoparticles were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and N2 adsorption desorption measurements. The luminescence properties of the encapsulated Eu(dbm)3phen were studied in detail. Moreover, the effect of functionalized MSNs on the structural behaviour of the Eu(dbm)3phen was investigated by solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (SSNMR) techniques using an analogous diamagnetic model complex, Y(dbm)3phen, encapsulated into functionalized MSNs. These studies indicate that the encapsulated rare-earth complex shows some interactions with the functional groups anchored on the surface of MSNs.

19.
Chemistry ; 20(16): 4598-607, 2014 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24668801

RESUMO

We describe herein the synthesis and photophysical characterization of new lanthanide complexes that consist of a (9,9-dimethylfluoren-2-yl)-2-oxoethyl or a (9,9'-spirobifluoren-2-yl)-2-oxoethyl unit as the antenna, covalently linked to a 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7-triacetic acid (DO3A) unit as the Ln(3+) (Gd(3+), Eu(3+), Sm(3+), Tb(3+), Dy(3+)) coordination site. We were able to translate the spectroscopic properties of the innovative bipartite ligands into the formation of highly luminescent europium complexes that exhibit efficient emission (ϕ(se)>0.1) upon sensitization in the near-visible region, that is, with an excitation wavelength above 350 nm. The luminescence of the Eu(3+) complexes is clearly detectable at concentrations as low as 10 pM. Furthermore, the structural organization of these bipartite ligands makes the complexes highly soluble in aqueous solutions and chemically stable over time.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/química , Fluorenos/química , Elementos da Série dos Lantanídeos/química , Compostos de Espiro/química , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Európio/química , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 1 Anel/química , Ligantes , Medições Luminescentes
20.
J Chem Phys ; 139(16): 164715, 2013 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24182072

RESUMO

In this work, we report the functionalization of flat Si(100) surfaces with a calix[8]arene derivative through a thermal hydrosilylation process, followed by docking with [60]fullerene. Chemical grafting of calix[8]arene on silicon substrates was evaluated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, whereas host-guest immobilization of fullerene was demonstrated by atomic force microscopy and sessile drop water contact angle measurements. Surface topographical variations, modelled on the basis of calix[8]arene and [60]fullerene geometrical parameters, are consistent with the observed morphological features relative to surface functionalization and to non-covalent immobilization of [60]fullerene.

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